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Round Towers
A fortified tower (also defensive tower or castle tower or, in context, just tower) is one of the defensive structures used in fortification A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare, and is also used to establish rule in a region during peacetime. The term is derived from Latin ''fortis'' ("strong") and ''facere'' ( ...s, such as castle A castle is a type of fortification, fortified structure built during the Middle Ages predominantly by the nobility or royalty and by Military order (monastic society), military orders. Scholars debate the scope of the word ''castle'', but u ...s, along with curtain wall Curtain wall may refer to: * Curtain wall (architecture), the outer skin of a modern building * Curtain wall (fortification), the outer wall of a castle or defensive wall between two bastions

SDJ Harlech Castle Gatehouse
SDJ may mean: * Democratic Farmers League of Sweden (Swedish: ) * Sendai Airport, Natori, Miyagi, Japan * Seven Day Jesus, a Christian rock band * School District of Janesville, Janesville, Wisconsin, United States * Suundi language, a Bantu language {{disambiguation ...
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Corner Tower
The corner towers were defensive towers built at the corners of castles or fortresses. Purpose Two ideas have been advanced about the purpose or value of corner towers in medieval fortresses: * The corners of a medieval fortress were weak points because they were easier to attack and more difficult to defend than the rest of the walls. Not only this but, enemy combatants that reached the tops of walls at the corners were protected at the point where the walls met, making it more difficult to repulse them. Fortress corner towers were therefore constructed to make up for this vulnerability. * These towers made possible to provide enfilade Enfilade and defilade are concepts in military tactics used to describe a military formation's exposure to enemy fire. A formation or position is "in enfilade" if weapons fire can be directed along its longest axis. A unit or position is "in def ... fire against attacking forces along adjacent walls. This would oblige attackers to concentr ...
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Miandasht Caravanserai
Miandasht or Miyandasht or Mian Dasht ( fa, مياندشت) may refer to: * Buin va Miandasht, a city in Isfahan Province, Iran * Mian Dasht, Bushehr, a village in Bushehr Province, Iran * Mian Dasht, Mazandaran, a village in Mazandaran Province, Iran * Mian Dasht, Razavi Khorasan, a village in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran * Miyandasht Rural District (other), various places in Iran {{geodis ...
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Yazd
Yazd ( fa, یزد ), formerly also known as Yezd, is the capital of Yazd Province Yazd Province ( fa, استان یزد, ''Ostān-e Yazd'') is one of the 31 provinces of Iran A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman ''Roman province, provincia' ..., Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regio .... The city is located southeast of Esfahan Isfahan ( fa, اصفهان, Esfahān ), from its Achaemenid empire, ancient designation ''Aspadana'' and later ''Spahan'' in Sassanian Empire, middle Persian, rendered in English as ''Ispahan'', is a major city in Greater Isfahan Region, Isf .... At the 2016 census, the population was 1,138,533 and it is currently the 8th largest city in Iran. Sinc ...
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Castle Of Paderne
The Castle of Paderne ( pt, Castelo de Paderne) is an ancient fortification located in the freguesia, civil parish of Paderne (Albufeira), Paderne, concelho, municipality of Albufeira Municipality, Albufeira, in the Portugal, Portuguese Algarve. It was constructed in the later 12th century by Berbers, in an area around inland. The edifice is located just from the resort town of Albufeira, along a bend in the Quarteira River. It is believed to be one of the original castles that occupy the shield of the Portuguese national flag. History Around the middle of the 2nd century, the Roman conquered the Lusitanian castro, which had developed between Neolithic and Cacholithic. The settlement was transformed into a military outpost and, eventually, politico-administrative centre named ''Paderne'' or ''Paderna''.H. Catarino (1994), p.73–87 Its location on a rocky peninsular bend was of strategic importance, as it controlled the ancient Roman road ''Via Lusitanorum'' crossing the Quar ...
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Albarrana Tower
An Albarrana tower (from the Arabic word ''barrani'' = exterior) is a defensive tower detached from the curtain wall and connected to it by a bridge or an arcade. They were built by Muslims when they occupied the Iberian Peninsula between the 8th and the 15th centuries, especially from the 12th century during the Almohad dynasty and mainly in the south of Spain and Portugal where the Islamic influence was the longest. In Spanish, they are called '':es:torre albarrana, torre albarrana''. The towers of typical appearance, with a square section, were built several meters in front of the curtain wall (fortification), curtain wall. They were accessible by a bridge walkway from the curtain wall. More often, the bridge had a removable wooden section allowing the tower to be isolated from the wall if the tower is occupied by attacking forces. The earliest Albarrana towers were often pentagonal or octagonal in plan (e.g. Badajoz, Tarifa, Seville) but a more rectangular plan became the n ...
