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Zelenogradsk
Zelenogradsk
(Russian:  Зеленогра́дск​ (help·info)), prior to 1946 known by its German name Cranz (Lithuanian: Krantas), is a town and the administrative center of Zelenogradsky District
Zelenogradsky District
in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located 34 kilometers (21 mi) north of Kaliningrad, the administrative center of the oblast, on the Sambian coastline near the Curonian Spit
Curonian Spit
on the Baltic Sea. Population: 13,026 (2010 Census);[4] 12,509 (2002 Census);[8] 10,786 (1989 Census).[9] In its heyday, Zelenogradsk
Zelenogradsk
(as Cranz) was a popular seaside resort on Germany's eastern Baltic coast, comparable to Bognor Regis
Bognor Regis
in England. Since the end of World War II
World War II
and the Soviet takeover, much of its tourist traffic has been diverted to nearby Svetlogorsk, formerly called Rauschen.

Contents

1 History 2 Administrative and municipal status 3 Tourism 4 Notable people 5 Twin towns and sister cities 6 References

6.1 Notes 6.2 Sources

History[edit] The site of today's Zelenogradsk
Zelenogradsk
was originally an Old Prussian fishing village, in the proximity of Kaup, a Prussian town on the coast of the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
in the Viking era. The area became controlled by the Teutonic Order
Teutonic Order
and settled with Germans. The German name Cranz, originally Cranzkuhren, derives from the Old Prussian word krantas, meaning "the coast". For most of its history it remained a small village in East Prussia. During the 19th century, Cranz became the primary seaside resort for the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
on the East Prussian coastline, especially after the construction of a railway line connecting it with Königsberg
Königsberg
(now Kaliningrad) in 1885. From 1816 to 1895, it was known as das königliche Bad, or "the royal bathing resort". Despite the increasing numbers of tourists, the fishing industry remained strong; smoked flounder was a regional delicacy. Although Cranz had over 6,000 inhabitants by the start of World War II, it never received a town charter.

Old postcard of Cranz with the Ladies Bath

The area was overrun by the Soviet Red Army
Red Army
during World War II
World War II
and annexed to the Russian SFSR, although it suffered minimally through warfare. The German population fled during the evacuation of East Prussia or was subsequently expelled by force. Cranz was renamed Zelenogradsk
Zelenogradsk
in 1946[6] and was granted town status in the subsequent years. Administrative and municipal status[edit] Within the framework of administrative divisions, Zelenogradsk
Zelenogradsk
serves as the administrative center of Zelenogradsky District.[2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Zelenogradsky District as the town of district significance of Zelenogradsk.[2] Within the framework of municipal divisions, since May 15, 2015, the territories of the town of district significance of Zelenogradsk and of four rural okrugs of Zelenogradsky District
Zelenogradsky District
are incorporated as Zelenogradsky Urban Okrug.[3] Before that, the town of district significance was incorporated within Zelenogradsky Municipal District as Zelenogradskoye Urban Settlement.[3] Tourism[edit] The tourism industry was neglected during the Cold War
Cold War
and Zelenogradsk's tourism primacy was relinquished to nearby Svetlogorsk (formerly Rauschen). This policy changed in recent years. Zelenogradsk is becoming more popular with Russian vacationers, and many rich Russians own private houses in the area. Notable people[edit]

Adolf Tortilowicz von Batocki-Friebe
Adolf Tortilowicz von Batocki-Friebe
(1868–1944), politician Abel Ehrlich (1915–2003), composer Volker Lechtenbrink
Volker Lechtenbrink
(born 1944), actor Beate Uhse-Rotermund
Beate Uhse-Rotermund
(1919–2001), aviator and entrepreneur Mary Saran (1897–1976), journalist Patrick White, a 1973 Nobel laureate, visited Cranz in the early 1930s "during the early stages of my love affair with Germany".[10]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Russia Zelenogradsk
Zelenogradsk
is twinned with:

Braniewo, Poland Łeba, Poland Borgholm, Sweden

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ a b c d Law #463 ^ a b c d Resolution #640 ^ a b c d Law #420 ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All- Russia
Russia
Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.  ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.). ^ a b c Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 147. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.  ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian) ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.  ^ Patrick White. Flaws in the Glass. A Self-Portrait. London 1981, p. 41. ISBN 0-14-006293-9

Sources[edit]

Калининградская областная Дума. Закон №463 от 27 мая 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Калининградской области», в ред. Закона №450 от 3 июля 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Калининградской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Калининградской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда" (вкладыш "Ведомости Правительства Калининградской области"), №112, 26 июня 2010 г. ( Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast Duma. Law #463 of May 27, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast, as amended by the Law #450 of July 3, 2015 On Amending the Law of Kaliningrad Oblast
Kaliningrad Oblast
"On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.). Правительство Калининградской области. Постановление №640 от 30 августа 2011 г. «Об утверждении реестра объектов административно-территориального деления Калининградской области», в ред. Постановления №877 от 21 ноября 2011 г «О внесении изменения в Постановление Правительства Калининградской области от 30 августа 2011 г. №640». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Калининградская правда" (вкладыш "Официально"), №170, 15 сентября 2011 г. (Government of Kaliningrad Oblast. Resolution #640 of August 30, 2011 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Objects of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #877 of November 21, 2011 On Amending the Resolution of the Government of Kaliningrad Oblast
Kaliningrad Oblast
#640 of August 30, 2011. Effective as of the day of the official publication.). Калининградская областная Дума. Закон №420 от 27 апреля 2015 г. «Об объединении поселений, входящих в состав муниципального образования "Зеленоградский район", и организации местного самоуправления на объединённой территории», в ред. Закона №452 от 4 сентября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Калининградской области "Об объединении поселений, входящих в состав муниципального образования "Зеленоградский район", и организации местного самоуправления на объединённой территории"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации http://www.pravo.gov.ru, 5 мая 2015 г. ( Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast Duma. Law #420 of April 27, 2015 On the Merger of the Settlements Comprising the Municipal Formation of "Zelenogradsky District" and on the Organization of the Local-Self Government on the United Territory, as amended by the Law #452 of September 4, 2015 On Amending the Law of Kaliningrad Oblast "On the Merger of the Settlements Comprising the Municipal Formation of "Zelenogradsky District" and on the Organization of the Local-Self Government on the United Territory". Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication have passed.).

v t e

Administrative divisions of Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
Oblast (former German names are given in parentheses and italicized)

Administrative center: Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
(Königsberg)

Cities and towns

Bagrationovsk
Bagrationovsk
(Preußisch Eylau) Baltiysk
Baltiysk
(Pillau) Chernyakhovsk
Chernyakhovsk
(Insterburg) Guryevsk (Neuhausen) Gusev (Gumbinnen) Gvardeysk
Gvardeysk
(Tapiau) Kaliningrad
Kaliningrad
(Königsberg) Krasnoznamensk (Lasdehnen) Ladushkin
Ladushkin
(Ludwigsort) Mamonovo
Mamonovo
(Heiligenbeil) Neman (Ragnit) Nesterov
Nesterov
(Stallupönen) Ozyorsk (Darkehmen) Pionersky (Neukuhren) Polessk
Polessk
(Labiau) Pravdinsk
Pravdinsk
(Friedland in Ostpreußen) Primorsk (Fischhausen) Slavsk
Slavsk
(Heinrichswalde) Sovetsk (Tilsit) Svetlogorsk (Rauschen) Svetly (Zimmerbude) Zelenogradsk
Zelenogradsk
(Cranz)

Urban-type settlements of oblast significance

Yantarny (Palmnicken)

Districts

Bagrationovsky Baltiysky Chernyakhovsky Guryevsky Gusevsky Gvardeysky Krasnoznamensky Nemansky Nesterovsky Ozyorsky Polessky Pravdinsky Slavsky Svetlogorsky Zelenogradsky

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 152642784 GN

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