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William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(born August 29, 1935)[2] is an American film and television director, producer and screenwriter closely identified with the "New Hollywood" movement of the 1970s.[3][4] Beginning his career in documentaries in the early 1960’s, he is perhaps best known for directing The French Connection (1971) and The Exorcist (1973); the former of which won five Academy Awards; including Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Director. Some of his other films include the pioneering queer drama The Boys in the Band
The Boys in the Band
(1970), the international suspense thriller Sorcerer (1977), the highly controversial 1980 crime film Cruising (1980),[5][6] the action thriller To Live and Die in L.A. (1985), the psychological horror film Bug (2006), and the dark comedy Killer Joe (2011).

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Unfilmed projects 4 Archive 5 Personal life 6 Filmography (as director)

6.1 Film 6.2 Television

7 Awards 8 References

8.1 Bibliography 8.2 Further reading

9 External links

Early life[edit] Friedkin was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Rachael (née Green) and Louis Friedkin. His father was a semi-professional softball player, merchant seaman, and men's clothing salesman. His mother, whom Friedkin called "a saint," was an operating room registered nurse.[2] His parents were Jewish
Jewish
emigrants from Ukraine.[7] His grandparents, parents, and other relatives fled Ukraine
Ukraine
during a particularly violent anti- Jewish
Jewish
pogrom in 1903.[8] Friedkin's father was somewhat uninterested in making money, and the family was generally lower middle class while he was growing up.[2] According to film historian Peter Biskind, "Friedkin viewed his father with a mixture of affection and contempt for not making more of himself."[2] According to his memoir, The Friedkin Connection, Friedkin had the utmost affection for his father. Friedkin attended public schools in Chicago. He enrolled at Senn High School, where he played basketball well enough to consider turning professional.[9] Friedkin was not a serious student and barely received grades good enough to graduate,[10] which he did at the age of 16.[11] According to Friedkin, this was because of social promotion and not because he was bright.[12] Friedkin began going to movies as a teenager,[9] and has cited Citizen Kane as one of his key influences. Several sources claim that Friedkin saw this motion picture as a teenager,[13] but Friedkin himself says that he did not see the film until 1960, when he was 25 years old. Only then, Friedkin says, did he become a true cineaste.[14] Among the movies which he saw as a teenager and young adult were Les Diaboliques, The Wages of Fear, and Psycho (which he viewed repeatedly, like Citizen Kane). Televised documentaries, such as his Second City documentary A Tale of Two Cities, 1960's Harvest of Shame, also were important in his developing sense of cinema.[9] He began working in the mail room at WGN-TV
WGN-TV
immediately after high school.[15] Within two years (at the age of 18),[16] he started his directorial career doing live television shows and documentaries.[17] His efforts included The People vs. Paul Crump
The People vs. Paul Crump
(made with Bill Butler in 1962) which won an award at the San Francisco International Film Festival and contributed to the commutation of Crump's death sentence.[16][18] Its success helped Friedkin get a job with producer David L. Wolper.[16] Career[edit] As mentioned in Friedkin's voice-over commentary on the DVD re-release of Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo, Friedkin directed one of the last episodes of The Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
Hour in 1965, called "Off Season".[19] Hitchcock admonished Friedkin for not wearing a tie while directing.[20] In 1965 Friedkin moved to Hollywood and two years later released his first feature film, Good Times starring Sonny and Cher. 'Which I am telling you, is unwatchable.'[21] Several other "art" films followed, including the adaptation of Mart Crowley's The Boys in the Band
The Boys in the Band
and most notably The Birthday Party, based on an unpublished screenplay by Harold Pinter, which he adapted from his own play. Friedkin, however, did not want to be known as an art house director, but rather for action and serious drama through stories about an America upended by crime, hypocrisy, the occult, and amorality. All of which he mounted up into his films to reflect what was going on in an America that was changing in the wake of Vietnam, the Sexual Revolution, and Watergate. In 1971, his The French Connection was released to wide critical acclaim. Shot in a gritty style more suited for documentaries than Hollywood features, the film won five Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. Friedkin followed up with 1973's The Exorcist, based on William Peter Blatty's best-selling novel, which revolutionized the horror genre and is considered by some critics to be one of the greatest horror movies of all time.[citation needed] The Exorcist was nominated for 10 Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. It won the Best Screenplay and Best Sound Mixing. Following these two pictures, Friedkin, along with Francis Ford Coppola and Peter Bogdanovich, was deemed one of the premier directors of New Hollywood; In 1973 the trio announced the formation of an independent production company at Paramount, The Directors Company. Whereas Coppola directed The Conversation
