Waded Cruzado, (born in 1960) is a Puerto Rican professor of Spanish
language and Spanish literature. She served as Interim President of
New Mexico State University
New Mexico State University from 2008 to 2009, and since 2010 has
served as the 12th President of
Montana State University
Montana State University in Bozeman,
1 Early life
2 Academic career
3 Presidency of Montana State University
3.1 Governance style
3.2 Leadership changes
3.3 Goals and strategic planning
3.4 Legislative relationships
3.5 Budget issues
3.6 Capital campaigns and institutional advancement
3.7 Faculty hiring and pay
3.10 Community engagement
3.11 Student life
4 Other roles
6 Published works
7 Personal life
Waded Cruzado was born in 1960 in Mayaguez, Puerto Rico, to parents
Morgan and Daisy. Her father gave her the unusual name of
"Waded", an Arabic word meaning "peace". The oldest of four
children, she had a brother and two sisters. She was raised in
Mayaguez by her stepfather, Roberto, and her mother. The
household also included two aunts and her maternal grandmother,
Julia. Her grandparents were farmers, but her stepfather worked
for a coffee company as a trader selling ground and packaged coffee
and her mother was a homemaker.
She was taught to read at the age of three by her maternal
grandmother. She would assist with getting the family's meal of
rice and beans ready, and then spend the morning at a table with a
primer. As a little girl, she often pretended to be a teacher to
her dolls and stuffed animals, using a small blackboard and desk. She
points to this early play-time as the root of her desire to be an
When she turned five years old, Cruzado began helping her grandfather
on his coffee farm, spreading beans out to dry. She also began
assisting her stepfather in the coffee mill where he was a manager,
stacking bags of pre-ground coffee. She often played in the mill,
her clothes smelling of coffee afterward.
When she was 10 years old, Cruzado's parents enrolled her in an
all-girl parochial school in Mayaguez. After school, she returned
home in her school uniform and played in the coffee mill (her clothes
still smelling of fresh coffee at school the next day). She found
school boring compared to her grandmother's lessons, and frequently
got into trouble. As punishment, she was forced to read novels
aloud to a blind nun. The experience taught her a love of
literature which influenced her choice of major in college. Her
parents wanted her to go to college, and her teachers expected
everyone in the school to attend a university.
Cruzado was the first person in her family to attend college. She
enrolled at the University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez, the only
land-grant university in Puerto Rico. Studying there had long been
her dream. She graduated in 1982 magna cum laude with a bachelor's
degree in comparative literature.
She immediately enrolled at the University of Texas at Arlington. She
was the first person in her family to leave Puerto Rico and move to
the mainland United States. She earned her master's degree in
Spanish language and literature in 1984. She worked as a graduate
teaching assistant in the school's Department of Foreign Languages and
Linguistics from 1983 to 1986, and was appointed an Instructor there
(working during the fall semester of 1986).
Cruzado next entered the doctoral program in the humanities from the
University of Texas at Arlington. She received her Ph.D. in the
humanities in 1990. While earning her doctorate, Cruzado was
appointed an Instructor in
Spanish language at the Pontifical Catholic
University of Puerto Rico in 1989. She left the Pontifical University
Cruzado was appointed an assistant professor in the Department of
Humanities at the
University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez
University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez (UPRM) in
1990. She was promoted to associate professor in 1994, and full
professor in 1999.
In 1993, just prior to her promotion to associate professor, Cruzado
was named Assistant Dean for Student Affairs in the UPRM College of
Arts and Sciences. She served in that role until 1995. In 1997, she
was elected by the UPRM Faculty Senate to be the Faculty
Representative on the UPRM Administrative Board. She served a single
term (one year). Cruzado was appointed the Associate Dean for Academic
Affairs in the UPRM College of Arts and Sciences in 1998, but after
serving only a few months she was appointed Dean of the same.
Former students later lauded her as a good teacher, and one called her
"charming, witty, outgoing and eloquent."
In 2003, Cruzado left UPRM and moved to
New Mexico on the mainland
United States, where she had been appointed Dean of the College of
Arts and Sciences at
New Mexico State University
New Mexico State University (NMSU). As dean,
she focused on fund-raising, and raised enough donations to endow
three professorships. Cruzado was a candidate for the position of
Provost at the
University of Texas–Pan American
University of Texas–Pan American in 2006, but
withdrew her name from consideration after she was named one of the
On September 1, 2007, Cruzado was appointed Executive Vice President
and Provost of NMSU. One of three finalists in a nationwide
search, her provost's salary was initially $220,000 a year.
Cruzado attributed her rapid rise in university administration at UPRM
and NMSU to the skills she learned as a professor. "In the
administrative positions I've held, I still use the skills and lessons
I learned when I was teaching. These are not two different,
incompatible functions: they both stem from a desire to serve
others." As provost, Cruzado emphasized better integration of
teaching, research, and community service, and worked to provide more
access to a college education for disadvantaged and low-income
In 2008, NMSU President Michael Martin resigned to become Chancellor
of Louisiana State University. James McDonough (a retired NMSU senior
vice president for business finance and human resources) was appointed
Interim President, but he resigned after just a few months due to ill
health. The NMSU Board of Regents then appointed Cruzado the
Interim President on August 1, 2008. She was the first woman and
Hispanic president of the school.
It was unclear to the student body if Cruzado wanted the NMSU
presidency, and she declined to discuss her intentions publicly.
However, she was under consideration for the position by the NMSU
Board of Regents. The search for a permanent president for NMSU ceased
in November 2008. Two incidents caused the search process to
become so flawed it had to be shut down. In the first incident,
students held a rally to support Cruzado for president. In the
second, regent and presidential search committee member Laura Conniff
held a brunch at her home in which Cruzado was lauded as the "first
female president of NMSU". The other finalists for the
presidential position all withdrew their names from consideration,
citing favoritism towards Cruzado. Regents chairman Bob Gallagher
then asked Cruzado to step down as Interim President to quell the
controversy. She did so. A new search committee was formed, and
the presidential search process started from scratch.
