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Yol
Yol
is a 1982 Turkish film directed by Yılmaz Güney. The screenplay was written by Güney, and it was directed by his assistant Şerif Gören, who strictly followed Güney's instructions, as Güney was in prison at the time. Later, when Güney escaped from prison, he took the negatives of the film to Switzerland
Switzerland
and later edited it in Paris.[1] The film is a portrait of Turkey
Turkey
in the aftermath of the 1980 Turkish coup d'état: its people and its authorities are shown via the stories of five prisoners given a week's home leave. The film has caused much controversy in Turkey, and was banned until 1999. However, it won numerous honours, including the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival.

Contents

1 Plot 2 Production 3 Controversies

3.1 Political controversy 3.2 Rights dispute

4 Reception

4.1 Accolades

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Plot[edit] In Turkey, several prisoners are granted furlough. One, Seyit Ali (Tarık Akan), travels to his house and finds that his wife (Şerif Sezer) has betrayed him and turned to prostitution. She was caught by her family and held captive for 8 months in order for Seyit Ali to end her life in an honor killing. Though apparently determined at first, he changes his mind when his wife starts to freeze while travelling in the snow. Despite his efforts to keep her alive, he eventually fails. His wife's death relieves Seyit Ali from family pressure. Another prisoner, Mehmet Salih (Halil Ergün) has been arrested for his role in a heist with his brother-in-law, whom he abandoned as he was being shot by police. His in-laws have disowned him, and he is finally forced to tell his wife Emine (Meral Orhonsay) the truth. Emine and Mehmet Salih decide to run away on a train. On the train, they are caught in the washroom about to have sex. They are saved from an angry mob by the train's officers and held in a cabin before being handed over to officials. There, a young boy from Emine's family who boarded the train shoots both Mehmet Salih and Emine. Ömer (Necmettin Çobanoğlu) returns to his village sitting near the border between Turkey
Turkey
and Syria, and arranges to cross the border to escape prison. Ömer finds his village in a battle between Kurdish smugglers and Turkish soldiers. Though Ömer is clearly determined, he gives up after his brother, who took part in the battle, is shot dead. Through his brother's death, Ömer has inherited the responsibilities of his brother's wife and children as dictated by tradition. Production[edit] Güney wrote the screenplay, which contained elaborate detail, but could not personally direct as he was in prison. Güney initially recruited Erden Kiral as his surrogate director, but displeased with Kiral's work, had it destroyed and fired him. This became the basis of Kiral's later film, Yolda.[2] Güney subsequently hired Serif Gören. There were rumours that several prisoners, including Güney, watched much of Gören's footage on a wall at the prison.[2] Güney later broke out of prison to edit Yol
Yol
in Switzerland.[2] Zulfu Livaneli made the musics of the movie, but due to political atmosphere then in Turkey, he used a nickname Sebastian Argol in order to avoid from possible sanctions from Turkish courts which were then operating under 1980 Turkish coup d'état.[citation needed] Controversies[edit] Political controversy[edit] The film was banned in Turkey
Turkey
because of its negative portrayal of Turkey
Turkey
at the time, which was under the control of a military dictatorship. Even more controversial was the limited usage of the Kurdish language, music and culture, forbidden at the time, as well as the portrayal of the hardships Kurds live through in Turkey. One scene in the movie even calls the location of Ömer's village "Kürdistan".[3] A new version of Yol
Yol
was released in 2017, called Yol: The Full Version in which many of these controversial parts and scenes have been taken out, to make the film suitable for release in Turkey. In what critics say goes against the director Yılmaz Güney's wishes and call "censorship", the frame showing "Kürdistan" as well as a highly political scene where Ömer speaks about difficulties of being Kurdish were removed. Certain scenes, images and dialogues of political importance have also been taken out of this new version.[3] Rights dispute[edit] The rights to Yol
Yol
were disputed for a long time. Even during Yilmaz Güney's lifetime, there were major conflicts about the ownership of the film between Güney and Donat Keusch, the head of a Swiss-based service company called Cactus Film AG, who claimed to own the entire rights of the film. After Güney's death, the dispute escalated between Keusch and Güney's widow. When Keusch filed for bankruptcy with his Cactus Film AG [4] in 1999, the situation became even more complicated and resulted in numerous lawsuits in both Switzerland
Switzerland
and France. There still are numerous sellers in the market claiming to be the sole owner of the world rights to Yol, and the film is offered in different versions through different distribution channels.[5][6] According to the bankruptcy office Zurich Aussersihl Keusch received the rights which still remained in Cactus Film on March 4, 2010. This happened without a cash reward so to speak for free. Keusch also sent this contract to the RCA-directory of the French CNC (film number 2010.2922) trying to use it as a proof that he has rights. However it is very questionable if and what rights Cactus Films still had at this point. In any case Keusch could only get from the bankruptcy office rights that cactus film had since no bankruptcy office can create non existing rights. Reception[edit] Vincent Canby, writing for The New York Times, wrote that while the film addressed significant issues, this did not make it great art. Canby described it as "a large, decent, ponderous panorama".[7] Time critic Richard Corliss
Richard Corliss
declared Güney "a world-class moviemaker".[8] In his 2015 Movie Guide, Leonard Maltin
Leonard Maltin
gave it three stars, describing it as "Incisive".[9] In 2016, The Hollywood Reporter
The Hollywood Reporter
ranked it the 65th best film to win the Palme d'Or, saying the production was a better story than that on screen.[10] Accolades[edit] The film won three honours at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival, tying for the top prize, the Palme d'Or, with Missing by Costa-Gavras.[7] The film was selected as the Swiss entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 55th Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee.[11]

