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Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
(Serbian Cyrillic: Зрењанин, pronounced [zrɛ̌ɲanin]; Hungarian: Nagybecskerek; Slovak: Zreňanin) is a city and the administrative center of the Central Banat
Banat
District in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The city urban area has a population of 76,511 inhabitants, while the city administrative area has 123,362 inhabitants (2011 census data). Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
is the largest city in the Serbian part of the Banat geographical region, and the third largest city in Vojvodina
Vojvodina
(after Novi Sad
Novi Sad
and Subotica).

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Prehistory 2.2 Middle Ages 2.3 Ottoman period 2.4 Habsburg and Austrian period (1718–1914) 2.5 World War I and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia 2.6 Second World War and SFR Yugoslavia 2.7 After 1991

3 Geography

3.1 Inhabited places 3.2 Neighbourhoods in Zrenjanin 3.3 Climate

4 Demographics

4.1 Ethnic groups 4.2 Religion

5 Economy 6 Transportation 7 Culture

7.1 Main sights 7.2 Tourism 7.3 Sports

8 Notable residents 9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns — sister cities

10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Name[edit]

Lion in Županija Park

The city was named after Žarko Zrenjanin
Žarko Zrenjanin
(1902–1942) in honour and remembrance of his name in 1946. He was one of the leaders of the Vojvodina
Vojvodina
communist Partisans. During World War II, he was imprisoned and released after being tortured by the Nazis for months.[citation needed] Later he was killed while trying to avoid being recaptured. The former Serbian name of the city was Bečkerek (Бечкерек) or Veliki Bečkerek (Велики Бечкерек). In 1935 the city was renamed to Petrovgrad (Петровград) in honor of king Peter I of Serbia. It was called Petrovgrad from 1935 to 1946. In Hungarian, the city is known as Nagybecskerek, in German as Großbetschkerek or Betschkerek, in Romanian as Becicherecul Mare or Zrenianin, in Slovak as Zreňanin, in Rusin as Зрењанин, in Croatian as Zrenjanin, and in Turkish as Beşkelek (meaning five melons) or Beçkerek. It is assumed[by whom?][citation needed] that Zrenjanin's original name, Bečkerek/Becskerek, comes from Hungarian word kerek ("forest, grove") and the surname of the 14th-century nobleman, Imre Becsei, who had large estates in the area. Therefore, the name would be translated into English as "Becsei's Forest". The original name received an adjective meaning "great/big/major" in the languages of the Banat (Serbian: Veliki or Велики, Danube Swabian: Groß, Hungarian: Nagy, Romanian: Mare), to distinguish it from a village of the same name in the Romanian Banat, that is usually referred to as small Bečkerek (cf. Serbian: Mali Bečkerek or Мали Бечкерек, Danube Swabian: Kleinbetschkerek, Romanian: Becicherecu Mic, Hungarian: Kisbecskerek). History[edit] Prehistory[edit]

Old postcard of Zrenjanin

Prehistory can be divided into the Palaeolithic
Palaeolithic
– Old Stone Age and the Neolithic
Neolithic
– New Stone Age. In Zrenjanin's regions no archaeological sites of the Palaeolithic
Palaeolithic
have been found. The only exception makes the discovery of mammoth’s head and other bones found on the banks of Tisa River
Tisa River
near Novi Bečej
Novi Bečej
in the year 1952. The discovered archaeological sites, however, indicate that these regions had already been inhabited in the early Neolithic
Neolithic
period about 5000 years BC. The most important archaeological site from this period is so-called Krstić tumulus, near Mužlja, about 10 km (6 mi) away from Zrenjanin. Here were found the ceramics, with interesting ornaments. Beside the brewery ground have been found rough, with coloured fine ceramics, ornaments (Starčevo culture). The middle Neolithic
Neolithic
appeared in our area as Vinča and Potisje
Potisje
culture, in the down course of the Tisa River. What makes this area important is the fact that the influence of two parallel cultures flew through it at the same time. The Iron Age
Iron Age
has not been enough explored yet. A few regions with some archaeological materials from the Iron Age
Iron Age
have been found: in the residential area Šumica a tip of a spear was found and near the oil factory, pieces of ceramics from the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
were discovered. At the beginning of the common era, this area was settled by many native tribes, but also by many newcomer tribes: the Illyrians, the Celts, the Goths, the Geths, the Sarmatian
Sarmatian
and Jazghs. In the end of the 3rd century and in the middle of the 4th century, in the area of Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
and its surroundings, the Sarmatian
Sarmatian
tribe Roxolani
Roxolani
appeared. From this period a Sarmatian’s graveyard has been found in a city residential district, near the railroad bridge. Finally in the necropolis, not far from Aradac, “Mečka”, more than 120 graves, which date from the end of the 6th and the beginning of the 7th century, have been excavated in 1952. Middle Ages[edit]

Ottoman city of Bečkerek (Zrenjanin) in 1697–98, including mosque with minaret that dominated the city.

