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The Info List - Whitney Houston





Whitney Elizabeth Houston (August 9, 1963 – February 11, 2012) was an American singer and actress. She was cited as the most awarded female artist of all time by Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
and remains one of the best-selling music artists of all time with 200 million records sold worldwide. Houston released seven studio albums and two soundtrack albums, all of which have been certified diamond, multi-platinum, platinum, or gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). Her crossover appeal on the popular music charts—as well as her prominence on MTV, starting with her video for "How Will I Know"—influenced several African-American women artists who followed in her footsteps. Houston began singing in church as a child and became a background vocalist while in high school. With the guidance of Arista Records chairman Clive Davis, she signed to the label at the age of 19. Her first two studio albums, Whitney Houston (1985) and Whitney (1987), both reached number one on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
in the United States and became two of the world's best-selling albums of all time. She became the only artist to have seven consecutive number-one singles on the US Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart, from "Saving All My Love for You" in 1985 to "Where Do Broken Hearts Go" in 1988. Houston made her screen acting debut in the romantic thriller film The Bodyguard (1992). She recorded seven songs for the film's soundtrack, including "I Will Always Love You", which received the Grammy
Grammy
Award for Record of the Year and became the best-selling single by a woman in music history. The soundtrack album received the Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Album of the Year and remains the best-selling female album of all time, as well as the best-selling soundtrack album in history. Houston made other high-profile film appearances, including Waiting to Exhale (1995) and The Preacher's Wife
The Preacher's Wife
(1996). The theme song "Exhale (Shoop Shoop)" became her eleventh and final number-one single on the Hot 100 chart, while The Preacher Wife's soundtrack became the best-selling gospel album in history. Following the critical and commercial success of My Love Is Your Love (1998), Houston signed a $100 million contract with Arista Records. However, her personal struggles began overshadowing her career, and the album Just Whitney
Just Whitney
(2002) received mixed reviews. Her drug use and tumultuous marriage to Bobby Brown were widely publicized in media. After a six-year break from recording, Houston returned to the top of the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
chart with her final studio album, I Look to You (2009). On February 11, 2012, Houston was found dead in the Beverly Hilton, Beverly Hills, California. The coroner's report showed that she had accidentally drowned in the bathtub, with heart disease and cocaine use as contributing factors. News of her death coincided with the 2012 Grammy
Grammy
Awards, at which she was originally scheduled to perform, and featured prominently in international media.

Contents

1 Life and career

1.1 1963–1984: Early life and career beginnings 1.2 1985–1986: Whitney Houston and rise to international prominence 1.3 1987–1991: Whitney, I'm Your Baby Tonight
I'm Your Baby Tonight
and "The Star Spangled Banner" 1.4 1992–1994: Marriage, motherhood, and The Bodyguard 1.5 1995–1997: Waiting to Exhale, The Preacher's Wife, and Cinderella 1.6 1998–2000: My Love Is Your Love
My Love Is Your Love
and Whitney: The Greatest Hits 1.7 2000–2005: Just Whitney
Just Whitney
and personal struggles 1.8 2006–2012: Return to music, I Look to You, tour and film comeback

2 Death and funeral

2.1 Reaction

2.1.1 Pre- Grammy
Grammy
party 2.1.2 Further reaction and tributes

3 Artistry and legacy

3.1 Voice 3.2 Influence 3.3 Awards and achievements 3.4 Documentaries

4 Discography 5 Filmography 6 Tours 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Life and career 1963–1984: Early life and career beginnings New Hope Baptist Church Whitney Houston was born on August 9, 1963, in what was then a middle-income neighborhood in Newark, New Jersey.[1] She was the daughter of Army serviceman and entertainment executive John Russell Houston, Jr. (September 13, 1920 – February 2, 2003), and gospel singer Emily "Cissy" (Drinkard) Houston.[2] Her elder brother Michael is a singer, and her elder half-brother is former basketball player Gary Garland.[3][4] Her parents were both African American. Through her mother, Houston was a first cousin of singers Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
and Dee Dee Warwick. Her godmother was Darlene Love[5] and her honorary aunt was Aretha Franklin,[6][7] whom she met at age 8 or 9 when her mother took her to a recording studio.[6] Houston was raised a Baptist, but was also exposed to the Pentecostal church. After the 1967 Newark riots, the family moved to a middle-class area in East Orange, New Jersey, when she was four.[8] Her parents' marriage later ended in divorce.[9] At the age of 11, Houston started performing as a soloist in the junior gospel choir at the New Hope Baptist Church in Newark, where she also learned to play the piano.[10] Her first solo performance in the church was "Guide Me, O Thou Great Jehovah".[11] While Houston was still in school, her mother, Cissy, continued to teach her how to sing.[12] Houston spent some of her teenage years touring nightclubs where Cissy was performing, and she would occasionally get on stage and perform with her. Houston was also exposed to the music of Chaka Khan, Gladys Knight, and Roberta Flack, most of whom would have an influence on her as a singer and performer.[13] In 1977, at age 14, she became a backup singer on the Michael Zager Band's single "Life's a Party".[14] In 1978, at age 15, Houston sang background vocals for Chaka Khan
Chaka Khan
and Lou Rawls.[15] Houston attended Mount Saint Dominic Academy, a Catholic girls' high school in Caldwell, New Jersey; there, she met her best friend, Robyn Crawford, who she described as the "sister she never had".[16] Houston graduated from Mount Saint Dominic in 1981.[17] In the early 1980s, Houston started working as a fashion model after a photographer saw her at Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall
singing with her mother. She appeared in Seventeen[18] and became one of the first women of color to grace the cover of the magazine.[19] She was also featured in layouts in the pages of Glamour, Cosmopolitan, Young Miss, and appeared in a Canada Dry
Canada Dry
soft drink TV commercial.[15] Her looks and girl-next-door charm made her one of the most sought after teen models of that time.[15] While modeling, she continued her burgeoning recording career by working with producers Michael Beinhorn, Bill Laswell
Bill Laswell
and Martin Bisi
Martin Bisi
on an album they were spearheading called One Down, which was credited to the group Material. For that project, Houston contributed the ballad "Memories", a cover of a song by Hugh Hopper
Hugh Hopper
of Soft Machine. Robert Christgau
Robert Christgau
of The Village Voice
The Village Voice
called her contribution "one of the most gorgeous ballads you've ever heard".[20] She also appeared as a lead vocalist on one track on a Paul Jabara
Paul Jabara
album, entitled Paul Jabara
Paul Jabara
and Friends, released by Columbia Records
Columbia Records
in 1983.[21] In 1983, Gerry Griffith, an A&R representative from Arista Records, saw Houston performing with her mother in a New York City nightclub. He convinced Arista's head Clive Davis
Clive Davis
to make time to see Houston perform. Davis was impressed and immediately offered a worldwide recording contract, which Houston signed. (Houston had been offered deals by recording agencies before—by Michael Zager in 1980, and by Elektra Records in 1981—but her mother declined them on the grounds that Whitney had yet to complete high school.[14][22]) Later that year, Houston made her national television debut alongside Davis on The Merv Griffin Show.[23] She performed Home (The Wiz song).[24] Houston did not begin work on an album immediately.[25] The label wanted to make sure no other label signed her away, and Davis wanted to ensure he had the right material and producers for Houston's debut album. Some producers had to pass on the project because of prior commitments.[26] Houston first recorded a duet with Teddy Pendergrass, "Hold Me", which appeared on his gold album, Love Language.[27] The single was released in 1984 and gave Houston her first taste of success, becoming a Top 5 R&B hit.[28] It would also appear on her debut album in 1985.

1985–1986: Whitney Houston and rise to international prominence With production from Michael Masser, Kashif, Jermaine Jackson, and Narada Michael Walden, Houston's debut album Whitney Houston was released in February 1985 and sold 25 million copies worldwide; Houston won her first Grammy Award
Grammy Award
with this LP.[29] Rolling Stone magazine praised Houston, calling her "one of the most exciting new voices in years" while The New York Times
The New York Times
called the album "an impressive, musically conservative showcase for an exceptional vocal talent".[30][31] Arista Records
Arista Records
promoted Houston's album with three different singles from the album in the US, UK and other European countries. In the UK, the dance-funk "Someone for Me", which failed to chart in the country, was the first single while "All at Once" was in such European countries as the Netherlands
Netherlands
and Belgium, where the song reached the top 5 on the singles charts, respectively.[32] In the US, the soulful ballad "You Give Good Love" was chosen as the lead single from Houston's debut to establish her in the black marketplace first.[33] Outside the US, the song failed to get enough attention to become a hit, but in the US, it gave the album its first major hit as it peaked at No. 3 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart, and No. 1 on the Hot R&B chart.[26] As a result, the album began to sell strongly, and Houston continued promotion by touring nightclubs in the US. She also began performing on late-night television talk shows, which were not usually accessible to unestablished black acts. The jazzy ballad "Saving All My Love for You" was released next and it would become Houston's first No. 1 single in both the US and the UK. She was then an opening act for singer Jeffrey Osborne
Jeffrey Osborne
on his nationwide tour. "Thinking About You" was released as the promo single only to R&B-oriented radio stations, which peaked at number ten on the US R&B Chart. At the time, MTV
MTV
had received harsh criticism for not playing enough videos by black, Latino, and other racial minorities while favoring white acts.[34] The third US single, "How Will I Know", peaked at No. 1, and the video introduced Houston to the MTV
MTV
audience. Houston's subsequent singles from this and future albums would make her the first African-American
African-American
woman to receive consistent heavy rotation on MTV.[19] By 1986, a year after its initial release, Whitney Houston topped the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
albums chart and stayed there for 14 non-consecutive weeks.[35] The final single, "Greatest Love of All" (a cover of "The Greatest Love of All", originally recorded by George Benson
George Benson
in 1977), became Houston's biggest hit yet;; the single peaked at No. 1 and remained there for three weeks on the Hot 100 chart, making Houston's debut the first album by a woman to yield three No. 1 hits. Houston was No. 1 artist of the year and Whitney Houston was the No. 1 album of the year on the 1986 Billboard year-end charts, making her the first woman to earn that distinction.[35] At the time, the album was the best-selling debut album by a solo artist.[36] Houston then embarked on her world tour, Greatest Love Tour. The album had become an international success, was certified 13× platinum (diamond) in the United States alone, and has sold 22 million copies worldwide.[37][38][39] At the 1986 Grammy
Grammy
Awards, Houston was nominated for three awards, including Album of the Year.[40] She was not eligible for the Best New Artist category because of her previous hit R&B duet recording with Teddy Pendergrass
Teddy Pendergrass
in 1984.[41] She won her first Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Pop Vocal Performance, Female for "Saving All My Love for You".[42] Houston's performance of the song during the Grammy
Grammy
telecast later earned her an Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program.[43] Houston won seven American Music Awards
American Music Awards
in total in 1986 and 1987, and an MTV
MTV
Video Music Award.[44][45] The album's popularity would also carry over to the 1987 Grammy
Grammy
Awards, when "Greatest Love of All" would receive a Record of the Year nomination. Houston's debut album is listed as one of Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time and on The Rock & Roll Hall of Fame's Definitive 200 list.[46][47] Houston's grand entrance into the music industry is considered one of the 25 musical milestones of the last 25 years, according to USA Today.[48] Following Houston's breakthrough, doors were opened for other African-American women such as Janet Jackson
Janet Jackson
and Anita Baker
Anita Baker
to find notable success in popular music and on MTV.[49][50]

