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Year 1348 ( MCCCXLVIII) was a
leap year starting on Tuesday A leap year starting on Tuesday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Tuesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are FE. The most recent year of such kind was 2008 and the ne ...
(link will display the full calendar) of the
Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century B ...
, the 1348th year of the
Common Era Common Era (CE) is one of the year notations used for the Gregorian calendar (and its predecessor, the Julian calendar), the world's most widely used calendar era. Before the Common Era (BCE) is the era before CE. BCE and CE are alternatives ...
(CE) and ''
Anno Domini The terms (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of the , r ...
'' (AD) designations, the 348th year of the 2nd millennium, the 48th year of the
14th century As a means of recording the passage of time Time is the continued of and that occurs in an apparently succession from the , through the , into the . It is a component quantity of various s used to events, to compare the duration of ...
, and the 9th and pre-final year of the
1340s The 1340s were a Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman people, Roman general and statesman who played a critical role in Crisis of the Roman Repu ...
decade.


Events


January–December

*
January January is the first month of the year in the Julian calendar, Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first of seven months to have a length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest mon ...
– Gonville Hall, the forerunner of
Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge Gonville & Caius College (often referred to simply as Caius ) is a Colleges of the University of Cambridge, constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England. Originally founded in 1348, it is the fourth-oldest of the thi ...
, England, is founded. *
January 25 Events Pre-1600 * 41 – After a night of negotiation, Claudius Claudius ( ; Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus; 1 August 10 BC – 13 October AD 54) was the fourth Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ru ...
– The 6.9-magnitude
1348 Friuli earthquake The 1348 Friuli earthquake, centered in the South Alpine region of Friuli Friuli ( fur, Friûl) is an area of Northeast Italy with its own particular cultural and historical identity containing 1,000,000 Friulians. It comprises the major part ...
centered in Northern Italy was felt across Europe. Contemporary minds linked the quake with the
Black Death The Black Death (also known as the Pestilence, the Great Mortality or the Plague) was a bubonic plague Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by the plague bacterium Bacteria (; common noun bacteria, singular bact ...

Black Death
, fueling fears that the Biblical Apocalypse had arrived. *
February 2 Events Pre-1600 *506 – Alaric II, eighth king of the Visigoths, promulgates the Breviary of Alaric (''Breviarium Alaricianum'' or ''Lex Romana Visigothorum''), a collection of "Roman law". *880 – Battle of Luneberg Heath, Battle o ...

February 2
Battle of Strėva: the
Teutonic Order The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem (official names: la, Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Hierosolymitanorum, german: Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus der Heiligen Maria in Jerusalem), commonly the Te ...
secure a victory over the
Grand Duchy of Lithuania The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state that lasted from the 13th century to 1795, when the territory was partitioned among the Russian Empire The Russian Empire, . commonly referred to as Imperial Russia, was a historical empire t ...

Grand Duchy of Lithuania
. *
April 7 Events * 451 – Attila the Hun Attila (; ), frequently called Attila the Hun, was the ruler of the Huns from 434 until his death in March 453. He was also the leader of a tribal empire consisting of Huns, Ostrogoths, Alans a ...
Charles University Charles University, known also as Charles University in Prague ( cs, Univerzita Karlova (UK); la, Universitas Carolina; german: Karls-Universität) or historically as the University of Prague ( la, Universitas Pragensis), is the oldest and large ...
in
Prague Prague ( ; cs, Praha ; german: Prag, ; la, Praga) is the capital and largest city A city is a large human settlement In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people ...

Prague
, founded the previous year by
papal bull A papal bull is a type of public decree, letters patent, or charter issued by a pope of the Catholic Church. It is named after the leaden Seal (emblem), seal (''bulla (seal), bulla'') that was traditionally appended to the end in order to auth ...
, is granted privileges by
Charles I, King of Bohemia Charles IV ( cs, Karel IV.; german: Karl IV.; la, Carolus IV; 14 May 1316 (22 May Greg.) – 29 November 1378''Karl IV''. In: (1960): ''Geschichte in Gestalten'' (''History in figures''), vol. 2: ''F-K''. 38, Frankfurt 1963, p. 294), also k ...
, in a
golden bull A golden bull or chrysobull was a issued by s and later by monarchs in Europe during the and , most notably by the . The term was originally coined for the golden (a '' aurea''), attached to the decree, but came to be applied to the entire ...
. *
April 23 Events Pre-20th century *215 BC __NOTOC__ Year 215 BC was a year of the Roman calendar, pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Albinus/Marcellus/Verrucosus and Gracchus (or, less frequently, yea ...
Edward III of England Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377), also known as Edward of Windsor before his accession, was King of England This list of kings and queens of the begins with , who initially ruled , one of the which later made up modern En ...