The first historical records mentioning Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
(Bečkerek) date from the 14th century, the time when Charles I, King of Hungary
Hungary
and Croatia (1301–1342), used to visit Banat
Banat
and spend time in his capital Timișoara. (Near today's Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
a coin was found with the inscription "Charles I".) Many noblemen came with the King, including the powerful Imre Becsei. The areas where Becsei settled down were named for him, “Bechereki” and “Beche” (Novi Bečej). The oldest written records of Bečkerek date from Budim Capitulum’s document of collecting the Pope’s tens taxes in 1326, 1331 and 1332. Judging by the size of the taxes, Bečkerek of 1330’s was an average village. The first settlers were the landless Hungarian peasants. There were the Serbs
Serbs
in Banat, too. During the reign of Louis I of Hungary
Hungary
(1343–1382), more Serbs
Serbs
migrated to the area from the south, and with them many Orthodox priests. In the 15th century Bečkerek was mostly populated by Serbias, but after the Kosovo battle
Kosovo battle
(1389), Turks migrated here too. After the Turkish victory at the battle of Nicopolis (1396) the Hungarian King Sigismund
King Sigismund
(1387–1437) was considering defending the territory settled by the Serbs, and he is known to have visited Bečkerek on September 30, 1398. The town was granted to Stefan Lazarević at the end of the 1403. The despot became the vassal of the Hungarian King; but he got Bečkerek and the title of the Great Head of the Torontál County. Ottoman period[edit]

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha
Sokollu Mehmed Pasha
, founder of Bečkerek vakuf

The Hungarian King Ferdinand appointed friar Djordje Martinović, a commander of his forces, to defend the town from the Ottomans. Hungary was attacked by 80,000 Ottoman soldiers under the command of Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha. On September 15, 1551, the siege of the town Bečej
Bečej
was raised and the town was taken after four days. On September 24 the Bečkerek fortress was sieged. Many people left town earlier and with few defenders the town couldn't be defended and those eighty, who left surrendered the next day. Malković was appointed the lord of Bečkerek. After the Ottomans had taken Timișoara
Timișoara
in 1552, Banat became a special province, the Temeşvar Eyalet, which was made up of several sanjaks, one of which was the Sanjak of Beçkerek. During Ottoman occupation, the sanjak had a military administration. Due to good behaviour of the rayah, the inhabitants were exempt from war taxes. During the 165 years of Ottoman rule, Bečkerek consisted of two separate settlements: the settlement of Bečkerek and the village of Gradnulica. The town was divided into two parts, a Turkish and a Serbian. The Turkish part was fenced and closed, while the Serbian one was open. On the main square there was a large mosque built and inside the fortress there was a little one. There was a Turkish bath, and around it there were about twenty stores. Gradnulica was a disorderly village, whose centre was approximately on the crossroad of the present streets Sindjelićeva and Djurdjevska. Prior to Ottoman occupation, the citizens were Serbs
Serbs
and Hungarians. At the end of the 18th century there were about fifty Turkish families. According to the Treaty of Karlowitz
Treaty of Karlowitz
(1699), the Temeşvar Eyalet, including Bečkerek, stayed under Ottoman rule, while bordering territories once again came under the Military Frontier. After the Austro-Turkish War of 1716–18
Austro-Turkish War of 1716–18
Bečkerek went under Habsburg rule. Habsburg and Austrian period (1718–1914)[edit]

