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The government of Russia exercises executive power in the
Russian Federation Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by area, largest country in the world, covering over , and encom ...

Russian Federation
. The members of the government are the
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
, the deputy prime ministers, and the federal ministers. It has its legal basis in the
Constitution of the Russian Federation The Constitution of the Russian Federation () was adopted by national referendum on . Russia's constitution came into force on , at the moment of its official publication, and abolished the Soviet republic (system of government), Soviet syste ...
and the federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation". The
Apparatus of the Government of Russia Apparatus of the Government of the Russian Federation (russian: Аппарат правительства Российской Федерации) is a governmental body formed to ensure the activities of the Government of the Russian Federation T ...
is a governmental body which administrates the activities of the government According to the 1991 amendment to the 1978 Russian Constitution, the
President of Russia The President of the Russian Federation ( rus, Президент Российской Федерации, Prezident Rossiyskoy Federatsii), is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (pl ...
was the head of the
executive branch The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government that enforces law, and has Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State (polity), state. In political systems based on the principle ...
and headed the
Council of Ministers of RussiaThe Russian Council of Ministers is an executive governmental council that brings together the principal officers of the Executive Branch of the Russian government. This includes the chairman of the government and ministers of federal government dep ...
. According to the current 1993 Constitution of Russia, the
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
is not a part of the Government of Russia, which exercises executive power. But, the President does appoint the Prime Minister. The Chapter 6 of the Constitution of Russia says, that "The Government of the Russian Federation consists of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation (Prime Minister), Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal ministries".


History

The large body was preceded by
Government of the Soviet Union The Government of the Soviet Union ( rus, Прави́тельство СССР, p=prɐˈvʲitʲɪlʲstvə ɛs ɛs ɛs ˈɛr, r=Pravítelstvo SSSR, lang=no), formally the All-Union Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, commonly abbr ...
. Since the Russian Federation emerged from 1991 to 1992, the government's structure has undergone several major changes. In the initial years, a large number of government bodies, primarily the different ministries, underwent massive reorganization as the old Soviet governing networks were adapted to the new state. Many reshuffles and renamings occurred. On 28 November 1991, President of the RSFSR
Boris Yeltsin Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin ( rus, links=no, Борис Николаевич Ельцин, a=ru-Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin.ogg, p=bɐˈrʲis nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ ˈjelʲtsɨn; 1 February 1931 – 23 April 2007) was a Russian and former Soviet ...

Boris Yeltsin
signed
presidential decree A decree is a rule of law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is de ...
No.242 "On the reorganization of the government bodies of the RSFSR". Yeltsin officially declared the end of the Soviet Union and became the President of the Russian Federation. Yeltsin was a reformer and promised Western-styled democracy. In 1993, the new Russian Constitution was adopted. The new Constitution gained legitimacy through its bicameral legislature, an independent judiciary, the position of the president and the prime minister, and democratic features. These democratic features included competitive multi-party elections, separation of powers, federalism, and protection of civil liberties. In 1999, Yeltsin appointed Vladimir Putin as the Prime Minister. Later in that year, Yeltsin resigned from the presidency and Putin took over as the Acting President. In 2000 Putin won the presidential election. The most recent change took place on 21 January 2020, when President
Vladimir Putin Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, (born 7 October 1952) is a Russian politician and former intelligence officer who is serving as the current president of Russia. He has been serving in this position since 2012, and he previously held this of ...

Vladimir Putin
signed a presidential decree on forming
Mikhail Mishustin's Cabinet The Mikhail Mishustin Cabinet (russian: Правительство Мишустина) is the current federal government of Russia The government of Russia exercises executive power in the Russian Federation Russia (russian: link=no, Ро ...
.


Responsibilities and power

The Government is the subject of the 6th chapter of the
Constitution of the Russian Federation The Constitution of the Russian Federation () was adopted by national referendum on . Russia's constitution came into force on , at the moment of its official publication, and abolished the Soviet republic (system of government), Soviet syste ...
. According to the constitution, the government of the Russian Federation must: #Draft and submit the federal budget to the
State Duma The State Duma ( rus, Госуда́рственная ду́ма, r=Gosudárstvennaya dúma), commonly abbreviated in Russian as Gosduma ( rus, Госду́ма), is the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to ...
; ensure the implementation of the budget and report on its implementation to the State Duma; #Ensure the implementation of a uniform financial, credit and
monetary policy Monetary policy is the policy adopted by the monetary authority In finance and economics, a monetary authority is the entity that manages a country’s currency and money supply, often with the objective of controlling inflation targeting, infla ...

