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Yokohama
Yokohama
(Japanese: 横浜, Hepburn: Yokohama, pronounced [jokoꜜhama] ( listen)) is the second largest city in Japan by population, after Tokyo, and the most populous municipality of Japan. It is the capital city of Kanagawa Prefecture. It lies on Tokyo Bay, south of Tokyo, in the Kantō region
Kantō region
of the main island of Honshu. It is a major commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo
Tokyo
Area. Yokohama's population of 3.7 million makes it Japan's largest city after the special wards of Tokyo. Yokohama
Yokohama
developed rapidly as Japan's prominent port city following the end of Japan's relative isolation in the mid-19th century, and is today one of its major ports along with Kobe, Osaka, Nagoya, Hakata, Tokyo, and Chiba.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Opening of the Treaty Port (1859–1868) 1.2 Meiji and Taisho Periods (1868–1923) 1.3 Great Kanto earthquake and the Second World War (1923–1945) 1.4 Post-World War II growth

2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 Demographics

2.2.1 Historical population

2.3 Administrative divisions

3 Government and politics

3.1 International relations

4 Culture

4.1 Depictions of the city in popular media 4.2 Sports

5 Economy and infrastructure

5.1 Transport

5.1.1 Maritime transport 5.1.2 Rail transport

5.1.2.1 Railway
Railway
stations

6 Education 7 See also 8 References

8.1 Sources

9 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Yokohama Opening of the Treaty Port (1859–1868)[edit]

Landing of Commodore Perry, officers, and men of the squadron to meet the Imperial commissioners at Yokohama
Yokohama
14 July 1853. Lithograph by Sarony & Co., 1855, after Wilhelm Heine

Yokohama
Yokohama
was a small fishing village up to the end of the feudal Edo period, when Japan
Japan
held a policy of national seclusion, having little contact with foreigners.[2] A major turning point in Japanese history happened in 1853–54, when Commodore Matthew Perry arrived just south of Yokohama
Yokohama
with a fleet of American warships, demanding that Japan open several ports for commerce, and the Tokugawa shogunate
Tokugawa shogunate
agreed by signing the Treaty of Peace and Amity.[3] It was initially agreed that one of the ports to be opened to foreign ships would be the bustling town of Kanagawa-juku
Kanagawa-juku
(in what is now Kanagawa Ward) on the Tōkaidō, a strategic highway that linked Edo to Kyoto
Kyoto
and Osaka. However, the Tokugawa shogunate
Tokugawa shogunate
decided that Kanagawa-juku
Kanagawa-juku
was too close to the Tōkaidō for comfort, and port facilities were instead built across the inlet in the sleepy fishing village of Yokohama. The Port of Yokohama
Port of Yokohama
was officially opened on June 2, 1859.[4] Yokohama
Yokohama
quickly became the base of foreign trade in Japan. Foreigners initially occupied the low-lying district of the city called Kannai, residential districts later expanding as the settlement grew to incorporate much of the elevated Yamate
Yamate
district overlooking the city, commonly referred to by English speaking residents as The Bluff.

Foreign ships in Yokohama
Yokohama
harbor

A foreign trading house in Yokohama
Yokohama
in 1861

Kannai, the foreign trade and commercial district (literally, inside the barrier), was surrounded by a moat, foreign residents enjoying extraterritorial status both within and outside the compound. Interactions with the local population, particularly young samurai, outside the settlement inevitably caused problems; the Namamugi Incident, one of the events that preceded the downfall of the shogunate, took place in what is now Tsurumi Ward in 1862, and prompted the Bombardment of Kagoshima
Bombardment of Kagoshima
in 1863. To protect British commercial and diplomatic interests in Yokohama
Yokohama
a military garrison was established in 1862. With the growth in trade increasing numbers of Chinese also came to settle in the city.[5] Yokohama
Yokohama
was the scene of many notable firsts for Japan
Japan
including the growing acceptance of western fashion, photography by pioneers such as Felice Beato, Japan's first English language newspaper, the Japan Herald published in 1861 and in 1865 the first ice cream and beer to be produced in Japan.[6] Recreational sports introduced to Japan
Japan
by foreign residents in Yokohama
Yokohama
included European style horse racing in 1862, cricket in 1863[7] and rugby union in 1866. A great fire destroyed much of the foreign settlement on November 26, 1866 and smallpox was a recurrent public health hazard, but the city continued to grow rapidly attracting both foreigners and local Japanese. Meiji and Taisho Periods (1868–1923)[edit]

