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Wilco
Wilco
is an American alternative rock band based in Chicago, Illinois. The band was formed in 1994 by the remaining members of alternative country group Uncle Tupelo
Uncle Tupelo
following singer Jay Farrar's departure. Wilco's lineup changed frequently during its first decade, with only singer Jeff Tweedy
Jeff Tweedy
and bassist John Stirratt
John Stirratt
remaining from the original incarnation. Since early 2004, the lineup has been unchanged, consisting of Tweedy, Stirratt, guitarist Nels Cline, multi-instrumentalist Pat Sansone, keyboard player Mikael Jorgensen, and drummer Glenn Kotche. Wilco
Wilco
has released ten studio albums, a live double album, and four collaborations: three with Billy Bragg
Billy Bragg
and one with The Minus 5. Wilco's music has been inspired by a wide variety of artists and styles, including Bill Fay, The Beatles
The Beatles
and Television, and has in turn influenced music by a number of modern alternative rock acts. The band continued in the alternative country style of Uncle Tupelo
Uncle Tupelo
on its debut album A.M. (1995), but has since introduced more experimental aspects to their music, including elements of alternative rock and classic pop. Wilco's musical style has evolved from a 1990s country rock sound to a current "eclectic indie rock collective that touches on many eras and genres."[6] Wilco
Wilco
garnered media attention for their fourth album, Yankee Hotel Foxtrot (2001), and the controversy surrounding it. After the recording sessions were complete, Reprise Records
Reprise Records
rejected the album and dismissed Wilco
Wilco
from the label. As part of a buy-out deal, Reprise gave Wilco
Wilco
the rights to the album for free. After streaming Foxtrot on its website, Wilco
Wilco
sold the album to Nonesuch Records
Nonesuch Records
in 2002. Both record labels are subsidiaries of Warner Music Group, leading one critic to say the album showed "how screwed up the music business is in the early twenty-first century."[7] Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
is Wilco's most successful release to date, selling over 670,000 copies. Wilco won two Grammy Awards
Grammy Awards
for their fifth studio album, 2004's A Ghost Is Born, including Best Alternative Music Album. Wilco
Wilco
released their ninth studio album, Star Wars, in July 2015, and in September 2016 released their tenth studio album, Schmilco.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Formation 1.2 A.M. and Being There 1.3 Summerteeth and the Mermaid Avenue
Mermaid Avenue
sessions 1.4 Yankee Hotel Foxtrot 1.5 Down with Wilco, A Ghost Is Born, and Kicking Television: Live in Chicago 1.6 Sky Blue Sky 1.7 Wilco
Wilco
(The Album) 1.8 The Whole Love 1.9 Star Wars, Schmilco
Schmilco
and All Lives, You Say?

2 Musical style and influence 3 Band members

3.1 Timeline

4 Discography 5 Awards and nominations

5.1 Grammy Awards 5.2 Shortlist Music Prizes 5.3 Wired Rave Awards

6 See also 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Formation[edit] Main article: Uncle Tupelo Wilco
Wilco
was formed following the breakup of the influential alternative country music group Uncle Tupelo. Singer Jay Farrar
Jay Farrar
quit the band in 1994 because of a soured relationship with co-singer Jeff Tweedy.[8] Both Tweedy and Farrar sought to form bands immediately after the breakup. Tweedy was able to keep the entire Uncle Tupelo
Uncle Tupelo
lineup sans Farrar, including bassist John Stirratt, drummer Ken Coomer, and multi-instrumentalist Max Johnston. He even enlisted Uncle Tupelo guest guitarist Brian Henneman
Brian Henneman
of the Bottle Rockets, who performed on many of the tracks for Wilco's debut album, A.M..[9] The band was tempted to keep the Uncle Tupelo
Uncle Tupelo
name, but ultimately decided to rename the band.[10] The group named itself "Wilco" after the military and commercial aviation radio voice abbreviation for "will comply",[11] a choice which Tweedy has called "fairly ironic for a rock band to name themselves."[12] A.M. and Being There[edit] After collaborating with Syd Straw
Syd Straw
on a cover version of the Ernest Tubb song "The T.B. is Whipping Me" (released in September 1994 on the Red Hot + Country
Red Hot + Country
compilation produced by the Red Hot Organization), Wilco
Wilco
began recording tracks for A.M., their first studio album, at Easley studio in June 1994.[9][11][13] A demo tape from these recordings was sent to executives at Reprise Records, a subsidiary of Warner Brothers, and the label signed Tweedy to a contract. Although Tweedy stated that he wanted a more collaborative project than Uncle Tupelo, only his name appeared on the Reprise contract.[14] Tweedy requested songwriting submissions from other members, but only one submission—John Stirratt's "It's Just That Simple"—appeared on A.M.. It was the last song Wilco
Wilco
ever released that was lyrically solely written by a member besides Tweedy.[14] Stylistically similar to Uncle Tupelo, the music on A.M. was considered to be straightforward alternative country rock in what Tweedy later described as "trying to tread some water with a perceived audience."[15] A.M. peaked at number twenty-seven on the Billboard Heatseekers chart, considerably lower than the debut album of Jay Farrar's new band, Son Volt.[16][17] The album was met with modest reviews though it would rank thirty-fourth in the Village Voice's 1995 Pazz & Jop critics poll.[18][19][20] Critically and commercially paling in comparison to the reception of Son Volt's album, the Wilco members perceived A.M. to be a failure.[21] Shortly after the release of the album, multi-instrumentalist Jay Bennett
Jay Bennett
joined the band, providing the band with a keyboardist and another guitarist.

"I Must Be High"

Sample from "I Must Be High", the first track from A.M.. The song is an example of the straightforward alternative country music described by Tweedy as "trying to tread some water with a perceived audience."

