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West Brompton
West Brompton
is an area of south-west London, that straddles the boundary between the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham
London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham
and Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea. The centuries-old boundary was traced by Counter's Creek, now lost beneath the West London Line railway.

Contents

1 History

1.1 The advent of a canal and a road 1.2 The local railway boom 1.3 The sports craze 1.4 The entertainment boom 1.5 and the suffragettes were here too ...

2 West Brompton
West Brompton
today 3 Nearby places 4 References

History[edit] The name refers to the older locality of Brompton to the east,[1] linked to its western namesake through the areas of Earl's Court
Earl's Court
and South Kensington
South Kensington
by the Old Brompton Road. Before the vigorous urbanisation of the second half of the 19th century, Brompton also referred to the area between the Fulham
Fulham
Road, previously known as Little Chelsea
Little Chelsea
and Counter's Creek
Counter's Creek
to the West, on its way to the Thames. The most famous landmark in the area is the Grade I listed Brompton Cemetery, laid out between 1837 and 1839, with magnificent catacombs and a domed chapel by architect, Benjamin Baud. Since the area was chiefly devoted to market gardens, with leading nurseries such as that of James Veitch & Sons, philanthropists looking to establish hospitals near London. looked no further than Brompton as a suitable healthy location. Thus came into being the Royal Brompton Hospital, for chest diseases. Ten years later, Marsden decided to erect a new Cancer Hospital in memory of his wife, and a tract of land was found for it along the Fulham Road
Fulham Road
in Brompton. Designed by Messrs John Young & Son, Architects,[2] and built by the Lawrence Company in 1859, it has subsequently achieved world renown as The Royal Marsden Hospital. One famous resident in the area was the writer and illustrator, Beatrix Potter. The advent of a canal and a road[edit] The most notable landowners in 'West Brompton' at the start of the 19th century were James Gunter, Sir John Scott Lillie
Sir John Scott Lillie
and the Edwardes. The first non-agrarian activity in the area was to the West of Counter's Creek, which between 1828 and 1859 became the short-lived, six-mile long Kensington
Kensington
Canal.[3] This area of farm land, bounded by North End Lane to the West, was known then as North End in the Parish of Fulham
Fulham
and was dotted with a few grand houses, such as the Hermitage and the less grand Grange, home of artist, Edward Burne-Jones. A new road was laid out to join North End and Kensington
Kensington
parish with access to the new Hammersmith Bridge
Hammersmith Bridge
by Sir John Scott Lillie (1790–1868), Peninsular War
Peninsular War
veteran, road builder and investor in the canal company. Lillie is buried in Brompton Cemetery. After Gunter's Bridge was built over the canal in 1826, the road on either side was called the Richmond Road.[4] The remnants of the canal bridge can be seen from platform 4 at the West Brompton station. The early Fulham
Fulham
buildings were associated with freight transport such as the wharves in today's Rickett Street and Roxby Place, south of Lillie Road, and a brewery to offer refreshment to the canal, barge and later railway workers as well as the builders of the nearby Westminster and Brompton Company's new 40 acre cemetery opened in 1840. The oldest extant building is the Lily Langtry public house, formerly the Lillie Arms 1833, part of the old brewery in Lillie Road.[5] Meanwhile, the Kensington Canal
Kensington Canal
turned out to be a financial fiasco for its backers trying to link the Grand Union Canal
Grand Union Canal
and the burgeoning railways with the Thames. They switched to the idea of a railway to benefit from the boom to the West and to the North, and the canal was filled in to make way for the West London (extension) Line 1840. The earliest Brompton residential development was along the south side of Richmond Road (today's Lillie Road) Portland Villas1853, a group of Palladian style
Palladian style
semi-detached houses with front and back gardens, now entirely demolished. These were followed in 1864 off its north side by a small terraced cul-de-sac abutting the railway with a number of attached retail outlets onto the main road, a development called Richmond Place, the current Empress Place (scheduled for demolition for a high rise development), and in 1866 by a terrace of more substantial houses along Richmond Road, both designed by the City of London architect, John Young, known for his signature ornamental brickwork. The houses would have been intended for the different levels of professionals, craftsmen and workers coming into London to service the growing transport and building booms. Indeed, the owners and residents of this Fulham
Fulham
housing development would soon be involved from 1872 in the massive urbanisation of the farmland estates of the Edwardes and Gunter families, over Lillie bridge.[3] The local railway boom[edit] Sir John Fowler, 1st Baronet, a civil engineer from Yorkshire
Yorkshire
took over as consulting engineer of the Metropolitan and District Railway following the early death of Brunel
Brunel
and was active in the area laying down tracks and building bridges and leading to the establishment in 1872 of the Lillie Bridge Depot and Railway Engineering works, currently being demolished to make way for a high rise development. Among his many famous designs is the West Brompton station