Street scene c. 1880.

After the Meiji Restoration
Meiji Restoration
of 1868, the port was developed for trading silk, the main trading partner being Great Britain. Western influence and technological transfer contributed to the establishment of Japan's first daily newspaper (1870), first gas-powered street lamps (1872) and Japan's first railway constructed in the same year to connect Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shinagawa and Shinbashi
Shinbashi
in Tokyo. In 1872 Jules Verne portrayed Yokohama, which he had never visited, in an episode of his widely read Around the World in Eighty Days, capturing the atmosphere of the fast-developing, internationally oriented Japanese city. In 1887, a British merchant, Samuel Cocking, built the city's first power plant. At first for his own use, this coal-burning plant became the basis for the Yokohama
Yokohama
Cooperative Electric Light Company. The city was officially incorporated on April 1, 1889.[8] By the time the extraterritoriality of foreigner areas was abolished in 1899, Yokohama was the most international city in Japan, with foreigner areas stretching from Kannai
Kannai
to the Bluff area and the large Yokohama Chinatown. The early 20th century was marked by rapid growth of industry. Entrepreneurs built factories along reclaimed land to the north of the city toward Kawasaki, which eventually grew to be the Keihin Industrial Area. The growth of Japanese industry brought affluence, and many wealthy trading families constructed sprawling residences there, while the rapid influx of population from Japan
Japan
and Korea
Korea
also led to the formation of Kojiki-Yato, then the largest slum in Japan. Great Kanto earthquake and the Second World War (1923–1945)[edit] Much of Yokohama
Yokohama
was destroyed on September 1, 1923 by the Great Kantō earthquake. The Yokohama
Yokohama
police reported casualties at 30,771 dead and 47,908 injured, out of a pre-earthquake population of 434,170.[9] Fuelled by rumours of rebellion and sabotage, vigilante mobs thereupon murdered many Koreans in the Kojiki-yato slum.[10] Many people believed that Koreans used black magic to cause the earthquake. Martial law
Martial law
was in place until November 19. Rubble from the quake was used to reclaim land for parks, the most famous being the Yamashita Park on the waterfront which opened in 1930. Yokohama
Yokohama
was rebuilt, only to be destroyed again by U.S. air raids during World War II. An estimated seven or eight thousand people were killed in a single morning on May 29, 1945 in what is now known as the Great Yokohama
Yokohama
Air Raid, when B-29s firebombed the city and in just one hour and nine minutes reduced 42% of it to rubble.[8] Post-World War II growth[edit]

During the Korean War, the United States Navy
United States Navy
used Yokohama's port as a transshipment base. This ship departed Yokohama
Yokohama
in 1951, carrying war dead home to the U.S.

During the American occupation, Yokohama
Yokohama
was a major transshipment base for American supplies and personnel, especially during the Korean War. After the occupation, most local U.S. naval activity moved from Yokohama
Yokohama
to an American base in nearby Yokosuka. The city was designated by government ordinance on September 1, 1956.[citation needed] The city's tram and trolleybus system was abolished in 1972, the same year as the opening of the first line of Yokohama
Yokohama
Municipal Subway.