The Conversation
and Bogdanovich, the Henry James adaptation, Daisy Miller, Friedkin abruptly left the company, which was soon closed by Paramount.[22] But Friedkin's later movies did not achieve the same success. Sorcerer (1977), a $22 million American remake of the French classic Wages of Fear, co-produced by both Universal and Paramount, starring Roy Scheider, was overshadowed by the blockbuster box-office success of Star Wars, which had been released exactly one week prior. Friedkin considers it his finest film, and was personally devastated by its financial and critical failure (as mentioned by Friedkin himself in the documentary series The Directors (1999)). Sorcerer was shortly followed by the crime-comedy The Brink's Job (1978), based on the real-life Great Brink's Robbery in Boston, Massachusetts, which was also unsuccessful at the box-office. In 1980, he directed an adaptation of the Gerald Walker crime thriller Cruising, starring Al Pacino, which was protested against even during its making and remains the subject of heated debate. The film was critically assailed, and was a financial disappointment.[23] Friedkin suffered a major heart attack on March 6, 1981. He had a genetically-caused defect in his circumflex left coronary artery, and nearly died. He spent months in rehabilitation.[24] Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, Friedkin's films received mostly lackluster reviews and moderate ticket sales. Deal of the Century (1983), starring Chevy Chase, Gregory Hines and Sigourney Weaver, was sometimes regarded as a latter-day Dr. Strangelove, though it was generally savaged by critics. However, his action/crime movie To Live and Die in L.A. (1985), starring William Petersen
William Petersen
and Willem Dafoe, was a critical favorite and drew comparisons to Friedkin's own The French Connection (particularly for its car-chase sequence), while his courtroom-drama/thriller Rampage (1987) received a fairly positive review from Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
despite major distribution problems. He next directed the horror film The Guardian (1990) and then the thriller Jade (1995), starring Linda Fiorentino; the latter film received a somewhat favorable response from critics and audiences. Friedkin even said that Jade was the favorite of all the films he had made,[25] as is Sorcerer.[26] In 2000, The Exorcist was re-released in theaters with extra footage and grossed $40 million in the U.S. alone. Friedkin's involvement in 2007's Bug resulted from a positive experience watching the stage version in 2004. He was surprised to find that he was, metaphorically, on the same page as the playwright and felt that he could relate well to the story.[27] The film won the FIPRESCI prize at the Cannes Film Festival. Later, Friedkin directed an episode of the TV series CSI: Crime Scene Investigation titled "Cockroaches," which re-teamed him with To Live and Die in L.A. star William Petersen. He directed again for CSI's 200th episode, "Mascara." In June 2010, author William Peter Blatty, promoting his latest novel, revealed that Friedkin had committed to direct the feature film adaptation of his thriller, Dimiter.[28] This would mark almost forty years since their previous collaboration, The Exorcist, not counting the failed collaboration between the two on The Exorcist III. The idea for the book itself actually came to Blatty while sitting in Friedkin's office in 1972 during the first film's production, as he read an article concerning the then atheist-run state of Albania executing a priest for baptizing a newborn infant.[29] He had worked on it on and off ever since 1974, and, upon its completion, sat down with Friedkin for a one-on-one interview in The Huffington Post
The Huffington Post
a few days after Blatty named Friedkin as attached to direct. According to the author, his friend and director had been eager to adapt the story. In 2011 Friedkin directed Killer Joe, a black comedy written by Tracy Letts, and starring Matthew McConaughey, Emile Hirsch, Juno Temple, Gina Gershon, and Thomas Haden Church. Killer Joe premiered at the 68th Venice International Film
Film
Festival, prior to its North American debut at the 2011 Toronto International Film
Film
Festival. It opened in U.S. theaters in July 2012, to some favorable reviews from critics but did poorly at the box office, possibly because of its restrictive NC-17 rating. In April 2013 Friedkin published a memoir, The Friedkin Connection.[30] He was presented with a lifetime achievement award at the 70th Venice International Film
Film
Festival in September.[31] Unfilmed projects[edit] Friedkin has been to an array of unrealized projects over the years, ranging from an account of the Florence Maybrick
Florence Maybrick
murder trial, Battle Grease,[32] to an adaptation of the Frank De Felitta suspense novel Sea Trial[33] the horror thriller A Safe Darkness, the cop thriller Bump City, and the UFO thriller The Devil's Triangle.[34] Archive[edit] The moving image collection of William Friedkin
William Friedkin
is held at the Academy Film
Film
Archive. The material at the Academy Film
Film
Archive is complemented by material in the William Friedkin
William Friedkin
papers at the Academy’s Margaret Herrick Library.[35] Personal life[edit]

