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Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport (Estonian: Tallinna lennujaam, IATA: TLL, ICAO: EETN) or Lennart Meri
Lennart Meri
Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport (Estonian: Lennart Meri
Lennart Meri
Tallinna lennujaam) is the largest airport in Estonia
Estonia
and serves as a hub for the national airline Nordica, as well as the secondary hub for AirBaltic[4] and LOT Polish Airlines.[5] It was also the home base of the now defunct national airline Estonian Air. Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport is open to both domestic and international flights. It is located 2.7 nautical miles (5.0 km; 3.1 mi) southeast of the centre of Tallinn[2] on the eastern shore of Lake Ülemiste. It was formerly known as Ülemiste Airport. The airport has a single asphalt-concrete runway, 08/26, that is 3,480 m × 45 m (11,417 ft × 148 ft) and large enough to handle wide-bodied aircraft such as the Boeing 747, five taxiways and fourteen terminal gates. Since 29 March 2009 the airport is officially known as Lennart Meri
Lennart Meri
Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport, in honour of the leader of the Estonian independence movement and second President of Estonia
Estonia
Lennart Meri.[6] The airport has also been used for military purposes. It has served as an interceptor aircraft base, being home to the 384th Interceptor Aircraft Regiment (384 IAP), which operated MiG-23P aircraft.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early development 1.2 Soviet period 1.3 Modern development

1.3.1 2008 expansion 1.3.2 Renaming 1.3.3 Baltic Sea cruise turnarounds 1.3.4 Demise of Estonian Air

2 Future expansion

2.1 Airport museum and activity centre

3 Terminals

3.1 Terminal building

3.1.1 Passenger facilities

3.2 Point-to-point terminal (Terminal 2) 3.3 Business aviation hangar complex 3.4 Air freight

4 Aviation services

4.1 Ground handling 4.2 Aircraft maintenance services

5 Airlines and destinations

5.1 Passenger 5.2 Cargo

6 Statistics

6.1 Annual passenger numbers 6.2 Busiest routes

7 Accolades 8 Ground transportation

8.1 Tram 8.2 Bus 8.3 Rail 8.4 Highway

9 Incidents and accidents 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

History[edit]

Inside view of Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport.

Early development[edit] Prior to the establishment of the present airport in Ülemiste area, Lasnamäe Airfield
Lasnamäe Airfield
was the primary airport of Tallinn, serving as a base for Aeronaut airline. After Aeronaut went bankrupt in 1928, air service was continued by Deruluft, which used Nehatu instead, 12 km (7.5 mi) from the centre of Tallinn. The first seaplane harbour on the shores of Lake Ülemiste
Lake Ülemiste
was built 1928 to 1929 in order to serve Finnish seaplanes. The use of this harbour ended in World War II. On 26 March 1929 Riigikogu
Riigikogu
passed an expropriation act in order to establish a public airport. 10 ha of land was expropriated from Dvigatel joint-stock company and another 22 ha was expropriated from descendants of Vagner. 10 million sents were paid to land-owners as indemnity. Land leveling and renovation works took another 5 million sents.[7]

A floatplane version of the Ju 52/3m at the seaplane ramp of Ülemiste Airport

The building of Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport started on 16 November 1931, and the first test landing was commenced by captain Reissar piloting Estonian Air Force Avro 594 Avian, tail number 120.[8] The airport was opened officially on 20 September 1936, although it had been operational a good while before the official opening - LOT Polish Airlines, which commenced its first passenger flight from Tallinn
Tallinn
on 18 August 1932 with Fokker F.VIIb/3m from Lasnamäe
Lasnamäe
Airfield,[9][10][11] later relocated the flights to Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport and in 1935 the airport had 6 arrivals and departures on average every day. In April 1935 a ramp for seaplanes was built on a shore of Lake Ülemiste, together with a small arch bridge and a customs office, which allowed seaplanes to be relocated from a sea port. The same year the airport administration building was erected, which also served initially as a waiting place for travellers. The total cost of the whole airport project, including the cost of building flight hangars, was 25 million sents.[7][12] As the very first runways had soft surface, it made them unavailable for takeoffs and landings during spring and autumn seasons. Therefore, only seaplanes stationed at Lake Ülemiste
Lake Ülemiste
were able to carry out flights, and during winter months, it was possible to use the frozen surface of the lake as a runway for small airplanes. The concrete paved runways of the first stage, inaugurated together with the opening of the airport, were about 40 metres wide and 300 metres long. As they were arranged in a form of a triangle,[13] they allowed takeoffs and landings in six directions. These were the first concrete-paved runway in Estonia, it was needed some 5,396 cubic meters of stone, 4,100 cubic meters of construction aggregate and 137 tons of cement to construct them.

LOT Lockheed Model 10A Electra
Lockheed Model 10A Electra
in front of a flight hangar at Tallinn Airport in the 1930s

In addition, 3 km of pipeworks was laid for drainage purposes.[8] Before World War II, Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport had regular connections to abroad by at least Aerotransport
Aerotransport
(now part of the SAS Group),[7] Deutsche Luft Hansa, LOT and the Finnish company Aero (now Finnair). On 5 April 1937 the Helsinki-Tallinn-Warsaw-Jerusalem route was inaugurated by Mr. Bobkowski, the assistant of the Polish Minister of Transport. The length of the route was 3,187-kilometre (1,721 nmi) and the journey time was 34 hours.[14] Passengers and cargo numbers grew quickly, from 4,100 passengers and 6,730 kg of cargo in 1933 to 11,892 passengers and 14,726 kg of cargo in 1937.[15] Preparation and design works for a new passenger terminal started in 1938. 14 various projects were submitted for the architectural contest of the new terminal building, with the one from the architect Artur Jürvetson winning the contest in February the same year. The construction costs were estimated at 300 thousand Estonian kroons. The first airplane of then the flag carrier of Estonia, AGO, arrived at Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport on 5 October 1939, flying the route Dessau
Dessau
- Königsberg
Königsberg
- Tallinn.[9] As Estonia
Estonia
was occupied by Soviet Union, on 22 July 1940 the order was made by Soviet occupation authorities to transfer the airport to Soviet Air Forces. All aircraft, which were at the airport at that time, including interned Polish Lockheed 14, two Junkers Ju 52
Junkers Ju 52
of AGO and PTO-4
PTO-4
trainer aircraft of Estonian Airclub, were relocated to Lasnamäe
Lasnamäe
Airfield. During the German occupation, regular international connections were announced on 16 October and already restored on 15 November 1941, when Deutsche Lufthansa
Lufthansa
and Aero O/Y started the route Helsinki-Tallinn-Riga-Königsberg-Berlin.[16][17] From 1942 to 1944 Sonderstaffel Buschmann was based at Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport.[8] Soviet period[edit] Between 1945 and 1989, Aeroflot
Aeroflot
was the only airline that served Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport.[citation needed]

