West Springfield is a city in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United
States. It is part of the Springfield,
Statistical Area. The population was 28,391 at the 2010 census. The
city is also known as "West Side", in reference to the fact that it is
on the western side of the
Connecticut River from Springfield, a fact
which played a major part in the town's early history.
1.1 Early settlement
1.1.1 Early transportation problems
1.2 Parish formation and growing independence
1.3 Independence from Springfield
1.4 American Revolution
1.6 Natural disasters
1.8 Railroads and industrialization
1.9 Creation of Holyoke and Agawam
1.10 Highway construction
Interstate 91 planned for West Springfield
6.1 Mayors of West Springfield
7 Town services
8.4 Middle School
8.5 High School
8.6 School buildings and closings
10 Tourist attractions
13 Notable people
15 External links
In paraphrase, from the official town history book... The area that
became known as West Springfield was settled in 1635. The settlers
fled to higher ground on the east side of the river and founded
Springfield in the aftermath of the great hurricane of 1635. West
Springfield was good farm land, so some families did stay on the west
Early transportation problems
Other than the trade in beaver skins, economic activity in early
colonial Springfield consisted largely of subsistence farming and
animal husbandry, with barter being the preferred medium of exchange
for neighbors' crops, and locally produced goods. Gristmills and saw
mills were also present in the early settlement.
Connecticut River was too wide to be bridged at the time,
crossings had to be made by boat. The Hay Place was created between
the current town common and East School Street, for people who
farmed or mowed on land grants on the west side to leave their crops
while they awaited transport back to the eastern side.
By the 1650s some English settlers had begun living full-time on the
western side of the river, probably near what is now Riverdale Road,
across from the Chicopee River.
Early in that decade, Springfield had made a provision that any
able-bodied man (and his work animals) could be required to work up to
six eight-hour days on local roads (the barter economy equivalent of
an infrastructure tax). In 1666, the west side residents complained
about having to work on east side roads while their own were not well
taken care of. After considerable dispute, it was determined that the
men of the settlement would tend the roads on their own sides of the
Parish formation and growing independence
In many ways, the distinction between the church and the state in the
New England town
New England town form of government was fuzzy, though religious
and secular meetings were held separately and generally led by
For the early settlers of Springfield, attendance at both town
meetings and weekly
Congregational church services (often both held in
the town "meeting house") in the early settlement were mandatory, and
this was enforced by fines.
For several decades, West Side residents requested accommodation from
the town in the form of a free ferry service, but were refused by town
meeting and even by arbitrators from Northampton and Hadley. In
March 1683, Reice Bedortha, his son John, John's wife Lydia, and their
newborn Mercy, were drowned on the Connecticut on their way to church
when their boat capsized. The west side residents renewed their
complaints and began to demand their own church meeting house. On 29
May 1697, the
Massachusetts General Court finally approved a separate
parish and meeting house for the approximately 200 residents.
West side parishes were also created for Agawam (1696), Feeding Hills
(1800), and Holyoke ("North Parish" or "Ireland Parish" named for
early Irish settlers John and Mary Riley; 1786).
Massachusetts Bay Colony passed a law in 1647 requiring the
construction of a public school in any town with 50 or more families.
In 1706 after two years of petitioning, west side residents were
granted funds for the construction of a school (though west side
students might have been home-schooled before that time).
In 1707, the west side parish was delegated from Springfield town
meeting the right to grant land in its territory.
Independence from Springfield
Given the continuing need to cross the
Connecticut River to attend
town meetings, and east-west tension over resource allocation, the
west side residents petitioned the
Massachusetts General Court to be
incorporated as a separate town in 1756. After a particularly
contentious town meeting in 1773 which bounced between meeting houses
on opposite shores and nearly resulted in a year-long government
shutdown, proposals for partition were eventually sent from both sides
to the colonial legislature. On 23 February 1774, West Springfield was
incorporated as a separate town, with territory including what is now
Agawam and most of Holyoke.
Another dispute was immediately created when the charter of the town
prevented it from taxing the property of Springfield residents within
its boundaries. This law was later changed to apply only until such
property was sold, but the last such parcel did not become taxable by
West Springfield until the 1860s.
