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This list of grape varieties includes cultivated
grape A grape is a fruit In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering. Fruits are the means by which angiosperms disseminate seeds. Edible fruits, in ...

grape
s, whether used for
wine Wine is an alcoholic drink typically made from Fermentation in winemaking, fermented grapes. Yeast in winemaking, Yeast consumes the sugar in the grapes and converts it to ethanol and carbon dioxide, releasing heat in the process. Different v ...

wine
, or eating as a
table grape Table grapes are grapes intended for consumption while fresh, as opposed to grapes grown for wine production, juice production, or for drying into raisins. ''Vitis vinifera'' table grapes can be in the form of either seeded or non-seeded varietal ...
, fresh or dried (
raisin A raisin is a dried grape A grape is a fruit In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering. Fruits are the means by which angiosperms disse ...

raisin
, currant, sultana). The term ''grape variety'' refers to
cultivar A cultivar is a type of plant that people have bred for desired traits, which are reproduced in each new generation by a method such as grafting, tissue culture or carefully controlled seed production. Most cultivars arise from purposeful human ...
s rather than actual botanical varieties according to the
International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants The ''International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants'' (ICNCP), also known as the Cultivated Plant Code, is a guide to the rules and regulations for naming cultigens, plants whose origin or selection is primarily due to intentional huma ...
, because they are propagated by cuttings and may have unstable reproductive properties. However, the term ''variety'' has become so entrenched in viticulture that any change to using the term ''cultivar'' instead is unlikely.


Single species grapes

While some of the grapes in this list are hybrids, they are hybridized within a single species. For those grapes hybridized across species, known as
interspecific hybrids In biology, a hybrid is the offspring resulting from combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction. Hybrids are not always intermediates between their parents (such as in b ...
, see the section on multispecies hybrid grapes below.


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Vitis vinifera ''Vitis vinifera'', the common grape vine, is a species of , native to the , , and southwestern , from and north to southern and east to northern . There are currently between of ''Vitis vinifera'' grapes though only a few are of commercial ...

Vitis vinifera
'' (wine)


Red grapes


White grapes


Rose Grapes


''Vitis vinifera'' (table)


Red table grapes

* Black Corinth * Black Monukka * Black Rose *
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* Mazzarrone * Red Corinth *
Red Globe
Red Globe
*
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*
Red Flame Red is the color at the long wavelength end of the visible spectrum of light, next to Orange (colour), orange and opposite Violet (color), violet. It has a dominant wavelength of approximately 625–740 nanometres. It is a primary color in the ...
* Richard Walden


White table grapes

* Agh Shani * Calmeria *
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*
Cotton Candy grapes
Cotton Candy grapes
* Koshu * Malingre Précoce * Mazzarrone * Moonballs * Perlette (grape), Perlette * Rozaki * Shine Muscat * Sugraone * Sultana (grape), Sultana / Thompson Seedless * Superior Seedless (Menindee Seedless) * Valvin Muscat (grape), Valvin Muscat * White Corinth


''Vitis labrusca'' (wine and table)

Many commercial varieties commonly called ''labrusca'' are actually complex interspecies hybrids.


Wine grapes

* Campbell Early * Catawba (grape), Catawba * Concord (grape), Concord * Delaware (grape), Delaware * Diamond (grape), Diamond * Fredonia(grape), Fredonia * Isabella (grape), Isabella * Ives (grape), Ives * Niagara (grape), Niagara * Noah (grape), Noah


Red table grapes

* Canadice (grape), Canadice * Christmas Rose (grape), Christmas Rose * Crimson Seedless (grape), Crimson Seedless * Einset * Emperor (grape), Emperor * Flame Seedless * Reliance Seedless (grape), Reliance Seedless * Rouge (grape), Rouge * Ruby Roman * Ruby Seedless (grape), Ruby Seedless * Swenson Red * Tudor Premium Red (grape), Tudor Premium Red * Suffolk Red * Vanessa (grape), Vanessa * Yates (grape), Yates


