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Walter Frederick "Fritz" Mondale (born January 5, 1928) is an American politician, diplomat and lawyer who served as the 42nd Vice President of the United States
United States
from 1977 to 1981, and as a United States
United States
Senator from Minnesota
Minnesota
(1964–76). He was the Democratic Party's presidential nominee in the United States
United States
presidential election of 1984, but lost to Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
in a landslide. Reagan won 49 states while Mondale carried his home state of Minnesota
Minnesota
and Washington, D.C. Mondale was born in Ceylon, Minnesota, and graduated from the University of Minnesota
Minnesota
in 1951 after attending Macalester College. He then served in the U.S. Army during the Korean War
Korean War
before earning a law degree in 1956. He married Joan Adams in 1955. Working as a lawyer in Minneapolis, Mondale was appointed to the position of attorney general in 1960 by Governor Orville Freeman
Orville Freeman
and was elected to a full term as attorney general in 1962 with 60 percent of votes cast. He was appointed to the U.S. Senate by Governor Karl Rolvaag upon the resignation of Senator Hubert Humphrey
Hubert Humphrey
following Humphrey's election as vice president in 1964. Mondale was subsequently elected to a full Senate term in 1966 and again in 1972, resigning that post in 1976 as he prepared to succeed to the vice presidency in 1977. While in the Senate, he supported consumer protection, fair housing, tax reform, and the desegregation of schools. Importantly, he served as a member of the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities ("Church Committee").[1] In 1976, Jimmy Carter, the Democratic presidential nominee, chose Mondale as his vice presidential running mate. The Carter/Mondale ticket defeated incumbent president Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
and his vice presidential running mate, Bob Dole. Carter and Mondale's time in office was marred by a worsening economy and, although both were renominated by the Democratic Party, they lost the 1980 election to Republicans Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
and George H. W. Bush. In 1984, Mondale won the Democratic presidential nomination and campaigned for a nuclear freeze, the Equal Rights Amendment, an increase in taxes, and a reduction of U.S. public debt. After his defeat by Reagan, Mondale joined the Minnesota-based law firm of Dorsey & Whitney and the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (1986–93). President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
appointed Mondale United States Ambassador to Japan
United States Ambassador to Japan
in 1993; he retired in 1996. In 2002, Mondale ran for his old Senate seat, agreeing to be the last-minute replacement for Democratic Senator Paul Wellstone, who had been killed in a plane crash during the final two weeks of his re-election campaign. However, Mondale narrowly lost that race. He then returned to working at Dorsey & Whitney and remained active in the Democratic Party. Mondale later took up a part-time teaching position at the University of Minnesota's Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs.[2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Entry into politics 3 U.S. Senator

3.1 Policies 3.2 Committees 3.3 Apollo 204 accident 3.4 Church intelligence committee

4 Vice Presidency (1977–1981)

4.1 1980 election

5 Post-Vice Presidency (1981–present)

5.1 1984 presidential campaign 5.2 Private citizen and ambassador 5.3 2002 Senate election and beyond

6 Family and personal life 7 In popular culture 8 Published works 9 Electoral history 10 Records 11 Books 12 See also 13 References 14 Further reading 15 External links

Early life[edit] Walter Frederick Mondale was born in Ceylon, Minnesota, the son of Claribel Hope (née Cowan), a part-time music teacher, and Theodore Sigvaard Mondale, a Methodist
Methodist
minister.[3][4][5] Walter's half-brother Lester Mondale became a Unitarian minister.[6] Mondale also has two brothers, Clarence, known as Pete (1926–2014) and William, known as Mort. His paternal grandparents were Norwegian immigrants,[7] and his mother, the daughter of an immigrant from Ontario, was of Scottish and English descent.[8] The surname "Mondale" comes from Mundal, a valley and town in the Fjærland
Fjærland
region of Norway.[9][10] Mondale attended public schools and Macalester College
Macalester College
in St. Paul before transferring to the University of Minnesota, where he earned a B.A. in political science in 1951.[11] As Mondale did not have enough money to attend law school, he enlisted in the U.S. Army and served for two years at Fort Knox
Fort Knox
during the Korean War, reaching the rank of corporal. He married Joan Adams in 1955. Through the support of the G.I. Bill, he graduated from the University of Minnesota
Minnesota
Law School in 1956. While at law school, he served on the Minnesota
Minnesota
Law Review and as a law clerk in the Minnesota Supreme Court under Justice Thomas F. Gallagher. He then practiced law in Minneapolis, and continued to do so for four years before entering the political arena.[12] Entry into politics[edit] Mondale became involved in national politics in the 1940s. At the age of 20, he was visible in Minnesota
Minnesota
politics by helping organize Hubert Humphrey's successful Senate campaign in 1948. Humphrey's campaign assigned Mondale to cover the staunchly Republican 2nd district. Mondale, who had been raised in the region, was able to win the district for Humphrey by a comfortable margin.[13] After working with Humphrey, Mondale went on to work on several campaigns for Orville Freeman. Mondale worked on Freeman's unsuccessful 1952 campaign for governor as well as his successful campaign in 1954 and his re-election campaign in 1958.[14]:14 In 1960, Governor Freeman appointed Mondale as Minnesota
Minnesota
Attorney General following the resignation of Miles Lord. At the time he was appointed, Mondale was only 32 years old and had been practicing law for four years. He won re-election to the post in his own right in the 1962 election.[15] During his tenure as Minnesota
Minnesota
Attorney General, the case Gideon v. Wainwright (which ultimately established the right of defendants in state courts to have a lawyer) was being heard by the U.S. Supreme Court. When those opposed to the right to counsel organized a Friend of the Court brief representing several state attorneys general for that position, Mondale organized a countering Friend of the Court brief from many more state attorneys general, arguing that defendants must be allowed a lawyer.[16] Mondale also continued the investigation of former Minneapolis
Minneapolis
mayor Marvin L. Kline and the mismanagement of the Sister Kenny Foundation.[17] At the 1964 Democratic National Convention, Mondale played a major role in the proposed but ultimately unsuccessful compromise by which the national Democratic Party offered the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party two at-large seats.[18] Mondale also served as a member of the President's Consumer Advisory Council from 1960 to 1964.[11] U.S. Senator[edit]

This article is missing information about Mondale's stance on tax reform, school desegregation, as stated in the introduction. Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page. (March 2011)

