The Info List - William Pinkney

William Pinkney
William Pinkney
(March 17, 1764 – February 25, 1822) was an American statesman and diplomat, and was appointed the seventh U.S. Attorney General by President James Madison.


1 Biography 2 Political career 3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External links

Biography[edit] William Pinkney
William Pinkney
was born in Annapolis, Maryland. His home was on the banks of the Severn River, in view of the Chesapeake Bay.[1] Pinkney attended King William school. His teacher was a Mr. Brefhard. At age thirteen he left school but his teacher, aware of the young Pinkney's intelligence, gave him private lessons at home.[2] He studied medicine (which he did not practice) and law, becoming a lawyer upon admission to the bar in 1786. After practicing law in Harford County, Maryland, he participated in Maryland's state constitutional convention. Pinkney was an excellent orator who possessing a command of language, and was said to possess a pleasing and articulate manner in his speaking.[3] Political career[edit] In April, 1788, Pinkney was elected a delegate to the convention of the State of Maryland, which ratified the United States
United States
Constitution, marking the beginning of his political career.[4] Pinkney served in the Maryland
House of Delegates from 1788 to 1792 and then again in 1795, and served as a U.S. Congressman
U.S. Congressman
from the third district of Maryland
in 1791 and from the fifth district from 1815 until 1816. He was mayor of Annapolis
from 1795 to 1800. In 1801 he was appointed Attorney general for the District of Pennsylvania, by President Thomas Jefferson[5] and Attorney General of Maryland
from 1805 to 1806. Pinkney was co-US Minister to the Court of St. James (i.e. Great Britain) (with James Monroe) from 1806 to 1807; They were asked by President Jefferson to negotiate with Great Britain to end the harassment of American shipping, though Britain showed no signs of improving relations. They negotiated the Monroe–Pinkney Treaty, but it lacked provisions to end impressment and was subsequently rejected by President Jefferson and never went into effect.[6] Pinkney was Minister Plenipotentiary from 1808 until 1811. He then returned to Maryland, serving in the Maryland
State Senate in 1811. In 1811 he joined President James Madison's cabinet as Attorney General. He was a major in the U.S. Army
U.S. Army
during the War of 1812
War of 1812
and was wounded at the Battle of Bladensburg, Maryland
in August 1814. After the War, he served as congressman from the fifth district of Maryland
from 1815 to 1816. After serving in Congress he became the U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia
from 1816 until 1818, along with a special mission to the Kingdom of Naples. Pinkney successfully argued many important cases before the Supreme Court, including the landmark case of McCulloch v. Maryland
(1819), where the right of the US Congress to charter the Bank of the United States was upheld.[7] Pinkney served as a US senator from Maryland
from 1819 until his death in 1822. He is buried at the Congressional Cemetery
Congressional Cemetery
in Washington, D.C..[8] His son, Edward Coote Pinkney, became an accomplished poet. See also[edit]

List of United States
United States
Congress members who died in office (1790–1899)


^ Pinkney, 1853, p. 11 ^ Pinkney, 1853, p. 14 ^ Pinkney, 1853, p. 81 ^ Pinkney, 1853, p. 17 ^ Wheaton, 1826, p.128 ^ Hayes, 2008, pp. 504–05 ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, William Pinkney ^ Pinkney, William, Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress


Hayes, Kevin J. (2008). The Road to Monticello: The Life and Mind of Thomas Jefferson. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-530758-0.  Ireland, Robert M. (1986). The legal career of William Pinkney, 1764-1822. Garland, 333 pages.   Book Pinkney, Reverend William (nephew) (1853). The life of William Pinkney. D. Appleton and Company, New York.   e'Book Wheaton, Henry (1826). Some account of the life, writings, and speeches of William Pinkney. J. W. Palmer & co.   e'Book "PINKNEY, William, (1764 - 1822)". Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress. Retrieved March 14, 2016.  "William Pinkney, United States
United States
statesman". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved March 14, 2016. 