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) Result Ref(s)

Cannes Film Festival 14 – 26 May 1982 Palme d'Or Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
and Şerif Gören Won [12]

FIPRESCI Prize Won

Ecumenical Jury Special
Special
Mention Won [13]

César Awards 26 February 1983 Best Foreign Film Nominated [14]

French Syndicate of Cinema Critics 1983 Best Foreign Film Won [15]

Golden Globe Awards 29 January 1983 Best Foreign Language Film Nominated [16]

London Film Critics' Circle November 1983 Best Foreign Language Film Won [17]

National Board of Review 14 February 1983 Top Foreign Films Won [18]

See also[edit]

List of submissions to the 55th Academy Awards
55th Academy Awards
for Best Foreign Language Film List of Swiss submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film

References[edit]

^ " Yol
Yol
- TIFF Cinematheque". TIFF.net. Archived from the original on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-01-15.  ^ a b c Johnston, Sheila (25 February 2006). "Film-makers on film: Fatih Akin on Yilmaz Güney and Serif Gören's Yol
Yol
(1982)". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ a b "The word 'Kurdistan' is forbidden: a look at a new version of Yilmaz Guney's film 'Yol'". Kurdish Question. 2017-06-14.  ^ Cactus Film files for bankruptcy  ^ French DVD Version of Yol  ^ Announcement about Yol
Yol
on kinalu  ^ a b Canby, Vincent (6 October 1982). "'YOL,' A BIG, ANGRY EPIC OF CONTEMPORY TURKEY". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ Corliss, Richard (18 October 1982). "YOL". Time. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ Maltin, Leonard (2014). Leonard Maltin's 2015 Movie Guide. Penguin. ISBN 0698183614.  ^ Staff (10 May 2016). "Cannes: All the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
Winners, Ranked". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences ^ "Festival de Cannes: Yol". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ Festival Book. Kerala State Chalachitra Academy. 2004. p. 195.  ^ "Prix et nominations : César 1983". AlloCiné. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ "LISTE DES PRIX DU MEILLEUR FILM ÉTRANGER DEPUIS 1967". French Syndicate of Cinema Critics. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ "Yol". Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved 16 June 2017.  ^ Speed, F. Maurice; Cameron-Wilson, James (1984). Film Review. W. H. Allen. p. 158.  ^ "1982 Award Winners". National Board of Review. Retrieved 16 June 2017. 

External links[edit]

