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The IIHF Ice Hockey World Junior Championships (WJC), commonly known simply as the World Juniors, are an annual event organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) for national under-20 ice hockey teams from around the world. They are traditionally held in late December, ending in early January. The tournament usually attracts top hockey players in this age category. However, some NHL teams do not release their top players as the tournament overlaps with the NHL season. The main tournament features the top ten ranked hockey nations in the world, comprising the 'Top Division', from which a world champion is crowned. There are also three lower pools—Divisions I, II and III—that each play separate tournaments playing for the right to be promoted to a higher pool, or face relegation to a lower pool. The competition's profile is particularly high in Canada; its stature has been credited to Canada's strong performance in the tournament (it has won the gold medal seventeen times since its inception), the role of hockey in Canadian culture, along with strong media coverage and fan attendance. As such, in recent years, nearly half of the tournaments have been held in Canadian cities, with the remainder being held in Europe and the United States. Canada is the defending champion of the tournament, after having beaten Sweden to win the 2018 edition.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Punch-up in Piestany

2 Medallists 3 Participating countries 4 Player eligibility 5 Tournament awards 6 Broadcast coverage 7 See also 8 Notes 9 Further reading 10 External links

History[edit] The tournament was first held in 1977 (1974–1976 were unnoficial).[1] The tournament has been dominated by the teams from Soviet Union/CIS/Mother Russia and Canada, together accounting for 30 of the 42 overall gold medals awarded (through 2018). The USSR won the first four official tournaments, while the Canadians put together five straight championships between 1993 and 1997, and another five straight from 2005 to 2009. Canada leads the all-time gold medal count with 17 golds, while the Soviet Union/CIS/Russia have 13 golds. In the 2010s, the competition has become more level with the United States winning three gold medals and Canada and Finland winning two golds. Russia and Sweden also remained competitive winning one gold each. When it began, the World Junior Championship was a relatively obscure tournament. It has since grown in prestige, particularly in Canada, where the tournament ranks as one of the most important events on the sports calendar and during the holiday season. Globe and Mail writer Bruce Dowbiggin credits TSN, along with Canada's strong performance at the tournament, for turning it from an obscure non-event when it acquired the rights in 1991 (which, however, also began growing in prominence due to the Punch-up in Piestany) to one of Canada's most beloved annual sports events, and at the same time cementing the link between Canadian nationalism and hockey, and inspiring the NHL's Winter Classic[2][3] Based on increasing attendances for countries repeatedly hosting the event[citation needed], the popularity of the tournament seems to be growing in other nations as well. At editions of the tournament held in the country, games involving Team Canada consistently sell out NHL arenas, offering large profit guarantees to Hockey Canada and the IIHF.[4] In the 21st Century, Canada has and will continue to host the tournament every second or third year due to the significantly greater following the tournament has in Canada compared to other participating countries. Originally, Switzerland was selected to host the WJHC in 2010, but withdrew.[5] Buffalo, New York, USA hosted the tournament in 2011 and 2018; in both cases, proximity to Canada's population core in Southern Ontario was a key factor in the city winning the bidding rights.[6] The tournament offers one of the most prestigious stages for young hockey players, able to significantly boost a player's value for upcoming NHL Entry Drafts.[3] Punch-up in Piestany[edit] Main article: Punch-up in Piestany One of the most infamous incidents in WJC history occurred in 1987 in Piestany, Czechoslovakia (today's Slovakia), where a bench-clearing brawl occurred between Canada and the Soviet Union. It began when the Soviet Union's Pavel Kostichkin took a two-handed slash at Canadian player Theoren Fleury. The Soviet Union's Evgeny Davydov then came off the bench, eventually leading to both benches emptying. The officials, unable to break up the fight, left the ice and eventually tried shutting off the arena lights, but the brawl lasted for 20 minutes before the IIHF declared the game null and void. A 35-minute emergency meeting was held, resulting in the delegates voting 7–1 (the sole dissenter was Canadian Dennis McDonald) to eject both teams from the tournament. The Canadian team chose to leave rather than stay for the end-of-tournament dinner, from which the Soviet team was banned. While the Soviets were out of medal contention, Canada was playing for the gold medal and was leading 4–2 at the time of the brawl. The gold medal ultimately went to Finland, hosts Czechoslovakia took the silver and Sweden, who had previously been eliminated from medal contention, was awarded the bronze.[7] Medallists[edit] Main article: List of IIHF World Under-20 Championship medalists

Recent results and upcoming tournaments

(#) Number of tournaments won at the time.

