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Wadowice
Wadowice
[vadɔˈvʲit͡sɛ] (German: Frauenstadt – Wadowitz) is a city in southern Poland, 50 kilometres (31 miles) southwest of Kraków with 19,200 inhabitants (2006), situated on the Skawa
Skawa
river, confluence of Vistula, in the eastern part of Silesian Foothills (Pogórze Śląskie). Wadowice
Wadowice
is best known for being the birthplace of Pope John Paul II.

Contents

1 History 2 Economy 3 Culture and sightseeing 4 Religions 5 Twin towns – sister cities 6 Notable people 7 External links 8 References

8.1 Sports

History[edit] The first permanent settlement in the area of today's Wadowice
Wadowice
was founded in the late 10th century or early 11th century. According to a local legend, the town was founded by a certain Wad or Wład, a short form for the Slavic name of Ladislaus (Polish: 'Władysław'). The town was first mentioned as Wadowicze in St. Peter penny register in the years 1325–1327. In 1327 it is also mentioned (under the same name) in a fief registry sent from prince John I Scholastyk of Oświęcim
Oświęcim
to Bohemian king John I, Count of Luxemburg. At this time it was a trading settlement belonging to the Dukes of Silesia
Dukes of Silesia
of the Piast Dynasty, and according to some historians it was already a municipality. In 1430 a great fire destroyed the town. It was soon rebuilt and granted city rights, along with a city charter and a self-government, based on the then-popular Kulm law. The privileges, granted by Prince Kazimierz I of Oświęcim
Oświęcim
led to a period of fast reconstruction and growth. The administrative division of the region in the times of regional division was complicated. Initially, between 1313/1317 and 1445, Wadowice
Wadowice
belonged to the Silesian Duchy of Oświęcim
Oświęcim
and after 1445 to the Duchy of Zator. In 1482 Władysław I of Zator
Zator
inherited only half of his father's lands and created a separate Duchy of Wadowice, which lasted until his death in 1493. The following year his brother and successor, Jan V of Zator
Zator
abdicated. At the same time the land was subject to Bohemian overlordship, which lasted until the following year, when the Duchy was bought by the Kings of Poland
Poland
and incorporated as a Silesian County. Finally, the County was incorporated into the Kraków
Kraków
Voivodeship in 1564. In the 16th–17th centuries Wadowice
Wadowice
was a regional centre of crafts and trade. Among the most notable sons of the town was Marcin Wadowita, a theologian, philosopher and a deacon of the Kraków Academy. He was also the founder of a hospital and a basic school in Wadowice. However, several plagues and fires halted the prosperity and the town's growth was eventually halted as well.

Holy Father John Paul II Family Home

County Court

In the effect of the 1st Partition of Poland, Wadowice
Wadowice
was annexed by Austria, incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Galicia, under direct Austrian rule, and renamed Frauenstadt. The town's growth started soon afterwards, after a road linking Vienna
Vienna
with Lwów
Lwów
was built. The town became a seat of a communal administration and since 1867 – a county site. Small industries were developing slowly during the 19th century. New inhabitants settled in the area, attracted by the industry, new military barracks and various administrative institutions. In addition, a new hospital and a regional court were erected in the town centre. Finally, in the last 25 years of the 19th century partial liberalisation of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy led to creation of various Polish cultural and scientific societies. After World War I
World War I
and the dissolution of the monarchy, Wadowice
Wadowice
became part of the newly-reborn Poland. The seat of a powiat remained in the town and in 1919 the inhabitants of the area formed the 12th Infantry Regiment that took part in the Polish-Bolshevik War
Polish-Bolshevik War
of 1919–1920. In 1920 Karol Wojtyła was born in Wadowice
Wadowice
(later known as the bishop of Kraków
Kraków
and Pope Saint John Paul II).

