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The World Federation of Democratic Youth
World Federation of Democratic Youth
(WFDY) is an international youth organization, recognized by the United Nations
United Nations
as an international youth non-governmental organization, and has historically characterized itself as anti-imperialist and left-wing. WFDY was founded in London
London
in 1945 as a broad international youth movement, organized in the context of the end of World War II
World War II
with the aim of uniting youth from the Allies behind an anti-fascist platform that was broadly pro-peace, anti-nuclear war, expressing friendship between youth of the capitalist and socialist nations. The WFDY Headquarters are in Budapest, Hungary. The main event of WFDY is the World Festival of Youth and Students. The last festival was held in Sochi, Russia, in October 2017. It was one of the first organizations granted general consultative status with the United Nations
United Nations
Economic and Social Council.

Contents

1 History 2 Pledge 3 General Assembly 4 Member organizations

4.1 Africa 4.2 Asia and the Pacific 4.3 Europe and North America 4.4 Latin America and Caribbean 4.5 Middle East 4.6 Former members 4.7 Observers

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] On 10 November 1945, the World Youth Conference, organized in London, founded the World Federation of Democratic Youth. This historic conference was convened at the initiative of the World Youth Council which was formed during World War II
World War II
to encourage the fight against fascism by the youth of the allied nations. The conference brought together, for the first time in the history of the international youth movement, representatives of more than 30,000,000 young people of diverse different political ideologies and religious beliefs from 63 nations. It adopted a pledge for peace. Shortly after, with the onset of the Cold War and Winston Churchill's Iron Curtain
Iron Curtain
speech, the organization was accused by the US State Department of being a "Moscow front". Many of the founding organizations quit, leaving mostly youth from socialist nations, national liberation movements, and communist youth.[1] Like the International Union of Students (IUS) and other pro-Soviet organizations, the WFDY became a target and victim of CIA
CIA
espionage as well as part of active measures conducted by the Soviet state security.[2][3][4][5] The WFYD's first General Secretary, Alexander Shelepin, was a former leader of the Young Communist International
Communist International
which had been dissolved in 1943. Shelepin had been a guerilla fighter during World War II (after his work with the WFDY, he was appointed head of Soviet State Security).[2] Both the WFDY and IUS vocally criticized the Marshall Plan, supported the Czechoslovak coup d'état of 1948
Czechoslovak coup d'état of 1948
and the new People's Democracies in Europe. They opposed the Korean War.[2] The main event of the WFDY became the World Festival of Youth and Students, a massive political and cultural celebration for peace and friendship between the youth of the world. Most, but not all, of the early festivals were held in socialist nations in Europe. During the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s the WFDY's festivals were one of the few places where young people from the so-called "Free World" could meet youth struggling against apartheid from South Africa, or militant youth from Vietnam, Palestine, Cuba
Cuba
and other nations. Famous people who participated in festivals included Angela Davis, Yuri Gagarin, Yasser Arafat, Fidel Castro, Ruth First, Jan Myrdal
Jan Myrdal
and Nelson Mandela When the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
and the Eastern Bloc
Eastern Bloc
collapsed, the WFDY entered a crisis. With the power vacuum left by the collapse of the most important member organization, the Soviet Komsomol, there were conflicting views of the future character of the organization. Some wanted a more apolitical structure, whereas others were more inclined to an openly leftist federation. The WFDY, however, survived this crisis, and is today an active international youth organization that holds regular activities.

Pledge[edit] Guy de Boisson, President of the World Federation of Democratic Youth, speaks at the opening of the 2nd World Festival of Youth and Students (Budapest, 1949). .mw-parser-output .templatequote overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px .mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0 We pledge that we shall remember this unity, forged in this month, November 1945 Not only today, not only this week, this year, but always Until we have built the world we have dreamed of and fought for We pledge ourselves to build the unity of youth of the world All races, all colors, all nationalities, all beliefs To eliminate all traces of fascism from the earth To build a deep and sincere international friendship among the peoples of the world To keep a just lasting peace To eliminate want, frustration and enforced idleness

We have come to confirm the unity of all youth salute our comrades who have died-and pledge our word that skilful hands, keen brains and young enthusiasm shall never more be wasted in war— Pledge of the World Federation of Democratic Youth

General Assembly[edit] Every 4 years WFDY holds a General Assembly. The last Assembly took place in Havana in 2015. During the Assembly WFDY elects its Headquarters and General Council but also a Political Declaration is approved.

