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Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
(meaning William's Harbour; German pronunciation: [vɪlhɛlmsˈhaːfn̩]) is a coastal town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the western side of the Jade Bight, a bay of the North Sea. Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
is the centre of the "JadeBay" business region (which has around 330,000 inhabitants). The adjacent Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
Wadden Sea National Park (part of the Wattenmeer UNESCO
UNESCO
World Natural Heritage Site) provides the basis for the major tourism industry in the region.

Contents

1 History

1.1 World War II 1.2 Since 1945

2 Today 3 Sights 4 People 5 International relations

5.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

6 See also 7 References 8 Sources 9 External links

History[edit] The Siebethsburg castle (de), built before 1383, operated as a pirate stronghold; the Hanseatic League
Hanseatic League
destroyed it in 1433. Four centuries later, the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
planned a fleet and a harbour on the North Sea. In 1853, Prince Adalbert of Prussia, a cousin of the Prussian King Frederick William IV, arranged the Jade Treaty (Jade-Vertrag) with the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg, in which Prussia and the Grand Duchy entered into a contract whereby Oldenburg ceded 3.13 square kilometres (1.21 square miles) of its territory at the Jade Bight to Prussia. In 1869 King William I of Prussia
William I of Prussia
(later also German Emperor) founded the town as an exclave of the Province of Hanover
Province of Hanover
and a naval base for Prussia's developing fleet. All the hinterland of the city remained as part of the Duchy of Oldenburg. A shipbuilding yard developed at Wilhelmshaven, the Kaiserliche Werft Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
( Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
Imperial Shipyard). On 30 June 1934 the "pocket battleship" Admiral Graf Spee was launched at Wilhelmshaven. In 1937 Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
and Rüstringen
Rüstringen
merged[2] and the united city, named Wilhelmshaven, became a part of the Free State of Oldenburg. World War II[edit] See also: Bombing of Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
in World War II In World War II
World War II
(1939-1945), Allied bombing destroyed two thirds of the town's buildings while the main target Naval Shipyard Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
were still working though there were serious damages.[3] On 28 April 1945, the Canadian First Army captured Emden
Emden
and Wilhelmshaven, Germany, and took the surrender of the entire garrison, including some 200 ships of the Kriegsmarine. The Poles remained as part of the allied occupation forces until 1947. During World War II Alter Banter Weg (No. 1582 Wilhelmshaven) functioned as a subcamp of the Neuengamme concentration camp.[citation needed] Since 1945[edit] In 1947 the city council decided to seek a new emblem for the city. After the Control Commission for Germany
Germany
- British Element (CCG/BE) had rejected several designs, Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
selected the image of a Frisian warrior (Rüstringer Friese), designed after a nail man erected in the city during the First World War to collect war donations. Between 1947 and 1972 Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
was the home of PRINCE RUPERT SCHOOL, a comprehensive boarding school for children of British Army and RAF personnel serving with BAOR. The school relocated to Rinteln in 1972. There is an active association of former Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
pupils called The Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
Association. After "World War II" the shipyard was totally disarmed under the british Commander in Chief, and of course many military buildings were damaged or vacant. While it was prohibited to develop any kind of military linked business Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
took the chance to establish a convenient location for the Olympia Werke which become one of the most popular and quality typewriter factories in the world. In 1953 7000 worker were employed. [4] Today[edit]

Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
and its city districts

Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
is Germany's only deep-water port, and its largest naval base. Concerning the new plans for the Bundeswehr
Bundeswehr
which took shape in 2011 it has become the largest military base in Germany
Germany
as well.[5] The benefits of the deep shipping channel were already recognised at the end of the 1950s with the construction of the first oil tanker jetty. Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
has been the most important German import terminal for crude oil ever since. Pipelines from here supply refineries in the Rhine-Ruhr region and Hamburg. Other major business operations followed, and constructed jetties for crude oil and oil products, coal, and chemical products. One of the main industrial sectors in Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
is the port industry with its wharfs, sea port service companies, service providers and repair businesses, transhipment and handling businesses, and agencies, etc. The "JadeWeserPort" – Container Terminal Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
(CTW), operational since 2012 and the development of the neighbouring Freight Village provide prospects for employment in areas such as logistics and distribution. In 2016 Eurogate increased transhipment volume up to 480.000 Container (TEU). And while Volkswagen
Volkswagen
is interested to use the deep-water facilities the number of employed workers is assumed to rise form 400 to 600.[6] Another element of the " Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
energy hub" programme is the chemical industry (refinery, PVC, and chlorine gas production), as well as power generation (two coal-fired power stations, wind power). The German defence forces (German Navy, navy arsenal, logistics centre) together with the public sector, are the main pillars of the local employment market. Sights[edit]

The Jadestadion, the stadium of SV Wilhelmshaven

The Jadestadion, the stadium of Regionalliga Nord
Regionalliga Nord
club SV Wilhelmshaven Aquarium Wilhelmshaven, located on the Helgolandkai – a view of the oceans and underwater habitats around the world. The Botanischer Garten der Stadt Wilhelmshaven, a municipal botanical garden. The Deutsches Marinemuseum (Navy Museum), whose main exhibits are the former German Navy
German Navy
destroyer Mölders (D186), a submarine, and some smaller warships as well as an exhibition of German naval history from the 19th century onwards. UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Site Wadden Sea Visitor center. The large permanent interactive exhibition provides insight into the wadden sea environment. One of the special displays is the 14 metre long skeleton of a sperm whale which beached on the island of Baltrum in 1994 and weighed 39 tonnes when alive. The whale´s organs were plastinized by Gunther von Hagens. The Küstenmuseum (Coastal Museum). The exhibition displays a broad spectrum of the past, present and future of the coast. The Bontekai, city harbor jetty, featuring the former light vessel "Weser" and the steam engine powered buoy layer "Kapitän Meyer", an active museum ship. During the "Jade Weekend" (late June) it is berth of tall sailing ships, too. The double swing bridge Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke
Kaiser-Wilhelm-Brücke
("Emperor Wilhelm Bridge") crosses an inlet of the Jade Bight. It was built from 1905 to 1907 and is considered to be Wilhelmshaven´s landmark. The Town Hall (Rathaus), a large brick building, constructed from 1927 to 1929 by the architect Fritz Höger
Fritz Höger
as the town hall of the city of Rüstringen. The oldest church of the city is the St Jakobi Church at Neuende which was built in about 1383 under the direction of the chieftain of Jever Edo Wiemken. Source[7](etwa ab 1383 unter dem jeverschen Häuptling Edo Wiemken). The Christus-und-Garnisionskirche, was built centuries later in 1869 by the Prussian architect Friedrich Adler. Kaiser-Wilhelm-Denkmal at the Friedrich-Wilhelm-Platz, a monument erected in memory of emperor Wilhelm I of Prussia in 1896, who was one of the founder of the city. After the statue had been melted down in 1942, it was reconstructed in 1994. The entrance building of the former Kaiserliche Marinewerft ("emperor's shipyard"), built in the 1870s. The building of the former Kaiserliche Westwerft ("emperor's western shipyard"), completed in 1913.

Every year in the first days of July, the big "Weekend on the Jade" event attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors to the big port, the southern beach and the navy arsenal. Another big event takes place at the end of the sailing season at the beginning of October when two dozen large sailing ships dock in Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
as part of the "JadeWeser Port
Port
Cup". People[edit]

