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Myrmicinae is a subfamily of ants, with about 140 extant genera; their distribution is cosmopolitan distribution, cosmopolitan. The pupae lack Pupa#Cocoon, cocoons. Some species retain a functional Stinger (organ), sting. The Petiole (insect), petioles of Myrmicinae consist of two nodes. The nests are permanent and in soil, rotting wood, under stones, or in trees.Goulet, H & Huber, JT (eds.) (1993) Hymenoptera of the world: an identification guide to families. Agriculture Canada. p. 224


Identification

Myrmicine worker ants have a distinct Petiole (insect anatomy), postpetiole, i.e., abdominal segment III is notably smaller than segment IV and set off from it by a well-developed constriction; the pronotum is inflexibly fused to the rest of the mesosoma, such that the promesonotal suture is weakly impressed or absent, and a functional sting is usually present. The Clypeus (arthropod anatomy), clypeus is well-developed; as a result, the Antenna (biology), antennal sockets are well separated from the anterior margin of the head. Most myrmicine genera possess well-developed eyes and frontal lobes that partly conceal the antennal insertions.


Tribes

Recently, the number of tribes was reduced from 25 to six: *Attini Smith, 1858 *Crematogastrini Forel, 1893 *Myrmicini Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 *Pogonomyrmecini Ward, Brady, Fisher & Schultz, 2015 *Solenopsidini Forel, 1893 *Stenammini Ashmead, 1905


