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Coordinates: 41°17′S 174°46′E / 41.283°S 174.767°E / -41.283; 174.767

Wellington
Wellington
Region (Greater Wellington)

Region of New Zealand

Logo

Country New Zealand

Island North Island

Established 1989

Seat Wellington

Territorial authorities

List

Wellington
Wellington
City Hutt City Porirua
Porirua
City Upper Hutt
Upper Hutt
City Kapiti Coast
Kapiti Coast
District South Wairarapa
Wairarapa
District Carterton District Masterton
Masterton
District Tararua District (part)

Government

 • Chairperson Chris Laidlaw[1]

Area

 • Region 8,049 km2 (3,108 sq mi)

Population (June 2017)[2]

 • Region 513,900

 • Density 64/km2 (170/sq mi)

Time zone NZST
NZST
(UTC+12)

 • Summer (DST) NZDT (UTC+13)

Website www.gw.govt.nz

The Wellington
Wellington
Region[3] (also known as Greater Wellington) is a local government region of New Zealand
New Zealand
that occupies the southern end of the North Island. The region covers an area of 8,049 square kilometres (3,108 sq mi), and is home to a population of 513,900 (June 2017).[2] The region is named after Wellington, New Zealand's capital city and region's seat. The Wellington
Wellington
urban area, including the cities of Wellington, Porirua, Lower Hutt
Lower Hutt
and Upper Hutt, accounts for 80 percent of the region's population; Other major urban areas include the Kapiti conurbation of Waikanae, Paraparaumu, Raumati and Paekakariki, and the town of Masterton.

Contents

1 Local government 2 Term Wellington
Wellington
region 3 History 4 Geography 5 Demographics

5.1 Production and income 5.2 Culture and identity 5.3 Gender 5.4 Education 5.5 Telecommunications

6 Economy 7 Transport 8 Biodiversity 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Local government[edit] The region is administered by the Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council, which uses the promotional name Greater Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council.[4] The council region covers the conurbation around the capital city, Wellington, and the cities of Lower Hutt, Porirua, and Upper Hutt, each of which has a rural hinterland; it extends up the west coast of the North Island, taking in the coastal settlements of the Kapiti Coast District, which includes the southern fringe of the area commonly known as Horowhenua and the town of Otaki; east of the Rimutaka Range
Rimutaka Range
it includes three largely rural districts containing most of Wairarapa, covering the towns of Masterton, Carterton, Greytown, Featherston and Martinborough.[5] The Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council was first formed in 1980 from a merger of the Wellington Regional Planning Authority and the Wellington
Wellington
Regional Water Board.[6] A proposal made in 2013 that nine territorial authorities amalgamate to form a single supercity met substantial local opposition and was abandoned in June 2015.[7] The governing body of the regional council is made up of 13 councillors, representing six constituencies:[8]

Wellington
Wellington
– 5 councillors Kapiti Coast
Kapiti Coast
– 1 Porirua-Tawa – 2 Lower Hutt
Lower Hutt
– 3 Upper Hutt
Upper Hutt
– 1 Wairarapa
Wairarapa
– 1

Position Name Constituency Ticket

Chair[1] Chris Laidlaw Wellington

Councillor Roger Blakely Wellington

Councillor Jenny Brash Porirua-Tawa

Councillor Barbara Donaldson Porirua-Tawa

Councillor Penny Gaylor Kapiti

Councillor Sue Kedgley Wellington Green

Councillor Ken Laban Lower Hutt

Councillor Prue Lamason Lower Hutt

Councillor Ian McKinnon Wellington

Councillor David Ogden Lower Hutt

Councillor Daran Ponter Wellington Labour

Councillor Adrienne Staples Wairarapa

Councillor Paul Swain Upper Hutt

Term Wellington
Wellington
region[edit] In common usage the terms Wellington
Wellington
region and Greater Wellington
Wellington
are not clearly defined, and areas on the periphery of the region are often excluded. In its more restrictive sense the region refers to the cluster of built-up areas west of the Tararua ranges. The much more sparsely populated area to the east has its own name, Wairarapa, and a centre in Masterton. To a lesser extent, the Kapiti Coast
Kapiti Coast
is sometimes excluded from the region. Otaki in particular has strong connections to the Horowhenua District to the north.[citation needed] Former Wellington
Wellington
City mayor Celia Wade-Brown
Celia Wade-Brown
is not in favour of the region adopting a 'super city' type council like the one in Auckland, though is in favour of reducing the number of councils from nine to "three or four".[9] History[edit] The Māori who originally settled the region knew it as Te Upoko o te Ika a Māui, meaning "the head of Māui's fish". Legend recounts that Kupe
Kupe
discovered and explored the region in about the tenth century. The region was settled by Europeans in 1839 by the New Zealand Company. Wellington
Wellington
became the capital of Wellington
Wellington
Province upon the creation of the province in 1853, until the Abolition of the Provinces Act came into force on 1 Nov 1876.[10] Wellington
Wellington
became capital of New Zealand
New Zealand
in 1865, the third capital after Russell and Auckland. Geography[edit]

