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Yuriy Ivanovych Yekhanurov (Ukrainian: Юрій Іванович Єхануров) (born August 23, 1948) is a Ukrainian politician who was Prime Minister of Ukraine
Prime Minister of Ukraine
from 2005 to 2006 and Minister of Defense from 2007 to 2009.

Contents

1 Background and professional career 2 Statesman and politician 3 Prime minister 4 Gas crisis of 2005–2006 and fallout 5 Minister of Defense of Ukraine 6 Later career 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Background and professional career[edit] Yekhanurov was born in the village Belkachi in the far-north Yakut ASSR, which is currently the Sakha Republic
Sakha Republic
within the Russian Federation. His father, Ivan Mikhailvich Yekhanurov is an ethnic Buryat, while his mother, Galina Ivanovna is an ethnic Ukrainian. In 1955 - 1963 Yuriy Yekhanurov
Yuriy Yekhanurov
attended a school in village Buy, Bichursky District, Buryatia.[6] In 1963 he moved to Kiev, Ukraine, where he has spent most of his life and career. He holds a PhD-equivalent degree in Economics, is married, and has one son. Yekhanurov graduated from the Kiev
Kiev
Construction tekhnikum in 1967, and the Kyiv Institute of National Economy in 1973. He was appointed manager of the "Kyivmiskbud-4"'s Plant of reinforced concrete as his first job in 1974. Yekhanurov quickly rose the ranks, already heading the "Stroydetal'" industrial group from 1985 to 1988. In that year, he was appointed deputy chairman of the Kiev
Kiev
construction directorate, the "Golovkyivmiskbud". Statesman and politician[edit]

Yuriy Yekhanurov
Yuriy Yekhanurov
inspecting troops of the 95th Airmobile Brigade on Khreshchatyk in Kyiv on the Independence day 2008.

When Ukraine
Ukraine
gained independence in 1991, Yekhanurov started working for the Kiev
Kiev
municipal government, overseeing economic reforms. He was appointed Deputy Minister of Economy of Ukraine
Ukraine
in 1993, and later headed the State Property Fund of Ukraine
State Property Fund of Ukraine
(which coordinated the privatisation) from 1994 to 1997. Yekhanurov also served for a short time as Minister of Economy in the cabinet of Pavlo Lazarenko
Pavlo Lazarenko
in 1997. He was elected member of the Ukrainian parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, in 1998. When Viktor Yushchenko
Viktor Yushchenko
was appointed as Prime Minister of Ukraine
Prime Minister of Ukraine
in 1999, Yekhanurov joined his cabinet as First Vice Prime Minister. After the ousting of the government in 2001, Yekhanurov joined Yushchenko's People's Union Our Ukraine
People's Union Our Ukraine
and was elected again a member of parliament. In June 2002, he was appointed Head of the State Committee for Industrial Policy and Entrepreneurship. After the Orange Revolution
Orange Revolution
in 2005, Yekhanurov was appointed Head of the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast
Dnipropetrovsk Oblast
State Administration (i.e. a governor) on April 1, 2005. He was also elected head of the Central Executive Committee of People's Union Our Ukraine
People's Union Our Ukraine
party. Prime minister[edit] On September 8, 2005 Yekhanurov was appointed Acting Prime Minister by President Viktor Yushchenko, after the President had sacked the previous Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. He was succeeded by Victor Yanukovich on August 4, 2006. Yekhanurov's candidacy was hotly contested in parliament, most notably by former Prime Minister and Yushchenko's ally Yulia Tymoshenko. His confirmation required two rounds of voting; in the first round on September 20, 2005, Yekhanurov was only three votes short of the 226 needed for approval. On September 22, 2005, after negotiations between President Yushchenko and opposition groups, he was approved by 289 deputies out of 339 present. The CPU and SDPU(o) factions abstained from voting. Yekhanurov was widely regarded as an experienced administrator, a caretaker rather than a politician. Like Yushchenko, he is a supporter of economic liberalization and privatisation, but opposed "reprivatization" of previously sold companies that were thought to have been privatized illegally under the administration of President Leonid Kuchma. Yekhanurov government lost a vote of no confidence on January 10, 2006[7] but stayed in power until the parliamentary election two months later. After the signing of a coalition agreement (June 22, 2006) by the political parties behind the "Orange Revolution" it was agreed that Yulia Tymoshenko
Yulia Tymoshenko
would be restored as Prime Minister of Ukraine
Prime Minister of Ukraine
after nearly three months of negotiating and political uncertainty.[8] Yulia Tymoshenko election was expected to be only a formality but opposition members ( Party of Regions
Party of Regions
& Communist Party of Ukraine) blocked the parliament from Thursday, June 29, 2006[9] till Thursday, July 6, 2006[10] because they felt they hadn't got enough chairmen in parliamentary committees[10] Yekhanurov was skeptical about the new government and he wanted the Party of Regions
Party of Regions
to be a part of the new government[11] He felt that would have been better for the stability of Ukraine. Gas crisis of 2005–2006 and fallout[edit] Late 2005/January 2006, Russia
Russia
and Ukraine
Ukraine
had a serious dispute over the import of gas. Russia
Russia
had been charging Ukraine
Ukraine
traditionally low prices for gas, but decided to increase them to reflect the market price. After cutting off the flow of gas to Ukraine
Ukraine
for several days, a complicated deal was struck on January 4, 2006. According to President Yushchenko and Yekhanurov, it was a compromise. Nonetheless, the Ukrainian parliament
Ukrainian parliament
was not happy with the deal, and passed a vote of no-confidence on January 10, 2006. But President Yuschenko "quickly dismissed the vote as a publicity stunt by the opposition"[12] Yekhanurov continued to perform his duties until the newly elected Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
convened and formed a majority in July. He was succeeded by Viktor Yanukovych. Minister of Defense of Ukraine[edit] As part of the President quota of Ministers in the Ukrainian cabinet appointed on December 18, 2007 Yekhanurov became Minister of Defense in the second Tymoshenko cabinet. Accusing him of corruption Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko
Yulia Tymoshenko
turned to President Yushchenko with a request to dismiss Yekhanurov as Defense Minister of Ukraine
Ukraine
on May 20, 2009.[13][14][15] Yekhanurov immediately denied the accusations[16] and told journalists "Decisions must be made every day. But, not to be busy with budget problems, they organize such shows as today".[17] on May 26, 2009 President Yushchenko stated he had no intend to dismiss Yekhanurov claiming “there is nothing but a political attack and a staff war”.[18] According to Yushchenko similar political attacks had been launched against the foreign minister, State Property Fund head, and the National Bank of Ukraine governor.[19] The same day Yekhanurov threatened to sue Prime Minister Tymoshenko "to defend his honor and dignity", if she did not apologize, and if Supervision and Revision Department head Mykola Syvulskiy did not resign.[20] June 5, 2009 the Ukrainian parliament dismissed Yuriy Yekhanurov
Yuriy Yekhanurov
as defense minister. 363 MPs out of the 398 registered in the parliament's session hall voted for his dismissal, includeding 161 MPs of the Party of Regions, 152 MPs of the Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko, four MPs of the Our Ukraine-People's Self-Defense Bloc, 27 MPs of the Communist Party, and 19 MPs of the Bloc of Lytvyn.[21] Yekhanurov challenged his dismissal in court, but the Kyiv District Administrative Court rejected his relevant appeal on July 9, 2009.[22] Later career[edit] From July 2009 till February 2010 Yekhanurov was first deputy head of the Ukrainian Presidential Secretariat.[22][23] After his political career he became a professor at the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.[24] In the October 2015 Ukrainian local elections
2015 Ukrainian local elections
Yekhanurov was a candidate for Mayor of Kiev
Kiev
for the party Revival.[5] He did not survive the first round of the Mayoral election.[25][26][27] See also[edit]

