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ZTE
ZTE
Corporation, commonly shortened to ZTE, is a Chinese multinational telecommunications equipment and systems company headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong. ZTE
ZTE
operates in three business units: carrier networks (54%), terminals (29%) and telecommunication (17%). ZTE's core products are wireless, exchange, access, optical transmission, and data telecommunications gear; mobile phones; and telecommunications software.[3] It also offers products that provide value-added services,[4] such as video on demand and streaming media.[5] ZTE primarily sells products under its own name but it is also an OEM.[6] ZTE
ZTE
is one of the top five largest smartphone manufacturers in its home market.[7]

Contents

1 History 2 Subsidiaries

2.1 ZTEsoft
ZTEsoft
Technology 2.2 Nubia Technology 2.3 PT. ZTE
ZTE
Indonesia 2.4 ZTE
ZTE
(Australia) Pty Ltd 2.5 ZTE
ZTE
Deutschland GmbH 2.6 ZTE
ZTE
USA Inc 2.7 ZTE
ZTE
Telecom India Pvt Ltd 2.8 ZTE
ZTE
(HK) Ltd 2.9 ZTE
ZTE
do Brasil Ltda. 2.10 ZTE
ZTE
Myanmar 2.11 Zonergy 2.12 ZTEsoft
ZTEsoft
Technology India Pvt. Ltd. 2.13 ZTEsoft
ZTEsoft
Singapore Technology Pte. Ltd.

3 Products

3.1 Consumer electronics 3.2 Network Operators Equipment, Network Nodes and Network Elements

4 Customers 5 Sponsorship 6 Controversies

6.1 Bribes for contracts 6.2 Surveillance system sale 6.3 Handset security 6.4 Violation of sanctions

7 Shareholders 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] ZTE, initially founded as Zhongxing Semiconductor Co., Ltd in Shenzhen, Guangdong province, in 1985, was incorporated by a group of investors associated with China's Ministry of Aerospace.[8] In March 1993, Zhongxing Semiconductor changed its name to Zhongxing New Telecommunications Equipment Co., Ltd with capital of RMB 3 million, and created a new business model as a "state-owned and private-operating" economic entity. Ties to the state notwithstanding, the firm evolved into the publicly traded ZTE
ZTE
Corporation, having made an initial public offering (IPO) on the Shenzhen
Shenzhen
stock exchange in 1997 and another on the Hong Kong stock exchange
Hong Kong stock exchange
in December 2004.[8] While the company initially profited from domestic sales,[9] it vowed to use proceeds of its 2004 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
IPO to further expand R&D, overseas sales to developed nations, and overseas production.[10] Making headway in the international telecom market in 2006, it took 40% of new global orders for CDMA
CDMA
networks[11] topping the world CDMA equipment market by number of shipments.[12] That same year also saw ZTE
ZTE
find a customer in the Canadian Telus[13] and membership in the Wi-Fi Alliance.[14] More customers in developed nations soon followed Telus' lead, and in 2007 ZTE
ZTE
sold to UK's Vodafone, Spain's Telefonica, and the Australian Telstra,[13] in addition to garnering the greatest number of CDMA
CDMA
contracts globally.[15] By 2008 ZTE
ZTE
had achieved a global customer base, with sales in 140 countries.[13] By 2009, the company had become the third-largest vendor of GSM telecom equipment worldwide, and about 20% of all GSM
GSM
gear sold throughout the world that year was ZTE
ZTE
branded.[16] As of 2011 it holds around 7% of the key 3GPP Long Term evolution patents[17] and that same year launched the world's first smartphone with dual GPS/ GLONASS
GLONASS
navigation, MTS 945. ZTE
ZTE
claims to devote 10% of its annual revenue to research and development, producing patents and utility licenses at a rapid pace.[18][19] ZTE
ZTE
has filed 48,000 patents globally, with more than 13,000 granted. In two consecutive years (2011 and 2012), ZTE
ZTE
was granted the largest number of patent applications globally,[20] which is a first for a Chinese company.[21] Subsidiaries[edit]