West Springfield minutemen participated in the American Revolutionary
War beginning on April 20, 1775, the day after the Battles of
Lexington and Concord. In 1777, a major contingent of Hessian and
British troops were captured at the
Battle of Saratoga
Battle of Saratoga and transported
Boston (for possible deportation or imprisonment). While encamped
in West Springfield, some of the German mercenaries stayed and married
into the local population.
Economic conditions after the Revolution led to
Shays' Rebellion in
Springfield and West Springfield in 1786-87.
Technological advancements allowed the first bridge to be built across
Connecticut River in 1805. It was a toll bridge built on stone
pilings; the roadway heaved up and down as it passed over six
arch-shaped spans. This bridge was damaged by spring floods in 1814,
and after a partial collapse under heavy traffic, was demolished.
In 1816, a replacement bridge opened at Bridge Street. It was
destroyed in 1818 by spring ice, despite a valiant attempt to keep it
from being washed downstream by tying it to a tree. (The cable
snapped.) A third bridge built on the same foundations, was in use for
over 100 years, and known as the "Old Toll Bridge", though tolls were
removed in 1873.
The modern Memorial Bridge was opened in 1922; it underwent a major
overhaul in the 1990s.
The first North End Bridge opened 1887 with a sturdy metal box-shaped
truss (the upper part of the box being suspended above the roadway).
In 1923, the tar-sealed wooden decking caught fire, which was made
worse by the gas mains the bridge carried. The replacement bridge at
this location is still in use.
A wooden toll bridge was built to Chicopee from Riverdale (at the base
of Wayside Avenue – formerly Bridge Street – and Ashley Avenue) in
1847, but burned down in 1903.
Several crossings of the
Westfield River were built in the 19th
century, but most were destroyed by floods. Several highway bridges
were also constructed in the late 20th century.
The warnings of the Agawam Indians proved true[clarification needed]
in 1647, 1767, 1801, 1804, and 1818. Civil War-era dikes held back
high water in the Agawam River in 1878, but heavy rain flooded the
town again in 1927. Both heavy rains and a large snowmelt brought an
even more massive flood in 1936, with 8,000 people were displaced in
the town of 17,000. The area's bridges survived; the railroad bridge
being weighed down by a fully loaded freight train intentionally
parked across it. The
New England Hurricane of 1938
New England Hurricane of 1938 flooded crops
along Riverdale Road and severely damaged the Exposition grounds,
causing the fair to close for the season. It also opened a hole in the
dike at Mosley Avenue, which was repaired before the rain waters could
once again flood the lower section of town. Yet another major
flood struck in 1955, knocking out the town's drinking water
facilities in Southwick and destroying Bear Hole Dam, Piper Reservoir,
and Memorial Pool (all of which were rebuilt).
Winter weather has also caused significant damage at times during West
Springfield's history. The
Great Blizzard of 1888
Great Blizzard of 1888 dropped over 5 feet
(1.5 m) of snow, with 20-foot (6.1 m) drifts. There have
also been more recent blizzards in 1978 and 1996.
On June 1, 2011, a tornado touched down in West Springfield, crossed
the Connecticut River, and then devastated the
City of Springfield,
Massachusetts. It devastated densely populated parts of West
Springfield, causing two fatalities in the city – including a mother
who died while shielding her 15-year-old daughter. U.S. President
Barack Obama declared the area surrounding West Springfield and
Springfield a federal disaster area.
On October 29, 2011, a snow storm dumped more than ten inches of wet
snow on the town and the surrounding area. Snow clung to trees which
still had most of their leaves. The result was the falling of trees
and limbs on homes, vehicles, powerlines and roadways. It took more
than one week for some homes to have power restored.
The Eastern States Farmers' Exchange, known today for The Big E, was
founded in 1918, and merged with other cooperatives to form
1964. Its former headquarters now serves as West Springfield Town
Agriculture continued to dominate the local economy when market
gardening started in the 1830s, concentrating in the Riverdale Road
area. These crops were intended to be sent to market for cash, rather
than to be used by the farming family for themselves or to barter for
other crops. Growing population and improved transportation links
increased the size of the potential market; by 1860, West Springfield
was using greenhouses and exporting fresh crops to Boston. Agriculture
remained an important part of the West Springfield economy for many
decades, but land development and economic changes led to a decline,
and by the 1940s, it was a minor activity in the town.
