Lying in repose is the tradition in which the body of a deceased person, often of high social stature, is made available for public viewing
. Lying in repose differs from the more formal honor of lying in state
, which is generally held at the principal government building of the deceased person's country and often accompanied by a guard of honour
In the United States of America
, "lying in state" is generally considered to be when one's body is placed in the rotunda of the United States Capitol
. When the deceased person is placed in another location, like the Great Hall of the Supreme Court
, they lie in repose, as was the case following the deaths of Justices Antonin Scalia
in February 2016 and Ruth Bader Ginsburg
in September 2020.
The remains of presidents
who die in office generally lie in repose in the East Room
of the White House
while those of a deceased former president generally lie in repose in his home state
. However, as an example to the contrary, when the body of John F. Kennedy
lay in repose, the term meant "private" as opposed to a public lying in state.
The body of Babe Ruth
lay in repose in Yankee Stadium.
Not everyone eligible to lie in state in the Capitol Rotunda does so. For instance, the body of former President Richard Nixon
lay in repose at the Richard Nixon Presidential Library
in Yorba Linda, California
, Senator Edward Kennedy
's body lay in repose at the John F. Kennedy Library
in Boston, Massachusetts
, and Senator Robert Byrd
's body lay in repose in the Senate chamber at the Capitol.
, when deceased governors general
and prime ministers
lie anywhere outside of the Centre Block
of Parliament Hill
, they lie in repose. In the Hall of Honour, the Senate, or the foyer of the House of Commons, they lie in state
At the provincial, territorial or local levels, current and former politicians may lie in state or repose in government buildings.
* Ancient Greek funeral and burial practices
*Missing man formation
*Vigil of the Princes
Lying in repose vs lying in state