The ZTE
ZTE
Tower in Shenzhen

ZTE
ZTE
has several international subsidiaries. ZTEsoft
ZTEsoft
Technology[edit] As a subsidiary of ZTE
ZTE
Corporation, ZTEsoft
ZTEsoft
engages in ICT industry and specializes in providing BSS/OSS, big data products and services to telecom operators, and ICT, smart city and industry products and services to enterprises and governments. Nubia Technology[edit] Main article: Nubia Technology Nubia Technology is also a fully owned subsidiary of ZTE
ZTE
Corporation. PT. ZTE
ZTE
Indonesia[edit] PT ZTE
ZTE
Indonesia were representative of ZTE
ZTE
with has many customer with PT Telkom Indonesia tbk, PT Telekomunikasi Seluler tbk, PT Indosat tbk, PT Smartfren tbk, PT XL Axiata, and also supply hand held with ZTE
ZTE
Trademarks. ZTE
ZTE
(Australia) Pty Ltd[edit] ZTE
ZTE
entered the Australian market in 2005,[22] and as of 2009 ZTE (Australia) Pty Ltd[23] acts as the exclusive supplier of ZTE handsets, network cards, and as OEM Supplier to customers, such as Telstra, and Optus
Optus
in Australia. ZTE
ZTE
Deutschland GmbH[edit] ZTE
ZTE
Deutschland GmbH was founded in 2005 with headquarters in Düsseldorf; it, as of 2008, had hired 50 people, 60% of whom were recruited locally.[24] ZTE
ZTE
Deutschland GmbH partners with German football club Borussia Mönchengladbach
Borussia Mönchengladbach
for the seasons of 2016/17 and 2017/18.[25] ZTE
ZTE
USA Inc[edit] A North American subsidiary of ZTE,[26] with headquarters in Richardson, Texas,[27] ZTE
ZTE
USA Inc offers wireless handset and networking products in the US. ZTE
ZTE
USA partnered with NBA's Houston Rockets for the season of 2013–2014.[26] ZTE
ZTE
Telecom India Pvt Ltd[edit] ZTE
ZTE
Telecom India Private Limited provides distributes telecom equipment and systems. The company also provides repair, support, and maintenance services for its telecom equipment. ZTE
ZTE
Telecom India Private Limited was formerly known as ZTE
ZTE
Kangxun Telecom Company India Private Limited. The company was founded in 2003 and is based in Gurgaon, India. ZTE
ZTE
(HK) Ltd[edit] ZTE
ZTE
(Hong Kong) Ltd. (China) serves in such areas as global contract manufacturing. ZTE
ZTE
do Brasil Ltda.[edit] ZTE
ZTE
do Brasil Ltda. was founded in 2002 with headquarters in São Paulo and offices in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
and Brasília; providing mobile devices and network products for the Brazilian market. ZTE
ZTE
Myanmar[edit] ZTE
ZTE
Myanmar is also a fully owned subsidiary of ZTE
ZTE
Corporation. Zonergy[edit] Main article: Zonergy Zonergy
Zonergy
is a renewables company with interests in electricity generation through solar parks in China
China
and Pakistan and palm oil cultivation in Indonesia to produce biofuels. ZTE
ZTE
is a major shareholder and was instrumental in the creation of the company in 2007 but holds a minority of the shares in the entity.[28] ZTEsoft
ZTEsoft
Technology India Pvt. Ltd.[edit] As a subsidiary of ZTE
ZTE
Corporation, ZTEsoft
ZTEsoft
India engages in ICT industry and specializes in providing BSS/OSS, big data products and services to telecom operators, and ICT, smart city solutions and industry products and services to enterprises and governments. Company has several tie-ups with regional governments for implementation of smart city solutions. ZTEsoft
ZTEsoft
Singapore Technology Pte. Ltd.[edit] As a subsidiary of ZTE
ZTE
Corporation, ZTEsoft
ZTEsoft
Singapore engages in ICT industry and specializes in providing BSS/OSS, big data products and services to telecom operators, and ICT, smart city solutions and industry products and services to enterprises and governments. Products[edit]