The Old Terminal was used from 1954 to 1980[7]

The construction of the new passenger terminal, which was put on hold due to war, resumed. The building, which was redesigned in accordance with the Stalinist architecture, was finished in 1954 and commissioned on 7 November 1955. Regular flights with jet aircraft began on 2 October 1962 with a maiden passenger flight from Moscow
Moscow
for then newest Soviet airliner Tu-124.[18] As the terminal built in 1954 became obsolete and unable to cope with growing airport traffic, the construction of the current terminal building began in 1976 and the terminal was opened in 1980, prior to the 1980 Summer Olympics sailing event, which was held in the city. The architect of the new terminal was Mihhail Piskov, who got visual inspiration from traditional Estonian housebarns, and the interior designer was Maile Grünberg.[19] The runway was also lengthened then. The first foreign airline since World War II
World War II
to operate regular flights from Tallinn
Tallinn
was SAS, whose first flight to the airport took place on 25 November 1989.[20] Modern development[edit]

A USAF
USAF
C-5A Galaxy
C-5A Galaxy
unloads at Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport during Exercise Baltic Challenge '97

The construction works of the first cargo terminal (Cargo 1), located in the middle of future cargo area on the north side of the airport, were carried out from September 1997 until March 1998.[21] The passenger terminal building was completely modernised in 1999, increasing its capacity to 1.4 million passengers per year[7] and after that greatly expanded in 2008. The growing demand for extra space for cargo operations, created a situation where there was need for cargo terminal expansion, Cargo 2.[21] In order to meet the growing demand for new cargo facilities at Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport, the number of cargo terminals was later expanded to four. In year 2012 a new aircraft maintenance hangar was opened and a number of passengers passed two million mark the first time in the history of the airport. On 11 January 2013 the airport was accepted into Airport Carbon Accreditation emission managing and reduction programme by ACI.[22] The year 2013 saw an introduction of an automatic border control system and a start of construction of a new business aviation hangar complex.[citation needed] 2008 expansion[edit]

Construction of the terminal expansion

The airport underwent a large expansion project between January 2006 and September 2008. The existing terminal was expanded by 35,000 m2 (376,700 sq ft) and the architects of the project were Jean Marie Bonnard, Pia Tasa and Inge Sirkel-Suviste.[23] The terminal was expanded in three directions, resulting in 18 new gates, separate lounges for Schengen and non-Schengen passengers, 10 new check-in desks and a new restaurant and cafes. Due to the gallery that connects all the gates and was constructed in the middle of the terminal building the terminal became T-shaped. The projecting terminal section enables a two-level traffic for international passengers. The renewed terminal has nine passenger bridges. The extensions constructed at the ends of the terminal building became additional rooms for registering for the flights and for delivering arriving luggage.[24] Outside the terminal, the apron was refurbished and expanded and a new taxiway was added. The new terminal allows the airport to handle twice as many passengers as it could handle before. The renovated terminal received the award "Concrete Building of the Year 2008" by the Estonian Concrete Association.[23]

The Terminal after its expansion (August 2012)

Renaming[edit] After the death of former president of Estonia
Estonia
Lennart Meri
Lennart Meri
on 14 March 2006, journalist Argo Ideon from Eesti Ekspress
Eesti Ekspress
proposed to honour the president's memory by naming Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport after him – "Tallinna Lennart Meri
Lennart Meri
Rahvusvaheline Lennujaam" (Lennart Meri International Airport), drawing parallels with JFK Airport, Charles de Gaulle Airport, Istanbul–Atatürk
Istanbul–Atatürk
Airport etc.[25] Ideon's article also mentioned the fact that Meri himself had shown concern for the condition of the then Soviet-era construction (in one memorable case Meri, having arrived from Japan, led the group of journalists that were expecting him, to the airport's toilets to do the interview there, in order to point out the shoddy condition of the facilities[26]). The name change was discussed at a board meeting on 29 March 2006,[27] and on the opening of the new terminal on 19 September 2008, Prime Minister Andrus Ansip
Andrus Ansip
officially announced the renaming would take place in March 2009[28] Baltic Sea cruise turnarounds[edit]

Estonian Air
Estonian Air
at Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport

In 2011 a new project of cruise turnarounds was launched in cooperation with Tallinn
Tallinn
Passenger Port and Happy Cruises. More than 7,000 Spanish passengers travelled that year on charter flights to and from Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport.[29] As the airport is located only 5 km from the city center cruise quay, transfer time from airport to cruise ship is under an hour.[30] In 2012, Pullmantur Air
Pullmantur Air
started its charter operations from Madrid-Barajas Airport
Madrid-Barajas Airport
with three Airbus 321s and two to three Boeing 747s. During the summer 2012 about 16,000 tourists were transferred.[31] The company continued operations in 2013, transferring 25,000 tourists in five turnarounds,[32] as well as there was one partial turnaround operation for the cruise ship MS Deutschland operated by Peter Deilmann Cruises.[33] In 2015, cruise tourists were attended to by four airlines – Iberia, Iberia Express, Wamos Air, and Vueling. Some 5,000 passengers were expected during three turnarounds for Pullmantur Cruises
Pullmantur Cruises
cruise line.[34] Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport served 9,369 cruise turnaround passengers in 2015. No cruise turnarounds are expected in summer 2016 due to construction works, but the airport plans to continue them in 2017.[35] Demise of Estonian Air[edit] On 7 November 2015, Estonian Air
Estonian Air
was liquidated following an adverse decision by the European Commission.[36] This meant a significant temporary loss of business for the airport, as Estonian Air
Estonian Air
had been the largest carrier, accounting for ⅓ of all capacity in 2014.[37] Future expansion[edit]