Eastern States Exposition
Eastern States Exposition started in 1917 as a reaction against
the slow decline of New England agriculture. The annual fall fair is
by far West Springfield's largest tourist attraction and one of the
largest fairs in the country. The exposition grounds host many events
on a year-round basis.
Morgan Horse was bred in West Springfield in 1789-90.
Railroads and industrialization
Light manufacturing began to grow in the 19th century, including
tanned hides, horse carriages, gunpowder, ceramics, industrial pipes,
hats, and boats.
Industrial Revolution reached Western
Massachusetts in the
19th century, the region's many fast-moving rivers resulted in a mill
town boom. Early textile and paper mills were staffed by Irish famine
immigrants who nearly doubled their population in the town between
1840 and 1860. Paper manufacturing became a major regional industry,
including within the town limits included (mostly clustered on the
Agawam River) the Southworth Paper Company (1839), the Agawam Paper
Company (1859), the Agawam Canal Company, the Springfield Glazed Paper
Company (1882), the Worthy Paper Company (1892), the Mittineague Paper
Company (1892, later known as the Strathmore Paper Company and
acquired by International Paper)
The Western Railroad opened for freight and passenger service in 1841,
connecting West Springfield to Worcester, Boston, the Berkshires, and
upstate New York. It would become the
Boston and Albany Railroad
Boston and Albany Railroad in
1870. Travel time from
Boston to Albany was considerably reduced from
the over 40 hours it took by stagecoach in the 1820s. The covered
wooden railroad bridge across the Connecticut which opened in 1841,
was replaced by the current double-track steel truss railroad bridge
West Springfield became a major transportation hub, and the railroad
became one of the largest employers in the town for many decades.
Repair shops were also built in West Springfield in 1896, and at
the peak of operations, there were two major rail yards – one in
Mittineague, and one near the present-day Memorial Avenue.
The original horsecar trolley, operated by the Springfield Street
Railway, opened in 1877 from Main Street in Springfield to Elm and
Park Streets, via Main Street and the old toll bridge at Bridge
Street. It was later extended via Westfield Street to (Upper) Church
Street. Electrification was completed in 1892-3, and the river
crossing was moved to the original North End Bridge. Over the years,
extensions were made to the Holyoke Street Railway (via Riverdale
Road, 1895), Tatham (1896) the Woronoco Street Railway (in Westfield,
1899), the Connecticut border via Riverside Park (now Six Flags New
England) in Agawam (1900), Feeding Hills (1902), and eventually the
Suffield Street Railway in Connecticut (making the Hartford-West Side
Line possible, 1905).
The destruction of the old North End Bridge in 1923 saw relocation of
the trolley crossing to the modern Memorial Bridge. But trolley
passenger service was cut starting in 1924 and by 1936, completely
eliminated. Present-day local and intercity mass transit is provided
Pioneer Valley Transit Authority
Pioneer Valley Transit Authority bus routes, Amtrak, and private
Peter Pan Bus Lines
Peter Pan Bus Lines is headquartered in Springfield.
Conversion from steam to diesel locomotives shut down the West
Springfield repair shop in 1956. With the rise of the automobile,
the West Springfield (Mittineague) passenger railroad station closed
Amtrak service is still available to Springfield, and the
central rail yard is still in active use for freight by CSX, the
present-day successor of this part of the
Boston & Albany.
The power plant located in West Springfield
Rural Free Delivery
Rural Free Delivery started delivering postal mail to residents' homes
in the late 19th or early 20th century.
A major power plant for the Western
Massachusetts Electric Company
(now a subsidiary of Northeast Utilities) went online in West
Springfield in 1949.
Creation of Holyoke and Agawam
Even more substantial canal and mill development took place in the
"North Parish" or "Ireland Parish" of West Springfield, which was
favorably located near Hadley Falls. The parish was incorporated as
the independent town of Holyoke, Massachusetts, in 1850.
