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100 Famous Japanese Mountains
100 Famous Japanese Mountains
(日本百名山, Nihon Hyaku-meizan) is a book composed in 1964 by mountaineer and author Kyūya Fukada.[1] The list became famous when Crown Prince
Crown Prince
Naruhito took note of it[citation needed]. The list has been the topic of NHK
NHK
documentaries, and other hiking books. The complete list (sorted into regions from northeast to southwest) is below.

Contents

1 History 2 Assessment 3 Selection criteria 4 List by region

4.1 Hokkaidō 4.2 Tōhoku region 4.3 Kantō region 4.4 Chūbu region 4.5 Western Japan

5 Notes 6 See also 7 External links

History[edit] The selection of celebrated mountains had been done since the Edo period. Tani Bunchō
Tani Bunchō
praised 90 mountains as celebrated mountains in 日本名山図会 (A collection of maps and pictures of famous Japanese mountains), but among these were included such small mountains as Mount Asama
Mount Asama
in Ise, Mie
Ise, Mie
and Mount Nokogiri on the Boso Peninsula. Unsatisfied with this selection, Fukuda, who had climbed many mountains in Japan, selected 100 celebrated Japanese mountains based on a combination of grace, history, and individuality, moreover excluding mountains with an altitude of less than 1,500 m (4,921 ft). Though it was at first unknown other than to some hiking-lovers and avid readers, reports that the list was one of the Prince's favorite books increased its profile. The Crown Prince
Crown Prince
is a mountain enthusiast to the extent that he has even belonged to an alpine club, and it has been reported that it is a dream of his to reach the summit of every mountain on the list. Since the 1980s, there has been a climbing boom amongst the middle-aged. It is not rock climbing that has been popularised, but rather hiking or trekking.[clarification needed] However, due to the creation of more mountain lodges and trails, and the improvement of mountaineering technology, it became possible to climb mountains which had previously been considered very rugged. The list became widely read, and people who choose mountains from the book to climb have increased. In imitation of Prince Naruhito, many people have also set the goal of reaching every summit on the list. Mountaineering
Mountaineering
programs on NHK
NHK
helped popularize the list. The station televised a documentary about taking up the mountains on the list one by one, and Rambō Minami's mountaineering primer for the middle-aged. These gained wide popularity, and the list became widely known. Since then, lists of 200 and 300 mountains, lists of hundreds of mountains in various localities, and a list of 100 floral mountains have appeared. In 2002, a new record traversing all of the mountains in 66 days was established.[citation needed] This was superseded in 2007, with a new record of 48 continuous days.[citation needed] English translation by Martin Hood is published as One Hundred Mountains of Japan ( University of Hawaii Press 2014). Assessment[edit] Compared to other modern essays on Japanese mountains such as Mountaineering
Mountaineering
and Exploration in the Japanese Alps by Walter Weston, the book is short. Fukuda writes about the history of the mountains, especially the origins of their names. It is not a text that people can read to vicariously experience climbing or nature. Some think that the reason the list has been widely well received is that it put into focus 100 mountains which were already well known. Selection criteria[edit] Fukada selected 100 mountains from those which are 1,500 meter or higher and he had climbed up ever, according three criteria: grace, history and individuality. He softened the altitude limit on some exceptions, like Mount Tsukuba
Mount Tsukuba
and Mount Kaimon. There have been many varying opinions about the criteria for selection. It is often pointed out that the list emphasises mountains in the Chūbu region. It has been reported that Fukada, who was from Ishikawa Prefecture, was brought up looking at Mt. Haku, but he only selected 13 further west. However, grace and individuality are in the eye of the beholder, and throughout history, many legends have been circulated about mountains throughout the Kinki region. Moreover, many mountain-lovers[who?] have argued that since Mount Tsukuba, with an altitude of 877 meters (876 at the time), was selected, certain mountains in other localities should have been selected. List by region[edit] Hokkaidō[edit]

Mount Daisetsu
Mount Daisetsu
- 2,191m

Akan Volcanic Complex
Akan Volcanic Complex
(阿寒岳) Daisetsuzan Volcanic Group
Daisetsuzan Volcanic Group
(大雪山) Mount Poroshiri
Mount Poroshiri
(幌尻岳) Mount Rausu
Mount Rausu
(羅臼岳) Mount Rishiri
Mount Rishiri
(利尻岳) Mount Shari
Mount Shari
(斜里岳) Mount Tokachi (十勝岳) Mount Tomuraushi (トムラウシ山) Mount Yōtei (羊蹄山)