Theatre building, Zrenjanin

As a crown province, Banat
Banat
belonged directly to the Vienna
Vienna
court. The first governor, appointed by the Emperor, was Count Claudius Mercy. By the imperial edict on September 12, 1718, Banat
Banat
was divided into 13 districts, with the main administration in Timișoara
Timișoara
at its head. The District of Banat
Banat
included a few settlements: Idjoš, Arač, Bečej, Itebej, Elemir, Ečka
Ečka
and Aradac. The first chief of this district was Titus Vespanius Slucki. After the Turkish forces and Turks families had withdrawn, the land was left devastated without labour, which could till the soil and paid taxes. That’s why the Austrian court tried to settle Banat
Banat
as soon as possible. The colonization lasted from 1718 till 1724, when the town was settled mostly by Germans, but the Serbs
Serbs
never stopped arriving. The military frontier in Potisje
Potisje
was displaced. In the following years Italians, Frenchmen, Romanians
Romanians
arrived and then the Catalans from Barcelona, who settled in a place which is now the suburb of Dolja within Zrenjanin. The town was called New Barcelona. But the life was difficult in this marsh area with many contagious diseases, so many of them died and still many left. The permanent dangers for the newcomers were the Turkish gangs, who drove very often into the town plundering and killing people.

National Museum of Zrenjanin

In the summer of 1738 there was the great plague. The Count Mersy wanted to turn marshes into fertile soil and he began to regulate the Begej
Begej
River. In the middle and down course of the river a long canal was built, to make the river traffic possible between Bečkerek and Timișoara. On the first of November 1745 Sebastian Krazeisen began to make beer in the first brewery and that meant the first start of the industrialization. In the same year the first Serb’s school was mentioned. On 6 June 1769 Maria Theresa
Maria Theresa
granted the Community of Great Bečkerek, the privilege of becoming the trading centre. By this privilege the whole social-economic life of the former Bečkerek was regulated and it got the status of the town. In 1769 the first hospital was built. In 1779, by the new organization of Torontál County, Bečkerek became its centre. The city was briefly restored to Ottoman administration from 1787 to 1788 during Austro-Turkish War (1787–91).

Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
Court House

In the 18th century it developed into thriving economic and cultural centre, but the great fire destroyed a large portion of the town in 1807. The town was soon rebuilt. The fire came from the brewery, on 30 August 1807. After the fire a new regulation of streets had been done, houses had been built from stronger materials, roads had been rebuilt. The river traffic was especially intensive. The theatre building with an attractively decorated hall was built in 1839. In 1846 the Grammar School was opened and in 1847 the first printing shop. The 1848–49 Revolutions
1848–49 Revolutions
had its impact on Bečkerek. The Serbs revolted, aiming for autonomy within the Austrian Empire. At the May Assembly (13–15 May 1848), the Serbian Vojvodina
Vojvodina
was proclaimed, including most of what is today Vojvodina. Serbs
Serbs
from Bečkerek participated in the uprising against Hungarian authority (which refused Serb rights) and from 26 January to 29 April 1849 the town was under Serb rebel control. In 1849, the town became part of the Voivodeship of Serbia
Serbia
and Banat
Banat
of Temeschwar until 1860. Although that time was known in history as a period of Bach's absolutism, the second part of the 19th century brought the town new developing benefits. New industrial facilities and handicraft stores were opened in every part of the town. Late 19th and early 20th century was progressive period for Veliki Bečkerek. Railway arrived in 1883, while post office was opened back in 1737. World War I and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia[edit]

Begej
Begej
in Zrenjanin

After the Sarajevo assassination, more than 30 citizens of Bečkerek were accused by the Austria-Hungary’s authorities of high treason. Among them was Dr. Emil Gavrila, who together with Svetozar Miletić and Jaša Tomić, worked very hard on the cultural and social strengthening of Serbs. The Serbs
Serbs
recruited in the Austria-Hungary’s army began soon to desert, so that they would not fight against their own people. 7000 of them formed volunteer detachments (people were from Banat
Banat
and Srem) at the Eastern front and fought at Dobruja, but 79 of them fought on the Salonice front, too. After four hard years and the Golgotha of Serb people, the Serbs forces made a breakthrough of the Salonice front in 1918 and began to liberate their own country. The First Army in command of Vojvoda Petar Bojović freed Belgrade
Belgrade
on 1 November 1918 and began to free Vojvodina. On 17 November Serbian army arrived at Veliki Bečkerek. It was the last day of October 1918, when that the breath of freedom was felt, and the Serb Chamber of People of the town founded in the war conditions, as a temporary authority with Dr. Slavko Župunski at its head. Serb army, the infantry iron regiment “Duke Mihajlo” and the infantry brigade with Colonel Dragutin Ristić in command came into the town on 17 November 1918. A few days after Vojvodina
Vojvodina
had been freed, its provinces united with the Kingdom of Serbs
Serbs
and on December 1, 1918 the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
was founded, as the first South Slavic state. The town of Veliki Bečkerek became the administrative centre of Torontal-Tamiš County, and after its repealing, the town became the headquarters of District Office. In 1929 the town became part of the Danube Banovina. By the Town Council decision made on 29 September 1934, and confirmed by the Town Authority on 18 February 1935, the town was renamed Petrovgrad, after the king Peter I. Second World War and SFR Yugoslavia[edit]