A composite landsat-7 image of the southwestern part of the region

Population density at the 2006 census

The region occupies the southern tip of the North Island, bounded to the west, south and east by the sea. To the west lies the Tasman Sea and to the east the Pacific Ocean, the two seas joined by the narrow and turbulent Cook Strait, which is 28 kilometres (17 mi) wide at its narrowest point, between Cape Terawhiti
Cape Terawhiti
and Perano Head in the Marlborough Sounds. The region covers 7,860 square kilometres (3,030 sq mi), and extends north to Otaki and almost to Eketahuna
Eketahuna
in the east. Physically and topologically the region has four areas running roughly parallel along a northeast–southwest axis:

The Kapiti Coast, a narrow strip of coastal plain running north from Paekakariki. It contains numerous small towns, many of which gain at least a proportion of their wealth from tourism, largely due to their fine beaches. Rough hill country inland from the Kapiti Coast, formed along the same major geologic fault responsible for the Southern Alps
Southern Alps
in the South Island. Though nowhere near as mountainous as the alps, the Rimutaka and Tararua ranges are still hard country and support only small populations, although it is in small coastal valleys and plains at the southern end of these ranges that the cities of Wellington
Wellington
and the Hutt Valley
Hutt Valley
are located. The undulating hill country of the Wairarapa
Wairarapa
around the Ruamahanga River, which becomes lower and flatter in the south and terminates in the wetlands around Lake Wairarapa
Wairarapa
and contains much rich farmland. Rough hill country, lower than the Tararua Range
Tararua Range
but far less economic than the land around the Ruamahanga River. This and the other hilly striation are still largely forested.

On the Quartz Hill track

There are five parks owned by the regional council:[11]

Battle Hill Farm Forest Park Belmont Regional Park East Harbour Regional Park Kaitoke Regional Park Queen Elizabeth Park

Aerial view of Wellington
Wellington
city

Plimmerton, Paremata and Pauatahanui Inlet

Demographics[edit] Over three-quarters of the 513,900 people (June 2017)[2] reside in the four cities at the southwestern corner. Other main centres of population are on the Kapiti Coast
Kapiti Coast
and in the fertile farming areas close to the upper Ruamahanga River
Ruamahanga River
in the Wairarapa. Along the Kapiti Coast, numerous small towns sit close together, many of them occupying spaces close to popular beaches. From the north, these include Otaki, Waikanae, Paraparaumu, the twin settlements of Raumati Beach
Raumati Beach
and Raumati South, Paekakariki
Paekakariki
and Pukerua Bay, the latter being a northern suburb of Porirua. Each of these settlements has a population of between 2,000 and 10,000, making this moderately heavily populated. In the Wairarapa
Wairarapa
the largest community by a considerable margin is Masterton, with a population of almost 20,000. Other towns include Featherston, Martinborough, Carterton and Greytown.

