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Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
(born Yılmaz Pütün, 1 April 1937 – 9 September 1984) was a Kurdish film director, scenarist, novelist, and actor, who produced movies in Turkish.[2][3][4][5] He quickly rose to prominence in Turkish Film Industry. Many of his works were devoted to the plight of ordinary, working class people in Turkey. Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
won the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
with the film Yol
Yol
he co-produced with Şerif Gören at Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
in 1982. He was at constant odds with the Turkish government because of his portrayals of Kurdish culture, people and language in his movies. After being accused of killing a judge, something Yılmaz claimed to be innocent of, and being convicted in a controversial trial in 1974[6], he fled the country and later lost his citizenship.[7]

Contents

1 Background 2 Career in Turkey 3 Exile and death 4 Filmography

4.1 Actor 4.2 Director

5 Biography 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Background[edit] Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
was born in 1937 in the Yenice county of Adana. His father was a Zaza Kurd from Siverek
Siverek
and his mother was a Kurd from Varto.[1][5] His parents migrated to Adana to work as cotton field laborers. As a result of his family background, young Yılmaz grew among the working class. This was a strong background for his future works which generally focused on a realistic portrayal of downtrodden and marginalized strata of the population in the country. Güney studied law and economics at the universities of Ankara
Ankara
and Istanbul, but by the age of 21 he found himself actively involved in film-making. Career in Turkey[edit] As Yeşilçam, the Turkish studio system, a handful of directors, including Atıf Yılmaz, began to use cinema as a means of addressing the problems of the people. State-sanctioned melodramas, war films, and play adaptations had mostly previously been played in Turkish theaters. These new filmmakers began to shoot and screen more realistic pictures of Turkish/Kurdish life. Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
was one of the most popular names to emerge from this trend, a gruff-looking young actor who earned the moniker Çirkin Kral ("the Ugly King" in Turkish) or "paşay naşirîn" in Kurdish. After working as an apprentice screenwriter for and assistant to Atıf Yılmaz, Güney soon began appearing in as many as 20 films a year and became Turkey's one of the most popular actors. The early 1960s brought restricted freedom to Turkey, and Güney was imprisoned from 1960 to 1962. In prison he wrote what some labeled a "communist" novel, They Died with Their Heads Bowed.[8] The country's political situation and Güney's relationship with the authorities became even more tense in the ensuing years. Not content with his star status atop the Turkish film industry, Güney began directing his own pictures in 1965. By 1968 he had formed his own production company, Güney Filmcilik. Over the next few years, the titles of his films mirrored the feelings of the people of Turkey: Umut (Hope, 1970); Ağıt (Elegy, 1972); Acı (Pain, 1971); The Hopeless (1971). Umut is considered to be the first realistic film of Turkish Cinema, the American director Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
was among the first to praise the film; “Umut is a poetic film, completely native, not an imitation of Hollywood or any of the European masters, it had risen out of a village environment”.[9] After 1972, however, Güney would spend most of his life in prison. Arrested for harboring anarchist students, Güney was jailed during preproduction of Zavallılar (The Miserable, 1975), and before completing Endişe (Worry, 1974), which was finished in 1974 by Güney's assistant, Şerif Gören. This was a role that Gören would repeat over the next dozen years, directing several scripts that Güney wrote in prison. Released from prison in 1974 as part of a general amnesty, Güney was re-arrested that same year for shooting Sefa Mutlu, the public prosecutor of Yumurtalık
Yumurtalık
district in Adana Province, to death in a night club as a result of a drunken row[10] and given a prison sentence of 19 years. During this stretch of incarceration, his most successful screenplays were Sürü (The Herd, 1978) and Düşman (The Enemy, 1979), both directed by Zeki Ökten. Düşman won an Honourable Mention at the 30th Berlin International Film Festival
30th Berlin International Film Festival
in 1980.[11] Güney's first marriage was with fellow Turkish actress, Nebahat Çehre, who co-starred alongside Güney in more than several films. Their relationship began in 1964 and they married in 1967. Prior to his marriage, Güney fathered a daughter, Elif Güney Pütün, from his relationship with Birsen Can Ünal. Despite Güney and Nebahat Çehre's divorce in 1968, many of those closest to Güney have always regarded Çehre to have been the love of his life. Later, Güney married Jale Fatma Süleymangil, more commonly known as Fatoş Güney, in 1970. Together, they had a son, Remzi Yılmaz Pütün. Exile and death[edit]

