golden wedding anniversary
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A wedding anniversary is the
anniversary An anniversary is the date on which an event took place or an institution was founded in a previous year, and may also refer to the commemoration or celebration of that event. For example, the first event is the initial occurrence or, if plan ...
of the date a
wedding A wedding is a ceremony A ceremony (, ) is a unified ritual A ritual is a sequence of activities involving gesture A gesture is a form of non-verbal communication or non-vocal communication Communication (from Latin ''communic ...

wedding
took place. Traditional names exist for some of them: for instance, fifty years of marriage is called a "golden wedding anniversary", "golden anniversary" or "golden wedding".


Recognition

Celebrating wedding anniversaries as ''gold'' or ''silver'' is documented in Germanic countries since the 1500s. In the twentieth century, commercialism led to the celebration of more anniversaries according to a list of predetermined gifts. In the
Commonwealth realm A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state A sovereign state is a polity, political entity represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law defines sovereign states as having a perma ...
s, one can receive a message from the Commonwealth realm monarchies, monarch for 60th, 65th, and 70th wedding anniversaries, and any wedding anniversary after that. This is done by applying to Buckingham Palace in the United Kingdom, or to the Governor-General's office in the other Commonwealth realms. In Australia, where one can receive a letter of congratulations from the Governor-General of Australia, Governor-General on the 50th and all subsequent wedding anniversaries; the Prime Minister of Australia, Prime Minister, the federal Opposition leader, local members of both state and federal parliaments, and state Governors may also send salutations for the same anniversaries. In Canada, one can also receive a message from the Governor-General of Canada, Governor-General for the 50th anniversary, and every fifth anniversary after that. In the United States, a couple can receive an anniversary greeting card from the President of the United States, President for the 50th and all subsequent anniversaries. Roman Catholicism, Roman Catholics may apply for a papal blessing through their local diocese for wedding anniversaries of a special nature (25th, 50th, 60th, etc.).


Celebration and gifts

The names of some anniversaries provide guidance for appropriate or traditional gifts for the spouses to give each other; if there is a party these can be brought by the guests or influence the theme or decoration. These gifts vary in different countries, but some years have well-established connections now common to most nations: 5th Wood, 10th Tin, 15th lead glass, Crystal, 20th Tableware, China, 25th Silver Jubilee, Silver, 30th Pearl, 35th Jade, 40th Ruby Jubilee, Ruby, 45th Sapphire, 50th Golden Jubilee, Gold, 60th Diamond Jubilee, Diamond, and 70th Platinum Jubilee, Platinum. In English-speaking world, English-speaking countries the first, wooden, gift was cut on the day of celebration and then presented to the wife as a finished article before the next two quarter days had passed. In 1937, the American National Retail Jeweler Association (now known as Jewelers of America as a result of an organizational merger) introduced an expanded list of gifts. The revamped list gave a gift for each year up to the 25th, and then for every fifth anniversary after that.Lee, Cookie (October 2001). ''Wedding Anniversaries: From Paper to Diamond''. Ryland Peters & Small.


Traditional anniversary gifts


Flower gifts


See also

* Hierarchy of precious substances


References


External links

* * {{DEFAULTSORT:Wedding Anniversary Anniversaries Wedding