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Waldo Miller Salt[1] (October 18, 1914 – March 7, 1987) was an American screenwriter, winner of Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for both Midnight Cowboy and Coming Home.

Contents

1 Early life and career 2 Personal life and death 3 Documentary 4 The Waldo Salt Screenwriting Award 5 Filmography 6 Awards and nominations 7 References 8 External links

Early life and career[edit] Salt was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Winifred (née Porter) and William Haslem Salt, an artist and business executive.[2] He graduated from Stanford University
Stanford University
in 1934.[3] The first of the nineteen films he wrote or participated in writing, was released in 1937 with the title The Bride Wore Red. He joined the American Communist Party in 1938, and was a civilian consultant to the U.S. Office of War Information during World War II.[citation needed] Salt's career in Hollywood
Hollywood
was interrupted when he was blacklisted after refusing to testify before the House Committee on Un-American Activities in 1951. Like many other blacklisted writers, while he was unable to work in Hollywood
Hollywood
Salt wrote pseudonymously for the British television series The Adventures of Robin Hood.[4] After the collapse of the blacklist, Salt won Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium for his work on Midnight Cowboy and Coming Home, and a nomination for Serpico. Personal life and death[edit] Salt was married three times, first to actress Mary Davenport with whom he had two children, actress/writer/producer Jennifer, and Deborah. After his divorce from Davenport, he married Gladys Schwartz and later playwright Eve Merriam. He remained married to Merriam until his death in Los Angeles, aged 72, on March 7, 1987. Documentary[edit] Waldo Salt was the subject of a 1990 documentary Waldo Salt: A Screenwriter's Journey, which featured interviews with Dustin Hoffman, Robert Redford, Jon Voight, John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
and other collaborators and friends. The Waldo Salt Screenwriting Award[edit] The Waldo Salt Screenwriting Award, first presented in 1992, is awarded at the Sundance Film Festival
Sundance Film Festival
annually. It is determined by the dramatic jury, and recognizes outstanding screenwriting in a film screened at the festival that year.[5] See List of Sundance Film Festival award winners for a list of winners. Filmography[edit]

Films

Year Title Notes

1937 The Bride Wore Red Adaptation, uncredited

1938 The Shopworn Angel Screenplay

1939 The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Dialogue, uncredited

1940 The Philadelphia Story Uncredited

1941 The Wild Man of Borneo Screenplay

1943 Tonight We Raid Calais

1944 Mr. Winkle Goes to War Alternative title: Arms and the Woman

1948 Rachel and the Stranger Screenplay

1950 The Flame and the Arrow

1951 M Additional dialogue

1961 Blast of Silence Narration written by, credited as Mel Davenport

1962 Taras Bulba

1964 Flight from Ashiya Alternative title: Ashiya kara no hiko

Wild and Wonderful

1969 Midnight Cowboy Screenplay

1971 The Gang That Couldn't Shoot Straight Alternative title: The Gang That Couldn't Shoot

1973 Serpico Screenplay

1975 The Day of the Locust Screenplay

1978 Coming Home

Television

Year Title Notes

1955 Star Stage 1 episode

1956 Colonel March of Scotland Yard 2 episodes

1958 Swiss Family Robinson Television movie, credited as Mel Davenport

Ivanhoe 4 episodes

1961 Tallahassee 7000 1 episode

1964 Espionage 1 episode

1965 The Nurses 1 episode

1967 Coronet Blue 1 episode

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Award Result Category Film or series

1949 Writers Guild of America Award Nominated Best Written American Western Rachel and the Stranger

1970 Won Best Drama Adapted from Another Medium Midnight Cowboy

1974 Best Drama Adapted from Another Medium Serpico
Serpico
(Shared with Norman Wexler)

1979 Best Drama Written Directly for the Screen Coming Home (Shared with Robert C. Jones)

1986 Laurel Award for Screenwriting Achievement

-

1970 Academy Award Won Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium Midnight Cowboy

1974 Nominated Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium Serpico
Serpico
(Shared with Norman Wexler)

1979 Won Best Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen Coming Home (Shared with Nancy Dowd and Robert C. Jones)

1970 BAFTA Award Won Best Screenplay Midnight Cowboy

1974 Edgar Allan Poe Awards Nominated Serpico
Serpico
(Shared with Norman Wexler)

1970 Golden Globe Award Nominated Best Screenplay Midnight Cowboy

1979 Best Screenplay - Motion Picture Coming Home (Shared with Robert C. Jones)

References[edit]

