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The House of the People or Wolesi Jirga (Persian: مجلس نمایندگان افغانستان‎, Pashto: د افغانستان ولسي جرگه‎) abbreviated WJ, is the lower house of the bicameral National Assembly of Afghanistan, alongside the upper House of Elders. The House of the People is the chamber that bears the greater burden of lawmaking in the country, as with the House of Commons in the Westminster model. It consists of 249 delegates directly elected by single non-transferable vote (SNTV).[1] Members are elected by district and serve for five years. The constitution guarantees at least 64 delegates to be female. Kuchi nomads elect 10 representatives through a Single National Constituency. The House of the People has the primary responsibility for making and ratifying laws and approving the actions of the president. The first elections in decades were held only in September 2005, four years after the fall of the Taliban
Taliban
regime, still under international (mainly UN and NATO) supervision. The 2010 Wolesi Jirga elections were held on September 18, 2010.[2][3]

Contents

1 Elections 2 Members of Parliament (2005) 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Elections[edit] Main article: Afghan parliamentary election, 2010 Elections were last held on September 18, 2010. Originally, they were planned to be held in May 2010, but after the disputed previous presidential election, elections were postponed.[4] There were more than 2,500 candidates.[5] Members of Parliament (2005)[edit] Some members of the Wolesi Jirga's 2005 election were:

Name Role Constituency Notes

Mohammad Younis Qanooni Speaker Kabul
Kabul
Province

Member of Afghan cabinet
Afghan cabinet
during the Afghan Interim Administration and Afghan Transitional Administration.[6]

Mirwais Yasini First Deputy Speaker Nangarhar Province

Candidate for President during the 2009 Afghan Presidential elections.[7][8]

Mohammad Arif Noorzai First deputy speaker Kandahar Province

He was a deputy speaker.[9] He is related to President Hamid Karzai
Hamid Karzai
through marriage.[9]

Burhanuddin Rabbani

Badakshan Province

Former President of Afghanistan. Leader of Islamic Society of Afghanistan

Pacha Khan Zadran

Paktia Province

Signatory to Bonn Conference.[10] Fell under suspicion of warlordism.[11]

Saleh Mohammad Registani

Panjshir Province

A prominent anti- Taliban
Taliban
figure, who fought against the Taliban
Taliban
and Al-Qaeda during the resistance period in Afghanistan.

Malalai Joya

Farah Province

women's rights campaigner, nicked "the bravest woman in Afghanistan."[12][13]

Sayed Mohmood Hasamuddeen Al-Gailani

Ghazni
Ghazni
Province

He is a grandson of Pir Gailani, a prominent Sufi, and leader of an Afghan political party.[14]

Ali Akbar Qasimi

Ghazni
Ghazni
Province

He is a General in the Afghan National Army, and was a former commander of the 14th Division, which was garrisoned in Ghazni.[14]

Mohammad Daud Sultanzoy

Ghazni
Ghazni
Province

Sultanzoy, prior to his election, was a pilot for United Airlines.[14]

Niyaz Mohammad Amiri

Ghazni
Ghazni
Province

His brother, Shah Mohammad, and his cousin Hajji
Hajji
Fazell, are Governors of two of Ghazni's districts.[14]

Rahila Bibi Kobra Alamshahi

Ghazni
Ghazni
Province

She is a teacher and journalist.[14]

Zahera Ahmadyar Mawlayee

Ghazni
Ghazni
Province

She was formerly the head of the Ghazni
Ghazni
women's shura.[14] She was a University Physics and Math instructor at a

Shah Gul Rezai

Ghazni
Ghazni
Province

She was a teacher from the Jaghoray district, prior to her election.[14]

Abdul Qayyum Sajjadi

Ghazni
Ghazni
Province

He was the editor of a science journal prior to taking office.[14]

Khyal Mohammad Mohammad Khan

Ghazni
Ghazni
Province

He is the finalcial chief for the Hezbi Islami.[14] His election was close—he won by two votes.[14]

Al-Haj Mamur Abdul Jabar Shulgari

Ghazni
Ghazni
Province

Prior to his election he served in the Loya Jirga
Loya Jirga
that drafted Afghanistan's new Constitution.[14]

Abdul Bagi Baryal

Ghazni
Ghazni
Province

He founded an organization for the disabled after he was blinded and lost a leg from a rocket during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan.[14]

Fauzia Gailani

Herat Province

Won more votes than any other female candidate.[15][16] Won more votes than any other candidate in Herat.[15][16]

Fazlullah Mojadeddi

Logar Province

Formerly Governor of Logar. Member of Wolesi Jirga from 2005-2010. Did not run in the 2010 Elections.