Landsat
Landsat
image of Yokohama

Construction of Minato Mirai 21 ("Port Future 21"), a major urban development project on reclaimed land, started in 1983. Minato Mirai 21 hosted the Yokohama
Yokohama
Exotic Showcase in 1989, which saw the first public operation of maglev trains in Japan
Japan
and the opening of Cosmo Clock 21, then the tallest Ferris wheel
Ferris wheel
in the world. The 860m-long Yokohama Bay Bridge
Yokohama Bay Bridge
opened in the same year. In 1993, Minato Mirai
Minato Mirai
saw the opening of the Yokohama
Yokohama
Landmark Tower, the second tallest building in Japan. The 2002 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA World Cup
final was held in June at the International Stadium Yokohama. In 2009, the city marked the 150th anniversary of the opening of the port and the 120th anniversary of the commencement of the City Administration. An early part in the commemoration project incorporated the Fourth Tokyo
Tokyo
International Conference on African Development (TICAD IV) which was held in Yokohama
Yokohama
in May 2008. In November 2010, Yokohama
Yokohama
hosted the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) meeting. Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Yokohama
Yokohama
features a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa) with hot and humid summers and chilly winters. Weatherwise, Yokohama
Yokohama
has a mixed bag of rain, clouds and sun, although in Winter, it is surprisingly sunny, more so than Southern Spain. Winter temperatures rarely drop below freezing, while summer can get quite warm due to the effects of humidiy.[11] The coldest temperature was on 24 January 1927 when −8.2 °C (17.2 °F) was reached, whilst the hottest day was 11 August 2013 at 37.4 °C (99.3 °F). The highest monthly rainfall has been in October 2004 with 761.5 millimetres (30.0 in), closely followed by July 1941 with 753.4 millimetres (29.66 in), whilst December and January have recorded no measurable precipitation three times each.

Climate data for Yokohama, Kanagawa (1981–2010 except for records)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 20.8 (69.4) 24.8 (76.6) 24.5 (76.1) 28.7 (83.7) 31.1 (88) 35.5 (95.9) 36.9 (98.4) 37.4 (99.3) 36.2 (97.2) 30.9 (87.6) 26.2 (79.2) 23.5 (74.3) 37.4 (99.3)

Average high °C (°F) 9.9 (49.8) 10.3 (50.5) 13.2 (55.8) 18.5 (65.3) 22.4 (72.3) 24.9 (76.8) 28.7 (83.7) 30.6 (87.1) 26.7 (80.1) 21.5 (70.7) 16.7 (62.1) 12.4 (54.3) 19.7 (67.5)

Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9 (42.6) 6.2 (43.2) 9.1 (48.4) 14.2 (57.6) 18.3 (64.9) 21.3 (70.3) 25.0 (77) 26.7 (80.1) 23.3 (73.9) 18.0 (64.4) 13.0 (55.4) 8.5 (47.3) 15.8 (60.4)

Average low °C (°F) 2.3 (36.1) 2.6 (36.7) 5.3 (41.5) 10.4 (50.7) 15.0 (59) 18.6 (65.5) 22.4 (72.3) 24.0 (75.2) 20.6 (69.1) 15.0 (59) 9.6 (49.3) 4.9 (40.8) 12.5 (54.5)

Record low °C (°F) −8.2 (17.2) −6.8 (19.8) −4.6 (23.7) −0.5 (31.1) 3.6 (38.5) 9.2 (48.6) 13.3 (55.9) 15.5 (59.9) 11.2 (52.2) 2.2 (36) −2.4 (27.7) −5.6 (21.9) −8.2 (17.2)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 58.9 (2.319) 67.5 (2.657) 140.7 (5.539) 144.1 (5.673) 152.2 (5.992) 190.4 (7.496) 168.9 (6.65) 165.0 (6.496) 233.8 (9.205) 205.5 (8.091) 107.0 (4.213) 54.8 (2.157) 1,688.8 (66.488)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 5 (2) 6 (2.4) 1 (0.4) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 12 (4.8)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm) 6.0 6.7 11.8 11.1 11.5 13.6 11.7 8.7 12.7 11.5 8.3 5.5 119.1