West Brompton station
opened in 1865. Fowler, like many people who contributed to the early development of the West Brompton
West Brompton
area, is buried in Brompton Cemetery. West Brompton
West Brompton
Station This provides London Underground
London Underground
District line services to Wimbledon in a Southerly direction and Edgware Road and Upminster to the North and East. It is possible also to change at Earls Court
Earls Court
(1 stop or a short walk) for District line
District line
services to Ealing Broadway and Richmond as well as Kensington
Kensington
Olympia. The West London Line also provides services between Willesden Junction and Clapham Junction, South Croydon and Gatwick airport. Main article: West Brompton
West Brompton
station The sports craze[edit] West Brompton
West Brompton
F.C. was a 19th-century pioneer football team, who played in the defunct West London Cup along with the likes of Fulham F.C. and Queens Park Rangers F.C.. Between 1869 and 1874 the Middlesex County Cricket Club had its home on the Lillie Grounds, prior to moving to Lord's
Lord's
in St John's Wood, where the turf was judged to be superior. Nevertheless, WG Grace
WG Grace
scored a few centuries in West Brompton. John Chambers, who was himself a competitor and the moving force behind both the Amateur Athletics Club and developing the Lillie Bridge Grounds,[6] is buried in Brompton Cemetery[7] Main article: Lillie Bridge Grounds The entertainment boom[edit] John Robinson Whitley
John Robinson Whitley
opened his Earl's Court
Earl's Court
exhibition and fair grounds here in 1887, with the entrance in West Brompton
West Brompton
in Richmond Gardens at the bottom of Richmond Place, named subsequently, Empress Place in honour of Queen Victoria's visit to the grounds. His opening gambit was the American Wild West Show which coincided with the Queen's Golden Jubilee and featured William Cody, aka, Buffalo Bill and Annie Oakley
Annie Oakley
along with a cortege of First Nation Americans. After Queen Victoria's personal attendance with her cortege on 9 May, the show became a runaway success. The show was not without tragedy, as three performers died during their tours.[8] As a result, two Oglala Sioux Native Americans, 'Surrounded By the Enemy' and 'Red Penny', were buried in Brompton Cemetery. Red Penny was Little Chief and Good Robe's eighteen-month-old son. Brulé
Brulé
tribesman, Paul Eagle Star who died on 24 August 1891 at age twenty-seven due to complications from a horse-riding accident in Sheffield. Fifty-nine-year-old Oglala Sioux tribesman, Long Wolf died due to pneumonia during the Wild West Show's tour on 13 June 1892. Two months later, a two-year-old girl named White Star Ghost Dog lost her life when she fell from her mother's arms on a horse ride. All three of these Lakota Native Americans were buried in Brompton's cemetery. The coffins of Long Wolf, White Star Ghost Dog and Paul Eagle Star were exhumed to Pine Ridge and Rosebud, South Dakota in the late 1990s by their tribal descendants. Whitley did not make money on his venture and in 1894-5 he was replaced by the internationally successful Hungarian impresario, Imre Kiralfy
Imre Kiralfy
who relaid the grounds and built a hall to accommodate 5,000 spectators and put on spectacles on ice. This was the Empress Hall, sometimes referred to as a theatre, which survived until 1959. and the suffragettes were here too ...[edit] In 1913 Mrs Pankhurst called one of her rallies in the local Empress Hall, just to the West of the Earl's Court
Earl's Court
exhibition centre and former Exhibition Grounds.[9] She too is buried in Brompton Cemetery. The Empress Hall was knocked down in the late 1950s and was replaced by the brutalist 30-storey Empress State Building
Empress State Building
in 1961. West Brompton
West Brompton
today[edit] West Brompton
West Brompton
today is bounded by West Kensington
West Kensington
and Earl's Court
Earl's Court
to the north, Chelsea to the east, Fulham
Fulham
Broadway to the south and Fulham
Fulham
to the west. It contains the historic 'Lillie Enclave' destined to be replaced, under the aegis of Mayor Boris Johnson, on its Western flank along with three social housing estates by an ambitious high rise development, trailed as four new 'villages' on decking, due to obliterate most of its existing biodiversity and history.[10] Also included in the area are the Brompton Park Crescent estate, in the grounds of the old Fulham
Fulham
(Fever) Hospital, and its once associated Fulham
Fulham
Ambulance Station.[11] One hospital ward block remains and appears to have been renamed "Lillie Bridge House" although it is a quarter of a mile from the bridge, down Seagrave Road. Aso down that road are The London Oratory School, linked to Brompton Oratory, the Sedlescombe Conservation Area and a number of late Victorian streets of stucco terraces. These now front the dominating new high rise Lillie Square development emerging out of the erstwhile Athletics ground, latterly the Earl's Court
Earl's Court
exhibition car park, seeking to insert 'modern urban living' into this quiet, human scale and almost rural backwater, permanently obscuring the spires of the Redcliffe Square and Boltons churches and the trees of Brompton Cemetery. After the recent purchase and closure of the 150-year-old retail outlets by Lillie Bridge (scheduled for demolition),[12] the nearest significant local commercial centres are North End Road to the west, which includes a street market, Fulham
Fulham
Broadway to the south and Earl's Court in steep economic decline, to the north. Nearby places[edit]