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Wilco
Wilco
made its live debut on November 17, 1994 to a capacity crowd at Cicero's Basement Bar in St. Louis, Missouri
Missouri
(the band was billed for the occasion as "Black Shampoo").[22] During the two hundred-date tour supporting A.M., Tweedy began to write songs for a second album. The lyrical theme of the songs reflected a relationship between musical artist and a listener; Tweedy chose this topic because he sought to eschew the alternative country fan base. Ken Coomer elaborated:[23]

The whole No Depression thing was funny to us because people seemed to forget that Jeff was a bigger punk-rock fan than a country fan. It led to things like us all switching instruments on "Misunderstood," where I'm playing guitar.

A number of songs were recorded with this theme, including "Sunken Treasure" and "Hotel Arizona",[24] however, Wilco
Wilco
also recorded a number of songs in the style of A.M.[25] Wilco
Wilco
named the album Being There after a Peter Sellers
Peter Sellers
film of the same name. The band went through some personnel changes during the recording sessions. Max Johnston left the band because he felt that his role in the band had diminished in favor of Bennett; he had also been replaced by violinist Jesse Greene on one track because the band felt that Johnston was unable to play the part. Bob Egan
Bob Egan
of Freakwater
Freakwater
briefly joined the band in the studio, playing pedal steel guitar on "Far, Far Away" and "Dreamer in My Dreams", and then became an official member in September 1996.[26][27] Unlike the A.M. recording sessions, the band had no vocation for producing a hit song from their second effort.[28] The recording sessions produced nineteen songs, too many for a single album release. Tweedy was concerned about the high retail price that a double album would be sold for (at least $30), so he asked Reprise Records
Reprise Records
to release it as a double album at a single album price ($17.98 or less). Reprise agreed to this on the terms that they received Wilco's share of the album royalties. It was estimated in 2003 that the band lost almost $600,000 on the deal, but Tweedy was satisfied.[29] Being There was well received by critics from several major media outlets, including Rolling Stone.[25][30][31] The album reached No. 73 on the Billboard album charts,[32] a significant improvement from A.M., and placed fourteenth on the Pazz & Jop Critics Poll for 1996.[33] The album's single "Outtasite (Outta Mind)" became the group's first song to enter the Billboard charts, reaching No. 39 on the Modern Rock Tracks chart and No. 22 on the Mainstream Rock Tracks chart.[34] Summerteeth and the Mermaid Avenue
Mermaid Avenue
sessions[edit] In November 1997, Wilco
Wilco
entered Willie Nelson's recording studio in Spicewood, Texas
Texas
to record a third studio album.[35] The album was lyrically inspired by the marital problems of Tweedy and his wife, as well as by twentieth-century literature.[36] Tweedy relied heavily on Bennett to provide music for the singer's "bold, but depressing" lyrics.[37] Wilco
Wilco
recorded several songs, including "Via Chicago" and "She's a Jar", but began working on another project before assembling the tracks into an album.[35]

The two Mermaid Avenue
Mermaid Avenue
albums consisted of recordings of unreleased Woody Guthrie
Woody Guthrie
(pictured) songs.

Nora Guthrie
Nora Guthrie
contacted singer-songwriter Billy Bragg
Billy Bragg
in spring 1995 about recording some unreleased songs by her father, folk singer Woody Guthrie. Most of the songs were written late in Guthrie's life when he was unable to record due to the motor impairments of Huntington's disease. By the 1990s, Woody Guthrie
Woody Guthrie
had become a "relic" to the MTV generation, and Nora sought to establish a different legacy for the musician. To Nora, Bragg was "the only singer I knew taking on the same issues as Woody." Bragg was concerned, however, that his fans would not realize that the songs were written by Guthrie when he performed them on tour, so he decided to record the album with another band.[38] Bragg contacted Tweedy and Bennett about co-recording the album while Wilco
Wilco
was on the European segment of their Being There
Being There
tour. Bragg was particularly fond of Being There
Being There
because their influences extended farther back than the 1950s. Although Tweedy was indifferent to the offer, Bennett was enthused about recording songs of one of his idols—Bennett's previous band Titanic Love Affair was named after a Billy Bragg
Billy Bragg
lyric. A recording contract between Bragg and Wilco
Wilco
was signed after a show at Shepherd's Bush Empire. Bragg mostly recorded the politically charged lyrics, while Tweedy preferred to record lyrics that showcased Guthrie as a "freak weirdo". The recording of Mermaid Avenue
Mermaid Avenue
began on December 12, 1997, and was the topic of BBC's Man in the Sand documentary film.[39] Tempers flared between Bragg and Wilco
Wilco
after the album was completed. Bennett believed that Bragg was overproducing his songs, a sharp contrast to Wilco's sparser contributions. Bennett called Bragg about the possibility of remixing Bragg's songs, to which Bragg responded "you make your record, and I'll make mine, fucker." Eventually Bragg sent copies of his recordings to Chicago
Chicago
for Bennett to remix, but Bragg refused to use the new mixes on the album. The two parties were unable to establish a promotional tour and quarreled over royalties and guest musician fees. Despite these conflicts, the album was released on June 23, 1998, and sold over 277,000 copies.[40] The album received rave reviews from Robert Christgau
Robert Christgau
and Rolling Stone, and was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Folk Album.[41][42] It also placed fourth on the Pazz & Jop critics poll for 1998.[43] After the album was released, Bob Egan
Bob Egan
was replaced by multi-instrumentalist Leroy Bach.[44] After the completion of the Mermaid Avenue
Mermaid Avenue
sessions, Wilco
Wilco
returned to Spicewood
Spicewood
to complete their third studio album, Summerteeth. Unlike previous Wilco
Wilco
and Uncle Tupelo
Uncle Tupelo
recordings, the album featured a lot of overdubbing with Pro Tools.[45] Stirratt and Coomer were concerned with the production, since it reduced their involvement in the music. According to Stirratt:[46]

The story of Summerteeth is Jay bought a Mellotron
Mellotron
and he was going to use it, no matter what. It was lovely, but it was overdone. Once they got going on the overdubs, they didn't stop. And nobody in the band stepped up to stop the madness ... It reminds me of Heart of Darkness, where you knowingly extend the creative process for the purpose of exploration or redemption, or whatever it is you're looking for.