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Metz
Metz ( , , lat, Divodurum Mediomatricorum, then ) is a city in northeast France located at the confluence of the Moselle (river), Moselle and the Seille (Moselle), Seille rivers. Metz is the Prefectures in France, prefecture of the Moselle (department), Moselle Departments of France, department and the seat of the parliament of the Grand Est Regions of France, region. Located near the Tri-border area, tripoint along the junction of France, Germany and Luxembourg,Says J.M. (2010) La Moselle, une rivière européenne. Eds. Serpenoise. the city forms a central place of the European Greater Region and the SaarLorLux euroregion. Metz has a rich 3,000-year history,Bour R. (2007) Histoire de Metz, nouvelle édition. Eds. Serpenoise. having variously been a Celts, Celtic ''oppidum'', an important Gallo-Roman city,Vigneron B. (1986) Metz antique: Divodurum Mediomatricorum. Eds. Maisonneuve. the Merovingian capital of Austrasia,Huguenin A. (2011) Histoire du royaume mérovingien d' ...
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Bridge Castle
A bridge castle (german: Brückenburg) is a type of castle that was built to provide military observation and security for a river crossing. In the narrower sense it refers to castles that are built directly on or next to a bridge. Sometimes, however, castles close to a bridge are referred to as bridge castles. These fortifications were often designed as toll castles that charged river tolls and were occupied only by a guard force. In Europe several examples of bridge castles have survived, especially in the south and southeast of the continent. The bridge castle type—which is only rarely mentioned in detail in the specialist literature—is not always clearly distinguishable from the "fortified bridge". In medieval Europe, numerous river crossings were protected by tower structures and outworks. Examples The largest preserved bridge castle is the rectangular edifice of Valeggio sul Mincio (Province of Verona, North Italy). In the Late Middle Ages, Gian Galeazzo Visconti or ...
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Château De Falaise
The Château de Falaise is a castle A castle is a type of fortification, fortified structure built during the Middle Ages predominantly by the nobility or royalty and by Military order (monastic society), military orders. Scholars debate the scope of the word ''castle'', but u ... from the 12th-13th century, located in the south of the commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional community typically hold a common social, politica ... of Falaise Falaise may refer to: Places * Falaise, Ardennes, France * Falaise, Calvados, France ** The Falaise pocket was the site of a battle in the Second World War * La Falaise, in the Yvelines ''département'', France * The Falaise escarpment in Quebec Ci ... ("cliff" in French) in the ''département In the administrative divisions of France The administrative divisi ...
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Citadel Of Aleppo
The Citadel of Aleppo ( ar, قلعة حلب, Qalʿat Ḥalab) is a large medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ... fortified palace in the centre of the old city of Aleppo )), is an adjective which means "white-colored mixed with black". , motto = , image_map = , mapsize = , map_caption = , image_map1 ..., northern Syria Syria ( ar, سُورِيَا or ar, سُورِيَة, ''Sūriyā''), officially the Syrian Arab Republic ( ar, ٱلْجُمْهُورِيَّةُ ٱلْعَرَبِيَّةُ ٱلسُّورِيَّةُ, al-Jumhūrīyah al-ʻArabīyah as-S .... It is considered to be one of the oldest and largest castles in the wor ...
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Topkapı Palace
The Topkapı Palace ( tr, Topkapı Sarayı; ota, طوپقپو سرايى, Ṭopḳapu Sarāyı, lit=Cannon Gate Palace), or the Seraglio , Istanbul ) , postal_code_type = Postal code , postal_code = 34000 to 34990 , area_code = +90 212 (European side) +90 216 (Asian side) , registration_plate = 34 , blan ..., is a large museum in the east of the Fatih Fatih (), historically Constantinople la, Constantinopolis ota, قسطنطينيه , alternate_name = Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Nova Roma ("New Rome"), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse), Tsargrad (Slavs, Slavic), Qustantiniya (Arabic), ... district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by the local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or County, counties, several Municipality, municipal ... of Istanbul Istanbul ( , ; tr, İstanb ...
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