Senator Walter F. Mondale

On December 30, 1964, Mondale was appointed by Minnesota
Minnesota
Governor Karl Rolvaag to the United States Senate
United States Senate
to fill the vacancy caused by Hubert Humphrey's resignation after being elected Vice President of the United States. Mondale was elected to the Senate for the first time in 1966, defeating Republican candidate Robert A. Forsythe, by 53.9 percent to 45.2. In 1972, Democratic presidential candidate George McGovern
George McGovern
offered Mondale an opportunity to be his vice presidential running mate, which he declined.[19] That year, Mondale won reelection to the Senate with over 57 percent of the vote, even as President Nixon carried Minnesota. He served in the 88th, 89th, 90th, 91st, 92nd, 93rd, and 94th congresses. Policies[edit] Mondale worked hard to build up the center of the party on economic and social issues. Unlike his own father, a fervent liberal, he was not a crusader for the New Deal. Instead he realized the Democratic base (especially ethnic blue-collar workers) was gradually moving to the right and he worked to keep their support.[20] Mondale showed little or no interest in foreign policy until about 1974, when he realized that some knowledge was necessary if he had loftier aspirations than the Senate. He developed a centrist position, avoiding alignment with either the party's hawks (such as Henry M. Jackson) or its doves (such as George McGovern).[21] He took a liberal position on civil rights issues, which proved acceptable in Minnesota, a state with "a minuscule black population".[22] Mondale was a chief sponsor of the federal Fair Housing Act, which prohibits discrimination in housing and created HUD's Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity as the primary enforcer of the law.[23] During the Johnson presidency, Mondale supported the Vietnam War, but after Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
became President in 1969, he began to oppose it and participated in legislation aimed at restricting Nixon's ability to prolong the war. Mondale is pro-choice on the issue of abortion.[24][25] Committees[edit] Mondale rotated on and off numerous committees, including the Aeronautical and Space Sciences Committee; the Finance Committee; the Labor and Public Welfare Committee; the Budget Committee; and the Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs Committee. He also served as chairman of the Select Committee on Equal Education Opportunity and as chairman of the Intelligence Committee's Domestic Task Force. He additionally served as chairman of the Labor and Public Welfare Committee's subcommittee on Children and Youth, as well as chairman of the Senate subcommittee on social security financing.[26]

Apollo 204 accident[edit] In 1967, Mondale served on the Aeronautical and Space Sciences Committee, then chaired by Clinton P. Anderson, when astronauts Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee
Roger Chaffee
were killed in a fire on January 27 while testing the Apollo 204 (later renumbered Apollo 1) spacecraft. NASA
NASA
Administrator James E. Webb
James E. Webb
secured the approval of President Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
for NASA
NASA
to internally investigate the cause of the accident according to its established procedures, subject to Congressional oversight. NASA's procedure called for the Deputy Administrator (and de facto general manager), Dr. Robert C. Seamans, to appoint and oversee an investigative panel. In February, a reporter passed a leak to Mondale, of the existence of an internal NASA
NASA
report issued in 1965 by Apollo program director Samuel C. Phillips, detailing management, cost, delivery, and quality problems of the Apollo prime contractor North American Aviation. In the February 27 hearing, Mondale asked Webb if he knew of such a report. Webb had not yet seen the December 1965 written report, so he responded in the negative. Seamans had passed along to Webb neither the written report, nor the briefing presentation made to him in January 1966 by Phillips and Phillips' boss, Manned Space Flight Administrator George Mueller.[27] Both Seamans and Mueller had also been called to testify at this session. Mueller denied the report's existence, even though he must have been well aware of it, as he had appended his own strongly-worded letter to the copy sent to North American president Lee Atwood.[28] Seamans was afraid Mondale might somehow be in possession of a copy (which he was not), so he admitted that NASA
NASA
often reviewed its contractors' performance, with both positive and negative results, however that was nothing extraordinary. Under repeated questioning from Mondale, Webb promised that he would investigate whether this "Phillips Report" existed, and if so, to see if a controlled release could be made to Congress. Immediately after the hearing, Webb saw the Phillips report for the first time.[27] The controversy spread to both houses of Congress and grew (through the efforts of three of Mondale's fellow committee members, Republicans Margaret Chase Smith, Edward Brooke
Edward Brooke
and Charles H. Percy) to include the second-guessing of NASA's original selection in 1961 of North American as the prime Apollo spacecraft contractor, which Webb became forced to defend. The House of Representatives NASA
NASA
oversight committee, which was conducting its own hearings and had picked up on the controversy, was ultimately given a copy of the Phillips report. While the Committee, as a whole, believed that NASA
NASA
should have informed Congress of the Phillips review results in 1966, its final report issued on January 30, 1968, concluded (as had NASA's own accident investigation completed on April 5, 1967), that "the findings of the [Phillips] task force had no effect on the accident, did not lead to the accident, and were not related to the accident". Yet Mondale wrote a minority opinion accusing NASA
NASA
of "evasiveness,... lack of candor, ... patronizing attitude exhibited toward Congress, ... refusal to respond fully and forthrightly to legitimate congressional inquiries, and ... solicitous concern for corporate sensitivities at a time of national tragedy".[29] Mondale explained his actions in a 2001 interview: "I think that by forcing a public confrontation about these heretofore secret and deep concerns about the safety and the management of the program, it forced NASA
NASA
to restructure and reorganize the program in a way that was much safer."[27] (In the 1998 miniseries From the Earth to the Moon, Mondale is portrayed (by John Slattery) as being entirely against the space program and wanting to shut it down following the disaster, although after a moving testimony delivered by astronaut Frank Borman (David Andrews), Mondale is seen to acquiesce.) Church intelligence committee[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2011)

In 1975, Mondale served on the Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, chaired by Idaho Senator Frank Church, that investigated alleged abuses by the Central Intelligence Agency and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Vice Presidency (1977–1981)[edit] Further information: Presidency of Jimmy Carter

Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
and Jimmy Carter, in front of Presidential helicopter Marine One
Marine One
in January 1979

