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William Bart "Bill" Saxbe (/ˈsæks.biː/; June 24, 1916 – August 24, 2010) was an American politician affiliated with the Republican Party, who served as a U.S. Senator for Ohio, and was the Attorney General for Presidents Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford, and as the U.S. Ambassador to India. At the time of his death, Saxbe was an oldest living Republican Senator and the second-oldest living Senator overall (after Harry F. Byrd, Jr., of Virginia).

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Higher political office 3 Personal life 4 References 5 External links

Early life and career[edit]

Saxbe's law offices, in Mechanicsburg, Ohio.

Saxbe was born 1916 in Mechanicsburg, Ohio, the son of Faye Henry (née Carey) "Maggie" Saxbe, and Bart Rockwell Saxbe.[1] He received a bachelor's degree, from the Ohio
Ohio
State University, Class of 1940, where he was a member of the Chi Phi Fraternity. He served in the U.S. Army Air Corps, during World War II, from 1940 to 1945, and Korean War, from 1951 to 1952.[2] When he returned from World War II, he entered Ohio
Ohio
State University law school. However, while still in law school, he campaigned for the Ohio
Ohio
House of Representatives during 1947, and won. During 1948, when Saxbe was near the end of second term, he received a law degree. He remained in the Ohio
Ohio
National Guard and was on active duty during the Korean War, from 1951 to 1952. He was discharged from the reserve with the rank of colonel during 1963.[2] He served as the Ohio
Ohio
House majority leader during 1951 and 1952, and as speaker of the House during 1953 and 1954. Higher political office[edit] During 1957, Saxbe was elected Ohio
Ohio
Attorney General, defeating Democrat Stephen M. Young. He was re-elected three times and had that office until 1968. In this capacity, Saxbe argued the murder case of Doctor Sam Sheppard
Sam Sheppard
before the United States
United States
Supreme Court during 1966, against Sheppard's attorney F. Lee Bailey. He was a member of the Ohio
Ohio
Crime Commission from 1967 to 1968. During 1968, Saxbe was elected to the U.S. Senate, defeating the Democratic candidate, former Ohio
Ohio
Rep. (1965–67) John J. Gilligan. He served in the Senate until January 4, 1974, when he was appointed U.S. Attorney General by President Nixon.[3] Saxbe was the permanent replacement for Elliot Richardson, who had been dismissed by Nixon during the Watergate scandal's so-called "Saturday Night Massacre". Saxbe took over from Solicitor General Robert Bork, who had served as acting Attorney General after the "Massacre". There was some minor controversy regarding Saxbe's appointment and the Ineligibility Clause
Ineligibility Clause
of the Constitution. That provision states that a legislator cannot be appointed to an executive position during the same term that the legislature had voted to increase the salary of said position. Nixon addressed the problem by having Congress reduce the salary of the Attorney General to $35,000,[4] as it was before Saxbe's term in the Senate began. This maneuver had only occurred once before, when Senator Philander C. Knox
Philander C. Knox
had been appointed Secretary of State during 1909,[5] and has since become known as the "Saxbe fix". Because there was not any perception that anything intentional had been done to benefit Saxbe, the matter was largely ignored. As Attorney General for Nixon, Saxbe supervised the antitrust suit that ended the Bell System telephone monopoly.[6] Gilligan, who had been elected Governor of Ohio
Ohio
during 1970, appointed Howard Metzenbaum
Howard Metzenbaum
to serve Saxbe's vacated term. Later that year, former astronaut John Glenn, another Democrat, was elected to replace Saxbe. Saxbe served as U.S. Attorney General for the first few months of the President Ford Administration, before the resigning during early 1975, when he was appointed United States
United States
Ambassador to India. He served in that capacity until 1977. After that, Saxbe returned to Mechanicsburg and resumed the practice of law. Personal life[edit] During 1940, Saxbe married the former Ardath Louise "Dolly" Kleinhans.[2] They had three children: William Bart Saxbe, Jr., Juliet Louise "Juli" Saxbe Spitzer, and Charles Rockwell "Rocky" Saxbe. Charles Saxbe served four terms in Ohio
Ohio
House of Representatives, and later as an attorney in private practice. Saxbe was known for his quips. Asked about Sen. Robert Dole, he commented that Dole was so unpopular with his fellow senators that he "couldn't sell beer on a troop ship".[7] He died in his hometown of Mechanicsburg, Ohio
Ohio
at the age of 94 during August 2010.[8] References[edit]