Average snowy days 1.6 2.3 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 4.9

Average relative humidity (%) 53 54 60 65 70 78 78 76 76 71 64 56 67

Mean monthly sunshine hours 186.4 164.0 159.5 175.2 177.1 131.7 162.9 206.3 130.7 141.0 149.3 180.4 1,964.4

Source #1: [12]

Source #2: [13] (records)

Demographics[edit] Historical population[edit]

Kanagawa Prefectural Office

Yokohama
Yokohama
Station

Minato Mirai
Minato Mirai
at dusk

Population

Year of census Population Rank among cities in Japan

1920 422,942 6th, behind Kobe, Kyoto, Nagoya, Osaka, and Tokyo

1925 405,888 6th

1930 620,306 6th

1935 704,290 6th

1940 968,091 5th, surpassing Kobe

1945 814,379 4th, the city government of Tokyo having been disbanded in 1943

1950 951,189 4th

1955 1,143,687 4th

1960 1,375,710 3rd, surpassing Kyoto

1965 1,788,915 3rd

1970 2,238,264 2nd, surpassing Nagoya

1975 2,621,771 2nd

1980 2,773,674 1st, surpassing Osaka[14]

1985 2,992,926 1st

1990 3,220,331 1st

1995 3,307,136 1st

2000 3,426,651 1st

2005 3,579,133 1st

2010 3,670,669 1st

2015 3,710,824 1st

Yokohama's foreign population of nearly 78,000 includes Chinese, Koreans, Filipinos, and Brazilians.[15] Administrative divisions[edit]

A map of Yokohama's wards

Yokohama
Yokohama
has 18 wards (ku):

Aoba-ku (青葉区) Asahi-ku (旭区) Hodogaya-ku (保土ヶ谷区) Isogo-ku (磯子区) Izumi-ku (泉区) Kanagawa-ku (神奈川区) Kanazawa-ku (金沢区) Kōhoku-ku (港北区) Kōnan-ku (港南区)

Midori-ku (緑区) Minami-ku (南区) Naka-ku (中区) – administrative center Nishi-ku (西区) Sakae-ku (栄区) Seya-ku (瀬谷区) Totsuka-ku (戸塚区) Tsurumi-ku (鶴見区) Tsuzuki-ku (都筑区)

Government and politics[edit] The Yokohama
Yokohama
Municipal Assembly consists of 92 members elected from a total of 18 Wards. The LDP has minority control with 30 seats with Democratic Party of Japan
Japan
with a close 29. The mayor is Fumiko Hayashi, who succeeded Hiroshi Nakada
Hiroshi Nakada
in September 2009. International relations[edit]

Yokohama
Yokohama
Chinatown

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan Yokohama
Yokohama
has sister-city relationships with eight cities worldwide.[16]

Cebu City, Philippines Constanța, Romania Lyon, France[17] Manila, Philippines Mumbai, India Odessa, Ukraine San Diego, United States Shanghai, People's Republic of China Frankfurt, Germany Abidjan, Ivory Coast Vancouver, Canada[18]

Culture[edit] Depictions of the city in popular media[edit]