^ "Waldo Salt". New York. New York Magazine Co. 4. 1971.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Film Reference biography ^ " Waldo Salt - Biography - Movies & TV - NYTimes.com". www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2015-09-26.  ^ Matthews, Tom Dewe (2006-10-07). "The outlaws" (free registration required). The Guardian. Retrieved 2006-10-11.  ^ http://festival.sundance.org/2009/film_events/films/waldo_salt_screenwriting_award

External links[edit]

Waldo Salt on IMDb Waldo Salt from the American Masters
American Masters
website Waldo Salt Papers, an inventory of papers kept in the UCLA Library Works by Waldo Salt at Open Library
Open Library

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay

1940–1960

Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges
(1940) Herman J. Mankiewicz
Herman J. Mankiewicz
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1941) Michael Kanin
Michael Kanin
and Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1942) Norman Krasna (1943) Lamar Trotti (1944) Richard Schweizer (1945) Muriel Box and Sydney Box (1946) Sidney Sheldon (1947) No award (1948) Robert Pirosh (1949) Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1951) T. E. B. Clarke (1952) Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen and Walter Reisch (1953) Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
(1954) Sonya Levien and William Ludwig (1955) Albert Lamorisse
Albert Lamorisse
(1956) George Wells (1957) Nathan E. Douglas and Harold Jacob Smith (1958) Clarence Greene, Maurice Richlin, Russell Rouse and Stanley Shapiro (1959) I. A. L. Diamond and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960)

1961–1980

William Inge
William Inge
(1961) Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi, and Alfredo Giannetti (1962) James Webb (1963) Peter Stone and Frank Tarloff (1964) Frederic Raphael (1965) Claude Lelouch
Claude Lelouch
and Pierre Uytterhoeven (1966) William Rose (1967) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1968) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) David S. Ward
David S. Ward
(1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Robert C. Jones, Waldo Salt, and Nancy Dowd (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980)

1981–2000

Colin Welland (1981) John Briley (1982) Horton Foote (1983) Robert Benton (1984) William Kelley, Pamela Wallace and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow (1988) Tom Schulman (1989) Bruce Joel Rubin (1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Christopher McQuarrie
Christopher McQuarrie
(1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
and Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Pierre Bismuth, Michel Gondry
Michel Gondry
and Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Adapted Screenplay

1928–1950

Benjamin Glazer (1928) Hanns Kräly (1929) Frances Marion
Frances Marion
(1930) Howard Estabrook
Howard Estabrook
(1931) Edwin J. Burke (1932) Victor Heerman
Victor Heerman
and Sarah Y. Mason
Sarah Y. Mason
(1933) Robert Riskin
Robert Riskin
(1934) Dudley Nichols (1935) Pierre Collings
Pierre Collings
and Sheridan Gibney (1936) Heinz Herald, Geza Herczeg, and Norman Reilly Raine
Norman Reilly Raine
(1937) Ian Dalrymple, Cecil Arthur Lewis, W. P. Lipscomb, and George Bernard Shaw (1938) Sidney Howard
Sidney Howard
(1939) Donald Ogden Stewart
Donald Ogden Stewart
(1940) Sidney Buchman and Seton I. Miller (1941) George Froeschel, James Hilton, Claudine West, and Arthur Wimperis (1942) Philip G. Epstein, Julius J. Epstein, and Howard E. Koch (1943) Frank Butler, and Frank Cavett (1944) Charles Brackett and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Robert Sherwood (1946) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

Harry Brown and Michael Wilson (1951) Charles Schnee (1952) Daniel Taradash (1953) George Seaton
George Seaton
(1954) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1955) John Farrow, S. J. Perelman, and James Poe (1956) Carl Foreman
Carl Foreman
and Michael Wilson (1957) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1958) Neil Paterson (1959) Richard Brooks
Richard Brooks
(1960) Abby Mann (1961) Horton Foote (1962) John Osborne
John Osborne
(1963) Edward Anhalt (1964) Robert Bolt (1965) Robert Bolt (1966) Stirling Silliphant (1967) James Goldman (1968) Waldo Salt (1969) Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975)

1976–2000

William Goldman
William Goldman
(1976) Alvin Sargent (1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
and Donald E. Stewart (1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Peter Shaffer (1984) Kurt Luedtke (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
and Mark Peploe (1987) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1988) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Bill Condon (1998) John Irving
John Irving
(1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000)

2001–present

Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) Ronald Harwood (2002) Philippa Boyens, Peter Jackson, and Fran Walsh (2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan
William Monahan
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Geoffrey S. Fletcher
Geoffrey S. Fletcher
(2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon
Nat Faxon
(2011) Chris Terrio (2012) John Ridley
John Ridley
(2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best Screenplay

