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A War
War
Hawk, or simply hawk, is a term used in politics for someone favouring war in a debate over whether to go to war, or whether to continue or escalate an existing war. War
War
hawks are the opposite of doves. The terms are derived by analogy with the birds of the same name: hawks are predators that attack and eat other animals, whereas doves mostly eat seeds and fruit and are historically a symbol of peace.

Contents

1 Historical group 2 Variations of the term 3 See also 4 References

Historical group[edit]

Henry Clay, one of the most significant members of the War
War
Hawks.[1]

The term " War
War
Hawk" was coined by the prominent Virginia
Virginia
Congressman John Randolph of Roanoke, a staunch opponent of entry into the War
War
of 1812. There was, therefore, never any "official" roster of War
War
Hawks; as historian Donald Hickey notes, "Scholars differ over who (if anyone) ought to be classified as a War
War
Hawk."[2] One scholar believes the term "no longer seems appropriate".[3] However, most historians use the term to describe about a dozen members of the Twelfth Congress. The leader of this group was Speaker of the House Henry Clay of Kentucky. John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun
of South Carolina
South Carolina
was another notable War Hawk. Both of these men became major players in American politics for decades. Other men traditionally identified as War
War
Hawks include Richard Mentor Johnson
Richard Mentor Johnson
of Kentucky, William Lowndes of South Carolina, Langdon Cheves of South Carolina, Felix Grundy
Felix Grundy
of Tennessee, and William W. Bibb
William W. Bibb
of Georgia.[1] The President set the legislative agenda for Congress, providing committees in the House of Representatives with policy recommendations to be introduced as bills on the House floor.[4] Variations of the term[edit] In modern American usage "hawk" means a fierce advocate for a cause or policy, such as "deficit hawk" or "privacy hawk". The term also created the term "chicken hawk", referring to a war hawk who avoided military service. The term liberal hawk is a derivation of the traditional phrase, in the sense that it denotes an individual with "socially liberal" inclinations coupled with an aggressive outlook on foreign policy. See also[edit]

Look up wargasm in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Animal epithet Warmonger (other) War
War
dove

References[edit]

^ a b Eaton, Clement (1957). Henry Clay
Henry Clay
and the Art of American Politics. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company. p. 25.  ^ Donald Hickey, The War
War
of 1812: A Forgotten Conflict (Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1989), p. 334n.8. ^ Daniel M. Smith, The American Diplomatic Experience (Boston, 1972) p.60 ^ Stagg, J.C.A. (1976), "James Madison and the "Malcontents": The Political Origins of the War
War
of 1812", The William and Mary Quarterly, 33 (4): 557–585, doi:10.2307/1

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