1987–1991: Whitney, I'm Your Baby Tonight
I'm Your Baby Tonight
and "The Star Spangled Banner" Houston's second album, Whitney, was released in June 1987. The album again featured production from Masser, Kashif and Walden as well as Jellybean Benitez. Many critics complained that the material was too similar to her previous album. Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
said, "the narrow channel through which this talent has been directed is frustrating".[51] Still, the album enjoyed commercial success. Houston became the first woman in music history to debut at number one on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
albums chart, and the first artist to enter the albums chart at number one in both the US and UK, while also hitting number one or top ten in dozens of other countries around the world. The album's first single, "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)", was also a massive hit worldwide, peaking at No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart and topping the singles chart in many countries such as Australia, Germany and the UK. Her next three singles, "Didn't We Almost Have It All", "So Emotional", and "Where Do Broken Hearts Go", all peaked at number one on the US Hot 100 chart, giving Houston a total of seven consecutive number one hits; the previous record of six consecutive number one hits had been shared by The Beatles
The Beatles
and the Bee Gees.[52][53] Houston became the first woman to generate four number-one singles from one album. Whitney has been certified 9× Platinum in the US for shipments of over 9 million copies, and has sold a total of 20 million copies worldwide.[54] At the 30th Grammy Awards in 1988, Houston was nominated for three awards, including Album of the Year. She won her second Grammy
Grammy
for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)".[55][56] Houston also won two American Music Awards in 1988 and 1989, respectively, and a Soul Train Music Award.[57][58][59] Following the release of the album, Houston embarked on the Moment of Truth World Tour, which was one of the ten highest-grossing concert tours of 1987.[60] The success of the tours during 1986–87 and her two studio albums ranked Houston No. 8 for the highest-earning entertainers list according to Forbes
Forbes
magazine.[61] She was the highest-earning African-American
African-American
woman overall and the third highest entertainer after Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
and Eddie Murphy.[61] Houston was a supporter of Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
and the anti-apartheid movement. During her modeling days, she refused to work with agencies who did business with the then-apartheid South Africa.[62][63] On June 11, 1988, during the European leg of her tour, Houston joined other musicians to perform a set at Wembley Stadium in London to celebrate a then-imprisoned Nelson Mandela's 70th birthday.[62] Over 72,000 people attended Wembley Stadium, and over a billion people tuned in worldwide as the rock concert raised over $1 million for charities while bringing awareness to apartheid.[64] Houston then flew back to the US for a concert at Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
in New York City in August. The show was a benefit concert that raised a quarter of a million dollars for the United Negro College Fund.[65] In the same year, she recorded a song for NBC's coverage of the 1988 Summer Olympics, "One Moment in Time", which became a Top 5 hit in the US, while reaching number one in the UK and Germany.[66][67][68] With her world tour continuing overseas, Houston was still one of the top 20 highest-earning entertainers for 1987–88 according to Forbes magazine.[69][70]

Houston performing "Saving All My Love for You" on the Welcome Home Heroes concert in 1991 In 1989, Houston formed The Whitney Houston Foundation For Children, a non-profit organization that has raised funds for the needs of children around the world. The organization cares for homelessness, children with cancer or AIDS, and other issues of self-empowerment.[71] With the success of her first two albums, Houston became an international crossover superstar, appealing to all demographics. However, some black critics believed she was "selling out".[72] They felt her singing on record lacked the soul that was present during her live concerts.[18] At the 1989 Soul Train Music Awards, when Houston's name was called out for a nomination, a few in the audience jeered.[73][74] Houston defended herself against the criticism, stating, "If you're gonna have a long career, there's a certain way to do it, and I did it that way. I'm not ashamed of it."[18] Houston took a more urban direction with her third studio album, I'm Your Baby Tonight, released in November 1990. She produced and chose producers for this album and as a result, it featured production and collaborations with L.A. Reid
L.A. Reid
and Babyface, Luther Vandross, and Stevie Wonder. The album showed Houston's versatility on a new batch of tough rhythmic grooves, soulful ballads and up-tempo dance tracks. Reviews were mixed. Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
felt it was her "best and most integrated album".[75] while Entertainment Weekly, at the time thought Houston's shift towards an urban direction was "superficial".[76] The album contained several hits: the first two singles, "I'm Your Baby Tonight" and "All the Man That I Need" peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
chart; "Miracle" peaked at number nine; "My Name Is Not Susan" peaked in the top twenty; "I Belong to You" reached the top ten of the US R&B chart and garnered Houston a Grammy nomination; and the sixth single, the Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
duet "We Didn't Know", reached the R&B top twenty. The album peaked at number three on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
and went on to be certified 4× platinum in the US while selling 10 million total worldwide.[77] During the Persian Gulf War, Houston performed "The Star Spangled Banner" at Super Bowl XXV
Super Bowl XXV
at Tampa Stadium
Tampa Stadium
on January 27, 1991.[78] This performance was later reported by those involved in the performance to have been lip synced[79] or to have been sung into a dead microphone while a studio recording previously made by Houston was played. Dan Klores, a spokesman for Houston, explained: "This is not a Milli Vanilli
Milli Vanilli
thing. She sang live, but the microphone was turned off. It was a technical decision, partially based on the noise factor. This is standard procedure at these events."[80] (See also Star Spangled Banner lip sync controversy.) A commercial single and video of her performance were released, and reached the Top 20 on the US Hot 100, making her the only act to turn the US national anthem into a pop hit of that magnitude (José Feliciano's version reached No. 50 in November 1968).[81][82] Houston donated all her share of the proceeds to the American Red Cross
American Red Cross
Gulf Crisis Fund. As a result, she was named to the Red Cross Board of Governors.[78][83][84] Her rendition was critically acclaimed and is considered the benchmark for singers.[79][85] Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
commented that "her singing stirs such strong patriotism. Unforgettable", and the performance ranked No. 1 on the 25 most memorable music moments in NFL history list. VH1
VH1
listed the performance as one of the greatest moments that rocked TV.[86][87] Following the attacks on 9/11, it was released again by Arista Records, all profits going towards the firefighters and victims of the attacks. This time it peaked at No. 6 in the Hot 100 and was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.[88] Later in 1991, Houston put together her Welcome Home Heroes concert with HBO
HBO
for the soldiers fighting in the Persian Gulf War
Persian Gulf War
and their families. The free concert took place at Naval Station Norfolk
Naval Station Norfolk
in Norfolk, Virginia
Norfolk, Virginia
in front of 3,500 servicemen and women. HBO descrambled the concert so that it was free for everyone to watch.[89] Houston's concert gave HBO
HBO
its highest ratings ever.[90] She then embarked on the I'm Your Baby Tonight
I'm Your Baby Tonight
World Tour.

1992–1994: Marriage, motherhood, and The Bodyguard Throughout the 1980s, Houston was romantically linked to American football star Randall Cunningham and actor Eddie Murphy.[91] She then met R&B singer Bobby Brown at the 1989 Soul Train Music Awards. After a three-year courtship, the two were married on July 18, 1992.[92] On March 4, 1993, Houston gave birth to their daughter Bobbi Kristina Brown
Bobbi Kristina Brown
(March 4, 1993 – July 26, 2015),[93] the couple's only child. Brown would go on to have several run-ins with the law, including some jail time.[92] Houston stated during a 1993 interview with Barbara Walters
Barbara Walters
that she had had a miscarriage during the filming of The Bodyguard.[94] With the commercial success of her albums, movie offers poured in, including offers to work with Robert De Niro, Quincy Jones, and Spike Lee, but Houston did not feel the time was right.[91] Houston's first film role was in The Bodyguard, released in 1992 and co-starring Kevin Costner. Houston played Rachel Marron, a star who is stalked by a crazed fan and hires a bodyguard to protect her. USA Today listed it as one of the 25 most memorable movie moments of the last 25 years in 2007.[95] Houston's mainstream appeal allowed people to look past the interracial nature of the relationship between her character and Costner's.[96] However, controversy arose as some felt the film's advertising intentionally hid Houston's face to hide the film's interracial relationship. In an interview with Rolling Stone in 1993, Houston commented that "people know who Whitney Houston is – I'm black. You can't hide that fact."[13] Houston received a Razzie Award
Razzie Award
nomination for Worst Actress. The Washington Post said Houston was "doing nothing more than playing Houston," but added that she came out "largely unscathed if that is possible in so cockamamie an undertaking".[97] The New York Times
The New York Times
commented that she lacked passion with her co-star.[98] Despite the film's mixed reviews, it was hugely successful at the box office, grossing more than $121 million in the U.S. and $410 million worldwide, making it one of the top 100 grossing films in film history at its time of release, though it is no longer in the top 100 because of rising ticket prices since the time the film was released.[99] The film's soundtrack also enjoyed success. Houston executive-produced and contributed six songs for the motion picture's adjoining soundtrack album. Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
said it is "nothing more than pleasant, tasteful and urbane".[100] The soundtrack's lead single was "I Will Always Love You", written and originally recorded by Dolly Parton
Dolly Parton
in 1974. Houston's version of the song was acclaimed by many critics, regarding it as her "signature song" or "iconic performance". Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
and USA Today
USA Today
called her rendition a tour-de-force.[101][102] The single peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
for a then-record-breaking 14 weeks, number one on the R&B chart for a then-record-breaking 11 weeks, and number one on the Adult Contemporary charts for five weeks.[103] The single was certified 4× platinum by the RIAA, making Houston the first woman with a single to reach that level in the RIAA history and becoming the best-selling single by a woman in the US.[104][105][106] The song also became a global success, hitting number-one in almost all countries, and the best-selling single of all time by a female solo artist with 20 million copies sold.[107][108] The soundtrack topped the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
chart and remained there for 20 non-consecutive weeks, the longest tenure by any Arista album on the chart in the Nielsen SoundScan era (tied for 10th overall by any label), and became one of the fastest selling albums ever.[109] During Christmas week of 1992, the soundtrack sold over a million copies within a week, becoming the first album to achieve that feat under Nielsen SoundScan system.[110][111] With the follow-up singles "I'm Every Woman", a Chaka Khan
Chaka Khan
cover, and "I Have Nothing" both reaching the top five, Houston became the first woman to ever have three singles in the Top 11 simultaneously.[112][113][114] The album was certified 18× platinum in the US alone,[115] with worldwide sales of 45 million copies.[116]

Houston performing at a state dinner in the White House
White House
honoring then-South African president Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela
in 1994. Houston won three Grammys for the album in 1994, including two of the Academy's highest honors, Album of the Year and Record of the Year. In addition, she won a record 8 American Music Awards
American Music Awards
at that year's ceremony including the Award of Merit,[117] 11 Billboard Music Awards, 3 Soul Train Music Awards in 1993–94 including Sammy Davis, Jr. Award as Entertainer of the Year,[118] 5 NAACP Image Awards including Entertainer of the Year,[119][120][121] a record 5 World Music Awards,[122] and a BRIT award.[123] Following the success of the project, Houston embarked on another expansive global tour, The Bodyguard World Tour, in 1993–94. Her concerts, movie, and recording grosses made her the third highest-earning female entertainer of 1993–94, just behind Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
and Barbra Streisand according to Forbes
Forbes
magazine.[124] Houston placed in the top five of Entertainment Weekly's annual "Entertainer of the Year" ranking[125] and was labeled by Premiere magazine as one of the 100 most powerful people in Hollywood.[126] In October 1994, Houston attended and performed at a state dinner in the White House
White House
honoring newly elected South African president Nelson Mandela.[127][128] At the end of her world tour, Houston performed three concerts in South Africa to honor President Mandela, playing to over 200,000 people; this made her the first major musician to visit the newly unified and apartheid free nation following Mandela's winning election.[129] Portions of Whitney: The Concert for a New South Africa were broadcast live on HBO with funds of the concerts being donated to various charities in South Africa. The event was considered the nation's "biggest media event since the inauguration of Nelson Mandela".[130]