The area mainly south of the Westfield River, including the parishes
of Agawam and Feeding Hills, was incorporated as the independent town
of Agawam, Massachusetts, in 1855.
U.S. Route 5
U.S. Route 5 (currently, also known as Riverdale Road) was modified to
bypass the downtowns of Springfield and West Springfield as new
segments were constructed on the West Springfield and Agawam
waterfronts in 1938, 1941–42, and 1952-53. This resulted in some
land takings and cutting off certain neighborhoods from the river, but
north-south travel was speeded, and the dike system was reinforced to
prevent the flooding of these neighborhoods. The approaches to the
North End and Memorial Bridges were modified to accommodate the new
Massachusetts Turnpike was constructed from 1955 to 1957.
Interstate 91 was constructed over a dozen years, from 1958 to 1970,
following considerable controversy over whether it should be placed in
West Springfield, as originally planned, or in Springfield, as that
city's planners wished.
Interstate 91 planned for West Springfield
The original plan for
Interstate 91 – detailed in the 1953 Master
Highway Plan for the Springfield, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area –
Interstate 91 to occupy an enlarged
U.S. Route 5
U.S. Route 5 in West
Springfield – the route which had, historically, been used to reach
West Springfield and Springfield from both the north and the south.
Between 1953 and 1958, Riverdale Road was widened in places, added on
to, and numerous businesses were closed and moved back, or to other
parts of West Springfield to make way for Interstate 91, which was
planned to connect with Springfield via numerous bridges. The
original plan for I-91 would have likely benefitted West Springfield,
which already had U.S. 5 passing through, causing travelers to
patronize many of West Springfield's businesses.
In 1958, however, Springfield's city planners – seemingly without
regard for West Springfield's economy, or foresight for their own
city's economy – campaigned vociferously for
Interstate 91 to occupy
Springfield's riverfront. Their reasoning at the time was that
Springfield, being a more populous city than West Springfield, should
have a major highway routed through it. Indeed, Springfield's 1958
city planners advocated that the construction of I-91 on Springfield's
riverfront would catalyze economic growth comparable to that
experienced during the great railroad expansion of the mid-19th
Although West Springfield had a right and legal claim to Interstate
Massachusetts highway officials relented to Springfield's intense
pressure when confronted with a technicality: a short, existing
section of US 5 through West Springfield that was built in 1952-53
failed to meet Interstate design standards. Thus the plans for I-91 in
West Springfield were shelved, and moved to the east bank of the river
in Springfield, where an elevated highway was designed (as opposed to
the planned ground-grade highway in West Springfield.)
Interstate 91 was constructed in Springfield, that city did not
experience anything like the prosperity boom predicted by its city
planners in 1958. I-91's construction in Springfield coincided with
the beginning of that city's four decades of decline. Unlike West
Springfield's U.S. 5, Springfield's I-91 was constructed in an area
where there had never been highway traffic or businesses that catered
to such traffic. Due to I-91's proximity to both Springfield's densely
built downtown and the city's riverfront, there has never been enough
space in Springfield to build more than a few of these businesses.
Thus Springfield never received the economic benefit that it expected
from I-91 – and which, according to recent academic assessments by
UMass School of Urban Design, West Springfield would have.
According to the
United States Census
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total
area of 17.5 square miles (45.4 km²), of which
16.8 square miles (43.4 km²) is land and 0.8 square
mile (2.0 km²) (4.50%) is water. It is on the west side of the
Connecticut River, across from Springfield, and on the north side of
the Westfield River, above Agawam.
West Springfield is bordered on the west by linear cliffs of volcanic
trap rock known as East Mountain. They are part of the Metacomet
Ridge, a mountainous trap rock ridgeline that stretches from Long
Island Sound to nearly the
Vermont border. Both are traversed by the
110-mile (180 km) Metacomet-Monadnock Trail.
West Springfield is located 27 miles (43 km) away from Hartford,
90 miles (140 km) away from Boston, 85 miles (137 km) from
Albany, 48 miles (77 km) away from Pittsfield and 139 miles
(224 km) from New York City.