Yukio Mishima's novel The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea
The Sailor Who Fell from Grace with the Sea
is set mainly in Yokohama. Mishima describes the city's port and its houses, and the Western influences that shaped them. From up on Poppy Hill
From up on Poppy Hill
is a 2011 Studio Ghibli
Studio Ghibli
animated drama film directed by Gorō Miyazaki
Gorō Miyazaki
set in the Yamate
Yamate
district of Yokohama. The film is based on the serialized Japanese comic book of the same name. The main setting of James Clavell's book Gai-Jin is in historical Yokohama. Some of the events of Hitoshi Ashinano's manga Yokohama
Yokohama
Kaidashi Kikō unfold in Yokohama
Yokohama
and its surrounding areas. Aya Fuse lives in the futuristic Yokohama
Yokohama
in Scott Westerfeld's novel Extras. Anne McCaffrey's Dragonriders of Pern book series involves a spaceship named the Yokohama. One of the Pretty Cure
Pretty Cure
crossover movies takes place in Yokohama. In the fourth movie of the series, Pretty Cure
Pretty Cure
All Stars New Stage: Friends of the Future, the Pretty Cure
Pretty Cure
appear standing on top of the Cosmo Clock 21
Cosmo Clock 21
in Minato Mirai. The main setting of the Japanese visual novel series Muv-Luv, first a school and then, in an alternate history, a military base is built in Yokohama
Yokohama
with the objective of carrying out the Alternative IV Plan meant to save humanity. In Command and Conquer: Red Alert 3, Yokohama
Yokohama
is under siege by the Soviet Union and Allied Nations to stop the Empire of The Rising Sun. The player must defend Yokohama
Yokohama
and then lead a counterattack as the Empire. It is the main port used in Japan
Japan
in Jules Verne's Around the World in Eighty Days. It is one of the area where players race in the arcade Wangan Midnight Maximum Tune. The manga Bungo Stray Dogs
Bungo Stray Dogs
is set in Yokohama. The Japanese mixed-media project Hamatora
Hamatora
takes place in Yokohama. The final battle in Godzilla, Mothra and King Ghidorah: Giant Monsters All-Out Attack takes place in Yokohama.

Sports[edit]

Yokohama
Yokohama
Stadium

Soccer: Yokohama
Yokohama
F. Marinos ! Yokohama
Yokohama
F. Marinos (J.League Division 1), Yokohama FC
Yokohama FC
! Yokohama FC
Yokohama FC
(J.League Division 2), YSCC (J.League Division 3) Baseball: Yokohama
Yokohama
DeNA BayStars Velodrome: Kagetsu-en Velodrome Tennis: Ai Sugiyama

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June 2008)

The city has a strong economic base, especially in the shipping, biotechnology, and semiconductor industries. Nissan
Nissan
moved its headquarters to Yokohama
Yokohama
from Chūō, Tokyo
Tokyo
in 2010.[19] Transport[edit] Yokohama
Yokohama
is serviced by the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, a high-speed rail line with a stop at Shin- Yokohama
Yokohama
Station. Yokohama Station
Yokohama Station
is also a major station, with two million passengers daily. The Yokohama Municipal Subway provides metro services. Maritime transport[edit] Yokohama
Yokohama
is the world's 31st largest seaport in terms of total cargo volume, at 121,326 freight tons as of 2011[update], and is ranked 37th in terms of TEUs (Twenty-foot equivalent units).[20] In 2013, APM Terminals Yokohama
Yokohama
facility was recognised as the most productive container terminal in the world averaging 163 crane moves per hour, per ship between the vessel's arrival and departure at the berth.[21] Rail transport[edit] Railway
Railway
stations[edit]

■ East Japan
Japan
Railway
Railway
Company ■ Tōkaidō Main Line

Yokohama
Yokohama
– Totsuka –

■ Yokosuka Line

Yokohama
Yokohama
– Hodogaya – Higashi-Totsuka – Totsuka –

■ Keihin-Tōhoku Line

– Tsurumi – Shin-Koyasu – Higashi-Kanagawa – Yokohama

■ Negishi Line

Yokohama
Yokohama
– Sakuragichō – Kannai
Kannai
– Ishikawachō – Yamate
Yamate
– Negishi – Isogo – Shin-Sugita – Yōkōdai – Kōnandai – Hongōdai –

Yokohama
Yokohama
Line

Higashi-Kanagawa – Ōguchi – Kikuna – Shin- Yokohama
Yokohama
– Kozukue – Kamoi – Nakayama – Tōkaichiba – Nagatsuta –

■ Nambu Line

– Yakō –

■ Tsurumi Line

Main Line : Tsurumi – Kokudō – Tsurumi-Ono – Bentembashi – Asano – Anzen – Umi-Shibaura Branch : Asano – Shin-Shibaura – Umi-Shibaura