Erhard Milch
Erhard Milch
in 1944

Rainer Fetting
Rainer Fetting
in 2016

Erhard Milch
Erhard Milch
(1892–1972) German field marshal who oversaw the development of the Luftwaffe Gustav Leffers (1895–1916) German flying ace in World War I Ernst Paul Heinz Prüfer (1896–1934) German Jewish mathematician Hans Gustav Adolf Hellmann (1903–1938) German theoretical physicist Klaus Riedel (1907–1944) German rocket pioneer, worked on the V-2 missile programme at Peenemünde Army Research Center Otto von Bülow
Otto von Bülow
(1911–2006) German U-boat commander in World War II, and captain in the Bundesmarine Henry Picker (1912–1988) lawyer, stenographer and author, co-transcribed Hitler's Table Talk Wilfried Struve (born 1914–1992) scientist working in astronomy and acoustics, son of Georg Hermann Struve Helmut Heißenbüttel (1921–1996) German novelist and poet Hans Clarin (1929–2005), German actor Karl Kohlgraf (1937-1986), German, Joined the United states Army Rank MSG Served in Korea and Vietnam War. Karl Leister
Karl Leister
(born 1937), clarinetist with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra Willi von Nordeck, Admiral, Oberwerftdirektor Kriegsmarinewerft, 1935 - 1942 Hans-Michael Bock
Hans-Michael Bock
(born 1947), film historian, translator Peter Behrens (1947-2016), German drummer, founding member of german rock band Trio Gert Krawinkel (1947-2014), German guitarrist, founding member of german rock band Trio Rainer Fetting
Rainer Fetting
(born 1949), artist (modern painting) Thomas Hengelbrock (born 1958) German violinist, stage director and principal conductor of the NDR Symphony Orchestra Nico Beyer
Nico Beyer
(born 1964) German film director and producer

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Twin towns – Sister cities[edit] Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
is twinned with:

Vichy, France
France
(since 1965)[8] Norfolk, Virginia, U.S. (since 1976) Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, (since 1979)

Qingdao, China
China
(since 1992) Bad Harzburg, Germany
Germany
(since 1988) Bydgoszcz, Poland
Poland
(since 2006)

See also[edit]

Lake Bant

References[edit]

^ Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2015 (Tabelle K1020014) ^ . Luftschutzbunker Wilhelmshaven http://www.luftschutzbunker-wilhelmshaven.de/historie/histowhv.html. Retrieved 2017-12-18.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ "Angriffe und Statistik". Homepage Luftschutzbunker Wilhelmshaven. Retrieved 2017-12-17.  ^ "Olympiawerke jetzt AG = Die Zeit". 1954-07-22. Retrieved 2017-12-18.  ^ " Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
wächst zum größten Bundeswehrstandort". Hamburger Abendblatt. 2011-11-04. Retrieved 2017-12-18.  ^ Wolschner, Klaus (2017-10-05), "VW entdeckt Wilhelmshaven", Tageszeitung TAZ: 41  ^ de:St.-Jakobi-Kirche (Neuende) ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

Sources[edit]

Official German list of concentration camps Verzeichnis der Konzentrationslager und ihrer Außenkommandos (in German) Camp memorial Neuengamme (in German)

External links[edit]

Media related to Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
(category) at Wikimedia Commons Wilhelmshaven
Wilhelmshaven
travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of Lower Saxony
Lower Saxony
in Germany

Region

Hanover

Urban districts

Braunschweig Delmenhorst Emden Oldenburg Osnabrück Salzgitter Wilhelmshaven Wolfsburg

Rural districts

Ammerland Aurich Bentheim Celle Cloppenburg Cuxhaven Diepholz Emsland Friesland Gifhorn Goslar Göttingen Hamelin-Pyrmont Harburg Heidekreis Helmstedt Hildesheim Holzminden Leer Lüchow-Dannenberg Lüneburg Nienburg Northeim Oldenburg Osnabrück Osterholz Peine Rotenburg Schaumburg Stade Uelzen Vechta Verden Wesermarsch Wittmund Wolfenbüttel

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 127897604 LCCN: n84208034 ISNI: 0000 0004 0479 5381 GND: 4066173-8 BNF: cb1361

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