Member organizations[edit] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Africa[edit]

Country

Name

Notes

Ref

 Angola

Juventude do Movimento Popular da Libertação de Angola

Youth wing of MPLA

[6]

 Congo, Dem. Rep.

PPRD Youth League

Youth wing of the People's Party for Reconstruction and Democracy

 Eritrea

National Union of Eritrean Youth and Students

[6]

 Ethiopia

Ethiopian Youth League

[6]

 Ghana

Democratic Youth League of Ghana

African Youth Command

 Mozambique

Mozambican Youth Organisation

Youth wing of FRELIMO

[6]

 Namibia

SWAPO
SWAPO
Party Youth League

Youth wing of SWAPO

 Senegal

Mouvement de la Jeunesse Démocratique

Youth wing of the Democratic League/Movement for the Labour Party

UJDAN

Youth wing of the Party of Independence and Labour

 South Africa

African National Congress
African National Congress
Youth League

Youth wing of the African National Congress

[6]

South African Students Congress

Young Communist League of South Africa

Youth wing of the South African Communist Party

 Sudan

Sudanese Youth Union

Youth wing of the Sudanese Communist Party

 Tanzania

Umoja Wa Vijana

Youth wing of Chama Cha Mapinduzi

[6]

 Senegal

Democratic Youth Union Alboury Ndiaye

Youth wing of the Party of Independence and Work

 Western Sahara

Saharawi Youth Union

Youth wing of the Polisario Front

[6]

 Zambia

United National Independence Party
United National Independence Party
Youth League

Youth wing of the United National Independence Party

 Zimbabwe

ZANU-PF
ZANU-PF
Youth League

Youth wing of ZANU-PF

[6]

Asia and the Pacific[edit]

Country

Name

Notes

Ref

 Australia

Resistance: Young Socialist Alliance

Youth wing of the Socialist Alliance

 Bangladesh

Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Students Union

Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Youth Union

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Bangladesh

[6]

 Bhutan

Democratic Youth of Bhutan

Youth wing of the Bhutan
Bhutan
National Democratic Party

Students Union of Bhutan

 India

All India
India
Students Federation

Student wing of the Communist Party of India

All India
India
Youth Federation

Youth wing of the Communist Party of India

[6]

Students Federation of India

Student wing of the Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist)

Democratic Youth Federation of India

Youth Wing of the Communist Party of India
India
(Marxist)

All India
India
Youth League

Youth wing of the All India
India
Forward Bloc

 Iran

Tudeh Youth

Youth wing of the Tudeh Party of Iran

 Japan

Democratic Youth League of Japan

Youth wing of the Japanese Communist Party

Japan
Japan
League of Socialist Youth

[6]

Korean Youth League in Japan

Youth wing of Chongryon

 Korea, DPR

Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League

Youth wing of the Workers' Party of Korea

[6]

 Korea, Rep.

7th-term Hanchongryun

 Laos

Lao People's Revolutionary Youth Union

Youth wing of the Lao People's Revolutionary Party

 Myanmar

All Burma Students' Democratic Front

All Burma Students League

   Nepal

All Nepal
Nepal
National Free Students Union

Student wing of the Communist Party of Nepal
Nepal
(Unified Marxist–Leninist)

Youth Federation Nepal

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Nepal
Nepal
(Unified Marxist–Leninist)

[6]

Nepal
Nepal
National Federation of Students

Student wing of the Nepal
Nepal
Communist Party (United)

Nepal
Nepal
National Youth Federation

Youth wing of the Nepal
Nepal
Communist Party (United)

 Pakistan

Democratic Students Federation

Student wing of the Communist Party of Pakistan

Pashtoonkhwa Students Organization

 Philippines

ANAKBAYAN

 Sri Lanka

Communist Youth Federation

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
National Union Of Students

Student wing of the Communist Party of Sri Lanka

Federation of All Lanka(Ceylon) Youth League

Youth wing of Mahajana Eksath Peramuna

Socialist Students Union

Student wing of Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna

[6]

Socialist Youth Union

Youth wing of Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna

 Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Vietnam

[6]

Vietnam
Vietnam
Youth Federation

Europe and North America[edit]

Country

Name

Notes

Ref

 Armenia

Young Communist League Armenia

Youth wing of the Armenian Communist Party

 Azerbaijan

Young Communist League Azerbaijan

Youth wing of the Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
Communist Party