External links[edit]

United States
United States
Congress. " William Pinkney
William Pinkney
(id: P000362)". Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress.  William Pinkney, Seventh Attorney General 1811-1814; U.S. Dept. of Justice

U.S. House of Representatives

Preceded by Benjamin Contee Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland's 3rd congressional district 1791 Succeeded by John Francis Mercer

Preceded by Alexander McKim Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland's 5th congressional district 1815–1816 Succeeded by Peter Little

Political offices

Preceded by James Williams Mayor of Annapolis 1794–1795 Succeeded by Allen Quynn

Legal offices

Preceded by Luther Martin Attorney General of Maryland 1805–1806 Succeeded by John Thomson Mason

Preceded by Caesar A. Rodney U.S. Attorney General Served under: James Madison 1811–1814 Succeeded by Richard Rush

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by James Monroe U.S. Minister to Great Britain 1807–1811 Succeeded by John Quincy Adams

Preceded by John Quincy Adams U.S. Minister to Russia 1816–1818 Succeeded by George W. Campbell

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Alexander C. Hanson U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Maryland 1819–1822 Served alongside: Edward Lloyd Succeeded by Samuel Smith

v t e

United States
United States
Attorneys General

18th century

Randolph Bradford Lee

19th century

Lincoln Breckinridge Rodney Pinkney Rush Wirt Berrien Taney Butler Grundy Gilpin Crittenden Legaré Nelson Mason Clifford Toucey Johnson Crittenden Cushing Black Stanton Bates Speed Stanbery Evarts Hoar Akerman Williams Pierrepont Taft Devens MacVeagh Brewster Garland Miller Olney Harmon McKenna Griggs

20th century

Knox Moody Bonaparte Wickersham McReynolds Gregory Palmer Daugherty Stone Sargent W. D. Mitchell Cummings Murphy Jackson Biddle T. C. Clark McGrath McGranery Brownell Rogers Kennedy Katzenbach R. Clark J. N. Mitchell Kleindienst Richardson Saxbe Levi Bell Civiletti Smith Meese Thornburgh Barr Reno

21st century

Ashcroft Gonzales Mukasey Holder Lynch Sessions

v t e

United States
United States
Senators from Maryland

Class 1

Carroll Potts Howard S. Smith Harper Hanson Pinkney S. Smith Kent Merrick Johnson Stewart Pratt Kennedy Johnson Whyte Hamilton Whyte Gorman McComas Rayner Jackson Lee France Bruce P. Goldsborough Radcliffe O'Conor Beall Sr. J. Tydings Beall Jr. Sarbanes Cardin

Class 3

Henry J. Lloyd Hindman Wright Reed R. Goldsborough E. Lloyd Chambers R. Goldsborough Spence Kerr Pearce Hicks Creswell Vickers Dennis Groome Wilson Gibson Wellington Gorman Whyte J. Smith Weller M. Tydings Butler Brewster Mathias Mikulski Van Hollen

v t e

Cabinet of President James Madison
James Madison

Secretary of State

Robert Smith (1809–11) James Monroe
James Monroe
(1811–14, 1815–17)

Secretary of the Treasury

Albert Gallatin
Albert Gallatin
(1809–14) George W. Campbell
George W. Campbell
(1814) Alexander J. Dallas (1814–16) William H. Crawford
William H. Crawford

Secretary of War

William Eustis
William Eustis
(1809–13) John Armstrong Jr.
John Armstrong Jr.
(1813–14) James Monroe
James Monroe
(1814–15) William H. Crawford
William H. Crawford
(1815–16) George Graham (1816–1817)

Attorney General

Caesar A. Rodney
Caesar A. Rodney
(1809–11) William Pinkney
William Pinkney
(1811–14) Richard Rush
Richard Rush

Postmaster General

Gideon Granger (1809–14) Return J. Meigs Jr.
Return J. Meigs Jr.

Secretary of the Navy

Paul Hamilton (1809–13) William Jones (1813–14) Benjamin W. Crowninshield (1814–17)

v t e

Ambassadors of the United States
United States
of America to the Court of St. James's

Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1785–1811

John Adams
John Adams
(1785–1788) Thomas Pinckney
Thomas Pinckney
(1792–1796) Rufus King
Rufus King
(1796–1803) James Monroe
James Monroe
(1803–1807) William Pinkney
William Pinkney
(1808–1811) Jonathan Russell
Jonathan Russell
(chargé d'affaires) (1811–1812)