Dr. Shakila Hashimi

Logar Province

She is the chairperson of the Health Committee

Ali Mohammad

Logar Province

Serves on the Communications, Urban Development, Water, power, Municipal Affairs Committee

Wali Wahdatyar Ahmadzai

Logar Province

Unknown

Haji Akbar Stanekzai

Logar Province

Unknown

Hajji
Hajji
Alam Gull Kuchi

Kuchi people

Shukria Barakzai

Kabul
Kabul
Province

women's rights campaigner, journalist.[17][18][19]

Malalai Shinwari

Kabul
Kabul
Province

Shinwari was a journalist prior to running for office.[20][21][22] She reports her supporters were subjected to intimidation from traditionalists. She opposes selling daughters into marriage to pay off debts.

Fauzia Nasryar Haidari

Kabul
Kabul
Province

[23]

Fatima Nazry

Kabul
Kabul
Province

[23]

Erfanullah Erfan

Kabul
Kabul
Province

[23]

Alami Balkhi

Kabul
Kabul
Province

According to a report from the Naval Postgraduate School
Naval Postgraduate School
According to the report he is "associated with [Yunus] Qanuni's political faction."[23]

Anwar Khan Auriakhel

Kabul
Kabul
Province

[23]

Baidar Zazai

Kabul
Kabul
Province

[23]

Abbas Noyan

Kabul
Kabul
Province

[23]

Jamil Karzai

Kabul
Kabul
Province

He is a second cousin to President Hamid Karzai.[23] He was head of the National Youth Solidarity Party.[23] It stated he sat on the Internal Security Committee.[23]

Obaidullah

Kandahar Province

Served on the Economics committee.[9]

Malali Ishaqzai

Kandahar Province

She served on the Government Services Committee.[9]

Haji Ahmad Shah Khan Asakzai

Kandahar Province

He sat on the Armed Service Committee.[9]

Haji Ameer Lali

Kandahar Province

He sat on the Armed Services Committee.[9]

Fariba Ahmadi Kakar

Kandahar Province

She sat on the Armed Services Committee.[9]

Habibullah Jan

Kandahar Province

Assassinated in 2008.[9] Reported to have been a "sometimes rival of [President] Karzai".[9] Reported to have been assassinated by the Taliban.[9] He sat on the "Kandahar Security Shura".[9]

Khalid Pashtoon

Kandahar Province

He was the deputy chair of the Internal Security Committee.[9]

Noorulhaq Olumi

Kandahar Province

He was the chair of the Armed Services Committee.[9]

Shakiba Hashemi

Kandahar Province

She sat on the Environment Committee.[9]

Sayyad Mohammad

Kandahar Province

He sat on the Armed Services Committee.[9]

Amir Khan Sabri

Khost Province

He sat on the Communications Committee.[24]

Mawlawi Hanif Shah al-Hussaini

Khost Province

He sat on the Justice Committee.[24]

Sahira Sharif

Khost Province

She sat on the Education Committee.[24]

Sayed Mohammad Gulabzoy

Khost Province

He sat on the Internal Security Committee.[24]

Gul Haar Jalal

Kunar Province

She sat on the Disabled and Martyrs Committee.[25]

Shujaul Mulik

Kunar Province

He sat on the Internal Security Committee.[25]

Mawlawi Shahzada Shahid

Kunar Province

He sat on the Counter-narcotics committee.[25]

Al-Haj Sahib Rahman

Kunar Province

He was assassinated by a suicide bomber on November 6, 2007.[25] He sat on the Economics Committee.[25]

Sayed Durahman

Laghman Province

Prior to being elected to the national legislature he was a madrassa teacher.[26]

Engineer Mohammad Alim Qarar

Laghman Province

He was a former commander with the Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin militia.[26]

Zefnoon Safai

Laghman Province

She sat on the legislature's budget committee.[26]

Esmatullah Muhabat

Laghman Province

He was killed in 2005.[26]

Mulla Abdul Salam Rakity

Zabul Province

A former Taliban
Taliban
commander.[27] He sat on the Internal Security Committee.[27]

Hameedullah Khan Tokhi

Zabul Province

He sat on the Internal Security Committee.[27]

Toorpekai

Zabul Province

She sat on the Communications Committee.[27]

Ahmad Waheed Khan Tahiri

Herat Province

Abdul Hadi Jamshidi

Herat Province

Abdul Salam Qazizada

Herat Province

Ahmad Behzad

Herat Province

Ahmad Waheed Khan Tahiri

Herat Province

Aqayee Jebraili

Herat Province

Aziz Ahmad Naadim

Herat Province

Gul Ahmad

Herat Province

Mohammad Arif Tayab

Herat Province

Mohammad Salih Saljoqi

Herat Province

Najla Dehqan Nizhad

Herat Province

Qazi Nazir Ahmad

Herat Province

Rahimi Jami

Herat Province

Saadat Fatahi

Herat Province

Sayyad Mohammad Shafiq

Herat Province

Shahnaz Hemati

Herat Province

Zarin

Herat Province

See also[edit]