1995–1997: Waiting to Exhale, The Preacher's Wife, and Cinderella In 1995, Houston starred alongside Angela Bassett, Loretta Devine, and Lela Rochon
Lela Rochon
in her second film, Waiting to Exhale, a motion picture about four African-American
African-American
women struggling with relationships. Houston played the lead character Savannah Jackson, a TV producer in love with a married man. She chose the role because she saw the film as "a breakthrough for the image of black women because it presents them both as professionals and as caring mothers".[131] After opening at number one and grossing $67 million in the US at the box office and $81 million worldwide,[132] it proved that a movie primarily targeting a black audience can cross over to success, while paving the way for other all-black movies such as How Stella Got Her Groove Back and the Tyler Perry
Tyler Perry
movies that became popular in the 2000s.[133][134][135] The film is also notable for its portrayal of black women as strong middle class citizens rather than as stereotypes.[136] The reviews were mainly positive for the ensemble cast. The New York Times
The New York Times
said: "Ms. Houston has shed the defensive hauteur that made her portrayal of a pop star in 'The Bodyguard' seem so distant."[137] Houston was nominated for an NAACP Image Award for "Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture", but lost to her co-star Bassett.[138] The film's accompanying soundtrack, Waiting to Exhale: Original Soundtrack Album, was written and produced by Babyface. Though he originally wanted Houston to record the entire album, she declined. Instead, she "wanted it to be an album of women with vocal distinction", and thus gathered several African-American
African-American
female artists for the soundtrack, to go along with the film's message about strong women.[131] Consequently, the album featured a range of contemporary R&B female recording artists along with Houston, such as Mary J. Blige, Brandy, Toni Braxton, Aretha Franklin, and Patti LaBelle. Houston's "Exhale (Shoop Shoop)" peaked at No. 1, and then spent a record eleven weeks at the No. 2 spot and eight weeks on top of the R&B Charts. "Count On Me", a duet with CeCe Winans, hit the U.S. Top 10; and Houston's third contribution, "Why Does It Hurt So Bad", made the Top 30. The album debuted at No. 1, and was certified 7× Platinum in the United States, denoting shipments of seven million copies.[54] The soundtrack received strong reviews; as Entertainment Weekly
Entertainment Weekly
stated: "the album goes down easy, just as you'd expect from a package framed by Whitney Houston tracks ... the soundtrack waits to exhale, hovering in sensuous suspense"[139] and has since ranked it as one of the 100 Best Movie Soundtracks.[140] Later that year, Houston's children's charity organization was awarded a VH1
VH1
Honor for all the charitable work.[141] In 1996, Houston starred in the holiday comedy The Preacher's Wife, with Denzel Washington. She plays the gospel-singing wife of a pastor (Courtney B. Vance). It was largely an updated remake of the 1948 film The Bishop's Wife, which starred Loretta Young, David Niven
David Niven
and Cary Grant. Houston earned $10 million for the role, making her one of the highest-paid actresses in Hollywood
Hollywood
at the time and the highest-earning African-American
African-American
actress in Hollywood.[142] The movie, with its all African-American
African-American
cast, was a moderate success, earning approximately $50 million at the U.S. box offices.[143] The movie gave Houston her strongest reviews so far. The San Francisco Chronicle said Houston "is rather angelic herself, displaying a divine talent for being virtuous and flirtatious at the same time", and she "exudes gentle yet spirited warmth, especially when praising the Lord in her gorgeous singing voice".[144] Houston was again nominated for an NAACP Image Award and won for Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture.[145] Houston recorded and co-produced, with Mervyn Warren, the film's accompanying gospel soundtrack. The Preacher's Wife: Original Soundtrack Album included six gospel songs with Georgia Mass Choir that were recorded at the Great Star Rising Baptist Church in Atlanta. Houston also duetted with gospel legend Shirley Caesar. The album sold six million copies worldwide and scored hit singles with "I Believe in You and Me" and "Step by Step", becoming the largest selling gospel album of all time.[146] The album received mainly positive reviews. Some critics, such as that of USA Today, noted the presence of her emotional depth,[147] while The Times said, "To hear Houston going at full throttle with the 35 piece Georgia Mass Choir struggling to keep up is to realise what her phenomenal voice was made for".[148] She won Favorite Adult Contemporary Artist at the 1997 American Music Awards
American Music Awards
for The Preacher's Wife
The Preacher's Wife
soundtrack. In December 1996, Whitney's spokesperson confirmed that she had had a miscarriage.[149] In 1997, Houston's production company changed its name to BrownHouse Productions and was joined by Debra Martin Chase. Their goal was "to show aspects of the lives of African-Americans that have not been brought to the screen before" while improving how African-Americans are portrayed in film and television.[150] Their first project was a made-for-television remake of Rodgers & Hammerstein's Cinderella. In addition to co-producing, Houston starred in the movie as the Fairy Godmother along with Brandy, Jason Alexander, Whoopi Goldberg, and Bernadette Peters. Houston was initially offered the role of Cinderella in 1993, but other projects intervened.[151] The film is notable for its multi-racial cast and nonstereotypical message.[152] An estimated 60 million viewers tuned into the special giving ABC its highest TV ratings in 16 years.[153] The movie received seven Emmy
Emmy
nominations including Outstanding Variety, Musical or Comedy, while winning Outstanding Art Direction in a Variety, Musical or Comedy Special.[154] Houston and Chase then obtained the rights to the story of Dorothy Dandridge. Houston was to play Dandridge, the first African American actress to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress. Houston wanted the story told with dignity and honor.[150] However, Halle Berry
Halle Berry
also had rights to the project and got her version going first.[155] Later that year, Houston paid tribute to her idols, such as Aretha Franklin, Diana Ross, and Dionne Warwick, by performing their hits during the three-night HBO
HBO
Concert Classic Whitney: Live from Washington, D.C.. The special raised over $300,000 for the Children's Defense Fund.[156] Houston received the Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
Award for outstanding career achievements in the field of entertainment at the 12th Soul Train Music Awards.[157][158]

1998–2000: My Love Is Your Love
My Love Is Your Love
and Whitney: The Greatest Hits After spending much of the early and mid-1990s working on motion pictures and their soundtrack albums, Houston's first studio album in eight years, the critically acclaimed My Love Is Your Love, was released in November 1998. Though originally slated to be a greatest hits album with a handful of new songs, recording sessions were so fruitful that a new full-length studio album was released. Recorded and mixed in only six weeks, it featured production from Rodney Jerkins, Wyclef Jean
Wyclef Jean
and Missy Elliott. The album debuted at number thirteen, its peak position, on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
chart.[159] It had a funkier and edgier sound than past releases and saw Houston handling urban dance, hip hop, mid-tempo R&B, reggae, torch songs, and ballads all with great dexterity.[160] From late 1998 to early 2000, the album spawned several hit singles: "When You Believe" (US No. 15, UK No. 4), a duet with Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
for 1998's The Prince of Egypt
The Prince of Egypt
soundtrack, which also became an international hit as it peaked in the Top 10 in several countries and won an Academy Award for Best Original Song;[161] "Heartbreak Hotel" (US No. 2, UK No. 25) featured Faith Evans
Faith Evans
and Kelly Price, received a 1999 MTV
MTV
VMA nomination for Best R&B Video,[162] and number one on the US R&B chart for seven weeks; "It's Not Right but It's Okay" (US No. 4, UK No. 3) won Houston her sixth Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance;[163] "My Love Is Your Love" (US No. 4, UK No. 2) with 3 million copies sold worldwide;[164] and "I Learned from the Best" (US No. 27, UK No. 19).[165][166] These singles became international hits as well, and all the singles, except "When You Believe", became number one hits on the Billboard Hot Dance/Club Play chart. The album sold four million copies in America, making it certified 4× platinum, and a total of eleven million copies worldwide.[37] The album gave Houston some of her strongest reviews ever. Rolling Stone said Houston was singing "with a bite in her voice"[167] and The Village Voice
The Village Voice
called it "Whitney's sharpest and most satisfying so far".[168] In 1999, Houston participated in VH-1's Divas Live '99, alongside Brandy, Mary J. Blige, Tina Turner, and Cher. The same year, Houston hit the road with her 70 date My Love Is Your Love World Tour. While the European leg of the tour was Europe's highest grossing arena tour of the year,[169] Houston cancelled "a string of dates [during the] summer citing throat problems and a 'bronchitis situation'".[170] In November 1999, Houston was named Top-selling R&B Female Artist of the Century with certified US sales of 51 million copies at the time and The Bodyguard Soundtrack was named the Top-selling Soundtrack Album of the Century by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).[171] She also won The Artist of the Decade, Female award for extraordinary artistic contributions during the 1990s at the 14th Soul Train Music Awards, and an MTV
MTV
Europe Music Award for Best R&B.[172][173][174][175][176] In May 2000, Whitney: The Greatest Hits was released worldwide. The double disc set peaked at number five in the United States, reaching number one in the United Kingdom.[166][177] In addition, the album reached the Top 10 in many other countries.[178] While ballad songs were left unchanged, the album features house/club remixes of many of Houston's up-tempo hits. Included on the album were four new songs: "Could I Have This Kiss Forever" (a duet with Enrique Iglesias), "Same Script, Different Cast" (a duet with Deborah Cox), "If I Told You That" (a duet with George Michael), and "Fine", and three hits that had never appeared on a Houston album: "One Moment in Time", "The Star Spangled Banner", and "If You Say My Eyes Are Beautiful", a duet with Jermaine Jackson
Jermaine Jackson
from his 1986 Precious Moments album.[179] Along with the album, an accompanying VHS and DVD was released featuring the music videos to Houston's greatest hits, as well as several hard-to-find live performances including her 1983 debut on The Merv Griffin Show, and interviews.[180] The greatest hits album was certified 3× platinum in the US, with worldwide sales of 10 million.[181][182]

2000–2005: Just Whitney
Just Whitney
and personal struggles Though Houston was seen as a "good girl" with a perfect image in the 1980s and early 1990s, her behavior had changed by 1999 and 2000. She was often hours late for interviews, photo shoots and rehearsals, she canceled concerts and talk-show appearances, and there were reports of erratic behavior.[183][184] Missed performances and weight loss led to rumors about Houston using drugs with her husband. On January 11, 2000, airport security guards discovered marijuana in both Houston's and husband Bobby Brown's luggage at a Hawaii airport, but the two boarded the plane and departed before authorities could arrive. Charges were later dropped against them,[185] but rumors of drug usage by Houston and Brown would continue to surface. Two months later, Clive Davis
Clive Davis
was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame; Houston had been scheduled to perform at the event, but was a no-show.[186] Shortly thereafter, Houston was scheduled to perform at the Academy Awards, but was fired from the event by musical director and longtime friend Burt Bacharach. Her publicist cited throat problems as the reason for the cancellation. In his book The Big Show: High Times and Dirty Dealings Backstage at the Academy Awards, author Steve Pond revealed that "Houston's voice was shaky, she seemed distracted and jittery, and her attitude was casual, almost defiant", and that while Houston was supposed to sing "Over the Rainbow", she would start singing a different song during rehearsals.[187] Houston later admitted to having been fired.[188] In May 2000, Houston's long-time executive assistant and friend, Robyn Crawford, resigned from Houston's management company. The following month, Rolling Stone published a story stating that Cissy Houston
Cissy Houston
and others had held a July 1999 intervention in which they unsuccessfully attempted to persuade Whitney to obtain drug treatment.[186] In August 2001, Houston signed one of the biggest record deals in music history, with Arista/BMG. She renewed her contract for $100 million to deliver six new albums, on which she would also earn royalties.[189][190][191] She later made an appearance on Michael Jackson: 30th Anniversary Special, where her extremely thin frame further spurred rumors of drug use. Houston's publicist said, " Whitney has been under stress due to family matters, and when she is under stress she doesn't eat."[192] (In a 2009 interview with Oprah Winfrey, Houston acknowledged that drug use had been the reason for her weight loss.[193]) She was scheduled for a second performance the following night, but canceled it.[194] Within weeks, Houston's rendition of "The Star Spangled Banner" would be re-released after the September 11 attacks, with the proceeds donated to the New York Firefighters 9/11 Disaster Relief Fund and the New York Fraternal Order of Police.[195] The song peaked at No. 6 this time on the US Hot 100, topping its previous position.[165] In 2002, Houston became involved in a legal dispute with John Houston Enterprise. Although the company was started by her father to manage her career, it was actually run by company president Kevin Skinner. Skinner filed a breach-of-contract lawsuit and sued for $100 million (but lost), stating that Houston owed the company previously unpaid compensation for helping to negotiate her $100 million contract with Arista Records
Arista Records
and for sorting out legal matters.[196] Houston stated that her 81-year-old father had nothing to do with the lawsuit. Although Skinner tried to claim otherwise, John Houston never appeared in court.[197] Houston's father later died in February 2003.[198] The lawsuit was dismissed on April 5, 2004, and Skinner was awarded nothing.[199] Also in 2002, Houston did an interview with Diane Sawyer
Diane Sawyer
to promote her then-upcoming album. During the prime-time special, Houston spoke about her drug use and her marriage, among other topics. Asked about the ongoing drug rumors, she replied, "First of all, let's get one thing straight. Crack is cheap. I make too much money to ever smoke crack. Let's get that straight. Okay? We don't do crack. We don't do that. Crack is wack."[188] The "crack is wack" line was drawn from a mural that Keith Haring
Keith Haring
painted in 1986 on the handball court at 128th Street and Second Avenue in Manhattan.[200] Houston did, however, admit to using alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, and pills; she also acknowledged that her mother had urged her to seek help regarding her drug use. Houston also denied having an eating disorder, and denied that her very thin appearance was connected to drug use. Houston further stated that Bobby Brown had never hit her, but acknowledged that she had hit him.[188] In December 2002, Houston released her fifth studio album, Just Whitney. The album included productions from then-husband Bobby Brown, as well as Missy Elliott
Missy Elliott
and Babyface, and marked the first time that Houston did not produce with Clive Davis
Clive Davis
as Davis had been released by top management at BMG. Upon its release, Just Whitney
Just Whitney
received mixed reviews.[201] The album debuted at number 9 on the Billboard 200 chart and it had the highest first week sales of any album Houston had ever released.[202] The four singles released from the album did not fare well on the Billboard Hot 100, but became dance chart hits. Just Whitney
Just Whitney
was certified platinum in the United States, and sold approximately two million worldwide.[203][204] In late 2003, Houston released her first Christmas album One Wish: The Holiday Album, with a collection of traditional holiday songs. Houston produced the album with Mervyn Warren
Mervyn Warren
and Gordon Chambers. A single titled " One Wish (for Christmas)" reached the Top 20 on the Adult Contemporary chart, and the album was certified gold in the US.[205] In December 2003, Bobby Brown was charged with battery following a domestic altercation in which he allegedly threatened to beat Houston and then hit her in the face.[206] Having always been a touring artist, Houston spent most of 2004 touring and performing in Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and Russia. In September 2004, she gave a surprise performance at the World Music Awards in a tribute to long-time friend Clive Davis. After the show, Davis and Houston announced plans to go into the studio to work on her new album.[207] In early 2004, husband Bobby Brown starred in his own reality TV program, Being Bobby Brown, on the Bravo network. The show provided a view of the domestic goings-on in the Brown household. Though it was Brown's vehicle, Houston was a prominent figure throughout the show, receiving as much screen time as Brown. The series aired in 2005 and featured Houston in unflattering moments. Years later, The Guardian opined that through her participation in the show, Houston had lost "the last remnants of her dignity".[29] The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter said that the show was "undoubtedly the most disgusting and execrable series ever to ooze its way onto television".[208] Despite the perceived train-wreck nature of the show, the series gave Bravo its highest ratings in its time slot and continued Houston's successful forays into film and television.[209] The show was not renewed for a second season after Houston stated that she would no longer appear in it, and Brown and Bravo could not come to an agreement for another season.[210]