Nordica Bombardier CRJ900 landing at Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport

According to Erik Sakkov, board member of Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport, the future plans include expanding the runway by 600–700 metres to serve regular long-haul flights,[38] also building of a brand-new taxiway, new storage facilities, a new point-to-point terminal and expansion of the existing passenger terminal, so it can serve arriving and departing passengers on two different levels.[39] On 21 February 2013 the environmental impact assessment of the airport development project started. The project includes the runway lengthening by 720 metres, installation of the ILS Category II equipment, also lengthening of the existing northern taxiway till the end of the expanded runway, constructing of a whole new taxiway and a new apron area on the southern side of the airport, installation of the new perimeter security systems and constructing of an engine test facility and dedicated snow storage and de-icing areas.[40] Among other benefits the extension would enable planes to fly higher above the city of Tallinn
Tallinn
by moving threshold of the runway further from Lake Ülemiste, thus reducing noise level. The public discussion of the runway extension environmental effects evaluation report took place on 16 December 2013 and the construction work to extend the runway has begun on 1 May 2016. The length of the renovated runway is 3480 meters, the construction contract was concluded with Lemminkäinen Eesti. On 17 November 2016 the airport administration reported, that the runway expansion works are completed, thus the runway became the longest one in the Baltic states.[41] The runway and the main taxiway were extended to the east and a new system of navigation lights was installed. In the summer and autumn of 2016 the construction work caused restrictions on nighttime flight operations but had no impact on scheduled operations. The soil of the safety area around the extended runway was enforced to reduce potential risks to aircraft in the event of runway overrun or excursion. In the course of the expansion work in 2016 some 45,000 tons of asphalt and 4,000 m3 of concrete were laid down, also 60 kilometers of new duct access was built and 100 kilometers of new cables and 400 new navigation lights installed, as well as 10 kilometers of new rainwater removal infrastructure built. The expansion of the airstrip increased the airport's safety area by 41 hectares and five kilometers of new service roads were built.[42] The whole expansion works must be completed by the end of 2017.[43][44][45]

Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport's runway 08/26

On 12 June 2013 the City Administration of Tallinn
Tallinn
approved a detailed planning for a 0.91 ha land plot, on which a new 4,430 m2 (47,680 sq ft) maintenance hangar is going to be built.[46][47] Total five-year investment plan amounts of more than 100 million euros.[48] The airport is investing €126 million during the 2015–2021 period. The most important project is the reconstruction of the runway infrastructure at cost of €75 million.[49] Additional investment of €2.5 million would be made in flight terminal in order to change its layout and improve the terminal's security, capacity and VIP area.[50] А multi-storey car park for 1,200 vehicles and 150 taxis[35][51] would be built due to the consistently increasing need for parking spots around the airport. Work on the task and procurement conditions of the parking structure began in 2014. It will be located in front of the passenger terminal and should be completed in 2017 according to current plans.[49] Airport museum and activity centre[edit] The museum is located in a small building near the terminal, also a relatively large area nearby will be transformed into open-air exhibition. Two ancient cult stones, which are necessary to move during the expansion of the runway, will be transferred to that exhibition. The whole museum plot will be separated from the airfield. The museum will have a direct access from E263 motorway (shares the same route with Estonian main road 2).[52] Additionally, a platform with a view onto the runway will be constructed, giving good possibilities for aircraft spotting. The activity centre opened in 2016.[49] Terminals[edit] There are one passenger terminal and four cargo terminals at the airport. As the airport's current facilities could not serve more than 2.5 million passengers per year[53] and the number of passengers is rapidly growing (38.2% in year 2011[54]), the new terminal for discount airlines will be built. Terminal building[edit]

Terminal building 2006

Estonian EXPO Center year-round permanent exhibition is located near the Gate 3, acting as a live advertising space where promotion representatives introduce the companies taking part in the exhibition[55] and help finding cooperation partners in particular fields of business. The center was opened on 22 July 2010.[56] VKG has opened an oil shale themed exposition at Gate 4 on 9 January 2013, showing the history and development of Estonian oil shale industry.[57] The Estonian Tourist Board has opened a brand new "Visit Estonia" themed exposition at Gate 5 on 2 October 2013. The gate is divided into three parts: a children's territory with a Lotte-themed playhouse, an interactive, informative waiting area decorated with Estonian national patterns and a bridge from the gate to the airplane that introduces travellers to Estonian nature.[58] Passenger facilities[edit]