Other major geographical features include:
Block Brook (named after a distinctive bridge on what is now Westfield
Bear Hole – an approximately 1,700-acre (6.9 km2) wooded area
that includes Bear Hole Reservoir. The reservoir, which is very
shallow, supplies a minimal[clarification needed] amount of the town's
drinking water. The area supports a diversified biological
environment; including Great Horned Owl, White Tailed Deer, hawk as
well as vernal pools. Hiking, dog walking and nature watching are
popular activities year round. The
Pioneer Valley Railroad has a
railway established along the westernmost perimeter. This is a very
low speed railway that hauls primarily commercial freight to local
Pawcatuck Brook – from morphemes in local Indian language: pauqua
– clear, transparent, or pegwa – shallow; tuck – river 
Town Common – Formerly used for the town meeting house, church, and
militia, the current tree-lined park was laid out in 1866 by Edward
Parsons and other townspeople. The surrounding streets were at
this time renamed from "Broadway" to "Park Street" and "Park
White Church Hill – The church which still remains there replaced
the Old Meeting House (which was on the Common) as the town's main
church and meeting hall in 1802. It was supplemented by a second
congregational church, again on the common, in 1872.
Main article: Neighborhoods of West Springfield, MA
Numbered routes passing through the town include:
Massachusetts Turnpike (I-90),
U.S. Route 5
U.S. Route 5 (Riverdale Street),
U.S. Route 20
U.S. Route 20 (Westfield Street and
Massachusetts Route 147 (Memorial Avenue).
There are no airports in West Springfield, the nearest airport with
commercial passenger flights is
Bradley International Airport
Bradley International Airport in
Windsor Locks, Connecticut, though there are other military and
general aviation airports in the area.
As for transportation, several bus lines on the
Pioneer Valley Transit
Authority bus system service West Springfield from routes crossing
over from Springfield:
Red 14 – Feeding Hills/Springfield
Red 10 – West Springfield/Westfield State University
Purple 20 – Holyoke/Springfield via Holyoke Mall – Riverdale
Red 24 -Essex/Appleton via Cabot/Sargent/Holyoke Hospital (Saturday
* = population estimate.
United States Census
United States Census records and Population Estimates Program
U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 28,391 people, 11,757
households, and 7,117 families residing in the city. The population
density was 1,665.7 people per square mile (643.1/km²). There were
12,259 housing units at an average density of 731.9 per square mile
(282.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.68% White, 3.30%
African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.97% Asian, 0.04% Pacific
Islander, 2.94% from other races, and 2.10% from two or more races.
5.75% of the population were
Latino of any race.
There were 11,823 households out of which 27.0% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living
together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and
39.8% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of
individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age
or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family
size was 3.02.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of
18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and
15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years.
For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age
18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,266, and the
median income for a family was $50,282. Males had a median income of
$38,082 versus $28,079 for females. The per capita income for the city
was $20,982. About 8.7% of families and 11.9% of the population were
below the poverty line, including 20.0% of those under age 18 and 7.3%
of those age 65 or over.
Population table source:. Populations for 1800, 1810, and 1830
were not available online from this source.
West Springfield was originally governed by an open town meeting, and
then a representative town meeting starting in 1922. The town
meetings were presided over by the town moderator. The city is now
governed by a mayor and town council starting on April 1, 2000. West
Springfield is one of fourteen
Massachusetts municipalities that have
applied for, and been granted, city forms of government but wish to
retain "The town of” in their official names. The first mayor
who held office was Edward Gibson, who stayed in office for five
consecutive terms. Greg Neffinger, was elected mayor on November 8,
2011, but lost his bid for re-election in a 2 to 1 landslide to Edward
C Sullivan on November 5, 2013.
Mayors of West Springfield
Edward J. Gibson – April 1, 2000 – January 3, 2012 – first mayor
and served 5 terms
Gregory C. Neffinger – January 3, 2012 – January 3, 2014
Edward C. Sullivan – January 3, 2014 – January 4, 2016
William C. Reichelt – January 4, 2016 -
West Springfield has its own school district, police department, fire
department, library, department of public works, health department,
and department of parks and recreation.