■ Central Japan
Japan
Railway
Railway
Company ■ Tōkaidō Shinkansen

– Shin- Yokohama
Yokohama

■ Keikyu ■ Keikyu
Keikyu
Main Line

– Tsurumi-Ichiba – Keikyū Tsurumi – Kagetsuen-mae – Namamugi – Keikyū Shin-Koyasu – Koyasu – Kanagawa-Shinmachi – Naka-Kido – Kanagawa – Yokohama
Yokohama
– Tobe – Hinodechō – Koganechō – Minami-Ōta – Idogaya – Gumyōji – Kami-Ōoka – Byōbugaura – Sugita – Keikyū Tomioka – Nōkendai – Kanazawa-Bunko – Kanazawa-Hakkei –

Keikyu
Keikyu
Zushi Line

Kanazawa-Hakkei – Mutsuura –

■ Tokyu Corporation ■ Tōyoko Line

– Hiyoshi – Tsunashima – Ōkurayama – Kikuna – Myōrenji – Hakuraku – Higashi-Hakuraku – Tammachi – Yokohama

■ Meguro Line

– Hiyoshi

■ Den-en-toshi Line

– Tama-Plaza – Azamino – Eda – Ichigao – Fujigaoka – Aobadai – Tana – Nagatsuta –

■ Kodomonokuni Line

Nagatsuta – Onda – Kodomonokuni

■ Sagami Railway ■ Sagami Railway
Railway
Main Line

Yokohama
Yokohama
– Hiranumabashi – Nishi- Yokohama
Yokohama
– Tennōchō – Hoshikawa – Wadamachi – Kamihoshikawa – Nishiya – Tsurugamine – Futamatagawa – Kibōgaoka – Mitsukyō – Seya –

■ Izumino Line

Futamatagawa – Minami-Makigahara – Ryokuentoshi – Yayoidai – Izumino – Izumi-chūō – Yumegaoka

Yokohama
Yokohama
Minatomirai Railway ■ Minatomirai Line

Yokohama
Yokohama
– Shin-Takashima – Minato Mirai
Minato Mirai
– Bashamichi – Nihon-ōdōri – Motomachi-Chūkagai

Yokohama
Yokohama
City Transportation Bureau ■ Blue Line

– Shimoiida – Tateba – Nakada – Odoriba – Totsuka – Maioka – Shimonagaya – Kaminagaya – Kōnan-Chūō – Kami-Ōoka – Gumyōji – Maita – Yoshinochō – Bandōbashi – Isezakichōjamachi – Kannai
Kannai
– Sakuragichō – Takashimachō – Yokohama
Yokohama
– Mitsuzawa-shimochō – Mitsuzawa-kamichō – Katakurachō – Kishine-kōen – Shin- Yokohama
Yokohama
– Kita Shin- Yokohama
Yokohama
– Nippa – Nakamachidai – Center Minami – Center Kita – Nakagawa – Azamino

■ Green Line

Nakayama – Kawawachō – Tsuzuki-Fureai-no-Oka – Center Minami – Center Kita – Kita-Yamata – Higashi-Yamata – Takata – Hiyoshi-Honchō – Hiyoshi

Yokohama
Yokohama
New Transit ■ Kanazawa Seaside Line

Shin-Sugita – Nambu-Shijō – Torihama – Namiki-Kita – Namiki-Chūō – Sachiura – Sangyō-Shinkō-Center – Fukuura – Shidai-Igakubu – Hakkeijima – Uminokōen-Shibaguchi – Uminokōen-Minamiguchi – Nojimakōen – Kanazawa-Hakkei

Education[edit] Public elementary and middle schools are operated by the city of Yokohama. There are nine public high schools which are operated by the Yokohama
Yokohama
City Board of Education,[22] and a number of public high schools which are operated by the Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education. Yokohama National University
Yokohama National University
is a leading university in Yokohama
Yokohama
which is also one of the highest ranking national universities in Japan. See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal

