AWARDS Knight\'s Cross of the Iron Cross
WALTER KARL ERNST AUGUST VON REICHENAU (8 October 1884 – 17 January
1942) was a field marshal in the
* 1 Life before
* 4 Awards * 5 See also
* 6 References
* 6.1 Citations * 6.2 Bibliography
* 7 External links
LIFE BEFORE NAZI PARTY MEMBERSHIP
Born in 1884, Reichenau served in
World War I
Reichenau's uncle was an ardent Nazi and introduced him to Adolf
Hitler in April 1932. Reichenau joined the
When Hitler came to power in January 1933, Blomberg became Minister of War and Reichenau was appointed as head of the Ministerial Office, acting as liaison officer between the Army and the Nazi Party. He played a leading role in persuading Nazi leaders such as Göring and Himmler that the power of Ernst Röhm and the SA must be broken if the army was to support the Nazi-led government. This led directly to the " Night of the Long Knives " of 30 June 1934.
In 1935 Reichenau was promoted to lieutenant general
(Generalleutnant) and was also appointed to command the military
WORLD WAR II
In September 1939, Reichenau commanded the 10th Army during the
German invasion of Poland . In 1940 he led the 6th Army during the
Hitler and Reichenau in September 1941
During the German invasion of the
During its offensive into the Soviet Union, the German army was
confronted with a number of superior tank designs. Reichenau inspected
the Soviet tanks he came across, entering each tank and measuring its
armour plate. According to general staff officer Paul Jordan, after
On 14 January 1942 Reichenau suffered a stroke after a run in cold weather. He died before he could be evacuated to Germany. The flight carrying his body crashed while landing in Lemberg . Hitler gave him a state funeral.
Politically, Reichenau was an anti-Semite who equated
In this eastern theatre, the soldier is not only a man fighting in accordance with the rules of the art of war... For this reason the soldier must learn fully to appreciate the necessity for the severe but just retribution that must be meted out to the subhuman species of Jewry....
All Jews were henceforth to be treated as de facto partisans, and
commanders were directed that they be either summarily shot or handed
over to the
* Knight\'s Cross of the Iron Cross on 30 September 1939 as General der Artillerie and commander-in-chief of the 10. Armee
* ^ Liddell Hart, p. 13 * ^ video by Guido Knopp and Henry Kohler: "Hitler's Warriors. Paulus the Defector." (accessdate=2012-1-08), year=1998; publisher=ZDF Enterprises. * ^ Glantz Ruhle, Otto (2015). With Paulus at Stalingrad. Translated by Tony Le Tissier. Pen and Sword Books Ltd. pp. 1–2. ISBN 9781473833869 . * ^ A B Reichenau, Walter von (October 10, 1941). "Secret Field Marshal v. Reichenau Order Concerning Conduct of Troops in the Eastern Territories, 10 October 1941". Stuart D. Stein, The School of Humanities, Languages and Social Sciences, University of the West of England . Archived from the original on December 27, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-18. The soldier in the eastern territories is not merely a fighter according to the rules of the art of war but also a bearer of ruthless national ideology and the avenger of bestialities which have been inflicted upon German and racially related nations. Therefore the soldier must have full understanding for the necessity of a severe but just revenge on subhuman Jewry. The Army has to aim at another purpose, i.e., the annihilation of revolts in hinterland which, as experience proves, have always been caused by Jews * ^ Mayer, Arno J. Why Did The Heavens Not Darken?, New York: Pantheon, 1988, 1990 page 250. * ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 352.
* Craig, William (1974). Enemy at the Gates. The Battle for Stalingrad. Victoria: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-139017-4 . * Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) . Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6 . * Glantz, David M.; House, Jonathan (2009). To the Gates of Stalingrad: Soviet-German Combat Operations, April-August 1942. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-1630-5 .
* Görlitz, Walter (1989). "Reichenau," in Correlli Barnett ed., Hitler's Generals. New York: Grove Weidenfeld. pp. 208–18. * Liddell Hart, B.H. , The German Generals Talk. New York, NY: Morrow, 1948. * Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2 .