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Wincenty Pol
Wincenty Pol
(20 April 1807 – 2 December 1872) was a Polish poet and geographer.

Contents

1 Life 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

Life[edit]

Pol's tomb, Skałka
Skałka
Church

Etching from a photograph, by Adolf Piwarski (1862)

Pol was born in Lublin
Lublin
(then in Galicia), to Franz Pohl (or Poll), a German in the Austrian service, and his wife Eleonora Longchamps de Berier, from a French family living in Poland. Pol fought in the Polish army in the November 1830 Uprising and participated in the 1848 revolution. In spite of his mixed family background, he considered himself a Pole, so much so that he changed his surname to Pol. He was interned in Königsberg
Königsberg
(Królewiec) after the fall of the November Uprising
November Uprising
in Russian partition of Poland.[1] He enrolled at the University but soon became embroiled in controversy, for his anti-Tsarist agitation. While Pol was defended by German speaking professors, Peter von Bohlen
Peter von Bohlen
and Friedrich Wilhelm Schubert, he left Prussia and continued his exile in France. While in exile Pol worked on his first poems in tribute to the heroism of the insurgents, issued later in the set of "Songs of Janusz".[2] Although he had no formal education in geography, during his travels in Polish lands he wrote several books on this subject, and in 1849 was appointed professor at the Jagiellonian University
Jagiellonian University
in Cracow. He wrote a fine descriptive work, Obrazy z życia i podróży (Pictures of Life and Travel), and also a poem Pieśń o ziemi naszej (Song of our Land). In 1855 he published Mohort, a poem relating to the times of Stanisław August Poniatowski. His earlier Songs of Janusz (1836) inspired Frédéric Chopin
Frédéric Chopin
to write a number of Polish songs, but only one survives. Pol was probably first to introduce into Polish literature the term "Kresy" to describe the territories lying near the eastern frontiers of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.[citation needed] He died in Kraków. Pol was interred in Kraków's historic Skałka Church, a mini-pantheon of Polish scientists, writers and artists, especially from the Kraków
Kraków
area. See also[edit]

Gawęda List of Poles

References[edit]

^ Mann, Maurycy (1904). Wincenty Pol: studjum biograficzno-krytyczne. Gebethner. p. 199.  ^ Wrzesiński, Wojciech; Achremczyk, Stanisław (1993). Królewiec a Polska: praca zbiorowa. Ośrodek Badań Naukowych. p. 118. 

External links[edit]

A selection of Wincenty Pol's poems, in English, German and Polish A Poet from Lublin

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 27194844 LCCN: n83062775 ISNI: 0000 0000 8106 046X GND: 122386973 SUDOC: 060109300 BNF: cb12864870d (data) MusicBrainz: e032992b-6e0f-42db-b973-d2242814a9da NKC: mzk2009533579 SN

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