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1815–1893

John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams
(1815–1817) Richard Rush
Richard Rush
(1818–1825) Rufus King
Rufus King
(1825–1826) Albert Gallatin
Albert Gallatin
(1826–1827) James Barbour
James Barbour
(1828–1829) Louis McLane
Louis McLane
(1829–1831) Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren
(1831–1832) Aaron Vail (chargé d'affaires) (1832–1836) Andrew Stevenson
Andrew Stevenson
(1836–1841) Edward Everett
Edward Everett
(1841–1845) Louis McLane
Louis McLane
(1845–1846) George Bancroft
George Bancroft
(1846–1849) Abbott Lawrence
Abbott Lawrence
(1849–1852) Joseph R. Ingersoll (1852–1853) James Buchanan
James Buchanan
(1853–1856) George M. Dallas
George M. Dallas
(1856–1861) Charles Adams Sr. (1861–1868) Reverdy Johnson
Reverdy Johnson
(1868–1869) John Lothrop Motley
John Lothrop Motley
(1869–1870) Robert C. Schenck
Robert C. Schenck
(1871–1876) Edwards Pierrepont
Edwards Pierrepont
(1876–1877) John Welsh (1877–1879) James Russell Lowell
James Russell Lowell
(1880–1885) Edward J. Phelps (1885–1889) Robert Todd Lincoln
Robert Todd Lincoln

Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's 1893–present

Thomas F. Bayard
Thomas F. Bayard
Sr. (1893–1897) John Hay
John Hay
(1897–1898) Joseph Choate (1899–1905) Whitelaw Reid
Whitelaw Reid
(1905–1912) Walter Page (1913-1918) John W. Davis
John W. Davis
(1918–1921) George Harvey (1921–1923) Frank B. Kellogg
Frank B. Kellogg
(1924–1925) Alanson B. Houghton
Alanson B. Houghton
(1925–1929) Charles G. Dawes
Charles G. Dawes
(1929–1931) Andrew W. Mellon
Andrew W. Mellon
(1932–1933) Robert Bingham (1933–1937) Joseph P. Kennedy (1938–1940) John G. Winant (1941–1946) W. Averell Harriman
W. Averell Harriman
(1946) Lewis W. Douglas (1947–1950) Walter S. Gifford (1950–1953) Winthrop W. Aldrich
Winthrop W. Aldrich
(1953–1957) John Hay
John Hay
Whitney (1957–1961) David K. E. Bruce (1961–1969) Walter H. Annenberg (1969–1974) Elliot L. Richardson (1975–1976) Anne Armstrong (1976–1977) Kingman Brewster Jr. (1977–1981) John J. Louis Jr. (1981–1983) Charles H. Price II
Charles H. Price II
(1983–1989) Henry E. Catto Jr. (1989–1991) Raymond G. H. Seitz (1991–1994) William J. Crowe
William J. Crowe
(1994–1997) Philip Lader
Philip Lader
(1997–2001) William Stamps Farish III
William Stamps Farish III
(2001–2004) Robert H. Tuttle
Robert H. Tuttle
(2005–2009) Louis Susman
Louis Susman
(2009–2013) Matthew Barzun
Matthew Barzun
(2013–2017) Woody Johnson
Woody Johnson
(2017– )

v t e

United States
United States
Ambassadors to Russia

Ambassador to the Russian Empire
Russian Empire

Dana Short Adams Bayard Pinkney Campbell Middleton Randolph Buchanan Dickerson Wilkins Clay Dallas Cambreleng Todd Ingersoll Bagby Brown Seymour Pickens Appleton Clay Cameron Clay Dawson Smythe Curtin Orr Jewell Boker Stoughton Foster Hunt Sargent Taft Lawton Lothrop Tree Rice Smith White Breckinridge Hitchcock Tower McCormick Meyer Riddle Rockhill Guild Pindell Marye Francis

Ambassador to the Soviet Union
Soviet Union

Bullitt Davies Steinhardt Standley Harriman Smith Kirk Kennan Bohlen Thompson Kohler Thompson Beam Stoessel Toon Watson Hartman Matlock Strauss

Ambassador to the Russian Federation (1992–present)

Strauss Pickering Collins Vershbow Burns Beyrle McFaul Tefft Huntsman

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 11149287 LCCN: n80097865 ISNI: 0000 0000 8060 2132 GND: 1051404843 SUDOC: 165150645 US Congress: P000362 SN