Wilhelmshaven (meaning William's Harbour; German pronunciation:
[vɪlhɛlmsˈhaːfn̩]) is a coastal town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It
is situated on the western side of the Jade Bight, a bay of the North
Wilhelmshaven is the centre of the "JadeBay" business region
(which has around 330,000 inhabitants).
Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park (part of the
UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site) provides the basis for
the major tourism industry in the region.
1.1 World War II
1.2 Since 1945
5 International relations
5.1 Twin towns – Sister cities
6 See also
9 External links
The Siebethsburg castle (de), built before 1383, operated as a
pirate stronghold; the
Hanseatic League destroyed it in 1433. Four
centuries later, the
Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia planned a fleet and a harbour
on the North Sea. In 1853, Prince Adalbert of Prussia, a cousin of the
Prussian King Frederick William IV, arranged the Jade Treaty
(Jade-Vertrag) with the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, in which Prussia and
the Grand Duchy entered into a contract whereby Oldenburg ceded 3.13
square kilometres (1.21 square miles) of its territory at the Jade
Bight to Prussia. In 1869 King
William I of Prussia
William I of Prussia (later also German
Emperor) founded the town as an exclave of the
Province of Hanover
Province of Hanover and
a naval base for Prussia's developing fleet. All the hinterland of the
city remained as part of the Duchy of Oldenburg.
A shipbuilding yard developed at Wilhelmshaven, the Kaiserliche Werft
Wilhelmshaven Imperial Shipyard). On 30 June 1934 the
"pocket battleship" Admiral Graf Spee was launched at Wilhelmshaven.
Rüstringen merged and the united city,
named Wilhelmshaven, became a part of the Free State of Oldenburg.
World War II
See also: Bombing of
Wilhelmshaven in World War II
World War II
World War II (1939-1945), Allied bombing destroyed two thirds of
the town's buildings while the main target Naval Shipyard
Wilhelmshaven were still working though there were serious damages.
On 28 April 1945, the Canadian First Army captured
Wilhelmshaven, Germany, and took the surrender of the entire garrison,
including some 200 ships of the Kriegsmarine. The Poles remained as
part of the allied occupation forces until 1947. During World War II
Alter Banter Weg (No. 1582 Wilhelmshaven) functioned as a subcamp of
the Neuengamme concentration camp.
In 1947 the city council decided to seek a new emblem for the city.
After the Control Commission for
Germany - British Element (CCG/BE)
had rejected several designs,
Wilhelmshaven selected the image of a
Frisian warrior (Rüstringer Friese), designed after a nail man
erected in the city during the First World War to collect war
Between 1947 and 1972
Wilhelmshaven was the home of PRINCE RUPERT
SCHOOL, a comprehensive boarding school for children of British Army
and RAF personnel serving with BAOR. The school relocated to Rinteln
in 1972. There is an active association of former
Wilhelmshaven Association. After "World War II" the
shipyard was totally disarmed under the british Commander in Chief,
and of course many military buildings were damaged or vacant. While it
was prohibited to develop any kind of military linked business
Wilhelmshaven took the chance to establish a convenient location for
the Olympia Werke which become one of the most popular and quality
typewriter factories in the world. In 1953 7000 worker were employed.
Wilhelmshaven and its city districts
Wilhelmshaven is Germany's only deep-water port, and its largest naval
base. Concerning the new plans for the
Bundeswehr which took shape in
2011 it has become the largest military base in
Germany as well.
The benefits of the deep shipping channel were already recognised at
the end of the 1950s with the construction of the first oil tanker
Wilhelmshaven has been the most important German import
terminal for crude oil ever since. Pipelines from here supply
refineries in the Rhine-Ruhr region and Hamburg. Other major business
operations followed, and constructed jetties for crude oil and oil
products, coal, and chemical products.
One of the main industrial sectors in
Wilhelmshaven is the port
industry with its wharfs, sea port service companies, service
providers and repair businesses, transhipment and handling businesses,
and agencies, etc. The "JadeWeserPort" – Container Terminal
Wilhelmshaven (CTW), operational since 2012 and the development of the
neighbouring Freight Village provide prospects for employment in areas
such as logistics and distribution. In 2016 Eurogate increased
transhipment volume up to 480.000 Container (TEU). And while
Volkswagen is interested to use the deep-water facilities the number
of employed workers is assumed to rise form 400 to 600.
Another element of the "
Wilhelmshaven energy hub" programme is the
chemical industry (refinery, PVC, and chlorine gas production), as
well as power generation (two coal-fired power stations, wind power).
The German defence forces (German Navy, navy arsenal, logistics
centre) together with the public sector, are the main pillars of the
local employment market.
The Jadestadion, the stadium of SV Wilhelmshaven
The Jadestadion, the stadium of
Regionalliga Nord club SV
Aquarium Wilhelmshaven, located on the Helgolandkai – a view of the
oceans and underwater habitats around the world.
The Botanischer Garten der Stadt Wilhelmshaven, a municipal botanical
The Deutsches Marinemuseum (Navy Museum), whose main exhibits are the
German Navy destroyer Mölders (D186), a submarine, and some
smaller warships as well as an exhibition of German naval history from
the 19th century onwards.