^ William B. Saxbe, Peter D. Franklin, Diana Britt Franklin I've seen the elephant page 7 (Accessed February 14, 2010) ^ a b c West's Encyclopedia of American Law (accessed February 14, 2010) ^ "William Bart Saxbe". The United States
United States
Department of Justice.  ^ Deseret News, 8 December 1973, p. A1 ^ "Way Clear For Knox to Enter Cabinet" (PDF). The New York Times. 1909-02-16. Retrieved 2011-06-15.  ^ O'Connor, Anahad (25 August 2010). "William Saxbe, Attorney General During Watergate Inquiry, Dies at 94". New York Times. Retrieved 7 October 2014.  ^ "First Out of the Chute: Bob Dole". The New York Times. June 19, 1994. p. 16. Retrieved June 28, 2013.  ^ Albrecht, Brian (24 August 2010). "Former U.S. Sen. William B. Saxbe dies at age 94". Cleveland Plain Dealer. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to William B. Saxbe.

United States
United States
Congress. " William B. Saxbe
William B. Saxbe
(id: S000096)". Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress.  Appearances on C-SPAN

Offices and distinctions

Political offices

Preceded by Gordon Renner Speaker of the Ohio
Ohio
House of Representatives 1953–1955 Succeeded by Roger Cloud

Legal offices

Preceded by C. William O'Neill Attorney General of Ohio 1957–1959 Succeeded by Mark McElroy

Preceded by Mark McElroy Attorney General of Ohio 1963–1969 Succeeded by Paul W. Brown

Preceded by Robert Bork Acting United States
United States
Attorney General 1974–1975 Succeeded by Edward H. Levi

Party political offices

Preceded by John M. Briley Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Ohio (Class 3) 1968 Succeeded by Ralph Perk

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Frank Lausche U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Ohio 1969–1974 Served alongside: Stephen M. Young, Robert Taft Jr. Succeeded by Howard Metzenbaum

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by Pat Moynihan United States
United States
Ambassador to India 1975–1976 Succeeded by Robert F. Goheen

Articles and topics related to William B. Saxbe

v t e

United States
United States
Senators from Ohio

Class 1

Smith Meigs Worthington Kerr Ruggles Morris Tappan Corwin Ewing Wade Thurman Sherman Hanna Dick Pomerene Fess Donahey H. Burton Huffman K. Taft Bricker Young R. Taft, Jr. Metzenbaum DeWine S. Brown

Class 3

Worthington Tiffin Griswold Campbell Morrow Trimble E. Brown Harrison Burnet Ewing Allen Chase Pugh Chase Sherman Matthews Pendleton Payne Brice Foraker T. Burton Harding Willis Locher T. Burton McCulloch Bulkley R. Taft, Sr. Burke Bender Lausche Saxbe Metzenbaum Glenn Voinovich Portman

v t e

United States
United States
Attorneys General

18th century

Randolph Bradford Lee

19th century

Lincoln Breckinridge Rodney Pinkney Rush Wirt Berrien Taney Butler Grundy Gilpin Crittenden Legaré Nelson Mason Clifford Toucey Johnson Crittenden Cushing Black Stanton Bates Speed Stanbery Evarts Hoar Akerman Williams Pierrepont Taft Devens MacVeagh Brewster Garland Miller Olney Harmon McKenna Griggs

20th century

Knox Moody Bonaparte Wickersham McReynolds Gregory Palmer Daugherty Stone Sargent W. D. Mitchell Cummings Murphy Jackson Biddle T. C. Clark McGrath McGranery Brownell Rogers Kennedy Katzenbach R. Clark J. N. Mitchell Kleindienst Richardson Saxbe Levi Bell Civiletti Smith Meese Thornburgh Barr Reno

21st century

Ashcroft Gonzales Mukasey Holder Lynch Sessions

v t e

United States
United States
Ambassadors to India

Henry F. Grady Loy W. Henderson Chester Bowles George V. Allen John Sherman
John Sherman
Cooper Ellsworth Bunker John Kenneth Galbraith Chester Bowles Kenneth Keating Daniel Patrick Moynihan William B. Saxbe Robert F. Goheen Harry G. Barnes Jr. John Gunther Dean John R. Hubbard William Clark Jr. Thomas R. Pickering Frank G. Wisner Dick Celeste Robert Blackwill David Mulford Tim Roemer Nancy Jo Powell Richard Verma Kenneth Juster

v t e

Cabinet of President Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1969–74)

Vice President

Spiro T. Agnew (1969–73) None (1973) Gerald R. Ford (1973–74)