Tōhoku region[edit]

Mount Adatara
Mount Adatara
(安達太良山) Mount Aizu-Komagatake
Mount Aizu-Komagatake
(会津駒ヶ岳) Mount Asahi (朝日岳)

Hakkōda
Hakkōda
- 1,584m

Mount Azuma
Mount Azuma
(吾妻山) Mount Bandai
Mount Bandai
(磐梯山) Mount Chōkai
Mount Chōkai
(鳥海山) Mount Gassan
Mount Gassan
(月山) Mount Hachimantai
Mount Hachimantai
(八幡平) Hakkōda
Hakkōda
(八甲田山) Mount Hayachine
Mount Hayachine
(早池峰山) Mount Hiuchigatake
Mount Hiuchigatake
(燧ヶ岳) Mount Iide
Mount Iide
(飯豊山) Mount Iwaki
Mount Iwaki
(岩木山) Mount Iwate
Mount Iwate
(岩手山) Mount Zaō
Mount Zaō
(蔵王山)

Kantō region[edit]

Mount Nantai
Mount Nantai
- 2,486m

Mount Akagi
Mount Akagi
(赤城山) Mount Asama
Mount Asama
(浅間山) Mount Azumaya
Mount Azumaya
(四阿山) Mount Hiragatake
Mount Hiragatake
(平ヶ岳) Mount Hotaka (武尊山) Mount Kumotori
Mount Kumotori
(雲取山) Mount Kusatsu-Shirane
Mount Kusatsu-Shirane
(草津白根山) Mount Nantai
Mount Nantai
(男体山) Mount Nasu
Mount Nasu
(那須岳) Mount Nikkō-Shirane
Mount Nikkō-Shirane
(日光白根山) Mount Ryōkami
Mount Ryōkami
(両神山) Mount Shibutsu (至仏山) Mount Sukai
Mount Sukai
(皇海山) Mount Tanigawa
Mount Tanigawa
(谷川岳) Mount Tanzawa
Mount Tanzawa
(丹沢山) Mount Tsukuba
Mount Tsukuba
(筑波山)

Chūbu region[edit]

Mount Aino
Mount Aino
- 3,189m

Mount Aino
Mount Aino
(間ノ岳) Mount Akaishi
Mount Akaishi
(赤石岳) Mount Amagi
Mount Amagi
(天城山) Mount Amakazari (雨飾山) Mount Daibosatsu (大菩薩岳) Mount Ena
Mount Ena
(恵那山) Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
(富士山) Mount Goryū (五竜岳) Mount Haku
Mount Haku
(白山) Mount Hijiri
Mount Hijiri
(聖岳) Mount Hiuchi
Mount Hiuchi
(火打山) Mount Hōō
Mount Hōō
(鳳凰山)

Mount Hotaka - 3,190m

Mount Hotaka (穂高岳) Mount Jōnen
Mount Jōnen
(常念岳) Mount Kaikoma
Mount Kaikoma
(甲斐駒ヶ岳) Mount Kasa
Mount Kasa
(笠ヶ岳) Mount Kashima Yarigatake (鹿島槍ヶ岳) Mount Kinpu
Mount Kinpu
(金峰山) Mount Kirigamine
Mount Kirigamine
(霧ヶ峰) Mount Kisokoma
Mount Kisokoma
(木曾駒ヶ岳) Mount Kita
Mount Kita
(北岳) Mount Kobushi
Mount Kobushi
(甲武信ヶ岳) Mount Kuro (黒岳) Mount Kurobegorō
Mount Kurobegorō
(黒部五郎岳) Mount Makihata (巻機山) Mount Mizugaki (瑞牆山) Mount Myōkō
Mount Myōkō
(妙高山) Mount Naeba
Mount Naeba
(苗場山) Mount Norikura
Mount Norikura
(乗鞍岳) Mount Ontake
Mount Ontake
(御嶽山) Mount Senjō
Mount Senjō
(仙丈ヶ岳) Mount Shiomi
Mount Shiomi
(塩見岳)