During 1999, Warner Brothers
Warner Brothers
was looking to help repay a $16 billion debt acquired during the recent merger of parent company Warner Communications with Time Inc..[47] As a result, Warner's imprints were under pressure to produce musical acts that would yield hit records. The head of Reprise, Howie Klein, who had previously authorized the release of Being There
Being There
as a double album, was willing to let Wilco produce Summerteeth without label input. When Klein played the album for Reprise's A&R department, however, they demanded a radio single for the album. Wilco
Wilco
agreed to do this "once and once only" and recorded a radio-friendly version of "Can't Stand It" at the request of David Kahne, the head of the A&R department.[48] The single version of "Can't Stand It" failed to cross over from Triple-A radio to alternative rock stations. Consequently, the album sold only 200,000 copies, significantly less than Being There.[49] This was despite critical acclaim; the album placed eighth on the Pazz & Jop critics' poll for 1999.[50] After the release of Summerteeth, the band resumed the Mermaid Avenue sessions. Although they had recorded enough material for a second release in 1998, Wilco
Wilco
recorded a few new songs for Mermaid Avenue Vol. II. "Someday Some Morning Sometime," featuring a vibraphone filtered through a space echo, was identified by Tweedy as being the "piece to the puzzle" towards the creation of their fourth studio album. The album was released on May 30, 2000, and was the last release from the sessions.[51] The remainder of the sessions were released in 2012 as Mermaid Avenue
Mermaid Avenue
Vol. III, also part of Mermaid Avenue: The Complete Sessions. Yankee Hotel Foxtrot[edit]

The Marina Towers in Chicago, IL
Chicago, IL
are depicted on the cover of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot.

"I Am Trying to Break Your Heart"

The first track from Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, this song featured an intro on bells composed by Glenn Kotche.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Shortly after the recording sessions for Mermaid Avenue
Mermaid Avenue
Vol. II, Wilco purchased a studio on Irving Park Road in Chicago, which they named the Wilco
Wilco
Loft.[52] The band recorded some tracks in the studio in early 2000 for a fourth studio album. In May 2000, Jeff Tweedy requested to perform with Jim O'Rourke at a festival in Chicago; Tweedy was a fan of O'Rourke's Bad Timing. O'Rourke introduced Tweedy to drummer Glenn Kotche, and the trio enjoyed working together so much that they decided to record an album as a side project named Loose Fur.[53] Wilco
Wilco
had recorded an entire album of music at this point, but Tweedy was unhappy with the drum parts. He enjoyed Kotche's contributions to Loose Fur
Loose Fur
so much that Tweedy brought him into the studio to re-record some demos. Some believe that Tweedy sought to make Wilco
Wilco
sound like Loose Fur
Loose Fur
after officially replacing Ken Coomer with Kotche in January 2001.[54] Although Bennett sought to act as both mixer and engineer for Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, Tweedy was unsure of Bennett's abilities against those of O'Rourke. Tweedy and Bennett frequently argued over whether the album should be accessible to a general listener, or attempt to cover new musical ground.[55] Unbeknownst to Bennett, Tweedy invited O'Rourke to remix "I Am Trying to Break Your Heart", and the results impressed the other band members—even Bennett. Tensions grew between Bennett and O'Rourke because Bennett wanted to mix every song on the album. O'Rourke cut the contributions of other members on several of the songs; some songs, such as "Poor Places", only featured the Loose Fur trio.[56] The album was completed in 2001, and Bennett was dismissed from the band immediately afterwards.[57] The recording of the album was documented by Sam Jones and released in 2002 as the film I Am Trying to Break Your Heart: A Film About Wilco. Time Warner, which owned Warner Bros. Records, merged with America Online in 2001, leading to more pressure on Warner's record labels to cut costs. Over 600 employees of Warner Music Group
Warner Music Group
were fired, including Howie Klein, the president of Reprise Records. In absence of Klein, David Kahne became the interim head of Reprise.[58] Kahne assigned Mio Vukovic to monitor the progress of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot and to offer suggestions. Music journalist
Music journalist
Greg Kot claims that Vukovic disdained the album and was unhappy that Wilco
Wilco
ignored his suggestions.[59] He brought the album to Kahne, who felt that there was no single on the album. In June 2001, the album was rejected by Reprise and Wilco
Wilco
was asked to leave the label.[60] Wilco
Wilco
managed to negotiate terms to a buy-out from Reprise. Music journalist Greg Kot claims that instead of financial compensation, the band agreed to leave the label with the master tapes of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot.[61] The label was already receiving bad publicity for its treatment of the band and were willing to accommodate Wilco's request.[62] However, Allmusic claims that Wilco
Wilco
"bought the finished studio tapes from Warner/ Reprise for a reported $50,000 and left the label altogether" after Wilco
Wilco
was "[u]nwilling to change the album to make it more 'commercially viable'"[63] To curb the negative publicity, Reprise began to invest more in bands such as The Flaming Lips. Lead singer Wayne Coyne
Wayne Coyne
once remarked:[64]

We are benefiting from the label's regret over Wilco. We are living in the golden age of that being such a public mistake. The people on Warners said, "we'll never have a band like Wilco
Wilco
feel we don't believe in them again." They'd tell me that it would never happen to us. And what a great day for me!