Transit area of the terminal

A lending library was open on 9 May 2013 in a special area by Gate 1. All books were donated by public including Estonian president Toomas Hendrik Ilves and the First Lady of Estonia
Estonia
Evelin Ilves. The library will have books in ten different languages, the majority being in Estonian, Russian and English. There will also be a selection of children's books.[59][60] On 16 August 2013 Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport unveiled a gallery and started exhibiting artists' work in the Passenger Terminal. The gallery of rotating exhibitions on the 1st floor of the Passenger Terminal is open to all arriving and departing passengers as well as those seeing them off or meeting them.[61] There are three bus stops at the terminal, which are located on level 0 in front of the arrivals area.[62] The terminal also houses 3 smoking areas. On 1 September 2013, the airport opened an automatic border control system, that should accelerate procedures for passengers travelling out of the Schengen area. The fully automated border crossing system consists of two automated gates and six registering kiosks.[63][64] The Nordea
Nordea
Lounge services business class passengers of Aeroflot, Air Baltic, Finnair, Flybe, LOT Polish Airlines, Lufthansa
Lufthansa
and SAS, as well as Priority Pass and members of the Metropolis loyalty programme.[65] Additional Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport GH check-in terminal is located at the Radisson Blu
Radisson Blu
Hotel Tallinn. Travellers can check in online and print boarding cards directly from the lobby. The system allows to check in 24 hours before departure and choose own specific seat.[66] Point-to-point terminal (Terminal 2)[edit] On 12 April 2012 Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport announced, that it will build next year a new five-berth terminal for low-cost airlines, which will be easily removable and extendable.[53][67] The new terminal would be intended for low-cost airlines such as Ryanair, Easyjet
Easyjet
and Norwegian that do not want to pay that much to the airport and do not need many airport services. The new terminal is intended for the service of one million passengers and the space liberated from low-cost airlines would pass into the disposition of Nordica and other traditional airlines, such as Lufthansa, SAS, LOT and Finnair.[53] To date, the construction has not yet started and the airport has not announced plans to begin construction. Business aviation hangar complex[edit] On 20 March 2013 the airport authorities announced a public procurement for constructing a new hangar complex. The cornerstone of the new complex was laid on 27 September 2013.[68] It has a surface area of 5,230 m2 (56,300 sq ft), is located right next to the existing General Aviation Terminal and will be servicing aircraft within a distance of up to 3,000 kilometers from Tallinn. The complex is intended for accommodating a total of nine planes, eight of them are mid-size business jets and one aircraft the size of a large corporate aircraft. It consists of five hangars: the Hangar 1 for the large aircraft (such as Boeing 737, Airbus A318
Airbus A318
or Airbus A319), hangars 2 to 5 are intended for smaller business jets (Bombardier Challenger 605, Learjet 60). The whole complex was opened on 15 April 2014[69] and its operator is Panaviatic, which is going to expand its business jet operations from Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport.[70] Apart from providing hangarage for business jets, the new complex also offers MRO services by Panaviatic’s subsidiary AS Panaviatic Maintenance.[71] The total investment was close to 5 million euros and the whole complex is the largest in the Baltic states.[69] Air freight[edit] Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport has 4 cargo terminals with total warehouse space of ca 11,600 m².[72] The size of warehouse in Cargo 1 is 3601 m² and 2066 m² are dedicated for the office area. Cargo terminal is operated by different operators (including integrators) and Tallinn Airport Ltd. only acts as a lessor. The size of Cargo 2 warehouse is 1255 m² and 758 m² are dedicated for office space. Cargo 2 is operated by TNT Express Worldwide.[21] Other logistics operators include DHL, UPS and FedEx. Aviation services[edit]

The main maintenance hangar of Magnetic MRO, former Air Maintenance Estonia, at Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport

Ground handling[edit] Ground handling services are handled by Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport GH. In 2010, Finnair
Finnair
named Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport GH as the most punctual ground handling service provider for its planes in Europe and the third best in the world,[73][74] and in year 2013 Lufthansa
Lufthansa
named the passenger and aircraft ground handling provided by Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport GH the most punctual in the world, giving also the second time the SHOOTING STAR title, which is awarded to airports employing the most up-to-date solutions for checking in for flights.[75] Aircraft maintenance services[edit] Magnetic MRO has its facilities and headquarters on the airport property. On 6 September 2012 the company opened a new 5,000 m2 (53,820 sq ft) column-free three-bay hangar for Base Maintenance works of narrow-body aircraft, such as Boeing 737
Boeing 737
and Airbus A320. The company has in total three main Base Maintenance lines, and two additional lines for lighter checks and modification works.[76] With the addition of the new hangar, the maximum annual line maintenance capacity of the company boosted to 72 aircraft from the present 24. Magnetic MRO said the new hangar will allow it carry out a planned doubling of its workforce.[77] On 21 December 2015 Magnetic MRO announced a launch of the second painting hangar, which will be built in co-operation with Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport, in response to growing demand for painting services. The new 2,000 m2 (21,530 sq ft) hangar with further expansion possibilities will be capable of housing aircraft in size up to Boeing 737
Boeing 737
MAX 9 and Airbus A321neo, as well as regional aircraft, and according to the agreement, the hangar is planned to be finalized and ready for use by 1 June 2017.[78] AS Panaviatic Maintenance is a Part 145 EASA-compliant subsidiary of Panaviatic, which will offer its services for business aviation customers.[71] Airlines and destinations[edit] Passenger[edit] The following airlines operate scheduled and charter passenger flights to and from Tallinn:[79]

Airlines Destinations

Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens

Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo

airBaltic Amsterdam, Berlin–Tegel, London–Gatwick, Oslo–Gardermoen
Oslo–Gardermoen
(begins 28 October 2018), Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Riga, Stockholm–Arlanda (begins 28 October 2018), Vienna, Vilnius

British Airways London–Heathrow

easyJet London–Gatwick, Milan–Malpensa Seasonal: Berlin–Schönefeld

Ellinair Seasonal: Corfu, Thessaloniki

Finnair Helsinki

LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin

Lufthansa Frankfurt

Norwegian Air Shuttle Oslo–Gardermoen

Nordica[80] Amsterdam, Brussels, Copenhagen (resumes 27 April 2018),[citation needed] Gothenburg, Kiev–Boryspil, Kiev–Zhuliany (begins 25 April 2018),[81] Munich, Oslo–Gardermoen, Saint Petersburg, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin Seasonal: Berlin–Tegel, Constanța (begins 16 June 2018),[82] Hamburg, Nice, Odessa, Ohrid (begins 1 June 2018),[82] Rijeka, Split Seasonal charter: Bergamo, Geneva, Salzburg

Qatar Airways Doha (TBA 2018)

Ryanair Bergamo, Edinburgh (resumes 29 October 2018), London–Stansted, Malta, Paphos, Weeze Seasonal: Bremen, Dublin, Girona

Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda

SmartLynx Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Burgas, Corfu, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Larnaca, Rhodes, Salzburg, Tenerife–South, Varna Seasonal charter: Ajaccio, Agadir, Alghero, Alicante, Bilbao, Bodrum, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Dalaman, Eilat–Ovda, Enfidha, Faro, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Málaga, Monastir, Olbia, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Porto, Rimini, Sharm el-Sheik, Tenerife–North, Valencia

Transaviabaltika Kuressaare (PSO), Kärdla (PSO)

Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk

Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona

Wizz Air Kiev–Zhuliany (begins 18 April 2018),[citation needed] London-Luton (begins 17 September 2018),[83]