Garrey Carruthers, former Governor of New Mexico, highly praised
Cruzado's work as provost at NMSU, and said she was "loved by
students, faculty, staff and the Legislature".
Presidency of Montana State University
Montana State University
Montana State University President
Geoffrey Gamble announced his
retirement on March 22, 2009. A 22-member search committee was
established, and a nationwide search for applicants made. More than 60
individuals applied for the position. Cruzado was one of three
finalists, the other two being Steven Angle, a chemist and provost at
Wright State University, and Steven Leath, a plant scientist and vice
president of research at the University of North Carolina.
Cruzado was offered the presidency of MSU on October 14, 2009. She
accepted the following day. She became the 12th President of
Montana State University, and her first day in office was January 4,
2010. Her appointment was not without some controversy. There was some
criticism by members of the public and student body about the style of
leadership she would bring to the campus, and some members of the
public felt her salary was too high.
Although Cruzado took office on January 4, 2010, her official
inauguration did not occur until September 10, 2010.
In May 2013, Cruzado's salary was reported to be $289,466 a year. With
other compensation and benefits, her total remuneration was $335,173 a
year. According to the Chronicle of Higher Education, her salary
was ranked 167th out of 212 public college presidents surveyed.
Governance chart of
Montana State University
Montana State University under President Waded
Cruzado. Not all functions or offices are shown.
Cruzado adopted a highly personal style as president which impressed
Bozeman Daily Chronicle noted that this style included
listening intently, touching a person on the elbow when conversing,
and memorizing names. Both Jim Rimpau, MSU's vice president for
planning, and Marvin Lansverk, a professor of English, call her
charismatic. Lansverk and Jeff Jacobson, dean of the MSU College
of Agriculture, have pointed out that she is very energetic.
Cruzado also communicates frequently with the MSU campus about her
views and objectives. She implemented a mass email, the "Monday
Morning Memo", which is sent to all administration, faculty, and
student email addresses at the beginning of each workweek.
Part of Cruzado's governing style is to seek out the views of others.
In her first year in office, she held meetings across the state to
solicit citizen views on the university. She also met one-on-one
with many of the state's agricultural leaders. In September 2010
Cruzado began holding monthly luncheon meetings open to any who wished
to attend, to solicit input on a variety of ideas. An example of
this aspect of her governance style is her football stadium listening
session. When she proposed spending several million dollars to expand
the MSU football arena, she held a two-hour session with students to
obtain their views and ensure it was what they wanted.
Cruzado has shown that, at times, she will disregard or overturn the
decisions of other administrators. In spring 2010, she overturned a
decision of the campus budget committee and delayed implementing new
programs so that the university would not lay off employees in the
event of legislative budget cuts. In April 2010, 60 students,
faculty, and staff protested Interim Provost Joe Fedock's proposal to
merge the department of microbiology with another department.
Cruzado overturned his decision. She agreed to a plan to fill
vacancies, hire a permanent department head, and reenergize the
department rather than merge it. The plan had three years to work, or
the department would be merged.
Cruzado also established several advisory groups to assist her in
making decisions. In order to achieve more transparency in
decision-making, Cruzado created five new advisory committees in 2010.
These include the University Council, which is an overarching
committee that touches on all things at MSU; a Budget Committee; a
Planning Committee; a Deans' Committee; and a Research Council.
With only a third of tenured faculty at MSU women and almost
two-thirds of low-paid adjunct faculty women, Cruzado announced the
creation of a 24-member President's Commission on the Status of
University Women in September 2011 to determine causes and suggest
solutions. In May 2012, she proposed creation of a seventh body,
the Council on Leadership, Outreach and Engagement. This council was
charged with promoting outreach activities by administrators, faculty,
and students, and enhancing public awareness of the same.
The effectiveness of Cruzado's governance style has been highly
lauded, but has also been questioned. On January 15, 2013,
approximately 100 MSU faculty met in an off-campus meeting that the
Bozeman Daily Chronicle called "highly unusual". The off-campus
meeting issued a press release that identified five complaints: 1)
Rapid growth of student enrollment “without a clear plan to provide
the additional faculty, staff and facilities needed to maintain the
quality of an MSU education.”; 2) Worry about maintaining MSU’s
“standing as a top-tier public research institution,” which drives
economic development and attracts out-of-state students.; 3) Faculty
concerns about a “trend towards centralization of academic
decisions.”; 4) That faculty and others are not being listened to by
senior administrators; and 5) Perceived “misalignment” between
senior administrators’ vision for MSU and that of faculty and
academic leaders in departments and colleges. Some faculty
expressed private concerns about micromanagement, failure to fill
faculty vacancies, lack of follow-through after listening sessions,
and too-rapid growth in enrollment that left faculty stressed. On
January 17, 2013, Cruzado met face-to-face with three faculty members
who facilitated the off-campus meeting, Sue Monahan, Robert Rydell,
and Linda Young. This meeting also included Faculty Senate chair John
Neumeier and chair-elect Robert Mokwa. Taking the concerns "very
seriously" Cruzado issued a public, four-page letter on January
18, 2013. Cruzado reiterated that she was working with the Board of
Regents to find funding to keep up with MSU’s student growth and to
match federal research grants, and that she strives to maintain open
communication with administrators, faculty, and students. To enhance
communication and problem-solving, Cruzado and Provost Martha Potvin
plan to attend department meetings “to work together in identifying
possible solutions." Cruzado also denounced as "preposterous"
persistent rumors that she would leave Montana State to take a
position at another university. Although the off-campus meeting
represented about one-quarter of MSU's tenure-track faculty, it did
not capture all opinions at Montana State University. Valerie Copie, a
professor of biochemistry and chemistry emphasized that dissent is not
necessarily widespread. She stated, “I support our president...Our
administration is more open than ever."
In summer 2013, Cruzado expanded the membership of the University
Council to enhance faculty representation. The chair and chair-elect
of the Faculty Senate were both made full members of the council.