Edward III of England
creates the first English order of chivalry, the
Most Noble Order of the Garter (Shame on him who thinks evil of it) , eligibility = , criteria = At Her Majesty's pleasure , status = Currently constituted , founder = Edward III Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377), also known as ...
. * By
June 24 Events Pre-1600 *1312 BC The 1310s BC is a decade A decade is a period of 10 years. The word is derived (via French and Latin) from the grc, δεκάς, dekas, which means ''a group of ten''. Decades may describe any ten-year period, such as ...
– The
Black Death The Black Death (also known as the Pestilence, the Great Mortality or the Plague) was a bubonic plague Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by the plague bacterium Bacteria (; common noun bacteria, singular bact ...

Black Death
pandemic has reached
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
, having probably been brought across the
English Channel The English Channel,, "The Sleeve"; nrf, la Maunche, "The Sleeve" (Cotentinais Cotentinais is the dialect The term dialect (from Latin , , from the Ancient Greek word , , "discourse", from , , "through" and , , "I speak") is used in two ...

English Channel
by a sailor from
Gascony Gascony (; french: Gascogne ; oc, Gasconha ; eu, Gaskoinia) was a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region ...
to the south coast port of Melcombe (modern-day
Weymouth, Dorset Weymouth is a seaside town in Dorset Dorset (; archaically In language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign language) and writing. ...
); by November it will have reached London. *
July 6 Events Pre-1600 *371 BC __NOTOC__ Year 371 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Fifth year without Tribunate or Consulship (or, less frequently, year 383 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Antoninia ...
– A papal bull is issued by
Pope Clement VI Pope Clement VI ( la, Clemens VI; 1291 – 6 December 1352), born Pierre Roger, was head of the Catholic Church from 7 May 1342 to his death in 1352. He was the fourth Avignon Papacy, Avignon pope. Clement reigned during the first visitation of ...

Pope Clement VI
, protecting Jews against popular aggression during the Black Death pandemic. *
November 1 Events * 365 – The Alemanni cross the Rhine and invade Gaul. Emperor Valentinian I moves to Paris to command the army and defend the Gallic cities. * 996 – Emperor Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor, Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk, ...
– The anti-royalist Union of Valencia attacks the
Jews Jews ( he, יְהוּדִים ISO 259-2 ISO The International Organization for Standardization (ISO ) is an international standard An international standard is a technical standard A technical standard is an established norm (social), ...

Jews
of Murviedro because they are
serf Serfdom was the status of many peasant A peasant is a pre-industrial Pre-industrial society refers to social attributes and forms of political and cultural organization that were prevalent before the advent of the Industrial Revoluti ...
s of the
King of Valencia For the majority of the Middle Ages, Valencia Valencia (), officially València ( ), is the capital of the Autonomous communities of Spain, autonomous community of Valencian Community, Valencia and the Municipalities of Spain, third-larges ...
and thus "royalists". *
November 18 Events Pre-1600 * 326 – The old St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated by Pope Sylvester I Sylvester I (also Silvester, died 31 December 335) was the bishop of Rome A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the C ...
of Japan abdicates the throne in favour of his son , making them the second and third of the
Northern Court The , also known as the Ashikaga Pretenders or Northern Pretenders, were a set of six pretender A pretender is someone who claims to be the rightful ruler of a country although not recognized as such by the current government. The term is oft ...
(Ashikaga Pretenders).


Date unknown

* The
Black Death The Black Death (also known as the Pestilence, the Great Mortality or the Plague) was a bubonic plague Bubonic plague is one of three types of plague caused by the plague bacterium Bacteria (; common noun bacteria, singular bact ...

Black Death
pandemic spreads to central and
western Europe Western Europe is the western region of Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical r ...

western Europe
and to
Cairo Cairo ( ; ar, القاهرة, al-Qāhirah, , Coptic Coptic may refer to: Afro-Asia * Copts, an ethnoreligious group mainly in the area of modern Egypt but also in Sudan and Libya * Coptic language, a Northern Afro-Asiatic language spoken in E ...

Cairo
. * Stefan the Mighty, , conquers
Thessaly Thessaly ( el, Θεσσαλία, translit=Thessalía, ; ancient Aeolic Greek#Thessalian, Thessalian: , ) is a traditional geographic regions of Greece, geographic and modern administrative regions of Greece, administrative region of Greece, co ...