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations

ASL Airlines Belgium Malmö, Turku, Warsaw–Chopin

Cargolux Luxembourg City

FedEx
FedEx
Express Amsterdam

Czech Airlines
Czech Airlines
Cargo Prague, Sofia

DHL Aviation Bucharest, Budapest

Finnair
Finnair
Cargo Helsinki

Genex Belgrade, Minsk

Silk Way Airlines Baku

Swiss World Cargo Zürich

Turkish Airlines
Turkish Airlines
Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk, Kiev–Boryspil

UPS Airlines Vienna

Statistics[edit] Total passengers using the airport has increased on average by 14.2% annually since 1998. On 16 November 2012 Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport has reached two million passenger landmark for the first time in its history.[84] Passenger data reflects international and domestic flights combined, share of domestic flights compared to international flights was marginal. Passenger and cargo numbers exclude direct transit.[3] Annual passenger numbers[edit]

Annual passenger statistics for Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport

Year Total Passengers Aircraft movements Total Cargo

1992 205,776 11,000 1,124

1993 239,760 12,170 1,417

1994 336,282 13,378 2,362

1995 366,919 13,784 2,488

1996 431,212 16,695 3,997

1997 502,442 21,455 5,590

1998 563,946 24,951 5,991

1999 550,747 23,590 5,326

2000 559,658 23,358 4,690

2001 573,493 23,633 4,543

2002 605,697 26,226 4,292

2003 715,859 25,294 5,080

2004 997,461 28,149 5,237

2005 1,401,059 33,610 9,937

2006 1,541,832 33,989 10,361

2007 1,728,430 38,844 22,764

2008 1,811,536 41,654 41,867

2009 1,346,236 32,572 21,001

2010 1,384,831 33,587 11,960

2011 1,913,172 40,298 18,371

2012 2,206,692 48,531 23,921

2013 1,958,801 37,856 20,941

2014 2,017,371 37,791 19,860

2015 2,166,663 41,513 16,156

2016 2,221,615[85] 40,938 13,940

2017 2,648,361[1] 45,235[1] 11,345[1]

Passengers at Tallinn
Tallinn
Lennart Meri
Lennart Meri
Airport (millions)

Updated: 23 February 2018

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes from Lennart Meri
Lennart Meri
Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport (2016)[86]

Rank 2016(12)

Destination

Passengers handled (2016)

Passengers handled (2015)

Passengers handled (2014)

Passengers handled (2012)

Passengers handled (2011)

% Change 2011 / 12

Passengers handled (2010)

Passengers handled (2009)

01 !1 3 ! Germany, Frankfurt 245,173 259,555 269,730 117,346

02 !2 (1) 2 ! Finland, Helsinki 233,151 212,074 214,193 193,678 184,762 3 !4.8 147,945 149,390

03 !3 (2) 4 ! Latvia, Riga 203,164 185,643 184,302 184,072 173,768 2 !5.9 150,024 154,742

04 !4 5 ! Norway, Oslo (all) 149,087 143,721 128,142 138,642

05 !5 (3) 6 ! Sweden, Stockholm (all) 142,535 96,663 93,653 177,227 145,964 1 !21.4 115,046 112,861

06 !6 (4) 8 ! United Kingdom, London (all) 106,412 126,966 127,364 130,340 161,423 5 !19.3 84,329 99,864

07 !7 7 ! Russia, Moscow
Moscow
(Sheremetyevo) 100,918 118,699 110,481 91,938

08 !8 (5) 1 ! Denmark, Copenhagen 77,606 103,156 113,158 123,966 133,101 4 !6.9 140,997 142,449

See also: List of the busiest airports in the Baltic states Accolades[edit]

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Year Award Category Results Ref

2012 EURO ANNIE ‘Airport Growth Award’ by anna.aero 1–2 million passengers Won [87]

2013 Design Management Europe Award by DME Award Award for the best management of design in a public or non-profit organisation Honourable mention [88][89]

2015 Best Airport Award by ACI EUROPE under 5 million passenger Silver [90]

Ground transportation[edit] Tram[edit]

CAF Urbos tram in Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport tram terminal

The tramline "4" extension to airport terminal was opened on 1 September 2017.[91] Trams mostly go with 6 minute intervals, journey from downtown to airport (and vice versa) takes 18-19 minutes. Trams run through the 150-metre long Ülemiste tram tunnel beneath the Tallinn-Narva railway. [92] Bus[edit] The line "2" offers a connection to the centre of Tallinn, Tallinn Passenger Port and Mõigu.[93] After opening the tram line extension the stop where from the line nr "2" goes towards city centre (and passenger port) was transferred to the other side of parking house (currently under construction) and it is not directly visible from the public transportation terminal (or tram terminal). Therefore, when going to city centre it is better (easier) to take tram than bus. The nr "2" bus which makes a stop in the tram terminal goes not to city centre but towards Mõigu
Mõigu
(opposite direction). This might confuse tourists who might happen to take the bus going to opposite direction. The buses go mostly with 20 minute intervals. The line "65" provides a connection to Lasnamäe
Lasnamäe
district.[94][62] Tallinn
Tallinn
AirportShuttle share taxi provides a connection from Tallinn Airport to any location in Tallinn. Long-distance services include:

intercity bus line "Täistunniekspress" (English: "Hourlyexpress"), operated by Lux Express, departs from Tallinn
Tallinn
to Tartu. "Täistunniekspress" from Tartu
Tartu
arrives at the airport .[95] intercity bus line "158", operated by SEBE, stops at the airport once a day.[96] and departs from Tallinn
Tallinn
to Tartu. The bus stops at Kose crossroad and the Mäo and Puhu crossroads.[62]

Rail[edit] The nearest station is Ülemiste train station, which lies about 800 metres from the airport, near Ülemiste Keskus. It provides access to regional rail and commuter rail lines of Elron. The station and Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport are connected through the bus "65" and tram line "4". Highway[edit] The airport is accessed by the expressway (which shares the same route with the Estonian national road ). The expressway (which follows the Estonian national road ) intersects with the expessway 900 metres away from the airport towards the city centre. The expressway (Via Baltica, follows the Estonian national road ) is easily accessible via the 3.8 km (2.4 mi) long dual carriageway Järvevana Road, which provides a direct connection with at the intersection. Incidents and accidents[edit]