Calder Willingham and Buck Henry
Buck Henry
(1968) Waldo Salt (1969) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1970) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1971) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
/ Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Peter Bogdanovich
Peter Bogdanovich
(1972) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
and Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
(1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Robert Getchell (1975) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Alvin Sargent (1978) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1979) Jerzy Kosiński
Jerzy Kosiński
(1980) Bill Forsyth
Bill Forsyth
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
and Donald E. Stewart (1982)

v t e

Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay

Original Drama (1969–1983, retired)

William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Penelope Gilliatt (1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) Steve Shagan (1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Arthur Laurents
Arthur Laurents
(1977) Nancy Dowd, Robert C. Jones and Waldo Salt (1978) Mike Gray, T. S. Cook and James Bridges (1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
and Trevor Griffiths (1981) Melissa Mathison
Melissa Mathison
(1982) Horton Foote (1983)

Original Comedy (1969–1983, retired)

Paul Mazursky
Paul Mazursky
and Larry Tucker (1969) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Peter Bogdanovich, Buck Henry, David Newman and Robert Benton (1972) Melvin Frank and Jack Rose (1973) Mel Brooks, Norman Steinberg, Andrew Bergman, Richard Pryor
Richard Pryor
and Alan Uger (1974) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1975) Bill Lancaster
Bill Lancaster
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
and Sheldon Keller (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Nancy Meyers, Harvey Miller and Charles Shyer
Charles Shyer
(1980) Steve Gordon (1981) Don McGuire, Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
and Murray Schisgal (1982) Lawrence Kasdan
Lawrence Kasdan
and Barbara Benedek (1983)

Original Screenplay (1984–present)

Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1984) William Kelley and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ron Shelton (1988) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1989) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(1994) Randall Wallace (1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
and Mark Andrus (1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2000) Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Michael Moore
Michael Moore
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Wes Anderson
Wes Anderson
and Hugo Guinness (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
and Tarell Alvin McCraney
Tarell Alvin McCraney
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

v t e

Writers Guild of America Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

Adapted Drama (1969–1983, retired)

Waldo Salt (1969) Robert Anderson (1970) Ernest Tidyman (1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1972) Waldo Salt and Norman Wexler (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Mario Puzo
Mario Puzo
(1974) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
and Lawrence Hauben (1975) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1976) Denne Bart Petitclerc
Denne Bart Petitclerc
(1977) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Alvin Sargent (1980) Ernest Thompson
Ernest Thompson
(1981) Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
and Donald E. Stewart (1982) Julius J. Epstein (1983)

Adapted Comedy (1969–1983, retired)

Arnold Schulman (1969) Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1970) John Paxton (1971) Jay Presson Allen
Jay Presson Allen
(1972) Alvin Sargent (1973) Lionel Chetwynd and Mordecai Richler
Mordecai Richler
(1974) Neil Simon
Neil Simon
(1975) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
and Frank Waldman (1976) Larry Gelbart
Larry Gelbart
(1977) Elaine May
Elaine May
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
/ Bernard Slade (1978) Jerzy Kosiński
Jerzy Kosiński
(1979) Jim Abrahams, David Zucker, and Jerry Zucker
Jerry Zucker
(1980) Gerard Ayres (1981) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983)

Adapted Screenplay (1984–present)

Bruce Robinson
Bruce Robinson
(1984) Richard Condon and Janet Roach (1985) Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala
(1986) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(1987) Christopher Hampton
Christopher Hampton
(1988) Alfred Uhry
Alfred Uhry
(1989) Michael Blake (1990) Ted Tally (1991) Michael Tolkin
Michael Tolkin
(1992) Steven Zaillian (1993) Eric Roth (1994) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1995) Billy Bob Thornton
Billy Bob Thornton
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
and Brian Helgeland (1997) Scott Frank (1998) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (1999) Stephen Gaghan
Stephen Gaghan
(2000) Akiva Goldsman
Akiva Goldsman
(2001) David Hare (2002) Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
Shari Springer Berman and Robert Pulcini
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
and Jim Taylor (2004) Larry McMurtry
Larry McMurtry
and Diana Ossana (2005) William Monahan
William Monahan
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Simon Beaufoy (2008) Jason Reitman
Jason Reitman
and Sheldon Turner (2009) Aaron Sorkin
Aaron Sorkin
(2010) Alexander Payne, Jim Rash, and Nat Faxon
Nat Faxon
(2011) Chris Terrio (2012) Billy Ray (2013) Graham Moore (2014) Adam McKay
Adam McKay
and Charles Randolph (2015) Eric Heisserer (2016) James Ivory
James Ivory
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 27267911 LCCN: no92009189 ISNI: 0000 0001 0882 3608 GND: 127014896 SUDOC: 067205380 BNF: cb140433123 (data) BNE: XX1050514 SN

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