Tokyo Kyoto Osaka

References[edit]

^ Yokohama
Yokohama
official web site (in English) ^ Der Große Brockhaus. 16. edition. Vol. 6. F. A. Brockhaus, Wiesbaden 1955, p. 82 ^ "Official Yokohama
Yokohama
city website it is fresh". City.yokohama.jp. Retrieved 2010-05-05.  ^ Arita, Erika, "Happy Birthday Yokohama!", The Japan
Japan
Times, May 24, 2009, p. 7. ^ Fukue, Natsuko, "Chinese immigrants played vital role", Japan
Japan
Times, May 28, 2009, p. 3. ^ Matsutani, Minoru, " Yokohama
Yokohama
– city on the cutting edge", Japan Times, May 29, 2009, p. 3. ^ Galbraith, Michael (16 June 2013). "Death threats sparked Japan's first cricket game". Japan
Japan
Times. Retrieved 1 April 2016.  ^ a b Interesting Tidbits of Yokohama[History of Yokohama] Yokohama Convention & Visitors Bureau Retrieved on February 7, 2009 Archived September 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Hammer, Joshua. (2006). Yokohama
Yokohama
Burning: The Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II, p. 143. ^ Hammer, pp. 149-170. ^ " Yokohama
Yokohama
Weather, When to Go and Yokohama
Yokohama
Climate Information". world-guides.com. Retrieved 2010-01-11.  ^ "過去の気象データ検索: 平年値(年・月ごとの値) ("Historical Climate data for Yokohama")". Japan
Japan
Meteorological Agency.  ^ "観測史上1~10位の値( 年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency.  ^ Osaka
Osaka
was once more populous than Yokohama
Yokohama
is today. ^ "横浜市区別外国人登録人口(平成22年6月末現在)". Retrieved July 26, 2010.  ^ "Eight Cities/Six Ports: Yokohama's Sister Cities/Sister Ports". Yokohama
Yokohama
Convention & Visitors Bureau. Archived from the original on May 5, 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-18.  ^ "Partner Cities of Lyon
Lyon
and Greater Lyon". 2008 Mairie de Lyon. Retrieved 2009-07-17.  ^ " Vancouver
Vancouver
Twinning Relationships" (PDF). City of Vancouver. Retrieved 2009-07-18.  ^ " Nissan
Nissan
To Create New Global and Domestic Headquarters in Yokohama City by 2010". Japancorp.net. Retrieved 2009-05-06.  ^ "Ports & World Trade". www.aapa-ports.org.  ^ "Chinese Ports Lead the World in Berth Productivity, JOC Group Inc. Data Shows". Press Release. AXIO Data Group. JOC Inc. 24 June 2014. Retrieved 20 March 2015.  ^ "Official Yokohama
Yokohama
city website". City.yokohama.jp. Retrieved 2010-05-05. 

Sources[edit]

Hammer, Joshua (2006). Yokohama
Yokohama
Burning: The Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-6465-5 (cloth). Heilbrun, Jacob. "Aftershocks". The New York Times, September 17, 2006.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yokohama.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Yokohama.

Official Website (in Japanese) Yokohama
Yokohama
Tourism Website (in English) Geographic data related to Yokohama
Yokohama
at OpenStreetMap

Articles Related to Yokohama

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Kanagawa Prefecture

Yokohama
Yokohama
(capital)

Wards of Yokohama

Aoba Asahi Hodogaya Isogo Izumi Kanagawa Kanazawa Kōhoku Kōnan Midori Minami Naka Nishi Sakae Seya Totsuka Tsurumi Tsuzuki

