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Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)

* Sinjarmassacre * December 2014 Sinjaroffensive * November 2015 Sinjaroffensive * Battle of Mosul (2016)

Syrian Civil War

* 2015 Al-Hawl offensive * Manbij offensive

WEBSITE Official website

A SinjarResistance Units fighter carries the militia's flag

The SINJAR RESISTANCE UNITS (Kurdish : _YEKîNEYêN BERXWEDANA ŞENGALê_‎; _YBŞ_), formerly called KING PEACOCK (Arabic : Malik Al-Tawus ‎‎), is a non-political Yazidimilitia formed in Iraqin 2007 to protect the Yazidicommunity in Iraqin the wake of attacks by Iraqi insurgents . It is the second largest Yazidimilitia, after the Protection Force of Sinjar(HPŞ). However, it is much more active than the HPŞ in fighting against the Islamic State of Iraqand the Levant (ISIL).

Together with its newly founded all-women offshoot, the Êzidxan Women\'s Units (YJÊ), and the formerly Peshmerga-aligned HPŞ, in October 2015 it founded the all- Yazidijoint commando umbrella structure SinjarAlliance . YBŞ and YJÊ consider themselves under the umbrella of the Kurdistan Communities Union(KCK) and are operating in concert with People\'s Defence Forces (HPG) of the Kurdistan Workers\' Party (PKK). Shammarmilitias have also supported YBS.

HISTORY

The SinjarResistance Units took part in the August 2014 Northern Iraqoffensive , killing at least 22 Islamic State fighters and destroying five armoured vehicles in the vicinity of the Sinjar Mountains .

Hundreds of Yazidisreceived training from People\'s Protection Units (YPG) instructors at the Serimli military base in Qamishli, Syria, before being sent back to the Mount Sinjarfrontlines. These forces were re-branded as the " SinjarResistance Units".

Its commander Sheikh Khairy Khedrwas killed in action during the October 2014 clashes in Sinjar.

There have been increased tensions between the YBS and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). KRG forces largely fled Mount Sinjarwhen the Islamic State first attacked , leaving many Yazidisresentful and distrustful.

In October 2015, the YBŞ participated in the foundation of the SinjarAlliance as an all- Yazidijoint commando umbrella structure. Besides their all-women offshoot, the Êzidxan Women's Units(YJÊ), the formerly Peshmerga-aligned Protection Force of Sinjar(HPŞ) and other independent Yazidiunits committed to the united Yazidifront.

Under the joint command of the SinjarAlliance, the SinjarResistance Units took part in the November 2015 Sinjaroffensive .

SEE ALSO

* December 2014 Sinjaroffensive * Ezidkhan * List of armed groups in the Iraqi Civil War * Yazidigenocide

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ " Yazidimilitia claims to have killed at least 22 Islamic State militants". _Haaretz_. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. Malik al-Tawus is a self-defense group, believed to have been set up in 2007 to protect the Yazidicommunity in Iraq against attacks by radical Islamists. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Yezidi forces form alliance against IS". _Êzîdî Press _. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015. * ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Os081fwXmbw * ^ ""Manbij operation will continue until ISIS is completely expelled"". ANF News. 15 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016. * ^ Ridolfo, Kathleen (31 May 2007). "Christian population dwindling due to threats, attacks". _Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty_. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 'We have formed a troop of the brave and faithful from the Yazidiclan called the Malik Al-Tawus troop' * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Paraszczuk, Joanna (11 June 2015). " Yazidimilitias fight IS in Iraq, amid Kurdish rivalries". _Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty_. Retrieved 26 October 2015. * ^ "On patrol with the SinjarResistance Units". Reuters. Retrieved 1 December 2016. * ^ "Kurdish militants train hundreds of Yazidisto fight Islamic State". _Aina_. 17 August 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. * ^ Khalel, Sheren; Vickery, Matthew (23 February 2015). "Yazidis battle ISIL: Disaster ‘made us stronger’". _ Al Jazeera English_. * ^ "IS-Terror in Shingal: Wer kämpft gegen wen? Ein Überblick". _Êzidî Press_. 12 October 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014. * ^ "Iraqi journalists flee as ISIS closes in". 24 October 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. * ^ Krohn, Jonathan; Spencer, Richard. " Yazidileader \'arrested by Kurdish authorities\'". _The Telegraph_. Retrieved 16 August 2015. * ^ "Independent Yezidi units join Shingal alliance". _Êzîdî Press_. 31 October 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015. * ^ "Shingal: KurdInnen starten mit vereinten Kräften Großoffensive gegen IS". _Kurdische Nachrichten_ (in German). 12 November 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2015.

* v * t * e

Armed groups in the Iraq Warand the Iraqi Civil War

IRAQI GOVERNMENT

* Iraqi Armed Forces

* Iraqi Army * Iraqi Air Force

* Iraqi Police

* Iraqi PoliceService * National Police * Supporting Forces

* Facilities Protection Service

BA\\'ATHISTS

* Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order * Fedayeen Saddam * General Military Council for Iraqi Revolutionaries * Al-Awda * General Command of the Armed Forces, Resistance and Liberation in Iraq * Popular Army * New Return * Patriotic Front * Political Media Organ of the Ba'ath Party * Popular Resistance for the Liberation of Iraq * Al-Abud Network

Militias and others

SHIA ISLAMIC MILITIAS

* Mahdi Army * Abu Deraa's Mahdi Armyfaction * Badr Organization * Sheibani Network * Soldiers of Heaven

* Special Groups (Iraq)

* Asa\'ib Ahl al-Haq * Promised Day Brigade * Kata\'ib Hezbollah

SUNNI ISLAMIC MILITIAS

* Awakening groups * 1920 Revolution Brigade * Jaish al-Rashideen * Islamic Army in Iraq * Islamic Front for the Iraqi Resistance * Hamas of Iraq

KURDISH MILITIAS

* Peshmerga * Kurdistan Workers\' Party * Kurdistan Freedom Falcons * Party of Free Life of Kurdistan

TURKMEN MILITIAS

* Iraqi Turkmen Front * 16Brigade * 52nd Brigade * 92nd Brigade * Brigade of Imam Hussein * Sayyid al-Shuhada * Bashir Regiment

ASSYRIAN MILITIAS

* Qaraqosh Protection Committee * Nineveh Plain Forces * Nineveh Plain Protection Units * Dwekh Nawsha * Syriac Military Council * Kataib Rouh Allah Issa Ibn Miriam

YAZIDI MILITIAS

* SinjarAlliance : SinjarResistance Units, Êzîdxan Protection Force , Êzîdxan Women\'s Units

INSURGENTS

NATIONALIST SALAFIS

* Mujahideen Army * Mujahideen Battalions of the Salafi Group of Iraq * Islamic Salafist Boy Scout Battalions * Mohammad\'s Army

SALAFI JIHADISTS

* Ansar al-Islam * Black Banner Organization * Abu Theeb's group * Jaish Abi Baker's group * Jamaat Ansar al-Sunna

* Islamic State of Iraqand the Levant

* Mujahideen Shura Council * Tanzim Qaidat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn * Jama\'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad

* Wakefulness and Holy War

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