Mondale's official portrait as Vice President

When Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
won the Democratic nomination for president in 1976, he chose Mondale as his running mate. The ticket was narrowly elected on November 2, 1976, and Mondale was inaugurated as Vice President of the United States
United States
on January 20, 1977. He became the fourth vice president in four years, the other three being: Spiro Agnew (1969–73), Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
(1973–74), and Nelson Rockefeller (1974–77). Under Carter, Mondale traveled extensively throughout the nation and the world advocating the administration's foreign policy. His travels also included a visit to the USS Midway (CV-41), which was on station at the time in the Indian Ocean, during the Iranian hostage crisis. Mondale was the first vice president to have an office in the White House and established the concept of an "activist Vice President." Mondale established the tradition of weekly lunches with the president, which continues to this day. More importantly, he expanded the vice president's role from that of figurehead to presidential advisor, full-time participant, and troubleshooter for the administration. Subsequent vice presidents have followed this model in the administrations in which they serve.[30] 1980 election[edit] Further information: U.S. presidential election, 1976
U.S. presidential election, 1976
and U.S. presidential election, 1980 Carter and Mondale were renominated at the 1980 Democratic National Convention, but soundly lost to the Republican ticket of Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush. That year, Mondale opened the XIII Olympic Winter Games in Lake Placid, New York. Carter and Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
are the longest-living post-presidential team in American history. On May 23, 2006, they had been out of office for 9,254 days (25 years, 4 months and 3 days), surpassing the former record established by President John Adams
John Adams
and Vice President Thomas Jefferson, both of whom died on July 4, 1826. On September 8, 2012, Carter surpassed Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover
as the President with the longest retirement from the office. On April 23, 2014, Mondale surpassed Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
as the Vice-President with the longest retirement from that office at 12,146 days (33 years, 3 months and 3 days). Post-Vice Presidency (1981–present)[edit] 1984 presidential campaign[edit] Main articles: Democratic Party presidential primaries, 1984
Democratic Party presidential primaries, 1984
and United States
United States
presidential election, 1984

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After losing the 1980 election, Mondale returned briefly to the practice of law at Winston and Strawn, a large Chicago-based law firm, but he had no intention of staying out of politics for long. Mondale ran for the Democratic Party presidential nomination in the 1984 election, and from the early going, he was the front-runner. His opposition included Reverend Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
and Senator Gary Hart
Gary Hart
of Colorado. Hart pulled an upset by winning the New Hampshire primary in March, but Mondale had a large portion of the party leadership behind him. To great effect, Mondale used the Wendy's
Wendy's
slogan "Where's the beef?" to describe Hart's policies as lacking depth. Jackson, widely regarded as the first serious African-American candidate for president, held on longer, but Mondale clinched the nomination with the majority of delegates on the first ballot. Mondale's nomination marked the first time since the nomination of former Governor Adlai Stevenson II
Adlai Stevenson II
of Illinois
Illinois
in 1956 (and the second time since the nomination of former Congressman John W. Davis
John W. Davis
from West Virginia
West Virginia
in 1924) that the Democratic Party nominated a private citizen for President (i.e., not serving in an official government role at the time of the nomination and election). Mondale was the last private citizen to be nominated for President by the Democratic Party until former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
in 2016. All four of the private-citizen Democratic nominees mentioned (Davis, Stevenson, Mondale, and Clinton) lost their general elections. (Republican private-citizen nominees include former Vice President Richard Nixon in 1968, former Governor Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
of California
California
in 1980, former Senator Bob Dole
Bob Dole
of Kansas
Kansas
in 1996 (Dole resigned from his Senate seat on July 11, 1996, a month before he was nominated for president), former Governor Mitt Romney
Mitt Romney
of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
in 2012, and Donald Trump in 2016. While Dole and Romney lost their general elections, Nixon, Reagan, and Trump won theirs.)[31] At the Democratic Convention, Mondale chose U.S. Representative Geraldine Ferraro
Geraldine Ferraro
of New York as his running mate, making her the first woman nominated for that position by a major party. Aides later said that Mondale was determined to establish a precedent with his vice presidential candidate, considering San Francisco Mayor Dianne Feinstein (female and Jewish); Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley, an African American; and San Antonio
San Antonio
Mayor Henry Cisneros, a Mexican American, as other finalists for the nomination.[32] Others preferred Senator Lloyd Bentsen
Lloyd Bentsen
because he would appeal to the Deep South, or even nomination rival Gary Hart. Ferraro, as a Catholic, came under fire from some Catholic Church leaders for being pro-choice. Much more controversy erupted over her changing positions regarding the release of her husband's tax returns, and her own ethics record in the House. Ferraro was on the defensive throughout much of the campaign, largely negating her breakthrough as the first woman on a major national ticket, and the first Italian American
Italian American
to reach that level in American politics. When Mondale made his acceptance speech at the Democratic Convention, he said: "By the end of my first term, I will reduce the Reagan budget deficit by two‑thirds. Let's tell the truth. It must be done, it must be done. Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I. He won't tell you. I just did."[31] While this was meant to show that Mondale would be honest with voters, it was instead largely interpreted as a campaign pledge to raise taxes to spend on domestic programs, which was unappealing to many voters.

