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Wooler
Wooler
(/ˈwʊlər/ WUUL-ər) is a small town in Northumberland, England. It lies on the edge of the Northumberland
Northumberland
National Park, near the Cheviot Hills. It is a popular base for walkers and is referred to as the "Gateway to the Cheviots". As well as many shops and pubs, the town has a youth hostel, many hotels, and campsites. It lies on the St. Cuthbert's Way long-distance footpath between Melrose Abbey
Melrose Abbey
and Lindisfarne. The main A697 links the town with Morpeth and Coldstream
Coldstream
on the Scottish Border. Wooler
Wooler
has two schools; Wooler
Wooler
First School (including Little Acorns Nursery) and Glendale Community Middle School. The schools and nursery share a single campus on Brewery Road (from September 2015) providing education for children in the Glendale area from 2 years old to 13 years old. Close by is Yeavering Bell, crowned by a large iron-age fort, a stronghold of the Votadini.

Contents

1 History 2 Meaning of place-name 3 Governance 4 References 5 External links

History[edit] Wooler
Wooler
was not recorded in the Domesday Book, because when the book was written in 1086, northern Northumbria
Northumbria
was not under Norman control. However, by 1107, at the time of the creation of the 1st Baron of Wooler, the settlement was described as "situated in an ill-cultivated country under the influence of vast mountains, from whence it is subject to impetuous rains". Wooler
Wooler
subsequently enjoyed a period of prosperity and with its expansion it was granted a licence in 1199 to hold a market every Thursday. The St. Mary Magdalene Hospital was established around 1288. Wooler
Wooler
is close to Humbleton Hill
Humbleton Hill
the site of a severe Scottish defeat at the hands of Harry Hotspur
Harry Hotspur
in 1402. This battle is referred to at the beginning of William Shakespeare's play Henry IV, Part 1
Henry IV, Part 1
– of which Hotspur is the dashing hero. Wooler
Wooler
also used to have a drill hall that was the local "picture house" which children were evacuated to in World War II. There also used to be a fountain situated at the top of Church Street in the town.[2] There are three churches in the town, all of which are Grade II listed buildings. The Anglican St Mary's dates from 1765 but has had church on the site for 700 years, the Catholic St Ninian's dates from 1856 while the United Reformed Church in Cheviot Street dates from 1778.[3] Alexander Dalziel of Wooler
Wooler
(1781–1832) was the father of the celebrated Dalziel Brothers. Seven of his eight sons were artists, and became celebrated engravers in London.[4] Their sister Margaret was also an engraver. Between 1887 and 1965 the town was served by Wooler railway station on the Alnwick
Alnwick
to Cornhill Branch. Meaning of place-name[edit] Wooler
Wooler
may be from Old English wella "well, spring" and ofer (ridge, hill). A record of the name as Welnfver in 1186 seems to suggest this origin. The well or spring referred to is the River Till. The Wooler Water, part of which is also known as Happy Valley, is a tributary of the River Till
River Till
and is formed by a confluence of the Harthope and Carey Burns which rise in the Cheviot Hills, to the south of Wooler. Another possible origin is "Wulfa's hillside", from the Old English personal name Wulfa "wolf" and őra "hillside, slope", although this word in place-names usually means "river mouth, shore". A record of the name as Wulloir in 1232 may suggest this origin. It is not certain which is the actual origin. Governance[edit] An electoral ward in the same name exists. This ward stretches from the Scottish Border south-east to Ingram with a total population taken at the 2011 Census of 4,266.[5]

References[edit]

^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 3 July 2015.  ^ http://www.wooler.org.uk/history.htm wooler.org.uk ^ "Glendale Church Trail" (leaflet), Glendale Alive Partnership, no ISBN, Gives details of churches. ^ The Dalziel Brothers
Dalziel Brothers
- National Portrait Gallery ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 3 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wooler.

Community website Archaeology in Wooler
Wooler
area Tankerville Arms Visit Northumberland Northumbrian Railways Northeast England Wooler
Wooler
Genealogy Northumberland
Northumberland
Communities Wooler
Wooler
Evangelical Church

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