West Springfield Fire Department was created in 1883 and current
has 11 apparatus serving out of one fire hall.
The school district has controlled by an independent school committee
since 1827 and maintains a central high school, middle school, and
a number of elementary schools.
The first town funds budgeted for police enforcement were in 1877; the
force has gradually become professionalized, motorized, and equipped
with and dedicated offices and jail facilities.
Semi-public "subscription" libraries operated from 1775–1807 and
1810-1840. The current collection began in 1854, but was later made
free to the public. The West Springfield Public Library was
established in 1864. It moved from the town hall to a
dedicated building in 1915, constructed with a donation from Andrew
Carnegie. An addition was opened in 1959. In fiscal year 2008, the
city of West Springfield spent 0.91% ($765,760) of its budget on its
public library—some $27 per person.
West Springfield has many schools. Nine of them are public schools,
while the rest are private schools. The schools are run by the city's
school system (West Springfield Public Schools). The West Springfield
High School teaches Grades 9-12. The West Springfield Middle School
teaches Grades 6-8. Four of the Elementary Schools teach 1st through
5th grade, while Coburn Elementary teaches Kindergarten and Grades
1-5, John Ashley School teaches Pre-School and Kindergarten. The
town's school athletic teams are called the "Terriers" Other schools
Cowing School (Pre-School and Other Students who are not able to
attend regular school)
St. Thomas (PK-8)
John Ashley School
Phillip G. Coburn Elementary
John R. Fausey Elementary
West Springfield Middle School
West Springfield High School 425 Piper Road
School buildings and closings
Coburn Elementary School was built in 1923/4 as West Springfield
Junior High School and added to in 1928/9, operating as a grade 7-8
junior high school. Cowing School was opened as the town's first
stand-alone high school in 1915, and when the new high school on Piper
Rd. opened in 1956 it became Cowing Junior High School, serving grades
7-8 as well. As West Springfield moved to the middle-school format,
Coburn and Cowing assumed their current functions. Three elementary
schools – John Ashley, Memorial, and Tatham – were opened in 1952
to accommodate the post-war baby boom. Additionally, John R. Fausey
School was built in 1960 and added to in 1962. West Springfield High
School was moved from the Cowing building in 1956 to Piper Road. A
significant addition opened in 1966. A new West Springfield High
School building is under construction to the north of the existing
building and is scheduled to open in February 2014. After the
construction of the first high school on Piper Road, Cowing School was
originally slated for demolition, but the new high school had been
under-built for the surging student population, and 9th graders were
moved to Cowing from 1960 until the high school addition opened in
1966. From 1966 to 1981, Cowing School served as a junior high school.
With the passage of the Proposition 2-1/2 referendum in 1980, the
school budget was tightened, priorities were reexamined, and numerous
schools were closed or consolidated in the fall of 1981.
John Ashley School closed but reopened in 1987, due to increased
district enrollment, as the town-wide center for kindergarten and
early childhood classes.
Main Street School closed and was repurposed as apartments.
Park Avenue School closed and was repurposed as an office building.
Old Tatham School closed and was repurposed as apartments.
Margaret C. McDonough (formerly Kings Highway) School closed and was
repurposed as apartments.
William A. Cowing Junior High School (formerly the High School from
1915 to 1956) was designated an elementary school.
Before the opening of
West Springfield Middle School in 1998, the town
struggled with increased enrollment.
In 1987, John Ashley School welcomed the future class of 2000,
consolidating all kindergartens in one building along with the early
In 1990, Piper Road School opened in a wing of the high school,
housing all the town's 6th graders, and creating the grade 1-5
elementary school structure that remains in most buildings. With the
opening of the middle school, this space reverted to the high school.
West Springfield Middle School opened in 1998 for grades 6-8.
West Springfield Junior High School was designated an elementary
school and named the Philip G. Coburn School in memory of a well-loved
townsman who was a former educator and longtime editor of the West
William A. Cowing Elementary School was closed and sections of the
building were used for different educational purposes until the
district adopted full-day kindergarten and early childhood (pre-K)
students were assigned to Cowing School.