On 6 September 1938 at 5 p.m. EET, a Warsaw Aero Club RWD-10, piloted by Zbigniew Olenski, crashed into Lake Ülemiste
Lake Ülemiste
during an aerobatic demonstration. The crash was caused by a pilot error, who misestimated the altitude during low-flight manoeuvres, and by muggy weather, which complicated the detection of a water surface. The depth of the crash site was only about 1 metre, which helped to absorb the shock but was too shallow for the pilot to drown. The survived with head injuries. The plane's propeller and landing gear was damaged in the crash, but the plane was recovered and repaired by the staff of the seaplane terminal.[97][98] In January 1966, an Ilyushin
Ilyushin
Il-14 flying from Kuressaare to Tallinn, made a landing on ice of Lake Ülemiste
Lake Ülemiste
short of the runway 08 at its destination in nearly zero-visibility conditions. The incident was caused by an error of the air traffic controller, who misestimated the plane's altitude. The frontal landing gear was damaged during the unexpected landing, but the plane was otherwise intact. It was towed the same day to the airport. No injuries were reported, the passengers walked to the terminal across the frozen lake.[98] On 16 November 1990, an Aeroflot
Aeroflot
Tupolev
Tupolev
Tu-134
Tu-134
flying from Tallinn
Tallinn
to Moscow
Moscow
was hijacked during a domestic flight by a hijacker demanded to be taken to Sweden. The aircraft with 64 passengers aboard returned and landed at Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport. Upon landing, the hijacker was arrested by Soviet authorities. No casualties were reported.[99] On 18 September 1991 at 14:30 EEST (11:30 UTC), an Euro-Flite Dassault Falcon 20
Falcon 20
business jet, carrying 2 crew and 10 passengers, landed on the runway of Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport with its right main gear failed to lock in its extended position. The captain used ailerons and wheel brakes to hold the aircraft on the runway as far as possible until most speed was lost. Thereafter the aircraft came down smoothly on its right wing-tip while continuing to move turning to the right. At the end of the landing run the aircraft left the runway and stopped about 8 m outside the runway edge. There was no fire. The aircraft involved was OH-FFA and it got substantial damage, but was later repaired. The flight had departed from Helsinki Airport
Helsinki Airport
with Tallinn
Tallinn
as its destination. No injuries were reported.[100] On 20 February 1993 Aeroflot
Aeroflot
Flight 2134, a Tupolev
Tupolev
Tu-134
Tu-134
flying from Tyumen to St. Petersburg, was hijacked during a domestic flight by a hijacker demanded to be taken to the United States. As there were not enough fuel, he initially demanded to be taken to Helsinki, but agreed to land in Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport. After the landing and five and half hours of negotiations 30 passengers were released. The plane then departed and next landed to Stockholm Arlanda Airport, where the hijacker, who was accompanied by his wife and child, peacefully surrendered to Swedish authorities.[101] On 24 November 1994 a Komiavia Tupolev
Tupolev
Tu-134
Tu-134
flying from Syktyvkar Airport to Pulkovo Airport
Pulkovo Airport
was hijacked by group of three hijackers, who demanded to be taken to Denmark. They surrendered after landing in Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport and several hours of negotiations.[102] On 10 February 2003 an Enimex
Enimex
Antonov
Antonov
An-28
An-28
crashed while heading to Helsinki Airport
Helsinki Airport
during a regular cargo flight. The aircraft banked right during climb and crashed nose down into some trees shortly after takeoff, 300 metres from Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport. The aircraft involved was ES-NOY. The captain and first officer were killed during the crash, while a flight engineer was injured.[103][104] On 27 March 2006 an Airest
Airest
Let L-410UVP-E20C caught fire while standing in Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport. The aircraft involved was ES-LLG, it received substantial damage, but was later repaired. No injuries were reported.[105]

Antonov
Antonov
An-26
An-26
on the ice of Lake Ülemiste.

On 18 March 2010 an Exin Antonov
Antonov
An-26
An-26
aircraft made an emergency landing on the frozen Lake Ülemiste, close to Lennart Meri
Lennart Meri
Tallinn Airport. Initial reports indicated problems with the landing gear and one of the engines.[106] The flight was operated by Exin on behalf of DHL. The aircraft involved was SP-FDO and the flight had departed from Helsinki Airport. Two of the six crew members were injured.[107] The wrecked plane was later towed to the parking position near the main taxiway and used for rescue trainings until 5 June 2015, when it was partly disassembled and transferred to the search and rescue school in Väike-Maarja.[108] The airport plans to buy another used plane to continue trainings on site.[109] On 25 August 2010 an Exin Antonov
Antonov
An-26
An-26
aircraft made an emergency landing on the runway of Lennart Meri
Lennart Meri
Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport. Initial reports indicated problems with the landing gear during takeoff. The flight was being operated by Exin on behalf of DHL. The aircraft involved was SP-FDP and the flight was scheduled to fly to Helsinki Airport. None of the four crew members were injured.[110] On 8 February 2013 an ULS Airlines Cargo
ULS Airlines Cargo
Airbus A300B4 aircraft skidded off the taxiway during taxiing following a normal landing. All flight operations were cancelled for two and a half hours, except those of planes with shortened takeoff and landing capability, which do not require the whole length of the runway and were cleared for takeoff. Planes en route to Tallinn
Tallinn
were redirected to Helsinki and Riga.[111] The aircraft involved was TC-KZV and the flight had departed from Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen Airport.[112] No injuries were reported.[113] On 14 August 2014 an Estonian Air
Estonian Air
Bombardier CRJ900NG aircraft made an emergency landing on the runway of Lennart Meri
Lennart Meri
Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport. The plane, carrying 86 people, was forced to land at Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport shortly after take off because of left hand main gear tyre was blown on takeoff at 18:10. After airport crews scoured the runway and found tire debris, the pilots were alerted. After burning off most of its fuel, the plane touched down without incident in Tallinn
Tallinn
at around 20:30.[114] The aircraft involved was ES-ACC and the flight was scheduled to fly to Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. No injuries were reported.[115] On 11 July 2015 at 5:12 a.m. EEST (02:12 UTC) an Aviastar-TU Tupolev
Tupolev
Tu-204 aircraft arriving from Novosibirsk Tolmachevo Airport blew two of its right hand main gear tyres after landing. No damage to the runway or injuries were reported. The plane was towed to a parking position for repairs.[116] On 28 February 2018 a Smartlynx Airlines
Smartlynx Airlines
Airbus A320-214 made an emergency landing 150 meters from the runway during a touch-and-go landing exercise. After a successful runway approach, the aircraft was unable to regain altitude and collided with the runway. During the collision, the aircraft's engines touched the runway, and the covering flaps of the aircraft's main landing gear fell apart. The aircraft managed to regain altitude after the collision and turn back to make a landing, but after the turn both engines stopped. The pilot made an emergency landing about 150 meters from the runway, stopping at about 15 meters south of the runway. All of the aircraft's tires broke in the course of the training. The instructor and one of the students sustained mild injuries as a result of the accident.[117]