Yol
Yol
on IMDb Filmpot page for the film

v t e

Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
winning films

Union Pacific (1939) Torment (Hets) (1946) The Lost Weekend (1946) The Red Meadows (1946) Brief Encounter
Brief Encounter
(1946) María Candelaria
María Candelaria
(1946) Neecha Nagar (1946) The Turning Point (1946) La Symphonie pastorale (1946) The Last Chance (1946) Men Without Wings (1946) Rome, Open City
Rome, Open City
(1946) The Third Man
The Third Man
(1949) Miss Julie (1951) Miracle in Milan
Miracle in Milan
(1951) The Tragedy of Othello: The Moor of Venice (1951) Two Cents Worth of Hope
Two Cents Worth of Hope
(1952) The Wages of Fear
The Wages of Fear
(1953) Gate of Hell (1954) Marty (1955) The Silent World
The Silent World
(1956) Friendly Persuasion (1957) The Cranes Are Flying
The Cranes Are Flying
(1958) Black Orpheus
Black Orpheus
(1959) La Dolce Vita
La Dolce Vita
(1960) The Long Absence
The Long Absence
(1961) Viridiana
Viridiana
(1961) O Pagador de Promessas
O Pagador de Promessas
(1962) The Leopard (1963) The Umbrellas of Cherbourg
The Umbrellas of Cherbourg
(1964) The Knack ...and How to Get It
The Knack ...and How to Get It
(1965) A Man and a Woman
A Man and a Woman
(1966) The Birds, the Bees and the Italians
The Birds, the Bees and the Italians
(1966) Blowup
Blowup
(1967) if.... (1969) MASH (1970) The Go-Between (1971) The Working Class Goes to Heaven
The Working Class Goes to Heaven
(1972) The Mattei Affair
The Mattei Affair
(1972) The Hireling (1973) Scarecrow (1973) The Conversation
The Conversation
(1974) Chronicle of the Years of Fire
Chronicle of the Years of Fire
(1975) Taxi Driver
Taxi Driver
(1976) Padre Padrone
Padre Padrone
(1977) The Tree of Wooden Clogs
The Tree of Wooden Clogs
(1978) Apocalypse Now
Apocalypse Now
(1979) The Tin Drum (1979) All That Jazz (1980) Kagemusha
Kagemusha
(1980) Man of Iron (1981) Missing (1982) Yol
Yol
(1982) The Ballad of Narayama (1983) Paris, Texas (1984) When Father Was Away on Business (1985) The Mission (1986) Under the Sun of Satan (1987) Pelle the Conqueror
Pelle the Conqueror
(1988) Sex, Lies, and Videotape
Sex, Lies, and Videotape
(1989) Wild at Heart (1990) Barton Fink
Barton Fink
(1991) The Best Intentions
The Best Intentions
(1992) Farewell My Concubine (1993) The Piano
The Piano
(1993) Pulp Fiction
Pulp Fiction
(1994) Underground (1995) Secrets & Lies (1996) Taste of Cherry
Taste of Cherry
(1997) The Eel (1997) Eternity and a Day
Eternity and a Day
(1998) Rosetta (1999) Dancer in the Dark
Dancer in the Dark
(2000) The Son's Room
The Son's Room
(2001) The Pianist (2002) Elephant (2003) Fahrenheit 9/11
Fahrenheit 9/11
(2004) The Child (2005) The Wind That Shakes the Barley (2006) 4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
4 Months, 3 Weeks and 2 Days
(2007) The Class (2008) The White Ribbon
The White Ribbon
(2009) Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives
Uncle Boonmee Who Can Recall His Past Lives
(2010) The Tree of Life (2011) Amour (2012) Blue Is the Warmest Colour
Blue Is the Warmest Colour
(2013) Winter Sleep (2014) Dheepan
Dheepan
(2015) I, Daniel Blake (2016) The Square (2017)

v t e

London Film Critics' Circle Foreign Language Film of the Year

The Marriage of Maria Braun
The Marriage of Maria Braun
and Angi Vera
Angi Vera
(1980) Man of Iron (1981) Mephisto (1982) Yol
Yol
(1983) A Sunday in the Country
A Sunday in the Country
(1984) Heimat: A Chronicle of Germany (1985) Ran (1986) Jean de Florette
Jean de Florette
(1987) Babette's Feast (1988) Au revoir les enfants
Au revoir les enfants
(1989) Cinema Paradiso (1990) Cyrano de Bergerac (1991) Raise the Red Lantern
Raise the Red Lantern
(1992) A Heart in Winter
A Heart in Winter
(1993) Farewell My Concubine (1994) Il Postino: The Postman (1995) Les Misérables (1996) Ridicule
Ridicule
(1997) Shall We Dance? (1998) All About My Mother
All About My Mother
(1999) Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
(2000) Amélie
Amélie
(2001) Y Tu Mamá También (2002) Good Bye, Lenin!
Good Bye, Lenin!
(2003) The Motorcycle Diaries (2004) Downfall (2005) Volver
Volver
(2006) The Lives of Others
The Lives of Others
(2007) N/A (2008) Let the Right One In (2009) Of Gods and Men (2010) A Separation (2011) Rust and Bone
Rust and Bone
(2012) Blue Is the Warmest Colour
Blue Is the Warmest Colour
(2013) Leviathan (2014) The Look of Silence
The Look of Silence
(2015) Toni Erdmann (2016)

.