# Urban area Population (June 2017)[2] % of region

1 Wellington 211,700 41.2%

2 Lower Hutt 104,100 20.3%

3 Porirua 55,900 10.9%

4 Kapiti (Waikanae, Paraparaumu, Raumati, Paekakariki) 42,300 8.2%

5 Upper Hutt 40,800 7.9%

6 Masterton 21,800 4.2%

7 Otaki 6,300 1.2%

8 Carterton 5,240 1.0%

9 Featherston 2,420 0.5%

10 Greytown 2,340 0.5%

11 Martinborough 1,640 0.3%

Production and income[edit] The region is by a large margin the wealthiest in the country. The most up-to-date estimates for regional GDP prepared by the Ministry for Economic Development put it at $17.5 billion in the year to March 2004, $36,700 per capita, 19% more than the Auckland
Auckland
Region ($30,750); 38% more than the poorest region, Northland ($26,600); and 3% more than the second-highest region, Northern South Island
South Island
($35,800).[12] At the 2006 census the region had the largest percentages of people in the four highest income groupings ($40,001-$50,000: 8.9%, $50,001-$70,000: 10.5%, $70,001-$100,000: 5.9% and $100,001+: 5.2%) and the lowest percentage of residents in the 'loss' group (0.37%).[13] As at December 2007 people in the region has a significantly higher average weekly income from all sources ($812/week) than other regions (18% more than second-placed Auckland, $687/week).[14] In 2006 25.8% of employed Wellingtonians worked in professional occupations and 14.3% in clerical occupations, the largest percentage for each category of any region. Excluding 369 people in areas not covered by an official region, Wellington
Wellington
has the lowest percentage of technicians and trades workers (10.6%), the lowest percentage of machinery operators and drivers (4.1%) and the lowest percentage of labourers (7.1%).[13] Culture and identity[edit]

Largest groups of overseas-born residents[15]

Nationality Population (2013)

 England 28,758

 Samoa 7,563

 Australia 6,915

 China 6,990

 India 6,855

 Philippines 4,599

 South Africa 4,557

 Scotland 3,864

 Fiji 3,642

 United States 3,426

The region is second only to Auckland
Auckland
in many statistics related to breadth of ethnicity. In the 2006 census Wellington
Wellington
had the second-highest Asian population (8.4%, Auckland
Auckland
18.9%) and the second-highest Pacific Islander population (8.0%, Auckland
Auckland
14.4%). Around 25.3 percent of the Wellington
Wellington
region's population was born overseas, second only to Auckland
Auckland
(39.1 percent) and on par with the New Zealand
New Zealand
average (25.2 percent). The British Isles is the largest region of origin, accounting for 36.5 percent of the overseas-born population in the region. Significantly, the Wellington
Wellington
region is home to over half of New Zealand's Tokelauean-born population.[15][16] Around 47.7 percent of Wellingtonians affiliate with Christianity and 6.1 percent affiliate with non-Christian religions, while 43.9 percent are irreligious. Catholicism
Catholicism
is the largest Christian denomination in Wellington
Wellington
with 14.8 percent affiliating, while Anglicanism
Anglicanism
is the second-largest with 11.9 percent affiliating. Hinduism
Hinduism
(2.4 percent) and Buddhism
Buddhism
(1.6 percent) are the largest non-Christian religions.[16]

Ethnic groups of Wellington
Wellington
Region residents, 2013 census[17]