One of the logos of the Mondale campaign

Mondale ran a liberal campaign, supporting a nuclear freeze and the Equal Rights Amendment
Equal Rights Amendment
(ERA). He spoke against Reagan's economic policies and in support of reducing federal budget deficits. However, he was going up against a popular incumbent and his campaign was widely considered ineffective. Also, he was perceived as supporting the poor at the expense of the middle class. Southern whites and northern blue-collar workers who usually voted Democratic switched their support to Reagan because they credited him with the economic boom and saw him as strong on national security issues.[citation needed] In the first televised debate, Mondale performed unexpectedly well, questioning Reagan's age and capacity to endure the grueling demands of the presidency (Reagan was the oldest person to serve as president—73 at the time—while Mondale was 56). In the next debate on October 21, 1984, Reagan deflected the issue by quipping, "I will not make age an issue of this campaign. I am not going to exploit, for political purposes, my opponent's youth and inexperience." In the election, Mondale was defeated in a landslide, winning only the District of Columbia and his home state of Minnesota, and even there his margin of victory was fewer than 3,800 votes,[33] securing only 13 electoral votes to Reagan's 525. The result was the worst electoral college defeat for any Democratic Party candidate in history, and the worst for any major-party candidate since Alf Landon's loss to Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
in 1936. Mondale received 37,577,352 votes—a total of 40.6 percent of the popular vote in the election. Mondale received 40–49 percent in California, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. Private citizen and ambassador[edit] Following the election, Mondale returned to private law practice, with Dorsey & Whitney in Minneapolis
Minneapolis
in 1987. From 1986 to 1993, Mondale was chairman of the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs. During the presidency of Bill Clinton, he was U.S. Ambassador to Japan from 1993 to 1996, chaired a bipartisan group to study campaign finance reform, and was Clinton's special envoy to Indonesia
Indonesia
in 1998. Until his appointment as U.S. Ambassador to Japan, Mondale was a Distinguished University Fellow in Law and Public Affairs at the Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs
Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs
at the University of Minnesota. In 1990 Mondale established the Mondale Policy Forum at the Humphrey Institute. The forum has brought together leading scholars and policymakers for annual conferences on domestic and international issues. He also served on nonprofit boards of directors for the Guthrie Theater
Guthrie Theater
Foundation, the Mayo Foundation, the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, the Diogenes Institute of Higher Learning, the Prince Hall Masonic Temple, the RAND Corporation, and the University of Minnesota
Minnesota
Foundation. His corporate board memberships included BlackRock Advantage Term Trust and other BlackRock Mutual Funds, Cargill
Cargill
Incorporated, CNA Financial Corporation, the Encyclopædia Britannica, First Financial Fund, and other Prudential Mutual Funds, Northwest Airlines, and United HealthCare Corporation. Mondale spoke before the Senate on September 4, 2002, when he delivered a lecture on his service, with commentary on the transformation of the office of the Vice President during the Carter administration, the Senate cloture rule for ending debate, and his view on the future of the Senate in U.S. political history. The lecture was a part of a continuing Senate "Leaders Lecture Series" that ran from 1998 to 2002.[34] 2002 Senate election and beyond[edit]

Former Vice President Mondale giving a lecture in the Senate in 2002

Main articles: United States Senate
United States Senate
elections, 2002 and United States Senate election in Minnesota, 2002 In 2002, Democratic U.S. Senator Paul Wellstone
Paul Wellstone
of Minnesota, who was running for re-election, died in a plane crash just 11 days before the November 5 election. At the age of 74, Mondale replaced Wellstone on the ballot, at the urging of Wellstone's relatives. This Senate seat was the one that Mondale himself had held, before resigning to become Vice President in 1977. During his debate with the Republican nominee, former St. Paul Mayor Norm Coleman, Mondale emphasized his own experience in foreign affairs while painting Coleman as a finger-in-the-wind opportunist. "We've seen you shift around, Norman", Mondale said, alluding to Coleman's past as an anti-war college activist and, more recently, as a Democrat who had changed his party allegiance to the GOP while serving as mayor of St. Paul. Mondale lost the election, finishing with 1,067,246 votes (47.34%) to Coleman's 1,116,697 (49.53%) out of 2,254,639 votes cast, earning him the unique distinction of having lost a statewide election in all 50 states as the nominee of a major party (he lost the other 49 in the 1984 Presidential Election). Upon conceding defeat, Mondale stated: "At the end of what will be my last campaign, I want to say to Minnesota, you always treated me well, you always listened to me."[35] In 2004 Mondale became co-chairman of the Constitution Project's bipartisan Right to Counsel Committee.[36] He endorsed Senator Hillary Clinton (D-NY) for the Presidency of the United States
United States
and supported her campaign for the White House in 2008.[37] On June 3, 2008, following the final primary contests, Mondale switched his endorsement to Senator Barack Obama
Barack Obama
(D-Ill.), who had clinched the nomination the previous evening, and later won the presidency. Following the U.S. presidential election of 2004 and the mid‑term elections of 2006, Mondale is seen talking with Al Franken about the possibility of the latter running for Norm Coleman's U.S. Senate seat in 2008 in the documentary Al Franken: God Spoke.[38] In the film, Mondale encourages Franken to run, but cautions him, saying that Coleman's allies and the Republican Party were going to look for anything they could use against him. Franken ultimately ran and won the 2008 Senate election by 312 votes after the election results had been contested in court by Coleman until June 30, 2009.[39] Mondale and Senator Amy Klobuchar
Amy Klobuchar
stood with Franken in the Senate chamber when Franken was sworn in on July 7, 2009. Mondale then stood again with Senator Amy Klobuchar
Amy Klobuchar
when Tina Smith was sworn in on January 3, 2018. Family and personal life[edit]

Mondale in 2014

His wife, Joan Mondale, was a national advocate for the arts and was the Honorary Chairman of the Federal Council on the Arts and Humanities during the Carter Administration. On February 3, 2014, she died at a hospice in Minneapolis
Minneapolis
surrounded by members of their family.[40] The Mondales' eldest son Ted is an entrepreneur and the CEO of Nazca Solutions, a technology fulfillment venture. He is also a former Minnesota
Minnesota
state senator. In 1998, Ted Mondale unsuccessfully sought the Democratic nomination for Minnesota
Minnesota
governor, running as a fiscal moderate who had distanced himself from labor. The Mondales' daughter, Eleanor, was a television personality. She also had radio talk shows in Chicago, and a long-running program on WCCO (AM)
WCCO (AM)
in Minneapolis. She died of brain cancer at her home in Minnesota
Minnesota
on September 17, 2011, at the age of 51.[41] Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
has a residence near Lake of the Isles
Lake of the Isles
in Minneapolis. Mondale is a Presbyterian. He enjoys fishing, reading Shakespeare
Shakespeare
and historical accounts, barbecuing, skiing, watching Monty Python, and playing tennis.[42] Mondale has maintained strong ties to the University of Minnesota
Minnesota
Law School. In 2002 the law school renamed its building Walter F. Mondale Hall. Mondale has contributed cameo appearances to the Law School's annual T.O.R.T. ("Theater of the Relatively Talentless") productions and has allowed his name to be used as the nickname of the school's hockey team: the "Fighting Mondales". Mondale has deep connections to his ancestral Norway. Upon entering the Senate in 1964, he took over the seat of vice president Hubert Humphrey, another Norwegian-American. In later years, Mondale has served on the executive committee of the Peace Prize Forum, an annual conference co-sponsored by the Norwegian Nobel Institute
Norwegian Nobel Institute
and five Midwestern colleges of Norwegian heritage. During Norway's Centennial Celebration in 2005, he chaired the committee to promote and develop cultural activities between Norway
Norway
and Norwegian-American organizations. While he was in office, Twin Cities Public Television produced a documentary about him entitled Walter Mondale: There's a Fjord
Fjord
in Your Past, a play on the well-known advertising slogan, "There's a Ford in Your Future". On December 5, 2007, Norwegian minister of foreign affairs Jonas Gahr Støre announced that Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
would be named Honorary Consul-General of Norway, representing the Norwegian state in Minnesota.[43] In popular culture[edit]