Secretary of State

William P. Rogers
William P. Rogers
(1969–73) Henry A. Kissinger (1973–74)

Secretary of the Treasury

David M. Kennedy
David M. Kennedy
(1969–71) John B. Connally (1971–72) George P. Shultz
George P. Shultz
(1972–74) William E. Simon
William E. Simon
(1974)

Secretary of Defense

Melvin R. Laird (1969–73) Elliot L. Richardson (1973) James R. Schlesinger
James R. Schlesinger
(1973–74)

Attorney General

John N. Mitchell
John N. Mitchell
(1969–72) Richard G. Kleindienst (1972–73) Elliot L. Richardson (1973) William B. Saxbe
William B. Saxbe
(1974)

Postmaster General

Winton M. Blount
Winton M. Blount
(1969–71)

Secretary of the Interior

Walter J. Hickel (1969–70) Rogers C. B. Morton (1970–74)

Secretary of Agriculture

Clifford M. Hardin
Clifford M. Hardin
(1969–71) Earl L. Butz (1971–74)

Secretary of Commerce

Maurice H. Stans (1969–72) Peter G. Peterson (1972–73) Frederick B. Dent
Frederick B. Dent
(1973–74)

Secretary of Labor

George P. Shultz
George P. Shultz
(1969–70) James D. Hodgson (1970–73) Peter J. Brennan
Peter J. Brennan
(1973–74)

Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare

Robert H. Finch (1969–70) Elliot L. Richardson (1970–73) Caspar W. Weinberger (1973–74)

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

George W. Romney
George W. Romney
(1969–73) James T. Lynn (1973–74)

Secretary of Transportation

John Volpe
John Volpe
(1969–73) Claude S. Brinegar (1973–74)

v t e

Cabinet of President Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
(1974–77)

Cabinet

Secretary of State

Henry A. Kissinger (1974–77)

Secretary of the Treasury

William E. Simon
William E. Simon
(1974–77)

Secretary of Defense

James R. Schlesinger
James R. Schlesinger
(1974–75) Donald H. Rumsfeld (1975–77)

Attorney General

William B. Saxbe
William B. Saxbe
(1974–75) Edward H. Levi (1975–77)

Secretary of the Interior

Rogers C. B. Morton (1974–75) Stanley K. Hathaway
Stanley K. Hathaway
(1975) Thomas S. Kleppe
Thomas S. Kleppe
(1975–77)

Secretary of Agriculture

Earl L. Butz (1974–76) John A. Knebel (1976–77)

Secretary of Commerce

Frederick B. Dent
Frederick B. Dent
(1974–75) Rogers C. B. Morton (1975–76) Elliot L. Richardson (1976–77)

Secretary of Labor

Peter J. Brennan
Peter J. Brennan
(1974–75) John T. Dunlop (1975–76) W. J. Usery Jr. (1976–77)

Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare

Caspar W. Weinberger (1974–75) F. David Mathews
F. David Mathews
(1975–77)

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

James T. Lynn (1974–75) Carla A. Hills (1975–77)

Secretary of Transportation

Claude S. Brinegar (1974–75) William T. Coleman Jr. (1975–77)

Cabinet-level

Vice President

None (1974) Nelson A. Rockefeller (1974–77)

White House Chief of Staff

Alexander M. Haig Jr. (1974) Donald H. Rumsfeld (1974–75) Richard B. Cheney (1975–77)

Director of the Office of Management and Budget

Roy L. Ash (1974–75) James T. Lynn (1975–76)

Director of Central Intelligence

William E. Colby (1974–76) George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(1976–77)

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency

Russell E. Train (1974–77)

Special
Special
Representative for Trade Negotiations

William D. Eberle (1974–75) Frederick B. Dent
Frederick B. Dent
(1975–77)

Ambassador to the United Nations

John A. Scali
John A. Scali
(1974–75) Daniel P. Moynihan (1975–76) William W. Scranton (1976–77)

v t e

Ohio
Ohio
Attorneys General

Stanbery McCormick Pugh McCook Kimball Wolcott Murray Critchfield Richardson Olds West Pond Little Pillars Nash Hollingsworth Lawrence Kohler Watson Richards Monnette Sheets Ellis Denman Hogan Turner McGhee Price Crabbe Turner Bettman Bricker Duffy Herbert Jenkins Duffy O'Neill Saxbe McElroy Saxbe Brown, P. Brown, W. Celebrezze Fisher Montgomery Petro Dann Rogers Cordray DeWine

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 8628503 LCCN: n50015661 US Congress: S000096 SN

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