Grave of Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
at Père Lachaise Cemetery, Paris

In September 1980, Güney's works were banned by the new military junta. Güney declared, “There are only two possibilities: to fight or to give up, I chose to fight”.[12] After escaping from prison in 1981 and fleeing to France[13], Güney won the Palme d'Or
Palme d'Or
at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
for his film Yol, whose director in the field was once again Şerif Gören. It was not until 1983 that Güney resumed directing, telling a brutal tale of imprisoned children in his final film, Duvar (The Wall, 1983), made in France
France
with the cooperation of the French government. Meanwhile, Turkey's government revoked his citizenship and a court sentenced him to twenty-two extra years in jail.[8] Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
died of gastric cancer in 1984, in Paris, France.[8] Filmography[edit] See also: List of Turkish films

Actor[edit]

Alageyik (1958) Bu Vatanın Çocukları (1958) Tütün Zamanı (1959) Dolandırıcılar Şahı (1961) Tatlı Bela (1961) İkisi de Cesurdu (1963) Halime'den Mektup Var (1964) Her Gün Ölmektense (1964) Kamalı Zeybek (1964) Kara Şahin (1964) Kocaoğlan (1964) Koçero (1964) Mor Defter (1964) On korkusuz Adam (1964) Prangasız Mahkumlar (1964) Zımba Gibi Delikanlı (1964) Gönül Kuşu (1965) Haracıma Dokunma (1965) Kahreden Kurşun (1965) Kan Gövdeyi Götürdü (1965) Kanlı Buğday (1965) Kasımpaşalı (1965) Kasımpaşalı Recep (1965) Konyakçı (1965) Korkusuzlar (1965) Krallar Kralı (1965) Sayılı Kabadayılar (1965) Silaha Yeminliydim (1965) Sokakta Kan Vardı (1965) Tehlikeli Adam (1965) Torpido Yılmaz (1965) Üçünüzü de Mıhlarım (1965) Yaralı Kartal (1965)

Ben Öldükçe Yaşarım (1965) Beyaz Atlı Adam (1965) Dağların Oğlu (1965) Davudo (1965) Anası Yiğit Doğurmuş (1966) Arslanların Dönüşü (1966) At Avrat Silah (1966) Bomba Kemal (1966) Çirkin Kral (1966) Esrefpaşalı (1966) Hudutların Kanunu (1966) Kibar Haydut (1966) Kovboy Ali (1966) Silahların Kanunu (1966) Tilki Selim (1966) Ve Silahlara Veda (1966) Yedi Dağın Aslanı (1966) Yiğit Yaralı ÖlÜr (1966) At hırsızı Banus (1967) Balatlı Arif (1967) Bana Kurşun İşlemez (1967) Benim Adım Kerim (1967) Büyük Cellatlar (1967) Çirkin Kral Affetmez (1967) Eşkiya Celladı (1967) İnce Cumali (1967) Kızılırmak-Karakoyun (1967) Kozanoğlu (1967) Kuduz Recep (1967) Kurbanlık Katil (1967) Şeytanın Oğlu (1967) Kardeşim Benim (1968) Kargacı Halil (1968) Marmara Hasan (1968) Öldürmek Hakkımdır (1968) Pire Nuri (1968) Seyyit Han (1968)

