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Adventure Bay is the name of a locality, a
township A township is a kind of human settlement In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live. The complexity of a settlement can range from a small number of dwellings g ...

township
and a geographical feature on the eastern side of
Bruny Island Bruny Island ( Nuenonne: Lunawanna-alonnah ) is a island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features o ...
,
Tasmania Tasmania (), abbreviated as TAS, is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atol ...
. At the , Adventure Bay and the surrounding area had a population of 152.


Early history

The first European to sight the bay was explorer
Abel Tasman Abel Janszoon Tasman (; 160310 October 1659) was a Dutch seafarer A sailor, seaman, mariner, or seafarer is a person who works aboard a watercraft as part of its crew, and may work in any one of a number of different fields that are relate ...

Abel Tasman
, who sought to anchor his vessel ''Heemskerck'' there in 1642. Instead, ''Heemskerck'' was driven back offshore by a storm, in token of which Tasman named the place Storm Bay. Captain
Tobias Furneaux Captain Tobias Furneaux (21 August 173518 September 1781) was an English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early ...

Tobias Furneaux
renamed it in March 1773, in honour of his ship , which he had anchored in the bay for five days after becoming separated from
Captain James Cook's
Captain James Cook's
during Cook's second voyage to the Pacific search of
Terra Australis Incognita Terra Australis (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of ...
. Furneaux's log made clear the bay was an excellent anchorage for resupplying vessels:
To the SW of the first watering place there is a large lagoon which I believe has plenty of fish in it for one of our Gentlemen caught upwards of 2 dozen trout, and shot a possum which was the only animal we saw. There are a great many gum trees and of a vast thickness and height, one of which measured in circumference 26 feet and the height under the branches was 20 feet."
Others among Furneaux's crew spotted evidence of what they believed were small deer but were more likely kangaroos. Furneaux also noted signs of an
Aboriginal Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, including: ***Aboriginal Australians ****Australian Aboriginal identity ...
settlement in the form of "several huts or wigwams on shore, with several bags of grass in which they carry their shellfish." - but the branches of which the huts were made were "split and torn" and there was "not the least appearance of any people." Reliably mapped and offering an abundance of fresh water and game, Adventure Bay quickly became a popular anchorage for European explorers. Cook's ''Resolution'' watered there in 1777, followed by
William Bligh Vice-admiral (Royal Navy), Vice-Admiral William Bligh (9 September 1754 – 7 December 1817) was an officer of the Royal Navy and a colonial administrator. The Mutiny on the Bounty occurred during his command of in 1789; after being set adri ...
aboard in 1788 and in 1792. Others who resupplied their vessels in the bay in this period included
Bruni d'Entrecasteaux Antoine Raymond Joseph de Bruni, chevalier d'Entrecasteaux () (8 November 1737 – 21 July 1793) was a French naval officer, explorer and colonial governor. He is perhaps best known for his exploration of the Australia Australia, o ...
aboard '' Recherche'' in 1792 and 1793, and
Nicolas Baudin Nicolas Thomas Baudin (; 17 February 1754 – 16 September 1803) was a France, French explorer, cartographer, naturalist and hydrographer. Biography Early career Born a commoner in Saint-Martin-de-Ré on the Île de Ré on 17 February 175 ...
in the corvette '' Géographe'' in 1802.
Matthew Flinders Captain (Royal Navy), Captain Matthew Flinders (16 March 1774 – 19 July 1814) was a British navigator and cartographer who led the first littoral zone, inshore circumnavigate, circumnavigation of the landmass that is now known as Australia. ...

Matthew Flinders
also tried to enter the bay with ''
Norfolk Norfolk () is a rural and non-metropolitan county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambe ...
'' in 1798. That same year Adventure Bay became the site of whaling & timber stations.


European Settlement

British whalers were reported in Adventure Bay by 1804. Shore-based whaling stations operated in the bay from 1826 at four separate locations. During the 19th and 20th century Adventure Bay was used by the timber industry. Sheltered from all but strong north-easterly winds, the township of Adventure Bay at the southern end of the bay itself was the site of both extensive timber mills and a long jetty from where seagoing vessels could load timber. Dangerously exposed to north-easterly gales, several ships were driven ashore and wrecked there, the largest being the 241-
ton The ton is a unit of measure A unit of measurement is a definite magnitude Magnitude may refer to: Mathematics *Euclidean vector, a quantity defined by both its magnitude and its direction *Magnitude (mathematics), the relative size ...
barque A barque, barc, or bark is a type of sailing vessel A sailing ship is a sea-going vessel that uses sails mounted on Mast (sailing), masts to harness the power of wind and propel the vessel. There is a variety of sail plans that propel sailin ...

barque
''Natal Queen'' in 1909. Adventure Bay Post Office opened on 1 December 1890 and closed in 1974. Adventure Bay is now largely a tourist destination. Facilities in town include a general store that sells petrol and a cafe. It is also the location for cruises around the island.


Notes


Footnotes

Tasman's name,
Storm Bay The Storm Bay is a large bay A bay is a recessed, coastal body of water that directly connects to a larger main body of water, such as an ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers ...

Storm Bay
, survives in describing the larger inlet to the north and northeast of Adventure Bay, containing the mouth of the Derwent River
estuary An estuary is a partially enclosed Coast, coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a transition zone between river environments and maritime envir ...

estuary
.


References


Further reading

* {{authority control Towns in Tasmania Whaling in Australia Southern Tasmania Bruny Island Whaling stations in Australia