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Walter Schimana
Walter Schimana
(12 March 1898 – 12 September 1948) was an Austrian Nazi Party
Nazi Party
and high-ranking SS official during World War II, and was Higher SS and Police Leader
Higher SS and Police Leader
in occupied Greece
Greece
from October 1943. Responsible for numerous war crimes and atrocities in the occupied territories, he was arrested by the Allies after the war and committed suicide while awaiting trial.

Contents

1 Nazi career 2 World War II
World War II
and war crimes 3 Awards 4 See also 5 References

Nazi career[edit] Schimana became an early member of the Nazi Party
Nazi Party
(NSDAP), on 7 December 1926 (Party-Nr. 49042), and joined the paramilitary SA in Munich. After the Nazis came to national power, in 1934 he entered the uniformed Protection Police (Schutzpolizei) with the rank of captain. In 1936 he was transferred to the Gendarmerie as a major. After the Anschluss, he was transferred to the Police Headquarters at Vienna
Vienna
as Commander of the motorized Gendarmerie for Austria. On 15 August 1939 he entered the SS with the rank of Standartenführer. At the outbreak of the war in Europe, he took over command of a field gendarmerie battalion in Poland, France then Generalgouvernement of Poland up to 1940. He held command of various schools of the motorized gendarmerie then staff duties into Main Office for Uniformed Police Hauptamt Ordnungspolizei from 1940 to 1941. World War II
World War II
and war crimes[edit]

Members of an Order Police
Order Police
unit under Schimana's command attacking a village in central Russia, 1942.

On 4 September 1941, he was appointed SS and Police Leader
SS and Police Leader
(SSPF) for the Saratov
Saratov
area, and later attached to the staff of the Higher SS and Police Leader (HSSPF) for Central Russia until July 1942, taking part in rear-security operations. From 21 July 1942 to 15 July 1943 he was SSPF of Belarus, with headquarters at Minsk. Reporting to Friedrich Jeckeln, he was responsible for the formation of the Schutzmannschaft (collaborationist police) battalions.[1] Subsequently, he underwent training as a divisional commander and was appointed commander of the newly formed SS Division Galicia
SS Division Galicia
until October 1943. On 18 October, Schimana was appointed HSSPF for Greece, in replacement to Jürgen Stroop, a position he held until the withdrawal of German forces from the country in September–October 1944. He became actively engaged in carrying out the persecution of Greek Jews and the campaign against the Greek Resistance
Greek Resistance
movement. In this capacity he was instrumental in the formation of the infamous "Security Battalions". After the German withdrawal, he was appointed HSSPF of the Danube Sector, which had its headquarters in Vienna. He remained in that position until the German capitulation. He was captured by the Allies and imprisoned, but committed suicide before he could be brought to trial. Awards[edit]

SS- and police ranks of Schimana

Date Rank

August 1939 SS-Standartenführer

November 1940 Oberstleutnant of the Polizei

December 1941 Oberst
Oberst
of the Polizei

July 1942 SS-Oberführer

September 1942 SS-Brigadeführer
SS-Brigadeführer
and Generalmajor of the Polizei

July 1943 SS-Brigadeführer
SS-Brigadeführer
and Generalmajor of the Waffen-SS

April 1944 SS-Gruppenführer, Generalleutnant of the Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
and Polizei

Eisernes Kreuz
Eisernes Kreuz
I. and II. Klasse[2] Deutsches Kreuz
Deutsches Kreuz
in Gold[3] (1943)

See also[edit]

List SS-Gruppenführer

References[edit]

^ Leonid Rein: The Kings And The Pawns: Collaboration in Byelorussia during World War II ^ Wolfgang Graf: Österreichische SS-Generäle. Himmlers verlässliche Vasallen, Hermagoras-Verlag, Klagenfurt/ Ljubljana/ Wien 2012, S. 408. ^ Wolfgang Graf: Österreichische SS-Generäle. Himmlers verlässliche Vasallen, Hermagoras-Verlag, Klagenfurt/ Ljubljana/ Wien 2012, S. 261 f.