Montana Hall, which houses the Office of the President.
Cruzado put her stamp on the university leadership almost immediately
in the fall of 2010. The office of Provost had been created in 1992,
and the portfolio of responsibilities added to that of the Vice
President for Academic Affairs. Provost Dave Dooley resigned in 2009
after he was appointed president of the University of Rhode Island. In
October 2010, Cruzado hired Martha Potvin, Dean of the College of Arts
and Sciences at the University of North Dakota, to be the new provost.
Picked from a pool of 73 applicants, she began her duties on January
A second major change came in October 2010 when Cathy Conover, Vice
President for Communications and Public Affairs (and MSU's chief state
legislative lobbyist), retired. Conover was named chief lobbyist in
1997 by MSU President Michael P. Malone, and her position elevated to
vice president by President
Geoffrey Gamble in 2007. She was the first
woman to permanently hold a vice presidency at the university. Conover
told Cruzado in January 2010 that she intended to retire. After
Conover left, Cruzado downgraded the position, retitling it Executive
Director of University Communications. Lobbying duties were taken
away from the position and given to Douglas L. Steele, Vice Provost
and director of the MSU Extension Service. Steele resigned the Vice
Provost position, and was promoted to a new position, Vice President
for External Relations. He retained his position as director of the
MSU Extension Service. Thomas Calcagni was hired in March 2011 as
the new Executive Director of University Communications.
On April 7, 2011, Craig Roloff, who had served as MSU's Vice President
for Finance and Administration for the past decade, abruptly left the
university. No reason was given for his sudden departure. President
Cruzado said his one-year contract was ending, his contract was not
renewed, and that a "personnel matter" was involved. Roloff was long
known for making university departments account precisely for all
dollars spent, which created tension between the finance/accounting
department and academic departments. Cruzado hired Terry Leist,
director of budget and fiscal academic affairs in the provost's
office, as Interim Vice President. Leist was made permanent in
Leadership Appointment Opportunities Under Cruzado
VP for Acad. Aff./Provost
VP for Research
VP for Student Success
VP for Admin. & Finance
VP for External Relations
Exec. Dir. for Univ. Comm.
Dean of the Library
College of Agriculture
College of Arts & Archit.
College of Business
College of Education
College of Engineering
College of Letters & Sci.
College of Nursing
The Graduate School
Cruzado had the rare chance to put her stamp on five of the
university's colleges in 2011 and 2012. The dean of the College of
Business and the dean of the College of Arts and Architecture both
left MSU in 2011. In 2012, the dean of the College of Letters and
Science stepped down to return to the faculty, while the dean of the
library and the dean of the College of Education, Health and Human
Development both retired. With so many vacancies, Cruzado hired a
professional search firm to assist with recruitment, and she and
Potvin held numerous meetings on campus to solicit input from faculty
and students about the type of deans they wanted to see hired.
The first new dean was appointed in March 2012. Kregg Aytes, interim
dean of the College of Business at Idaho State University, was hired
on March 12. Cruzado chose Aytes from a field of 53 candidates, and he
began his duties on July 1, 2012.
In April 2012, Cruzado hired Nancy Cornwell, Vice President for
Academic Affairs at Stephens College, to be Dean of MSU's College of
Arts and Architecture. She was hired from a pool of 28 applicants, and
began her work on July 1, 2012. Kenning Arlitsch was hired by
Cruzado in August 2012 to be the Dean of the Library at MSU. Arlitsch,
Associate Dean for Information Technology Services at the University
of Utah, was chosen from a pool of 18 candidates. He assumed his
position on October 15, 2012.
In October 2012, Cruzado appointed two new deans at MSU. On October 1,
Nicol Rae, a political scientist and Senior Associate Dean in the
College of Arts and Sciences at Florida International University, was
hired at the Dean of MSU's College of Letters and Science. A faculty
backlash occurred when Provost Potvin suggested that a new dean would
be in place by summer 2012. After a somewhat raucous campus meeting,
Cruzado agreed to a longer search, but set a date of January 1, 2013
to have a new dean in place. Rae was awarded the position from a
pool of 16 candidates, and he assumed his position on January 1,
2013. On October 9, Lynda Ransdell, professor of kinesiology at
Boise State University, was named the new Dean of MSU's College of
Education, Health and Human Development. Ransdell was awarded the
position from a pool of 16 candidates, and assumed her duties on
January 13, 2013.
Staff departures roiled MSU's external relations and communications
efforts in 2012 and 2013. In August 2012, Douglas L. Steele resigned
as Vice President for External Relations and Director of the MSU
Extension Service in order to become head of the extension service at
Texas A&M University. Tracy Ellig, the number two person in
the communications division and director of MSU's news service, was
named interim director of external relations (although it was unclear
if this meant the position had lost its vice presidential status).
Jill Martz, director of the Montana
4-H program, was named interim
director of the MSU Extension Service in August 2012 and was still
serving in that role a year later. Thomas Calcagni resigned as
Executive Director of University Communications for personal reasons
in April 2013, and Ellig was promoted to the position. Martz
was quietly appointed interim vice president for external relations as
A sixth dean left MSU in spring 2013, when Dr. Carl Fox resigned as
Dean of The Graduate School to become provost at Western Kentucky
University. Dr. Ronald Larsen was named interim dean.
In August 2013, Cruzado had the opportunity to replace seventh dean at
MSU. Jim Rimpau, long-time Vice President for Student Success,
retired. Robert Marley, Dean of the College of Engineering, agreed to
become the Interim Vice President for Student Success, overseeing the
Office of Student Success.
Goals and strategic planning
Hamilton Hall, home of Gallatin College—the college of technology
established and rapidly expanded under Cruzado's leadership.