Bill Murray
Bill Murray
played Mondale on Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
in the late 1970s, as did Gary Kroeger, Dana Carvey, and Jon Lovitz
Jon Lovitz
in the mid‑1980s. In the 1998 HBO
HBO
miniseries From the Earth to the Moon, Mondale is portrayed by John Slattery. In Beverly Hills 90210, Brandon Walsh's 1978 Mercury Cougar was named Mondale.

Published works[edit]

The Good Fight: A Life in Liberal Politics, Mondale's memoir, was published in 2010 Twelve Years and Thirteen Days: Remembering Paul and Sheila Wellstone, co-written with Terry Gydesen, was published in 2003 Crisis and Opportunity in a Changing Japan, co-written with William Regis Farrell, was published in 1999 The Accountability of Power: Toward a Responsible Presidency, was written in 1976.

Electoral history[edit] Main article: Electoral history of Walter Mondale Records[edit] In the "Walter F. Mondale Papers" at the Minnesota
Minnesota
Historical Society, digital content is available for research use.[44] Contents include speech files, handwritten notes, memoranda, annotated briefings, schedules, correspondence, and visual materials. The collection includes senatorial, vice presidential, ambassadorial, political papers and campaign files, and personal papers documenting most aspects of Mondale's 60‑years-long career, including all of his public offices, campaigns, and Democratic Party and other non-official activities. The University of Minnesota
Minnesota
Law Library's Walter F. Mondale website is devoted to Mondale's senatorial career. Mondale's work is documented in full text access to selected proceedings and debates on the floor of the Senate as recorded in the Congressional Record.[45] Books[edit]

Mondale, Walter F. (1975). The Accountability of Power: Toward a Responsible Presidency. New York: D. McKay Company. ISBN 9780679505587. OCLC 924994584.  Mondale, Walter; Hage, Dave (2010). The Good Fight: A Life in Liberal Politics. New York: Scribner. ISBN 9780816691661. OCLC 965579928. 

See also[edit]

Biography portal Government of the United States
United States
portal Minnesota
Minnesota
portal Politics portal

References[edit]

^ Staff Report Archived October 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. of Church Committee, archived by Federation of American Scientists, retrieved October 22, 2014. ^ "Up Close with Walter Mondale". UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA FOUNDATION. University of Minnesota. Archived from the original on November 6, 2015. Retrieved May 2, 2016.  ^ "American President: Walter Mondale". Millercenter.org. Archived from the original on July 4, 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2010.  ^ "Walter Mondale". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved July 20, 2010.  ^ "Walter F. Mondale, 42nd Vice President (1977–1981)". U.S. Senate. Retrieved July 20, 2010.  ^ Schafer, Ed (February 18, 1977). " Lester Mondale Treasures Privacy". The News and Courier. Charleston, SC. p. 16-A. Retrieved March 21, 2014.  ^ "Jimmy Carter". American Experience. PBS. Retrieved July 20, 2010.  ^ "Ancestry of Walter Mondale". Wargs.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2012.  ^ Hotel Mundal website, Fjaerland. ^ Information Fjærland
Fjærland
Archived September 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. website ^ a b "Mondale, Walter Frederick, (1928 – )". Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress. Retrieved August 11, 2011.  ^ Gillon, Steven M. (1992). The Democrats' dilemma: Walter F. Mondale and the Liberal Legacy. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231076319.  ^ "Mondale Future". The Washington Post. January 20, 1977.  ^ Mondale, Walter (2010). The Good Fight: A Life in Liberal Politics. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781439171684.  ^ "Walter F. Mondale : mnhs.org". mnhs.org.  ^ Burke, Kevin S. "Happy anniversary, Clarence Gideon". MinnPost.  ^ Cohn, Victor (1976). Sister Kenny: The Woman Who Challenged the Doctors. University of Minnesota
Minnesota
Press. p. 244. ISBN 9780816657339.  ^ Olson, Dan. "The Mondale Lectures: Atlantic City Revisited". Minnesota
Minnesota
Public Radio.  ^ Lin, Judy (October 7, 2010). "George McGovern: the personal and political toll of mental illness". UCLA Today. Archived from the original on December 11, 2012. Retrieved September 6, 2012. Six colleagues – from Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
to Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
– turned him down for reasons ranging from "My mother just couldn't take it" (Kennedy, referring to Rose Kennedy's grief following the assassinations of her sons, John and Robert) to "I'm getting married tomorrow, and I don't know if my marriage will survive a presidential campaign" (Abe Ribicoff).  ^ Steven M. Gillon, The Democrats' Dilemma: Walter F. Mondale and the Liberal Legacy (1992) pp. xxiii, xxvi, 8, 303 ^ Steven M. Gillon, The Democrats' Dilemma: Walter F. Mondale and the Liberal Legacy pp 149–51 ^ Steven M. Gillon, The Democrats' Dilemma, pp 68–69, 111, quote p. 69 ^ http://www.huduser.org/Periodicals/CITYSCPE/VOL4NUM3/mathias.pdf ^ "Can a Catholic be a Democrat?". google.com.  ^ "American President: A Reference Resource". Miller Center of Public Affairs. Archived from the original on March 19, 2015. Retrieved June 16, 2015.  ^ "The Nation: The Straightest Arrow". Time. July 26, 1976. Retrieved November 4, 2011. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ a b c "Washington Goes to the Moon (Part 2)". Soundprint. yes. Washington D.C. May 24, 2001. NPR. WAMU 88.5 FM. Archived from the original on July 28, 2011. Retrieved March 15, 2011.  ^ Garber, Steve (February 3, 2003). " NASA
NASA
Apollo Mission Apollo-1 – Phillips Report". NASA
NASA
History Office. Retrieved April 14, 2010.  ^ Anderson, Clinton P.; Edward M. Brooke; Charles H. Percy; Walter F. Mondale (January 30, 1968). "Apollo 204 Accident". Senate Report. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Senate. No. 956. Archived from the original on December 20, 2014.  ^ Paul Kengor, Wreath Layer or Policy Player: The Vice President's Role in Foreign Policy (2000) p. 85 ^ a b Mondale's Acceptance Speech, 1984, AllPolitics ^ Trying to Win the Peace, by Even Thomas, Time ^ "1984 Presidential Election Data—Minnesota". Archived from the original on July 11, 2001. Retrieved April 5, 2006. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ Address by Vice President Walter Mondale, September 4, 2002 in the United States
United States
Senate Leader's Lecture Series Speakers ^ "Mondale Concedes to Coleman". Fox News.  ^ [1] Archived August 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ^ [2] Archived November 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Al Franken: God Spoke at the Internet Movie Database ^ "Senate recount trial: Judges' ruling is boon to Franken". Star Tribune.  ^ "Joan Mondale, wife of former VP Walter, dies at 83". Mprnews.org. December 15, 2011. Retrieved February 4, 2014.  ^ "Kara Kennedy, Eleanor Mondale
Eleanor Mondale
dead at 51". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. Archived from the original on September 18, 2011. Retrieved September 17, 2011.  ^ "Biography of Walter F. Mondale:". mnc.net.  ^ " Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
to be new Consul General in Minneapolis". Government.no.  ^ "Finding Aid: Walter F. Mondale Papers".  ^ "Walter F. Mondale". University of Minnesota.