UNESCO World Heritage Site Wadden Sea Visitor center. The large
permanent interactive exhibition provides insight into the wadden sea
environment. One of the special displays is the 14 metre long skeleton
of a sperm whale which beached on the island of Baltrum in 1994 and
weighed 39 tonnes when alive. The whale´s organs were plastinized by
Gunther von Hagens.
The Küstenmuseum (Coastal Museum). The exhibition displays a broad
spectrum of the past, present and future of the coast.
The Bontekai, city harbor jetty, featuring the former light vessel
"Weser" and the steam engine powered buoy layer "Kapitän Meyer", an
active museum ship. During the "Jade Weekend" (late June) it is berth
of tall sailing ships, too.
The double swing bridge
Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke ("Emperor Wilhelm
Bridge") crosses an inlet of the Jade Bight. It was built from 1905 to
1907 and is considered to be Wilhelmshaven´s landmark.
The Town Hall (Rathaus), a large brick building, constructed from 1927
to 1929 by the architect
Fritz Höger as the town hall of the city of
The oldest church of the city is the St Jakobi Church at Neuende which
was built in about 1383 under the direction of the chieftain of Jever
Edo Wiemken. Source(etwa ab 1383 unter dem jeverschen Häuptling
Edo Wiemken). The Christus-und-Garnisionskirche, was built centuries
later in 1869 by the Prussian architect Friedrich Adler.
Kaiser-Wilhelm-Denkmal at the Friedrich-Wilhelm-Platz, a monument
erected in memory of emperor Wilhelm I of Prussia in 1896, who was one
of the founder of the city. After the statue had been melted down in
1942, it was reconstructed in 1994.
The entrance building of the former Kaiserliche Marinewerft
("emperor's shipyard"), built in the 1870s.
The building of the former Kaiserliche Westwerft ("emperor's western
shipyard"), completed in 1913.
Every year in the first days of July, the big "Weekend on the Jade"
event attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors to the big port, the
southern beach and the navy arsenal. Another big event takes place at
the end of the sailing season at the beginning of October when two
dozen large sailing ships dock in
Wilhelmshaven as part of the
Erhard Milch in 1944
Rainer Fetting in 2016
Erhard Milch (1892–1972) German field marshal who oversaw the
development of the Luftwaffe
Gustav Leffers (1895–1916) German flying ace in World War I
Heinz Prüfer (1896–1934) German Jewish mathematician
Hans Gustav Adolf Hellmann (1903–1938) German theoretical physicist
Klaus Riedel (1907–1944) German rocket pioneer, worked on the V-2
missile programme at Peenemünde Army Research Center
Otto von Bülow
Otto von Bülow (1911–2006) German U-boat commander in World War II,
and captain in the Bundesmarine
Henry Picker (1912–1988) lawyer, stenographer and author,
co-transcribed Hitler's Table Talk
Wilfried Struve (born 1914–1992) scientist working in astronomy and
acoustics, son of Georg Hermann Struve
Helmut Heißenbüttel (1921–1996) German novelist and poet
Hans Clarin (1929–2005), German actor
Karl Kohlgraf (1937-1986), German, Joined the United states Army Rank
MSG Served in Korea and Vietnam War.
Karl Leister (born 1937), clarinetist with the Berlin Philharmonic
Willi von Nordeck, Admiral, Oberwerftdirektor Kriegsmarinewerft, 1935
Hans-Michael Bock (born 1947), film historian, translator
Peter Behrens (1947-2016), German drummer, founding member of german
rock band Trio
Gert Krawinkel (1947-2014), German guitarrist, founding member of
german rock band Trio
Rainer Fetting (born 1949), artist (modern painting)
Thomas Hengelbrock (born 1958) German violinist, stage director and
principal conductor of the NDR Symphony Orchestra
Nico Beyer (born 1964) German film director and producer
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Twin towns – Sister cities
Wilhelmshaven is twinned with:
France (since 1965)
Norfolk, Virginia, U.S. (since 1976)
Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, (since 1979)
China (since 1992)
Germany (since 1988)
Poland (since 2006)
^ Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie
Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31.
Dezember 2015 (Tabelle K1020014)
^ . Luftschutzbunker Wilhelmshaven
Retrieved 2017-12-18. Missing or empty title= (help)
^ "Angriffe und Statistik". Homepage Luftschutzbunker Wilhelmshaven.
^ "Olympiawerke jetzt AG = Die Zeit". 1954-07-22. Retrieved
Wilhelmshaven wächst zum größten Bundeswehrstandort". Hamburger
Abendblatt. 2011-11-04. Retrieved 2017-12-18.
^ Wolschner, Klaus (2017-10-05), "VW entdeckt Wilhelmshaven",
Tageszeitung TAZ: 41
^ de:St.-Jakobi-Kirche (Neuende)
^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation
pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales
(Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the
original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-12-26.
Official German list of concentration camps Verzeichnis der
Konzentrationslager und ihrer Außenkommandos (in German)
Camp memorial Neuengamme (in German)
Media related to
Wilhelmshaven (category) at Wikimedia Commons
Wilhelmshaven travel guide from Wikivoyage
Urban and rural districts in the state of
Lower Saxony in Germany
ISNI: 0000 0004 0479 5381