One of Cruzado's earliest announced goals was to more closely
integrate the units of the MSU System. The state legislature radically
changed the way the state's two-year and four-year colleges and
universities were governed in 1994. Eastern Montana College (located
in Billings), Northern Montana College (located in Havre), and the
Great Falls Vo-Tech Center (located in Great Falls) were transformed
into two-year colleges and placed (along with Montana State
University) in the
Montana State University
Montana State University System. The president of
Montana State University
Montana State University acted as chancellor for the system, while
"deans" oversaw the two-year units. (Additional two-year units were
later created in Billings and Bozeman.) Cruzado said she would place a
much greater emphasis on integrating the two-year schools into Montana
State University than her predecessor, Geoffrey Gamble, had. She
called this the "one university" concept.
Another early goal was to take control of the college of technology on
the Bozeman campus. Montana restructured its entire higher education
system in 1994. In part, this turned the Great Falls
Vocational-Technical Center (a two-year vocational-technical school)
into a unit of
Montana State University
Montana State University and changed the name to MSU
College of Technology–Great Falls. (The state now began referring to
all its vocational-technical schools as "colleges of technology".)
Under a policy of the MSU System Board of Regents, vo-tech programs in
Bozeman had to be under the control of one of the colleges of
technology in the MSU System and not Montana State itself. In November
2009, MSU President
Geoffrey Gamble sought permission from the regents
to allow MSU to control the vo-tech programs on its campus, but the
regents declined to authorize this. Cruzado began a similar push
in April 2010, and said her goal was to create a full two-year
community college at MSU. Cruzado was successful in the summer of
2010, and the MSU College of Technology–Great Falls programs, now
known as Gallatin College Programs, moved onto the MSU campus in
August. It initially offered programs in aviation, design drafting,
interior design, and welding. Cruzado then won regents approval in
May 2011 for the program to offer two-year certificates in bookkeeping
and medical assistance. The program expanded again in March 2012,
adding associate degree programs in art, general studies, and science
and a certificate program in weatherization. The word "programs"
was dropped from Gallatin College's name in May 2012.
In her inaugural address in September 2010, Cruzado emphasized
reducing student attrition, embracing online education, enhancing
interdisciplinary research by faculty, enhancing outreach to tribal
colleges, hiring new faculty, significantly improving fund-raising,
reducing the number of administrators, and making governance more
inclusive and more transparent.
Community service and engagement, like this street cleaning, is a
major element the MSU strategic plan adopted by Cruzado. The strategic
plan envisions greater involvement in the community by students,
utilizing the skills they learn at Montana State.
Cruzado announced a number of goals which she wished to achieve in
2011. Among these were development and implementation of a student
retention program, continued expansion of research by faculty, more
interdisciplinary work by faculty, expansion of online education, a
program to improve faculty teaching skills, expansion of the outreach
program to the seven tribal colleges in Montana, expansion of the
university's "study abroad" program, a reduction in paperwork and
bureacratic procedure, adoption of a strategic fund-raising and
capital campaign plan ("advancement"), and adoption of a campus
strategic plan. Some of these goals were not implemented until the
2012-2013 school year. Among these were the Center for Faculty
Excellence (funded by an October 2009 gift by former MSU president
Geoffrey Gamble) and new advising and student retention
A year later, on September 5, 2012, MSU adopted a strategic plan at
Cruzado's behest. The university's Planning Council had been working
on the plan since mid-2010, and held several meetings to solicit
feedback from administrators, faculty, students, and the public. The
plan's top goals, which were to be achieved by 2019 (within seven
Increasing MSU enrollment by 15 percent to 16,000 students, and
doubling Gallatin College enrollment to 400 students.
Improving the graduation rate from 51 percent in six years to 65
percent in six years, and reducing the attrition rate for freshman to
18 percent from 26 percent.
Improving the number of faculty doing scientific research.
Ensuring that all students and faculty engage in community service on
a local, regional, national, or international level.
Reducing greenhouse gas emissions and landfill waste.
Increasing the number of graduate students; undergraduates from
Montana; Native American, non-Native American minority, and
Increasing the number of online courses offered.
Raising faculty, administrator, and staff pay.
Cruzado said she believed MSU had the capacity to absorb another 2,000
students, and pointed to construction on Jabs Hall and a 70-bed
student dorm and the proposed renovation of Romney Gym. The new
strategic plan was given the name "Mountains and Minds, Learners and
In response to the strategic plan, an Academic Strategic Plan was
drafted by Provost Martha Potvin and the deans of the university's
colleges in late 2012. The academic plan put maintaining MSU's
research funding and activity as its top goal. Other top goals
included expanding enrollment by 15 percent by 2019 (to 16,000
students), enhancing research even further, and improving community
service by faculty and staff. To achieve the research goal, the
plan called for increasing the number of graduate students by 20
percent, increasing the number of doctoral students by 43 percent, and
renovating lab space. Other goals in the plan included improving
faculty salaries, improving financial aid to students, enhancing
career guidance and counseling to graduating students, hiring more
minority faculty (including Native Americans), renovating classrooms,
reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 20 percent, and reducing landfill
waste by 25 percent. But comments on the draft academic plan said
MSU had no plan to pay for the additional faculty, classrooms, and
laboratories that a greatly expanded student body would require.
Potvin said the university would pay for them by "prioritizing". A
member of the Board of Regents said the plan did not take into account
initiatives by the regents or legislature, such as improving the time
to graduation (as of 2012 between five and six years).
Cruzado announced in summer 2013 that the 2013-2014 school year would
be the "Year of Engaged Leadership", and she would emphasize community
outreach and service. The university announced on September 10
that it made a major step toward reaching its enrollment goals. Total
enrollment at MSU reached 15,294 for the fall 2013 semester.
President Cruzado unsuccessfully sought legislative approval in 2011
and 2013 to have Romney Gym (depicted) renovated.
Cruzado made a strongly positive first impression on the
Republican-dominated Montana state legislature after her arrival in
However, in the 2011 legislative session the legislature refused to
approve a $20 million bond issue to renovate the iconic and decaying
Romney Gym on the Bozeman campus, a major goal of Cruzado's.