List of Asian politicians in non-Asian states Buryats Politics of Ukraine

References[edit]

^ " People's Deputy of Ukraine
People's Deputy of Ukraine
of the II convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine. Retrieved 15 February 2015.  ^ " People's Deputy of Ukraine
People's Deputy of Ukraine
of the VII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine. Retrieved 15 February 2015.  ^ " People's Deputy of Ukraine
People's Deputy of Ukraine
of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine. Retrieved 15 February 2015.  ^ " People's Deputy of Ukraine
People's Deputy of Ukraine
of the VIII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada
Verkhovna Rada
of Ukraine. Retrieved 15 February 2015.  ^ a b (in Russian) Yuriy Yekhanurov
Yuriy Yekhanurov
elected as a candidate for mayor of Kiev
Kiev
from the "Renaissance", UNIAN (29 September 2015) ^ "Ехануров, Юрий". Lenta.ru.  ^ http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=31268 ^ " Ukraine
Ukraine
allies 'agree coalition'". BBC News. June 21, 2006.  ^ "Sit-in disrupts Ukraine
Ukraine
assembly". BBC News. June 29, 2006.  ^ a b YANUKOVYCH CALLED OFF THE BLOCKADE / Ukrayinska Pravda
Ukrayinska Pravda
Archived March 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Yekhanurov Demitted Speakership Because of Yanukovych / Ukrayinska Pravda Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Kramer, Andrew E. (January 11, 2006). "Parliament in Ukraine
Ukraine
Votes to Scold Government". The New York Times.  ^ Tymoshenko asks President to dismiss Yekhanurov as Defense Minister, UNIAN (May 20, 2009) ^ Tymoshenko Initiating Yekhanurov’s Dismissal[permanent dead link], Ukrainian News Agency (May 20, 2009) ^ Minister Yekhanurov Not Intending To Step Down[permanent dead link], Ukrainian News Agency (May 20, 2009) ^ Yekhanurov denies reports of corrupt schemes at defense ministry Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., Interfax-Ukraine (May 20, 2009) ^ Yekhanurov to discuss his dismissal with Yushchenko, UNIAN (May 20, 2009) ^ Yushchenko not to make submission to VR on Yekhanurov’s dismissal, UNIAN (May 26, 2009) ^ Yuschenko not planning to submit motion dismissing Yekhanurov as defense minister Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., Interfax- Ukraine
Ukraine
(May 26, 2009) ^ Yekhanurov says he may sue Tymoshenko, UNIAN (May 26, 2009) ^ Ukrainian parliament
Ukrainian parliament
dismisses Yekhanurov as defense minister Archived June 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., Interfax- Ukraine
Ukraine
(June 5, 2009) ^ a b Ex-defense minister Yekhanurov appointed first deputy head of presidential secretariat Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine., Interfax- Ukraine
Ukraine
(july 14, 2009) ^ (in Russian)/(website has automatic Google Translate
Google Translate
option) Short bio, LIGA ^ Yuriy Yekhanurov
Yuriy Yekhanurov
short Biography, International Centre for Policy Studies ^ http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/298832.html ^ http://en.interfax.com.ua/news/general/300458.html ^ http://www.ukrinform.net/rubric-politics/1906527-klitschko-mp-bereza-enters-2nd-round-of-kyiv-mayor-election.html