Ethnicity Number %

European 345,180 77.0

    New Zealand
New Zealand
European 312,879 69.8

   English 5,571 1.2

   British 5,136 1.1

   European (not further defined) 3,690 0.8

   Dutch 3,579 0.8

   Australian 2,658 0.6

   South African 2,421 0.5

Māori 58,335 13.0

Asian 47,235 10.5

   Chinese 15,957 3.6

   Indian 14,169 3.2

   Filipino 5,115 1.1

Pacific peoples 36,102 8.0

   Samoan 22,383 5.0

   Cook Islands Maori 6,984 1.5

   Tokelauan 3,525 0.8

   Tongan 2,448 0.5

Middle Eastern/Latin American/African 6,576 1.5

Other 8,199 1.8

   New Zealander 7,977 1.8

Total people stated 448,563 100.0

Not elsewhere included 22,752 4.8

Gender[edit] The region has the second-highest proportion of women at 51.52% (Nelson 51.53%, West Coast 49.21%), age 16-29 48.86% with Otago
Otago
next at 49.11%, followed by Gisborne at 49.18%, contrasting with Marlborough at 52.61%.[13] Education[edit] In 2006 21.1% of Wellingtonians had a degree, compared to 6.6% on the West Coast, 17.7% for Auckland
Auckland
and 14.5% for Otago
Otago
(though 0.97% of Otago
Otago
residents have doctorate level degrees, compared with 0.87% for Wellington). Auckland
Auckland
and Wellington
Wellington
are equal lowest for "No Qualification" at 18.1%.[13] Telecommunications[edit] Mobile phone use at 76.3% is exceeded only by Auckland
Auckland
(76.4%), followed by Waikato
Waikato
(75.3%). Access to the internet is 65.5%, highest equal with Auckland, followed by Canterbury (61.3%). Wellingtonians are least likely to have access to a fax machine (21.1%), after Gisborne (20.5%).[13] Economy[edit] GDP was estimated at US$19.3 billion in 2003, 15% of New Zealand GDP.[18] Transport[edit] Main article: Public transport in the Wellington
Wellington
Region Public transport in the Region is well developed compared to other parts of New Zealand. It consists of buses, trolleybuses, trains, cars, ferries and a funicular (the Wellington
Wellington
Cable Car). It also included trams until 1964. Buses and ferries are privately owned, with the infrastructure owned by public bodies, and public transport is often subsidised. The Regional Council is responsible for planning and subsidising public transport. The services are marketed under the name Metlink. Transdev Wellington
Wellington
operates the metropolitan train network, running from the Wellington
Wellington
CBD as far as Waikanae
Waikanae
in the north and Masterton
Masterton
in the east. In the year to June 2015, 36.41 million trips were made by public transport with passengers travelling a combined 460.7 million kilometres, equal to 73 trips and 927 km per capita.[19] The Wellington
Wellington
region has the lowest rate of car ownership in New Zealand; 11.7 percent of households at the 2013 census did not have access to a car, compared to 7.9 percent for the whole of New Zealand. The number of households with more than one car is also the lowest: 44.4 percent compared to 54.5 percent nationally.[20] Biodiversity[edit] From 2005 to 2015 there has been increase in the variety and number of native forest bird species, as well as an increase in the range of areas inhabited by these species, in Greater Wellington.[21] See also[edit]

List of people from Wellington

References[edit]

^ a b Forbes, Michael (30 June 2015). " Chris Laidlaw
Chris Laidlaw
elected new GWRC chairman, rates set at 9.8 per cent". The Dominion Post. Retrieved 1 July 2015.  ^ a b c d "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2017 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  ^ "The Local Government ( Wellington
Wellington
Region) Reorganisation Order 1989". New Zealand
New Zealand
Gazette: 2491 ff. 9 June 1989.  ^ "Legal notices". Greater Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council. Retrieved 3 May 2014.  ^ "Greater Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council's constituencies". Archived from the original on June 9, 2007. Retrieved 2008-05-08.  ^ Parks Network Plan (PDF). Greater Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council. 2011. p. 10. Retrieved 3 May 2014.  ^ Michael Forbes and Caleb Harris (9 June 2015). "Wellington super-city scrapped due to lack of public support". The Dominion-Post.  ^ "Council and Councillors". Greater Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council. Retrieved 14 January 2014.  ^ "No 'super city' for Wellington
Wellington
- mayor". 3 News NZ. January 28, 2013.  ^ New Zealand
New Zealand
Provinces 1848–77 ^ Greater Wellington
Wellington
Parks: Draft Regional Parks Management Plan ^ "Ministry of Economic Development Regional Economic Performance Report". 2005-11-01. Retrieved 2008-05-08.  ^ a b c d e "2006 Census Regional Summary Tables". 2007-07-03. Archived from the original on 2007-11-24. Retrieved 2008-05-08.  ^ "Nationwide Quarterly Review by Statistics New Zealand". 2008-03-25. Archived from the original on November 21, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-08.  ^ a b "Birthplace (detailed), for the census usually resident population count, 2001, 2006, and 2013 (RC, TA) – NZ.Stat". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 23 January 2016.  ^ a b "2013 Census QuickStats about culture and identity – data tables". Statistics New Zealand. 15 April 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2016.  Note some percentages (e.g. ethnicity, religion) may not add to 100 percent as people could give multiple responses or object to answering. ^ "Ethnic group (total responses), for the census usually resident population count, 2001, 2006, and 2013 Censuses (RC, TA, AU)". Statistics New Zealand.  ^ "Regional Gross Domestic Product". Statistics New Zealand. 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2010.  ^ "Greater Wellington
Wellington
Public Transport – Patronage". Greater Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council. Retrieved 29 January 2016.  ^ "2013 Census – transport and communications in New Zealand". Statistics New Zealand. 3 February 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2016.  ^ McArthur, Nikki; Harvey, Annette; Flux, Ian (October 2015). State and trends in the diversity, abundance and distribution of birds in Wellington
Wellington
City (PDF). Wellington: Greater Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wellington
Wellington
Region.

Semi-official map of territorial boundaries and links to their websites Greater Wellington
Wellington
Regional Council

v t e

Regions of New Zealand

North Island

Northland Auckland* Waikato Bay of Plenty Gisborne* Hawke's Bay Taranaki Manawatu-Wanganui Wellington

South Island

Tasman* Marlborough* Nelson* West Coast Canterbury Otago Southland

* Governed by a unitary authority rather than a regional council

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 157450

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