West Springfield is considered to be part of the Springfield-Hartford
With easy access to the north-south Interstate 91, east-west
Massachusetts Turnpike, and various freight railroads, West
Springfield is sometimes called the "crossroads of New England".
The Riverdale Road corridor is a major regional shopping center, with
a number of "big box" retail stores and car dealerships, including the
Costco location in the Pioneer Valley.
Eastern States Exposition
Eastern States Exposition is a major seasonal employer.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (June
The Josiah Day House, the oldest known brick salt-box style home in
the United States.
Eastern States Exposition
Eastern States Exposition (the "Big E"), a large annual fair
The 110-mile (180 km)
Metacomet-Monadnock Trail (a hiking trail)
passes through the western part of West Springfield on the East
Provin Mountain ridgeline.
There are only a few parks in the city:
Veterans Field – football field and two baseball diamonds
unnamed park along Park Street from Elm to Main Streets
There are two shopping malls in West Springfield:
Century Shopping Center – strip mall with 5 major anchor stores
T.J. Maxx and Modell's
Riverdale Shops – 24 store mall with 1 major anchor Kohl's
There is only one local newspaper, the weekly (every Thursday) town
newspaper West Springfield Record was founded in 1953 with circulation
about 5,500. All other print media are regional papers such as the
Republican of Springfield. Television and radio service originates
from other cities outside of West Springfield.
ABC's short-lived 2004-05 sitcom
Complete Savages used West
Springfield as its setting.
American Indoor Soccer League
American Indoor Soccer League at the Big E.
Angelo Bertelli, football player, first
Heisman Trophy winner for
Amo Bessone, coach, Michigan State hockey (1966 National Champion) and
United States Hockey Hall of Fame
United States Hockey Hall of Fame inductee, 1992
United States Hockey Hall of Fame
United States Hockey Hall of Fame inductee, 1978
Wilfred Bourque, pioneer race car driver, died in first race at
Indianapolis Motor Speedway
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball pitcher
Tim Daggett, gymnast, Olympic gold medalist
Harry Dalton, MLB general manager
Luke Day, Revolutionary War captain, leader of Shays' Rebellion
Matt Deis, ex-bassist for band CKY and All That Remains
Leo Durocher, Hall of Fame
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball player and manager
Eugene Grazia, member of 1960 U.S. hockey gold medal team
Horace A. Moses, founder of Strathmore (Mittineague) Paper Company
(1892) and West Springfield Trust Company (1919), local
Lega Basket professional basketball player
Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball pitcher, 6-time World Series
Brian Scully, television writer and producer for
The Simpsons and
Mike Scully, former co-producer of The Simpsons
Stass Shpanin, contemporary visual artist included in Guinness Book of
World Records as Youngest Professional
^ "Town of West Springfield, Massachusetts". Town of West Springfield,
Massachusetts. Retrieved August 29, 2012.
^ "Office of the Mayor". West Springfield, Massachusetts. Retrieved 17
^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9,
^ Although it is called the "Town of West Springfield," it is a
statutory city of Massachusetts. See Office of the Secretary of the
^ Swift, p. 28
^ Swift, p.256
^ Swift, p. 20-21
^ Swift, p. 25-26
^ a b Swift, p. 19
^ Swift, p. 23
^ Swift, p. 24
^ History of Agawam - by Minerva J. Davis (c. 1930) - Agawam
^ Holland, Josiah Gilbert (1855). History of Western Massachusetts;
the counties of Hampden, Hampshire, Franklin, and Berkshire.
Springfield, Mass.: Samuel Bowles. p. 70. On the 7th of July,
1786, the part of West Springfield now embraced in Holyoke was
incorporated as the Third Parish of West Springfield, and was called
'Ireland,' and 'Ireland Parish,' from the fact that several Irish
families were the first settlers of the territory, though there is no
record of the date of their settlement
^ a b Swift, p. 27
^ Swift, p. 29-30.
^ Swift, p. 30-31.
^ Swift, p. 321
^ Swift, p. 34-35
^ Swift, p. 96-98.
^ Swift, p. 100.