As the band searched for a new label to release the album, they decided to stream it at their official website to discourage illegal trading of low-quality MP3s.[65] The band signed with Nonesuch Records, another Time Warner
Time Warner
subsidiary, and the album was released in the spring of 2002. When it was released, Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
reached number thirteen on the Billboard 200, Wilco's highest chart position to that date.[66] Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
sold over 590,000 copies, and to date remains Wilco's best selling album.[67] Yankee Hotel Foxtrot was met with wide critical acclaim: it topped 2002's Pazz & Jop critics' poll, was named one of the 100 greatest albums of all time by Q Magazine.[68][69][70] Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
rated it one of the top 500 albums of all time in May 2012. Down with Wilco, A Ghost Is Born, and Kicking Television: Live in Chicago[edit] While waiting for the commercial release of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, Wilco
Wilco
agreed to support R.E.M.
R.E.M.
collaborator Scott McCaughey
Scott McCaughey
for an album release by The Minus 5. They scheduled a recording session for September 11, 2001, but were distraught about the 9/11
9/11
terrorist attacks that day.[71] Later that day, Wilco
Wilco
and McCaughey agreed to "create something good in the world right now" and record some material.[72] Influenced by Bill Fay's Time of the Last Persecution, The Minus 5's Down with Wilco
Down with Wilco
was released in 2003.[73] Keyboardist Mikael Jorgensen, who had engineered Down with Wilco, joined Wilco
Wilco
in 2002 as they toured in support of Yankee Hotel Foxtrot.

Wilco
Wilco
at the Wired Rave Awards in 2003

In November 2003, Wilco
Wilco
traveled to New York City to record their fifth album. The album was produced by Jim O'Rourke, who mixed Foxtrot and was a member of Wilco
Wilco
side project Loose Fur. Unlike Summerteeth and Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, A Ghost Is Born
A Ghost Is Born
featured songs that were created with Pro Tools
Pro Tools
before ever performing them live.[74] The album featured the song "Less Than You Think", which included a fifteen-minute track of electronic noises and synthesizers, which Tweedy called "the track that everyone will hate". Tweedy justified the inclusion of the song:[74]

I know ninety-nine percent of our fans won't like that song, they'll say it's a ridiculous indulgence. Even I don't want to listen to it every time I play through the album. But the times I do calm myself down and pay attention to it, I think it's valuable and moving and cathartic. I wouldn't have put it on the record if I didn't think it was great ... I wanted to make an album about identity, and within that is the idea of a higher power, the idea of randomness, and that anything can happen, and that we can't control it.