A ZTE Blade
ZTE Blade
S6 Plus

ZTE
ZTE
operates in three business segments – Carrier Networks(~54%)-Terminals(~29%)-Telecommunication(~17%) Products can be roughly arranged into three categories: equipment used by network operators (links and nodes, etc.), equipment used to access networks (terminals), and services, which includes software.[29] On October 2010, ZTE's unified encryption module received U.S./Canada FIPS140-2 security certification,[30][31] which made ZTE
ZTE
the first vendor from P.R. China
China
to successfully validate modules according to the NIST FIPS140-2 standard under the CMVP program.[32] Consumer electronics[edit]

Mobile phones

As of 2012, ZTE
ZTE
is the 4th largest mobile phone vendor.[33] It also placed fifth on IDC's smartphone vendor leaderboard.[34][35] Strategy Analytics counts ZTE
ZTE
as 4th largest smartphone vendor (5% market share) in 2Q2013.[36] It also manufactures tablets.[37][38][39] In November 2017, ZTE
ZTE
announced the Axon M [40][41]. The two screens can run separate appications, or spread one app over the combined display size of 6.75-inches.[42] The second screen also works as a kickstand[43].

Mobile Hotspots

The MF60 and MF80 4G mobile hotspots were announced in August 2011.[44]

Windows Phone

At Mobile World Congress
Mobile World Congress
2014 in Spain, Microsoft
Microsoft
announced that ZTE is the latest hardware partner of Windows Phone
Windows Phone
platform.[45] Network Operators Equipment, Network Nodes and Network Elements[edit] ZTE
ZTE
is also a provider of Core Routing and Core Network equipment, also known as Network Elements such as:

GGSN ( GSM
GSM
/ UMTS), PGW (LTE EPC), PDSN (CDMA) ZTE
ZTE
ZXR10-Series core switches and core routers MPLS routers[46] Base stations, some of them developed with OBSAI – Open Base Station Architecture Initiative architecture, including China-specific Time-Division Long-Term evolution aka TD-LTE radio protocol support and CDMA-based EV-DO equipment Telephone switches legacy WAP and MMSC equipment WiMax products, based on ZTE
ZTE
SDR platform, part of the Uni-RAN technology, Uni-Core core network equipment, and services to support the WiMAX 4G network over 3.5 GHz frequencies. SDN / NFV products as seen through Open Daylight Project

Customers[edit]

ZTE
ZTE
booth at Mobile World Congress
Mobile World Congress
2015 in Barcelona

A good number of ZTE's customers are outside of China. During the 2000s, the majority were developing country mobile network operators, but ZTE
ZTE
products see use in developed countries as well. The UK's Vodafone, Canadian Telus, Australia's Telstra, as well as France Telecom have all purchased equipment from ZTE.[47] Many Chinese companies are also ZTE
ZTE
customers, including China Netcom,[48] China
China
Mobile,[49] China
China
Satcom,[50] China
China
Telecom,[51] and China
China
Unicom.[4][52] In the United States, ZTE
ZTE
USA manufactures mobile phones and broadband devices for multiple wireless carriers including AT&T, Boost Mobile, Cricket Wireless, MetroPCS, Sprint, T-Mobile, TracFone, Verizon, and Virgin Mobile. It may also sell network equipment to these carriers. On February 14, 2018, the heads of six major US intelligence agencies (FBI, CIA, NSA, DNI, and NGA) warned that American citizens shouldn’t use products and services made by Chinese tech giants Huawei
Huawei
and ZTE, in testimony to the United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. During his testimony, FBI Director Christopher A. Wray
Christopher A. Wray
said the government was “deeply concerned about the risks of allowing any company or entity that is beholden to foreign governments that don’t share our values to gain positions of power inside our telecommunications networks.” He added that this would provide “the capacity to maliciously modify or steal information. And it provides the capacity to conduct undetected espionage.”[53] Sponsorship[edit] In May 2016, ZTE
ZTE
became the co-sponsor of German club Borussia Mönchengladbach.[54] In May 2016, ZTE's Nubia Technology brand signed football star Cristiano Ronaldo
Cristiano Ronaldo
as a brand ambassador for a reported fee of $4 million.[55] Controversies[edit] Bribes for contracts[edit]