William Friedkin
William Friedkin
and Sherry Lansing
Sherry Lansing
at the Deauville American Film Festival in 2012

William Friedkin
William Friedkin
has been married four times:

Jeanne Moreau, married February 8, 1977,[36] and divorced in 1979.[37] Lesley-Anne Down, married in 1982[38] and divorced in 1985.[39] Kelly Lange, married on June 7, 1987,[40] and divorced in 1990.[41] Sherry Lansing, married on July 6, 1991.[42][43]

While he was filming The Boys in the Band
The Boys in the Band
in 1970, Friedkin began a relationship with Kitty Hawks, daughter of director Howard Hawks. It lasted two years, during which the couple announced their engagement, but the relationship ended about 1972.[44] Friedkin began a four-year relationship with Australian dancer and choreographer Jennifer Nairn-Smith in 1972. Although they announced an engagement twice, they never married. They did, however, have a son, Cedric, born on November 27, 1976.[45] Friedkin and his second wife, Lesley-Anne Down, also had a son, Jack, born in 1983.[39] Friedkin was raised Jewish, but became an agnostic later in life.[46] However, during an appearance and Q&A at a 40th anniversary screening of The Exorcist at the 2013 Dallas International Film
Film
Festival, Friedkin revealed that he "believes strongly in God" and "the teachings of Jesus" and other religious figures, and that we are "in God's hands."[47] Filmography (as director)[edit] Film[edit]

Year Title Notes

1967 Good Times

1968 Birthday Party, TheThe Birthday Party

Night They Raided Minsky's, TheThe Night They Raided Minsky's

1970 Boys in the Band, TheThe Boys in the Band

1971 French Connection, TheThe French Connection Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement Golden Globe Award for Best Director Nominated — BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for Best Direction

1973 Exorcist, TheThe Exorcist Empire Movie Masterpiece Award Golden Globe Award for Best Director Nominated — Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director Nominated — Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement

1977 Sorcerer Also producer

1978 Brink's Job, TheThe Brink's Job

1980 Cruising Also writer Nominated — Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Director Nominated — Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Screenplay

1983 Deal of the Century

1985 To Live and Die in L.A. Also writer Festival du Film
Film
Policier de Cognac Audience Award

1987 Rampage Also producer and writer Nominated — Saturn Award
Saturn Award
for Best Direction Nominated — Deauville Film
Film
Festival Critics Award