 Austria

Communist Youth of Austria

 Belgium

COMAC

Youth wing of the Workers' Party of Belgium

 Bulgaria

Bulgarian Socialist Youth Union

 Canada

Young Communist League of Canada

Affiliated with the Communist Party of Canada

 Catalonia

Communist Youth of Catalonia

Youth wing of the Communists of Catalonia

 Czech Republic

Communist Youth Union

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia

[6]

 Cyprus

United Democratic Youth Organisation

Youth wing of the Progressive Party of Working People

[6]

 Denmark

Ungkommunisterne

Shared youth organization of the Communist Party in Denmark
Denmark
and the Communist Party of Denmark

 Finland

Communist Youth League

 France

Mouvement Jeunes Communistes de France

 Georgia

Young Communist League of Georgia

 Germany

Free German Youth

Socialist German Workers Youth

Youth wing of the German Communist Party

[6]

 Greece

Communist Youth of Greece

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Greece

[6]

 Hungary

Baloldali Front

Youth wing of the Hungarian Workers' Party

 Ireland

Connolly Youth Movement

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Ireland

Workers Party Youth

Youth wing of the Workers' Party of Ireland

 Italy

Italian Young Communist Federation

Youth wing of the Italian Communist Party; known as Youth Federation of Italian Communists until 2016

Front of the Communist Youth

Youth wing of the Communist Party

Giovani Comuniste e Comunisti

Youth wing of the Communist Refoundation Party

 Republic of Moldova

Young Communist League of the Republic of Moldova

Youth wing of the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova

 Norway

Young Communists in Norway

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Norway

Young Communist League of Norway

 Portugal

Portuguese Communist Youth

Youth wing of the Portuguese Communist Party

[6]

 Russia

Leninist Young Communist League of the Russian Federation

Youth wing of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation

Revolutionary Communist Youth League (Bolshevik)

Youth wing of the Russian Communist Workers' Party of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Russian Communist Youth League

 Serbia

Young Communist League of Yugoslavia

Youth wing of the New Communist Party of Yugoslavia

 Slovakia

Socialistický Zväz Mladých

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Slovakia

 Spain

Collectives of Communist Youth

Youth wing of the Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain

Communist Youth Union
Communist Youth Union
of Spain

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Spain

[6]

 Sweden

Communist Youth of Sweden

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Sweden

 Turkey

Communist Youth of Turkey

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Turkey

[6]

 Ukraine

Komsomol
Komsomol
of Ukraine

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Ukraine

 United Kingdom

Young Communist League

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Britain

Young Socialists

Youth wing of the Communist League

 United States

Young Communist League USA

Youth wing of the Communist Party USA

[6]

Young Socialists

Youth wing of the Socialist Workers Party

Latin America and Caribbean[edit]

Country

Name

Notes

Ref

 Argentina

Federación Juvenil Comunista

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Argentina

[6]

 Barbados

League of Progressive Youth

 Bolivia

Juventud Comunista de Bolivia

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Bolivia

 Brazil

Juventude Revolucionaria 8 de Outubro

Youth wing of the MR-8

Juventude do PDT

Youth wing of the Democratic Labour Party

Juventude do PMDB

Youth wing of the Party of the Brazilian Democratic Movement

Juventude Comunista Avançando

Youth wing of the Polo Comunista Luiz Carlos Prestes

União da Juventude Comunista

Youth wing of the Brazilian Communist Party

[6]

União da Juventude Socialista

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Brazil

[6]

Juventude Socialista Brasileira

Youth wing of the Brazilian Socialist Party

 Chile

Juventudes Comunistas de Chile

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Chile

[6]

 Colombia

Juventud Comunista de Colombia

Youth wing of the Colombian Communist Party

[6]

 Cuba

Unión de Jóvenes Comunistas

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Cuba

[6]

 Ecuador

Federación Estudiantes Universitarios

Juventud Socialista Ecuatoriana

Youth wing of the Socialist Party
Socialist Party
of Ecuador

 El Salvador

Juventud del Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional

Youth wing of the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front

 Grenada

Maurice Bishop Youth Movement

 Guatemala

Juventud URNG

Youth wing of the URNG

 Guyana

Guyana
Guyana
Youth and Students Movement

Walter Rodney Youth Movement

 Mexico

Juventud Popular Socialista

Youth wing of the Popular Socialist Party

[6]

 Nicaragua

Juventud Sandinista 19 de Julio

Youth wing of the Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional

 Paraguay

Casa de la Juventud del Paraguay

 Peru

Juventud Comunista Peruana

Youth wing of the Peruvian Communist Party

 Uruguay

Juventud del Movimiento 26 de Marzo

Youth wing of the 26 March Movement

 Venezuela

Juventud Comunista de Venezuela

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Venezuela

[6]

