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Wazir Ali Khan
Wazir Ali Khan
(Hindi: वज़ीर अली खान, Urdu: وزیر علی خان‬‎)(b. 19 April 1780 – d. 15 May 1817) was the fourth[1] nawab wazir of Oudh
Oudh
from 21 September 1797 to 21 January 1798,[2] and the adopted son of Asaf-Ud-Dowlah.[3]

Contents

1 Life 2 Children 3 Timeline 4 Literature 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Life[edit]

Attack on Samuel Davis' House (14 January 1799)

He was the adopted son of Asaf-Ud-Dowlah, who had no son. He adopted a boy who was the son of a daughter of a servant. At 13 years of age, Ali was married at the cost of £300000 in Lucknow. After the death of his adopted father in September 1797 he ascended to the throne (musnud), with the support of the British. Within four months they accused him of being unfaithful. Sir John Shore (1751–1834) then moved in with 12 battalions and replaced him with his uncle Saadat Ali Khan II. Ali was granted a pension of 3,00,000 Rupees and removed to Benares. The government in Calcutta
Calcutta
decided that he should be removed further from his former realm. George Frederick Cherry, a British resident, relayed this order to him on 14 January 1799 during a breakfast invitation at which Ali had appeared with an armed guard. During the ensuing argument Ali struck Cherry a blow with his sabre, whereupon the guards killed the resident and two more Europeans. They then set out to attack the house of Samuel Davis, the Magistrate of Benares, who defended himself on the staircase of his house with a pike until rescued by British troops.[4] The affair became known as the Massacre of Benares. Subsequently Ali assembled a rebellious army of several thousand men. A quickly assembled force commanded by General Erskine moved into Benares
Benares
and "restored order" by 21 January. Ali fled to Butwal, Rajputana
Rajputana
and was granted asylum by the Raja of Jaipur. On request of Arthur Wellesley, Earl of Mornington, the raja turned Ali over to the British on the condition that he neither be hanged nor be put in fetters. Ali surrendered to the British authorities in December 1799, and was placed in rigorous confinement at Fort William, Calcutta. The colonial government complied with this: Ali spent the rest of life – 17 years – in an iron cage in Fort William in the Bengal Presidency[5]. He was buried in the Muslim graveyard of Kasi Baghan. Children[edit]

Mirza
Mirza
Jalaluddin Haidar Ali Jhan Bahadur born 1798, married and got Issue

Nawab
Nawab
Mubarak ud-Daula, who moved to Ottoman Empire

Mirza
Mirza
Muhammad Ali Khan Sahibzadi Saadatunnisa Begum

Timeline[edit]

Preceded by Asaf ad-Dowla Amani Nawab
Nawab
Wazir al-Mamalik of Oudh 21 September 1797 – 21 January 1798 Succeeded by Yamin ad-Dowla Nazem al-Molk Sa`adat `Ali Khan II Bahadur

Literature[edit]

Baillie, Laureen (Hrsg.): Indian Biographical Archiv; München, ISBN 3-598-34104-0, Fiche 492 Davis, John Francis (1795–1890); Vizier
Vizier
Ali Khan; or, The massacre of Benares: a chapter in British Indian history .. (1871) (Orig. 1844) This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. Higginbotham, J. J.; Men Whom India has Known. 1874 Ray, Aniruddha; Revolt of Vizir Ali of Oudh
Oudh
at Benares
Benares
in 1799; in: Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, 49th Session, Karnatak University, Dharwad, 1988: S 331–338 Kartoos by Habib Tanvir

Wazir Ali was known for his bravery and was highly against the Britishers. Notes[edit]

^ Posthumous title

References[edit]

^ Nawab
Nawab
Wazir Ali Khan ^ Princely States of India ^ HISTORY OF AWADH (Oudh) a princely State of India by Hameed Akhtar Siddiqui ^ Davis, Samuel; Aris, Michael (1982). Views of Medieval Bhutan: the diary and drawings of Samuel Davis, 1783. Serindia. p. 54.  ^ "পাতা:কলিকাতা সেকালের ও একালের.djvu/৯৮১ - উইকিসংকলন একটি মুক্ত পাঠাগার". bn.wikisource.org (in Bengali). Retrieved 2018-02-19. 

External links[edit]

Royal line of Nawabs of Oudh National Informatics Centre, Lucknow
Lucknow
– Rulers of Awadh NAWABS OF OUDH & THEIR SECULARISM – Dr. B. S. Saxena HISTORY OF AWADH (Oudh) a princely State of India by Hameed Akhtar Siddiqui

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 40969779 LCCN: n89145749 GND: 129011312 SUDO

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