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Arianism is a Christological doctrine first attributed to
Arius Arius (; grc-koi, Ἄρειος, ; 250 or 256–336) was a Cyrenaic The Cyrenaics or Kyrenaics ( grc, Κυρηναϊκοί; ''Kyrēnaïkoí'') were a sensual hedonist Hedonism refers to a family of theories, all of which have in common th ...

Arius
(), a Christian
presbyter In the New Testament The New Testament grc, Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, Transliteration, transl. ; la, Novum Testamentum. (NT) is the second division of the Biblical canon#Christian canons, Christian biblical canon. It discusses the te ...
in
Alexandria, Egypt ) , name = Alexandria ( or ; ar, الإسكندرية ; arz, اسكندرية ; Coptic: Rakodī; el, Αλεξάνδρεια ''Alexandria'') is the third-largest city in Egypt Egypt ( ; ar, مِصر ...

Alexandria, Egypt
. Arian theology holds that the Son of God is not co-eternal with God the Father and is distinct from the Father (therefore subordinate to him). However, as in mainstream
Trinitarianism The Christian theology, Christian doctrine of the Trinity (, from "threefold") defines God in Christianity , God as being Monotheism, one god existing in three wikt:coequal , coequal, wikt:coeternal , coeternal, Consubstantiality , consubst ...
, Arianism holds that
Jesus Christ Jesus, likely from he, יֵשׁוּעַ, translit=Yēšūaʿ, label=Hebrew Hebrew (, , or ) is a Northwest Semitic languages, Northwest Semitic language of the Afroasiatic languages, Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it i ...

Jesus Christ
is the
Son of God Historically, many rulers have assumed titles such as the son of God, the son of a God or the son of heaven. The term "son of God" is used in the Hebrew Bible The Hebrew Bible or Tanakh (; Hebrew: , or ), is the Biblical canon, canonical ...
, who was begotten by
God the Father God the Father is a title given to God in various religions, most prominently in Christianity. In mainstream trinity, trinitarian Christianity, God the Father is regarded as the first person of the Trinity, followed by the second person, God t ...

God the Father
. The term ''Arian'' is derived from the name Arius and, like the term ''Christian'', it was not what they called themselves, but rather a term used by outsiders. The nature of Arius's teachings and his supporters were opposed to the theological views held by
Homoousian Homoousion (; grc, ὁμοούσιον, lit=same in being, same in essence, from , , "same" and , , "being" or "essence") is a Christian theological Christian theology is the theology Theology is the systematic study of the nature of the D ...
Christians, regarding the nature of the Trinity and the nature of Christ. The Arian concept of Christ is based on the belief that the Son of God did not always exist but was begotten within time by God the Father, therefore Jesus was not co-eternal with God the Father. There was a controversy between two interpretations of Jesus' divinity (
Homoousianism Homoousion (; , from , ''homós'', "same" and , '' ousía'', "being" or "essence") is a Christian theological term, most notably used in the Nicene Creed The Nicene Creed (; grc-gre, Σύμβολον τῆς Νικαίας; la, Symbolum Nic ...
and Arianism) based upon the theological orthodoxy of the time, one Trinitarian and the other also a derivative of Trinitarian orthodoxy, and both of them attempted to solve its respective theological dilemmas. The former was formally affirmed by the first two
ecumenical councils An ecumenical council (or oecumenical council; also general council) is a conference of ecclesiastical {{Short pages monitor