City center

City center

After the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
had capitulated on 18 April 1941, and the Third Reich
Third Reich
occupied the country, the German Forces came into Petrovgrad. The authority in Banat
Banat
had domestic Germans
Germans
– Volksdeutsche, who immediately started to confiscate Jews' property and arrested patriots. The town was renamed Great Bečkerek and it was the headquarters of the occupation authority for Banat
Banat
(1941-44) with the notorious police authority Juraj Špiler and with concentration camp in Cara Dušana Street. The camp existed for almost two years and thousands of people passed through it. In town there were many underground groups supported by the Communist Party, which fought against German occupying forces. There were much sabotage, too, and the Germans
Germans
made represials. Individual resistance in town was crushed without mercy. On 2 October 1944 the Red Army
Red Army
Forces came into town and after a short fight, took command in most vital public buildings. The following day the first meeting on National Liberation Committee for the town Petrovgrad was held. Eight members of the national liberation resistance, from the town and its surroundings were announced National Heroes: Žarko Zrenjanin, Svetozar Marković Toza, Pap Pavle, Stevica Jovanović, Servo Mihalj, Dr. Boško Vrebalov, Nedeljko Barnić Žarki, Bora Mikin Marko. During World War II, the town infrastructure was kept almost saved. Except in the final fights for the town, there were no war actions on the territory of the town. The Germans
Germans
tried to damage and destroy some industrial buildings, but it was prevented. Only Anau-Winkler’s mill and the monumental Jewish synagogue
Jewish synagogue
in the centre of the town were destroyed. After World War II
World War II
important social-political changes were made in the country, which, of course, had their influence on the development of Zrenjanin, newly named in 1946. In August 1945 the Agriculture Reform Act came into force, in June 1950 the Worker Self-Management Act, in 1959 the first direct urban plan of the town development, which indicated the urbanism-economic development of the town, was passed. The development, in the first after war decade, was directed by the directive plans, which were based on the principles of socialist economy in which the most important industrial branches were industry and agriculture. By the 1980s many people left their villages and moved into towns which brought many changes in the social, educational and ethnic structure of the town. There was permanently shortage of housing. That is why many new parts of the town and many new apartment buildings were built. Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
became an important agricultural, industrial, cultural and sport centre, at the time Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
was one of the most powerful industrial centres of the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
led by Josip Broz Tito. After 1991[edit]

Main street

The town's development has always been strongly affected by the social-economic circumstances reflecting the State surroundings that Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
found in. At the beginning of 1990’s, when the war broke out on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, and the country was falling apart, it led to rather hard social and economic crisis in this area, All that caused an economic stagnation, unemployment, large migrations of refugees from the former Yugoslav Republics: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The town experienced the first political changes by the introducing of multiparty system at the end of 1996 when the local government was ruled by the coalition Zajedno (Together) and in 2000 by the coalition Democratic opposition of Serbia. On March 24, 1999 the NATO intervention in Serbia
Serbia
began but the town was not targeted. Life in the town was quite normal, in spite of the dangerous situation elsewhere in the country. In the first years after the end of war activities the Town and its citizens have been adjusting to new economic and social-economic conditions, known as transition. Instead of previous large economic combines and companies plenty of new flexible private enterprises are established and foreign capital is starting to flow in Zrenjanin. New industrial and work and residential zones are formed and the Town's General Plan 2006-2026 and Sustainable Development Strategy 2006-2013 are made and approved. At the end of 2007, introducing a new national territorial organisation followed by necessary legislation, the Municipality of Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
has been upgraded to an administrative and territorial status of a city. Geography[edit] Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
is situated on the western edge of the Banat
Banat
loess plateau, at the place where the canalized River Begej
Begej
flows into the former water course of the River Tisa. The territory of the city is predominantly flat country. The City of Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
is situated at a longitude of 20°23’ east and a latitude of 45°23’ north, in the center of the Serbian part of the Banat
Banat
region, on the banks of the Rivers Begej
Begej
and Tisa. The city is located at 80 meters above sea level. Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
is around 70 kilometers away from Belgrade, and about 50 kilometers from Novi Sad, which is also the distance to the present border with the European Union
European Union
(Romania), which makes its position a particularly important transition center and potential resource in the directions north–south and east–west. Inhabited places[edit]