Further reading[edit]

Gillon, Steven M. (1992). The Democrats' Dilemma: Walter F. Mondale and the Liberal Legacy

External links[edit]

United States
United States
Congress. " Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
(id: M000851)". Biographical Directory of the United States
United States
Congress.  Senate Leaders Lecture Series Address Minnesota
Minnesota
Public Radio: Coleman, Mondale debate on eve of election (November 4, 2002) – featuring audio of the 2002 debate Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs: The Mondale Lectures on Public Service Walter F. Mondale: An Inventory of His Papers, including his Vice Presidential Papers, at the Minnesota
Minnesota
Historical Society Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
Oral History, at the Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training List of New York Times articles on Mondale Appearances on C-SPAN

Legal offices

Preceded by Miles Lord Attorney General of Minnesota 1960–1964 Succeeded by Robert Mattson

U.S. Senate

Preceded by Hubert Humphrey U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Minnesota 1964–1976 Served alongside: Eugene McCarthy, Hubert Humphrey Succeeded by Wendell Anderson

Party political offices

Preceded by Hubert Humphrey Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Minnesota (Class 2) 1966, 1972 Succeeded by Wendell Anderson

Preceded by Sargent Shriver Democratic nominee for Vice President of the United States 1976, 1980 Succeeded by Geraldine Ferraro

Preceded by Jimmy Carter Democratic nominee for President of the United States 1984 Succeeded by Michael Dukakis

Preceded by Paul Wellstone Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Minnesota (Class 2) 2002 Succeeded by Al Franken

Political offices

Preceded by Nelson Rockefeller Vice President of the United States 1977–1981 Succeeded by George H. W. Bush

Diplomatic posts

Preceded by Michael Armacost United States
United States
Ambassador to Japan 1993–1996 Succeeded by Tom Foley

Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)

Preceded by David Ige as Governor of Hawaii United States
United States
order of precedence as Former Vice President Succeeded by Dan Quayle as Former Vice President

v t e

Vice Presidents of the United States
United States
(list)

John Adams
John Adams
(1789–1797) Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
(1797–1801) Aaron Burr
Aaron Burr
(1801–1805) George Clinton (1805–1812) Elbridge Gerry
Elbridge Gerry
(1813–1814) Daniel D. Tompkins
Daniel D. Tompkins
(1817–1825) John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun
(1825–1832) Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren
(1833–1837) Richard M. Johnson (1837–1841) John Tyler
John Tyler
(1841) George M. Dallas
George M. Dallas
(1845–1849) Millard Fillmore
Millard Fillmore
(1849–1850) William R. King
William R. King
(1853) John C. Breckinridge
John C. Breckinridge
(1857–1861) Hannibal Hamlin
Hannibal Hamlin
(1861–1865) Andrew Johnson
Andrew Johnson
(1865) Schuyler Colfax
Schuyler Colfax
(1869–1873) Henry Wilson
Henry Wilson
(1873–1875) William A. Wheeler
William A. Wheeler
(1877–1881) Chester A. Arthur
Chester A. Arthur
(1881) Thomas A. Hendricks
Thomas A. Hendricks
(1885) Levi P. Morton
Levi P. Morton
(1889–1893) Adlai Stevenson (1893–1897) Garret Hobart
Garret Hobart
(1897–1899) Theodore Roosevelt
Theodore Roosevelt
(1901) Charles W. Fairbanks
Charles W. Fairbanks
(1905–1909) James S. Sherman
James S. Sherman
(1909–1912) Thomas R. Marshall
Thomas R. Marshall
(1913–1921) Calvin Coolidge
Calvin Coolidge
(1921–1923) Charles G. Dawes
Charles G. Dawes
(1925–1929) Charles Curtis
Charles Curtis
(1929–1933) John Nance Garner
John Nance Garner
(1933–1941) Henry A. Wallace
Henry A. Wallace
(1941–1945) Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
(1945) Alben W. Barkley
Alben W. Barkley
(1949–1953) Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon
(1953–1961) Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
(1961–1963) Hubert Humphrey
Hubert Humphrey
(1965–1969) Spiro Agnew
Spiro Agnew
(1969–1973) Gerald Ford
Gerald Ford
(1973–1974) Nelson Rockefeller
Nelson Rockefeller
(1974–1977) Walter Mondale
Walter Mondale
(1977–1981) George H. W. Bush
George H. W. Bush
(1981–1989) Dan Quayle
Dan Quayle
(1989–1993) Al Gore
Al Gore
(1993–2001) Dick Cheney
Dick Cheney
(2001–2009) Joe Biden
Joe Biden
(2009–2017) Mike Pence
Mike Pence
(2017–present)