Basilica in Wadowice

Town hall

After the Polish Defensive War of 1939, Germany
Germany
occupied the area and on 26 October Wadowice
Wadowice
was annexed by Nazi Germany. On 29 December of the same year the town was renamed to Wadowitz. Initially the Polish intelligentsia was targeted by harsh German racial and cultural policies and hundreds of people from the area, most notably priests, teachers and artists, were murdered in mass executions. Hundreds more were expelled and resettled to the General Government
General Government
in order to make place for German settlers. Between 1941 and 1943 a ghetto was established in the city. Almost the entire local Jewish population (more than 2,000) was exterminated, mostly in the nearby Auschwitz concentration camp. In addition, the Germans set up a POW camp for Allied soldiers and a penal camp that served as a transfer camp for various German concentration camps. Despite German terror, the Home Army units were active in the area, most notably in the town itself and in the Beskid mountains to the south of it. After the war, in 1945 Wadowice
Wadowice
retained its powiat town status and until 1975 served as a notable centre of commerce and transport in the Kraków
Kraków
Voivodeship. After that the town was transferred to the newly created Bielsko-Biała Voivodeship. After the peaceful transformation of the political and economical system in Poland
Poland
(in 1989), most of the local industry was found inefficient and went bankrupt. However, the ecological and historical heritage of the area as well as its status as the birthplace of Pope Saint John Paul II
Pope Saint John Paul II
led to fast growth of tourism. Currently more than 200,000 people visit Wadowice
Wadowice
every year and this number is rising. Economy[edit] Wadowice
Wadowice
is today mainly a centre for tourism and sightseeing, but also a place for small industries such as the production of machines and construction materials. There is also the headquarters of the biggest juice-maker of Poland, Maspex, and the shoe producer Badura. Culture and sightseeing[edit]

Days of Wadowice
Wadowice
(Dni Wadowic) are held every May–June. The feast starts every 18 May to commemorate the birth of Karol Wojtyła. Museum of the Holy Father Family Home in the family home of Pope John Paul II collects objects that belonged to Karol Wojtyła and his family. Parochial church – the Virgin Mary's Offertory minor basilica–15th century, rebuilt in the 18th century. Kościelna 4 street, an 18th-century house. Neo-Classical "Mikołaj" manor – 19th century, named after the mayor Mikołaj Komorowski. Municipal Museum of Marcin Wadowita. Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
square with 19th-century burgher houses. Monument to Emil Zegadłowicz, a writer who described the area of Wadowice
Wadowice
in many of his books.

Religions[edit]

Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholicism
(Basilica) Jehovah's Witnesses
Jehovah's Witnesses
(Kingdom Hall)

Twin towns – sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Poland Wadowice
Wadowice
is twinned with:

San Giovanni Rotondo
San Giovanni Rotondo
in Italy
Italy
(since 2006) Pietrelcina
Pietrelcina
in Italy
Italy
(since 2006) Carpineto Romano
Carpineto Romano
in Italy Sona in Italy Canale d'Agordo
Canale d'Agordo
in Italy
Italy
(since 2010) Marktl
Marktl
in Germany

Notable people[edit]

Karol Wojtyła (1920–2005), Polish priest and bishop of Kraków, October 16, 1978–April 2, 2005 as Pope John Paul II, Saint John Paul II, 2014 Marcin Wadowita
Marcin Wadowita
Martinus Vadovius Campinus (born 1567), Polish theologian, philosopher and deacon of the Kraków
Kraków
Academy Godwin Brumowski
Godwin Brumowski
(1889–1936), highest scoring Austro-Hungarian World War I fighter ace Saint Raphael Kalinowski
Raphael Kalinowski
(b. 1835, Vilna; d. 1906, Wadowice), founder of Wadowice
Wadowice
college, seminary, church, monastery, and convent Ada Sari (29 June 1886 – 12 July 1968) was a famous Polish opera singer, actress.

External links[edit]

(in Polish) Wadowice
Wadowice
Town Council (in Polish) http://www.wadowicecity.pl/

References[edit]

Tourist Information Wadowice
Wadowice
Cultural Center, museum Family Home of the Holy Father John Paul II Museum in Wadowice Information about Wadowice Jewish Community in Wadowice
Wadowice
on Virtual Shtetl

Notes

Sports[edit]

– Klub Sportowy Skawa
Skawa
Wadowice, football, basketball and volleyball club – football, basketball, volleyball and swimming

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wadowice.

Coordinates: 49°53′N 19°29′E / 49.883°N 19.483°E / 49.883; 19.483

v t e

Wadowice
Wadowice
County

Seat: Wadowice

Urban-rural gminas

Gmina
Gmina
Andrychów Gmina
Gmina
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska Gmina
Gmina
Wadowice

Rural gminas

Gmina
Gmina
Brzeźnica Gmina
Gmina
Lanckorona Gmina
Gmina
Mucharz Gmina
Gmina
Spytkowice Gmina
Gmina
Stryszów Gmina
Gmina
Tomice Gmina
Gmina
Wieprz

v t e

Gmina
Gmina
Wadowice

Town and seat

Wadowice

Villages

Babica Barwałd Dolny Chocznia Gorzeń Dolny Gorzeń Górny Jaroszowice Kaczyna Klecza Dolna Klecza Górna Ponikiew Ponikiew-Chobot Roków Stanisław Górny Wysoka Zawadka

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 150173

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