See also[edit]

List of the busiest airports in the Baltic states List of the busiest airports in the former USSR Transport in Estonia

References[edit]

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Tallinn
Airport - Traffic Report 2017" (PDF). Tallinn Airport. 8 January 2018. Retrieved 13 January 2018.  ^ a b "eAIP Estonia". Estonian Air
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19 March 2009: Lennart Meri
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Air Traffic Restored". ERR. 8 February 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013.  ^ Hradecky, Simon (8 February 2013). "Incident: ULS A30B at Tallinn
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Airport Draws Major Response". ERR. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014.  ^ "Plane makes emergency landing in Estonia". The Baltic Times. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014.  ^ "Tallinnas maandunud kaubalennukil purunesid kaks põhiteliku rehvit". Ärileht.ee (in Estonian). www.delfi.ee. 11 July 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015.  ^ "Plane to make emergency landing in Tallinn
Tallinn
landed with stopped engines". ERR. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018. 

External links[edit] Media related to Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport at Wikimedia Commons

Official website Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport GH official website Accident history for TLL at Aviation Safety Network Current weather for EETN at NOAA/NWS

Estonia
Estonia
portal Aviation portal

v t e

Tallinn
Tallinn
landmarks

Buildings and structures

Toompea
Toompea
Castle Town Hall Old Thomas Kiek in de Kök St Mary's Cathedral St. Olaf's church St. Nicholas' Church Church of the Holy Ghost Alexander Nevsky Cathedral Saint Catherine's Monastery Town Hall Pharmacy Great Guild Pikk Hermann
Pikk Hermann
tower Knighthood House Stenbock House Kadriorg
Kadriorg
Palace Pirita Monastery Glehn Castle
Glehn Castle
( Tallinn
Tallinn
Observatory) Maarjamäe Manor TV Tower Linnahall Patarei Sea Fortress-Prison Independence War Victory Column Bronze Soldier Charles Leroux Monument Russalka Memorial Raekoja plats Walls of Tallinn House of the Brotherhood of Blackheads

Precincts

Historic Centre ( Toompea
Toompea
Hill) Kadriorg Kalamaja

Nature and parks

Tallinn
Tallinn
Zoo Tallinn
Tallinn
Botanic Garden Lake Ülemiste Lake Harku Pirita River Aegna
Aegna
island Kadriorg
Kadriorg
Park (Japanese Garden) Danish King's Garden Kanuti Garden Kuberneri Garden Komandandi Garden Toompark Hirvepark Harjumägi Lindamägi Tammsaare Park Police Garden Löwenruh Park Glehn Park Jüriöö Park Pae Park Lillepi Park Kakumäe Coastal Park Kopli cemetery Kalamaja
Kalamaja
cemetery Metsakalmistu cemetery

Beaches

Pirita Beach Stroomi Beach Kakumäe Beach Harku Beach Pikakari Beach

Cultural settings

Museums and galleries

Kumu (Art Museum of Estonia
Estonia
main branch) Mikkel Museum Estonian Open Air Museum
Estonian Open Air Museum
(Kolu kõrts) Estonian Maritime Museum
Estonian Maritime Museum
( Seaplane
Seaplane
Harbour) Estonian Firefighting Museum Estonian History Museum Estonian Museum of Natural History Estonian Health Care Museum Estonian Theatre and Music Museum Museum of Estonian Architecture Museum of Occupations Tallinn
Tallinn
Car Museum

Theatres

Estonia
Estonia
Theatre Estonian Drama Theatre Theatre NO99 Russian Theatre Estonian Puppet Theatre Tallinn
Tallinn
City Theatre Von Krahl Theatre

Other

National Library
Library
of Estonia Song Festival Grounds Culture Factory Polymer

Science and education

Tallinn
Tallinn
University Tallinn
Tallinn
University of Technology Estonian Academy of Arts Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre Estonian Academy of Security Sciences Estonian Maritime Academy Tallinn
Tallinn
University of Applied Sciences Estonian Business School Estonian Academy of Sciences

Sports

Pirita Yachting Centre A. Le Coq Arena Kadriorg
Kadriorg
Stadium Kalevi Keskstaadion Saku Suurhall Kalev Sports Hall Tondiraba Ice Hall Pirita Velodrome Mustamäe Ski Jumping Hill Tallinna Hipodroom Pirita-Kose-Kloostrimetsa Circuit

Transportation

Port of Tallinn

Tallinn
Tallinn
Passenger Port Muuga Cargo Port Paljassaare Harbour

Bekker Port Tallinn
Tallinn
Airport Railway station Tallinn
Tallinn
Bus Station Tallinna Linnatranspordi AS