United Socialist Party
Socialist Party
of Venezuela
Venezuela
Youth

Youth wing of the United Socialist Party
Socialist Party
of Venezuela

Middle East[edit]

Country

Name

Notes

Ref

 Algeria

Union de la Jeunesse Algérienne

Youth wing of the FLN

National Union of Algerian Students

Students of the FLN

 Egypt

Union of Progressive Youth of Egypt

Youth wing of the Progressive National Unionist Party

[6]

 Iraq

Iraqi Democratic Youth Federation

Youth wing of the Iraqi Communist Party

[6]

General Union of Students in Iraqi Republic

 Israel

Young Communist League of Israel

Youth wing of the Communist Party of Israel

[6]

 Lebanon

Union of Lebanese Democratic Youth

Youth wing of the Lebanese Communist Party

[6]

 Libya

National Youth Organization of Libya

 Bahrain

Shabeeba Society of Bahrain

Youth wing of the Progressive Democratic Tribune

[6]

 Morocco

Istiqlal Party
Istiqlal Party
Youth

Youth wing of the Istiqlal Party

USFP Jeunesse Ittihadiya

Youth wing of the Socialist Union of Popular Forces

Jeunesse Socialiste

Youth wing of the Party of Progress and Socialism

 Palestine

General Union of Palestine Students

[6]

Palestinian Democratic Youth Union

Youth wing of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine

[6]

 Syria

Union of Democratic Youth of Syria-Khaled Baghdash

Youth wing of the Syrian Communist Party

[6]