During the 2013 legislative session, the legislature imposed
"performance-based funding" on the state's higher education system.
Much of this funding requires that all state colleges and universities
improve their graduation rates. It again declined to allow a $20
million bond issue to renovate Romney Gym. It did, however, vote to
allow MSU to accept $20 million donation from alumnus Jake Jabs to
fund the construction of Jabs Hall (which will house the College of
Business). It also gave $19 million over two years for salary
increases, which amounted to about 2.5 percent a year.
MSU also received legislative support to expand two medical
professional programs. Cruzado pushed for and won approval to expand
the Washington, Wyoming, Alaska, Montana, and Idaho (WWAMI) medical
program for the first time in 38 years. The program allows MSU
students to spend their first year of medical school at MSU and then
enter the University of Washington School of Medicine. The legislature
also supported the creation of a cooperative veterinary medicine
program with Washington State University. Up to 10 MSU students may be
accepted into the
Washington State University
Washington State University College of Veterinary
Medicine. They will spend their first year of study at MSU, and then
transfer to Washington State.
In fall 2013, Cruzado sought approval from the Board of Regents to
build a new 400-bed dormitory and elevate the university honors
program into a college. These and other proposals would go before the
state legislature in 2015.
Cruzado took over
Montana State University
Montana State University when resources were already
stretched thin. The university was reaccredited in 2009 by the
Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities. However the
commission warned the university that it was trying to do too much
with too little funding.
The biennial 2011 Montana state legislature cut $2.3 million from the
budget for MSU. The budget problem was worsened by an impending
decision by the
Montana University System Board of Regents to spend
more money on the
University of Montana
University of Montana System than the Montana State
University System. The MSU Budget Council held campus hearings on the
issue, and provided three scenarios: A 3 to 5 percent increase in
tuition (equal to $150 to $250 per year for in-state students),
tapping reserve funds, or a combination of both. The reserve funds
included the university's general reserve fund (which held $5.4
million), and as many as 30 other contingency funds, multi-year
spending funds, or funds which ended the previous budget year with
MSU implemented a 5 percent rise in student tuition for the 2012-2013
school year, which generated an extra $11 million revenue. Coupled
with an extra $4 million in legislative spending and other revenues,
the university's 2012-2013 school year budget grew by 9.1 percent to
$168.6 million. Another $2.1 million remained unspent, as the
university had not yet determined final enrollment figures by
September 2012. About $1.2 million of these funds were spent on 16
projects, ranging from hiring student mental health counselors,
creating a doctoral program in the College of Nursing, a master's
degree in science and nature filmmaking, a sustainable food and
bioenergy degree, an Undergraduate Scholars Program to encourage
undergraduate research, new equipment and an expansion of the Taylor
Planetarium at the Museum of the Rockies, and an architect to design a
renovation of Romney Gym. The Budget Council received requests for
funding, held campus-wide meetings to gain student input about them,
prioritized them, and sent them to Cruzado for approval.
By 2013, however, unfunded needs were emerging. In an informal vote
taken by faculty in May 2013, improving salaries and expanding
classroom and lab space were the second and third highest priorities
Capital campaigns and institutional advancement
Cruzado placed an early emphasis on "advancement"—raising private
funds for operational and capital needs, one-time projects, financial
aid, endowments, and other projects.
On January 1, 2012, at Cruzado's behest, the MSU Foundation and the
MSU Alumni Association merged into a single organization. Michael
Stevenson remained president and chief executive officer of the new
MSU Alumni Foundation, while Jaynee Groseth retained her title as
president as well. The combined organization had more than 13,000
alumni members and oversaw an endowment of $112.3 million. Cruzado
authorized a rapid expansion in the new organization's staff to 51
from 39 employees. The two 50-member boards of directors were
abolished, and a new, single, 18-member board of directors installed.
MSU alum and engineer Mike Ferris was appointed chair of the board of
directors. The MSU Alumni Foundation began planning for a $100 million
fundraising campaign, although it was forced to wait until the
university's strategic plan was finished before embarking on the
During Cruzado's presidency there have been several notable successes
in the area of advancement. Alumnus Jake Jabs agreed to donate $3
million in December 2010 to add to the endowment of the Jake Jabs
Center for Entrepreneurship for the New West, a unit of the MSU
College of Business. It was his second major donation to the
center. After alumni quietly raised $1 million to expand Bobcat
Stadium, Cruzado went public in October 2010 with a campaign to raise
an additional $4 million and agreed to match the fund-raising up to $4
million with university funds. The campaign was a rousing success,
raising $5 million in private funds in less than a year. In 2011,
alumnus David Kern and his wife, Judith Raines, donated $1 million to
MSU to establish the Presidential Award for Emerging Scholars. The
award targets students who may not be academically outstanding, but
who exhibit great promise in leadership, academics, or research.
It was the second major gift from Kern and Raines, who previously
established an engineering scholarship in 2002. In October 2012,
the university received one of its largest gifts ever when Jabs
donated an additional $25 million to build a new business school
building. Courting of Jabs had occurred for a decade. The donation was
the largest in MSU history.
Turnover hit the MSU Alumni Foundation in May 2013 when Jaynee Groseth
retired. Groseth joined the alumni association in 1992 as executive
director after having served for a decade as director of admissions.
She was appointed president of the alumni association in 2008.
Faculty hiring and pay
When Cruzado assumed the presidency of Montana State University, the
Board of Regents expressed concern about the faculty. Faculty
generally taught 23 percent more courses than their peers elsewhere in
the nation (although classes were generally small, just 10 to 29
students), spending on students was 17.7 percent below the national
average of $15,094 per student, just 72 percent of its freshmen
returned for their sophomore year, and more than half its students
failed to graduate. A troubling trend, the regents said, was MSU's
over-reliance on adjunct faculty. in the 2009-2010 school year, MSU
had 469 tenured or tenure-track faculty, but its 345 adjunct faculty
accounted for 42 percent of all faculty.