v t e

Greece
Greece
during World War II

1940–1941 Balkans Campaign

Greco-Italian War (1940–1941)

Battles

Pindus Elaia–Kalamas Korytsa/Korcë Saranda Morava–Ivan Himara Klisura Pass Trebeshina Italian Spring Offensive

Hill 731

Leaders

Greece

Ioannis Metaxas Alexandros Papagos Charalambos Katsimitros Konstantinos Davakis Ioannis Pitsikas Dimitrios Papadopoulos Georgios Kosmas

Italy

Benito Mussolini Galeazzo Ciano Sebastiano Visconti Prasca Ubaldo Soddu Ugo Cavallero Carlo Geloso

German invasion (April–May 1941)

Battles

Metaxas Line Vevi Kleisoura Pass Thermopylae Crete

Leaders

Greece

King George II Alexandros Papagos Georgios Tsolakoglou

British Commonwealth

Henry Maitland Wilson Thomas Blamey Bernard Freyberg

Germany

Wilhelm List Sepp Dietrich Kurt Student

Occupation and collaboration

Occupying powers

People

Germany

Günther Altenburg Hermann Neubacher Walter Schimana Alexander Löhr Hellmuth Felmy Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller Alexander Andrae Bruno Bräuer Max Merten

Italy

Angelico Carta Pellegrino Ghigi Carlo Geloso Piero Parini

Bulgaria

Andon Kalchev

Atrocities

Kondomari Kandanos Alikianos Doxato Kommeno Kalavryta Lyngiades Distomo Domenikon Drakeia Acqui Division Mesovouno Pyrgoi Viannos Vorizia Anogeia Kedros Kleisoura Haidari concentration camp Larissa concentration camp 200 of Kaisariani Chortiatis The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Greece

Economic exploitation

Greek economy, 1941–1944 Great Famine DEGRIGES Compulsory loan

Collaborationist government

People

Georgios Tsolakoglou K. Logothetopoulos Ioannis Rallis Georgios Poulos Friedrich Schubert Nikolaos Bourandas George S. Mercouris Ioannis Plytzanopoulos Sotirios Gotzamanis

Organizations

Security Battalions Hellenic Socialist Patriotic Organisation (ESPO) National Union of Greece
Greece
(EEE) Greek National Socialist Party

Secessionists

Vlach "Roman Legion" Ohrana Cham collaboration

Këshilla

Atrocities

Paramythia Kokkinia

Resistance

National Liberation Front (EAM)

People

Aris Velouchiotis Stefanos Sarafis Andreas Tzimas Georgios Siantos Alexandros Svolos Ilias Tsirimokos Markos Vafeiadis Evripidis Bakirtzis

Organizations

Communist Party of Greece
Greece
(KKE) Socialist Party of Greece
Greece
(SKE) Union of People's Democracy (ELD) Greek People's Liberation Army
Greek People's Liberation Army
(ELAS)

Greek People's Liberation Navy (ELAN)

Political Committee of National Liberation
Political Committee of National Liberation
(PEEA) and National Council United Panhellenic Organization of Youth
United Panhellenic Organization of Youth
(EPON) National Solidarity (EA) Organization for the Protection of the People's Struggle (OPLA) Slavic-Macedonian National Liberation Front (SNOF)

Operations

Drama uprising Ryka Mikro Chorio Gorgopotamos Bridge Meritsa Fardykambos Sarantaporo Porta Pinerolo disarmament Steiri Agorelitsa Kournovo Tunnel

Atrocities

Feneos executions 5/42 Regiment dissolution Meligalas

Non-EAM resistance

People

Napoleon Zervas Georgios Kartalis Dimitrios Psarros Komninos Pyromaglou Kostas Perrikos Vasileios Sachinis Manolis Paterakis Petrakogiorgis Kimonas Zografakis

Organizations

National Republican Greek League
National Republican Greek League
(EDES)

National Bands of Greek Guerrillas (EOEA)

National and Social Liberation
National and Social Liberation
(EKKA)

5/42 Regiment

Defenders of Northern Greece
Greece
(YVE) / Panhellenic Liberation Organization (PAO) Panhellenic Union of Fighting Youths
Panhellenic Union of Fighting Youths
(PEAN) National Organization of Crete (ΕΟΚ) Hellenic Army (ES) Northern Epirus Liberation Front (MAVI) others...

