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WALTER SCHIMANA (12 March 1898 – 12 September 1948) was an Austrian Nazi Party
Nazi Party
and high-ranking SS official during World War II
World War II
, and was Higher SS and Police Leader
Higher SS and Police Leader
in occupied Greece
Greece
from October 1943. Responsible for numerous war crimes and atrocities in the occupied territories, he was arrested by the Allies after the war and committed suicide while awaiting trial.

CONTENTS

* 1 Nazi career * 2 World War II
World War II
and war crimes * 3 Awards * 4 See also * 5 References

NAZI CAREER

Schimana became an early member of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(NSDAP), on 7 December 1926 (Party-Nr. 49042), and joined the paramilitary SA in Munich. After the Nazis came to national power, in 1934 he entered the uniformed Protection Police (Schutzpolizei ) with the rank of captain. In 1936 he was transferred to the Gendarmerie as a major. After the Anschluss
Anschluss
, he was transferred to the Police Headquarters at Vienna
Vienna
as Commander of the motorized Gendarmerie for Austria. On 15 August 1939 he entered the SS with the rank of Standartenführer
Standartenführer
. At the outbreak of the war in Europe, he took over command of a field gendarmerie battalion in Poland, France then Generalgouvernement of Poland up to 1940. He held command of various schools of the motorized gendarmerie then staff duties into Main Office for Uniformed Police Hauptamt Ordnungspolizei from 1940 to 1941.

WORLD WAR II AND WAR CRIMES

Members of an Order Police
Order Police
unit under Schimana's command attacking a village in central Russia, 1942.

On 4 September 1941, he was appointed SS and Police Leader
SS and Police Leader
(SSPF) for the Saratov
Saratov
area, and later attached to the staff of the Higher SS and Police Leader (HSSPF) for Central Russia until July 1942, taking part in rear-securiyt operations. From 21 July 1942 to 15 July 1943 he was SSPF of Belarus
Belarus
, with headquarters at Minsk
Minsk
. Reporting to Friedrich Jeckeln , he was responsible for the formation of the Schutzmannschaft (collaborationist police) battalions. Subsequently, he underwent training as a divisional commander and was appointed commander of the newly formed SS Division Galicia until October 1943.

On 18 October, Schimana was appointed HSSPF for Greece, in replacement to Jürgen Stroop , a position he held until the withdrawal of German forces from the country in September–October 1944. He became actively engaged in carrying out the persecution of Greek Jews and the campaign against the Greek Resistance
Greek Resistance
movement. In this capacity he was instrumental in the formation of the infamous " Security Battalions ". After the German withdrawal, he was appointed HSSPF of the Danube Sector , which had its headquarters in Vienna. He remained in that position until the German capitulation.

He was captured by the Allies and imprisoned, but committed suicide before he could be brought to trial.

AWARDS

SS- AND POLICE RANKS OF SCHIMANA

DATE RANK

August 1939 SS- Standartenführer
Standartenführer

November 1940 Oberstleutnant of the Polizei

December 1941 Oberst
Oberst
of the Polizei

January 1942 SS-Oberführer

September 1942 SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Polizei

July 1943 SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS

April 1944 SS-Gruppenführer , Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
and Polizei

* Eisernes Kreuz I. and II. Klasse * Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (1943)

SEE ALSO

* List SS-Gruppenführer

REFERENCES

* ^ Leonid Rein: The Kings And The Pawns: Collaboration in Byelorussia during World War II * ^ Wolfgang Graf: Österreichische SS-Generäle. Himmlers verlässliche Vasallen, Hermagoras-Verlag, Klagenfurt/ Ljubljana/ Wien 2012, S. 408. * ^ Wolfgang Graf: Österreichische SS-Generäle. Himmlers verlässliche Vasallen, Hermagoras-Verlag, Klagenfurt/ Ljubljana/ Wien 2012, S. 261 f.

* v * t * e

Greece
Greece
during World War II
World War II

1940–1941 BALKANS CAMPAIGN

Greco-Italian War (1940–1941)

BATTLES

* Pindus * Elaia–Kalamas * Korytsa/Korcë * Saranda * Morava–Ivan * Himara * Klisura Pass * Trebeshina

* Italian Spring Offensive

* Hill 731

LEADERS

GREECE

* Ioannis Metaxas
Ioannis Metaxas
* Alexander Papagos
Alexander Papagos
* Charalambos Katsimitros * Konstantinos Davakis * Ioannis Pitsikas * Dimitrios Papadopoulos * Georgios Kosmas
Georgios Kosmas