Battersea Chelsea Earls Court Fulham Hammersmith South Kensington Stamford Bridge, Chelsea Football Club Wandsworth West Kensington

References[edit]

^ West Brompton
West Brompton
and the South Kensington
South Kensington
Museum, http://www.british-history.ac.uk/old-new-london/vol5/pp100-117 ^ "Architect John Young 1797–1877".  ^ a b "The Kensington
Kensington
Canal, railways and related developments".  ^ Charles Feret, Fulham
Fulham
Old and New, published by Leadenhall Press Ltd. London by private subscription in 1900 ^ Charles Feret, Fulham
Fulham
Old and New, 1900 ^ "South London Harriers – Club History".  ^ Brompton Cemetery
Brompton Cemetery
– An Illustrated Guide Text and editing by The Royal Parks and The Friends of Brompton Cemetery. Published by The Royal Parks. Crown Copyright 2002. ^ John Glanfield, Earl's Court
Earl's Court
and Olympia- From Buffalo Bill
Buffalo Bill
to the Brits, Stroud, Glos. Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 978-0750929981 ^ June Purvis, Emmeline Pankhurst: A Biography, London, Routledge, 2003. p. 237 ^ https://www.rbkc.gov.uk/wamdocs/ECWKOA_Joint_SPD_March_2012_track_changes.pdf ^ "Lost_Hospitals_of_London".  ^ Dave Hill. "Earls Court: how to do regeneration wrong". The Guardian. 

v t e

London Borough of Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham

Districts

Brook Green Chelsea Harbour
Chelsea Harbour
(including Imperial Wharf) College Park East Acton Fulham Hammersmith Old Oak Common Parsons Green Sands End Shepherd's Bush Walham Green West Kensington White City