One of Cruzado's earliest obstacles was contract negotiations with the
Associated Faculty of MSU (AFMSU), a union affiliated with MEA-MFT.
The tenured and tenure-track faculty voted 168 to 156 to form a union
in 2009. Also forming a union with AFMSU were 200 adjunct
professors at the university. Negotiations with AFMSU began in
2010, and resulted in a contract in late 2011. The contract
provided for a 1 percent pay raise and a $500 non-pensionable bonus in
the first year, and a 2 percent pay raise and similar bonus in the
second. The pay increases were the same offered to administrators and
MSU found some money for additional faculty raises in early 2012.
Under the contract negotiated between the faculty union and the
university, faculty were eligible for $1,000 lump sum merit pay raises
and $1,000 lump-sum market rate salary increases. Market rates salary
increases would be awarded to those faculty whose salaries were
farthest below national job market averages. These payments were made
in March 2012.
In the 2012-2013 school year, MSU implemented the faculty contracts' 2
percent across-the-board pay increase. Another $500,000 was spent in
pay increases for faculty who were promoted, and merit pay salary
increases. With enrollment expanding rapidly, Cruzado agreed to
hire 18 tenure-track faculty and six adjunct faculty, and to fill 37
tenure-track and 17 adjunct positions.
MSU received a $3.4 million grant in September 2012 to improve the
hiring, promotion, tenure, and leadership advancement of female
professors. The university lost a 1974 gender discrimination lawsuit
brought by female faculty members. When Cruzado began her tenure
at MSU, the problems women faculty faced were still significant. Women
faculty at MSU earned an average of $10,574 less (15 percent) than
men, while nationally, the gap was between 7 and 12 percent. Male
faculty outnumber female faculty by 2-to-1, MSU was below the national
average of having women constitute 39 percent of faculty, and only 21
women were full professors (141 men held that rank). Women faculty
also left the university at a rate of 14 percent per year, compared to
a 6 percent rate for men. The new grant, which the university
applied for at Cruzado's explicit instruction, was provided by the
National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health to assist MSU in boosting the low rate
at which it hires women professors. In some MSU departments, women
constituted less than 20 percent of all faculty, few women were
associate or full professors, and almost none held leadership
Average Faculty Pay at MSU and Its Peers, 2011-2012 School Year
"Very High Research" Universities only
In December 2012 and January 2013, faculty hiring and salary issues
became a controversial issue. The university's draft Academic Plan,
issued that fall, drew a number of criticisms. Commenters said the
university was not hiring enough experienced research faculty, spent
too much money hiring assistant faculty (those just beginnings their
careers), and was not paying faculty at all levels well enough. The
academic plan did not address these issues, they said. A quarter
of MSU's full-time faculty attended a meeting with Cruzado in January
2013 in which similar sentiments were expressed. Some faculty at
the meeting also accused Cruzado of failing to fill faculty vacancies
The tenured/tenure-track faculty union proved controversial, however.
A decertification petition, supported by a number of faculty, began
circulating in 2012 as the union prepared for a second round of
contract negotiations. The petition was successful, and in the
decertification election which followed the tenured and tenure-track
faculty voted 190 to 185 to dissolve the union. No decertification
election was held for the adjunct union. Another union, the Graduate
Employees Organization, formed to represent graduate students. The
university agreed to recognize the graduate student union.
Negotiations on their contract began in summer 2013.
In May 2013, an informal vote taken by faculty listed improving
salaries the second highest concern, behind maintaining the school's
status as a high-research university. But MSU salaries for full
professors were ranked the lowest among all 50 states in July 2013.
The state legislature appropriated $19 million for all administrators,
faculty, and staff at the university, which amounted to about a 5
percent wage increase over two years. That was far less than the 8
percent wage increase other workers for the state of Montana
Hiring also continued to be an issue. On July 13, 2013, Cruzado
defended the university's faculty hiring to the Bozeman Daily
Chronicle. She said MSU had hired 39 tenure-track faculty, of which 31
were assistant professors, two associate professors, and six full
professors. The university had only hired two associate professors and
two full professors the previous year. She said the university would
hire 45 tenure-track professors in the fall of 2013. This hires, she
said, would help fill the 30 new tenure-track faculty positions
created at MSU in the past two years. The university later
retracted the claim about senior hires. Five of the eight associate
and full professor hires were deans and two were department heads. The
university admitted that all but one of the 32 other faculty hired in
2013 were assistant professors. An MSU spokesperson defended the
practice, saying "Hiring at the assistant level helps us address
In September 2013, Cruzado announced the university met its promise to
hire new faculty. Forty-six full-time and part-time faculty joined the
university, she said.
When Cruzado arrived at Montana State, federal and private funding for
research had been expanding rapidly for years. Between 2000 and 2009,
federal research funding at MSU grew by 61 percent to $98.4
million. In 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009, MSU was the only
university in Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming
to be classified by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of
Teaching as having "very high research activity" — putting Montana
State among such elite institutions as Harvard University, Johns
Hopkins University, Oregon State University, the University of
Washington. and Yale University.
Funding from federal and private sources for research at MSU was
$109.5 million in the 2009-2010 school year (Cruzado's first year on
campus, reflecting grants awarded during her predecessor's
tenure). It fell to $102.7 million in the 2010-2011 school
year. This included a five-year, $3.85 million grant from the
National Science Foundation
National Science Foundation to study fire and climate change in
forests in Australia, New Zealand, and the United Statets. The grant
was shared with the University of Colorado, the University of Idaho,
and the United States Forest Service, and it was unclear how much
money actually went to MSU. It also included a $1.6 million grant
United States Department of Energy
United States Department of Energy to study ways to store
carbon dioxide underground, a grant the university had been
working to obtain from Congress for several years. Another award
was a four-year, $1.2 million grant from the Howard Hughes Medical
Institute. The grant paid for integration of biomedical science into
the undergraduate curriculum and paid for undergraduate biomedical
research. It also paid for science and technology outreach to
elementary and middle school Native Americans, and for scholarships to
bring Native American students to MSU and expose them to science and
technology courses. It was the third time MSU received the grant.