Purple/Pink table grapes

* Alden (grape), Alden * Autumn Royal (grape), Autumn Royal * Beauty Seedless (grape), Beauty Seedless * Bluebell (grape), Bluebell * Buffalo (grape), Buffalo * Concord (grape), Concord * Coronation (grape), Coronation * Fantasy Seedless (grape), Fantasy Seedless * Glenora (grape), Glenora * Jupiter (grape), Jupiter * Marroo Seedless (grape), Marroo * Mars (grape), Mars * Niabell (grape), Niabell * Ribier (grape), Ribier * Steuben (grape), Steuben * Van Buren (grape), Van Buren


Varied/Other

* Cassady (grape), Cassady (green) * Golden Muscat (green) * Himrod (white) * Interlaken (grape), Interlaken (white) * Lakemont (grape), Lakemont (white) * Marquis (grape), Marquis (white) * Neptune (grape), Neptune (white) * Seneca (grape), Seneca (green)


''Vitis riparia'' (wine grape rootstock and hybridization source)

* Riparia Gloire * Riparia Grand Glabre * Riparia Scribner * Riparia Martin * Riparia 89 * Americas (grape), Americas


''Vitis rotundifolia'' (table and wine)

* Big Red (grape) * Black Beauty (grape) * Black Fry * Carlos (grape) * Muscadine, Cowart * Darlene (grape) * Dixie Red * Early Fry * Fry (grape) * Granny Val * Higgins (grape) * Hunt (grape), Hunt * Hunter (grape) * Ison's * Janebell (grape) * Janet (grape) * Jumbo (grape) * Late Fry * Magnolia (grape) * Muscadine * Nesbit (grape) * International variety, Noble * Pam (grape) * Pineapple (grape) * Scarlet (grape) * Scuppernong * Southland (grape), Southland * Sugargate * Supreme (grape) * Summit (grape) * Sweet Jenny * Tara (grape) * Triumph (grape)


''Vitis rupestris''

* Rupestris St. George


''Vitis aestivalis'' (wine)

* Norton (grape), Norton / Cynthiana * Black Spanish (grape), Black Spanish


''Vitis mustangensis'' (table/wine/dyes)

* Vitis mustangensis, Mustang Grape


Multispecies hybrid grapes


Vinifera hybrids (wine)

Hybrid grape varieties (see Hybrid grapes) or "Hybrid (biology), hybrids" is, in fact, the popular term for a subset of what are properly known as ''hybrids'', specifically crossings between one species of the genus vitis and another. The scientific definition of a hybrid grape is any crossing (intra- or inter-specific) of two grape varieties. In keeping with the popular definition, however, the ones listed below are inter-specific hybrids where one parent is a European grape. Most of these are complex mixtures of three or more species and all parents are not always clearly known. * Alexander (grape), Alexander * Agawam (grape), Agawam * Aurore (grape), Aurore * Baco 22A (Baco blanc) * Baco noir (Baco 1) * Blanc du Bois * Brianna (grape), Brianna * Cabernet blanc * Cabernet Cortis * Cayuga White * Chambourcin * Chancellor (grape), Chancellor * Chardonel * Chelois * Corot noir * Couderc noir * De Chaunac * Edelweiss (grape), Edelweiss * Elvira (grape), Elvira * Esprit (grape), Esprit * Flora (grape) * Flot rouge * Frontenac (grape), Frontenac * Goethe (grape), Goethe * Herbert (grape), Herbert * Kay Gray * L'Acadie blanc * L'Ambertille * La Crescent (grape), La Crescent * La Crosse (grape), La Crosse * Léon Millot * Louise Swenson (grape), Louise Swenson * Luci Kuhlmann * Marechal Foch (grape), Marechal Foch * Marechal Joffre * Marquette (grape), Marquette * Massasoit (grape), Massasoit * Melody (grape), Melody * Merzling * Noiret * Onaka (grape), Onaka * Orion (grape), Orion * Phoenix (grape), Phoenix * Plantet * Prairie Star * Ravat blanc / Ravat 6 * Ravat noir / Ravat 262 * Rayon d'Or (grape), Rayon d'Or * Regent (grape), Regent * Rembrandt (grape), Rembrandt * Requa (grape), Requa * Rondo (grape), Rondo * Rosette (grape), Rosette * Rougeon * Royalty (grape), Royalty * Rubired * St. Croix (grape), St. Croix * St. Pepin (grape), St. Pepin * Severny (grape), Severny * Solaris (grape), Solaris * Sovereign Opal * Traminette * Triomphe d'Alsace * Valvin muscat * Vidal blanc * Vignoles (grape), Vignoles / Ravat 51 * Villard blanc * Villard noir * Zarya Severa