Begej
Begej
River in Zrenjanin

The city administrative area includes the following villages:

Aradac Banatski Despotovac Belo Blato Botoš Čenta Ečka Elemir Farkaždin Jankov Most Klek Knićanin Lazarevo Lukićevo Lukino Selo Melenci Mihajlovo Orlovat Perlez Stajićevo Taraš Tomaševac

Neighbourhoods in Zrenjanin[edit]

Bagljaš Berbersko Bolnica Brigadira Ristića Downtown Četvrti Jul Čontika Dolja Dunavska Duvanika Gradnulica Lesnina Mala Amerika Mužlja, a former village, joined with Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
in 1981 Nova Kolonija Putnikovo Ruža Šulman Šećerana Šumica Zeleno Polje

Climate[edit]

Palace in Županijski Park

The Köppen Climate Classification
Köppen Climate Classification
subtype for this climate is Dfa (Humid Continental Climate).[2] The average temperature for the year in Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
is 11.5 °C (52.7 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 22.2 °C (72.0 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 0.1 °C (32.2 °F). The highest recorded temperature in Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
is 42.9 °C (109.2 °F), which was recorded in July. The lowest recorded temperature in Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
is −27.3 °C (−17.1 °F), which was recorded in January. The average amount of precipitation for the year in Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
is 584.2 mm (23.0 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is June with 88.9 mm (3.5 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 30.5 mm (1.2 in). There are an average of 127.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in December with 13.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in August with 8.0 days.

Climate data for Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
(1981–2010, extremes 1961–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 17.7 (63.9) 22.5 (72.5) 28.6 (83.5) 30.1 (86.2) 35.2 (95.4) 38.0 (100.4) 42.9 (109.2) 38.8 (101.8) 37.7 (99.9) 30.0 (86) 23.9 (75) 20.5 (68.9) 42.9 (109.2)

Average high °C (°F) 3.6 (38.5) 6.2 (43.2) 12.2 (54) 18.0 (64.4) 23.5 (74.3) 26.3 (79.3) 28.6 (83.5) 28.8 (83.8) 23.8 (74.8) 18.0 (64.4) 10.4 (50.7) 4.9 (40.8) 17.0 (62.6)

Daily mean °C (°F) 0.1 (32.2) 1.6 (34.9) 6.4 (43.5) 12.0 (53.6) 17.4 (63.3) 20.3 (68.5) 22.2 (72) 21.8 (71.2) 17.1 (62.8) 11.9 (53.4) 6.0 (42.8) 1.4 (34.5) 11.5 (52.7)

Average low °C (°F) −2.9 (26.8) −2.1 (28.2) 1.8 (35.2) 6.5 (43.7) 11.4 (52.5) 14.4 (57.9) 15.8 (60.4) 15.6 (60.1) 11.7 (53.1) 7.1 (44.8) 2.5 (36.5) −1.6 (29.1) 6.7 (44.1)

Record low °C (°F) −27.3 (−17.1) −21.9 (−7.4) −17.6 (0.3) −6.7 (19.9) −0.5 (31.1) 2.0 (35.6) 5.4 (41.7) 5.4 (41.7) −3.0 (26.6) −8.6 (16.5) −13.2 (8.2) −23.1 (−9.6) −27.3 (−17.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 35.9 (1.413) 30.0 (1.181) 37.2 (1.465) 43.2 (1.701) 55.4 (2.181) 88.8 (3.496) 60.0 (2.362) 45.4 (1.787) 50.2 (1.976) 43.9 (1.728) 47.8 (1.882) 45.3 (1.783) 583.2 (22.961)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12 10 10 11 12 12 9 8 10 8 11 13 127

Average snowy days 6 6 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 5 22

Average relative humidity (%) 85 78 70 66 65 67 66 66 71 74 81 86 73

Mean monthly sunshine hours 67.4 101.7 152.6 189.4 240.7 262.1 291.5 278.0 205.7 161.8 92.5 58.3 2,101.4

Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia[3]

Demographics[edit] See also: Serbs
Serbs
in Vojvodina, Hungarians in Vojvodina, Romani people of Vojvodina, Romanians
Romanians
in Vojvodina, Slovaks
Slovaks
in Vojvodina, Serbian lands, and List of Hungarian communities in Vojvodina