1990 Guardian, TheThe Guardian Also writer

1994 Blue Chips

1995 Jade

2000 Rules of Engagement

2003 Hunted, TheThe Hunted

2006 Bug FIPRESCI Prize Quinzaine des Réalisateurs Nominated - C.I.C.A.E. Award

2011 Killer Joe[48] Venice Film
Film
Festival Golden Mouse Award Nominated — Saturn Award
Saturn Award
for Best Director Nominated — Filmfest München Arri Award for Best International Film Nominated — Venice Film
Film
Festival Golden Lion Award

2017 The Devil and Father Amorth Documentary

Television[edit]

Year Title Notes

1962 The People vs. Paul Crump Documentary

1965 The Bold Men

The Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
Hour Episode: "Off Season"

Mayhem on a Sunday Afternoon Documentary

1966 The Thin Blue Line

1985 The Twilight Zone Episode: "Nightcrawlers"

1986 C.A.T. Squad Television
Television
film; also executive producer

1988 C.A.T. Squad: Python Wolf

1992 Tales from the Crypt Episode: "On a Deadman's Chest"

1994 Jailbreakers Television
Television
film

1997 12 Angry Men

2007 2009 CSI: Crime Scene Investigation Episode: "Cockroaches" and "Mascara"

Awards[edit]

Year Award Category Title Result

1972 Academy Award Best Director The French Connection Won

Directors Guild of America Outstanding Directorial Achievement Won

Golden Globes Best Director Won

1973 BAFTA Award Best Director The French Connection Nominated

1974 Academy Award Best Director The Exorcist Nominated

Directors Guild of America Outstanding Directorial Achievement Nominated

Golden Globes Best Director Won

1981 Razzie Awards Worst Director Cruising Nominated

Worst Screenplay Nominated

1986 Cognac Festival du Film
Film
Policier Audience Award To Live and Die in L.A. Won

1988 Deauville Film
Film
Festival Critics Award Rampage Nominated

1991 Saturn Award George Pal Memorial Award

Won

1993 Best Director Rampage Nominated

1998 Directors Guild of America Outstanding Directorial Achievement 12 Angry Men Nominated

Primetime Emmy Awards Best Director Nominated

1999 Saturn Award President's Award

Won

Empire Awards Movie Masterpiece Award The Exorcist Won

2000 Palm Beach International Film
Film
Festival Lifetime Achievement Award

Won

2006 Cannes Film
Film
Festival FIPRESCI Bug Won

2007 Munich Film
Film
Festival CineMerit Award

Won

Sitges - Catalan International Film
Film
Festival Time-Machine Honorary Award

Won

2009 Locarno International Film
Film
Festival Leopard of Honor

Won

2011 Venice Film
Film
Festival Golden Lion Killer Joe Nominated

Golden Mouse Won

2013 Belgian Film
Film
Critics Association Grand Prix Nominated

Saturn Award Best Director Nominated

Lifetime Achievement Award

Won

Venice Film
Film
Festival Special
Special
Lion

Won

References[edit]

