Wooler (/ˈwʊlər/ WUUL-ər) is a small town in Northumberland,
England. It lies on the edge of the
Northumberland National Park, near
the Cheviot Hills. It is a popular base for walkers and is referred to
as the "Gateway to the Cheviots". As well as many shops and pubs, the
town has a youth hostel, many hotels, and campsites. It lies on the
St. Cuthbert's Way long-distance footpath between
Melrose Abbey and
The main A697 links the town with Morpeth and
Coldstream on the
Wooler has two schools;
Wooler First School
(including Little Acorns Nursery) and Glendale Community Middle
School. The schools and nursery share a single campus on Brewery Road
(from September 2015) providing education for children in the Glendale
area from 2 years old to 13 years old.
Close by is Yeavering Bell, crowned by a large iron-age fort, a
stronghold of the Votadini.
2 Meaning of place-name
5 External links
Wooler was not recorded in the Domesday Book, because when the book
was written in 1086, northern
Northumbria was not under Norman
control. However, by 1107, at the time of the creation of the 1st
Baron of Wooler, the settlement was described as "situated in an
ill-cultivated country under the influence of vast mountains, from
whence it is subject to impetuous rains".
Wooler subsequently enjoyed
a period of prosperity and with its expansion it was granted a licence
in 1199 to hold a market every Thursday. The St. Mary Magdalene
Hospital was established around 1288.
Wooler is close to
Humbleton Hill the site of a severe Scottish defeat
at the hands of
Harry Hotspur in 1402. This battle is referred to at
the beginning of William Shakespeare's play
Henry IV, Part 1
Henry IV, Part 1 – of
which Hotspur is the dashing hero.
Wooler also used to have a drill hall that was the local "picture
house" which children were evacuated to in World War II. There also
used to be a fountain situated at the top of Church Street in the
town. There are three churches in the town, all of which are Grade
II listed buildings. The Anglican St Mary's dates from 1765 but has
had church on the site for 700 years, the Catholic St Ninian's dates
from 1856 while the United Reformed Church in Cheviot Street dates
Alexander Dalziel of
Wooler (1781–1832) was the father of the
celebrated Dalziel Brothers. Seven of his eight sons were artists, and
became celebrated engravers in London. Their sister Margaret was
also an engraver.
Between 1887 and 1965 the town was served by
Wooler railway station on
Alnwick to Cornhill Branch.
Meaning of place-name
Wooler may be from Old English wella "well, spring" and ofer (ridge,
hill). A record of the name as Welnfver in 1186 seems to suggest this
origin. The well or spring referred to is the River Till. The Wooler
Water, part of which is also known as Happy Valley, is a tributary of
River Till and is formed by a confluence of the Harthope and Carey
Burns which rise in the Cheviot Hills, to the south of Wooler.
Another possible origin is "Wulfa's hillside", from the Old English
personal name Wulfa "wolf" and őra "hillside, slope", although this
word in place-names usually means "river mouth, shore". A record of
the name as Wulloir in 1232 may suggest this origin. It is not certain
which is the actual origin.
An electoral ward in the same name exists. This ward stretches from
the Scottish Border south-east to Ingram with a total population taken
at the 2011 Census of 4,266.
^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
^ http://www.wooler.org.uk/history.htm wooler.org.uk
^ "Glendale Church Trail" (leaflet), Glendale Alive Partnership, no
ISBN, Gives details of churches.
Dalziel Brothers - National Portrait Gallery
^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wooler.
Wooler Evangelical Church
Ceremonial county of Northumberland
North East England
North East England Portal
See also: List of civil parishes in Northumberland
Grade 1 listed buildings