Historical population

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1948 100,364 —    

1953 102,844 +0.49%

1961 115,692 +1.48%

1971 129,837 +1.16%

1981 139,300 +0.71%

1991 136,778 −0.18%

2002 132,051 −0.32%

2011 123,362 −0.75%

Source: [4]

According to the 2011 census, the total population of the city of Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
was 123,362 inhabitants. Ethnic groups[edit]

City Administrative

The population of the city of Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
is composed of:[5]

Serbs
Serbs
= 91,579 (74.24%) Hungarians = 12,350 (10.01%) Romani = 3,410 (2.76%) Romanians
Romanians
= 2,161 (1.75%) Slovaks
Slovaks
= 2,062 (1.67%) Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
= 592 (0.48%) others.

Settlements with Serb ethnic majority are: Zrenjanin, Banatski Despotovac, Botoš, Elemir, Ečka, Klek, Knićanin, Lazarevo, Lukićevo, Melenci, Orlovat, Perlez, Stajićevo, Taraš, Tomaševac, Farkaždin, and Čenta. Settlements with Hungarian ethnic majority are: Lukino Selo
Lukino Selo
and Mihajlovo. Settlement with Romanian ethnic majority is Jankov Most. Ethnically mixed settlements are: Aradac (with relative Serb majority) and Belo Blato
Belo Blato
(with relative Slovak majority).

City proper Changing demographics of the city of Zrenjanin

The population of the Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
town is composed of:[5]

Serbs
Serbs
= 54,648 (71.43%) Hungarians = 10,000 (13.07%) Roma = 2,109 (2.76%) Romanians
Romanians
= 635 (0.83%) Yugoslavs
Yugoslavs
= 467 (0.61%) Croats = 373 (0.49%) others.

Religion[edit] According to the 2002 census, most of the inhabitants of the Zrenjanin municipality were Orthodox Christians (77.28%). Other faiths include Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
(12.01%), Protestant
Protestant
(2.13%), and other. Orthodox Christians in Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
belong to the Eparchy of Banat
Banat
of the Serbian Orthodox Church with seat in Vršac. Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
is also the centre of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
diocese of the Banat
Banat
region belonging to Serbia.

Uspenska Church

Catholic Cathedral Zrenjanin

Economy[edit] The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[6]

Activity Total

Agriculture, forestry and fishing 813

Mining 705

Processing industry 9,143

Distribution of power, gas and water 550

Distribution of water and water waste management 693

Construction 998

Wholesale and retail, repair 4,832

Traffic, storage and communication 1,758

Hotels and restaurants 692

Media and telecommunications 394

Finance and insurance 465

Property stock and charter 125

Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 1,027

Administrative and other services 903

Administration and social assurance 1,720

Education 2,292

Healthcare and social work 2,714

Art, leisure and recreation 446

Other services 483

Total 30,753

Transportation[edit] Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
no longer has a public transport operator, for the first time in its recent history, following the privatization and subsequent bankruptcy of Autobanat. It used to operate as the city's public transport company and as the regional public transport service to the nearby cities of (Novi Sad, Belgrade, Kikinda, Vršac), etc. In the past river traffic on the Begej
Begej
river used to be most developed mode of cargo transport. Veliki Bečkerek got a railway in 1883, when it linked the city to Velika Kikinda. There are many taxi companies in Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
and the regulations are either lacking or are not enforced by the authorities.[citation needed] Culture[edit] Main sights[edit]

Central square and Zrenjanin's Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
cathedral

City Hall, built in 1816, re-constructed in 1887, neobaroque, Gyula Partos and Ödön Lechner. Finance palace, today National museum, built in 1894 in Neorenaissance style by István Kiss. Theatre, built in 1839, classicism, the oldest theatre building in Serbia. Court House, built between 1906 and 1908, romanticism, Sandor Eigner and Marcus Rehmer. Uspenska Serbian Orthodox church, built in 1746, baroque, the oldest church in the city. Vavedenska church, built in 1777 in Baroque style. Evangelical church, built in 1837, classicism. Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
Cathedral, built between 1864 and 1868, romanesque, Stevan Đorđević. Protestant
Protestant
church, built in 1891, neogothic, Ferenc Zaboretzky. Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
Synagogue, built in 1896, Moorish Revival, Lipót Baumhorn, demolished in 1941 by Nazis. Bukovac palace, built in 1905, neorenaissance. Old Vojvodina
Vojvodina
hotel, built in 1886, neorenaissance, Bela Peklo. Grammar School, built in 1846, re-constructed in 1937 and later. Small bridge, built in 1904, the oldest bridge in the city. Trade academy, built in 1892, neorenaissance, István Kiss. Bence's house, built in 1909, secession. Dry Bridge, built in 1962, without river since 1985. Eiffel Bridge, built in 1904, replaced by a new bridge in 1969. Dunđerski palace, built in 1910, secession. House of Soko, built in 1927, academism, Dragiša Brašovan.

