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WALTER KUTSCHMANN (24 July 1914 – 30 August 1986) was a German SS -_ Untersturmführer _ and Gestapo
Gestapo
officer, a member of an _ Einsatzkommando _, based first in Lwów , Poland
Poland
(today Lviv
Lviv
, Ukraine
Ukraine
), and later in Drohobycz
Drohobycz
. He was culpable for the massacre of 1,500 Polish Jews
Polish Jews
in Lwów, Poland
Poland
in the years 1941–42.

LIFE

Walter Kutschmann
Walter Kutschmann
was born in Dresden
Dresden
in 1914, the son of a dentist. In 1928, he joined the Hitler Youth . In 1932, he enlisted in the Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
, in which he served until 1936. He began to study law , but left this career path to join the Condor Legion , loyal to the forces of Francisco Franco
Francisco Franco
in Spain, participating in the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
. There he was later the third secretary of the German Consulate
Consulate
in Cádiz . Kutschmann was a relative latecomer to the Nazi Party (membership number 7,475,729) and the SS (membership number 404,651).

At the start of the Second World War
Second World War
, he moved to Leipzig
Leipzig
, where he joined the SiPo (Security Police) forces commanded by Karl Eberhard Schöngarth . He was promoted to SS-_ Untersturmführer _ and was the commanding officer of an _Einsatzgruppe _ that operated in Drohobycz
Drohobycz
, Poland
Poland
. Under his leadership, Kutschmann participated in the massacre of Lwów professors in 1941. In 1942, he ordered the murder of 1,500 Polish intellectuals in the Lwów region, in Brzeziny and Podhajce in what is now part of Ukraine. Witnesses said that the Ukrainians who were ordered to dig the graves for the killings were themselves later slain on Kutschmann's orders. Witnesses also claim that Kutschmann shot a 17 or 18-year-old Jewish housemaid in Drohobycz
Drohobycz
in 1941, after he accused her of having transmitted a venereal disease to him. In 1944, on the orders of intelligence officer Hans Günther von Dincklage, he was transferred to Paris, where he was briefly associated with Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
during Operation Modellhut. While in France at the end of 1944, Kutschmann defected to seek refuge in Vigo , Spain
Spain
under the guise of a Carmelite monk named Pedro Ricardo Olmo Andrés, residing in Vigo.

POST-WAR

When the French government began to investigate Nazi fugitives in 1947, he sought protection in the ODESSA
ODESSA
network and traveled by sea on the motorboat _Monte Amboto_, under the guise of a Catholic monk , arriving in Argentina
Argentina
on 16 January 1948. He was assimilated as part of the management of Osram
Osram
, a lighting manufacturer, where he served as purchasing manager. There in August 1973, he married Geralda Baeumler, a citizen of German origin, a businesswoman and a veterinarian . They settled in the resort town of Miramar, Buenos Aires Province .

Kutschmann lived there until January 1975, when he was found and exposed by journalist Alfredo Serra. Renowned Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal in Vienna
Vienna
arranged the extradition of Kutschmann. In 1975, after checking Kutschmann's citizenship and marriage, which proved false, Interpol
Interpol
requested his arrest. The Argentine government attempted to arrest him, but he escaped, thus losing his trail. In 1975, his Argentine citizenship was revoked. A second extradition request was made in 1985, and he was again arrested by Interpol
Interpol
agents in the town of Vicente López . Given his precarious health, he was kept in a hospital prison in Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires
, where he died of a heart attack before he could be extradited. His supposed wife was reported to the authorities for animal abuse , specifically for euthanizing homeless dogs in gas chambers.

Had he been extradited, Walter Kutschmann
Walter Kutschmann
would have been the first Nazi fugitive handed over by Argentina.

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Así encontró GENTE a Kutschmann, uno de los criminales nazis más buscados del mundo" . _Gente magazine_ (in Spanish) (2417). * ^ Wacław Szulc Wyniki śledztwa w sprawie mordu profesorów lwowskich, prowadzonego przez Główną Komisję Badania Zbrodni Hitlerowskich w : Zygmunt Albert Kaźń profesorów lwowskich – lipiec 1941 / studia oraz relacje i dokumenty zebrane i oprac. przez Zygmunta Alberta Wrocław 1989, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego, ISBN 83-229-0351-0 s. 177-185.(in Polish) (main article in English, German and Russian) * ^ Detienen a criminal nazi en Miramar (in Spanish) * ^ _A_ _B_ Blumenthal, Ralph (16 November 1985). "ARGENTINA REPORTS ARRESTING EX-NAZI FOR EXTRADITION". _ The New York Times
The New York Times
_. Retrieved 14 October 2014. * ^ La puerta de huida nazi (in Spanish) * ^ Viuda de Olmos (in Spanish)