^ "William Friedkin".  ^ a b c d Biskind, p. 200. ^ "The American New Wave: A Retrospective H-Announce H-Net". networks.h-net.org. Retrieved 2018-02-19.  ^ "June 1977: When New Hollywood Got Weird". The Film
Film
Stage. 2017-06-21. Retrieved 2018-02-19.  ^ "The Controversy of CRUISING Cinematheque". cinema.wisc.edu. Retrieved 2018-02-19.  ^ Guthmann, Edward (1980). "THE CRUISING CONTROVERSY: William Friedkin vs. the Gay Community". Cinéaste. 10 (3): 2–8.  ^ Pfefferman, Naomi. "'Killer Joe's' William Friedkin: 'I Could Have Been a Very Violent Person'." Jewish
Jewish
Journal. August 2, 2012. Accessed 2013-04-29. ^ Friedkin, The Friedkin Connection, p. 1. ^ a b c Biskind, p. 201. ^ Segaloff, p. 25. ^ Wakeman, p. 372. ^ Friedkin, Conversations at the American Film
Film
Institute..., p. 186. ^ Emery, p. 237; Claggett, p. 3. ^ Friedkin, The Friedkin Connection, p. 9. ^ Stevens, p. 184. ^ a b c Walker and Johnson, p. 15. ^ Derry, p. 361; Edmonds and Mimura, p. 211. ^ Hamm, p. 86-87. ^ "Off Season 1965". IMDb. p. 2. Retrieved September 8, 2009.  ^ "Vertigo: The Legacy Series" Universal, 2008 ^ The Directors: William Friedkin  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Bart, Peter (2011-05-09). Infamous Players: A Tale of Movies, the Mob, (and Sex). Weinstein Books.  ^ Segaloff, Nat (1990-01-01). Hurricane Billy: The Stormy Life and Films of William Friedkin. New York: William Morrow & Co. ISBN 9780688078522.  ^ Biskind, p. 413. ^ William, Linda Ruth (2005). The Erotic Thriller in Contemporary Cinema. Indiana University Press. p. 140. ISBN 0-253-21836-5.  ^ Goldmann, A.J. (9 July 2016). "'I never thought my films would find a large audience': William Friedkin
William Friedkin
interviewed". The Spectator. Retrieved 5 July 2017.  ^ "EXCL: Bug Director William Friedkin".  ^ "Crazy by William Peter Blatty", authorsontourlive.com, June 30, 2010 ^ Friedkin, William (July 6, 2010). "A Quiet Little Thriller". The Huffington Post. Retrieved September 21, 2016.  ^ Friedkin, William. The Friedkin Connection: A Memoir. New York: HarperCollins, 2013. ^ " William Friedkin
William Friedkin
to receive Venice honour". BBC News.  ^ " William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(II)". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-10-26.  ^ Hefner, Hugh M., ed. (1981-01-01). Playboy Magazine, July 1981. Playboy.  ^ Clagett, Thomas D. (2002-08-01). William Friedkin: Films of Aberration, Obsession and Reality (2nd Revised ed.). Los Angeles, Calif.: Silman-James Press. ISBN 9781879505612.  ^ " William Friedkin
William Friedkin
Collection". Academy Film
Film
Archive.  ^ Martin, Judith. "Personalities." Washington Post. February 9, 1977, p. B3. ^ "Filing for Divorce." Newsweek. June 25, 1979, p. 99. ^ Sanders, Richard. "Director Billy Friedkin and Lesley-Anne Down
Lesley-Anne Down
Make a Home Movie-Divorce Hollywood Style." People. September 2, 1985. Accessed 2013-04-29. ^ a b "Names in the News." Associated Press. August 15, 1985. ^ "Director William Friedkin
William Friedkin
Marries News Anchor Kelly Lange." Ocala Star-Banner. July 29, 1987, p. 2A. Accessed 2013-04-29. ^ Ryon, Ruth. "Still Anchored in the Hills." Los Angeles Times. May 31, 1992. Accessed 2013-04-29. ^ Anderson, Susan Heller. "Chronicle." New York Times. July 11, 1991. Accessed 2013-04-29. ^ Teetor, Paul. "'The Exorcist' Director William Friedkin
William Friedkin
Tells All in His No-Bullshit Memoir." Los Angeles Times. April 11, 2013. Accessed 2013-04-29. ^ Segaloff, p. 98. ^ " William Friedkin
William Friedkin
– Biography." Movies.Yahoo.com. 2013, accessed 2013-04-29; "Failing Better Every Time." Sunday Independent. July 1, 2012. ^ The Exorcist & The French Connection Dir. William Friedkin
William Friedkin
on Religion, Crime & Film
Film
on YouTube ^ William Friedkin, director of THE EXORCIST at the 2013 Dallas International Film
Film
Festival on YouTube ^ "Venezia 68: International competition of feature films". Venice. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved August 28, 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]