External links[edit]

"Approval of Yekhanurov: The Price of the Deal" (Ukrayinska Pravda's critical article on the agreement that preceded the approval in parliament; September 2005) (in Ukrainian) BBC News story: " Ukraine
Ukraine
leader sacks government", September 8, 2005 BBC News story: "Profile: Ukraine's caretaker PM", September 8, 2005 RFE/RL News story: "President Yushchenko Nominates 'Stopgap' Prime Minister", September 15, 2005 RFE/RL News story: "No Clear Winners From Government Crisis", September 22, 2005 AXIS Information and Analysis: "Yuri Yehanurov: Ukraine's New Number Two", September 8, 2005 Autobiography (in Ukrainian) Yara Arts SHANAR – KYIV – BRAMA

Political offices

Preceded by Anatoliy Hrytsenko Minister of Defence 2007–2009 Succeeded by Valeriy Ivaschenko
Valeriy Ivaschenko
(acting)

Preceded by Yulia Tymoshenko Prime Minister of Ukraine 2005–2006 Succeeded by Viktor Yanukovych

Preceded by Volodymyr Pryadko Director of State Property Fund of Ukraine 1994–1997 Succeeded by Volodymyr Lanovyi (acting)

v t e

Prime Ministers of Ukraine

List of Prime Ministers of Ukraine

Ukrainian People's Republic (1917–1920)

Volodymyr Vynnychenko Vsevolod Holubovych Mykola Vasylenko1 Fedir Lyzohub Serhii Gerbel Volodymyr Chekhivsky Serhii Ostapenko Borys Martos Isaak Mazepa Vyacheslav Prokopovych

Council of Ministers

Yevgenia Bosch1 Mykola Skrypnyk Georgy Pyatakov Christian Rakovsky Vlas Chubar Panas Lyubchenko Mykhailo Bondarenko Mykola Marchak1 Demyan Korotchenko Leonid Korniyets Nikita Khrushchev Demyan Korotchenko Nikifor Kalchenko Volodymyr Shcherbytsky Ivan Kazanets Volodymyr Shcherbytsky Oleksandr Liashko Vitaliy Masol Vitold Fokin

Government (in exile)

Yaroslav-Bohdan Rudnytsky Ivan Samiylenko

Cabinet of Ministers

Vitold Fokin Valentyn Symonenko1 Leonid Kuchma Yukhym Zvyahilsky1 Vitaliy Masol Yevhen Marchuk Pavlo Lazarenko Vasyl Durdynets1 Valeriy Pustovoitenko Viktor Yushchenko Anatoliy Kinakh Viktor Yanukovych Mykola Azarov1 Viktor Yanukovych Mykola Azarov1 Yulia Tymoshenko Yuriy Yekhanurov Viktor Yanukovych Yulia Tymoshenko Oleksandr Turchynov1 Mykola Azarov Serhiy Arbuzov1 Oleksandr Turchynov1 Arseniy Yatsenyuk Volodymyr Groysman

1 denotes acting

v t e

Ukrainian Ministers of Defence

Vasyl Herasymenko (Ukrainian SSR) Kostyantyn Morozov Ivan Bizhan (acting) Vitaliy Radetsky Valeriy Shmarov Oleksandr Kuzmuk Volodymyr Shkidchenko Yevhen Marchuk Oleksandr Kuzmuk Anatoliy Hrytsenko Yuriy Yekhanurov Valeriy Ivaschenko
Valeriy Ivaschenko
(acting) Mykhailo Yezhel Dmytro Salamatin Pavlo Lebedyev Ihor Tenyukh
Ihor Tenyukh
(acting) Mykhailo Koval
Mykhailo Koval
(acting) Valeriy Heletey Stepan Poltorak

List of Ministers of Defense (Ukraine)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 50340

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