List Category

v t e

United States
United States
Democratic Party

Chairpersons of the DNC

Hallett McLane Smalley Belmont Schell Hewitt Barnum Brice Harrity Jones Taggart Mack McCombs McCormick Cummings White Hull Shaver Raskob Farley Flynn Walker Hannegan McGrath Boyle McKinney Mitchell Butler Jackson Bailey O'Brien Harris O'Brien Westwood Strauss Curtis White Manatt Kirk Brown Wilhelm DeLee Dodd/Fowler Romer/Grossman Rendell/Andrew McAuliffe Dean Kaine Wasserman Schultz Perez

Presidential tickets

Jackson/Calhoun Jackson/Van Buren Van Buren/R. Johnson Van Buren/None Polk/Dallas Cass/Butler Pierce/King Buchanan/Breckinridge Douglas/H. Johnson (Breckinridge/Lane, SD) McClellan/Pendleton Seymour/Blair Greeley/Brown Tilden/Hendricks Hancock/English Cleveland/Hendricks Cleveland/Thurman Cleveland/Stevenson I W. Bryan/Sewall W. Bryan/Stevenson I Parker/H. Davis W. Bryan/Kern Wilson/Marshall (twice) Cox/Roosevelt J. Davis/C. Bryan Smith/Robinson Roosevelt/Garner (twice) Roosevelt/Wallace Roosevelt/Truman Truman/Barkley Stevenson II/Sparkman Stevenson II/Kefauver Kennedy/L. Johnson L. Johnson/Humphrey Humphrey/Muskie McGovern/(Eagleton, Shriver) Carter/Mondale (twice) Mondale/Ferraro Dukakis/Bentsen B. Clinton/Gore (twice) Gore/Lieberman Kerry/Edwards Obama/Biden (twice) H. Clinton/Kaine

State/ Territorial Parties

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Conventions

(List)

1832 (Baltimore) 1835 (Baltimore) 1840 (Baltimore) 1844 (Baltimore) 1848 (Baltimore) 1852 (Baltimore) 1856 (Cincinnati) 1860 (Baltimore) 1864 (Chicago) 1868 (New York) 1872 (Baltimore) 1876 (Saint Louis) 1880 (Cincinnati) 1884 (Chicago) 1888 (Saint Louis) 1892 (Chicago) 1896 (Chicago) 1900 ( Kansas
Kansas
City) 1904 (Saint Louis) 1908 (Denver) 1912 (Baltimore) 1916 (Saint Louis) 1920 (San Francisco) 1924 (New York) 1928 (Houston) 1932 (Chicago) 1936 (Philadelphia) 1940 (Chicago) 1944 (Chicago) 1948 (Philadelphia) 1952 (Chicago) 1956 (Chicago) 1960 (Los Angeles) 1964 (Atlantic City) 1968 (Chicago) 1972 (Miami Beach) 1976 (New York) 1980 (New York) 1984 (San Francisco) 1988 (Atlanta) 1992 (New York) 1996 (Chicago) 2000 (Los Angeles) 2004 (Boston) 2008 (Denver) 2012 (Charlotte) 2016 (Philadelphia)

Affiliated groups

Fundraising

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Stonewall Young Democrats

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Related articles

History Primaries Debates Party factions Superdelegate 2005 chairmanship election 2017 chairmanship election

Liberalism portal

v t e

United States
United States
Senators from Minnesota

Class 1

Rice Ramsey McMillan Davis Towne Clapp Kellogg Shipstead Thye McCarthy H. Humphrey M. Humphrey Durenberger Grams Dayton Klobuchar

Class 2

Shields Wilkinson Norton Windom Stearns Windom Edgerton Windom Sabin Washburn K. Nelson Johnson Schall Benson Howard Lundeen Ball A. Nelson Ball H. Humphrey Mondale Anderson Boschwitz Wellstone Barkley Coleman Franken Smith

v t e

Attorneys General of Minnesota

Babcock Emmett Berry Cole Colvill Cornell Wilson Start Hahn Clapp Childs Douglas Donahower Young Simpson Smith Hilton Pratt Youngquist Benson Peterson Ervin Burnquist Lord Mondale Mattson Head Spannaus Humphrey Hatch Swanson

v t e

(1972 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1976 (→ 1980)

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee

Jimmy Carter

VP nominee

Walter Mondale

Candidates

Birch Bayh Lloyd Bentsen Jerry Brown Robert Byrd Hugh Carey Frank Church Fred R. Harris Hubert Humphrey Henry M. Jackson Leon Jaworski Barbara Jordan Eugene McCarthy Ellen McCormack Walter Mondale Jennings Randolph Terry Sanford Milton Shapp

campaign

Sargent Shriver Adlai Stevenson III Mo Udall George Wallace

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Nominee

Gerald Ford

VP nominee

Bob Dole

Candidates

James L. Buckley Ronald Reagan Harold Stassen

Third party and independent candidates

American Party

Nominee

Thomas J. Anderson

American Independent Party

Nominee

Lester Maddox

Communist Party

Nominee

Gus Hall

VP nominee

Jarvis Tyner

Libertarian Party

Nominee

Roger MacBride

VP nominee

David Bergland

People's Party

Nominee

Margaret Wright

VP nominee

Benjamin Spock

Prohibition Party

Nominee

Ben Bubar

VP nominee

Earl Dodge

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee

Peter Camejo

VP nominee

Willie Mae Reid

U.S. Labor Party

Nominee

Lyndon LaRouche

Other 1976 elections: House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

(1976 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1980 (→ 1984)

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Primary results

Nominee Ronald Reagan

VP nominee George H. W. Bush

Candidates John B. Anderson Howard Baker George H. W. Bush John Connally Phil Crane Bob Dole Ben Fernandez Harold Stassen

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Primary results

Nominee Jimmy Carter

VP nominee Walter Mondale

Candidates Jerry Brown Ted Kennedy Ron Dellums

Independent

Candidate John B. Anderson

VP candidate Patrick Lucey

Other independent and third party candidates

Citizens Party

Nominee Barry Commoner

VP nominee LaDonna Harris

Libertarian Party

Nominee Ed Clark

VP nominee David Koch

Prohibition Party

Nominee Ben Bubar

VP nominee Earl Dodge

Socialist Party

Nominee David McReynolds

VP nominee Diane Drufenbrock

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee Andrew Pulley Alternate nominees Richard Congress Clifton DeBerry