Vinifera hybrids (table)

* Boskoop Glory, ''
Vitis vinifera ''Vitis vinifera'', the common grape vine, is a species of , native to the , , and southwestern , from and north to southern and east to northern . There are currently between of ''Vitis vinifera'' grapes though only a few are of commercial ...

Vitis vinifera
'' x ''Vitis labrusca'' * Honey Red * Kyoho grape, Kyoho, ''Vitis vinifera'' x ''Vitis labrusca'' * Pione (grape), Pione, complex hybrid * Thomcord (grape), Thomcord, ''Vitis vinifera'' x ''Vitis labrusca''


Non-vinifera hybrids (table and wine)

* Beta (grape), Beta, ''Vitis labrusca'' X ''Vitis riparia'' * Cascade (grape), Cascade, complex hybrid * Clinton (grape), Clinton, ''Vitis labrusca'' X ''Vitis riparia'' * Bordo (grape), Bordo/Ives noir, probably ''Vitis labrusca'' X ''Vitis aestivalis'' * Jaeger 70, ''Vitis aestivalis'' and ''Vitis rupestris'' * L'Acadie blanc, complex hybrid * Landal noir, complex hybrid * Landot noir, complex hybrid * Minnesota 78, ''Vitis labrusca'' X ''Vitis riparia'' X possibly ''
Vitis vinifera ''Vitis vinifera'', the common grape vine, is a species of , native to the , , and southwestern , from and north to southern and east to northern . There are currently between of ''Vitis vinifera'' grapes though only a few are of commercial ...

Vitis vinifera
'' * Muscat bleu, complex hybrid * Seyval blanc, complex hybrid * Seyval noir, complex hybrid


Non-vinifera hybrids (rootstock)

* SO4 (grape), SO4, ''Vitis berlandieri'' Planch. X ''V. riparia'' Michx. * 5BB, ''Vitis berlandieri'' Planch. X ''V. riparia'' Michx. * 5C (grape), 5C, ''Vitis berlandieri'' Planch. X ''V. riparia'' Michx. * 110R, ''V. berlandieri'' x ''V. rupestris'' * 1616 Couderc, ''Vitis solonis'' x ''V. riparia'' * Harmony (grape), Harmony, ((V. riparia x V. labrusca) x V. vinifera) x Vitis champinii * 8909-05, ''Vitis rupestris'' ‘A. de Serres’ x ''Vitis rotundifolia'' ‘Cowart’ * 3309 C, ''V. riparia'' x ''V. rupestris''


See also

* Annual growth cycle of grapevines * International variety * Lists of cultivars * Vitis 'Ornamental Grape', a nonflowering and nonfruiting variety


Further reading

* *


Notes


References


External links


National Grape Registry
(NGR)
PlantGrape
(catalogue of vines grown in France: varieties, rootstocks, clones)
Wine varietal directory

Most common varietal wines

Grape varieties and Common Blends


{{DEFAULTSORT:Grape varieties Grape varieties, * Lists of cultivars Wine-related lists