National Assembly of Afghanistan House of Elders Politics of Afghanistan List of legislatures by country

References[edit]

^ "Fact Sheet: Single Non-Transferable Vote (SNTV) System" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-10-27.  ^ "Afghans brave Taliban
Taliban
to vote in parliamentary election". BBC News Online. 18 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.  ^ March 25, 2010: IEC Press Release on 2010 Wolesi Jirga Election Timeline Archived April 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Afghanistan
Afghanistan
parliamentary election postponed " ^ 2010 Wolesi Jirga Candidate List Archived 2010-09-14 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Thomas H. Johnson (February 2006). "The Prospects for Post-Conflict Afghanistan: A Call of the Sirens to the Country's Troubled Past". V (2). Strategic Insights. Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2009-06-29.  ^ " Mohammad Younis Qanooni
Mohammad Younis Qanooni
speaker of WJ meets Saudi Arabia's ambassador in Kabul". Government of Afghanistan. 2008-11-09. Retrieved 2009-05-25. Also in the other part of session Mirwis Yasini first deputy of WJ presented the reports of the yesterday meeting with the country’s president about negotiation with Afghan Taliban
Taliban
and residence areas bombards, the non Consonance of foreign forces attacks with government organs and the lack of perspicuous systems justice and criminals penalty. [dead link] ^ Nancy A. Youssef (2009-07-07). "Where's Pentagon 'terrorism suspect'? Talking to Karzai". McClatchy News Service. Archived from the original on 2009-07-09. Retrieved 2009-07-08.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Profile: Kandahar Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. January 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-01-31.  ^ Kevin Sack, Craig Pyes (2006-09-26). "Cloak of secrecy hides abuse in Afghanistan". Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 2007-03-07. Retrieved 2007-10-22.  ^ "Armed Conflict Database: Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Timeline". International Institute for Strategic Studies. 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2007-10-22. [permanent dead link] ^ "'The Bravest Woman in Afghanistan': Malalai Joya
Malalai Joya
Speaks Out Against the Warlord-Controlled Afghan Government & U.S. Military Presence". Democracy Now!. 2007-06-19. Retrieved 2008-12-08.  ^ Afghanistan
Afghanistan
2004 election results ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Province: Ghazni". Navy Postgraduate School. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-01-29.  ^ a b "Profile: Herat Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2009.  [1] ^ a b Kim Barker (2005-11-06). "A conservative Afghan city elects a woman". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-06-13. Her life started out much like those of other Herat women. At age 13, while she still played with dolls, she was forced to marry a man who was 15 years older. She was his second wife. But after moving to Iran during Afghanistan's wars, Gailani fell in love with sports. She started exercising and worked at a gym for women. When her family moved back to Herat after the Taliban
Taliban
fell, she brought two carloads of equipment to start gyms for women in Herat.  ^ Jason Staziuso (2009-03-03). "Afghan tech boom: Mullah
Mullah
embraces iPhone". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2009-03-04.  ^ Clancy Chassay (2008-11-22). "Acid attacks and rape: growing threat to women who oppose traditional order: Female MPs speak out as conditions worsen and Islamists gain respectability". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-07-08.  ^ "The Media Report". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2006-06-22. Retrieved 2009-07-08.  ^ Alisa Tang (2007-07-10). "Afghan girls traded for debts, blood feuds". USA Today. Retrieved 2008-08-04.  ^ Golnaz Esfandiari (2005-08-12). "Threats, Intimidation Reported Against Female Candidates". Global Security. Retrieved 2008-08-04.  ^ Abdul Baseer Saeed (2005-10-29). "Winning Afghan candidates become warlords' targets". RAWA. Retrieved 2008-08-04. Malalai Shinwari, who came in first among Kabul's female candidates, said threats and intimidation have increased since her apparent victory. She blames the armed commanders who also appear to have won seats in the parliament with instigating the violence in their own political interests.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Profile: Kabul
Kabul
Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-15. Retrieved 2010-06-15.  ^ a b c d "Profile: Khost Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. January 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-06-14.  ^ a b c d e "Profile: Kunar Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-14.  mirror ^ a b c d "Program for Culture and Conflict Studies: Laghman Province" (PDF). Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 2008-05-30.  ^ a b c d "Profile: Zabul Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-06-14. Retrieved 2010-06-15. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to House of the People (Afghanistan).

Website of the Wolesi Jirga (English)

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