Norway

Norwegian telecommunications giant Telenor, one of the world's largest mobile operators, banned ZTE
ZTE
from "participating in tenders and new business opportunities for 6 months because of an alleged breach of its code of conduct in a procurement proceeding" during a five-month time span ending in March 2009.[56]

Philippines

Main article: Philippine National Broadband Network controversy Contract negotiations to build a broadband network for the Philippine government may have included improper activities.[57] The project was later cancelled.[57] Surveillance system sale[edit] In December 2010, ZTE
ZTE
sold systems for eavesdropping on phone and Internet communications to the government-controlled Telecommunication Company of Iran.[58] This system may help Iran monitor and track political dissidents. Handset security[edit] At least one ZTE
ZTE
mobile phone (sold as the ZTE
ZTE
Score in the United States by Cricket and MetroPCS) can be remotely accessed by anyone with an easily obtained password.[33] In 2012, politicians in the United States raised other security concerns regarding ZTE
ZTE
and another Chinese wireless equipment manufacturer, Huawei.[59] Violation of sanctions[edit] In March 2017, ZTE
ZTE
was fined a total of US$1.19 billion by the U.S. Department of Commerce for exporting U.S. technology to Iran and North Korea in violation of sanctions. It is the largest-ever U.S. fine for export control violations.[60][61] Shareholders[edit] As at 30 June 2016, ZTE
ZTE
Holdings (Chinese: 深圳市中兴新通讯设备有限公司), an intermediate holding company, owned 30.57% stake of ZTE. The shareholders of ZTE
ZTE
Holdings were Xi'an Microelectronics (Chinese: 西安微电子技术研究所, a subsidiary of China
China
Academy of Aerospace Electronics Technology), Aerospace Guangyu (Chinese: 深圳航天广宇工业有限公司 a subsidiary of CASIC Shenzhen
Shenzhen
Group) and Zhongxing WXT (Chinese: 深圳市中兴维先通设备有限公司). The first two entities were state-owned enterprise.[62] References[edit]