Leroy Bach left the band immediately after the album's completion to join a music theatre operation in Chicago.[75] Like Yankee Hotel Foxtrot, Wilco
Wilco
streamed the album online before its commercial release. Instead of using their own web page, the band streamed it in MPEG-4 form on Apple's website.[76] Wilco
Wilco
sought to substantially change their lineup after Bach's departure, and added Pat Sansone
Pat Sansone
of The Autumn Defense, and avant-garde guitarist Nels Cline
Nels Cline
to the lineup.[72][77] Just as the band was about to tour to promote the album, Tweedy checked himself into a rehabilitation clinic in Chicago for an addiction to opioids. As a result, tour plans for Europe were canceled, and the release date for the album was set back several weeks.[78] A Ghost Is Born
A Ghost Is Born
was released on June 22, 2004, and became Wilco's first top ten album in the U.S.[79] The album earned Wilco Grammy Awards
Grammy Awards
for Best Alternative Music Album
Best Alternative Music Album
and Best Recording Package in 2005.[80] It also placed thirteenth on 2004's Pazz & Jop Critics Poll.[81] In 2004, the band released The Wilco
Wilco
Book, a picture book detailing the creation of A Ghost Is Born. The book also contains writings and drawings from band members, as well as a CD with demos from the A Ghost Is Born recording sessions.[82] Also that year, Chicago
Chicago
Tribune music critic Greg Kot released a biography of the band entitled Wilco: Learning How to Die. The new six-piece Wilco
Wilco
lineup debuted on Kicking Television: Live in Chicago, a two disc live album recorded at The Vic Theater in Chicago. Released on November 15, 2005, the album received high accolades from Spin, Billboard, and Entertainment Weekly.[83] As of 2007, it has sold over 114,000 copies.[67] Sky Blue Sky[edit] Wilco
Wilco
returned to their loft in Chicago
Chicago
to record a sixth studio album in 2006. Influenced by The Byrds
The Byrds
and Fairport Convention, the band considered Sky Blue Sky
Sky Blue Sky
to be less experimental than previous releases.[67] Also unlike previous albums, the songs were created as collaborations. Wilco
Wilco
streamed the album online on March 3, 2007, and offered the song "What Light" as a free MP3
MP3
download.[84] To further publicize the album, Wilco
Wilco
licensed several songs from the Sky Blue Sky
Sky Blue Sky
recording sessions for use in a Volkswagen
Volkswagen
advertising campaign. The move was criticized by both critics and fans; Wilco
Wilco
responded by noting that they had previously done advertising campaigns with Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
and Telefónica Móviles (Movistar).[85][86][87] The album was released on May 15, 2007, and was a commercial success: it sold over 87,000 copies in its first week and peaked in the top five in the U.S. album charts.[88] It also was a top forty hit in seven other countries.[89] Reviewer James Brubaker states that Wilco
Wilco
"shine[s] on a handful of the songs" on Sky Blue Sky, such as the "light, and straightforward" songs. While he calls the album "great traditional rock and folk album at times", he states that "once you get past the handful of masterful and lovely performances ... the rest of the record comes off at times as dull, and forced."[90] The allaboutjazz review also had mixed comments. While praising the album as "deceptively insinuating, almost intoxicating to listen to" and noting its "impeccable sound quality," the reviewer claimed that " Sky Blue Sky
Sky Blue Sky
becomes the first Wilco
Wilco
album that sounds too careful for its own good."[91] Pabs Hernandez, a reviewer for Lost at Sea praised the album's "breezy atmosphere and pacing," and noted that it is not "easily judged upon first listen." Overall, Hernandez stated that it "may be no masterpiece, but at worst it's a more than worthy entry into Wilco's laudable catalogue."[92] Reviewer Greg Locke praised the record as "one of the best albums of the year," calling it a "timeless record, full of sweet, hopeful sophistication and class" and "a lean, mean, soulful album." Like Hernandez, Locke acknowledged that the album could not be properly judged just on the first listening.[93] The NPR review also had a positive take on the record. While the NPR reviewer stated that the recording "isn't groundbreaking," they praised its "coherent musical expression" and emphasis on "solid songcraft without pretense" which created a "satisfying and melodically sound album."[94] In anticipation of the 2008 US presidential election, Wilco
Wilco
released a downloadable version of Bob Dylan's "I Shall Be Released" that they performed with Fleet Foxes. The MP3
MP3
was available as a free download from the band's website in exchange for a promise to vote in the election.[95] The band also made an appearance on The Colbert Report to support presidential candidate Barack Obama.[96] Wilco
Wilco
released a live performance DVD, Ashes of American Flags, on April 18, 2009, to celebrate Record Store Day.[97] In December 2008, Jeff Tweedy, Pat Sansone, Glenn Kotche
Glenn Kotche
and John Stirratt traveled to Auckland, New Zealand to participate in Neil Finn's 7 Worlds Collide
7 Worlds Collide
sequel project, The Sun Came Out, joined by Ed O'Brien, Phil Selway, Johnny Marr, KT Tunstall, Liam Finn, and Lisa Germano. They wrote and recorded several new tracks for the Oxfam-benefiting album including "You Never Know", "What Could Have Been", "Over and Done" and "Don't Forget Me". Jeff Tweedy
Jeff Tweedy
co-wrote "Too Blue" with Johnny Marr, and Glenn, John and Pat play on most tracks on the album.[98] Having enjoyed their time in New Zealand and the vibe of Finn's own Roundhead Studios, the four members stayed in Auckland through January to record the foundation tracks for their next album. Jim Scott, who acted as engineer and mixer for the Neil Finn
Neil Finn
project, stayed on in the same capacity for the Wilco
Wilco
sessions. Nels Cline
Nels Cline
and Mikael Jorgensen would later add overdubs to these tracks at the band's Chicago
Chicago
Loft. Wilco
Wilco
(The Album)[edit] Wilco
Wilco
released their seventh album, Wilco
Wilco
(The Album), on June 30, 2009.[99] In March 2009, it was announced that singer-songwriter Feist would make a guest appearance on the new album, on the track "You and I".[100] Like their previous three albums, Wilco
Wilco
streamed the entirety of the album on its website prior to release.[101] The album hit the charts at a career-high No. 4 with sales of 99,000 on the Billboard Top 200 Album
Album
chart as well as the No. 2 spot on Billboard's Top Rock Albums chart.[102] It marked Wilco's third top 10 album on the U.S. pop chart. The album's first single "You Never Know" reached the No. 1 spot on the AAA Chart, their first No. 1 in twelve years.[103] Beginning in April 2009, the band freely distributed a cover of Woody Guthrie's "The Jolly Banker", downloadable from their website. It was recorded at the Wilco
Wilco
loft in February of that year, at the suggestion of Guthrie's daughter, Nora.[104] Downloaders were encouraged to donate to the Woody Guthrie
Woody Guthrie
Foundation. Feist returned to accompany on the track, playing the Garden Weasel.[105] The track eventually became unavailable for download. In October 2011, the website began streaming the track via a plugin.[106] On May 25, 2009, former band member Jay Bennett
Jay Bennett
died in his home in Urbana, Illinois.[107] In a prepared statement, Jeff Tweedy
Jeff Tweedy
remarked that he was "deeply saddened" by Bennett's death.[108] Feist and Wilco
Wilco
performed "You and I" on Late Show with David Letterman on July 14, 2009.[109] In June during their West Coast tour, Wilco
Wilco
joined Beck, Feist, Jamie Lidell
Jamie Lidell
and James Gadson in the studio to take part in Beck's Record Club project, covering Skip Spence's Oar album.[110] The first song "Little Hands" was posted on Beck's website on November 12, 2009. On April 6, 2010, Wilco
Wilco
announced during their Boston performance that they would be headlining and curating a festival in North Adams, Massachusetts, dubbed Solid Sound Festival. The event ran at the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art
Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art
from August 13–15, and featured various Wilco
Wilco
side projects, including The Autumn Defense, Pronto, The Nels Cline
Nels Cline
Singers, and Jeff Tweedy
Jeff Tweedy
solo.[111] Other bands who appeared included Mavis Staples, Avi Buffalo, Outrageous Cherry, Richard Bishop, The Books, and Vetiver. It also featured non-musical media, such as the Bread and Puppet Theater
Bread and Puppet Theater
and comedians Todd Barry, Kristen Schaal, John Mulaney, and Hannibal Buress
Hannibal Buress
as well as interactive musical installations by Cline and Kotche. In November 2016, the band also curates their own program during the tenth Anniversary Edition of Le Guess Who?
Le Guess Who?
Festival in Utrecht, The Netherlands. This curated program includes performances by amongst others Tortoise, Bassekou Kouyaté, Lee Ranaldo, Fennesz, Steve Gunn, William Tyler and The Cairo Gang. Wilco's contract with Nonesuch ended in 2010 and they formed their own label. Wilco
Wilco
announced via their web site and Twitter page on January 27, 2011 that the new label will be called dBpm Records (Decibels per Minute) and will be run out of the offices of their manager, Tony Margherita, in Easthampton, Massachusetts.[112] The Whole Love[edit] Wilco's eighth studio album, The Whole Love, was released on September 27, 2011.[113] The first single of the album is titled "Art of Almost". The B-Side to "I Might" is a cover of Nick Lowe's 1977 song "I Love My Label". The single was shown at the Wilco's 2011 Solid Sound Festival at MassMoca
MassMoca
and was met by positive reviews. The entire album was streamed live on Wilco's official website for 24 hours between September 3 and 4, 2011.[114] Star Wars, Schmilco
Schmilco
and All Lives, You Say?[edit] Wilco's ninth studio album, Star Wars, was released on July 16, 2015, as a surprise free download.[115] In October 2015, Wilco
Wilco
announced that they would embark on a US tour beginning in early 2016 in support of the album.[116] In December 2015, Star Wars was nominated for the Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Alternative Music Album.[117] On July 14, 2016, the band released a new single, titled "Locator", as a free download.[118] Four days later, the band released another new single, titled "If I Ever Was a Child", and announced that their tenth album, Schmilco, would be released on September 9.[119] Schmilco earned generally favourable reviews, earning a positive score of 79 on Metacritic,[120] while reviewer Josh Modell called the album "Wilco’s most musically simple and emotionally resonant record in a decade."[121] On Monday, August 14, 2017, Wilco
Wilco
released a single, "All Lives You Say" on their Bandcamp page to benefit the SPLC in memory of Jeff's father Robert L. Tweedy who passed away on August 4. Upon sharing this news, Tweedy stated, "My dad was named after a Civil War general, and he voted for Barack Obama
Barack Obama
twice. He used to say 'If you know better, you can do better.' America - we know better, we can do better."[122] Musical style and influence[edit]