^ Through the Years / West Springfield / 1774-1974. By Donald Brooks
Bagg. Photo and caption on p. 22 of Riverdale section.
^ Swift, p.105-109
^ Swift, p. 220-221
^ Swift, p. 110
^ West Springfield mother dies while shielding 15-year-old daughter
from tornado. masslive.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-21.
^ President Obama's disaster area declaration opens door for federal
aid, buoys hopes of tornado-tossed communities in Western
Massachusetts. masslive.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-21.
^ Cecchi, David (2016). The Big E: Eastern States Exposition.
Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 55.
^ Swift, p.45-54
^ Swift, p. 67
^ Swift, p. 123-125
International Paper Paper Making Timeline
^ Swift, p. 281
^ Swift, p. 99
^ Swift, p. 283
^ Swift, p. 290
^ Swift, p.287
^ Swift, p.286
^ Swift, p. 134
^ Interstate 91-Massachusetts
^ US-5: A Highway To History. Chronos-historical.org. Retrieved on
^ An Historical Address / Delivered before the citizens of Springfield
Massachusetts at the public celebration May 26, 1911, of the Two
Hundred and Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Settlement with Five
Appendices, by Charles H. Barrows. Copyright 1916, Connecticut Valley
Historical Society. Thef. A. Bassett Co. Printers, Springfield, Mass.
Appendix A, Meaning of Local Indian Names.
^ Swift, p. 252
^ Swift, p.259
^ "Total Population (P1), 2010
File 1". American
FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United
Census Bureau. 2010.
Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population
United States Census
United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12,
Census of Population, General Population Characteristics:
Massachusetts" (PDF). US
Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76:
General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990.
1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants:
Massachusetts" (PDF). US
Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4.
Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23.
Retrieved July 12, 2011.
Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952.
Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11,
Massachusetts Table 6. Population of
Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12,
Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of
Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through
Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil
Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior,
Census Office. Pages 179 through 182.
Massachusetts Table 5.
Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880
and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior,
Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of
Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12,
^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior,
1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of
Massachusetts Table No. 3.
Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior,
1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c.
Retrieved July 12, 2011.
Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4,
^ "American FactFinder".
United States Census
United States Census Bureau. Retrieved
Census of Population and Housing - U.S.
Census Bureau. Census.gov.
Retrieved on 2013-08-21.
^ Swift, p. 174.
^ Though the Years, p. 1 of "Fire – Police – Postal" section.
^ Swift, p. 158
^ Swift, p.181-184
^ C.B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st
Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston:
Wright & Potter, 1891. Google books
^ http://www.wspl.org/ Retrieved 2010-11-09
^ Swift, p.195-197
^ July 1, 2007, through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie:
What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library
Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports.
^ Swift, p. 132, 137
Common references are made to:
Swift, Esther M. (1969). West Springfield Massachusetts: A Town
History. West Springfield Heritage Association. OCLC 69843.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to West Springfield,
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for West Springfield (Massachusetts).
City of West Springfield,
Massachusetts (Official website)
"West Springfield". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.).
Municipalities and communities of Hampden County, Massachusetts,
County seat: Springfield
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or
Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Quabbin-Swift River Valley
Note: Municipalities not listed have a town meeting form of government
(see all municipalities)
Connecticut River watershed
Black Hall River
East Brookfield River
Five Mile River
Little Sugar River
Mill River (Northampton)
Mill River (Springfield)
North Branch Millers River
North Branch Westfield River
Seven Mile River
Upper Ammonoosuc River
Ball Mountain Lake
Canaan Street Lake
Lake Francis (Murphy Dam)
Lakes of the Clouds
Little Sunapee Lake
North Hartland Lake
Surry Mountain Lake
Smaller cities and towns
White River Junction
Amtrak Old Saybrook – Old Lyme Bridge
Calvin Coolidge Bridge
Canalside Rail Trail Bridge
Cornish–Windsor Covered Bridge
Dexter Coffin Bridge
French King Bridge
Janice Peaslee Bridge
Morey Memorial Bridge
Mount Orne Covered Bridge
Norwottuck Rail Trail Bridge
Pittsburg–Clarksville Covered Bridge
Raymond E. Baldwin Bridge