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William Powell Frith
William Powell Frith
RA (19 January 1819 – 9 November 1909) was an English painter[1] specialising in genre subjects and panoramic narrative works of life in the Victorian era. He was elected to the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
in 1853, presenting The Sleeping Model as his Diploma work.[2][3] He has been described as the "greatest British painter of the social scene since Hogarth".[4]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Exhibitions and legacy

3 Personal life 4 Gallery 5 Writings 6 References and sources 7 Further reading 8 See also 9 External links

Early life[edit] William Powell Frith
William Powell Frith
was born in Aldfield, near Ripon
Ripon
in North Yorkshire on 19 January 1819. Frith was encouraged to take up art by his father, a hotelier in Harrogate. Frith was great uncle and an advisor to the English school portrait painter Henry Keyworth Raine (1872–1932).[5] He moved to London
London
in 1835 where he began his formal art studies at Sass's Academy in Charlotte Street, before attending the Royal Academy Schools. Frith started his career as a portrait painter and first exhibited at the British Institution
British Institution
in 1838. In the 1840s he often based works on the literary output of writers such as Charles Dickens, whose portrait he painted, and Laurence Sterne. Career[edit] He was a member of The Clique, which also included Richard Dadd. The principal influence on his work was the hugely popular domestic subjects painted by Sir David Wilkie. Wilkie's famous painting The Chelsea Pensioners was a spur to the creation of Frith's own most famous compositions. Following the precedent of Wilkie, but also imitating the work of his friend Dickens, Frith created complex multi-figure compositions depicting the full range of the Victorian class system, meeting and interacting in public places. In 'Ramsgate Sands' (also known as 'Life at the Seaside', 1854) he depicted visitors and entertainers at the seaside resort. He followed this with The Derby Day, depicting scenes among the crowd at the race at Epsom Downs, which was based on photographic studies by Robert Howlett. This 1858 composition was bought by Jacob Bell for £1,500. It was so popular that it had to be protected by a specially installed rail when shown at the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
of Arts. Another well-known painting was The Railway Station,[6] a scene of Paddington station. In 1865 he was chosen to paint the Marriage of the Prince of Wales.

Pope Makes Love To Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (1852)

His 1858 painting The Crossing Sweeper
The Crossing Sweeper
has been described as breaking "new ground in its description of the collision of wealth and poverty on a London
London
street."[7] Later in his career he painted two series of five pictures each, telling moral stories in the manner of William Hogarth. These were the Road to Ruin (1878), about the dangers of gambling, and the Race for Wealth (1880) about reckless financial speculation. He retired from the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
in 1890 but continued to exhibit until 1902. Frith was a traditionalist who made known his aversion to modern-art developments in a couple of autobiographies – My Autobiography and Reminiscences (1887) and Further Reminiscences (1888) – and other writings. He was also an inveterate enemy of the Pre-Raphaelites
Pre-Raphaelites
and of the Aesthetic Movement, which he satirised in his painting A Private View at the Royal Academy
Royal Academy
(1883), in which Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
is depicted discoursing on art while Frith's friends look on disapprovingly. Fellow traditionalist Frederic Leighton
Frederic Leighton
is featured in the painting, which also portrays painter John Everett Millais
John Everett Millais
and novelist Anthony Trollope. In his later years, he painted many copies of his famous paintings, as well as more sexually uninhibited works, such as the nude After the Bath. A well-known raconteur, his writings, most notably his chatty autobiography, were very popular. In 1856, Frith was photographed at "The Photographed Institute" by Robert Howlett, as part of a series of portraits of "fine artists". The picture was among a group exhibited at the Art Treasures Exhibition in Manchester
Manchester
in 1857.[8] Frith is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery
Kensal Green Cemetery
in London. Exhibitions and legacy[edit] The first major retrospective in Frith's native Britain for half a century was staged at the Guildhall Art Gallery, London
London
in November 2006. It transferred to Mercer Art Gallery in Harrogate, North Yorkshire in March 2007. Frith's study for his last major work, The Private View, 1881, is in the Mercer Art Gallery. Frith has paintings in the collection of several British institutions including Derby Art Gallery, Sheffield, Harrogate
Harrogate
and the Victoria and Albert Museum.[9] Personal life[edit] Frith was married twice. He had twelve children with his first wife, Isabelle, whilst a mile down the road maintaining a mistress (Mary Alford, formerly his ward) and seven more children – all a marked contrast to the upright family scenes depicted in paintings like Many Happy Returns of the Day. Frith married Alford on the death of Isabelle in 1880.[10] A daughter from his first family, Jane Ellen Panton, published Leaves of a life in 1908. It is a book of childhood reminiscences describing her father and the family's set of artist and literary friendships, chiefly members of The Clique. Gallery[edit]

Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
by Frith

The Crossing Sweeper, 1858

The Two Central Figures in "Derby Day", at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1860

The Little Gleaner

A Private View at the Royal Academy, 1881, 1883, one of Frith's "panoramas", depicting the art-world of his day at a private view, and satirising the influence of Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
and the Aesthetic movement. Wilde is the main figure at the right, behind the boy wearing green.

Dolly Varden, 1842. Dolly Varden was a character from Barnaby Rudge
Barnaby Rudge
by Charles Dickens.

At my Window, Boulogne

The Beautiful Grisette, 1853. A scene from Laurence Sterne's A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy

Olivia unveiling, 1874

Study of a Young Girl

Detail of After the Bath, Frith's only known nude painting

Writings[edit]

My Autobiography and Reminiscences (1887). (BiblioBazaar reprint, 2009: ISBN 1-116-49774-3) Further Reminiscences (1888). John Leech, His Life and Work, 2 vols. (1891).

References and sources[edit]

References

^ "FRITH, William Powell". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 643.  ^ " Royal Academy
Royal Academy
of Arts Collections".  ^ Wilman, George (1882), "William Powell Frith, R.A.", Sketches of living celebrities, London: Griffith and Farran, pp. 129–134  ^ William Powell Frith: Painting the Victorian Age. Harrogate
Harrogate
Borough Council, 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2013. Archived 18 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "The Minneapolis journal. (Minneapolis, Minn.) 1888-1939, May 13, 1906, Part II, Editorial Section, Image 20". 13 May 1906. p. 8 – via chroniclingamerica.loc.gov.  ^ "In the collection of Royal Holloway, London
London
University". Retrieved 24 October 2014.  ^ Bills, Mark. "William Powell Frith's 'The Crossing Sweeper': An Archetypal Image of Mid-Nineteenth Century London
London
(2004-05)". The Burlington Magazine. p. 300.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "Oxford Dictionary of Biography, Link to entry for Robert Howlett". Oxforddnb.com. Retrieved 2012-08-22.  ^ William Powell Frith, BBC, accessed August 2011 ^ Wainwright, Martin (26 March 2007). "Where's Mary? Hunt is on for Victorian artist's secret mistress". Guardian. London. Retrieved 2007-03-26. 

Sources

 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Frith, William Powell". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Further reading[edit]

Bills, Mark (2006). William Powell Frith: Painting the Victorian Age. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-12190-3 Wood, Christopher (2006). William Powell Frith: A Painter and His World. Sutton Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7509-3845-5

See also[edit]

Jane Ellen Panton, daughter of Frith

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Powell Frith.

Works by William Powell Frith
William Powell Frith
at Project Gutenberg Works by or about William Powell Frith
William Powell Frith
at Internet Archive William Powell Frith
William Powell Frith
at Artcyclopedia (images from various Museums and image galleries) Phryne's list of pictures by Frith in accessible collections in the UK at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
(archived May 12, 2008) William Powell Frith
William Powell Frith
page at the Mercer Art Gallery, Harrogate. William Powell Frith
William Powell Frith
chronology at the Mercer Art Gallery, Harrogate. Archived here. Profile on Royal Academy
Royal Academy
of Arts Collections 95 Painting(s) by or after William Powell Frith
William Powell Frith
at the Art UK site

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 77118105 LCCN: nr89014511 ISNI: 0000 0001 0815 124X GND: 119093812 SELIBR: 285393 SUDOC: 114116199 BNF: cb145843272 (data) ULAN: 500009971 NLA: 35105244 NDL: 001099003 NKC: jx20120911001 RKD: 29

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