Thessaly
and
Epirus sq, Epiri rup, Epiru , native_name_lang = , settlement_type = Historical region Historical regions (or historical areas) are geography, geographical areas which at some point in time had a culture, cultural, ethnic group, ethn ...
. * The
Pskov Republic Pskov ( la, Plescoviae), known at various times as the Principality of Pskov (russian: Псковское княжество, Pskovskoye knyazhestvo) or the Pskov Republic (russian: Псковская Республика, Pskovskaya Respublika) ...
gains independence from the
Novgorod Republic The Novgorod Republic (russian: Новгородская республика, Novgorodskaya respublika, ; orv, Новгородскаѧ землѧ, Novgorodskaę zemlę, lit=Novgorodian Land; la, Novogardia or russian: Новгородская ...
with the treaty of Bolotovo. *
Hundred Years' War (1337–1360) The Hundred Years’ War (french: link=yes, La guerre de Cent Ans; 1337–1453) was a series of armed conflicts between the kingdoms of Kingdom of England, England and Kingdom of France, France during the Late Middle Ages. It originated fr ...
: The effects of the Black Death cause a de facto truce to be observed between England and
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
until
1355 Year 1355 ( MCCCLV) was a common year starting on Thursday Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone County Tyrone (; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialec ...
. * Estimation:
Hangzhou Hangzhou (, , Standard Mandarin Standard Chinese (), in linguistics known as Standard Northern Mandarin, Standard Beijing Mandarin or simply Mandarin, is a dialect of Mandarin that emerged as the lingua franca A lingua franca (; ...

Hangzhou
in
Mongolian Mongolian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Mongolia, a country in Asia * Mongolian people, or Mongols * Mongolia (1911–24), the government of Mongolia, 1911–1919 and 1921–1924 * Mongolian language * Mongolian alphabet * Mongo ...
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from
Cairo Cairo ( ; ar, القاهرة, al-Qāhirah, , Coptic Coptic may refer to: Afro-Asia * Copts, an ethnoreligious group mainly in the area of modern Egypt but also in Sudan and Libya * Coptic language, a Northern Afro-Asiatic language spoken in E ...

Cairo
, capital of
Mamluk Egypt The Mamluk Sultanate ( ar, سلطنة المماليك, translit=Salṭanat al-Mamālīk) was a medieval realm spanning medieval Egypt, Egypt, the Levant and Hejaz that established itself as a caliphate. It lasted from the overthrow of the Ayyub ...
.Geography at about.com.
/ref>


Births

*
April 11 Events * 491 __NOTOC__ Year 491 ( CDXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or ...
Andronikos IV Palaiologos Andronikos IV Palaiologos ( gr, Ἀνδρόνικος Παλαιολόγος; 11 April 1348 – 25/28 June 1385), often Latinized as Andronicus IV Palaeologus, was the eldest son of Emperor John V Palaiologos. Appointed co-emperor since 1352, he h ...

Andronikos IV Palaiologos
, Byzantine Emperor (d.
1385 Year 1385 ( MCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additio ...
) * ''date unknown'' ** John Fitzalan, 1st Lord Arundel (d.
1379 Year 1379 ( MCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an addit ...
) **
Alice Perrers Alice Perrers (1348–1400) was an English royal mistress English usually refers to: * English language * English people English may also refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * ''English'', an adjective for something of, from, or ...
, politically active English royal mistress and courtier (d.
1400 Year 1400 (Roman numerals, MCD) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. The year 1400 was not a leap year in the Proleptic Gregorian Calendar. Events January–December * Henry ...
)


Deaths

*
February 2 Events Pre-1600 *506 – Alaric II, eighth king of the Visigoths, promulgates the Breviary of Alaric (''Breviarium Alaricianum'' or ''Lex Romana Visigothorum''), a collection of "Roman law". *880 – Battle of Luneberg Heath, Battle o ...

February 2
Narimantas ::''For an earlier, historically unattested and possibly just a mythical namesake, see Palemonids'' Narimantas or Narymunt (baptized ''Gleb'', born in 1277 or just before 1300 (according to Wasilewski 1992) – 2 February 1348) was the second eld ...
, Christian Lithuanian prince of Pinsk (Battle of Strėva) *
June 9 Events Pre-1600 *411 BC __NOTOC__ Year 411 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Mugillanus and Rutilus (or, less frequently, year 343 ''Ab urbe condita 300px, Anto ...
Ambrogio Lorenzetti Ambrogio Lorenzetti (; – 9 June 1348) or Ambruogio Laurati was an Italian painter of the Sienese school. He was active from approximately 1317 to 1348. He painted ''The Allegory of Good and Bad Government'' in the Sala dei Nove (Salon of Nine o ...
, Sienese painter (Black Death) (b.
1290 Year 1290 (Roman numerals, MCCXC) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * ''Year without winter'' – Exceptionally rare instance of uninterrupted t ...
) *
June 13 Events Pre-1600 * 313 __NOTOC__ Year 313 ( CCCXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone County Tyrone (; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ire ...
Don Juan Manuel Don Juan Manuel (5 May 128213 June 1348) was a Spanish medieval writer, nephew of Alfonso X of Castile, son of Manuel of Castile and Beatrice of Savoy (died 1292), Beatrice of Savoy. He inherited from his father the great Seigneury of Villena, recei ...

