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Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
is celebrated in the United States
United States
on August 26 to commemorate the 1920 adoption of the Nineteenth Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States
United States
Constitution, which prohibits the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States
United States
on the basis of sex. It was first celebrated in 1973 and is proclaimed each year by the United States President.

Contents

1 History 2 See also

2.1 Other holidays honoring women

3 References 4 External links

4.1 Presidential Proclamations of Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
by decade

History[edit] The date was chosen to commemorate the day in 1920 when Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby
Bainbridge Colby
signed the proclamation granting American women the constitutional right to vote.[1] In 1971, following the 1970 nationwide Women's Strike for Equality,[2] and again in 1973, as the battles over the Equal Rights Amendment
Equal Rights Amendment
continued, Congresswoman Bella Abzug of New York introduced a resolution to designate August 26 as Women’s Equality Day.[3] On August 16, 1973, Congress approved H.J. Res. 52, which stated that August 26 would be designated as Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
and that "the President is authorized and requested to issue a proclamation in commemoration of that day in 1920 on which the women in American were first guaranteed the right to vote".[4] The same day, President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
issued Proclamation 4236 for Women's Equality Day, which began, in part: "The struggle for women's suffrage, however, was only the first step toward full and equal participation of women in our Nation's life. In recent years, we have made other giant strides by attacking sex discrimination through our laws and by paving new avenues to equal economic opportunity for women. Today, in virtually every sector of our society, women are making important contributions to the quality of American life. And yet, much still remains to be done".[5] Every president since Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
and continuing until Barack Obama has issued a proclamation designating August 26 as Women’s Equality Day.[6] On August 25, 2016, President Obama's Proclamation read, in part: "Today, as we celebrate the anniversary of this hard-won achievement and pay tribute to the trailblazers and suffragists who moved us closer to a more just and prosperous future, we resolve to protect this constitutional right and pledge to continue fighting for equality for women and girls".[7] See also[edit]

Gender inequality Timeline of women's suffrage List of observances in the United States
United States
by presidential proclamation

Other holidays honoring women[edit]

Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(February 4 / December 1) National Girls and Women in Sports Day (one day first week of February) Susan B. Anthony Day
Susan B. Anthony Day
(February 15) International Women's Day, (March 8) Harriet Tubman Day
Harriet Tubman Day
(March 10) Helen Keller Day
Helen Keller Day
(June 27)

References[edit]

^ Gustafson, Melanie (August 26, 2016). ""Women's Equality Day"". We're History.  ^ "Women's Equality Day", Click! The Ongoing Feminist Revolution ^ Berman, Eliza (August 26, 2016). "Meet the Woman Behind Women's Equality Day". Time.  ^ Text of Public Law 93-105, authorizing the designation of Women's Equality Day (pdf). August 16, 1973. ^ 1973 Proclamation by President Nixon, The American Presidency Project. ^ Search page, The American Presidency Project. ^ Presidential Proclamation – Women's Equality Day, 2016, The White House, August 25, 2016.

External links[edit]

"Sample Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
Proclamation". National Women's History Project. 

Presidential Proclamations of Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
by decade[edit]

198th decade: 1972 (called Women's Rights Day), 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, 1980 199th decade: 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990 200th decade: 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000 201st decade: 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 202nd decade: 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017.

19th Amendment

National Archives – 19th Amendment

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Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States

January

New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(federal) Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Martin Luther King Jr. Day
(federal)

Confederate Heroes Day (TX) Fred Korematsu Day
Fred Korematsu Day
(CA, FL, HI, VA) Idaho Human Rights Day (ID) Inauguration Day (federal quadrennial, DC area) Kansas Day (KS) Lee–Jackson Day
Lee–Jackson Day
(formerly Lee–Jackson–King Day) (VA) Robert E. Lee Day
Robert E. Lee Day
(FL) Stephen Foster Memorial Day (36) The Eighth (LA, former federal)