^ a b "Annual Report 2011" (PDF). ZTE
ZTE
Corporation. Retrieved 26 April 2012.  ^ a b c d "Annual Report 2014" (PDF). ZTE. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2015.  ^ Product Portfolio ZTE ^ a b ZTE
ZTE
Secures More than Half of China Unicom
China Unicom
GSM
GSM
Value-Added Service System 2008 Tender ZTE, 15 December 2008 ^ ZTE
ZTE
Corp's Company Description Bloomberg BusinessWeek ^ UPDATE 3-LSI sees second half better than first reuters.com, Wed 26 January 2011 9:14 pm EST ^ For top five in China, see "Apple Competes for Bigger Slice of China's Smartphone Market Share." Khaleej Times (Dubai, United Arab Emirates). Al Bawaba (Middle East) Ltd. 2014. 22 May. 2014 ^ a b 20 Years History of ZTE
ZTE
Corporation by Mr. Huang Guo in 2005 ^ UPDATE 1- ZTE
ZTE
says 2010 net profit up 32 pct on better sales reuters.com, Thu 27 January 2011 ^ A Global Telecom Titan Called...ZTE? Bloomberg BusinessWeek, 7 March 2005 ^ China-based Huawei
Huawei
and Murali make headway in global telecom market DigiTimes.com. 9 March 2007 ^ ZTE
ZTE
tops 2006 international CDMA
CDMA
market. CIOL Bureau. 8 March 2007 ^ a b c History ZTE ^ ZTE
ZTE
joins Wi-Fi Alliance----- one of the first Chinese members ZTE, 30 August 2006 ^ ZTE
ZTE
Tops 2007 Global CDMA
CDMA
Market ZTE, 30 January 2008 ^ INTERVIEW-China's ZTE
ZTE
aims for fifth of global GSM
GSM
gear market reuters.com, Tue 17 November 2009 10:53 pm EST ^ China's ZTE
ZTE
targets 10 pct of LTE patents reuters, 11 January 2011 ^ " ZTE
ZTE
Ranked World No. 1 in Patent Applications for Second Straight Year". CNBC. Retrieved 20 March 2013.  ^ Strong Growth in Demand for Intellectual Property Rights in 2012 ^ International Patent Filings Set New Record in 2011 ^ Yahoo reported ZTE
ZTE
as first Chinese company to rank No.1 in global patent applications ^ About ZTE
ZTE
ZTE
ZTE
Australia Official Site ^ Global Sales Offices > Asia Pacific ZTE ^ ZTE
ZTE
opens new office in Bonn, Germany ZTE, 18 November 2008 ^ ZTE
ZTE
Becomes Co-Sponsor of Top German Football Team Borussia Mönchengladbach ^ a b Pocket Communications Launches ZTE's Tri-Band C79 and C78 ZTE,2009-04-02 ^ ZTE
ZTE
Opens LTE Laboratory in North America ZTE, 20 October 2009 ^ Brautigam, Deborah (2015). Will Africa Feed China?. New York: Oxford University Press.  ^ " ZTE
ZTE
Corp (ZTCOF.PK): Overview; Full description". Reuters. Retrieved 13 May 2012.  ^ ZTE
ZTE
Unified Platform Cryptographic Library Version 1.1 ^ ZTE
ZTE
Unified Element Management Platform Cryptographic Module Version 4.11.10 ^ ATSEC participated in ZTE
ZTE
products security evaluations ^ a b Jeremy Wagstaff; Lee Chyen Yee (18 May 2012). " ZTE
ZTE
confirms security hole in U.S. phone". Reuters. Retrieved 20 May 2012.  ^ IDC: Samsung extends lead over Apple while Chinese vendors increase influence ^ IDC: Growth Accelerates in the Worldwide Mobile Phone and Smartphone Markets in the second Quarter, 2013 Archived 26 June 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Strategy Analytics: Global Smartphone shipments Hit Record 230 Million Units in Q2 2013 ^ ZTE
ZTE
Launches Two Android Tablets: Dual-core Z-pad and Android 3.0 V11 at MWC ^ ZTE
ZTE
V9 Android tablet revealed androidcommunity.com, 12 October 2010 ^ V9 product page ZTE ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jpdR-bdV08c ^ http://www.techradar.com/news/watch-how-zte-axon-ms-dual-screen-transforms-your-daily-smartphone-habits ^ https://www.theverge.com/2017/11/17/16667508/zte-axon-m-dual-screen-smartphone-review ^ https://wccftech.com/zte-axon-m-foldable-phone/ ^ [1] Archived 27 June 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Microsoft
Microsoft
Announces ZTE
ZTE
As New Windows Phone
Windows Phone
Hardware Partner".  ^ [2] ^ For Vodafone
Vodafone
and France Telecom
France Telecom
sales, see ZTE
ZTE
Wins China Mobile
China Mobile
WAP Expansion Contract ZTE, 16 October 2007

For Telus
Telus
sales, see ZTE
ZTE
Breaks into North America with First Shipment of 3G Terminals for Canada ZTE, 2006/09/26 For Public Mobile sales, see ZTE
ZTE
Partners with Public Mobile to Build CDMA
CDMA
Network in Canada ZTE, 3 June 2010

^ China
China
Netcom´s first IPTV agreement confirms ZTE
ZTE
as major international IPTV network provider ZTE, 30 August 2006

ZTE
ZTE
to Build World's First AVSIPTV Commercial Network with China Netcom Group ZTE, 6 December 2007

^ ZTE
ZTE
to Install the World´s Largest Optical Transmission Network ZTE, 30 August 2006

ZTE
ZTE
Partners with China Mobile
China Mobile
to Complete IndustryFirst Commercial IMSBased HD Video Conference System ZTE, 27 November 2009

^ ZTE
ZTE
and China Satcom to provide GoTa network for China´s 10th National Games ZTE, 30 August 2006 ^ ZTE
ZTE
Bags Major Value Added Services Contracts in China
China
ZTE, 2006/11/14

