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The Société Astronomique de France
France
(SAF), the French astronomical society, is a non-profit association in the public interest organized under French law (la loi du 1er juillet 1901). Founded by astronomer Camille Flammarion
Camille Flammarion
in 1887, its purpose is to promote the development and practice of astronomy.

Contents

1 Objective 2 History 3 Presidents

3.1 Gallery of Selected SAF Presidents

4 Activities and services 5 Commissions 6 Awards 7 Asteroid (4162) SAF 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

10.1 Web sites of SAF commissions

Objective[edit] Open to all, SAF includes both professional and amateur astronomers as members, from France
France
and abroad.[1] Its objective was defined at the time of its establishment as:

Objective of the Society A Society is founded with the aim to bring together people involved practically or theoretically in Astronomy, or who are interested in the development of this Science and the extension of its influence for the illumination of minds. Its efforts shall support the increase and extension of this Science, as well as to facilitating ways and means for those who wish to undertake astronomical studies. All friends of the Science and Progress are invited for its composition and development. — SAF Statutes, First Article [2]

History[edit]

Camille Flammarion, SAF's founder

SAF was established by Camille Flammarion
Camille Flammarion
and a group of 11 persons on 28 January 1887 in Flammarion's apartment at 16 rue Cassini, 75014 Paris, close to the Paris Observatory.[3] On 4 April 1887, the headquarters was established at the Hôtel des Sociétés Savantes, 28 rue Serpente, Paris 75006. On 17 October 1966, the headquarters moved to the Maison de la Chimie
Maison de la Chimie
at 28 rue Saint-Dominique, Paris 75007.[4][5] Since 1974, the headquarters has been located at 3, rue Beethoven, Paris 75016.[6] Presidents[edit] To date, the Society has had 49 presidents comprising many illustrious persons in astronomy and related fields.[1] By profession, half of the presidents were astronomers (28), followed by physicists (11), and other professions (10) that includes engineers, a medical doctor, two generals, a prince, a writer, and an historian.

Name Profession Years served

Camille Flammarion SAF Founder, astronomer, author 1887-1889[7]

Hervé Faye Astronomer 1889-1891[7]

Anatole Bouquet de la Grye Hydrographic engineer, geographer, astronomer 1892-1893[7]

Félix Tisserand Astronomer 1893-1895[7]

Jules Janssen Astronomer 1895-1897[7]

Alfred Cornu Physicist 1897-1899[7]

Octave Callandreau Physicist 1899-1901[7]

Henri Poincaré Mathematician, theoretical physicist, engineer, philosopher of science 1901-1903[7]

Gabriel Lippmann Physicist, inventor 1903-1904[7]

Chrétien Édouard Caspari Astronomer, hydrographic engineer 1905-1907[7]

Henri-Alexandre Deslandres Astronomer 1907-1909[7]

Benjamin Baillaud Astronomer 1909-1911[7]

Pierre Puiseux Astronomer 1911-1913[7]

Aymar de la Baume Pluvinel Astronomer 1913-1919[8]

Paul Émile Appell Mathematician 1919-1921[8]

Roland Bonaparte French prince, President of the Société de Géographie 1921-1923[8]

Charles Lallemand Geophysicist 1923-1925[8]

Gustave-Auguste Ferrié Radio pioneer, Army general 1925-1927[8]

Eugène Fichot Hydrographer 1927-1929[8]

Georges Perrier Army general, President of the Société de Géographie 1929-1931[8]

Charles Fabry Physicist 1931-1933[8]

Ernest Esclangon Astronomer, mathematician 1933-1935[8]

Jules Baillaud Astronomer 1935-1937[8]

Charles Maurain Geophysicist 1937-1939[9]

Fernand Baldet Astronomer 1939-1945[10]

Bernard Lyot Astronomer 1945-1947

André-Louis Danjon Astronomer 1947-1949[11]

Lucien d'Azambuja Astronomer 1949-1951[12]

Jean Cabannes Physicist 1951-1953

Pierre Chevenard Mining engineer 1953-1955

André Couder Astronomer, optical engineer 1955-1957

Albert Pérard Physicist, meteorologist 1957-1958[13]

Jean Coulomb Geophysicist, mathematician 1958-1960

André Lallemand Astronomer 1960-1962

André-Louis Danjon Astronomer 1962-1964[11]