Aslan Bey (1968) Azrail Benim (1968) Beyoğlu Canavarı (1968) Can Pazarı (1968) Aç Kurtlar (1969) Belanın Yedi Türlüsü (1969) Bin Defa Ölürüm (1969) Bir Çirkin Adam (1969) Çifte Tabancalı Kabadayı (1969) Güney Ölüm Saçıyor (1969) Kan Su Gibi Akacak (1969) Kurşunların Kanunu (1969) Çifte Yürekli (1970) İmzam Kanla Yazılır (1970) Kanımın Son Damlasına Kadar (1970) Onu Allah Affetsin (1970) Piyade Osman (1970) Sevgili Muhafızım (1970) Şeytan Kayaları (1970) Son Kızgın Adam (1970) Umut (1970) Yedi Belalılar (1970) Zeyno (1970) Canlı Hedef (1970) Baba (1971) Çirkin ve Cesur (1971) İbret (1971) Kaçaklar (1971) Namus ve Silah (1971) Umutsuzlar (1971) Vurguncular (1971) Ağıt (1972) Sahtekar (1972) Zavallılar (1975) Arkadaş (1974) Endişe (1974)

Director[edit]

At Avrat Silah (1966) Bana Kurşun İşlemez (1967) Benim Adım Kerim (1967) Pire Nuri (1968) Seyyit Han (1968) Aç Kurtlar (1969) Bir Çirkin Adam (1969) Umut (1970)

Canlı Hedef (1970) Piyade Osman (1970) Baba (1971) ([2]) İbret (1971) Kaçaklar (1971) Umutsuzlar (1971) Vurguncular (1971) Yarın Son Gündür (1971)

Acı (1971) Ağıt (1972) Arkadaş (1974) ([3]) Endişe (1974) Zavallılar (1975) Surü (1978) Düşman (1979) Yol
Yol
(1982) Duvar (1983)

Biography[edit] A biography of Güney, Halkın Sanatçısı, Halkın Savaşçısı: Yılmaz Güney, was published by Dönüşüm Publishing in 1992, and reprinted in 2000. Its publisher was fined in 2001 because of some of the book's content, although this was overturned in 2003 when the relevant law was repealed.[14] See also[edit]

Category:Kurdish film directors List of Turkish film directors

References[edit]

^ https://www.upi.com/Archives/1983/01/06/Yol-director-stripped-of-citizenship/2517410677200/ ^ Suad Joseph, Afsaneh Najmabadi, Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures: Family, law, and politics, Brill, 2005, ISBN 978-90-04-12818-7, id=4Uyypm6T7ZsC&pg=PA361&dq=%22Y%C4%B1lmaz+G%C3%BCney%22++Marxist+director&hl=tr&ei=W8PATNjXJYaWvAO6sKyqCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=snippet&q=Marxist%20director&f=false p. 361. ^ Joost Jongerden, The settlement issue in Turkey
Turkey
and the Kurds: an analysis of spatial policies, modernity and war, Brill, 2007, ISBN 978-90-04-15557-2, p. 31. ^ Pope, Hugh and Nicole Pope, Turkey
Turkey
Unveiled: A History of Modern Turkey, (Overlook TP, 2000), 254. ^ a b "Ben Fransız vatandaşı oldum o olmadı" (interview with Güney's widow). Hürriyet / 05.03.2000 ^ "Lumpen değil centilmendi". Hürriyet. Retrieved 28 September 2017.  ^ "Yilmaz Güney: From "Ugly King" to Poet of Despair - Harvard Film Archive". hcl.harvard.edu. Retrieved 2017-11-09.  ^ a b c New York Times, 10 September 1984, Yilmaz Guney Is Dead;Turkish Film Director ^ https://themovingsilent.wordpress.com/2013/03/30/yilmaz-guney-the-ugly-king/ ^ Turkish Daily Hürriyet Account of the eye witness Mehmet Uyulhas ^ "Berlinale 1980: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-08-17.  ^ https://themovingsilent.wordpress.com/2010/12/15/kurdish-cinema-yol-yilmaz-guney-1982/ ^ http://www.gazetevatan.com/-cirkin-kral--turkiye-den-nasil-kacti--182757-gundem/ ^ ECHR, 10 May 2007, Üstün v. Turkey, Application no. 37685/02