Tourism[edit] Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
has many places of interest like City Hall, the Cathedral, Freedom Square, King Aleksandar I Street, etc. Hotel Vojvodina
Vojvodina
is situated on Liberty Square. You can reach every part of the city from the hotel very easily, because it is surrounded by many cultural, historical, business and commercial contents. Services meet the highest hotel standards. [1]. There is a Tourist Information Office in the building of National Museum (Subotićeva 1). Sports[edit]

Crystal Hall, Zrenjanin

Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
has a long sports tradition. First clubs were established during the 1880s. It was the home town of Proleter football club from 1947 until 2005. Today, FK Banat
Banat
plays its games at Karađorđev Park Stadium in Serbian League Vojvodina
Vojvodina
devisin, which is the third level football league in Serbia. Notable residents[edit]

Dezső Antalffy-Zsiross, Hungarian organist and composer János Bartl, magician Nenad Bjeković, former Serbian football player Dejan Bodiroga, Serbian basketball player, Olympic silver medalist, World and European champion Ivan Boldirev, hockey player Jovana Brakočević, Serbian volleyball player, Olympic silver medalist and European champion Branimir Brstina, Serbian actor Žarko Čabarkapa, Serbian basketball player, World champion Konstantin Danil, Serbian painter of Romanian origin Željko Đurđić, Serbian handball player

Nikola Grbić

Dejan Govedarica, Serbian football player Nikola Grbić, born in Zrenjanin, lived in Klek, Olympic and European champion Vladimir Grbić, born in Zrenjanin, lived in Klek, Olympic and European champion Ivan Ivanji, Novelist Vladimir Ivić, Serbian football player Đura Jakšić, Serbian painter, studying painting as a student of Danil Vilmos Lázár, Hungarian general Ivan Lenđer, Serbian swimmer, World and European junior champion Mile Lojpur, first Yugoslav rocker Željko Lučić, operatic baritone Brižitka Molnar, Serbian volleyball player, European champion Maja Ognjenović, Serbian volleyball player, Olympic silver medalist and European champion Joe Penner
Joe Penner
(József Pintér), American radio and film comedian[7] Snežana Pantić, Serbian professional karate competitor, World champion Marianna Schmidt, Hungarian-Canadian printmaker and painter [8] Milorad Stanulov, Serbian rower, two-time Olympic medalist Mario Szenessy, Hungarian-German author Uglješa Šajtinac, Serbian writer Nada Šargin, Serbian actress Ivana Španović, Serbian long jumper, Olympic bronze medalist and European champion Duško Tošić, Serbian football player Zoran Tošić, Serbian football player Zvonimir Vujin, Serbian boxer, two-time Olympic medalist Zvonimir Vukić, Serbian football player Jelena Živković, Serbian handball player, World Championship silver medalist Rudolf Wegscheider, Austrian chemist

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Serbia Twin towns — sister cities[edit] Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
is twinned with:

Békéscsaba, Hungary Arad, Romania Timişoara, Romania

See also[edit]

List of places in Serbia Central Banat
Banat
District Banat Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
Airport

References[edit]

^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.  ^ Climate Summary ^ "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1981–2010" (in Serbian). Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. Retrieved February 25, 2017.  ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 19 March 2017.  ^ a b "Population by ethnicity – Zrenjanin". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
Serbia
(SORS). Retrieved 11 March 2013.  ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 16 March 2018.  ^ Joe Penner
Joe Penner
biography (in Hungarian) ^ Laurence, Robin. "Marianna Schmidt: Untitled (Three Figures)" (PDF). Surrey Art Gallery. Surrey Art Gallery, Surrey, B.C. ISBN 978-1-926573-06-9. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 

Bibliography

Milan Tutorov, Banatska rapsodija - istorika Zrenjanina i Banata, Novi Sad, 2001.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Zrenjanin.