Wilco
Wilco
performing in support of Sky Blue Sky
Sky Blue Sky
at Festival Internacional de Benicàssim on July 20, 2007

Wilco's music is typically categorized as alternative rock and alternative country. Despite their career-long association with a major record label, they are generally associated with indie rock.[123] Wilco
Wilco
draws influence from bands from a variety of musical genres, but primarily from music created between 1966 and 1974.[124][125] John Cale's Paris 1919 was credited by the band as providing a musical parallel. According to Tweedy, "It was eye-opening that I wasn't the only person that felt like these worlds had a lot more in common than they'd been given credit for—that experimentation and avant-garde theory was not directly opposed to beauty, y'know?"[126] Other recording artists from that timespan appreciated by the band include John Lennon, Neil Young, and Brian Wilson.[127][128] For his thirty-fourth birthday, Tweedy received a private guitar lesson from Richard Lloyd of Television; Tweedy was a fan of the group and was particularly fond of the guitar work, which he wanted to incorporate into his music.[74] Uncle Tupelo
Uncle Tupelo
was inspired by bands such as Jason & the Scorchers and the Minutemen, influencing the recording of Wilco's A.M..[129] Tweedy and O'Rourke enjoyed free jazz artists such as Ornette Coleman, Albert Ayler, and Derek Bailey; they also listen to mainstream jazz by artists such as Miles Davis
Miles Davis
and John Coltrane.[130][131] The lyrical structure of Wilco's songs was dictated by classic literature and cadavre exquis—an exercise where band members take turns writing lines on a typewriter, but are only allowed to see the previously written line.[131] Among the books that the band has cited as being stylistically influential include William H. Gass's In the Heart of the Heart of the Country, Henry Miller's Tropic of Cancer, and Harold Bloom's The Anxiety of Influence: A Theory of Poetry.[131][132] Some critics have dubbed Wilco
Wilco
the "American Radiohead", due to their stylistically diverse catalog.[133][134][135] A critic from the New York Times argues that Wilco
Wilco
has a "roots-rock ... [sound which] reached back to proven materials: the twang of country, the steady chug of 1960s rock, the undulating sheen of the Beach Boys, the honky-tonk hymns of the Band and the melodic symmetries of pop."[136] Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
described Wilco
Wilco
as "one of America's most consistently interesting bands" and "America's foremost rock impressionists."[137][138] Bands that have been influenced by Wilco include Derek Webb
Derek Webb
(of Caedmon's Call),[139] The National,[140] and Grace Potter and the Nocturnals.[141] English indie rock band Cherry Ghost took its name from a lyric from the Wilco
Wilco
song "Theologians" (from A Ghost Is Born)—lead singer Simon Aldred is a self-proclaimed "massive Wilco
Wilco
fan".[142] Other notable artists who have covered Wilco live include Norah Jones
Norah Jones
performing "Jesus, Etc." which took place at the 2008 Bridge School Benefit
Bridge School Benefit
where they both performed,[143] a version of which was released as a bonus track on her 2009 release The Fall, Widespread Panic, and Counting Crows
Counting Crows
and the Wallflowers performing "California Stars."[144] Band members[edit]

Wilco
Wilco
Second Night of Winterlude, December 6, 2014

Current members

John Stirratt
John Stirratt
– bass guitar, backing vocals (1994–present) Jeff Tweedy
Jeff Tweedy
– lead vocals, rhythm, acoustic and lead guitars, bass guitar, harmonica (1994–present) Glenn Kotche
Glenn Kotche
– drums, percussion (2001–present) Mikael Jorgensen
Mikael Jorgensen
– samples and sound manipulation, keyboards, synthesizers, effects, piano, organ (2002–present) Nels Cline
Nels Cline
– lead guitar, loops, lap steel (2004–present) Pat Sansone
Pat Sansone
– keyboards, rhythm and lead guitars, backing vocals, synthesizers, maracas, tambourine (2004–present)