ITALY

* Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
* Galeazzo Ciano
Galeazzo Ciano
* Sebastiano Visconti Prasca
Sebastiano Visconti Prasca
* Ubaldo Soddu * Ugo Cavallero
Ugo Cavallero
* Carlo Geloso

German invasion (April–May 1941)

BATTLES

* Metaxas Line * Vevi * Kleisoura Pass * Thermopylae * Crete

LEADERS

GREECE

* King George II * Alexander Papagos
Alexander Papagos
* Georgios Tsolakoglou
Georgios Tsolakoglou

BRITISH COMMONWEALTH

* Henry Maitland Wilson * Thomas Blamey
Thomas Blamey
* Bernard Freyberg

GERMANY

* Wilhelm List * Sepp Dietrich
Sepp Dietrich
* Kurt Student
Kurt Student

OCCUPATION AND COLLABORATION

Occupying powers

PEOPLE

GERMANY

* Günther Altenburg * Hermann Neubacher * Walter Schimana * Alexander Löhr
Alexander Löhr
* Hellmuth Felmy
Hellmuth Felmy
* Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller * Alexander Andrae * Bruno Bräuer * Max Merten

ITALY

* Angelico Carta * Pellegrino Ghigi * Carlo Geloso * Piero Parini

BULGARIA

* Andon Kalchev

ATROCITIES

* Kondomari * Kandanos * Alikianos * Doxato
Doxato
* Kommeno * Kalavryta * Lyngiades * Distomo * Domenikon * Drakeia * Acqui Division * Mesovouno * Pyrgoi * Viannos * Vorizia * Anogeia * Kedros * Kleisoura * Haidari concentration camp * Larissa concentration camp * 200 of Kaisariani * Chortiatis * The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Greece
Greece

Economic exploitation

* Greek economy, 1941–1944 * Great Famine * DEGRIGES * Compulsory loan

Collaborationist government

PEOPLE

* Georgios Tsolakoglou
Georgios Tsolakoglou
* K. Logothetopoulos * Ioannis Rallis * Georgios Poulos * Friedrich Schubert * George S. Mercouris * Ioannis Plytzanopoulos * Sotirios Gotzamanis

ORGANIZATIONS

* Security Battalions * Hellenic Socialist Patriotic Organisation (ESPO) * National Union of Greece
Greece
(EEE) * Greek National Socialist Party

SECESSIONISTS

* Vlach "Roman Legion" * Ohrana
Ohrana

* Cham collaboration

* Këshilla

ATROCITIES

* Paramythia * Kokkinia

RESISTANCE

National Liberation Front (EAM)

PEOPLE

* Aris Velouchiotis
Aris Velouchiotis
* Stefanos Sarafis * Andreas Tzimas * Georgios Siantos * Alexandros Svolos
Alexandros Svolos
* Ilias Tsirimokos * Markos Vafeiadis * Evripidis Bakirtzis

ORGANIZATIONS

* Communist Party of Greece
Greece
(KKE) * Socialist Party of Greece
Greece
(SKE) * Union of People\'s Democracy (ELD)

* Greek People\'s Liberation Army (ELAS)

* Greek People\'s Liberation Navy (ELAN)

* Political Committee of National Liberation
Political Committee of National Liberation
(PEEA) and National Council * United Panhellenic Organization of Youth (EPON) * National Solidarity (EA) * Organization for the Protection of the People\'s Struggle (OPLA) * Slavic-Macedonian National Liberation Front (SNOF)

OPERATIONS

* Drama Uprising * Ryka * Mikro Chorio * Gorgopotamos Bridge * Meritsa * Fardykambos * Sarantaporo * Porta * Pinerolo disarmament * Steiri * Agorelitsa * Kournovo Tunnel

ATROCITIES

* Feneos executions * 5/42 Regiment dissolution * Meligalas

NON-EAM RESISTANCE

PEOPLE

* Napoleon Zervas
Napoleon Zervas
* Georgios Kartalis * Dimitrios Psarros
Dimitrios Psarros
* Komninos Pyromaglou * Kostas Perrikos
Kostas Perrikos
* Vasileios Sachinis * Manolis Paterakis * Petrakogiorgis * Kimonas Zografakis

ORGANIZATIONS

* National Republican Greek League (EDES)

* National Bands of Greek Guerrillas (EOEA)

* National and Social Liberation
National and Social Liberation
(EKKA)

* 5/42 Regiment

* Defenders of Northern Greece
Greece
(YVE) / Panhellenic Liberation Organization (PAO) * Panhellenic Union of Fighting Youths (PEAN) * National Organization of Crete (ΕΟΚ) * Hellenic Army (ES) * Northern Epirus Liberation Front (MAVI) * others...