External links[edit]

Yilmaz Güney on IMDb Interviews and information (in French) Great Directors profile of Yılmaz Güney, Senses of Cinema Picture gallery on saradistribution

Awards

Preceded by Ekrem Bora Golden Orange Award for Best Actor 1967 for Hudutların Kanunu Succeeded by Fikret Hakan

Preceded by newly established Golden Boll Award for Best Actor 1969 for Seyyit Han 1970 for Umut 1971 for Ağıt

Succeeded by Kadir İnanır

Preceded by Safa Önal Golden Boll Award for Best Screenplay 1970 for Umut 1971 for Ağıt

Succeeded by not awarded

Preceded by Cüneyt Arkın Golden Orange Award for Best Actor 1970 for Bir Çirkin Adam Succeeded by Fikret Hakan

Preceded by Bilge Olgaç Golden Boll Award for Best Director 1971 for Ağıt Succeeded by Ertem Eğilmez

Preceded by Sadık Şendil Golden Orange Award for Best Screenplay 1975 for Endişe Succeeded by Umur Bugay

v t e

Golden Orange Award for Best Actor

İzzet Günay (1964) Fikret Hakan (1965) Ekrem Bora
Ekrem Bora
(1966) Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
(1967) Fikret Hakan (1968) Cüneyt Arkın
Cüneyt Arkın
(1969) Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
(1970) Fikret Hakan (1971) Murat Soydan (1972) Tarık Akan
Tarık Akan
(1973) Hakan Balamir (1974) Erkan Yücel (1975) Cüneyt Arkın
Cüneyt Arkın
(1976) Kemal Sunal
Kemal Sunal
(1977) Tarık Akan
Tarık Akan
(1978) Fikret Hakan (1979) Tarık Akan
Tarık Akan
/ Aytaç Arman (1980) İhsan Yüce (1981) Genco Erkal (1982) Genco Erkal (1983) Tarık Akan
Tarık Akan
(1984) Hakan Balamir (1985) Kadir İnanır
Kadir İnanır
(1986) Şener Şen
Şener Şen
(1987) Aytaç Arman (1988) Tarık Akan
Tarık Akan
(1989) Tarık Akan
Tarık Akan
(1990) Ekrem Bora
Ekrem Bora
(1991) Mehmet Aslantuğ (1992) Mehmet Aslantuğ (1993) Sadri Alışık
Sadri Alışık
/ Mehmet Aslantuğ (1994) Halil Ergün (1995) Ruhi Sarı (1996) Tanju Gürsu (1997) Erkan Can (1998) Uğur Polat (1999) Talat Bulut (2000) Altan Erkekli
Altan Erkekli
(2001) Fırat Tanış (2002) Tarık Akan
Tarık Akan
(2003) Olgun Şimşek (2004) Şener Şen
Şener Şen
(2005) Erkan Can (2006) Murat Han
Murat Han
(2007) Tayanç Ayaydın (2008) Öner Erkan (2009) Serkan Ercan (2010) Erdal Beşikçioğlu
Erdal Beşikçioğlu
(2011) Abdulkadir Tuncer (2012) Hakan Yufkacıgil (2013) Feyyaz Duman / Serkan Keskin (2014) Nadir Sarıbacak (2015) Menderes Samancılar (2016)