2006–2012: Return to music, I Look to You, tour and film comeback After years of controversy and turmoil, Houston separated from Bobby Brown in September 2006 and filed for divorce the following month.[211] On February 1, 2007, Houston asked the court to fast-track the divorce.[212] The divorce was finalized on April 24, 2007, granting Houston custody of Bobbi Kristina.[213] On May 4, Houston sold the suburban Atlanta home featured in Being Bobby Brown for $1.19 million.[214] A few days later, Brown sued Houston in Orange County, California
Orange County, California
court in an attempt to change the terms of their custody agreement. Brown also sought child and spousal support from Houston. In the lawsuit, Brown claimed that financial and emotional problems prevented him from properly responding to Houston's divorce petition.[215] Brown lost at his court hearing, leaving Houston with full custody and Brown with no spousal support.[216] In March 2007, Clive Davis
Clive Davis
of Arista Records
Arista Records
announced that Houston would begin recording a new album.[217] In October 2007, Arista released another compilation entitled The Ultimate Collection outside the United States.

Houston performing "My Love Is Your Love" with her daughter Bobbi Kristina Brown on Good Morning America, September 2, 2009 Houston gave her first interview in seven years in September 2009, appearing on Oprah Winfrey's season premiere. The interview was billed as "the most anticipated music interview of the decade".[218] Whitney admitted on the show to having used drugs with former husband Bobby Brown during their marriage; Houston said Brown had "laced marijuana with rock cocaine".[219] She told Oprah that before The Bodyguard her drug use was light, that she used drugs more heavily after the film's success and the birth of her daughter, and that by 1996 "[doing drugs] was an everyday thing ... I wasn't happy by that point in time. I was losing myself."[220] Houston told Oprah that she had attended a 30-day rehabilitation program.[221] Houston also acknowledged to Oprah that her drug use had continued after rehabilitation, and that at one point, her mother obtained a court order and the assistance of law enforcement to press her into receiving further drug treatment.[222] (In her 2013 book, Remembering Whitney: My Story of Love, Loss, and the Night the Music Stopped, Cissy Houston
Cissy Houston
described the scene she encountered at Whitney Houston's house in 2005 as follows: "Somebody had spray-painted the walls and door with big glaring eyes and strange faces. Evil eyes, staring out like a threat ... In another room there was a big framed photo of [Whitney] — but someone had cut [her] head out. It was beyond disturbing, seeing my daughter's face cut out like that." This visit led Cissy to return with law enforcement and perform an intervention.[223]) Houston also told Oprah that Bobby Brown had been emotionally abusive during their marriage, and had even spat on her on one occasion.[224] When Winfrey asked Houston if she was drug-free, Houston responded, "'Yes, ma’am. I mean, you know, don’t think I don’t have desires for it.'"[225] Houston released her new album, I Look to You, in August 2009.[226] The album's first two singles were the title track "I Look to You" and "Million Dollar Bill". The album entered the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
at No. 1, with Houston's best opening week sales of 305,000 copies, marking Houston's first number one album since The Bodyguard, and Houston's first studio album to reach number one since 1987's Whitney. Houston also appeared on European television programs to promote the album. She performed the song "I Look to You" on the German television show Wetten, dass..?. Three days later, she performed the worldwide first single from I Look to You, "Million Dollar Bill", on the French television show Le Grand Journal. Houston appeared as guest mentor on The X Factor in the United Kingdom. She performed "Million Dollar Bill" on the following day's results show, completing the song even as a strap in the back of her dress popped open two seconds into the performance. She later commented that she "sang [herself] out of [her] clothes". The performance was poorly received by the British media and was variously described as "weird" and "ungracious",[227] and a "flop".[citation needed] Despite this reception, "Million Dollar Bill" jumped to its peak from 14 to number 5 (her first UK top 5 for over a decade), and three weeks after release I Look to You
I Look to You
went gold. Houston appeared on the Italian version of The X Factor, also performing "Million Dollar Bill", this time to excellent reviews.[228] Houston was later awarded a Gold certificate for achieving over 50,000 CD sales of I Look to You in Italy.[229] In November, Houston performed "I Didn't Know My Own Strength" at the 2009 American Music Awards
American Music Awards
in Los Angeles, California. Two days later, Houston performed "Million Dollar Bill" and "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)" on the Dancing with the Stars season 9 finale. As of December 2009, I Look to You
I Look to You
has been certified platinum by the RIAA for sales of more than one million copies in the United States.[230] On January 26, 2010, her debut album was re-released in a special edition entitled Whitney Houston – The Deluxe Anniversary Edition.[231]

Whitney Houston at the O2 Arena, April 28, 2010, as part of her Nothing but Love World Tour Houston later embarked on a world tour, entitled the Nothing but Love World Tour. It was her first world tour in over ten years and was announced as a triumphant comeback. However, some poor reviews and rescheduled concerts brought negative media attention.[232][233] Houston canceled some concerts because of illness and received widespread negative reviews from fans who were disappointed in the quality of her voice and performance. Some fans reportedly walked out of her concerts.[234] In January 2010, Houston was nominated for two NAACP Image Awards, one for Best Female Artist and one for Best Music Video. She won the award for Best Music Video for her single "I Look to You".[citation needed] On January 16, she received The BET Honors Award for Entertainer citing her lifetime achievements spanning over 25 years in the industry. The 2010 BET
BET
Honors award ceremony was held at the Warner Theatre in Washington, D.C. and aired on February 1, 2010. Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
and Kim Burrell performed in honor of Houston, garnering positive reviews.[citation needed] Houston also received a nomination from the Echo Awards, Germany's version of the Grammys, for Best International Artist.[citation needed] Houston also performed the song "I Look to You" on the 2011 BET Celebration of Gospel, with gospel–jazz singer Kim Burrell, held at the Staples Center, Los Angeles. The performance aired on January 30, 2011.[235] Early in 2011, she gave an uneven performance in tribute to cousin Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
at music mogul Clive Davis' annual pre- Grammy
Grammy
gala.[citation needed] In May 2011, Houston enrolled in a rehabilitation center again, citing drug and alcohol problems. A representative for Houston said that the outpatient treatment was a part of Houston's "longstanding recovery process".[236] In September 2011, The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter announced that Houston would produce and star alongside Jordin Sparks and Mike Epps
Mike Epps
in the remake of the 1976 film Sparkle. In the film, Houston portrays Sparks' "not-so encouraging" mother. Houston is also credited as an executive producer of the film. Debra Martin Chase, producer of Sparkle, stated that Houston deserved the title considering she had been there from the beginning in 2001, when Houston obtained Sparkle production rights. R&B singer Aaliyah – originally tapped to star as Sparkle – died in a 2001 plane crash. Her death derailed production, which would have begun in 2002.[237][238][239] Houston's remake of Sparkle was filmed in late 2011 over a two-month period[240] and was released by TriStar Pictures.[241] On May 21, 2012, "Celebrate", the last song Houston recorded with Sparks, premiered at RyanSeacrest.com. It was made available for digital download on iTunes on June 5.> The song was featured on the Sparkle: Music from the Motion Picture soundtrack as the first official single.[242] The movie was released on August 17, 2012, in the United States. The accompanying music video for "Celebrate" was filmed on May 30, 2012. The video was shot over 2 days, and a sneak peek of the video premiered on Entertainment Tonight on June 4, 2012.

Death and funeral The Beverly Hilton
The Beverly Hilton
Hotel, where Houston's body was found "We miss you" message at the Los Angeles Theatre Flowers near the Beverly Hilton Hotel

Wikinews has related news: American pop star Whitney Houston dies at 48

Houston reportedly appeared "disheveled"[243][244][245] and "erratic"[246][247] in the days immediately prior to her death. On Thursday, February 9, 2012, Houston visited singers Brandy and Monica, together with Clive Davis, at their rehearsals for Davis' pre- Grammy
Grammy
Awards party at The Beverly Hilton
The Beverly Hilton
in Beverly Hills.[248][249] That same day, she made her last public performance when she joined Kelly Price on stage in Hollywood, California and sang "Jesus Loves Me".[250][251] Two days later, on February 11, Houston was found unconscious in Suite 434 at the Beverly Hilton Hotel, submerged in the bathtub.[252][253] Beverly Hills paramedics arrived at approximately 3:30 p.m., found Houston unresponsive, and performed CPR. Houston was pronounced dead at 3:55 p.m. PST.[254][255] The cause of death was not immediately known;[1][254] local police said there were "no obvious signs of criminal intent".[256] On March 22, 2012, the Los Angeles County Coroner's Office reported that Houston's death was caused by drowning and the "effects of atherosclerotic heart disease and cocaine use".[257][258] The office stated the amount of cocaine found in Houston's body indicated that she used the substance shortly before her death.[259] Toxicology results revealed additional drugs in her system: diphenhydramine (Benadryl), alprazolam (Xanax), cannabis and cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril).[260] The manner of death was listed as an "accident".[261] An invitation-only memorial service was held for Houston on Saturday, February 18, 2012, at the New Hope Baptist Church in Newark, New Jersey. The service was scheduled for two hours, but lasted four.[262] Among those who performed at the funeral were Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(rewritten version of "Ribbon in the Sky", and "Love's in Need of Love Today"), CeCe Winans ("Don't Cry", and "Jesus Loves Me"), Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
("Send Me an Angel"), Kim Burrell (rewritten version of "A Change Is Gonna Come"), and R. Kelly
R. Kelly
("I Look to You"). The performances were interspersed with hymns by the church choir and remarks by Clive Davis, Houston's record producer; Kevin Costner; Rickey Minor, her music director; her cousin, Dionne Warwick; and Ray Watson, her security guard for the past 11 years. Aretha Franklin
Aretha Franklin
was listed on the program and was expected to sing, but was unable to attend the service.[263][264] Bobby Brown was also invited to the funeral, but departed shortly after the service began.[265] Houston was buried on February 19, 2012, in Fairview Cemetery, in Westfield, New Jersey, next to her father, John Russell Houston, who died in 2003.[266] In June 2012, the McDonald's Gospelfest
McDonald's Gospelfest
in Newark became a tribute to Houston.[267]

Reaction Pre- Grammy
Grammy
party The February 11th, 2012 Clive Davis
Clive Davis
pre- Grammy
Grammy
party that Houston was expected to attend, which featured many of the biggest names in music and movies, went on as scheduled – although it was quickly turned into a tribute to Houston. Davis spoke about Houston's death at the evening's start:

By now you have all learned of the unspeakably tragic news of our beloved Whitney's passing. I don't have to mask my emotion in front of a room full of so many dear friends. I am personally devastated by the loss of someone who has meant so much to me for so many years. Whitney was so full of life. She was so looking forward to tonight even though she wasn't scheduled to perform. Whitney was a beautiful person and a talent beyond compare. She graced this stage with her regal presence and gave so many memorable performances here over the years. Simply put, Whitney would have wanted the music to go on and her family asked that we carry on.[268] Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
spoke of Houston's death before performing at Davis's party. He said, "First, it was Michael Jackson, then Amy Winehouse, now, the magnificent Whitney Houston." Bennett sang "How Do You Keep the Music Playing?" and said of Houston, "When I first heard her, I called Clive Davis
Clive Davis
and said, 'You finally found the greatest singer I've ever heard in my life.'"[269] Some celebrities opposed Davis' decision to continue on the party while a police investigation was being conducted in Houston's hotel room and her body was still in the building. Chaka Khan, in an interview with CNN's Piers Morgan
Piers Morgan
on February 13, 2012, shared that she felt the party should have been canceled, saying: "I thought that was complete insanity. And knowing Whitney I don't believe that she would have said 'the show must go on.' She's the kind of woman that would've said 'Stop everything! Un-unh. I'm not going to be there.'"[270] Sharon Osbourne
Sharon Osbourne
condemned the Davis party, declaring: "I think it was disgraceful that the party went on. I don't want to be in a hotel room when there's someone you admire who's tragically lost their life four floors up. I'm not interested in being in that environment and I think when you grieve someone, you do it privately, you do it with people who understand you. I thought it was so wrong."[271]

Further reaction and tributes Many other celebrities released statements responding to Houston's death. Darlene Love, Houston's godmother, hearing the news of her death, said, "It felt like I had been struck by a lightning bolt in my gut."[272] Dolly Parton, whose song "I Will Always Love You" was covered by Houston, said, "I will always be grateful and in awe of the wonderful performance she did on my song, and I can truly say from the bottom of my heart, 'Whitney, I will always love you. You will be missed.'" Aretha Franklin
Aretha Franklin
said, "It's so stunning and unbelievable. I couldn't believe what I was reading coming across the TV screen."[273] Others paying tribute included Mariah Carey, Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
and Oprah Winfrey.[274][275] Moments after news of her death emerged, CNN, MS NBC
NBC
and Fox News
Fox News
all broke from their regularly scheduled programming to dedicate time to non-stop coverage of Houston's death. All three featured live interviews with people who had known Houston including those that had worked with her, interviewed her along with some of her peers in the music industry. Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
displayed a photo of a smiling Houston, alongside Molly Shannon, from her 1996 appearance.[276][277] MTV
MTV
and VH-1 interrupted their regularly scheduled programming on Sunday February 12 to air many of Houston's classic videos with MTV
MTV
often airing news segments in between and featuring various reactions from fans and celebrities. Houston's former husband, Bobby Brown, was reported to be "in and out of crying fits" after receiving the news. He did not cancel a scheduled performance and within hours of his ex-wife's sudden death, an audience in Mississippi observed as Brown blew kisses skyward, tearfully saying: "I love you, Whitney."[278] Ken Ehrlich, executive producer of the 54th Grammy
Grammy
Awards, announced that Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
would perform a tribute to Houston at the February 12, 2012 ceremony. He said "event organizers believed Hudson – an Academy Award-winning actress and Grammy Award-winning artist – could perform a respectful musical tribute to Houston." Ehrlich went on to say: "It's too fresh in everyone's memory to do more at this time, but we would be remiss if we didn't recognize Whitney's remarkable contribution to music fans in general, and in particular her close ties with the Grammy
Grammy
telecast and her Grammy
Grammy
wins and nominations over the years."[279] At the start of the awards ceremony, footage of Houston performing "I Will Always Love You" from the 1994 Grammys was shown following a prayer read by host LL Cool J. Later in the program, following a montage of photos of musicians who died in 2011 with Houston singing "Saving All My Love for You" at the 1986 Grammys, Hudson paid tribute to Houston and the other artists by performing "I Will Always Love You".[280][281] The tribute was partially credited for the Grammys telecast getting its second highest ratings in history.[282] Houston was honored with various tributes at the 43rd NAACP Image Awards, held on February 17. An image montage of Houston and important black figures who died in 2011 was followed by video footage from the 1994 ceremony, which depicted her accepting two Image Awards for outstanding female artist and entertainer of the year. Following the video tribute, Yolanda Adams
Yolanda Adams
delivered a rendition of "I Love the Lord" from The Preacher's Wife
The Preacher's Wife
Soundtrack. In the finale of the ceremony, Kirk Franklin
Kirk Franklin
and the Family started their performance with "The Greatest Love of All".[283] The 2012 BRIT Awards, which took place at London's O2 Arena on February 21, also paid tribute to Houston by playing a 30-second video montage of her music videos with a snippet of "One Moment in Time" as the background music in the ceremony's first segment.[284] New Jersey Governor Chris Christie said that all New Jersey state flags would be flown at half-staff on Tuesday, February 21, to honor Houston.[285] Houston was also featured, alongside other recently deceased figures from the movie industry, in the In Memoriam montage at the 84th Academy Awards on February 26, 2012.[286][287] On May 17, 2017, Albanian-American singer Bebe Rexha
Bebe Rexha
released a single titled "The Way I Are (Dance with Somebody)" from her two part album All Your Fault.[288] The song mentions Houston's name in the opening lyrics, "I'm sorry, I'm not the most pretty, I'll never ever sing like Whitney.", before going on to sample some of Houston's lyrics for "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)" in the chorus.[289] The song was in part made as a tribute to Whitney Houston's life.[290][291]

Artistry and legacy Voice

"I Will Always Love You" (1992)

A song written by Dolly Parton, and one of Houston's most-recognised and best selling singles worldwide, "I Will Always Love You" prominently uses melismas. Problems playing this file? See media help.

Houston was a mezzo-soprano,[292][293] and was commonly referred to as "The Voice" in reference to her exceptional vocal talent.[294] She was third in MTV's list of 22 Greatest Voices[295] and sixth on Online Magazine COVE's list of the 100 Best Pop Vocalists with a score of 48.5/50.[296] Jon Pareles of The New York Times
The New York Times
stated she "always had a great big voice, a technical marvel from its velvety depths to its ballistic middle register to its ringing and airy heights".[297] In 2008, Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
listed Houston as the thirty-fourth of the 100 greatest singers of all time, stating, "Her voice is a mammoth, coruscating cry: Few vocalists could get away with opening a song with 45 unaccompanied seconds of singing, but Houston's powerhouse version of Dolly Parton's 'I Will Always Love You' is a tour de force."[101] Matthew Perpetua from Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
also eulogized Houston's vocal, enumerating ten performances, including "How Will I Know" from the 1986 MTV
MTV
VMAs and "The Star Spangled Banner" at the 1991 Super Bowl. " Whitney Houston was blessed with an astonishing vocal range and extraordinary technical skill, but what truly made her a great singer was her ability to connect with a song and drive home its drama and emotion with incredible precision", he stated. "She was a brilliant performer, and her live shows often eclipsed her studio recordings."[298] According to Newsweek, Houston had a four-octave range.[299] Jon Caramanica of The New York Times
The New York Times
commented, "Her voice was clean and strong, with barely any grit, well suited to the songs of love and aspiration. [ ... ] Hers was a voice of triumph and achievement, and it made for any number of stunning, time-stopping vocal performances."[300] Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
stated, "She [Whitney] has a really rich, strong mid-belt that very few people have. She sounds really good, really strong."[301] While in her review of I Look to You, music critic Ann Powers of the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
writes, "[Houston's voice] stands like monuments upon the landscape of 20th century pop, defining the architecture of their times, sheltering the dreams of millions and inspiring the climbing careers of countless imitators", adding "When she was at her best, nothing could match her huge, clean, cool mezzo-soprano."[293] Lauren Everitt from BBC News
BBC News
Magazine commented on melisma used in Houston's recording and its influence. "An early 'I' in Whitney Houston's 'I Will Always Love You' takes nearly six seconds to sing. In those seconds the former gospel singer-turned-pop star packs a series of different notes into the single syllable", stated Everitt. "The technique is repeated throughout the song, most pronouncedly on every 'I' and 'you'. The vocal technique is called melisma, and it has inspired a host of imitators. Other artists may have used it before Houston, but it was her rendition of Dolly Parton's love song that pushed the technique into the mainstream in the 90s. [ ... ] But perhaps what Houston nailed best was moderation." Everitt said that "[i]n a climate of reality shows ripe with 'oversinging,' it's easy to appreciate Houston's ability to save melisma for just the right moment."[302] Houston's vocal stylings have had a significant impact on the music industry. According to Linda Lister in Divafication: The Deification of Modern Female Pop Stars, she has been called the "Queen of Pop" for her influence during the 1990s, commercially rivaling Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
and Celine Dion.[303] Stephen Holden from The New York Times, in his review of Houston's Radio City Music Hall
Radio City Music Hall
concert on July 20, 1993, praised her attitude as a singer, writing, " Whitney Houston is one of the few contemporary pop stars of whom it might be said: the voice suffices. While almost every performer whose albums sell in the millions calls upon an entertainer's bag of tricks, from telling jokes to dancing to circus pyrotechnics, Ms. Houston would rather just stand there and sing." With regard to her singing style, he added: "Her [Houston's] stylistic trademarks – shivery melismas that ripple up in the middle of a song, twirling embellishments at the ends of phrases that suggest an almost breathless exhilaration – infuse her interpretations with flashes of musical and emotional lightning."[304] Elysa Gardner of the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
in her review for The Preacher's Wife Soundtrack praised Houston's vocal ability highly, commenting, "She is first and foremost a pop diva – at that, the best one we have. No other female pop star – not Mariah Carey, not Celine Dion, not Barbra Streisand – quite rivals Houston in her exquisite vocal fluidity and purity of tone, and her ability to infuse a lyric with mesmerizing melodrama."[305] Houston struggled with vocal problems in her later years. Gary Catona, a voice coach who began working with Houston in 2005, stated: "'When I first started working with her in 2005, she had lost 99.9 percent of her voice ... She could barely speak, let alone sing. Her lifestyle choices had made her almost completely hoarse.'"[306] After Houston's death, Catona asserted that Houston's voice reached "'about 75 to 80 percent'" of its former capacity after he had worked with her.[307] However, during the world tour that followed the release of I Look To You, "YouTube videos surfaced, showing [Houston's] voice cracking, seemingly unable to hold the notes she was known for".[307]

Influence During the 1980s, MTV
MTV
was coming into its own and received criticism for not playing enough videos by black artists. With Michael Jackson breaking down the color barrier for black men, Houston did the same for black women. She became the first black woman to receive heavy rotation on the network following the success of the "How Will I Know" video.[308] Following Houston's breakthrough, other African-American
African-American
women, such as Janet Jackson
Janet Jackson
and Anita Baker, were successful in popular music.[49][50] Baker commented that "Because of what Whitney and Sade did, there was an opening for me ... For radio stations, black women singers aren't taboo anymore."[309] AllMusic
AllMusic
noted her contribution to the success of black artists on the pop scene, commenting, "Houston was able to handle big adult contemporary ballads, effervescent, stylish dance-pop, and slick urban contemporary soul with equal dexterity" and that "the result was an across-the-board appeal that was matched by scant few artists of her era, and helped her become one of the first black artists to find success on MTV
MTV
in Michael Jackson's wake".[310] The New York Times stated that "Houston was a major catalyst for a movement within black music that recognized the continuity of soul, pop, jazz and gospel vocal traditions".[311] Richard Corliss
Richard Corliss
of Time magazine commented on her initial success breaking various barriers:

Of her first album's ten cuts, six were ballads. This chanteuse [Houston] had to fight for air play with hard rockers. The young lady had to stand uncowed in the locker room of macho rock. The soul strutter had to seduce a music audience that anointed few black artists with superstardom. [ ... ] She was a phenomenon waiting to happen, a canny tapping of the listener's yen for a return to the musical middle. And because every new star creates her own genre, her success has helped other blacks, other women, other smooth singers find an avid reception in the pop marketplace.[12] Stephen Holden of The New York Times
The New York Times
said that Houston "revitalized the tradition of strong gospel-oriented pop-soul singing".[312] Ann Powers of the Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
referred to Houston as a "national treasure".[293] Jon Caramanica, another music critic of The New York Times, called Houston "R&B's great modernizer", adding "slowly but surely reconciling the ambition and praise of the church with the movements and needs of the body and the glow of the mainstream".[300] He also drew comparisons between Houston's influence and other big names' on 1980s pop:

She was, alongside Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
and Madonna, one of the crucial figures to hybridize pop in the 1980s, though her strategy was far less radical than that of her peers. Jackson and Madonna were by turns lascivious and brutish and, crucially, willing to let their production speak more loudly than their voices, an option Ms. Houston never went for. Also, she was less prolific than either of them, achieving most of her renown on the strength of her first three solo albums and one soundtrack, released from 1985 to 1992. If she was less influential than they were in the years since, it was only because her gift was so rare, so impossible to mimic. Jackson and Madonna built worldviews around their voices; Ms. Houston's voice was the worldview. She was someone more to be admired, like a museum piece, than to be emulated.[300] The Independent's music critic Andy Gill also wrote about Houston's influence on modern R&B and singing competitions, comparing it to Michael Jackson's. "Because Whitney, more than any other single artist – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
included – effectively mapped out the course of modern R&B, setting the bar for standards of soul vocalese, and creating the original template for what we now routinely refer to as the 'soul diva' ", stated Gill. "Jackson was a hugely talented icon, certainly, but he will be as well remembered (probably more so) for his presentational skills, his dazzling dance moves, as for his musical innovations. Whitney, on the other hand, just sang, and the ripples from her voice continue to dominate the pop landscape." Gill said that there "are few, if any, Jackson imitators on today's TV talent shows, but every other contestant is a Whitney wannabe, desperately attempting to emulate that wondrous combination of vocal effects – the flowing melisma, the soaring mezzo-soprano confidence, the tremulous fluttering that carried the ends of lines into realms of higher yearning".[313] Houston was considered by many to be a "singer's singer", who had an influence on countless other vocalists, both female and male.[101][314] Similarly, Steve Huey from Allmusic wrote that the shadow of Houston's prodigious technique still looms large over nearly every pop diva and smooth urban soul singer – male or female – in her wake, and spawned a legion of imitators.[310] Rolling Stone, on her biography, stated that Houston "redefined the image of a female soul icon and inspired singers ranging from Mariah Carey
Mariah Carey
to Rihanna".[315] Essence ranked Houston sixth on their list of 50 Most Influential R&B Stars of all time, calling her "the diva to end all divas".[316] A number of artists have acknowledged Houston as an influence, including Celine Dion,[317] Mariah Carey,[101] Toni Braxton,[318] Lady Gaga,[319] Christina Aguilera,[320] LeAnn Rimes,[321] Jessica Simpson,[322] Nelly Furtado,[323] Kelly Clarkson,[324] Britney Spears,[325] Ciara,[326] P!nk,[325] Aneeka,[327] Ashanti,[328] Hayley Williams, Robin Thicke,[329] Jennifer Hudson,[330] Stacie Orrico,[331] Amerie,[332] Destiny's Child,[325][333] and Ariana Grande.[334] Mariah Carey, who was often compared to Houston, said, "She [Houston] has been a big influence on me."[335] She later told USA Today
USA Today
that "none of us would sound the same if Aretha Franklin
Aretha Franklin
hadn't ever put out a record, or Whitney Houston hadn't."[336] Celine Dion
Celine Dion
who was the third member of the troika that dominated female pop singing in the 1990s, did a telephone interview with Good Morning America
Good Morning America
on February 13, 2012, saying "Whitney's been an amazing inspiration for me. I've been singing with her my whole career, actually. I wanted to have a career like hers, sing like her, look beautiful like her."[337] Beyoncé
Beyoncé
told the Globe and Mail that Houston "inspired [her] to get up there and do what [she] did".[338] She also wrote on her website on the day after Houston's death, "I, like every singer, always wanted to be just like [Houston]. Her voice was perfect. Strong but soothing. Soulful and classic. Her vibrato, her cadence, her control. So many of my life's memories are attached to a Whitney Houston song. She is our queen and she opened doors and provided a blueprint for all of us."[339] Mary J. Blige
Mary J. Blige
said that Houston inviting her onstage during VH1's Divas Live show in 1999 "opened doors for [her] all over the world".[340] Brandy stated, "The first Whitney Houston CD was genius. That CD introduced the world to her angelic yet powerful voice. Without Whitney, half of this generation of singers wouldn't be singing."[341] Kelly Rowland, in an Ebony's feature article celebrating black music in June 2006, recalled that "[I] wanted to be a singer after I saw Whitney Houston on TV singing 'Greatest Love of All'. I wanted to sing like Whitney Houston in that red dress." She added that "And I have never, ever forgotten that song [Greatest Love of All]. I learned it backward, forward, sideways. The video still brings chills to me. When you wish and pray for something as a kid, you never know what blessings God will give you."[342] Alicia Keys
Alicia Keys
said " Whitney is an artist who inspired me from [the time I was] a little girl."[343] Oscar winner Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
cites Houston as her biggest musical influence. She told Newsday that she learned from Houston the "difference between being able to sing and knowing how to sing".[344] Leona Lewis, who has been called "the new Whitney Houston", also cites her as an influence. Lewis stated that she idolized her as a little girl.[345][346]

Awards and achievements Further information: List of awards and nominations received by Whitney Houston and Whitney Houston chart records and achievements Houston was the most awarded female artist of all time, according to Guinness World Records,[25] with two Emmy
Emmy
Awards, six Grammy Awards, 30 Billboard Music Awards, 22 American Music Awards, among a total of 415 career awards as of 2010. She held the all-time record for the most American Music Awards
American Music Awards
of any female solo artist and shared the record with Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
for the most AMAs ever won in a single year with eight wins in 1994.[347] Houston won a record 11 Billboard Music Awards
Billboard Music Awards
at its fourth ceremony in 1993.[348] She also had the record for the most WMAs won in a single year, winning five awards at the 6th World Music Awards in 1994.[349] In May 2003, Houston placed at number three on VH1's list of "50 Greatest Women of the Video Era", behind Madonna and Janet Jackson.[350] She was also ranked at number 116 on their list of the "200 Greatest Pop Culture Icons of All Time".[351] In 2008, Billboard magazine released a list of the Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists to celebrate the US singles chart's 50th anniversary, ranking Houston at number nine.[352][353] Similarly, she was ranked as one of the "Top 100 Greatest Artists of All Time" by VH1
VH1
in September 2010.[354] In November 2010, Billboard released its "Top 50 R&B/Hip-Hop Artists of the Past 25 Years" list and ranked Houston at number three who not only went on to earn eight number-one singles on the R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart, but also landed five number ones on R&B/Hip-Hop Albums.[355] Houston's debut album is listed as one of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time by Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
magazine[46] and is on Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's Definitive 200 list.[47] In 2004, Billboard picked the success of her first release on the charts as one of 110 Musical Milestones in its history.[356] Houston's entrance into the music industry is considered one of the 25 musical milestones of the last 25 years, according to USA Today
USA Today
in 2007. It stated that she paved the way for Mariah Carey's chart-topping vocal gymnastics.[48] In 1997, the Franklin School in East Orange, New Jersey was renamed to The Whitney E. Houston Academy School of Creative and Performing Arts. In 2001, Houston was the first artist to be given a BET
BET
Lifetime Achievement Award.[357] Houston is one of pop music's best-selling music artists of all-time, with an estimated 170–200 million records sold worldwide.[358][359] She was ranked as the fourth best-selling female artist in the United States by the Recording Industry Association of America, with 55 million certified albums sold in the US,[230][360] and held an Honorary Doctorate
Honorary Doctorate
in Humanities from Grambling State University, Louisiana.[361] Houston was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame in 2013.[362] In August 2014, Houston was inducted to the official Rhythm and Blues Music Hall of Fame
Rhythm and Blues Music Hall of Fame
in its second class.[363]

Documentaries In 2015, the biographical film Whitney premiered on Lifetime. The film was directed by Houston's Waiting to Exhale
Waiting to Exhale
co-star Angela Bassett, and Houston was portrayed by model Yaya DaCosta.[364][better source needed] A television documentary film entitled Whitney: Can I Be Me aired on Showtime on August 25, 2017.[365] The film was directed by Nick Broomfield.[366] On 27 April 2016, it was announced that Kevin Macdonald would work with the film production team Altitude, producers of Amy Winehouse film Amy (2015), on a new documentary film based on Houston's life and death. It is the first documentary authorized by Houston's estate.[367] That film, entitled Whitney, premiered at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival and was released internationally in theaters on July 6, 2018.[368]

Discography Main articles: Whitney Houston albums discography, singles, and videos Whitney Houston (1985) Whitney (1987) I'm Your Baby Tonight
I'm Your Baby Tonight
(1990) My Love Is Your Love
My Love Is Your Love
(1998) Just Whitney... (2002) One Wish: The Holiday Album (2003) I Look to You
I Look to You
(2009) Filmography Main article: Whitney Houston filmography The Bodyguard (1992) Waiting to Exhale
Waiting to Exhale
(1995) The Preacher's Wife
The Preacher's Wife
(1996) Cinderella (1997) Sparkle (2012) Whitney: Can I Be Me (2017) Whitney (2018) Tours Main article: List of Whitney Houston live performances World tours

The Greatest Love World Tour
The Greatest Love World Tour
(1986) Moment of Truth World Tour
Moment of Truth World Tour
(1987–88) I'm Your Baby Tonight
I'm Your Baby Tonight
World Tour (1991) The Bodyguard World Tour (1993–94) My Love Is Your Love
My Love Is Your Love
World Tour (1999) Nothing but Love World Tour
Nothing but Love World Tour
(2010) Regional tours

Feels So Right Tour (1990) Pacific Rim Tour (1997) The European Tour (1998) Soul Divas Tour
Soul Divas Tour
(2004) See also

African American
African American
portal

Book: Whitney Houston

American Music Award nominations for Whitney Houston Grammy
Grammy
Awards and nominations for Whitney Houston Honorific nicknames in popular music List of artists who reached number one in the United States List of artists who reached number one on the U.S. dance chart List of best-selling music artists References

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the queen of soul, then who is the queen of pop? In the 1990s, it would seem to be a three-way tie between Whitney Houston, Mariah Carey, and Celine Dion. Certainly all three have their devotees and detractors, but their presence has been inescapable." in Lister, Linda (2001). "Divafication: The Deification of Modern Female Pop Stars". Popular Music and Society. 25 (3/4). p. 1. ISSN 0300-7766.

^ Holden, Stephen. Review/Pop; For Whitney Houston, Showy Doesn't Count: The Show Is the Voice. The New York Times. July 22, 1993 [Retrieved March 13, 2011].

^ Oh, Whitney – for Heaven's Sake; November 24, 1996 [Retrieved March 6, 2011].

^ Perry, Caroline (August 12, 2012). "Whitney's bitter pill". NYPost.com. Retrieved March 3, 2018.

^ a b Connelly, Chris (February 17, 2012). " Whitney Houston Insider Reveals Singer's Anguished Fight to Win Back Her Voice". ABCNews.com. Retrieved December 19, 2017.

^ " Whitney Houston". Headliners and Legends. NBC. August 8, 2000.

^ Baker And The Rise Of Black Women In Pop. Los Angeles Times. January 18, 1987 [Retrieved March 26, 2011]. Tribune Company.

^ a b AllMusic. Whitney Houston Biography [Retrieved October 16, 2010].

^ Holden, Stephen. "The Pop Life; 1986, A Musically Conservative Year". The New York Times. December 31, 1986.

^ Holden, Stephen. "Review/Pop; Diana Ross
Diana Ross
Flirts With a Willing Audience". The New York Times. June 16, 1989.

^ Whitney Houston, the greatest voice of her generation. The Independent. February 17, 2012 [Retrieved February 20, 2012]. Independent Print.

^ Song Woong-ki. Whitney Houston to perform in Seoul. The Korea Herald. March 29, 2010 [Retrieved February 12, 2012].

^ Jann S. Wenner. Whitney Houston Biography; 2001 [Retrieved October 16, 2010].

^ "50 Most Influential RnB Stars". Essence. June 21, 2011. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved July 1, 2011.

^ Whitney Houston obituary; February 2012 [Retrieved February 12, 2012].

^ " Toni Braxton
Toni Braxton
Talks About Her Hit Love Songs, Sexy Image and Religious Background". Jet. January 17, 1994. Retrieved October 17, 2010.

^ " Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
'Started To Cry' When She First Heard 'Marry The Night'". MTV. MTV
MTV
Networks. May 27, 2011. Archived from the original on July 27, 2011. Retrieved July 15, 2011.

^ Rodman Sarah. "Teen queen Aguilera belts 'em out like Whitney Houston". Boston Herald. September 5, 1999. Page 064

^ IBTimes Staff Reporter. The International Business Times. LeAnn Rimes
LeAnn Rimes
Performs Whitney Houston Tribute of 'I Will Always Love You'; February 14, 2012 [Retrieved February 20, 2012].

^ Bandbiographies.com. Jessica Simpson
Jessica Simpson
Biography; July 10, 1980 [archived February 14, 2012; Retrieved February 12, 2012].

^ Jessicasimpsonlive.info. Jessica simpson online – Actress Singer Photo gallery wallpapers biography [archived February 22, 2012; Retrieved January 2, 2012].

^ "Artist Influences for Kelly Clarkson". MTV
MTV
Artists. Retrieved June 9, 2016.

^ a b c "Everybody Talk
Talk
About Pop Music!". MTV. August 2001.

^ Good Morning America. ABC. August 20, 2009.

^ Vera, Hernán (November 11, 2014). "Aneeka, una nueva voz venezolana al mundo". El Nuevo Herald
El Nuevo Herald
(in Spanish). The McClatchy Company. Retrieved January 29, 2015.

^ ABC News Internet Ventures. From Beyonce to Gaga: 8 Singers Influenced by Whitney Houston – Ashanti; February 16, 2012 [Retrieved February 20, 2012].

^ Cordova, Randy. "R&B singer-songwriter Robin Thicke
Robin Thicke
follows his own tune". Arizona Republic. March 4, 2009.

^ "Artist Influences for Jennifer Hudson". MTV
MTV
Artists. Retrieved June 9, 2016.

^ "Artist Influences for Stacie Orrico". MTV
MTV
Artists. Retrieved June 9, 2016.

^ Hall, Rashaun (July 27, 2002). " Amerie
Amerie
Offers 'All' She Has". Billboard. Retrieved October 19, 2010.

^ Roberts, Damone (October 7, 2010). "Beauty 101: Kelly Rowland's Next Chapter". Essence. Archived from the original on November 12, 2010. Retrieved October 17, 2010.

^ "ARIANA GRANDE COVERS Whitney Houston AT THE WHITE HOUSE". rap-up.com. Rap-Up.com. March 7, 2014. Retrieved May 9, 2015.

^ Mariah Calls, Whitney Falls. December 18, 2002 [archived June 4, 2009; Retrieved April 25, 2009]. Fox News.

^ Gardner, Elysa. "Carey frees her spirit, and it is named 'Mimi'". USA Today. April 11, 2005.

^ ABC News Internet Ventures. From Beyonce to Gaga: 8 Singers Influenced by Whitney Houston – Celine Dion; February 16, 2012 [Retrieved February 20, 2012].

^ Caldwell, Rebecca. "Destiny's Child". The Globe and Mail. July 21, 2001 page R1.

^ ABC News Internet Ventures. Beyoncé
Beyoncé
From Beyonce to Gaga: 8 Singers Influenced by Whitney Houston – Beyoncé; February 16, 2012 [Retrieved February 20, 2012].

^ 1st Annual BET
BET
Awards. Black Entertainment Television. June 19, 2001.

^ Yahoo! Music. Brandy On Whitney Houston's Self-Titled Debut: Black Music Month Album Spotlight No. 15; June 25, 2010 [Retrieved October 17, 2010].

^ "Celebrating Black Music". Ebony. Vol. 61 no. 8. Johnson Publishing Company. June 2006. p. 166. ISSN 0012-9011. Retrieved March 17, 2011.

^ Mitchell, Gail (November 14, 2009). "The Elements of Style". Billboard. Retrieved October 19, 2010.

^ Seymour, Gene. "Destiny's real child, Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
looks headed for stardom, and maybe an Oscar, with 'Dreamgirls'". Newsday. December 10, 2006. Page C06.

^ Leona Lewis' Spirited chart bid. The Boston Globe. October 19, 2007 [Retrieved October 18, 2010].

^ Newman, Melinda. " Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
to 'surprise duet' at Davis party". The Associated Press. February 6, 2008.

^ Whitney Houston to Take the Stage at the AMAs; November 11, 2009 [archived August 16, 2011; Retrieved March 17, 2011].

^ Pop Music Review: Houston Tops Off Record Night With Show's Highlight. Los Angeles Times. December 10, 1993 [Retrieved March 17, 2011].

^ Dezzani, Mark (May 21, 1994). " World Music Awards Gaining Stature". Billboard. Vol. 106 no. 21. Nielsen Business Media. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved February 9, 2010.

^ VH1. The Greatest " Ep. 071 "50 Greatest Women of the Video Era"; May 17, 2003 [archived June 29, 2011; Retrieved March 17, 2011].

^ "The 200 Greatest Pop Culture Icons Complete Ranked List" (Press release). VH1. July 21–25, 2003. Retrieved March 17, 2011.

^ Nielsen Business Media. The Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
All-Time Top Artists; 2008 [archived January 16, 2013; Retrieved March 17, 2011].

^ Cabaret: Whitney Houston. The New York Times. February 16, 1985 [Retrieved January 13, 2009].

^ Blog.vh1.com. Who Will Come Out On Top Of VH1's 100 Greatest Artists Of All Time? | Vh1 Blog; August 25, 2010 [archived August 23, 2012; Retrieved November 11, 2010].

^ Nielsen Business Media. Top 50 R&B/Hip-Hop Artists of the Past 25 Years; November 18, 2010 [Retrieved March 17, 2011].

^ "Billboard 110 Years: A Billboard Anniversary Salute". Billboard. November 27, 2004. Retrieved October 19, 2010.

^ Black Power, Plus Phantom Menace DVD will compete with pirated edit, another movie ad scandal, and more; June 22, 2001 [Retrieved January 12, 2010].

^ Dobuzinskis, Alex (September 15, 2009). " Whitney Houston says she is "drug-free"". Reuters. Retrieved November 1, 2009.

^ Sullivan, Caroline (February 12, 2012). " Whitney Houston obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved February 12, 2012.

^ RIAA. Top Selling Artists [archived July 1, 2007; Retrieved June 9, 2008].

^ Johnson Publishing Company. Ebony. Johnson Publishing Company; June 1990 [Retrieved February 13, 2012]. p. 138–.

^ "2013 Inductees". New Jersey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on April 17, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2013.

^ "R&B Music Hall of Fame sets big weekend to induct sophomore class featuring Michael Jackson, Whitney Houston, Marvin Gaye, Norm N. Nite and more". Cleveland.com. The Plain Dealer. August 19, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2014.

^ "First-Time Director Angela Bassett
Angela Bassett
Defends Her Whitney Houston Biopic – ABC News". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved February 14, 2015.

^ "6 Things We Learned From the Heartbreaking Whitney Houston Movie". EW.com.

^ Farber, Jim (April 26, 2017). " Nick Broomfield
Nick Broomfield
on his damning Whitney Houston film: 'She had very little control over her life'" – via www.theguardian.com.

^ " Whitney Houston's life to be documented on film". BBC News. April 28, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.

^ " Whitney Houston film trailer: Biopic reveals all in HEARTBREAKING new home videos". April 5, 2018.

Further reading .mw-parser-output .refbegin font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em .mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul list-style-type:none;margin-left:0 .mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>ul>li,.mw-parser-output .refbegin-hanging-indents>dl>dd margin-left:0;padding-left:3.2em;text-indent:-3.2em;list-style:none .mw-parser-output .refbegin-100 font-size:100% Whitney Houston. My love is your love: piano, vocal, chords. Alfred Publishing Co.; March 1999. ISBN 978-0-7692-7734-9. James Robert Parish. Whitney Houston: The Unauthorized Biography. Aurum Press; September 2003. ISBN 978-1-85410-921-7. James Robert Parish. Whitney Houston: Return of the Diva. John Blake; April 2010. ISBN 978-1-84454-919-1. Ammons, Kevin; Bacon, Nancy (1998). Good Girl, Bad Girl: An Insider's Biography of Whitney Houston. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Publ. Group. ISBN -9780806580128. Bowman, Jeffery (1995). Diva: The Totally Unauthorized Biography of Whitney Houston. New York: Harper. ISBN -9780061008535. Halstead, Craig (2010). Whitney Houston: For the Record. Sandy, UK: Authors OnLine. ISBN -9780755212781.

External links

Whitney Houstonat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata

Official website Whitney Houston at AllMovie Whitney Houston at AllMusic
AllMusic
Whitney Houston discography at Discogs
Discogs
Whitney Houston at the Encyclopædia Britannica Whitney Houston at Find a Grave Whitney Houston on IMDb Whitney Houston at the TCM Movie Database vte Whitney Houston Albums discography Singles discography Videography Live performances Awards and nominations List of songs Studio albums Whitney Houston Whitney I'm Your Baby Tonight My Love Is Your Love Just Whitney... One Wish: The Holiday Album I Look to You Soundtrack albums The Bodyguard The Preacher's Wife Live albums Whitney Houston Live: Her Greatest Performances Compilation albums Whitney: The Greatest Hits Love, Whitney The Ultimate Collection I Will Always Love You: The Best of Whitney Houston Other releases Whitney: Dancin' Special I Wish You Love: More from The Bodyguard Concert tours US Summer Tour The Greatest Love World Tour Moment of Truth World Tour Feels So Right Tour I'm Your Baby Tonight
I'm Your Baby Tonight
World Tour The Bodyguard World Tour The Pacific Rim Tour The European Tour My Love Is Your Love
My Love Is Your Love
World Tour Soul Divas Tour Nothing but Love World Tour Concerts and appearances Welcome Home Heroes with Whitney Houston The Concert for a New South Africa Whitney: Brunei The Royal Wedding Celebration Classic Whitney: Live from Washington, D.C. VH1 Divas
VH1 Divas
Live '99 Achievements Chart records and achievements Grammy
Grammy
Awards history American Music Awards
American Music Awards
history Related articles "Dance with Somebody" The Bodyguard (musical) Being Bobby Brown The Houstons: On Our Own Whitney: Can I Be Me Bobby Brown (ex-husband) Bobbi Kristina Brown
Bobbi Kristina Brown
(daughter) Cissy Houston
Cissy Houston
(mother) Whitney (2015 film) Whitney (2018 film)

Book Category

vte Whitney Houston singles Whitney Houston "Hold Me" "Thinking About You" "You Give Good Love" "All at Once" "Saving All My Love for You" "How Will I Know" "Greatest Love of All" Whitney "I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Who Loves Me)" "Didn't We Almost Have It All" "So Emotional" "Where Do Broken Hearts Go" "Love Will Save the Day" "I Know Him So Well" I'm Your Baby Tonight "I'm Your Baby Tonight" "All the Man That I Need" "Miracle" "My Name Is Not Susan" "I Belong to You" "We Didn't Know" The Bodyguard "I Will Always Love You" "I'm Every Woman" "I Have Nothing" "Run to You" "Queen of the Night" Waiting to Exhale "Exhale (Shoop Shoop)" "Count On Me" "Why Does It Hurt So Bad" The Preacher's Wife "I Believe in You and Me" "Step by Step" "My Heart Is Calling" My Love Is Your Love "When You Believe" "Heartbreak Hotel" "It's Not Right but It's Okay" "My Love Is Your Love" "I Learned from the Best" Whitney: The Greatest Hits "Could I Have This Kiss Forever" "If I Told You That" "Fine" "Same Script, Different Cast" Just Whitney... "Whatchulookinat" "One of Those Days" "Try It on My Own" "Love That Man" One Wish: The Holiday Album " One Wish (for Christmas)" I Look to You "I Look to You" "Million Dollar Bill" Sparkle "Celebrate" "His Eye Is on the Sparrow" I Will Always Love You "I Look to You" Other/featured/promotional singles "One Moment in Time" "It Isn't, It Wasn't, It Ain't Never Gonna Be" "The Star Spangled Banner" "Something in Common" "I Didn't Know My Own Strength" "Memories" "Higher Love"