Former members

Ken Coomer – drums, percussion (1994–2001) Brian Henneman
Brian Henneman
– lead guitar (1994–1995) Max Johnston
Max Johnston
– dobro, fiddle, banjo, mandolin, backing vocals (1994–1996) Jay Bennett
Jay Bennett
– rhythm and lead guitars, keyboards, backing vocals (1995–2002) Bob Egan
Bob Egan
– pedal steel, slide guitar (1995–1998) Leroy Bach – rhythm guitar, keyboards, backing vocals (1998–2004)

Timeline[edit]

Discography[edit] Main article: Wilco
Wilco
discography

A.M. (1995) Being There
Being There
(1996) Summerteeth (1999) Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
(2001) A Ghost Is Born
A Ghost Is Born
(2004) Sky Blue Sky
Sky Blue Sky
(2007) Wilco
Wilco
(The Album) (2009) The Whole Love (2011) Star Wars (2015) Schmilco
Schmilco
(2016)

Awards and nominations[edit] Grammy Awards[edit]

Year Work/Artist Award Result

1999 Mermaid Avenue Best Contemporary Folk Album Nominated

2005 A Ghost Is Born Best Alternative Music Album Won

Best Recording Package Awarded to the art director Peter Buchanan-Smith & Dan Nadel Won

2008 Sky Blue Sky Best Rock Album Nominated

2010 Wilco
Wilco
(The Album) Best Americana Album Nominated

2012 The Whole Love Best Rock Album Nominated

2016 Star Wars Best Alternative Music Album Nominated

Shortlist Music Prizes[edit]

Year Award Work/Artist Result

2004 Shortlist Music Prize A Ghost Is Born Nominated

2007 Shortlist Music Prize Sky Blue Sky Nominated

Wired Rave Awards[edit]

Year Award Work/Artist Result

2003 Wired Rave Award Yankee Hotel Foxtrot Won

See also[edit]

Alternative music portal Chicago
Chicago
portal Country music portal

Notes[edit]

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Winning Band, Wilco, Will Make the Pilgrimage to Franklin, TN". Pilgrimage Festival. Archived from the original on September 15, 2015. Retrieved August 24, 2015.  ^ " Album
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review: Wilco, Star Wars". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved August 24, 2015.  ^ " Wilco
Wilco
Releases Surprise New Album
Album
Star Wars". The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 24, 2015.  ^ " Wilco
Wilco
is Not A Country Band". Boise Weekly. Retrieved August 24, 2015.  ^ Press Release (September 25, 2012). "Indie-Rockers Wilco
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Make First Appearance At The Cascade Theatre Sept 26".  ^ Fricke, David (May 9, 2002). " Yankee Hotel Foxtrot
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(review)". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 12, 2007.  Last accessed July 18, 2007. ^ Blackstock, Peter (Fall 1995). " Jay Farrar
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Traces a Path Away from Uncle Tupelo". No Depression. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007.  Last accessed July 9, 2007. ^ a b Undertownmusic.com Archived December 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Sheridan, Phil (February 1995). "Roger, Wilco". Magnet.  ^ a b Kot 2004. p. 89 ^ Cynthia Bowers (August 23, 2009). "A Summer Song", CBS News Sunday Morning ^ Dawne, Vanessa (1995). " Wilco
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(interview)". Pop Culture Press.  ^ a b Kot 2004. p. 92 ^ Cameron, Keith (May 1997). "Last Twang in Town". Vox.  ^ "Heatseekers". Billboard. April 15, 1995.  ^ "The Billboard 200". Billboard. October 7, 1995.  ^ George-Warren, Holly (February 2, 1998). "Wilco: A.M. (review)". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 1, 2007.  Last accessed July 9, 2007. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Tomas. "A.M. > Overview". AllMusic.  Last accessed July 9, 2007. ^ "The 1995 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice.  Last accessed July 11, 2007. ^ Kot 2004. p. 97 ^ Kuelker, Michael (November 19, 1994). "New Wilco
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Satisfies Tupelo Fans". St. Louis
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Billy Bragg
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on July 15, 2007. ^ Allmusic Wilco
Wilco
Biography allmusic.com ^ Kot 2004. p. 209 ^ Kot 2004. p. 225–6 ^ "The Billboard 200". Billboard. May 11, 2002.  ^ a b c Cohen, Jonathan (April 13, 2007). "Wilco: In the Comfort Zone". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 19, 2007.  Last accessed July 15, 2007. ^ "Pazz & Jop 2002". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on February 20, 2003.  Last accessed July 15, 2007. ^ "2006 Q Magazine
Q Magazine
Readers' 100 Greatest Albums Ever". Q. February 2006.  ^ Levy 2005. p. 216 ^ Kot 2004. p. 220 ^ a b Kot 2004. p. 221 ^ Kot 2004. p. 222 ^ a b c Kot 2004. p. 240–1 ^ Pouncey, Edwin (August 2004). "Free the Spirit". The Wire.  ^ Jardin, Xeni (November 15, 2004). "Music Is Not a Loaf of Bread". Wired.  Last accessed July 23, 2007. ^ Kot 2004. p. 243 ^ Kot 2004. p. 244 ^ D'Angelo, Joe (July 7, 2004). "Lloyd Banks' Hunger Debuts at No. 1; Brandy Settles for No. 3". MTV News.  Last accessed July 16, 2007. ^ "2005 Grammy Award
Grammy Award
Winners: Complete List of 47th Annual Grammy Awards Winners". CBS News. Associated Press. February 13, 2005.  Last accessed July 16, 2007. ^ "The 2004 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on February 10, 2005.  Last accessed July 16, 2007. ^ Tangari, Joe (November 1, 2004). "The Wilco
Wilco
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Chicago
(2005)". Metacritic.  Last accessed July 16, 2007. ^ Crock, Jason (May 7, 2007). "Interview: Wilco". Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on June 8, 2007.  Last accessed July 16, 2007. ^ "Wilco–News". wilcoworld.net.  Last accessed July 16, 2007. ^ Cohen, Jonathan (June 5, 2007). " Wilco
Wilco
Takes a Spin with Volkswagen for TV Ads". Billboard.  Last accessed July 16, 2007. ^ Caro, Mark (June 10, 2007). "Does VW Deal Make Wilco
Wilco
a Sellout?". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune.  Last accessed July 26, 2007. ^ Hasty, Katie (May 23, 2007). "Linkin Park Scores Year's Best Debut with 'Midnight'". Billboard.  Last accessed July 16, 2007. ^ "Wilco–Sky Blue Sky–Music Charts". acharts.com.  Last accessed July 16, 2007. ^ Brubaker, James (May 15, 2007). ""Sky Blue Sky" (CD)". 30music.com.  Last accessed February 28, 2008. ^ Collette, Doug (June 9, 2007). "Sky Blue Sky". Allaboutjazz.com.  Last accessed February 28, 2008. ^ Hernandez, Pablo (May 22, 2007). "Sky Blue Sky". Lost at Sea Magazine.  Last accessed February 28, 2008. ^ Locke, Greg (2007). " Sky Blue Sky
Sky Blue Sky
Wilco". WhatzUp. Ad Media Inc.  Last accessed February 28, 2008. ^ Brown, David (December 14, 2007). "The Best Albums of the Year, from KUT". National Public Radio.  Last accessed February 28, 2008. ^ Solarski, Matthew (September 23, 2008). "Plan to Vote? Get Wilco/Fleet Foxes' Dylan Cover MP3". Pitchfork Media. Archived from the original on October 26, 2008. Retrieved November 1, 2008.  ^ "Colbert Report world premiere video". colbertnation.com.  Last accessed November 22, 2008. ^ "Ashesofamericanmovie.com". Ashesofamericanmovie.com. Archived from the original on August 22, 2009. Retrieved October 14, 2010.  ^ "Rollingstone.com". Rollingstone.com. Retrieved October 14, 2010.  ^ Cohen, Jonathan (August 18, 2008). " Wilco
Wilco
Eyeing Spring 09 for New Album". Billboard. Retrieved September 9, 2008.  ^ "Feist to guest on Wilco
Wilco
album". idiomag. March 6, 2009. Retrieved March 11, 2009.  ^ " Wilco
Wilco
(The Stream)". wilcoworld.net. May 13, 2009. Archived from the original on May 17, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2009.  ^ "Billboard Top Rock Albums". Billboard. July 18, 2009. Retrieved July 18, 2009.  ^ "Billboard.com". Billboard.com. August 5, 2009. Retrieved October 14, 2010.  ^ "Jolly Banker lives on with Wilco". Marketplace (radio program). April 30, 2009. Archived from the original on June 29, 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2009.  ^ "Jolly Banker credits". wilcoworld.net. May 1, 2009. Archived from the original on May 3, 2009. Retrieved May 1, 2009.  ^ " Wilco
Wilco
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Wilco
member Jay Bennett
Jay Bennett
dies". BBC
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References[edit]

