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Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)

Sinjar
Sinjar
massacre December 2014 Sinjar
Sinjar
offensive November 2015 Sinjar
Sinjar
offensive Battle of Mosul (2016)

Syrian Civil War

2015 Al-Hawl offensive Manbij offensive[7] Raqqa campaign (2016–present)

Battle of Raqqa (2017)[8]

Website Official website

A Sinjar
Sinjar
Resistance Units fighter carries the militia's flag

The Sinjar
Sinjar
Resistance Units (Kurdish: Yekîneyên Berxwedana Şengalê‎; YBŞ), formerly called King Peacock (Arabic: Malik Al-Tawus‎), is a Yazidi
Yazidi
militia formed in Iraq
Iraq
in 2007 to protect the Yazidi
Yazidi
community in Iraq
Iraq
in the wake of attacks by Iraqi insurgents.[9] It is the second largest Yazidi
Yazidi
militia, after the Protection Force of Sinjar
Sinjar
(HPŞ).[10] However, it is much more active than the HPŞ in fighting against the Islamic State of Iraq
Iraq
and the Levant (ISIL).[10] Together with its newly founded all-women offshoot, the Êzîdxan Women's Units (YJÊ), and the formerly Peshmerga-aligned HPŞ, in October 2015 it founded the all- Yazidi
Yazidi
joint command umbrella structure Sinjar
Sinjar
Alliance. YBŞ and YJÊ consider themselves under the umbrella of the Kurdistan Communities Union
Kurdistan Communities Union
(KCK) and are operating in concert with People's Defence Forces
People's Defence Forces
(HPG) of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).[11][10] Shammar militias have also supported YBŞ. History[edit] The Sinjar
Sinjar
Resistance Units took part in the August 2014 Northern Iraq offensive, killing at least 22 Islamic State fighters and destroying five armoured vehicles in the vicinity of the Sinjar
Sinjar
Mountains.[1] Hundreds of Yazidis
Yazidis
received training from People's Protection Units (YPG) instructors at the Serimli military base in Qamishli, Syria, before being sent back to the Mount Sinjar
Sinjar
frontlines.[12] These forces were re-branded as the " Sinjar
Sinjar
Resistance Units".[13][14] Its commander Sheikh Khairy Khedr was killed in action during the October 2014 clashes in Sinjar.[15][16] There have been increased tensions between the YBŞ and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). KRG forces largely fled Mount Sinjar
Sinjar
when the Islamic State first attacked, leaving many Yazidis
Yazidis
resentful and distrustful.[17] In October 2015, the YBŞ participated in the foundation of the Sinjar Alliance as an all- Yazidi
Yazidi
joint commando umbrella structure. Besides their all-women offshoot, the Êzîdxan Women's Units
Êzîdxan Women's Units
(YJÊ), the formerly Peshmerga-aligned Protection Force of Sinjar
Sinjar
(HPŞ)[5] and other independent Yazidi
Yazidi
units committed to the united Yazidi front.[18] Under the joint command of the Sinjar
Sinjar
Alliance, the Sinjar
Sinjar
Resistance Units took part in the November 2015 Sinjar
Sinjar
offensive.[19] In 2017, the KDP-aligned media outlets claimed that around 800 members had left the YBŞ, 400 of them joined Peshmerga.[20][21] See also[edit]

December 2014 Sinjar
Sinjar
offensive Ezidkhan List of armed groups in the Iraqi Civil War Genocide of Yazidis
Yazidis
by ISIL

References[edit]

^ a b " Yazidi
Yazidi
militia claims to have killed at least 22 Islamic State militants". Haaretz. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. Malik al-Tawus is a self-defense group, believed to have been set up in 2007 to protect the Yazidi
Yazidi
community in Iraq
Iraq
against attacks by radical Islamists.  ^ http://www.rojnews.org/ku/haber/17637/pad-salvegera-rizgarkirina-sengal-proz-kir.html ^ http://www.rojnews.org/ku/haber/11394/pad-bi-ferm-ji-aliy-bexda-ve-hate-qeblkirin.html ^ http://www.kurdistan24.net/en/news/27691f1a-6b95-4173-bf99-575d43c507a0/PKK-affiliated-political-party-formed-in-Shingal- ^ a b "Yezidi forces form alliance against IS". Êzîdî Press. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.  ^ " Yazidis
Yazidis
Form Militia To Protect Sinjar
Sinjar
Mountain". Aina. 6 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.  ^ ""Manbij operation will continue until ISIS is completely expelled"". ANF News. 15 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.  ^

Turkish military operation in Afrin

"Şengal's YJŞ: heading for al-Raqqa to liberate Yazidi
Yazidi
women". Hawar News Agency. 3 July 2017.  ^ Ridolfo, Kathleen (31 May 2007). "Christian population dwindling due to threats, attacks". Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 'We have formed a troop of the brave and faithful from the Yazidi
Yazidi
clan called the Malik Al-Tawus [King Peacock] troop'  ^ a b c Paraszczuk, Joanna (11 June 2015). " Yazidi
Yazidi
militias fight IS in Iraq, amid Kurdish rivalries". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 26 October 2015.  ^ "On patrol with the Sinjar
Sinjar
Resistance Units". Reuters. Retrieved 1 December 2016.  ^ "Kurdish militants train hundreds of Yazidis
Yazidis
to fight Islamic State". Aina. 17 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.  ^ Khalel, Sheren; Vickery, Matthew (23 February 2015). " Yazidis
Yazidis
battle ISIL: Disaster 'made us stronger'". Al Jazeera English.  ^ "IS-Terror in Shingal: Wer kämpft gegen wen? Ein Überblick". Êzidî Press. 12 October 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.  ^ Su, Alice (November 4, 2014). "No Escape From Sinjar
Sinjar
Mountain". Foreign Policy. Retrieved November 16, 2016.  ^ "Iraqi journalists flee as ISIS closes in". The News Minute. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014.  ^ Krohn, Jonathan; Spencer, Richard. " Yazidi
Yazidi
leader 'arrested by Kurdish authorities'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 16 August 2015.  ^ "Independent Yezidi units join Shingal alliance". Êzîdî Press. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.  ^ "Shingal: KurdInnen starten mit vereinten Kräften Großoffensive gegen IS". Kurdische Nachrichten (in German). 12 November 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.  ^ "400 Ezidis finish 3-month Peshmerga
Peshmerga
military training". Kurdistan24. 14 July 2017. Retrieved 23 July 2017.  ^ "800 fighters left PKK in Shingal, joined Peshmerga: Ezidi Commander". 30 April 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2017. 

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