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buildingSMART, formerly the International Alliance for
Interoperability Interoperability is a characteristic of a product or system, whose interfaces are completely understood, to work with other products or systems, at present or in the future, in either implementation or access, without any restrictions. While the ...

Interoperability
(IAI), is an international organisation which aims to improve the exchange of information between software applications used in the
construction Construction is a general term meaning the and to form , , or ,"Construction" def. 1.a. 1.b. and 1.c. ''Oxford English Dictionary'' Second Edition on CD-ROM (v. 4.0) Oxford University Press 2009 and comes from ''constructio'' (from ''com-' ...

construction
industry. It has developed
Industry Foundation Classes The Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) data model is intended to describe architectural, building and construction industry data. It is a platform neutral, open file format specification that is not controlled by a single vendor or group of vendors. ...
(IFCs) as a neutral and open specification for
Building Information Model Building information modeling (BIM) is a process supported by various tools, technologies and contracts involving the generation and management of digital representations of physical and functional characteristics of places. Building information ...
s (BIM).


History

The IAI started in 1994Bazjanac, V. and Crawley, D.B. (1997) ''The implementation of Industry Foundation Classes in simulation tools for the building industry'' - http://www.inive.org/members_area/medias/pdf/Inive/IBPSA/UFSC585.pdf (accessed: 6 February 2012) as an industry consortium of 12 US companies invited by
Autodesk Autodesk, Inc. is an American multinational corporation, multinational software corporation that makes software products and services for the architecture, engineering, construction, manufacturing, media, education, and entertainment industries. A ...
to advise on developing a set of C++ classes to support integrated application development. The other founding members were
AT&T AT&T Inc. is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, a s ...
; Archibus; Carrier Corporation; Hellmuth, Obata & Kassabaum (HOK); Honeywell; Jaros, Baum & Bolles (JB&B); Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory; Primavera Systems; Softdesk; Sage Group, Timberline Software Corp; and Tishman Research Corp (part of Tishman Realty & Construction). The new technology was first demonstrated in June 1995 in Atlanta at A/E/C SYSTEMS '95.A/E/C Industry Alliance for Interoperability Links Building Industry Professions AT&T, Carrier Corp., Honeywell, Inc. and HOK Among Founding Members. 17 April 1995. http://www.thefreelibrary.com/A%2FE%2FC+Industry+Alliance+for+Interoperability+Links+Building+Industry...-a016817760 (accessed: 6 February 2012
archived
This Industry Alliance for Interoperability opened membership to all interested parties in September 1995 and in May 1996 was renamed the International Alliance for Interoperability as Autodesk users insisted that the IFCs should be non-proprietary and urged development of the IFC standard. The first version of IFC was published in June 1996 at which point 26 companies, including Autodesk, Bentley Systems, Bentley, Nemetschek and IEZ, committed to making their software IFC-compliant. The IAI was reconstituted as a not-for-profit industry-led organisation, promoting the Industry Foundation Class (IFC) as a neutral product model supporting the building lifecycle.Eastman, Charles M., and Eastman, Chuck (2008) ''BIM handbook: a guide to building information modeling for owners, managers, designers, engineers, and contractors'' John Wiley & Sons, pp.72-73. In 2005, partly because its members felt the IAI name was too long and complex for people to understand, it was renamed buildingSMART. It has regional chapters in Europe, North America, Australia, Asia and the Middle East.


Activities

BuildingSMART says it develops and maintains international standards for openBIM, combining: *buildingSMART Processes - information delivery manuals *buildingSMART Data Dictionary - it maintains the International Framework for Dictionaries (IFD) Library *buildingSMART Data model - the organisation manages the software-neutral
Industry Foundation Classes The Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) data model is intended to describe architectural, building and construction industry data. It is a platform neutral, open file format specification that is not controlled by a single vendor or group of vendors. ...
(IFC) data model buildingSMART also maintains the BIM Collaboration Format (BCF), a structured file format used for issue tracking in relation to building information models.


Chapters

BuildingSMART has several chapters around the world. * Australasia * Benelux * Canada * China * Finland * France * German speaking * Hong Kong * Italy * Japan * Korea * Malaysia * Nordic * North America * Norway * Polandhttps://buildingsmart.org.pl/oficjalnie-stowarzyszenie-buildingsmart-polska-oddzialem-miedzynarodowej-organizacji-buildingsmart/ * Russia * Singapore * Spain * Switzerland * UK & Ireland (in January 2018, the UK chapter merged with the UK BIM Alliance)


External links

*


References

{{Authority control Industrial computing 1994 establishments in Germany Building information modeling