Attractions

BBC Television Centre Bush Theatre Craven Cottage
Craven Cottage
football stadium Fulham
Fulham
Palace Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Apollo Linford Christie Stadium Loftus Road
Loftus Road
(football stadium) Lyric Theatre Olympia Leighton House Museum O2 Shepherds Bush Empire Queen's Club Stamford Bridge (stadium)

Parks and open spaces

Bishops Park Eel Brook Common Hurlingham Park Normand Park Parsons Green Ravenscourt Park Shepherd's Bush
Shepherd's Bush
Green South Park Wormholt Park Wormwood Scrubs

Constituencies

Chelsea and Fulham Hammersmith

Bridges

Battersea
Battersea
Railway Bridge Fulham
Fulham
Railway Bridge Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Bridge Putney Bridge Wandsworth
Wandsworth
Bridge

Tube and rail stations

Barons Court East Acton Fulham
Fulham
Broadway Goldhawk Road Hammersmith
Hammersmith
( Hammersmith
Hammersmith
& City and Circle lines) Hammersmith
Hammersmith
(Piccadilly and District lines) Imperial Wharf railway station Parsons Green Putney Bridge Ravenscourt Park Shepherd's Bush Shepherd's Bush
Shepherd's Bush
railway station Shepherd's Bush
Shepherd's Bush
Market West Kensington White City Wood Lane

Pubs

Aragon House The Black Lion The Blue Anchor The Cock The Cross Keys The Dove Duke of Cumberland Eight Bells, Fulham The George, Hammersmith Golden Lion Hampshire Hog The Hop Poles Hope and Anchor The King's Head Laurie Arms Queen's Head, Brook Green Rutland Arms Salutation The Swan Temperance Billiard Hall, Fulham The White Horse former Coachmakers Arms, Hammersmith former The Favourite former Seven Stars, West Kensington

Other topics

Coat of arms Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People Public art Schools

v t e

Royal Borough of Kensington
Kensington
and Chelsea

Districts

Albertopolis Bayswater Belgravia Brompton Chelsea Chelsea Harbour
Chelsea Harbour
(including Imperial Wharf) Earls Court Holland Park Kensal Town Kensington Knightsbridge Ladbroke Grove North Kensington Notting Hill South Kensington West Brompton West Kensington World's End

Attractions

Albert Memorial Chelsea Physic Garden Design Museum Holland House Kensal Green Cemetery Kensington
Kensington
Palace Leighton House Museum National Army Museum Natural History Museum Olympia Royal Albert Hall Saatchi Gallery Science Museum Victoria and Albert Museum

Theatres

Chelsea Theatre Finborough Theatre Gate Theatre Royal Court Theatre

Royal Parks

Brompton Cemetery Kensington
Kensington
Gardens

Street markets

Portobello Road Market

Parliamentary constituencies

Chelsea Kensington Westminster North

Squares and streets

Belgrave Square Cadogan Square Chester Square Hans Place King's Road Lowndes Square Onslow Square Pavilion Road Pembroke Square Powis Square Redcliffe Square Sloane Square Sloane Street Thurloe Square Wilton Crescent

Bridges

Albert Bridge Battersea
Battersea
Bridge Chelsea Bridge

Tube and railway stations

Earl's Court Gloucester Road High Street Kensington Holland Park Kensington
Kensington
(Olympia) Knightsbridge Imperial Wharf Ladbroke Grove Latimer Road Notting Hill
Notting Hill
Gate Sloane Square South Kensington West Brompton Westbourne Park

Pubs

Coleherne Drayton Arms Elgin Hollywood Arms Prince of Teck Shuckburgh Arms Windsor Castle World's End

Other topics

Blue plaques Council Listed buildings

Grade I Grade II*

Parks and open spaces Parks Police People Public art Schools G

.