ZTE
ZTE
bags China
China
Telecom´s largest metropolitan NGN project ZTE, 30 August 2006 ZTE
ZTE
Inks 1.33 billion RMB CDMA
CDMA
Contract with China Telecom
China Telecom
ZTE, 20 November 2008 ZTE
ZTE
Exclusively Awarded IPTV Project by China
China
Telecom, Jiangsu Branch ZTE, 2006-08-30 ZTE
ZTE
to install first polyphonic ringtone gateway for China
China
Telecom ZTE, 2006-08-30 ZTE
ZTE
Strengthens Competitive Position with Third China Telecom
China Telecom
IPTV Project ZTE, 2006-08-30 ZTE
ZTE
Helps China Telecom
China Telecom
Achieve the Recognition as First in the World to Offer EPONbased 3G Services ZTE, 2009-04-07 ZTE
ZTE
Collaborates with China Telecom
China Telecom
to Build IMS Network Solution ZTE, 30 November 2009

^

ZTE
ZTE
Network Equipment Destined for World´s Highest Railway ZTE, 30 August 2006 ZTE
ZTE
Provides Green 3G Network through Innovative Wind and Solar Solutions ZTE, 8 December 2009 ZTE
ZTE
to install China´s largest voice access platform ZTE, 2006-08-30 ZTE
ZTE
to Build Three FibreOptic Networks for China Unicom
China Unicom
ZTE, 2006-10-11 ZTE
ZTE
inks deal with China Unicom
China Unicom
for CDMA
CDMA
handsets ZTE, 7 February 2007

^ Salinas, Sara (2018-02-13). "Six top US intelligence chiefs caution against buying Huawei
Huawei
phones". CNBC. Retrieved 2018-02-15.  ^ "Chinese brand ZTE
ZTE
becomes co-sponsor of Borussia Mönchengladbach". GSM
GSM
Insider. 22 May 2016.  ^ "Chinese brand Nubia signs Cristiano Ronaldo
Cristiano Ronaldo
as brand ambassador". GSM
GSM
Insider. 22 May 2016.  ^ Norway's telco giant bans ZTE
ZTE
for 6 months abs-cbnnews.com, 21 October 2008 ^ a b Arroyo suspends telecoms deal with Chinese firm reuters.com, 22 September 2007 ^ Steve Stecklow (22 March 2012). " Special
Special
Report: Chinese firm helps Iran spy on citizens". Reuters. Retrieved 23 March 2012.  ^ U.S. panel cites risks in Chinese Equipment 9 October 2012 ^ "China's ZTE
ZTE
Pleads Guilty in U.S. on Iran Sanctions Settlement". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 7 March 2017.  ^ " ZTE
ZTE
Will Pay Record Fine for Sales to Iran, North Korea". PC Magazine. Retrieved 7 March 2017.  ^ "2016 INTERIM REPORT" (PDF). ZTE. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Stock Exchange. 6 September 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016. 

External links[edit]

China
China
portal Companies portal

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Media Group CITIC Guoan Information Industry Dahua Technology DHC Software East Money Information Financial Street Holding Focus Media Goertek Goldwind Gree Electric Guosen Securities Hesteel Hikvision iFlytek Jilin Aodong Medicine Le.com Luzhou Laojiao Midea Oceanwide Holdings Overseas Chinese Town Ping An Bank Qinghai Salt Lake Potash SF Express Shekou Industrial Zone Holdings Shuanghui Investment and Development Suning Commerce Group TCL Tongling Nonferrous Metals Vanke Wanda Cinemas Weichai Power Wuliangye Xishan Coal and Electricity Power Yunnan Baiyao Group Zhongjin Lingnan Zoomlion ZTE

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Construction Bank China
China
CITIC Bank Shenhua Energy Sinopharm Group China
China
Shipping Development Yanzhou Coal BYD Company Agricultural Bank of China Industrial and Commercial Bank of China New China
China
Life Insurance China
China
Communications Construction China
China
Coal Energy Minsheng Bank China
China
COSCO GAC Group Ping An Insurance PICC Property and Casualty Company Aluminium Corporation of China China
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Pacific Insurance China
China
Life Insurance R&F Properties China
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National Building Material Bank of Communications China
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.