Pierre Tardi Astronomer 1964-1966

Jean Rösch Astronomer 1966-1970

Jean Kovalevsky Astronomer 1970-1973

Jean-Claude Pecker Astronomer 1973-1976

Bruno Morando Astronomer 1976-1979

Audouin Dollfus Astronomer 1979-1981

Jacques Boulon Astronomer 1981-1984

Paul Simon Astronomer 1984-1987

Philippe de la Cotardière Writer, science journalist 1987-1993

Jean-Claude Ribes Radioastronomer 1993-1997

Roger Ferlet Astrophysicist 1997-2001

Patrick Guibert Engineer 2001-2005

Philippe Morel Medical doctor 2005-2014

Patrick Baradeau Historian, publisher 2014–Present

Gallery of Selected SAF Presidents[edit]

No. 1 — Camille Flammarion

No. 2 — Hervé Faye

No. 3 — Anatole Bouquet de la Grye

No. 4 — Félix Tisserand

No. 5 — Jules Janssen

No. 6 — Alfred Cornu

No. 7 — Octave Callandreau

No. 8 — Henri Poincaré

No. 9 — Gabriel Lippmann

No. 10 — Chrétien Édouard Caspari

No. 11 — Henri-Alexandre Deslandres

No. 12 — Benjamin Baillaud

No. 13 — Pierre Puiseux

No. 14 — Aymar de la Baume Pluvinel

No. 15 — Paul Émile Appell

No. 16 — Roland Bonaparte

No. 17 — Charles Lallemand

No. 18 — Gustave-Auguste Ferrié

No. 19 — Eugène Fichot

No. 20 — Georges Perrier

No. 21 — Charles Fabry

No. 22 — Ernest Esclangon

No. 33 — Jean Coulomb

Activities and services[edit] The Society publishes:

The monthly magazine L'Astronomie. The periodical Observations et Travaux[14] dedicated to the techniques applied by its members and the results they obtained.

SAF organizes:

Monthly conferences Lectures Courses of initiation in astronomy Regular meetings of its specialized commissions. Rencontres AstroCiel, an annual astronomical gathering every August at which astronomy enthusiasts come together for two weeks of nighttime observations in Valdrôme
Valdrôme
( Drôme
Drôme
department) in southeastern France, at 1,400 meters altitude.[15]

Astronomy Tower of the Sorbonne Camille Flammarion
Camille Flammarion
Observatory

The monthly conferences are usually convened in the lecture hall of Télécom ParisTech, and the other events are held at SAF headquarters in the 16th arrondissement of Paris. On a regular basis, SAF offers the opportunity for the public to explore the night sky from its two observatories:

The Astronomy Tower of the Sorbonne
Astronomy Tower of the Sorbonne
in the 5th arrondissement of Paris. The Camille Flammarion
Camille Flammarion
Observatory in Juvisy-sur-Orge.

The Society has a workshop on optics that also meets at the Observatoire de la Sorbonne. The Society also has an extensive library that includes both historical and modern works, and is available for research and consultation to members and non-members.[16] Commissions[edit] SAF's specialized commissions are:

Comets Cosmology Double stars History Instruments Meteors, meteorites and impacts Night skies Planetary observations Planetology Radioastronomy Sundials Sun

Awards[edit] The society has offered the following awards over the years to its members and to notable personalities in the field of astronomy in France
France
and abroad. Not all awards are given every year, and some have been discontinued.

Award Purpose Frequency Years given

Prix Jules Janssen Recognition of astronomical work in general, or services rendered to Astronomy, by a professional — Prize established by Jules Janssen Annual 1896–present[17]

Prix des Dames Recognition of services rendered to the Society of any kind — Prize established at the initiative of Sylvie Camille Flammarion
Camille Flammarion
and a group of women members of SAF Annual 1896–present[17]

Prix Maurice Ballot Recognition of authors of works of the Society's observatory — Biannual prize established by a donation of Maurice Ballot, SAF Librarian[18] When merited 1921-[17]

Prix Georges Bidault de l'Isle Encouragement of young people who show a special talent for astronomy or meteorology. Individuals are chosen from participants at courses and conferences, collaboration at the Observatory, or through communications in the bulletin during the preceding year — Prior to 1956, this award was known as the Prix de l'Observatoire de la Guette[19] Annual 1925-[17]

Prix Henry Rey Recognition of an important work in astronomy. A silver medal is awarded annually. — Established by funds bequeathed by Henry Rey of Marseille[18] Annual 1926–present[17]

Prix Gabrielle et Camille Flammarion Recognition of an important discovery and marked progress in astronomy or in a sister science, to aid an independent researcher, or to assist a young researcher to begin work in astronomy. Odd-numbered years, alternating with the Prix Dorothea Klumpke-Isaac Roberts 1930–present[20]