Operations

ESPO bombing Gorgopotamos Bridge (Operation "Harling") Agia Kyriaki Milia Skala Paramythias Xirovouni Trahili Menina Dodona

Atrocities

Expulsion of Cham Albanians

British Mission  in Greece
Greece
(SOE)

People

Eddie Myers Chris Woodhouse Patrick Leigh Fermor Bill Stanley Moss Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz

Operations

Operation "Albumen" Gorgopotamos Bridge (Operation "Harling") Operation "Animals" Asopos Bridge (Operation "Washing") Kidnap of Heinrich Kreipe Damasta sabotage

Greek government-in-exile

Greek government in exile

Events

El Alamein Dodecanese April 1944 mutiny Rimini

People

King George II Emmanouil Tsouderos Sofoklis Venizelos Panagiotis Kanellopoulos Thrasyvoulos Tsakalotos Pafsanias Katsotas

Greek Armed Forces in the Middle East

3rd Mountain Brigade Sacred Band Vasilissa Olga Adrias Katsonis Papanikolis 13th Squadron 335th Squadron 336th Squadron

Liberation and slide towards the Greek Civil War

Prelude to Civil War

Events

National Bands Agreement Plaka agreement (el) Lebanon Conference Caserta agreement (el) Operation "Manna" Percentages agreement Dekemvriana

Treaty of Varkiza

People

Ronald Scobie Georgios Papandreou Archbishop Damaskinos Georgios Grivas Angelos Evert Nikos Zachariadis

v t e

The Holocaust
The Holocaust
in Ukraine

Main article The Holocaust Related articles by country Belarus Estonia Latvia Lithuania Norway Poland Russia

Crimes

Babi Yar Drobytsky Yar Drohobych Kamianets-Podilskyi Lviv pogroms Mizocz Ghetto Odessa Pripyat Swamps

Major perpetrators

Paul Blobel Werner Braune Lothar Fendler Hans Frank Günther Herrmann Friedrich Jeckeln Ernst Kaltenbrunner Fritz Katzmann Erich Koch Felix Landau Gustav Adolf Nosske Otto Ohlendorf Paul Otto Radomski Otto Rasch Walter Schimana Erwin Schulz Heinrich Seetzen Otto Wächter Dieter Wisliceny

Nazi occupation and organizations

Einsatzgruppen Police Regiment South Reichskommissariat Ukraine

Collaborators

Individuals Hryhoriy Vasiura Vladimir Katriuk Petro Voinovsky Petro Zakhvalynsky

Organizations Schutzmannschaft Ukrainian Auxiliary Police Nachtigall Battalion

Ghettos, camps and prisons

Bogdanovka Drohobych Ghetto Syrets concentration camp Vapniarka concentration camp

Resistance and survivors

Priest's Grotto Syrets inmate revolt

Planning, methods, documents and evidence

Planning Generalplan Ost Volksliste

Evidence Graebe affidavit

Concealment and denial

Sonderaktion 1005

Investigations and trials

Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
trial Extraordinary (Soviet) State Commission

Righteous Among the Nations

Klymentiy Sheptytsky Omelyan Kovch Hermann Friedrich Graebe

Memorials

Babi Yar
Babi Yar
memorials List of Babi Yar
Babi Yar
victims

See also History of the Jews in Carpathian Ruthenia Transnistria Governorate

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 98186620 LCCN: no2005103567 ISNI: 0000 0001 1478 4

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