Syrian Democratic Youth Union

Youth wing of the Syrian Unified Communist Party

Revolutionary Youth Union

Youth wing of the Ba'ath Party

 Kuwait

Democratic Youth Forum

Youth wing of the KPM

Former members[edit]   Afghanistan
Afghanistan
- Democratic Youth Organization of Afghanistan   Argentina
Argentina
- Juventud Intrasigente Argentina   Argentina
Argentina
- Juventud Socialista Auténtica   Australia
Australia
- Eureka Youth League   Belgium
Belgium
- Graffiti Jeugendsdienst   Belgium
Belgium
- Jeunesse Communiste de Belgique   Bolivia
Bolivia
- Confederación Universitaria Boliviana   Brazil
Brazil
- Juventude do PCB   Bulgaria
Bulgaria
- Dimitrov Komsomol  Byelorussian SSR - Leninist Communist Youth Union
Communist Youth Union
of Belarus   Catalonia
Catalonia
- Col·lectius de Joves Comunistes - Joventut Comunista (Youth of Partit dels i les Comunistes de Catalunya)   Cambodia
Cambodia
- People's Revolutionary Youth Union of Kampuchea   Chile
Chile
- Juventud de la Izquierda Cristiana de Chile   Chile
Chile
- Juventud del MIR   Chile
Chile
- Juventud Rebelde Miguel Enríquez   Chile
Chile
- Unión de Jóvenes Socialistas   China
China
- Communist Youth League of China   China
China
- All- China
China
Youth Federation   Colombia
Colombia
- Federación Juvenil Obrera   Colombia
Colombia
- Juventud de la Alianza Nacional Popular   Colombia
Colombia
- Juventud del Poder Popular   Colombia
Colombia
- Unión Nacional de los Estudiantes Secundarios   Colombia
Colombia
- Unión de Jóvenes Patriotas  Congo - Union de la jeunesse congolaise, Republic of Congo   Costa Rica
Costa Rica
- Juventud del Pueblo Costarriquense   Costa Rica
Costa Rica
- Juventudes Patrióticas   Costa Rica
Costa Rica
- Juventud Vanguardista Costarriquense   Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia
- Svaz Mládeže, Czechoslovakia   Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
- Juventud Revolucionaria Dominicana   Dominican Republic
Dominican Republic
- Unión Democrática Orlando Martínez   Ecuador
Ecuador
- Departamento Juvenil del Central de Trabajadores de Ecuador   Ecuador
Ecuador
- Juventud Comunista de Ecuador   El Salvador
El Salvador
- Asociación General de Estudiantes Universitarios de El Salvador   Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
- Færøske Socialister   Finland
Finland
- Democratic Youth League of Finland   Finland
Finland
- Finnish Union of Democratic Pioneers   Germany
Germany
- Socialist Youth League Karl Liebknecht  East Germany
Germany
- Free German Youth   Greece
Greece
- Greek Communist Youth (Internal)   Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
- Union de la Jeunesse Communiste Guadeloupe   France
France
- Union nationale des étudiants de france-Solidarité Etudiante   Guatemala
Guatemala
- Juventud Patriótica del Trabajo   Guyana
Guyana
- Young Socialist Movement   Haiti
Haiti
- Jeunesse Communiste de Haiti   Honduras
Honduras
- Federación de la Juventud Comunista   Iceland
Iceland
- Revolutionary Communist Youth League   Indonesia
Indonesia
- People's Youth (Indonesia)   Italy
Italy
- Italian Communist Youth Federation   Jamaica
Jamaica
- Young Communist League of the Workers' Party (Workers Party of Jamaica)   Luxembourg
Luxembourg
- Jeunesse Communiste Luxembourgoise   Martinique
Martinique
- Union de la Jeunesse Communiste Martinique   Mexico
Mexico
- Frente Juvenil Revolucionario   Mexico
Mexico
- Juventud Socialista de los Trabajadores   Mongolia
Mongolia
- Revolutionary Youth League (REVSOMOL)   Netherlands
Netherlands
- Algemeen Nederlands Jeugd Verbond   Hungary
Hungary
- Kommunista Ifjúsági Szövetség   Panama
Panama
- Juventud del PRD   Panama
Panama
- Juventud Popular Revolucionaria   Paraguay
Paraguay
- Federación Juvenil Comunista de Paraguay   Peru
Peru
- CGTP Sección Juvenil   Peru
Peru
- Juventud Aprista Peruana   Peru
Peru
- Juventud Mariateguista   Poland
Poland
- Związek Socjalistycznej Młodzieży Polskiej   Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
- Federación Universitaria para la Indpendencia   Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
- Juventud Comunista de Puerto Rico   Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
- Juventud Socialista de Puerto Rico   San Marino
San Marino
- Federazione Giovanile Comunista San Marino   Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
- Congress of Sama Samaja Youth Leagues   Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
- Federation of Communist and Progressive Youth   Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
- Vanguard Youth Organization  Surinam - National Youth Movement   Sweden
Sweden
- Ung Vänster
Ung Vänster
(1975–1992)    Switzerland
Switzerland
- Jeunesse Communiste Suisse   Tunisia
Tunisia
- Destourian Youth   Turkey
Turkey
- İlerici Gençler Derneği   United States
United States
- Young Socialist Alliance   Uruguay
Uruguay
- Juventud Socialista del Uruguay   Soviet Union
Soviet Union
- Committee of Youth Organizations of the USSR   Soviet Union
Soviet Union
- All-Union Leninist Young Communist League (Komsomol)   Venezuela
Venezuela
- Juventud Socialista-MEP Observers[edit] Youth for Communist Rebirth In France
France
(Youth of the Pole of Communist Rebirth in France) Communist Youth Movement (Youth of the New Communist Party of the Netherlands) Communist Youth of Luxemburg (Refounded youth organisation of the Communist Party of Luxembourg), Luxembourg Revolutionary Communist Youth (Youth organization of the Communist Party), Sweden See also[edit] Active measures Christian Peace Conference International Association of Democratic Lawyers International Federation of Resistance
Resistance
Fighters – Association of Anti-Fascists International Organization of Journalists International Union of Students Women's International Democratic Federation World Federation of Scientific Workers World Federation of Trade Unions World Peace Council References[edit]

^ Richard Felix Staar, Foreign policies of the Soviet Union, Hoover Press, 1991, .mw-parser-output cite.citation font-style:inherit .mw-parser-output .citation q quotes:"""""""'""'" .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration color:#555 .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center .mw-parser-output code.cs1-code color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error display:none;font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error font-size:100% .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em .mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format font-size:95% .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left padding-left:0.2em .mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right padding-right:0.2em ISBN 0-8179-9102-6, p.84

^ a b c The cultural Cold War in Western Europe, 1945-1960. Giles Scott-Smith, Hans Krabbendam. p. 169

^ A century of spies: intelligence in the twentieth century. Jeffrey T. Richelson. p. 252

^ Soviet foreign policy in a changing world, Volume 1986. Robbin Frederick Laird, Erik P. Hoffmann. p. 211

^ Europe since 1945: an encyclopedia, Volume 1. Bernard A. Cook. p. 212

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am "Members". wfdy.org. Archived from the original on 11 November 2016.