Don Juan Manuel
, prince of Villena, Spanish writer (b.
1282 Year 1282 ( MCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Thursday A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an addit ...
) *
July 1 It is the last day of the first half of the year. The end of this day marks the halfway point of a leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional ...
Joan of England
Joan of England
, princess (Black Death) (b. 1333/34) *
August 20 Events *AD 14 __NOTOC__ AD 14 (Roman numerals, XIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Pompeius and Appuleius (or, le ...
Laurence Hastings, 1st Earl of Pembroke Laurence de Hastings, 1st Earl of Pembroke (20 March 131920 August 1348) was a Normans, Norman England, English nobleman and held the titles 1st Earl of Pembroke (4th creation), Baron Abergavenny and Baron Hastings under Edward II of England and Edw ...
, English noble (b.
1319 Year 1319 ( MCCCXIX) was a common year starting on Monday A common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a month) a ...
) *
August 23 In ancient astrology Astrology is a pseudoscience that claims to divination, divine information about human affairs and terrestrial events by studying the movements and relative positions of Celestial objects in astrology, celesti ...
John de Stratford John de Stratford (''c''.1275 – 1348) was Archbishop of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is general ...
,
Archbishop of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Cat ...
(b. c.1275) *
October 2 Events * 829 – Theophilos succeeds his father Michael II Michael II the Amorian ( gr, Μιχαήλ ὁ ἐξ Ἀμορίου, Michaēl ho ex Amoríou; 770-829), nicknamed the Stammerer (, ''ho Travlós'' or , ''ho Psellós''), reigned ...
Alice de Lacy, 4th Countess of Lincoln Alice de Lacy, ''suo jure'' Countess of Lincoln, ''suo jure'' 5th Countess of Salisbury (25 December 1281 – 2 October 1348) was an English peeress. Life Born on Christmas Day 1281 at Denbigh Castle, Alice was the only daughter and heir of ...
, English noblewoman (b.
1281 Year 1281 ( MCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is ...
) * ''date unknown'' **
Laura de Noves Laura de Noves (1310–1348) was the wife of Count Hugues de Sade (ancestor of the Marquis de Sade). She could be the Laura that the Humanist poet Francesco Petrarch wrote about extensively; however, she has never been positively identified as ...
, French countess, presumed beloved of
Petrarch Francesco Petrarca (; 20 July 1304 – 18/19 July 1374), commonly anglicized Linguistic anglicisation (or anglicization, occasionally anglification, anglifying, or Englishing) is the practice of modifying foreign words, names, and phrases ...

Petrarch
(b. 1310) **
Pietro Lorenzetti Pietro Lorenzetti (; – 1348) or Pietro Laurati was an Italian painter, active between c.1306 and 1345. Together with his younger brother Ambrogio, he introduced naturalism into Sienese School, Sienese art. In their artistry and experiments wi ...
, Sienese painter (Black Death) (b.
1280 1280 ( MCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Monday A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday Monday is the between and . According to the 's standard, it is the first ...
) ** Umur of Aydın,
Emir Emir (; ar, أمير ' ), sometimes Romanization of Arabic, transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is a word of Arabic language, Arabic origin that can refer to a male monarch, aristocratic, aristocrat, holder of high-ranking military or politic ...
(killed in action) (b. c.
1309 Year 1309 ( MCCCIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E ...
) **
Giovanni Villani Giovanni Villani (; 1276 or 1280 – 1348)Bartlett (1992), 35. was an Italian banker, official, diplomat and chronicler from Florence who wrote the ''Nuova Cronica'' (''New Chronicles'') on the history of Florence. He was a leading statesman of ...

Giovanni Villani
, chronicler of
Florence Florence ( ; it, Firenze ) is a city in Central-Northern Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of Italian Peninsula, a peninsula delimited by the Al ...

Florence
(Black Death) (b. c.
1276 Year 1276 ( MCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on WednesdayA leap year starting on Wednesday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Wednesday 1 January and ends on Thursday 31 December. Its dominical letters hence ...
)


References

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