Workers World Party

Nominee Deirdre Griswold

VP nominee Gavrielle Holmes

Independents and other candidates

Lyndon LaRouche Maureen Smith Running mate Elizabeth Cervantes Barron Warren Spannaus

Other 1980 elections House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

(1980 ←) United States
United States
presidential election, 1984 (→ 1988)

Republican Party

Convention Primaries

Primary results

Nominee Ronald Reagan

VP nominee George H. W. Bush

Candidates Ben Fernandez Harold Stassen

Democratic Party

Convention Primaries

Primary results

Nominee Walter Mondale

VP nominee Geraldine Ferraro

Candidates Reubin Askew Alan Cranston John Glenn Gary Hart Fritz Hollings Jesse Jackson George McGovern

Third party and independent candidates

Citizens Party

Nominee Sonia Johnson

VP nominee Richard Walton

Communist Party

Nominee Gus Hall

VP nominee Angela Davis

Libertarian Party

Nominee David Bergland

VP nominee Jim Lewis

Candidates Gene Burns Earl Ravenal Mary Ruwart

Prohibition Party

Nominee Earl Dodge

Socialist Equality Party

Nominee Edward Winn

VP nominee Helen Halyard

Socialist Party

Nominee Sonia Johnson

VP nominee Richard Walton

Socialist Workers Party

Nominee Melvin T. Mason

VP nominee Matilde Zimmermann

Workers World Party

Nominee Larry Holmes Alternate nominee Gavrielle Holmes

VP nominee Gloria La Riva

Independents and other candidates

Charles Doty Larry Flynt Larry "Bozo" Harmon Lyndon LaRouche Running mate Billy Davis

Other 1984 elections House Senate Gubernatorial

v t e

Cabinet of President Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
(1977–81)

Cabinet

Secretary of State

Cyrus R. Vance (1977–80) Edmund S. Muskie (1980–81)

Secretary of the Treasury

W. Michael Blumenthal
W. Michael Blumenthal
(1977–79) G. William Miller
G. William Miller
(1979–81)

Secretary of Defense

Harold Brown (1977–81)

Attorney General

Griffin B. Bell (1977–79) Benjamin R. Civiletti (1979–81)

Secretary of the Interior

Cecil Andrus
Cecil Andrus
(1977–81)

Secretary of Agriculture

Robert S. Bergland (1977–81)

Secretary of Commerce

Juanita M. Kreps
Juanita M. Kreps
(1977–80) Philip M. Klutznick (1980–81)

Secretary of Labor

F. Ray Marshall
Ray Marshall
(1977–81)

Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare

Joseph A. Califano Jr.
Joseph A. Califano Jr.
(1977–79) Patricia R. Harris (1979)

Secretary of Health and Human Services

Patricia R. Harris (1979–81)

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Patricia R. Harris (1977–79) Moon Landrieu
Moon Landrieu
(1979–81)

Secretary of Transportation

Brock Adams
Brock Adams
(1977–79) Neil E. Goldschmidt (1979–81)

Secretary of Energy

James R. Schlesinger
James R. Schlesinger
(1977–79) Charles W. Duncan Jr. (1979–81)

Secretary of Education

Shirley M. Hufstedler (1979–81)

Cabinet-level

Vice President

Walter F. Mondale (1977–81)

White House Chief of Staff

None (1977–79) Hamilton Jordan
Hamilton Jordan
(1979–80) Jack H. Watson (1980–81)

Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency

Douglas M. Costle
Douglas M. Costle
(1977–81)

Trade Representative

Robert S. Strauss
Robert S. Strauss
(1977–79) Reubin O'D. Askew (1979–81)

Ambassador to the United Nations

Andrew J. Young (1977–79) Donald F. McHenry (1979–81)

Director of the Office of Management and Budget

Thomas "Bert" Lance (1977) James T. McIntyre
James T. McIntyre
(1978–81)

Director of Central Intelligence

Stansfield M. Turner (1977–81)

Advisor to the President on National Security Affairs

Zbigniew Brzezinski
Zbigniew Brzezinski
(1977–81)

Chairperson of the Council of Economic Advisers

Charles L. Schultze (1977–81)

v t e

United States
United States
Ambassadors to Japan

Resident Minister

Harris Pruyn Depew * Van Valkenburgh DeLong

Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary

DeLong Bingham Hubbard Swift Coombs Dun Buck Griscom

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary

Wright O'Brien Bryan Anderson Guthrie Moris Warren Woods Bancroft MacVeagh Castle Forbes Grew Murphy Allison MacArthur Reischauer Johnson Meyer Ingersoll Hodgson Mansfield Armacost Mondale Foley Baker Schieffer Roos Kennedy Hagerty

(*) declined the appointment

v t e

Minnesota's delegation(s) to the 88th–94th United States
United States
Congresses (ordered by seniority)

88th Senate: E. McCarthy W. Mondale House: J. Blatnik A. Quie A. Nelson J. Karth O. Langen C. MacGregor D.M. Fraser A.G. Olson

89th Senate: E. McCarthy W. Mondale House: J. Blatnik A. Quie A. Nelson J. Karth O. Langen C. MacGregor D.M. Fraser A.G. Olson

90th Senate: E. McCarthy W. Mondale House: J. Blatnik A. Quie A. Nelson J. Karth O. Langen C. MacGregor D.M. Fraser J.M. Zwach

91st Senate: E. McCarthy W. Mondale House: J. Blatnik A. Quie A. Nelson J. Karth O. Langen C. MacGregor D.M. Fraser J.M. Zwach

92nd Senate: W. Mondale H. Humphrey House: J. Blatnik A. Quie A. Nelson J. Karth D.M. Fraser J.M. Zwach B. Frenzel R. Bergland

93rd Senate: W. Mondale H. Humphrey House: J. Blatnik A. Quie A. Nelson J. Karth D.M. Fraser J.M. Zwach B. Frenzel R. Bergland

94th Senate: W. Mondale H. Humphrey House: A. Quie J. Karth D.M. Fraser B. Frenzel R. Bergland T. Hagedorn R. Nolan J. Oberstar

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 112207634 LCCN: n79077424 ISNI: 0000 0000 8179 2230 GND: 119103095 SUDOC: 033774137 BNF: cb12460302w (data) NLA: 35358507 NDL: 00621144 US Congress: M000851 SN

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