Wards of Kawasaki

Asao Kawasaki Miyamae Nakahara Saiwai Takatsu Tama

Wards of Sagamihara

Chūō Midori Minami

Core city

Yokosuka

Special
Special
cities

Atsugi Chigasaki Hiratsuka Odawara Yamato

Cities

Ayase Ebina Fujisawa Hadano Isehara Kamakura Minamiashigara Miura Zama Zushi

Aikō District

Aikawa Kiyokawa

Ashigarakami District

Kaisei Matsuda Nakai Ōi Yamakita

Ashigarashimo District

Hakone Manazuru Yugawara

Kōza District

Samukawa

Miura District

Hayama

Naka District

Ninomiya Ōiso

List of mergers in Kanagawa Prefecture

Other areas Shōnan Enoshima

 Geographic locale

Lat. and Long. 35°27′N 139°38′E / 35.450°N 139.633°E / 35.450; 139.633

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Metropolitan cities of Japan

Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolis

Special
Special
wards of Tokyo※ (Adachi Arakawa Bunkyo Chiyoda Chūō Edogawa Itabashi Katsushika Kita Koto Meguro Minato Nakano Nerima Ōta Setagaya Shibuya Shinagawa Shinjuku Suginami Sumida Toshima Taitō)

Designated cities

Chiba※ Fukuoka※ Hamamatsu Hiroshima※ Kawasaki Kitakyushu Kobe※ Kumamoto※ Kyoto※ Nagoya※ Niigata※ Okayama※ Osaka※ Sagamihara Saitama※ Sakai Sapporo※ Sendai※ Shizuoka※ Yokohama※

Core cities

Akita※ Amagasaki Aomori※ Asahikawa Fukuyama Funabashi Gifu※ Hachinohe Hachiōji Hakodate Higashiōsaka Himeji Hirakata Iwaki Kagoshima※ Kanazawa※ Kashiwa Kawagoe Kōchi※ Kōriyama Koshigaya Kurashiki Kure Kurume Maebashi※ Matsuyama※ Miyazaki※ Morioka※ Naha Nagano※ Nagasaki※ Nara※ Nishinomiya Ōita※ Okazaki Ōtsu※ Sasebo Shimonoseki Takamatsu※ Takasaki Takatsuki Toyama※ Toyohashi Toyonaka Toyota Utsunomiya※ Wakayama※ Yokosuka

Special
Special
cities

Akashi Atsugi Chigasaki Fuji Fukui※ Hiratsuka Ibaraki Ichinomiya Isesaki Jōetsu Kakogawa Kasugai Kasukabe Kawaguchi Kishiwada Kōfu※ Kumagaya Matsue※ Matsumoto Mito※ Nagaoka Neyagawa Numazu Odawara Ōta Saga※ Sōka Suita Takarazuka Tokorozawa Tottori※ Tsukuba Yamagata※ Yamato Yao Yokkaichi

Prefectural capitals

Fukushima Tsu Tokushima Yamaguchi

Note: ※ also a prefectural capital

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World's fifty most-populous urban areas

Tokyo– Yokohama
Yokohama
(Keihin) Jakarta
Jakarta
(Jabodetabek) Delhi Manila
Manila
(Metro Manila) Seoul– Incheon
Incheon
(Sudogwon) Shanghai Karachi Beijing New York City Guangzhou– Foshan
Foshan
(Guangfo)

São Paulo Mexico
Mexico
City (Valley of Mexico) Mumbai Osaka–Kobe– Kyoto
Kyoto
(Keihanshin) Moscow Dhaka Greater Cairo Los Angeles Bangkok Kolkata

Greater Buenos Aires Tehran Istanbul Lagos Shenzhen Rio de Janeiro Kinshasa Tianjin Paris Lima

Chengdu Greater London Nagoya
Nagoya
(Chūkyō) Lahore Chennai Bangalore Chicago Bogotá Ho Chi Minh City Hyderabad

Dongguan Johannesburg Wuhan Taipei-Taoyuan Hangzhou Hong Kong Chongqing Ahmedabad Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
(Klang Valley) Quanzhou

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 125484182 LCCN: n80022957 ISNI: 0000 0004 0389 2294 GND: 41921

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