Cooley Laboratory (depicted) was renovated with a $14.9 million NIH
Cruzado said in January 2011 that she would continue to emphasize
research at MSU, and research funding rose to a record $112.3
million in the 2011-2012 school year despite federal budget cuts.
The 2011-2012 figure included a portion of funds from a $20 million,
National Science Foundation
National Science Foundation (NSF) grant to create an
"Institute of the Environment" to study a wide range of environmental
issues in Montana. The grant—shared by MSU, the University of
Montana, the state's seven tribal colleges, the state's six two-year
colleges, and its three community colleges—permitted the hiring of
12 tenure-track faculty, provided research support for graduate
students, established a math and science mentoring program for Native
American students, and created a high school-to-college transition
assistance program for Native American students. Another $3.5 million
in matching funds was received from the federal Experimental Program
to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR) program. Mark Young,
director of Montana's EPSCoR program, directly credited Cruzado for
helping to win the NSF grant. It was unclear just how much of the
money went to MSU, however. The total also included an eight-year, $65
United States Department of Energy
United States Department of Energy grant. The grant program
will test whether greenhouse gases may be stored in underground rock
formations. Negotiations for the grant began before Cruzado
arrived at MSU, however. It was unclear just how much of the
grant went to MSU. The grant was given to the Big Sky Carbon
Sequestration Partnership, which in addition to Montana State
University included three other universities, three federal energy
laboratories, and at least three energy companies.
The research effort suffered several blows in 2013. In January 2013, a
quarter of MSU's tenure-track faculty told Cruzado that they did not
see the university putting money into hiring advanced faculty,
improving research faculty salaries, improving laboratory space, or
working to increase the number of graduate students—elements they
said would go far to maintaining or improving the university's status
as a high-activity research university. Research income for the
2012-2013 school year fell 16.6 percent to $93.7 million, which
Cruzado said was due to federal budget cuts. On May 20, 2013, MSU's
long-time Vice President for Research, Creativity and Technology
Transfer, Thomas McCoy, left the university to take a similar position
at the University of North Texas. Anne Camper, Associate Dean of
the College of Engineering, was named interim vice president.
That same month, an informal faculty poll showed that maintaining
MSU's reputation as a high-activity research university was the
highest priority of faculty. But tension between research faculty and
non-research faculty was also very high. The number of graduate
and doctoral students at the university also slipped. Graduate
students (which included master's degree and doctoral degree students
was 1,980 in 2010-2011, but just 1,888 in 2012-2013. The university
strategic plan set a goal of 2,350 graduate students by 2019. The
number of doctoral students was also inconsistent. There were 45 in
2010-2011, 56 in 2011-2012, but just 53 in 2013-2013. The strategic
plan set a goal of 80 per year by 2019.
In July 2013, MSU announced that research funding fell $18.6 million
to just $93.7 million for the 2012-2013 school year. President
Cruzado initially said most of the drop was attributable to the
expenditure of the one-time $14.9 million NIH grant that helped
renovate Cooley Lab. She later said the drop was due to the
federal budgtary sequester.
Campus concern over the university's research status grew throughout
spring and summer 2013. Other universities were hiring high-performing
MSU research faculty away, research faculty lacked confidence that
Cruzado and other senior administrators understood what it took to
keep research funding high, faculty pay was too low to retain
researchers, vacancies were numerous, and few senior faculty were
being hired. According to the Bozeman Daily Chronicle, "Some faculty
members said privately that McCoy had given his life to MSU and they
doubted he would have left if he hadn't felt frustrated." There
was also fear that the Board of Regents was too focused on expanding
the system's two-year colleges at the expense of MSU. Unnamed faculty
cited by the Chronicle were highly critical of President Cruzado and
Provost Potvin, noting that the first draft of the MSU strategic
barely mentioned research.
Cruzado defended MSU's hiring and retention practices. In the
2012-2013 school year, she said, MSU paid $178,000 in retention salary
bonuses and paid $1.35 million to provide equipment, materials, staff,
and travel. Fourteen retention packages were offered to faculty; eight
stayed, one left, and five were undecided. That compared, she said, to
the 2008-2009 school year, in which only five faculty were offered
retention packages totalling $521,000 (all five stayed). MSU also won
state matching funds for all federal EPSCoR monies received, and now
also offers bonuses to faculty who win research funding that adds at
least 25 percent to their base salary. The university also increased
the number of paid graduate assistants to 616 from 540 in the past two
years, and added 12 more in the 2012-2013 school year.
By September 2013, the drop in research funding had created a $2.5
million budgetary shortfall in funds for overhead in the Office of
Research. The university was forced to make up the difference from its
The $10 million renovation of Bobcat Stadium under Cruzado added south
end zone seating (left) and a new press box and private VIP boxes
Although the Animal Bioscience Building was the first building
constructed during Cruzado's tenure, it was one she had little to do
with. In 1997, the Montana Land Board sued MSU, arguing that the
university sold at below-market value or used for non-intended
purposes land bequeathed to the university by Bozeman area farmers and
ranchers. In 1999, the Land Board reached a settlement with MSU which,
in part, required the university to set aside $3 million by 2005 to
build a livestock research center. More than $13 million was
earmarked by Congress over the next few years to build the
structure. Additional fundraising also occurred, and more than 141
individuals gave more than $10,000 each to fund construction of the
new center. The Wanke family of Rudyard, Montana, gave $2.7 million in
honor of Harold Wanke (who always wanted to be a veterinarian but
never got the chance). Construction began on the 40,000 square feet
(3,700 m2), $15.7 million building in 2008, and was complete in
Bobcat Stadium, MSU's football arena, underwent a major expansion due
to Cruzado's boosterism. Expansion of the football stadium was long
planned, and provided for architecturally during its 1998 renovation.