Prix Dorothea Klumpke
Dorothea Klumpke
- Isaac Roberts Encouragement of the study of the wide and diffuse nebulae of William Herschel, the obscure objects of Barnard, or the cosmic clouds of R.P. Hagen.— Biannual prize established by a donation of Dorothea Klumpke Roberts in honor of her late husband Isaac Roberts[18] Biennial 1931-[17]

Prix Marcel Moye Recognition of a young member of the Society for his or her observations — Individuals must be 25 years of age or less Annual 1946 -[17]

Prix Marius Jacquemetton Recognition of a work or research by a member of the Society, a student, or a young astronomer. Annual 1947-present[17]

Prix Viennet - Damien Recognition of a beautiful piece of optics or for some work in this branch of astronomy. Alternate years with the Prix Dorothea Klumpke-Isaac Roberts. 1949-[17]

Prix Julien Saget Recognition of an amateur for his or her remarkable astronomical photography. Annual 1969- present[17]

Prix Edmond Girard Encouragement for a beginning vocation in astronomy or scientific exploration of the sky above the Observatoire de Juvisy. Annual 1974-[17]

Prix Camus - Waitz — Named in honor of Jacques Camus and Michel Waitz

- present

Prix Marguerite Clerc The condition of attribution of this prize is left to the discretion of the SAF Council.[21]

Prix d'Astronautique Recognition of a study of interplanetary travel/astronautics — Prize established by Robert Esnault-Pelterie
Robert Esnault-Pelterie
and André-Louis Hirsch. Prior to 1936, it was known as the Prix Rep-Hirsch When merited 1928-1939[17][22]

Médaille des Anciens Présidents

Médaille Commémorative

Annual 1901-[17]

Médaille du Soixantenaire Recognition of members who achieve 60 continuous years of membership When merited - present

Plaquette du Centenaire de Camille Flammarion Recognition of eminent service to the Society Annual 1956-[23]

Asteroid (4162) SAF[edit] French astronomer André Patry of the Observatoire de Nice
Observatoire de Nice
named Asteroid (4162) SAF in the society's honor after he discovered the body on 24 November 1940.[24] See also[edit] List of astronomical societies References[edit]

^ a b Ferlet R. (2003) "The Société Astronomique de France
France
in the Astronomical Landscape: Evolution and Prospects." In: Organizations and Strategies in Astronomy. Astrophysics and Space Science Library, vol 296. Springer, Dordrecht. ^ L'Astronomie, revue mensuelle d'astronomie populaire, 1888, 1. ^ Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France, 1937, pp. 2-6 ^ Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France, 1900, p. 1. ^ Astronomie et Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France, 1966, volume 80, p. 284. ^ L'Astronomie, Vol. 89, p.388. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France, 1911, vol. 25, pp. 581-586 ^ a b c d e f g h i j Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France, November 1937, plates X-IX ^ Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France, January-February-March 1945, i. ^ Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France, January 1939, 301. ^ a b Fehrenbach, C. “Un grand astronome : André Danjon.” L'Astronomie, 1967, Vol. 81, p. 328. ^ Rösch, J. ,“Lucien d'Azambuja (1884 1970).” Solar Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 2, pp. 261-264. ^ De Broglie, L. “Notice historique sur Albert Pérard.” 11 December 1967, Institut de France, Académie des sciences. ^ Bibliothèque nationale de France
France
catalogue entry ^ “Le grand rendez-vous des passionnés de l’astronomie,” ledauphine.com (online), published 16 August 2014, consulted 25 March 2018. ^ “Fonds de la Société astronomique de France
France
(SAF)”, Réseau national des Bibliothèques de Mathématiques (online). Published 8 November 2017, consulted 25 March 2018. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m l'Astronomie, Vol. 93, 1979, pp. 543-546. ^ a b c Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France, 1937, unpaginated, first after p. 611 ^ l'Astronomie, 1957, Vol. 71, pp. 446-447. ^ L'Astronomie, 1979, vol. 93, p. 543. ^ l'Astronomie, Vol. 111, 1997, p. 23. ^ Bulletin de la Société astronomique de France, January 1928, pp. 347-348. ^ L'Astronomie, 1971, Vol. 85, p.179 ^ Minor Planet Center

External links[edit]

Official website

Web sites of SAF commissions[edit]

Cosmology Double stars Instruments Planetary observations Sundials

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 128588569 LCCN: n85082209 ISNI: 0000 0000 8843 2190 GND: 38554-2 SUDOC: 026557568 BNF:

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