v t e

Golden Orange Award for Best Screenplay

Vedat Türkali (1965) Erol Keskin- Haldun Dormen
Haldun Dormen
(1966) Erol Günaydın- Erol Keskin (1967) Türkan Duru (1968) Türkan Duru (1969) Sadık Şendil (1970) Bülent Oran (1971) Sadık Şendil (1972) Hamdi Değirmencioğlu (1973) Sadık Şendil (1974) Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
(1975) Umur Bugay (1976) Vedat Türkali (1977) Umur Bugay (1978) Onat Kutlar- Ömer Kavur (1979) Başar Sabuncu (1980) Tuncel Kurtiz-Nurettin Sezer (1981) Yavuz Turgul (1982) Fehmi Yaşar (1983) Bilge Olgaç (1984) Muammer Özer (1985) Yavuz Turgul (1986) Yavuz Turgul (1987) Feride Çiçekoğlu (1989) Süheyla Acar Kalyoncu (1990) Orhan Pamuk
Orhan Pamuk
(1991) Macit Koper (1992) Yavuz Turgul (1993) Nuray Oğuz (1994) Aykut Tankuter-Artun Yeres (1995) Derviş Zaim (1996) Barış Pirhasan (1997) Turgut Yasalar (1998) Zeki Demirkubuz (1999) Fatih Altınöz (2000) Handan İpekçi (2001) Nuri Bilge Ceylan
Nuri Bilge Ceylan
(2002) Ömer Kavur-Macit Koper (2003) Uğur Yücel
Uğur Yücel
(2004) Nilüfer Güngörmüş- Reha Erdem (2005) Önder Çakar (2006) Semih Kaplanoğlu-Orçun Köksal (2007) Ben Hopkins (2008) Onur Ünlü (2009) İlksen Başarır- Mert Fırat (2010) Emre Kavuk (2011) Hüseyin Tabak (2012) Zeynep Dadak & Merve Kayan (2013) Onur Ünlü (2014) Tolga Karaçelik (2015) Ümit Köreken (2016)

v t e

Golden Boll Award for Best Actor

Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
(1969) Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
(1970) Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
(1971) Kadir İnanır
Kadir İnanır
(1972) Cüneyt Arkın
Cüneyt Arkın
(1973) Tarık Akan
Tarık Akan
(1992) Menderes Samancılar (1993) Mehmet Aslantuğ (1994) Halil Ergün (1995) Halil Ergün (1996) Haluk Bilginer
Haluk Bilginer
(1997) Kenan İmirzalıoğlu- Olgun Şimşek (2005) Turan Özdemir (2006) Cezmi Baskın
Cezmi Baskın
(2007) Teoman Kumbaracıbaşı – Murat Öncül – Ali Çelik – Murat Makçı – Murat Kılıç – Ruhi Sarı – Mustafa Kırantepe Hasan Şahintürk – Barış Yıldız – Emin Gürsoy – İnan Temelkuran – Güven İnce – Kadir Çermik – Ali Rıza Kubilay Öner Erkan – A. Mümtaz Taylan – İnan Ulaş Torun – Aykut Kayacık (2008) Nadir Sarıcabak (2009) Tansu Biçer (2010) Durukan Ordu (2011) İlyas Salman Engin Günaydın (2012) Ercan Kesal (2013)

v t e

Golden Boll Award for Best Director

Metin Erksan (1969) Bilge Olgaç (1970) Yılmaz Güney
Yılmaz Güney
(1971) Ertem Eğilmez (1972) Yılmaz Duru (1973) Yusuf Kurçenli Tunç Başaran
Tunç Başaran
(1992) Memduh Ün (1993) Erden Kıral (1994) Kadir Sözen (1995) Tunç Başaran
Tunç Başaran
(1996) Zeki Demirkubuz (1997) Uğur Yücel
Uğur Yücel
(2005) Ezel Akay
Ezel Akay
(2006) Nihat Durak (2007) İnan Temelkuran (2008) Mahmut Fazıl Coşkun (2009) Selim Demirdelen – Levent Semerci (2010) Cemil Ağacıkoğlu (2011) Pelin Esmer (2012) Reha Erdem (2013)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 9998056 LCCN: n87882211 ISNI: 0000 0001 2120 393X GND: 118698877 SUDOC: 035394870 BNF: cb134810125 (data) BIBSYS: 11075194 BNE: XX1091651 SN

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