monetary policy
in the Russian Federation ; #Ensure the implementation of a uniform state policy in the areas of
culture Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior and Norm (social), norms found in human Society, societies, as well as the knowledge, beliefs, arts, laws, Social norm, customs, capabilities, and habits of the individuals i ...
, science,
education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, value (ethics), values, morals, beliefs, habits, and personal development. Educational methods include teaching, training, storytelling, discussion ...
,
health protection Public health has been defined as "the science and art of Preventive healthcare, preventing disease”, prolonging life and improving quality of life through organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations (public and private), ...
,
social security Welfare (or commonly, social welfare) is a type of government support intended to ensure that members of a society can meet basic human needs Maslow's hierarchy of needs is an idea in psychology Psychology is the science of mind and ...
and
ecology Ecology (from el, οἶκος, "house" and el, -λογία, label=none, "study of") is the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment. Ecology considers organisms In biol ...
; #Manage federal property; #Adopt measures to ensure the country's defense,
state security National_Security_Council A_National_Security_Council_(NSC)_is_usually_an_executive_branch The_executive_is_the_branch_of__government_exercising__authority_in_and_holding_Moral_responsibility,_responsibility_for_the_governance_of_a_State_(p ...
, and the implementation of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation; #Implement measures to ensure the
rule of law The rule of law is defined in the ''Oxford English Dictionary The ''Oxford English Dictionary'' (''OED'') is the principal of the , published by (OUP). It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a compreh ...
,
human rights Human rights are moral A moral (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. ...
and freedoms, the protection of property and
public order In criminology Criminology (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Thr ...
, and
crime control Crime control refers to methods taken to reduce crime in a society. Crime control standardizes police work. Penology often focuses on the use of criminal penalties as a means of presidential_decrees.The_Constitution_of_the_Russian_Federation:_Chapter_6
_ The_government_issues_its_
presidential_decrees.The_Constitution_of_the_Russian_Federation:_Chapter_6
_ The_government_issues_its_Act_(document)">acts The_Acts_of_the_Apostles_(_grc-koi,_Πράξεις_Ἀποστόλων,_''Práxeis_Apostólōn'';__la,_Actūs_Apostolōrum),_often_referred_to_simply_as_Acts,_or_formally_the_Book_of_Acts,_is_the_fifth_book_of_the_New_Testament The_New_Te_...
_in_the_way_of_decisions_(Постановления)_and_orders_(Распоряжения)._These_must_not_contradict_the_Constitution_of_Russia.html" "title="Act_(document).html" "title="Decree of the President of Russia">presidential decrees.The Constitution of the Russian Federation: Chapter 6
The government issues its Act (document)">acts The Acts of the Apostles ( grc-koi, Πράξεις Ἀποστόλων, ''Práxeis Apostólōn''; la, Actūs Apostolōrum), often referred to simply as Acts, or formally the Book of Acts, is the fifth book of the New Testament The New Te ...
in the way of decisions (Постановления) and orders (Распоряжения). These must not contradict the Constitution of Russia">constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ...
, federal constitutional laws, federal laws, and Decree of the President of Russia, Presidential decrees, and are signed by the
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
. The Government, also assists the Prime Minister, in faithfully carrying out the country's domestic and foreign policy as determined by the President, in general.


Current Cabinet


Lists of ministers


See also

*
Security Council of Russia The Security Council of the Russian Federation (SCRF; Russia Russia (russian: link=no, Россия, , ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by ar ...
*
List of heads of government of Russia Approximately 38 people have been head of the Russian government since its establishment in 1905. The Council of Ministers of the Russian Empire, created in November 1905, was preceded by a number of cabinet-like institutions. Oldest of them ...
*
Government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic The Council of People's Commissars of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; rus, links=no, Российская Советская Федеративная Со ...
*
Government of the Soviet Union The Government of the Soviet Union ( rus, Прави́тельство СССР, p=prɐˈvʲitʲɪlʲstvə ɛs ɛs ɛs ˈɛr, r=Pravítelstvo SSSR, lang=no), formally the All-Union Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, commonly abbr ...
* Russian Foreign Services *
Russia under Vladimir Putin Vladimir Putin#REDIRECT Vladimir Putin {{Redirect category shell, {{R from miscapitalisation {{R unprintworthy ... has served three terms and is currently in a fourth as President of Russia The president of the Russian Federation ( rus, ...


References


External links


Official website of the Government of Russia
{{Use mdy dates, date=May 2011
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...
History of Russia (1992–present) European governments Federal executive bodies of Russia