Mount Shirouma
Mount Shirouma
- 2,932m

Mount Shirouma
Mount Shirouma
(白馬岳) Mount Takatsuma (高妻山) Mount Tateshina
Mount Tateshina
(蓼科山) Mount Tate
Mount Tate
(立山) Mount Tekari
Mount Tekari
(光岳) Mount Tsurugi (剣岳) Mount Uonuma-Komagatake (魚沼駒ヶ岳) Mount Utsugi
Mount Utsugi
(空木岳) Mount Warusawa
Mount Warusawa
(悪沢岳) Mount Washiba (鷲羽岳) Mount Yake
Mount Yake
(焼岳) Mount Yakushi
Mount Yakushi
(薬師岳) Mount Yari
Mount Yari
(槍ヶ岳) Yatsugatake (八ヶ岳) Utsukushigahara Highland (美ヶ原)

Western Japan[edit]

Mount Ibuki
Mount Ibuki
and N700 Series Shinkansen
N700 Series Shinkansen
- 1,377m

Mount Arashima (荒島岳) Mount Aso
Mount Aso
(阿蘇山) Daisen (大山) Mount Ibuki
Mount Ibuki
(伊吹山) Mount Ishizuchi
Mount Ishizuchi
(石鎚山) Mount Kaimon
Mount Kaimon
(開聞岳) Mount Kirishima
Mount Kirishima
(霧島山) Mount Kujū
Mount Kujū
(九重山) or Kokonoe Mount Miya-no-ura (宮之浦岳) Mount Ōdaigahara
Mount Ōdaigahara
(大台ヶ原山) Mount Ōmine
Mount Ōmine
(大峰山) Mount Sobo
Mount Sobo
(祖母山) Mount Tsurugi (剣山)

Notes[edit]

^ Hyakumeizan, Hiking Japan!. Japan Gazetteer. Accessed June 27, 2008.

See also[edit]

Kyūya Fukada List of mountains in Japan

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 100 Famous Japanese Mountains.

One Hundred Mountains of Japan

v t e

100 Famous Japanese Mountains

Hokkaidō

Mt. Rishiri Mt. Rausu Mt. Shari Mt. Akan Mt. Taisetsu Mt. Tomuraushi Mt. Tokachi Mt. Poroshiri Mt. Yōtei

Tōhoku region Jōshinetsu region

Mt. Iwaki Mt. Hakkōda Hachimantai Mt. Iwate Mt. Hayachine Mt. Chokai Mt. Gassan Mt. Asahi Mt. Zaō Mt. Iide Mt. Azuma Mt. Adatara Mt. Bandai Mt. Aizu-Koma Mt. Echigo (Uonuma-Koma) Mt. Hiragatake Mt. Makihata Mt. Hiuchigatake Mt. Shibutsu Mt. Tanigawa Mt. Naeba Mt. Myōkō Hiuchiyama Mt. Amakazari Mt. Takatsuma

Kantō region

Mt. Nantai Mt. Oku-Shirane Mt. Nasu Mt. Sukai Mount Hotaka Mt. Akagi Mt. Kusatsu-Shirane Mt. Azumaya Mt. Asama Mt. Tsukuba Mt. Tanzawa Mt. Ryōkami Mt. Kumotori Mt. Kobushi Mt. Kinpu Mt. Mizugaki Mt. Daibosatsu Mt. Fuji Mt. Amagi

Chūbu region

Hida Mountains (Northern Alps)

Mt. Shirouma Mt. Goryū Mt. Kashima Yari Mt. Tsurugi Mt. Tate Mt. Yakushi Mt. Kurobegorō Mt. Kuro (Suishō) Mt. Washiba Mt. Yari Mt. Hotaka Mt. Jōnen Mt. Kasa Mt. Yake Mt. Norikura

Kiso Mountains (Central Alps)

Mt. Kisokoma Mt. Utsugi Mt. Ena

Akaishi Mountains (Southern Alps)

Mt. Kaikoma Mt. Senjō Mt. Hōō Mt. Kita Mt. Aino Mt. Shiomi Mt. Warusawa Mt. Akaishi Mt. Hijiri Mt. Tekari

Others

Mt. Ontake Utsukushigahara Mt. Kirigamine Mt. Tateshina Yatsugatake Mt. Haku Mt. Arashima

Western Japan

Mt. Ibuki Mt. Ōdaigahara Mt. Ōmine Daisen Mt. Tsurugi Mt. Ishizuchi Mt. Kujū (Kokonoe) Mt. Sobo Mt. Aso Mt. Kirishima Mt. Kaimon Mt. Miya-no-ura

Kyūya Fukada List of mountains in Japan Three-thousanders (in Japan) Media related to 100 Famous Japanese Mountains
100 Famous Japanese Mountains
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