Awards for Whitney Houston vtePrimetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program Perry Como
Perry Como
/ Dinah Shore
Dinah Shore
(1959) Harry Belafonte
Harry Belafonte
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1962) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
(1963) Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
(1964) Art Carney
Art Carney
(1967) Art Carney
Art Carney
/ Pat Paulsen
Pat Paulsen
(1968) Arte Johnson
Arte Johnson
/ Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
(1969) Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
(1971) Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
(1972) Tim Conway
Tim Conway
(1973) Harvey Korman
Harvey Korman
/ Brenda Vaccaro
Brenda Vaccaro
(1974) Jack Albertson
Jack Albertson
/ Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1975) Chevy Chase
Chevy Chase
/ Vicki Lawrence
Vicki Lawrence
(1976) Tim Conway
Tim Conway
/ Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1977) Tim Conway
Tim Conway
/ Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
(1978) Sarah Vaughan
Sarah Vaughan
(1981) Nell Carter
Nell Carter
/ André De Shields
André De Shields
(1982) Leontyne Price
Leontyne Price
(1983) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1984) George Hearn (1985) Whitney Houston (1986) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1987) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(1988) Linda Ronstadt
Linda Ronstadt
(1989) Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
(1990) Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
(1991) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1992) Dana Carvey (1993) Tracey Ullman
Tracey Ullman
(1994) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1995) Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1996) Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1997) Billy Crystal
Billy Crystal
(1998) John Leguizamo
John Leguizamo
(1999) Eddie Izzard
Eddie Izzard
(2000) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2001) Sting (2002) Wayne Brady
Wayne Brady
(2003) Elaine Stritch
Elaine Stritch
(2004) Hugh Jackman
Hugh Jackman
(2005) Barry Manilow
Barry Manilow
(2006) Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(2007) Don Rickles
Don Rickles
(2008)

vte Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Album of the Year1959–1979 The Music from Peter Gunn
The Music from Peter Gunn
Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1959) Come Dance with Me! – Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1960) The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(1961) Judy at Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall
Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) The First Family – Vaughn Meader
Vaughn Meader
(1963) The Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
Album – Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1964) Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
Stan Getz
Stan Getz
& João Gilberto
João Gilberto
(1965) September of My Years Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1966) A Man and His Music Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1967) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
The Beatles
The Beatles
(1968) By the Time I Get to Phoenix – Glen Campbell
Glen Campbell
(1969) Blood, Sweat & Tears – Blood, Sweat & Tears (1970) Bridge over Troubled Water
Bridge over Troubled Water
– Simon & Garfunkel (1971) Tapestry – Carole King
Carole King
(1972) The Concert for Bangladesh – George Harrison
George Harrison
& Friends (1973) Innervisions
Innervisions
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1974) Fulfillingness' First Finale
Fulfillingness' First Finale
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1975) Still Crazy After All These Years
Still Crazy After All These Years
Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1976) Songs in the Key of Life
Songs in the Key of Life
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1977) Rumours – Fleetwood Mac
Fleetwood Mac
(1978) Saturday Night Fever – Various Artists (1979) 1980–2000 52nd Street – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(1980) Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(1981) Double Fantasy
Double Fantasy
John Lennon
John Lennon
& Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
(1982) Toto IV
Toto IV
– Toto (1983) Thriller – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
(1984) Can't Slow Down – Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985) No Jacket Required
No Jacket Required
Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1986) Graceland – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1987) The Joshua Tree
The Joshua Tree
– U2 (1988) Faith – George Michael
George Michael
(1989) Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt
Bonnie Raitt
(1990) Back on the Block
Back on the Block
Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
and Various Artists (1991) Unforgettable... with Love Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
(1992) Unplugged – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1993) The Bodyguard Whitney Houston (1994) MTV
MTV
Unplugged – Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1995) Jagged Little Pill
Jagged Little Pill
Alanis Morissette
Alanis Morissette
(1996) Falling into You
Falling into You
Celine Dion
Celine Dion
(1997) Time Out of Mind – Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(1998) The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
(1999) Supernatural – Santana (2000) 2001–present Two Against Nature
Two Against Nature
Steely Dan
Steely Dan
(2001) O Brother, Where Art Thou? – Various Artists (2002) Come Away with Me
Come Away with Me
Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2003) Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Outkast
Outkast
(2004) Genius Loves Company
Genius Loves Company
Ray Charles
Ray Charles
& Various Artists (2005) How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
– U2 (2006) Taking the Long Way
Taking the Long Way
Dixie Chicks
Dixie Chicks
(2007) River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(2008) Raising Sand
Raising Sand
Robert Plant
Robert Plant
& Alison Krauss
Alison Krauss
(2009) Fearless – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2010) The Suburbs
The Suburbs
Arcade Fire
Arcade Fire
(2011) 21 – Adele
Adele
(2012) Babel – Mumford & Sons (2013) Random Access Memories
Random Access Memories
Daft Punk
Daft Punk
(2014) Morning Phase
Morning Phase
Beck
Beck
(2015) 1989 – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2016) 25 – Adele
Adele
(2017) 24K Magic – Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2018) Golden Hour – Kacey Musgraves
Kacey Musgraves
(2019)

vte Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Record of the Year1959−1980 "Nel Blu Dipinto Di Blu (Volare)" by Domenico Modugno
Domenico Modugno
(1959) "Mack the Knife" by Bobby Darin
Bobby Darin
(1960) "Theme from A Summer Place" by Percy Faith
Percy Faith
(1961) "Moon River" by Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1962) "I Left My Heart in San Francisco" by Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1963) "Days of Wine and Roses" by Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1964) "The Girl from Ipanema" by Astrud Gilberto
Astrud Gilberto
& Stan Getz
Stan Getz
(1965) "A Taste of Honey" by Herb Alpert
Herb Alpert
& the Tijuana Brass (1966) "Strangers in the Night" by Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1967) "Up, Up and Away" by The 5th Dimension
The 5th Dimension
(Billy Davis Jr., Florence LaRue, Marilyn McCoo, Lamonte McLemore, Ron Townson) (1968) "Mrs. Robinson" by Simon & Garfunkel (Art Garfunkel, Paul Simon) (1969) "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In" by The 5th Dimension
The 5th Dimension
(Billy Davis Jr., Florence LaRue, Marilyn McCoo, Lamonte McLemore, Ron Townson) (1970) "Bridge over Troubled Water" by Simon & Garfunkel (Art Garfunkel, Paul Simon) (1971) "It's Too Late" by Carole King
Carole King
(1972) "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" by Roberta Flack
Roberta Flack
(1973) "Killing Me Softly with His Song" by Roberta Flack
Roberta Flack
(1974) "I Honestly Love You" by Olivia Newton-John
Olivia Newton-John
(1975) "Love Will Keep Us Together" by Captain & Tennille (Daryl Dragon, Toni Tennille) (1976) "This Masquerade" by George Benson
George Benson
(1977) "Hotel California" by Eagles (Don Felder, Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Randy Meisner, Joe Walsh) (1978) "Just the Way You Are" by Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(1979) "What a Fool Believes" by The Doobie Brothers
The Doobie Brothers
(Jeffrey Baxter, John Hartman, Keith Knudsen, Michael McDonald, Tiran Porter, Patrick Simmons) (1980) 1981−2000 "Sailing" by Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(1981) "Bette Davis Eyes" by Kim Carnes
Kim Carnes
(1982) "Rosanna" by Toto (Bobby Kimball, Steve Lukather, David Paich, Jeff Porcaro, David Hungate, Steve Porcaro) (1983) "Beat It" by Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
(1984) "What's Love Got to Do with It" by Tina Turner
Tina Turner
(1985) "We Are the World" by USA for Africa
USA for Africa
(1986) "Higher Love" by Steve Winwood
Steve Winwood
(1987) "Graceland" by Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1988) "Don't Worry, Be Happy" by Bobby McFerrin
Bobby McFerrin
(1989) "Wind Beneath My Wings" by Bette Midler
Bette Midler
(1990) "Another Day in Paradise" by Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1991) "Unforgettable" by Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
with Nat King Cole
Nat King Cole
(1992) "Tears in Heaven" by Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1993) "I Will Always Love You" by Whitney Houston (1994) "All I Wanna Do" by Sheryl Crow
Sheryl Crow
(1995) "Kiss from a Rose" by Seal (1996) "Change the World" by Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1997) "Sunny Came Home" by Shawn Colvin
Shawn Colvin
(1998) "My Heart Will Go On" by Celine Dion
Celine Dion
(1999) "Smooth" by Santana (Rodney Holmes, Tony Lindsay, Karl Perazzo, Raul Rekow, Benny Rietveld, Carlos Santana, Chester Thompson) featuring Rob Thomas (2000) 2001−present "Beautiful Day" by U2 (Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, Larry Mullen Jr.) (2001) "Walk On" by U2 (Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, Larry Mullen Jr.) (2002) "Don't Know Why" by Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2003) "Clocks" by Coldplay
Coldplay
(Guy Berryman, Jon Buckland, Will Champion, Phil Harvey, Chris Martin) (2004) "Here We Go Again" by Ray Charles
Ray Charles
& Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2005) "Boulevard of Broken Dreams" by Green Day
Green Day
(Billie Joe Armstrong, Mike Dirnt, Frank Edwin Wright III) (2006) "Not Ready to Make Nice" by Dixie Chicks
Dixie Chicks
(Martie Maguire, Natalie Maines, Emily Robison) (2007) "Rehab" by Amy Winehouse
Amy Winehouse
(2008) "Please Read the Letter" by Alison Krauss
Alison Krauss
& Robert Plant
Robert Plant
(2009) "Use Somebody" by Kings of Leon
Kings of Leon
(Caleb Followill, Jared Followill, Matthew Followill, Nathan Followill) (2010) "Need You Now" by Lady Antebellum
Lady Antebellum
(Hillary Scott, Charles Kelley, Dave Haywood) (2011) "Rolling in the Deep" by Adele
Adele
(2012) "Somebody That I Used to Know" by Gotye
Gotye
featuring Kimbra
Kimbra
(2013) "Get Lucky" by Daft Punk
Daft Punk
(Thomas Bangalter, Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo) featuring Pharrell Williams
Pharrell Williams
& Nile Rodgers
Nile Rodgers
(2014) "Stay with Me" (Darkchild version) by Sam Smith (2015) "Uptown Funk" by Mark Ronson
Mark Ronson
featuring Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2016) "Hello" by Adele
Adele
(2017) "24K Magic" by Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2018) "This Is America" by Childish Gambino (2019)

vte NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actress in a Motion Picture Estelle Evans
Estelle Evans
(1969) Barbara McNair
Barbara McNair
(1970) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1971) Diana Ross
Diana Ross
(1972) No Award (1973) Ester Anderson (1974) Diahann Carroll
Diahann Carroll
(1975) Denise Nicholas
Denise Nicholas
(1976) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
(1977) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
(1978) Mavis Washington (1979) Irene Cara (1980) No Award (1981) Jayne Kennedy
Jayne Kennedy
(1982) Jennifer Beals
Jennifer Beals
(1983) Alfre Woodard
Alfre Woodard
(1984) Tina Turner
Tina Turner
(1985) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1986) Traci Wolfe
Traci Wolfe
(1987) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1988) Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
(1989) No Award (1990) No Award (1991) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1992) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1993) Angela Bassett
Angela Bassett
(1994) No Award (1995) Angela Bassett
Angela Bassett
(1996) Whitney Houston (1997) Vanessa Williams
Vanessa Williams
(1998) Angela Bassett
Angela Bassett
(1999) Nia Long
Nia Long
(2000) Sanaa Lathan
Sanaa Lathan
(2001) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2002) Angela Bassett
Angela Bassett
(2003) Queen Latifah
Queen Latifah
(2004) Kerry Washington
Kerry Washington
(2005) Kimberly Elise
Kimberly Elise
(2006) Keke Palmer
Keke Palmer
(2007) Jurnee Smollett
Jurnee Smollett
(2008) Rosario Dawson
Rosario Dawson
(2009) Gabourey Sidibe
Gabourey Sidibe
(2010) Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2011) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2012) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2013) Angela Bassett
Angela Bassett
(2014) Taraji P. Henson
Taraji P. Henson
(2015) Sanaa Lathan
Sanaa Lathan
(2016) Taraji P. Henson
Taraji P. Henson
(2017) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2018) Amandla Stenberg (2019)

Authority control BIBSYS: 98041777 BNE: XX846312 BNF: cb13924478j (data) GND: 118852663 ISNI: 0000 0001 1478 617X LCCN: n87938447 MusicBrainz: 0307edfc-437c-4b48-8700-80680e66a228 NARA: 10572734 NDL: 00649769 NKC: xx0015468 NTA: 071843930 SNAC: w6dv1rw9 SUDOC: 131922254 VIAF: 100252201 WorldCat Identities
WorldCat Identities
(via

.