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WOLFGANG BIRKNER (27 October 1913 – 24 March 1945) was a German SS functionary with the rank of SS-Hauptsturmführer , and the Holocaust perpetrator in World War II. Birkner served as the KdS Warschau (Komandeur der Sicherheitspolizei) in Warsaw
Warsaw
following the German invasion of Poland in 1939.

After the German attack on the Soviet forces in eastern Poland during Operation Barbarossa
Operation Barbarossa
, Birkner and his Einsatzkommando were deployed in the newly-formed Bezirk Bialystok district in the Army Group Centre Rear Area due to reports of alleged Soviet guerrilla activity. Birkner arrived in Białystok from the General Government on 30 June 1941, sent in by the SS Police commander Eberhard Schöngarth on orders from the Reich Main Security Office . As veteran of Einsatzgruppe IV from the Polish Campaign
Polish Campaign
of 1939, Birkner was a specialist in rear security operations. Al. Szucha 25 Avenue, Warsaw
Warsaw
. Headquarters of Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo), and the seat of KdS Warschau (Komandeur der Sicherheitspolizei und SD für den Distrikt Warschau) during occupation of Poland. Birkner served here before his murderous expedition to Bezirk Bialystok

KOMMANDO BIALYSTOK

Birkner was appointed chief of the Kommando Bialystok under Arthur Nebe , commander of Einsatzgruppe B . Birkner's death squad was made up of 29 Security Police SS men, as well as Gestapo
Gestapo
functionaries. It was one of several units summoned at around the same time by Schöngarth stationing in Kraków , to meet the new threat of Russian partisan warfare south-east of East Prussia
East Prussia
with local Jews being suspected as participants. Birkner and his Einsatzgruppe committed mass murder in and around Białystok . In the two initial months of operation, between 30 June and 28 August 1941, they had claimed the lives of 1,800 Jews. Birkner was promoted to the rank of SS - Hauptsturmführer
Hauptsturmführer
Kriminal-Kommisar (the equivalent of a police captain) on 20 April 1943. He was killed in the Pomorze Province on 24 March 1945.

Birkner was investigated by the West German prosecutors in 1960, prior to a court trial of the SS commander Hermann Schaper , who had directed parallel mass murders by Kommando SS Zichenau - Schröttersburg in the same area, including many villages and towns of eastern Poland such as Radziłów , Tykocin , Jedwabne , Łomża , Rutki , Wizna , Piątnica , and Zambrów .

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ Tomasz Szarota (2–3 December 2000). "Do we now know everything for certain? (translation)". Gazeta Wyborcza . Retrieved 13 May 2011. * ^ Piotr Wróbel (in) Dagmar Herzog (2006). Lessons and Legacies: The Holocaust in international perspective. Northwestern University Press . p. 392. ISBN 0-8101-2370-3 . Retrieved 13 May 2011. * ^ Tomasz Szarota (April 2001). "Reflections on national stereotypes". Więź. Retrieved 14 May 2011. * ^ Alexander B. Rossino , historian at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. (2003). "Polish "Neighbors" and German Invaders: Contextualizing Anti-Jewish Violence in the Białystok District during the Opening Weeks of Operation Barbarossa". Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry, Volume 16. Cited by Bogdan Musiał in: "Konterrevolutionäre Elemente sind zu erschiessen": Die Brutalisierung des deutsch-sowjetischen Krieges im Sommer 1941, (Berlin: Propyläen, 2000), pp. 32, 62. Also, cited in German archives of Birkner's postwar investigation at: Auswertung der Ereignismeldungen zu den Judenerschiessungen in Białystok im Juli 1941 in ZStL, 5 AR-Z 56/1960, pp. 4ff. Missing or empty url= (help ); access-date= requires url= (help )CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ Thomas Urban, "Poszukiwany Hermann Schaper", Rzeczpospolita
Rzeczpospolita
, 01.09.01 Nr 204. (in Polish)

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Einsatzgruppen and Einsatzkommandos

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich
Reinhard Heydrich
* Ernst Kaltenbrunner
Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of Einsatzgruppen

* Humbert Achamer-Pifrader * Walther Bierkamp * Horst Böhme * Erich Ehrlinger
Erich Ehrlinger
* Wilhelm Fuchs * Heinz Jost * Erich Naumann * Arthur Nebe * Otto Ohlendorf * Friedrich Panzinger * Otto Rasch * Heinrich Seetzen * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of Einsatzkommandos, Sonderkommandos

* Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski * Rudolf Batz * Ernst Biberstein * Wolfgang Birkner * Helmut Bischoff * Paul Blobel * Walter Blume * Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock * Otto Bradfisch * Werner Braune * Friedrich Buchardt * Fritz Dietrich * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Waldemar Klingelhöfer * Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann * Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Walter Rauff * Martin Sandberger * Hermann Schaper * Karl Eberhard Schöngarth * Erwin Schulz * Franz Six * Eugen Steimle * Eduard Strauch
Eduard Strauch
* Martin Weiss * Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

* August Becker * Lothar Fendler * Joachim Hamann * Emil Haussmann * Felix Landau * Albert Widmann

COLLABORATORS

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Arajs Kommando
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CRIMES

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* Ninth Fort * Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

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RUSSIA

* Gully of Petrushino
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UKRAINE

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RECORDS

* The Black Book * Commissar Order
Commissar Order
* Einsatzgruppen trial * Generalplan Ost * Jäger Report * Korherr Report * Special
Special
Prosecution Book-Poland (Sonderfahndungsbu

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