OPERATIONS

* ESPO bombing * Gorgopotamos Bridge (Operation "Harling") * Agia Kyriaki * Milia * Skala Paramythias * Xirovouni * Trahili * Menina * Dodona

ATROCITIES

* Expulsion of Cham Albanians

British Mission in Greece
Greece
(SOE )

PEOPLE

* Eddie Myers
Eddie Myers
* Chris Woodhouse * Patrick Leigh Fermor
Patrick Leigh Fermor
* Bill Stanley Moss * Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz

OPERATIONS

* Operation "Albumen" * Gorgopotamos Bridge (Operation "Harling") * Operation "Animals" * Asopos Bridge (Operation "Washing") * Kidnap of General Kreipe * Damasta sabotage
Damasta sabotage

GREEK GOVERNMENT-IN-EXILE

Greek government in exile

EVENTS

* El Alamein * Dodecanese * April 1944 mutiny * Rimini

PEOPLE

* King George II * Emmanouil Tsouderos
Emmanouil Tsouderos
* Sofoklis Venizelos
Sofoklis Venizelos
* Panagiotis Kanellopoulos * Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos * Pafsanias Katsotas

Greek Armed Forces in the Middle East

* 3rd Mountain Brigade * Sacred Band * Vasilissa Olga * Adrias * Katsonis * Papanikolis * 13th Squadron * 335th Squadron * 336th Squadron

LIBERATION AND SLIDE TOWARDS THE GREEK CIVIL WAR

PRELUDE TO CIVIL WAR

EVENTS

* National Bands Agreement * Plaka agreement (el) * Lebanon Conference * Caserta agreement (el) * Operation "Manna" * Percentages agreement
Percentages agreement

* Dekemvriana
Dekemvriana

* Treaty of Varkiza

PEOPLE

* Ronald Scobie
Ronald Scobie
* Georgios Papandreou
Georgios Papandreou
* Archbishop Damaskinos * Georgios Grivas
Georgios Grivas
* Angelos Evert
Angelos Evert
* Nikos Zachariadis
Nikos Zachariadis

* v * t * e

The Holocaust in Ukraine
The Holocaust in Ukraine

Main article The Holocaust
The Holocaust
Related articles by country Belarus
Belarus
Estonia Latvia Lithuania Norway Poland Russia

CRIMES

* Babi Yar
Babi Yar
* Drobytsky Yar * Drohobych * Kamianets-Podilskyi * Lviv pogroms
Lviv pogroms
* Mizocz Ghetto * Odessa * Pripyat Swamps

MAJOR PERPETRATORS

* Paul Blobel
Paul Blobel
* Werner Braune
Werner Braune
* Lothar Fendler * Hans Frank
Hans Frank
* Günther Herrmann * Friedrich Jeckeln
Friedrich Jeckeln
* Ernst Kaltenbrunner
Ernst Kaltenbrunner
* Fritz Katzmann
Fritz Katzmann
* Erich Koch
Erich Koch
* Felix Landau * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Otto Ohlendorf * Paul Otto Radomski * Otto Rasch
Otto Rasch
* Walter Schimana * Erwin Schulz
Erwin Schulz
* Heinrich Seetzen * Otto Wächter * Dieter Wisliceny

NAZI OCCUPATION AND ORGANIZATIONS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* Police Regiment South * Reichskommissariat Ukraine
Reichskommissariat Ukraine

COLLABORATORS Individuals Vladimir Katriuk Petro Voinovsky Petro Zakhvalynsky Organizations Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
Ukrainian Auxiliary Police Nachtigall Battalion
Nachtigall Battalion

GHETTOS, CAMPS AND PRISONS

* Bogdanovka
Bogdanovka
* Drohobych Ghetto * Syrets concentration camp * Vapniarka concentration camp

RESISTANCE AND SURVIVORS

* Priest\'s Grotto * Syrets inmate revolt

Planning, methods, documents and evidence Planning Generalplan Ost
Generalplan Ost
Volksliste
Volksliste
Evidence Graebe affidavit

CONCEALMENT AND DENIAL

* Sonderaktion 1005

INVESTIGATIONS AND TRIALS

* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial * Extraordinary (Soviet) State Commission

RIGHTEOUS AMONG THE NATIONS

* Klymentiy Sheptytsky * Omelyan Kovch * Hermann Friedrich Graebe

MEMORIALS

* Babi Yar
Babi Yar
memorials * List of Babi Yar
Babi Yar
victims

See also History of the Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia
History of the Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia
Transnistria Governorate
Transnistria Governorate

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 98186620 * LCCN : no2005103567 * ISNI : 0000 0001 1478 406X * GND :

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