Year 01 ! Gold 02 ! Silver 03 ! Bronze Host city (cities) Host country

2010 United States 02 ! United States (2) Canada 07 ! Canada (7) Sweden 05 ! Sweden (5) Saskatoon and Regina  Canada

2011 Russia/Soviet Union 04 ! Russia (4/13) Canada 08 ! Canada (8) United States 04 ! United States (4) Buffalo and Lewiston[8]  United States

2012 Sweden 02 ! Sweden (2) Russia/Soviet Union 07 ! Russia (7/10) Canada 05 ! Canada (5) Calgary and Edmonton  Canada

2013 United States 03 ! United States (3) Sweden 09 ! Sweden (9) Russia/Soviet Union 06 ! Russia (6/8) Ufa  Russia

2014 Finland 03 ! Finland (3) Sweden 10 ! Sweden (10) Russia/Soviet Union 07 ! Russia (7/9) Malmö  Sweden

2015 Canada 16 ! Canada (16) Russia/Soviet Union 08 ! Russia (8/11) Slovakia 02 ! Slovakia (2) Toronto and Montreal  Canada

2016 Finland 04 ! Finland (4) Russia/Soviet Union 09 ! Russia (9/12) United States 05 ! United States (5) Helsinki  Finland

2017 United States 04 ! United States (4) Canada 09 ! Canada (9) Russia/Soviet Union 08 ! Russia (8/10) Montreal and Toronto  Canada

2018 Canada 17 ! Canada (17) Sweden 11 ! Sweden (11) United States 06 ! United States (6) Buffalo and Orchard Park[9]  United States

2019

Vancouver and Victoria  Canada

2020

 Czech Republic

2021

 Canada

Participating countries[edit] Sweden, Finland and Canada have participated in all 40 IIHF World Junior Hockey Championships as well as the three unofficial World Junior Hockey Championships. USSR/CIS/Russia (when the Soviet Union broke up, Russia remained in Pool A, while all other Soviet republics were relegated) and Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic have also participated in all IIHF World Junior Hockey Championships, and the United States have participated in all except one (1976). When Czechoslovakia peacefully split in 1993, the Czech Republic remained in Pool A but Slovakia (Slovak Republic) was placed in Pool C (now Division II). Slovakia was promoted to the top division for the 1996 Championships and has remained there since. Starting with the 1996 tournament, competition was increased from an 8-team round robin to the current 10-team format. Since then, Switzerland has become a regular participant. Germany has been a frequent participant in the top pool, having played there roughly half the time in the past decade. Latvia, Belarus, and Kazakhstan have also each made a number of top division appearances since the early 1990s. Less frequent top pool appearances have been made by Austria, Denmark, France, Japan, Norway, Poland and Ukraine. For the 2019 championships to be held in Vancouver and Victoria, the participating teams will be Canada, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Kazakhstan, Russia, Switzerland, Slovakia, Sweden, and the United States. Player eligibility[edit] A player is eligible to play in the World Junior Ice Hockey Championships if:[10]

the player is of the male gender; the player has his 20th birthday in the year of the tournament's ending (i.e. born in 1994 for 2014 tournament), and at latest, the fifth year after the tournament's ending (i.e. born in 1999 for 2014 tournament); the player is a citizen in the country he represents; the player is under the jurisdiction of a national association that is a member of the IIHF.

If a player who has never played in IIHF-organized competition wishes to switch national eligibility, he must have played in competitions for two consecutive years in the new country without playing in another country, as well as show his move to the new country's national association with an international transfer card. In case the player has previously played in IIHF-organized competition but wishes to switch national eligibility, he must have played in competitions for four consecutive years in the new country without playing in another country, he must show his move to the new country's national association with an international transfer card, as well as be a citizen of the new country. A player may only switch national eligibility once.[11] Tournament awards[edit] At the conclusion of each tournament, the Directorate of the IIHF presents awards to the Top Goalie, Forward and Defenceman of the tournament. The media attending the event select an All-Star team separately from this. Main article: List of IIHF World Under 20 Championship Directorate award winners Main article: List of IIHF World Under 20 Championship Media All-Star Teams Broadcast coverage[edit] The following television networks and websites broadcast World Junior Championship games on television or online.