January–February

Super Bowl Sunday

February American Heart Month Black History Month

Washington's Birthday/Presidents' Day (federal) Valentine's Day

Georgia Day (GA) Groundhog Day Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
(CA, CT, IL, IN, MO, NJ, NY, WV) National Girls and Women in Sports Day National Freedom Day (36) Primary Election Day (WI) Ronald Reagan Day
Ronald Reagan Day
(CA) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(CA, MO) Susan B. Anthony Day
Susan B. Anthony Day
(CA, FL, NY, WI, WV, proposed federal)

February–March

Mardi Gras

Ash Wednesday
Ash Wednesday
(religious) Courir de Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(religious) Super Tuesday

March Irish-American Heritage Month National Colon Cancer Awareness Month Women's History Month

St. Patrick's Day (religious) Spring break
Spring break
(week)

Casimir Pulaski Day
Casimir Pulaski Day
(IL) Cesar Chavez Day
Cesar Chavez Day
(CA, CO, TX, proposed federal) Evacuation Day (Suffolk County, MA) Harriet Tubman Day
Harriet Tubman Day
(NY) Holi
Holi
(NY, religious) Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(AL (in two counties), LA) Maryland Day
Maryland Day
(MD) National Poison Prevention Week
National Poison Prevention Week
(week) Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Day (HI) Saint Joseph's Day
Saint Joseph's Day
(religious) Seward's Day (AK) Texas Independence Day
Texas Independence Day
(TX) Town Meeting Day (VT)

March–April

Easter
Easter
(religious)

Palm Sunday
Palm Sunday
(religious) Passover
Passover
(religious) Good Friday
Good Friday
(CT, NC, PR, religious) Easter
Easter
Monday (religious)

April Confederate History Month

420 Day April Fools' Day Arbor Day Confederate Memorial Day
Confederate Memorial Day
(AL, MS) Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
(week) Earth Day Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
(DC) Thomas Jefferson's Birthday
Jefferson's Birthday
(AL) Pascua Florida (FL) Patriots' Day
Patriots' Day
(MA, ME) San Jacinto Day
San Jacinto Day
(TX) Siblings Day Walpurgis Night
Walpurgis Night
(religious)

May Asian Pacific American Heritage Month Jewish American Heritage Month

Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(federal) Mother's Day (36) Cinco de Mayo

Harvey Milk Day
Harvey Milk Day
(CA) Law Day (36) Loyalty Day (36) Malcolm X Day
Malcolm X Day
(CA, IL, proposed federal) May Day Military Spouse Day National Day of Prayer
National Day of Prayer
(36) National Defense Transportation Day (36) National Maritime Day (36) Peace Officers Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(36) Truman Day
Truman Day
(MO)

June Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride Month

Father's Day (36)

Bunker Hill Day
Bunker Hill Day
(Suffolk County, MA) Carolina Day
Carolina Day
(SC) Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
In Texas / Juneteenth
Juneteenth
(TX) Flag Day (36, proposed federal) Helen Keller Day
Helen Keller Day
(PA) Honor America Days (3 weeks) Jefferson Davis Day
Jefferson Davis Day
(AL, FL) Kamehameha Day
Kamehameha Day
(HI) Odunde Festival
Odunde Festival
(Philadelphia, PA) Senior Week (week) West Virginia Day
West Virginia Day
(WV)

July

Independence Day (federal)

Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (HI, unofficial) Parents' Day
Parents' Day
(36) Pioneer Day (UT)

July–August

Summer vacation

August

American Family Day (AZ) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Day (IL) Bennington Battle Day (VT) Hawaii Admission Day / Statehood Day (HI) Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
(TX) National Aviation Day
National Aviation Day
(36) Service Reduction Day (MD) Victory over Japan Day (RI, former federal) Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
(36)

September Prostate Cancer Awareness Month

Labor Day
Labor Day
(federal)

California Admission Day
California Admission Day
(CA) Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day (36) Constitution Day (36) Constitution Week (week) Defenders Day
Defenders Day
(MD) Gold Star Mother's Day
Gold Star Mother's Day
(36) National Grandparents Day
National Grandparents Day
(36) National Payroll Week (week) Native American Day (CA, TN, proposed federal) Patriot Day
Patriot Day
(36)