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Key topics and issues Anarchist economics Anti-revisionism Criticism of capitalism Criticism of socialism Class struggle Democracy Dictatorship of the proletariat Egalitarianism Equality of outcome History of socialism Impossibilism "The Internationale" Internationalism State-owned enterprise Land reform Left-wing politics Mixed economy Mode of production Nanosocialism Nationalization Planned economy Post-capitalism Proletarian revolution Reformism Revisionism Socialisation of production Socialist economics Socialist market economy Socialist state State capitalism Trade union Welfare state Concepts Adhocracy Anarchist economics Basic income Calculation in kind Commune Common ownership Cooperative
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ownership Decentralized planning Direct democracy Economic democracy Economic planning Equal opportunity Free association Industrial democracy Labor-time calculation Labour voucher Production for use Public ownership Social dividend Socialist mode of production Technocracy Workers' self-management Workplace democracy People16th c. Thomas More Tommaso Campanella 18th c. Gracchus Babeuf Victor d'Hupay Gabriel Bonnot de Mably Sylvain Maréchal Étienne-Gabriel Morelly 19th c. Mikhail Bakunin John Goodwyn Barmby Enrico Barone August Bebel Edward Bellamy Eduard Bernstein Louis Blanc Louis Auguste Blanqui Philippe Buchez Georg Büchner Philippe Buonarroti Étienne Cabet Edward Carpenter Nikolay Chernyshevsky James Connolly Victor Prosper Considerant Claire Démar Théodore Dézamy W. E. B. Du Bois Prosper Enfantin Friedrich Engels Charles Fourier Emma Goldman Charles Hall Alexander Herzen Jean Jaurès Mary Harris Jones Karl Kautsky Peter Kropotkin Paul Lafargue Albert Laponneraye Ferdinand Lassalle Pyotr Lavrov Alexandre Ledru-Rollin Pierre Leroux Helen Macfarlane Errico Malatesta Karl Marx Louise Michel Nikolay Mikhaylovsky William Morris Robert Owen Antonie Pannekoek Giovanni Pascoli Constantin Pecqueur Georgi Plekhanov Pierre-Joseph Proudhon Luis Emilio Recabarren Henri de Saint-Simon Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin George Sand Friedrich Wilhelm Schulz Eugène Sue Lysander Spooner Fred M. Taylor William Thompson Pyotr Tkachev Benjamin Tucker Suzanne Voilquin Alfred Russel Wallace Wilhelm Weitling Oscar Wilde 20th c. Tariq Ali Salvador Allende Louis Aragon Clement Attlee Henri Barbusse Zygmunt Bauman Simone de Beauvoir Walter Benjamin Tony Benn Léon Blum Grace Lee Boggs Murray Bookchin Bertolt Brecht Aristide Briand Nikolai Bukharin Cornelius Castoriadis Hugo Chávez Noam Chomsky G. D. H. Cole Jeremy Corbyn Bob Crow Guy Debord Eugene V. Debs John Dewey Alexander Dubček Albert Einstein Einar Gerhardsen Mikhail Gorbachev Maxim Gorky Antonio Gramsci Chris Hedges Eric Hobsbawm Dolores Ibárruri Pablo Iglesias Posse Elfriede Jelinek Martin Luther King Jr. Alexandra Kollontai Jack Layton Henri Lefebvre Claude Lefort Vladimir Lenin Ken Livingstone György Lukács Rosa Luxemburg Nestor Makhno Nelson Mandela Mao Dun Vladimir Mayakovsky Maurice Merleau-Ponty China
China
Miéville François Mitterrand Evo Morales Imre Nagy Gamal Abdel Nasser Otto Neurath Paul Nizan Abdullah Öcalan Seán O'Casey George Orwell Sylvia Pankhurst Fred Paterson Pier Paolo Pasolini Karl Polanyi Bertrand Russell Gaetano Salvemini Bernie Sanders Jean-Paul Sartre Arthur Scargill Léopold Sédar Senghor George Bernard Shaw R. H. Tawney E. P. Thompson Ernst Toller Leon Trotsky Yanis Varoufakis H. G. Wells Cornel West Richard D. Wolff Clara Zetkin Howard Zinn Slavoj Žižek Organizations Communist International Fifth International Foro de São Paulo Fourth International International League of Religious Socialists International Marxist Tendency International Workingmen's Association Second International Socialist International World Federation of Democratic Youth World Socialist Movement See also Anarchism Capitalism People's Communism Liberalism New Left Old Left Social democracy

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