Friedkin, William. The Friedkin Connection: A Memoir. New York: HarperCollins, 2013. ISBN 978-0-06-177512-3 Friedkin, William. Conversations at the American Film
Film
Institute With the Great Moviemakers: The Next Generation. George Stevens, Jr., ed. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2012. ISBN 978-0-307-27347-5

Further reading[edit]

Biskind, Peter. Easy Riders, Raging Bulls: How the Sex-Drugs-And Rock 'N Roll Generation Saved Hollywood. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1998. ISBN 0-684-80996-6 Claggett, Thomas D. William Friedkin: Films of Aberration, Obsession, and Reality. Los Angeles: Silman-James Press, 2003. ISBN 0-89950-262-8 Derry, Charles, ed. Dark Dreams 2.0: A Psychological History of the Modern Horror Film
Film
From the 1950s to the 21st Century. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2009. ISBN 978-0-7864-3397-1 Edmonds, I. G. and Mimura, Reiko. The Oscar Directors. San Diego: A.S. Barnes, 1980. ISBN 0-498-02444-X Emery, Robert J., ed. The Directors: In Their Own Words. Vol. 2. New York: TV Books, 1999. ISBN 1-57500-129-2 Hamm, Theodore. Rebel and a Cause: Caryl Chessman and the Politics of the Death Penalty in Postwar California, 1948–1974. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 2001. ISBN 0-520-22427-2 Segaloff, Nat. Hurricane Billy: The Stormy Life and Films of William Friedkin. New York: Morrow, 1990. ISBN 0-688-07852-4 Stevens, Jr., George, ed. Conversations at the American Film
Film
Institute With the Great Moviemakers: The Next Generation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2012. ISBN 978-0-307-27347-5 Wakeman, John. World Film
Film
Directors, 1945–1985. New York: Wilson, 1988. ISBN 0-8242-0757-2 Walker, Elsie M. and Johnson, David T., eds. Conversations With Directors: An Anthology of Interviews From 'Literature/Film Quarterly'. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-8108-6122-0

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to William Friedkin.

William Friedkin
William Friedkin
on IMDb William Friedkin
William Friedkin
at the TCM Movie Database William Friedkin
William Friedkin
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
"From 'Popeye' Doyle to Puccini: William Friedkin" NPR's Robert Siegel interviews Friedkin, September 14, 2006 EXCL: Bug Director William Friedkin The Reeler interview with Friedkin William Friedkin
William Friedkin
papers, Margaret Herrick Library, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

v t e

Films directed by William Friedkin

Feature Films

Good Times (1967) The Birthday Party (1968) The Night They Raided Minsky's
The Night They Raided Minsky's
(1968) The Boys in the Band
The Boys in the Band
(1970) The French Connection (1971) The Exorcist (1973) Sorcerer (1977) The Brink's Job
The Brink's Job
(1978) Cruising (1980) Deal of the Century
Deal of the Century
(1983) To Live and Die in L.A. (1985) Rampage (1987) The Guardian (1990) Blue Chips (1994) Jade (1995) Rules of Engagement
Engagement
(2000) The Hunted (2003) Bug (2006) Killer Joe (2011)

Television

C.A.T. Squad
C.A.T. Squad
(1986) C.A.T. Squad: Python Wolf (1988) Jailbreakers
Jailbreakers
(1994) 12 Angry Men (1997)

Documentaries

The People vs. Paul Crump
The People vs. Paul Crump
(1962) The Bold Men (1965) Mayhem on a Sunday Afternoon (1965) The Thin Blue Line (1966) The Devil and Father Amorth
The Devil and Father Amorth
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Directors Guild of America
Directors Guild of America
Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Golden Globe Award for Best Director

Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1960) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) David Lean
David Lean
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller
Arthur Hiller
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 100235701 LCCN: n77007077 ISNI: 0000 0001 1816 380X GND: 11899915X SUDOC: 050345206 BNF: cb13894172x (data) BNE: XX1107033 SN

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