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Yeomanry
Yeomanry
is a designation used by a number of units or sub-units of the British Army
British Army
Reserve, descended from volunteer cavalry regiments. Today, Yeomanry
Yeomanry
units serve in a variety of different military roles.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origins 1.2 Early 19th century 1.3 Mid and late 19th century 1.4 Boer War 1.5 World War I
World War I
and later 1.6 World War II 1.7 Post-war

2 Current Yeomanry
Yeomanry
regiments 3 Other remnants of yeomanry units

3.1 Royal Signals 3.2 Royal Artillery 3.3 Army Air Corps 3.4 Royal Engineers 3.5 Royal Logistic Corps

4 See also 5 References

History[edit] See also: Yeomanry
Yeomanry
Cavalry Origins[edit]

A Review of the London Volunteer Cavalry and Flying Artillery in Hyde Park in 1804

In the 1790s, the threat of invasion of the Kingdom of Great Britain was high, after the French Revolution
French Revolution
and the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte. To improve the country's defences, volunteer regiments were raised in many counties from yeomen. While the word "yeoman" in normal use meant a small farmer who owned his land, Yeomanry
Yeomanry
officers were drawn from the nobility or the landed gentry, and many of the men were the officers' tenants or had other forms of obligation to the officers. These regiments became known collectively as the Yeomanry. Members of the yeomanry were not obliged to serve overseas without their individual consent. Early 19th century[edit] During the first half of the nineteenth century Yeomanry
Yeomanry
Regiments were used extensively in support of the civil authority to quell riots and civil disturbances, including the Peterloo Massacre; as police forces were created and took over this role, the Yeomanry
Yeomanry
concentrated on local defence. In 1827 it was decided for financial reasons to reduce the number of yeomanry regiments, disbanding those which had not been required to assist the civil power over the previous decade. A number of independent troops were also dissolved. Following these reductions the yeomanry establishment was fixed at 22 corps (regiments) receiving allowances and a further 16 serving without pay. During the 1830s the number of yeomanry units fluctuated, reflecting the level of civil unrest in any particular region at any particular time. The Irish Yeomanry, which had played a major role in suppressing the rebellion of 1798, was completely disbanded in 1838. Mid and late 19th century[edit] For the next thirty years the Yeomanry
Yeomanry
Force was retained as a second line of support for the regular cavalry within Britain. Recruiting difficulties led to serious consideration being given to the disbandment of the entire force in 1870, but instead measures were taken the following year to improve its effectiveness. These included requirements that individual yeomanry troopers attend a minimum number of drills per year in return for a "permanent duty" allowance, and that units be maintained at a specific strength. Yeomanry
Yeomanry
officers and permanent drill instructors were required to undergo training at a newly established School of Instruction and the Secretary of State for War took over responsibility for the force, from individual Lords Lieutenant of counties. While these reforms improved the professionalism of the Yeomanry
Yeomanry
Force, numbers remained low (only 10,617 in 1881). In 1876 the role of the Yeomanry
Yeomanry
Force was fixed as that of light cavalry. During the previous decades horse artillery troops had been raised to be attached to a number of yeomanry regiments and dismounted detachments appeared where horses were not available in sufficient numbers. These supernumerary units were now abolished.

Hertfordshire Yeomanry
Yeomanry
in the 1890s.

Boer War[edit] During the Second Boer War
Second Boer War
companies of Imperial Yeomanry
Imperial Yeomanry
were formed to serve overseas from volunteers from the Yeomanry. In 1901 all yeomanry regiments were redesignated as "Imperial Yeomanry", and reorganised. In 1908 the Imperial Yeomanry
Imperial Yeomanry
was merged with the Volunteer Force to form the Territorial Force, of which it became the cavalry arm. The "Imperial" title was dropped at the same time. World War I
World War I
and later[edit] On the eve of World War I
World War I
in 1914 there were 55 Yeomanry
Yeomanry
regiments (with two more formed in August 1914), each of four squadrons instead of the three of the regular cavalry. Upon embodiment these regiments were either brought together to form mounted brigades or allocated as divisional cavalry. For purposes of recruitment and administration the Yeomanry
Yeomanry
were linked to specific counties or regions, identified in the regimental title. Some of the units still in existence in 1914 dated back to those created in the 1790s while others had been created during a period of expansion following on the Boer War. After the First World War the Territorial Force
Territorial Force
was disbanded and later reformed and redesignated as the Territorial Army. Following the experience of the war, only the fourteen senior yeomanry regiments retained their horses, with the rest being re-roled as armoured car companies, artillery, engineers, or signals. Two regiments were disbanded. The converted units retained their yeomanry traditions, with some artillery regiments having individual batteries representing different yeomanry units. World War II[edit] On the eve of the Second World War in 1939 the Territorial Army was doubled in size, with duplicate units formed; this led to some regiments being de-amalgamated. The last mounted regiment of yeomanry was the Queen's Own Yorkshire Dragoons, who were converted to an armoured role in March 1942, and later converted again into an infantry battalion of the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry. Volunteers from the Yeomanry
Yeomanry
served in the Long Range Desert Group from 1940 through to 1943, incorporated into "Y Patrol".[1] Post-war[edit] There were reductions in the size of the TA in 1957 and 1961 and this led to amalgamation of some pairs of yeomanry regiments. There was a major reduction in reserve forces in 1967 with the formation of the Territorial and Army Volunteer Reserve, and all existing yeomanry regiments were reduced to squadron, company or battery sub-units. A number of further reorganisations have taken place since then. Current Yeomanry
Yeomanry
regiments[edit] In the current Army Reserve there remain remnants of former Yeomanry regiments serving, usually as a sub-unit that is part of a larger unit:

Royal Yeomanry

C&S (Westminster Dragoons) Squadron A (Nottinghamshire Yeomanry) Squadron B (Staffordshire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire Yeomanry) Squadron C (Kent and Sharpshooters Yeomanry) Squadron (Croydon) D (Shropshire Yeomanry) Squadron E (Leicestershire and Derbyshire Yeomanry) Squadron The Royal Yeomanry
Royal Yeomanry
Band (Inns of Court & City Yeomanry)

Royal Wessex Yeomanry

B (Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry) Squadron A (Dorset Yeomanry) Squadron C (Royal Gloucestershire Hussars) Squadron D (Royal Devon Yeomanry) Squadron Y (Royal Wiltshire Yeomanry) Squadron

Queen's Own Yeomanry

A (Yorkshire Yeomanry) Squadron B (Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry) Squadron C (Cheshire Yeomanry) Squadron C & S (Command and support) (Northumberland Hussars) Squadron

Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry

A (Ayrshire (Earl of Carrick's Own) Yeomanry) Squadron in Ayr[2] B (North Irish Horse) Squadron in Beflast and Coleraine[3] C (Fife and Forfar Yeomanry/Scottish Horse) Squadron in Cupar[4] E (Lothians and Border Yeomanry) Squadron in Edinburgh[5]

Other remnants of yeomanry units[edit] Royal Signals[edit]

32 (Scottish) Signal Regiment

40 (North Irish Horse) Signal Squadron

37 Signal Regiment

54 (Queen's Own Warwickshire and Worcestershire Yeomanry) Support Squadron

39 (Skinners) Signal Regiment

93 (North Somerset Yeomanry) Support Squadron 94 (Berkshire Yeomanry) Signal Squadron

71st (City of London) Yeomanry
Yeomanry
Signal Regiment

31 (Middlesex Yeomanry) Signal Squadron 68 (Inns of Court & City Yeomanry) Signal Squadron 265 (Kent and County of London Yeomanry
Yeomanry
(Sharpshooters)) Support Squadron 36 (Essex Yeomanry) Signal Squadron

Royal Artillery[edit]

104 Regiment
Regiment
Royal Artillery

C (Glamorgan Yeomanry) Troop

106th (Yeomanry) Regiment
Regiment
Royal Artillery

457 (Hampshire Carabiniers Yeomanry) Battery 295 (Hampshire Yeomanry) Battery

Army Air Corps[edit]

6 Regiment, Army Air Corps

677 (Suffolk and Norfolk Yeomanry) Squadron Army Air Corps

Royal Engineers[edit]

101 (City of London) Engineer Regiment

2 (Surrey Yeomanry) Field Troop 1 (Sussex Yeomanry) Field Troop

71 Engineer Regiment

Lovat Scouts

Royal Logistic Corps[edit]

157 (Welsh) Regiment
Regiment
RLC

224 (Pembroke Yeomanry) Squadron 398 (Flint & Denbighshire Yeomanry) Squadron

165 Port and Maritime Regiment
Regiment
RLC

710 (Royal Buckinghamshire Hussars) Operational Hygiene Squadron[6] 142 (Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars) Vehicle Squadron

See also[edit]

British Army
British Army
portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yeomanry.

Imperial Yeomanry Yeomanry
Yeomanry
order of precedence List of Yeomanry
Yeomanry
Regiments
Regiments
1908 List of British Army
British Army
Yeomanry
Yeomanry
Regiments
Regiments
converted to Royal Artillery

Other uses of yeoman:

Yeomen Warders
Yeomen Warders
of Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London Yeomen of the Guard, the Queen's Body Guard

References[edit]

^ Arthur Taylor, Discovering British Cavalry Regiments, Aylesbury, 1973 ^ "A (Ayrshire (EOCO) Yeomanry) Sqn". MOD. Retrieved 6 November 2015.  ^ "B (North Irish Horse) Sqn". MOD. Retrieved 6 November 2015.  ^ "C (FFY/SH) Sqn". MOD. Retrieved 6 November 2015.  ^ "E (Lothians and Border Yeomanry) Sqn". MOD. Retrieved 6 November 2015.  ^ http://www.royalbucks

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