September–October Hispanic Heritage Month

Oktoberfest

Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
(religious) Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
(religious)

October Breast Cancer Awareness Month Disability Employment Awareness Month Filipino American History Month LGBT History Month

Columbus Day
Columbus Day
(federal) Halloween

Alaska Day (AK) Child Health Day (36) General Pulaski Memorial Day German-American Day Indigenous Peoples' Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day
(VT) International Day of Non-Violence Leif Erikson Day
Leif Erikson Day
(36) Missouri Day (MO) National School Lunch Week Native American Day (SD) Nevada Day
Nevada Day
(NV) Sweetest Day White Cane Safety Day
White Cane Safety Day
(36)

October–November

Diwali
Diwali
(religious)

November Native American Indian Heritage Month

Veterans Day
Veterans Day
(federal) Thanksgiving (federal)

Day after Thanksgiving (24) Election Day (CA, DE, HI, KY, MT, NJ, NY, OH, PR, WV, proposed federal) Family Day (NV) Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious) Lā Kūʻokoʻa (HI, unofficial) Native American Heritage Day (MD, WA) Obama Day
Obama Day
(Perry County, AL)

December

Christmas
Christmas
(religious, federal)

Alabama Day (AL) Christmas
Christmas
Eve (KY, NC, SC) Day after Christmas
Christmas
(KY, NC, SC, TX) Festivus Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious, week) Indiana Day
Indiana Day
(IN) Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa
(religious, week) National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
(36) New Year's Eve Pan American Aviation Day (36) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(OH, OR) Wright Brothers Day (36)

Varies (year round)

Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(religious) Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(religious) Ramadan
Ramadan
(religious, month)

Legend: (federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands.

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Suffrage

Basic topics

Universal suffrage Women Black Youth Resident foreigners Expatriates in country of origin Voting age Demeny voting Suffragette Compulsory voting Disfranchisement Women's liberation movement

By country

Australia

1902 Commonwealth Franchise Act aboriginal women

Japan Hong Kong Kuwait New Zealand Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom

women

Wales

laws

1832 1918 1928

United States

women Native Americans foreigners District of Columbia Puerto Rico amendments

15th 19th 23rd 24th 26th

1965 Voting Rights Act

Events

International Woman Suffrage
Suffrage
Alliance conferences

1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th

1 July marches 2014 protests

UK

Mud March (1907) Women's Sunday
Women's Sunday
(1908) Black Friday (1910) Great Pilgrimage
Great Pilgrimage
(1913) Open Christmas
Christmas
Letter

U.S.

Seneca Falls Convention Declaration of Sentiments Rochester Convention Ohio Women's Convention National Women's Rights Convention Suffrage
Suffrage
Hikes 1913 Woman Suffrage
Suffrage
Procession Silent Sentinels

Night of Terror

"Give Us the Ballot" Selma to Montgomery marches

Related

Age of candidacy US Voting Rights Museum Umbrella Movement

Women

Suffragists Timeline of women's suffrage

US in majority-Muslim countries

Women's suffrage
Women's suffrage
organizations and publications Women's rights activists Suffragette
Suffragette
Memorial Pankhurst Centre Pankhurst Memorial Belmont-Paul Monument International Women's Day Susan B. Anthony Day Women's Equality Day Eagle House Justice Bell 1920 US presidential election Leser v. Garnett

Popular culture

"The March of the Women" (1910 song) The Mother of Us All
The Mother of Us All
(1947 opera) "Sister Suffragette" (1964 song) Shoulder to Shoulder (1974 series) Not for Ourselves Alone
Not for Ourselves Alone
(1999 documentary) Iron Jawed Angels
Iron Jawed Angels
(2004 film) Great Petition (2008 sculpture) Selma (2014 film) Suffragette
Suffragette
(2015 film) Susan B. Anthony dollar 2020 US ten

.