Country Broadcaster(s)

Canada TSN RDS

Czech Republic ČT

Europe Eurosport

Finland Yle, MTV3 (2009-2015)

Russia Match TV

Slovakia RTVS

Sweden SVT TV4/TV12 Viasat

United States NHL Network

TSN (Canada) is the IIHF's main broadcast partner for this tournament. TSN.ca carries all Canada, select preliminary round, and all medal round games live, as well as most games on demand after their completion.[12] Starting with the 2013 tournament, TSN.ca online coverage - both Live and On-Demand - is behind a paywall and only available from Canadian I.P. addresses.[13] Norway is currently a 'blackout' zone. Neither Eurosport or Viasat carry the tournament. See also[edit]

Ice Hockey World Championships IIHF World U18 Championship IIHF World Ranking World Junior A Challenge World U-17 hockey challenge 2007 Super Series

Notes[edit]

^ "All Medallists - U20". History. International Ice Hockey Federation. Retrieved 2009-01-07.  ^ "TSN turned World Junior molehill into mountain". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 21 December 2014.  ^ a b Dowbiggin, Bruce. "Credit TSN for elevating world juniors to must-see TV". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 6 January 2015.  ^ "Ottawa to host 2009 world junior tourney". tsn.ca. The Canadian Press. 2006-05-03. Archived from the original on 2007-12-28. Retrieved 2009-01-07.  ^ "Toronto, Regina-Saskatoon formally bid to stage World Juniors". tsn.ca. 10 June 2008. Retrieved 2010-01-05.  ^ "Buffalo to host 2011 world hockey juniors". CBC Sports. Associated Press. 2008-10-27. Retrieved 2009-01-07.  ^ "Punch-up in Piestany". CBC Digital Archives. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 1987-01-04. Retrieved 2009-01-07.  ^ [1] ^ https://www.tsn.ca/sources-outdoor-game-planned-for-2018-world-juniors-in-buffalo-1.403558 ^ "IIHF statutes and bylaws" (PDF). IIHF. Retrieved 2014-01-01.  ^ "IIHF Eligibility". IIHF. Retrieved 2014-01-01.  ^ "IIHF World Under 20 Championship 2011 Television Coverage". iihf.com. 5 January 2011. Retrieved 2010-01-05.  ^ https://www.tsn.ca/world_jrs/story/?id=411089

General references

"International Ice Hockey Federation". Retrieved 2009-01-07.  "Mens National Junior U-20 Team". Hockey Canada. Retrieved 2009-01-07.  "World Juniors". tsn.ca. Retrieved 2009-01-07.  Müller, Stephan (2005). International ice hockey encyclopaedia 1904 – 2005. Norderstedt: Books on Demand. ISBN 978-3-8334-4189-9. OCLC 180899737.  Also OCLC 124052660.

Further reading[edit]

Gibson, Kevin (2003), The Official Book of Team Canada from Eh to Zed: The World Junior Championships, Trafford, ISBN 1-4120-0162-5 

External links[edit] Media related to IIHF World U20 Championship at Wikimedia Commons

IIHF World U20 all-time leading scorers at quanthockey.com www.worldjuniors2008.com - 2008 IIHF World U20 Championship - Pardubice, Liberec, Czech republic Result archive - Full results for men's, women's and junior championships since 1999 and medalists for all tournaments. Complete archive of all IIHF tournaments in French at passionhockey.com.

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IIHF World U20 Championships

Current champions (2018):  Canada

2019 Championship teams

 Canada  Czech Republic  Denmark  Finland  Kazakhstan  Russia  Slovakia  Sweden  Switzerland  United States

Championships

Soviet Union 1974 Canada 1975 Finland 1976 Czechoslovakia 1977 Canada 1978 Sweden 1979 Finland 1980 West Germany 1981 United States 1982 Soviet Union 1983 Sweden 1984 Finland 1985 Canada 1986 Czechoslovakia 1987 Soviet Union 1988 United States 1989 Finland 1990 Canada 1991 Germany 1992 Sweden 1993 Czech Republic 1994 Canada 1995 United States 1996 Switzerland 1997 Finland 1998 Canada 1999 Sweden 2000 Russia 2001 Czech Republic 2002 Canada 2003 Finland 2004 United States 2005 Canada 2006 Sweden 2007 Czech Republic 2008 Canada 2009 Canada 2010 United States 2011 Canada 2012 Russia 2013 Sweden 2014 Canada 2015 Finland 2016 Canada 2017 United States 2018 Canada 2019 Czech Republic 2020 Canada 2021

Finals

1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Rosters

1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

Division I

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

Division II

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

Division III

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

Medalists Directorate award winners Media All-Star Teams Players for Canada Punch-up in Piestany Team Canada New Year's Eve Game

v t e

International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF)

World Championships

Ice Hockey World Championships

U20 U18

World Women's Championships

U18

Inline Hockey World Championship

Other competitions

Current

Olympic Games Champions Hockey League Continental Cup Challenge Cup of Asia Pan American Tournament

Former

European Trophy Champions Hockey League (2008–09) Victoria Cup European Champions Cup European Cup Super Cup European Championships European Women Championships European Junior Championships European Women's Champions Cup Asian Oceanic U18 Championships World Women's Challenge

Related articles

Centennial All-Star Team Hall of Fame World Ranking (Past) Members Teams Triple Gold Club

Category:International Ice Hockey Federation

v t e

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