Official Website of the City of Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
(in Serbian) (in English) The official website of the Tourist organization of Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
(in Serbian) Villa Daniel, Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
(in Serbian) Website of the local weekly magazine "Zrenjanin" (in Serbian) Zrenjanin
Zrenjanin
Business Portal
Portal
(in Serbian)

v t e

Cities, towns and villages in the Central Banat
Banat
District

Zrenjanin

Aradac Banatski Despotovac Belo Blato Botoš Elemir Ečka Jankov Most Klek Knićanin Lazarevo Lukino Selo Lukićevo Melenci Mihajlovo Orlovat Perlez Stajićevo Taraš Tomaševac Farkaždin Čenta

Žitište

Banatski Dvor Banatsko Višnjićevo Banatsko Karađorđevo Međa Novi Itebej Ravni Topolovac Srpski Itebej Torak Torda Hetin Čestereg

Nova Crnja

Aleksandrovo Vojvoda Stepa Radojevo Srpska Crnja Toba

Novi Bečej

Bočar Kumane Novo Miloševo

Sečanj

Banatska Dubica Boka Busenje Jarkovac Jaša Tomić Konak Krajišnik Neuzina Sutjeska Šurjan

(*) bold are municipalities or cities

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Serbia

v t e

Municipalities of Belgrade

Municipalities

Barajevo Čukarica Grocka Lazarevac Mladenovac New Belgrade Obrenovac Palilula Rakovica Savski Venac Sopot Stari Grad Surčin Voždovac Vračar Zemun Zvezdara

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Vojvodina

Cities

Kikinda Novi Sad

Novi Sad Petrovaradin

Pančevo Sombor Sremska Mitrovica Subotica Vršac Zrenjanin

Municipalities

Ada Alibunar Apatin Bač Bačka Palanka Bačka Topola Bački Petrovac Bečej Bela Crkva Beočin Čoka Inđija Irig Kanjiža Kovačica Kovin Kula Mali Iđoš Nova Crnja Novi Bečej Novi Kneževac Odžaci Opovo Pećinci Plandište Ruma Sečanj Senta Šid Srbobran Sremski Karlovci Stara Pazova Temerin Titel Vrbas Žabalj Žitište

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Šumadija and Western Serbia

Cities

Čačak Jagodina Kragujevac Kraljevo Kruševac Loznica Novi Pazar Šabac Užice

Užice Sevojno

Valjevo

Municipalities

Aleksandrovac Aranđelovac Arilje Bajina Bašta Batočina Bogatić Brus Čajetina Ćićevac Ćuprija Despotovac Gornji Milanovac Ivanjica Knić Koceljeva Kosjerić Krupanj Lajkovac Lapovo Lučani Ljig Ljubovija Mali Zvornik Mionica Nova Varoš Osečina Paraćin Požega Priboj Prijepolje Rača Raška Rekovac Sjenica Svilajnac Topola Trstenik Tutin Ub Varvarin Vladimirci Vrnjačka Banja

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Southern and Eastern Serbia

Cities

Leskovac Niš

Crveni Krst Medijana Niška Banja Palilula Pantelej

Pirot Požarevac

Požarevac Kostolac

Smederevo Vranje

Vranje Vranjska Banja

Zaječar

Municipalities

Aleksinac Babušnica Bela Palanka Blace Bojnik Boljevac Bor Bosilegrad Bujanovac Crna Trava Dimitrovgrad Doljevac Gadžin Han Golubac Kladovo Knjaževac Kučevo Kuršumlija Lebane Majdanpek Malo Crniće Medveđa Merošina Negotin Petrovac Preševo Prokuplje Ražanj Smederevska Palanka Sokobanja Surdulica Svrljig Trgovište Velika Plana Veliko Gradište Vladičin Han Vlasotince Žabari Žagubica Žitorađa

v t e

Municipalities and cities of Kosovo
Kosovo
i Metohija1

Cities

Priština

Municipalities

Dečani Đakovica Glogovac Gnjilane Gora Kosovo
Kosovo
Polje Kosovska Kamenica Kosovska Mitrovica Istok Kačanik Klina Leposavić Lipljan Novo Brdo Obilić Orahovac Peć Podujevo Prizren Srbica Suva Reka Štimlje Štrpce Vitina Vučitrn Zubin Potok Zvečan

1  Kosovo
Kosovo
is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo
Kosovo
and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo
Kosovo
has received formal recognition as an independent state from 113 out of 193 United Nations
United Nations
member states.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131350888 GND: 4355036-8 BNF:

.