alkoxy
   HOME

TheInfoList



In
chemistry Chemistry is the science, scientific study of the properties and behavior of matter. It is a natural science that covers the Chemical element, elements that make up matter to the chemical compound, compounds composed of atoms, molecules and i ...
, the alkoxy group is an
alkyl In organic chemistry, an alkyl substituent is an alkane missing one hydrogen. The term alkyl is intentionally unspecific to include many possible substitutions. An acyclic alkyl has the general formula of C''n''H2''n''+1. A cycloalkyl is derived ...
(carbon and hydrogen chain) group singularly bonded to
oxygen Oxygen is the chemical element with the chemical symbol, symbol O and atomic number 8. It is a member of the chalcogen Group (periodic table), group in the periodic table, a highly Chemical reaction, reactive nonmetal, and an oxidizing a ...

oxygen
; thus R–O. The range of alkoxy group is vast, the simplest being
methoxy A methoxy group is the functional group consisting of a methyl group bound to oxygen Oxygen is the chemical element with the chemical symbol, symbol O and atomic number 8. It is a member of the chalcogen Group (periodic table), group ...
(CH3O–). An ethoxy group (CH3CH2O–) is found in the organic compound
ethyl phenyl ether Ethyl phenyl ether or phenetole is an organic compound , CH4; is among the simplest organic compounds. In chemistry, organic compounds are generally any chemical compounds that contain carbon-hydrogen chemical bond, bonds. Due to carbon's abilit ...

ethyl phenyl ether
, C6H5OCH2CH3 which is also known as ethoxybenzene. Related to alkoxy groups are aryloxy groups, which have an
aryl In the context of organic molecules, aryl is any functional group In organic chemistry, a functional group is a substituent or moiety in a molecule File:Pentacene on Ni(111) STM.jpg, A scanning tunneling microscopy image of pentacene mole ...
group singular bonded to oxygen such as the phenoxy group (C6H5O–). An alkoxy or aryloxy group bonded to an alkyl or aryl (R1–O–R2) is an
ether Ethers are a class of organic compounds that contain an ether functional group, group—an oxygen atom connected to two alkyl or aryl groups. They have the general formula R–O–R′, where R and R′ represent the alkyl or aryl groups. Ethers ...

ether
. If bonded to H it is an
alcohol File:Alcohol general.svg, upright=0.8, The bond angle between a hydroxyl group (-OH) and a chain of carbon atoms (R) In chemistry, alcohol is an organic compound that carries at least one hydroxyl functional group (−OH) bound to a Saturated ...

alcohol
. An
alkoxide An alkoxide is the conjugate base of an alcohol and therefore consists of an organic group bonded to a negatively charged oxygen atom. They are written as RO−, where R is the organic substituent. Alkoxides are strong Base (chemistry), bases ...
(RO) is the ionic or salt form; it is a derivative of an alcohol where the
proton A proton is a subatomic particle, symbol or , with a positive electric charge of +1''e'' elementary charge and a mass slightly less than that of a neutron. Protons and neutrons, each with masses of approximately one atomic mass unit, are collecti ...

proton
has been replaced by a
metal A metal (from Ancient Greek, Greek μέταλλον ''métallon'', "mine, quarry, metal") is a material that, when freshly prepared, polished, or fractured, shows a lustrous appearance, and conducts Electrical resistivity and conductivity, el ...

metal
, typically
sodium Sodium is a chemical element Image:Simple Periodic Table Chart-blocks.svg, 400px, Periodic table, The periodic table of the chemical elements In chemistry, an element is a pure substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same num ...

sodium
. {{DEFAULTSORT:Alkoxy Group Functional groups