* v * t * e

Post-war flight of Axis fugitives

FUGITIVES

GERMAN / AUSTRIAN

* Ludolf von Alvensleben * Klaus Barbie * Hermine Braunsteiner * Alois Brunner
Alois Brunner
* Adolf Eichmann * Aribert Heim * Walter Kutschmann * Johann von Leers
Johann von Leers
* Josef Mengele * Hermann Michel * Erich Priebke * Walter Rauff * Eduard Roschmann * Walter Schreiber * Horst Schumann * Josef Schwammberger * Franz Stangl * Gustav Wagner

CROATIAN

* Milivoj Ašner * Andrija Artuković * Anton Geiser * Ante Pavelić * Dinko Šakić * Vjekoslav Vrančić

BELGIAN

* Pierre Daye * Léon Degrelle * René Lagrou

UKRAINIAN

* John Demjanjuk
John Demjanjuk
* Feodor Fedorenko * Mykola Lebed

DANISH

* Søren Kam * Carl Værnet

ESTONIAN

* Aleksander Laak * Karl Linnas

LATVIAN

* Viktors Arājs * Herberts Cukurs
Herberts Cukurs

OTHER NATIONALITIES

* Tscherim Soobzokov (Circassian)

ASSISTANCE

ORGANIZATIONS

* Ratlines

STATE INVOLVEMENT

* Colonia Dignidad (Chile) * Franco (Spain) * Perón (Argentina) * Videla (Argentina) * Operation Paperclip (USA) * Robert Leiber
Robert Leiber
(Holy See) * Banzer (Bolivia) * Stroessner (Paraguay)

OTHER PERSONS

* Rodolfo Freude * Alois Hudal * Charles Lescat * Hans-Ulrich Rudel * Otto Skorzeny

HUNTERS

* Serge and Beate Klarsfeld * Eli Rosenbaum * Simon Wiesenthal * Efraim Zuroff

DISPUTED / DUBIOUS

* Krunoslav Draganović * ODESSA
ODESSA
* Stille Hilfe

SEE ALSO

* List of Most Wanted Nazi War Criminals

* v * t * e

_ Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
_ and _Einsatzkommandos _

PEOPLE

DIRECTOR

* Reinhard Heydrich * Ernst Kaltenbrunner

Commanders of _Einsatzgruppen_

* Humbert Achamer-Pifrader * Walther Bierkamp * Horst Böhme * Erich Ehrlinger * Wilhelm Fuchs * Heinz Jost * Erich Naumann * Arthur Nebe * Otto Ohlendorf * Friedrich Panzinger * Otto Rasch
Otto Rasch
* Heinrich Seetzen * Franz Walter Stahlecker * Bruno Streckenbach

Commanders of _Einsatzkommandos_, _Sonderkommandos_

* Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski * Rudolf Batz * Ernst Biberstein * Wolfgang Birkner * Helmut Bischoff * Paul Blobel
Paul Blobel
* Walter Blume * Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock * Otto Bradfisch * Werner Braune * Friedrich Buchardt * Fritz Dietrich * Karl Jäger * Friedrich Jeckeln * Waldemar Klingelhöfer * Wolfgang Kügler * Walter Kutschmann * Rudolf Lange * Gustav Adolf Nosske * Hans-Adolf Prützmann * Walter Rauff * Martin Sandberger * Hermann Schaper
Hermann Schaper
* Karl Eberhard Schöngarth * Erwin Schulz * Franz Six
Franz Six
* Eugen Steimle * Eduard Strauch * Martin Weiss * Udo von Woyrsch

OTHER MEMBERS

* August Becker * Lothar Fendler
Lothar Fendler
* Joachim Hamann * Emil Haussmann * Felix Landau * Albert Widmann
Albert Widmann

COLLABORATORS

* Viktors Arājs * Herberts Cukurs
Herberts Cukurs
* Antanas Impulevičius * Konrāds Kalējs * Algirdas Klimaitis

GROUPS

GERMAN

* SS * RSHA * SD * Orpo * 8th SS Cavalry Division Florian Geyer * _ Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz _ * Sonderdienst

NON-GERMAN

* _ Schutzmannschaft
Schutzmannschaft
_ (Belarusian , Estonian , Latvian , Lithuanian , Ukrainian ) * Arajs _Kommando_ * Lithuanian Security Police * _Rollkommando_ Hamann * TDA * _ Ypatingasis būrys _

CRIMES

BELARUS

* Łachwa Ghetto * Minsk Ghetto
Minsk Ghetto
* Slutsk Affair

ESTONIA

* Kalevi-Liiva

LATVIA

* Burning of the Riga synagogues * Dünamünde Action * Jelgava * Pogulianski * Rumbula * Liepāja (Šķēde)

LITHUANIA

* Ninth Fort * Kaunas June 1941 * Kaunas 29 October 1941 * Ninth Fort November 1941 * Ponary

POLAND

* Operation Tannenberg * _ Intelligenzaktion _ * _AB-Aktion_ * Operation Reinhard

RUSSIA

* Gully of Petrushino * Zmievskaya Balka * Lokot Autonomy

UKRAINE

* Babi Yar * Drobytsky Yar * Droho