Kot, Greg (2004). Wilco: Learning How to Die (1st ed.). New York: Broadway Books. ISBN 0-7679-1558-5.  Levy, Joe (2005). Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (1st ed.). New York: Wenner Books. ISBN 1-932958-61-4. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wilco.

Official website Wilco
Wilco
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Wilco
Wilco
at AllMusic Wilco
Wilco
at Rolling Stone

v t e

Wilco

Nels Cline Mikael Jorgensen Glenn Kotche Pat Sansone John Stirratt Jeff Tweedy

Leroy Bach Jay Bennett Ken Coomer Bob Egan Brian Henneman Max Johnston Jim O'Rourke

Studio albums

A.M. Being There Summerteeth Yankee Hotel Foxtrot A Ghost Is Born Sky Blue Sky Wilco
Wilco
(The Album) The Whole Love Star Wars Schmilco

Live albums

Kicking Television: Live in Chicago

Mermaid Avenue

Mermaid Avenue Mermaid Avenue
Mermaid Avenue
Vol. II Mermaid Avenue
Mermaid Avenue
Vol. III Mermaid Avenue: The Complete Sessions

EPs

More Like the Moon

Compilations

Alpha Mike Foxtrot: Rare Tracks 1994 - 2014

DVDs

Man in the Sand I Am Trying to Break Your Heart Wilco
Wilco
Live: Ashes of American Flags

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Wilco
Book Wilco: Learning How to Die Record Club dBpm Records

v t e

Uncle Tupelo

Jay Farrar Jeff Tweedy Mike Heidorn

Bill Belzer Ken Coomer Max Johnston John Stirratt

Discography

No Depression Still Feel Gone March 16-20, 1992 Anodyne 89/93: An Anthology

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Old Liquidator The Lonesome Death of Buck McCoy My Chartreuse Opinion Let the War Against Music Begin Down with Wilco In Rock The Minus 5 Killingsworth

EPs

Hello EP The Emperor of the Bathroom At the Organ

Compilations

I Don't Know Who I Am ( Let the War Against Music Begin Vol. 2)

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Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 132848717 LCCN: no99030483 ISNI: 0000 0001 1523 0122 GND: 10176754-7 BNF: cb13979087n (data) MusicBrainz: 9e53f84d-ef44-4c16

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