Events

Estonian Song Festival Estonian Dance Festival Tallinn
Tallinn
Black Nights Film Festival Tallinn
Tallinn
Old Town Days Tallinn
Tallinn
Marathon Tallinn
Tallinn
Music Week Tallinn
Tallinn
Christmas Market Õllesummer Tallinn
Tallinn
Legends

v t e

Airports in Estonia

International

Tallinn Tartu

Domestic

Kärdla Kuressaare Pärnu Ruhnu

v t e

Airports built in the Soviet Union

Military

Active

Borisoglebskoye Airfield Burevestnik Dzyomgi Kirovsk-Apatity Klyuchi Air Base Kondinskoye Levashovo Magdagachi Poltava Air Base Pugachev Air Base Rzhev Air Base Samara Kryazh Saratov West Air Base Tatishchevo Air Base Tiksi West Airfield Tilichiki Tushino Airfield Uka Yaroslavl Levtsovo Yevpatoria Yugorsk Sovetsky

Defunct

Baherove Air Base Bakharevka Jonava Lenino Saratov South Air Base Smirnykh Air Base Tiksi Vetrovoye Air Base

Civilian

Active

International

Almaty Astana Belgorod Cherkasy Dnipropetrovsk Domodedovo Dushanbe Havryshivka Vinnytsia Heydar Aliyev Irkutsk Issyk-Kul Karakol Kazan Kemerovo Kharkiv Kherson Kogalym Kurumoch Lviv Danylo Halytskyi Magnitogorsk Mariupol Navoi Palanga Riga Roshchino Sabetta Sheremetyevo Shymkent Simferopol Sochi Strigino Surgut Tashkent Tbilisi Ufa Uzhhorod Ventspils Vilnius Vnukovo Volgograd Voronezh Yemelyanovo Zvartnots

Aktobe Aldan Alykel Arkalyk Atbasar Balakovo Baley Barnaul Batagay Batken Baykit Begishevo Belaya Gora Berezniki Beslan Biysk Bogashevo Boguchany Bugulma Bykovo Chara Chaybukha Cheboksary Chelyabinsk Cherepovets Chersky Chistopol Chokurdakh Cholpon-Ata Chulman Deputatsky Dikson Dudinka Ekibastuz Elista Erbogachen Gomel Gorno-Altaysk Grozny Hrodna Igarka Inta Irkutsk Northwest Isfana Iul'tin Ivanovo Yuzhny Izhevsk Izhma Jalal-Abad Kadala Kaluga Kärdla Kaunas Kazachinskoe Kazarman Keperveyem Kerben Khanty-Mansiysk Kharkiv North Khatanga Khmelnytskyi Kiev Chaika Airfield Kimry Kirensk Kolpashevo Koltsovo Kostroma Kotlas Krasnokamensk Krasnovishersk Kuressaare Kurgan Kyren Kyzyl Kyzyl-Kiya Kyzyl-Syr Lavrentiya Lipetsk Lutsk Magadan-13 Magan Mama Markovo Maykop Menzelinsk Mezen Milkovo Mineralnye Vody Minsk National Airport Mirny Mogilev Moma Murmansk Myachkovo Mys Shmidta Nadym Nalchik Naryn Nazran Neftekamsk Nefteyugansk Nikolayevsk-on-Amur Nikolsk Nikolskoye Nizhneangarsk Nizhnevartovsk Novy Urengoy Noyabrsk Nyagan Nyurba Oktyabrsky Olyokminsk Omsk Tsentralny Oral Ak Zhol Orenburg Tsentralny Orsk Oryol Yuzhny Osh Oskemen Palana Pavlodar Pechora Penza Petropavl Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky Pevek Plekhanovo Plestsy Pobedilovo Podkamennaya Tunguska Polotsk Polyarny Provideniya Bay Pulkovo Pushkin Raduzhny Rostov-on-Don Rzhevka Sakkyryr Salekhard Salka Saransk Saratov Tsentralny Sarmany Sarov Sary-Arka Semenovskoye Shidrovo Semey Semyazino Severny Severo-Eniseysk Severo-Evensk Seymchan Sharypovo Shimanovsk Shirak Sibay Smolensk South Snezhnogorsk Magadan-Sokol Solovki Sovetsky Spichenkovo Srednekolymsk Staraya Russa Staroselye Stary Oskol Stavropol Shpakovskoye Stepanavan Strezhevoy Sumy Susuman Svetlogorsk Svobodny Syktyvkar Syktyvkar Southwest Taksimo Talas Tallinn Tambov Donskoye Tamga Tartu Tasayevo Teply Klyuch Ternopil Tokmok Toktogul Tolmachevo Tretyakovo Tunoshna Tura Turlatovo Turukhansk Tynda Ufa Maximovka Ukhta Uktus Ulan-Ude Vostochny Ulyanovsk Baratayevka Ulyanovsk Vostochny Uray Usinsk Ust-Ilimsk Ust-Kamchatsk Ust-Kut Ust-Kuyga Ust-Maya Ust-Nera Ust-Pakhachi Ust-Tsilma Uytash Vanavara Varandey Vaskovo Velikiye Luki Veliky Ustyug Verkhnevilyuysk Verkhnyaya Toyma Vilyuysk Vitebsk Vostochny Vologda Vorkuta Vuktyl Yakutsk Yamburg Yeltsovka Yeniseysk Yermolino Yoshkar-Ola Yuzhno-Kurilsk Mendeleyevo Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Zavodske Zaysan Zheleznogorsk Zhytomyr Zonalnoye Zyryanka Zyryanka West

Defunct

International

Donetsk

Chernihiv Shestovytsia Goris Kanysh-Kiya Kazan-2 Kerch Khanskaya Kozyrevsk Minsk-1 Novgorod Rubtsovsk Severouralsk Talagi Tarnogsky Gorodok Yelabuga North Yugarenok

Joint Use

Active

International

Baikal Manas Odessa Perm Zhukovsky Sevastopol

Achinsk Amderma Bagdarin Bratsk Chelyabinsk Shagol Erebuni Ignatyevo Krasnoyarsk Cheremshanka Kursk Vostochny Kurumkan Naryan-Mar Orlik Petrozavodsk Sukhumi Babushara Suntar Taldykorgan Ugolny Vyazma Yeysk

Defunct

Pskov

Other

Bezymyanka Gromov Flight Research Instit

.