Genera

In 2014, a majority of genera were placed into different tribes or moved to other subfamilies. Below is an updated list: *Attini Smith, 1858 **''Acanthognathus'' Mayr, 1887 **''Acromyrmex'' Mayr, 1865 **''Allomerus'' Mayr, 1878 **''Apterostigma'' Mayr, 1865 **''Atta (genus), Atta'' Fabricius, 1804 **†''Attaichnus'' Laza, 1982 **''Basiceros'' Schulz, 1906 **''Blepharidatta'' Wheeler, 1915 **''Cephalotes'' Latreille, 1802 **''Chimaeridris'' Wilson, 1989 **''Colobostruma'' Wheeler, 1927 **''Cyatta'' Sosa-Calvo ''et al.'', 2013 **''Cyphomyrmex'' Mayr, 1862 **''Daceton'' Perty, 1833 **''Diaphoromyrma'' Fernández, Delabie & Nascimento, 2009 **''Epopostruma'' Forel, 1895 **''Eurhopalothrix'' Brown & Kempf, 1961 **''Ishakidris'' Bolton, 1984 **''Kalathomyrmex'' Klingenberg & Brandão, 2009 **''Lachnomyrmex'' Wheeler, 1910 **''Lenomyrmex'' Fernández & Palacio, 1999 **''Mesostruma'' Brown, 1948 **''Microdaceton'' Santschi, 1913 **''Mycetagroicus'' Brandão & Mayhé-Nunes, 2001 **''Mycetarotes'' Emery, 1913 **''Mycetophylax'' Emery, 1913 **''Mycetosoritis'' Wheeler, 1907 **''Mycocepurus'' Forel, 1893 **''Myrmicocrypta'' Smith, 1860 **''Ochetomyrmex'' Mayr, 1878 **''Octostruma'' Forel, 1912 **''Orectognathus'' Smith, 1853 **''Paramycetophylax'' Kusnezov, 1956 **''Phalacromyrmex'' Kempf, 1960 **''Pheidole'' Westwood, 1839 **''Pilotrochus'' Brown, 1978 **''Procryptocerus'' Emery, 1887 **''Protalaridris'' Brown, 1980 **''Pseudoatta'' Gallardo, 1916 **''Rhopalothrix'' Mayr, 1870 **''Sericomyrmex'' Mayr, 1865 **''Strumigenys'' Smith, 1860 **''Talaridris'' Weber, 1941 **''Trachymyrmex'' Forel, 1893 **''Tranopelta'' Mayr, 1866 **''Wasmannia'' Forel, 1893 *Crematogastrini Forel, 1893 **''Acanthomyrmex'' Emery, 1893 **''Adlerzia'' Forel, 1902 **''Ancyridris'' Wheeler, 1935 **''Atopomyrmex'' André, 1889 **''Calyptomyrmex'' Emery, 1887 **''Cardiocondyla'' Emery, 1869 **''Carebara'' Westwood, 1840 **''Cataulacus'' Smith, 1853 **''Crematogaster'' Lund, 1831 **''Cyphoidris'' Weber, 1952 **''Dacatria'' Rigato, 1994 **''Dacetinops'' Brown & Wilson, 1957 **''Dicroaspis'' Emery, 1908 **''Dilobocondyla'' Santschi, 1910 **''Diplomorium'' Mayr, 1901 **†''Enneamerus'' Mayr, 1868 **†''Eocenomyrma'' Dlussky & Radchenko, 2006 **''Eutetramorium'' Emery, 1899 **''Formicoxenus'' Mayr, 1855 **''Formosimyrma'' Terayama, 2009 **''Gauromyrmex'' Menozzi, 1933 **''Gaoligongidris'' Xu, 2012 **''Harpagoxenus'' Forel, 1893 **''Huberia'' Forel, 1890 **†''Hypopomyrmex'' Emery, 1891 **''Indomyrma'' Brown, 1986 **''Kartidris'' Bolton, 1991 **''Lasiomyrma'' Terayama & Yamane, 2000 **''Leptothorax'' Mayr, 1855 **''Liomyrmex'' Mayr, 1865 **†''Lonchomyrmex'' Mayr, 1867 **''Lophomyrmex'' Emery, 1892 **''Lordomyrma'' Emery, 1897 **''Malagidris'' Bolton & Fisher, 2014 **''Mayriella'' Forel, 1902 **''Melissotarsus'' Emery, 1877 **''Meranoplus'' Smith, 1853 **''Metapone'' Forel, 1911 **''Myrmecina'' Curtis, 1829 **''Myrmisaraka'' Bolton & Fisher, 2014 **''Nesomyrmex'' Wheeler, 1910 **''Ocymyrmex'' Emery, 1886 **†''Oxyidris'' Wilson, 1985 **†''Parameranoplus'' Wheeler, 1915 **''Paratopula'' Wheeler, 1919 **''Perissomyrmex'' Smith, 1947 **''Peronomyrmex'' Viehmeyer, 1922 **''Podomyrma'' Smith, 1859 **''Poecilomyrma'' Mann, 1921 **''Pristomyrmex'' Mayr, 1866 **''Proatta'' Forel, 1912 **''Propodilobus'' Branstetter, 2009 **''Recurvidris'' Bolton, 1992 **''Rhopalomastix'' Forel, 1900 **''Romblonella'' Wheeler, 1935 **''Rostromyrmex'' Rosciszewski, 1994 **''Rotastruma'' Bolton, 1991 **''Royidris'' Bolton & Fisher, 2014 **''Secostruma'' Bolton, 1988 **''Stereomyrmex'' Emery, 1901 **†''Stigmomyrmex'' Mayr, 1868 **†''Stiphromyrmex'' Wheeler, 1915 **''Strongylognathus'' Mayr, 1853 **''Temnothorax'' Mayr, 1861 **''Terataner'' Emery, 1912 **''Tetheamyrma'' Bolton, 1991 **''Tetramorium'' Mayr, 1855 **''Trichomyrmex'' Mayr, 1865 **''Vitsika'' Bolton & Fisher, 2014 **''Vollenhovia'' Mayr, 1865 **''Vombisidris'' Bolton, 1991 **''Xenomyrmex'' Forel, 1885 *Myrmicini Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 **''Manica (genus), Manica'' Jurine, 1807 **''Myrmica'' Latreille, 1804 **†''Plesiomyrmex'' Dlussky & Radchenko, 2009 **†''Protomyrmica'' Dlussky & Radchenko, 2009 *Pogonomyrmecini Ward, Brady, Fisher & Schultz, 2014 **''Hylomyrma'' Forel, 1912 **''Pogonomyrmex'' Mayr, 1868 *Solenopsidini Forel, 1893 **''Adelomyrmex'' Emery, 1897 **''Anillomyrma'' Emery, 1913 **''Austromorium'' Shattuck, 2009 **''Baracidris'' Bolton, 1981 **''Bariamyrma'' Lattke, 1990 **''Bondroitia'' Forel, 1911 **''Cryptomyrmex'' Fernández, 2004 **''Dolopomyrmex'' Cover & Deyrup, 2007 **''Epelysidris'' Bolton, 1987 **''Kempfidris'' Fernández, Feitosa & Lattke, 2014 **''Megalomyrmex'' Forel, 1885 **''Monomorium'' Mayr, 1855 **''Myrmicaria'' Saunders, 1842 **''Oxyepoecus'' Santschi, 1926 **''Rogeria (genus), Rogeria'' Emery, 1894 **''Solenopsis (ant), Solenopsis'' Westwood, 1840 **''Stegomyrmex'' Emery, 1912 **''Syllophopsis'' Santschi, 1915 **''Tropidomyrmex'' Silva, Feitosa, Brandão & Diniz, 2009 **''Tyrannomyrmex'' Fernández, 2003 *Stenammini Ashmead, 1905 **''Aphaenogaster'' Mayr, 1853 **''Goniomma'' Emery, 1895 **''Messor'' Forel, 1890 **''Novomessor'' Emery, 1915 **''Oxyopomyrmex'' André, 1881 **†''Paraphaenogaster'' Dlussky, 1981 **''Stenamma'' Westwood, 1839 **''Veromessor'' Forel, 1917 *''incertae sedis'' **†''Afromyrma'' Dlussky, Brothers & Rasnitsyn, 2004 **†''Agastomyrma'' Dlussky, Rasnitsyn & Perfilieva, 2015 **†''Bilobomyrma'' Radchenko & Dlussky, 2013 **†''Biamomyrma'' Dlussky, Rasnitsyn & Perfilieva, 2015 **†''Boltonidris'' Radchenko & Dlussky, 2012 **†''Brachytarsites'' Hong, 2002 **†''Cephalomyrmex'' Carpenter, 1930 **†''Clavipetiola'' Hong, 2002 **†''Electromyrmex'' Wheeler, 1910 **†''Eocenidris'' Wilson, 1985 **†''Eomyrmex'' Hong, 1974 **†''Fallomyrma'' Dlussky & Radchenko, 2006 **†''Fushunomyrmex'' Hong, 2002 **†''Ilemomyrmex'' Wilson, 1985 **†''Miosolenopsis'' Zhang, 1989 **†''Myrmecites'' Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 **†''Orbigastrula'' Hong, 2002 **†''Quadrulicapito'' Hong, 2002 **†''Quineangulicapito'' Hong, 2002 **†''Sinomyrmex'' Hong, 2002 **†''Solenopsites'' Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 **†''Sphaerogasterites'' Hong, 2002 **†''Wumyrmex'' Hong, 2002 **†''Zhangidris'' Bolton, 2003


References

*


External links

* * {{Taxonbar, from=Q1060265 Myrmicinae, Ant subfamilies Turonian first appearances Extant Late Cretaceous first appearances