Boosters had already raised $1 million by October 2010. When Cruzado
learned of the fund-raising effort, she publicly endorsed it and
challenged boosters to raise another $4 million with in the year. If
they did, the university would float $4 million in bonds to match it
(with funding for the bonds coming from football ticket sales).
Boosters subsequently raised another $5 million by late December
In 2011, the university renovated Cooley Laboratory. The five-story
building, constructed in 1960, had never been renovated. In 2009,
before Cruzado arrived, MSU submitted a request for American Recovery
and Reinvestment Act (the stimulus funds), and won a $14.9 million
ARRA grant from the
National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health (NIH) to pay for the
renovation. Another $1.2 million came from the Montana State
Board of Investments InterCap in the form of a loan, $732,000 came
from NIH to pay for lab equipment, and $71,000 came from other various
MSU research grants. Reopened in September 2012, Cooley Lab was
the first MSU building to win a LEED Gold designation as a "green
The university considered three sites in early 2012 for the new $18
million Jabs Hall: a Grant Street parking lot, a Hamilton Hall parking
lot, and an open grassy are east of the
building. The open area was chosen as the site. Construction
began in July 2013, and was expected to take two years to finish.
Aside from the $17 million Cooley Lab renovation and the $20 million
Jabs Hall, another $49.6 million in construction projects were under
way on the MSU campus as of July 2012. This included a multi-million
project to replace roofs throughout the campus which were damaged
during a severe 2010 hailstorm, a $3 million renovation of two
residence halls (Hapner Hall and Langford Hall), construction of the
new 70-bed North Hedges Suite 3 residential cottages, expansion of the
Writing enter in Wilson Hall, and a project to improve energy
efficiency in all dormitories, Brick Breeden Fieldhouse, the Marga
Hosaeus Fitness Center, and the Strand Union Building.
Additional campus construction occurred in 2013. Married student
housing cottages from the 1950s were torn down; the Brick Breeden
Fieldhouse parking lot and part of the Bobcat Stadium parking lot were
repaved; Linfield Hall, Roberts Hall, and Wilson Hall were renovated;
and the Visual Communication Building received seismic bracing.
President Cruzado has made improvements to student facilities a
priority. In 2011, she led the university to secure $15 million in
bonding authority for upgrading student residence halls. During the
summer of 2011, more than $3 million was spent on the Langford and
Hapner residence hall rooms to make them more modern and appealing to
students, and Miller Dining Hall—the largest on campus—had a
$400,000 seating upgrade. President Cruzado made sure students were
involved in all phases of the design process. Funds dedicated for
current projects include $1.5 million to modernize classrooms, $1.5
million to improve accessibility and $9 million in energy conservation
projects, which will upgrade all residence halls and other auxiliary
facilities. In 2012, there will be a $6 million renovation of public
spaces in Langford and Hapner residence halls during the summer, a
$300,000 seating upgrade in Harrison Dining Hall. In addition, work is
underway for a $7 million third Hedges Suite building, which will
increase housing capacity beginning in the fall of 2013.
At Cruzado's initiative,
Montana State University
Montana State University applied for and
received a classification as a "community engaged" school. The
classification was made by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement
of Teaching and the New England Resource Center for Higher Education.
The classification recognizes the university's commitment to volunteer
service and spreading knowledge that benefits the public.
Cruzado also oversaw programs to improve student life. The first was
the Family Care Room, a place where mothers (faculty, staff, or
students) can care of their infant children in privacy. The idea came
from Cruzado's predecessor, Geoffrey Gamble. Cruzado oversaw the
Family Care Room's opening, and dedicated a nearby parking space for
those using it. On September 12, 2011, she dedicated a Veterans
Center in the Strand Union Building. The center, which provides a
lounge, resource library, and staff support, is designed to allow
military veterans access resources specifically for them, obtain
assistance in transitioning from military life to college life, and
provides a quiet space for veterans with emotional issues.
In August 2010, Cruzado initiated a new tradition at MSU, the
"Community Cat Walk". Led by a costumed Champ the Bobcat, the MSU
Spirit of the West Marching Band, and football players carrying
banners, about 50 MSU students and boosters walk through downtown
Bozeman, Montana, handing out stickers and "bobcat earmuffs", signing
autographs, and leading citizens in songs and cheers. The event began
in 2010, and has been held every late August since as a way of
building enthusiasm among local Bozeman residents for the upcoming
school year and football schedule. Cruzado led the Community Cat Walk
in 2010, 2011, 2012, and 2013.
In November 2012, President Barack Obama appointed Cruzado to the
Board for International Food and Agricultural Development, a
seven-member advisory council that advises the United States Agency
for International Development on agriculture, nutrition, and rural
development issues related to global food insecurity.
In the aftermath of the Boston Marathon bombings, the University of
Massachusetts Dartmouth appointed Cruzado chair of a three-person task
force on the recruitment and support of international students, and
emergency planning. Also serving on the task force were Susan Herbst,
president of the University of Connecticut, and James Bueermann,
president of the Police Foundation. The task force was asked to
complete its work by August 15, 2013.
Cruzado holds membership in a number of organizations related to her
profession as a literary scholar and as a college administrator. These
include the American Comparative Literature Association, American
Council of Education,
Hispanic Association of Colleges and
Universities, Modern Language Association, North Central Council of
Latin Americanists, Society for the Advancement of Chicanos and Native
Americans in Science, and the Southwest Council of Latin American
She is also a member of the Alpha Delta Kappa, Delta Sigma Theta, and
Phi Kappa Phi
Phi Kappa Phi national honor societies.
Cruzado was named the 2011
Michael P. Malone Educator of the Year by
the Montana Ambassadors for demonstrating outstanding accomplishment,
excellence and leadership in the field of education. She was also
recognized as a Paul Harris Fellow by Rotary International and, in
November 2012, the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities
awarded her the
Seaman A. Knapp
Seaman A. Knapp Memorial Lectureship, in honor of the
founder of the Cooperative Extension Service.
Dr. Cruzado has published a number of professional articles and
reports. Among these are:
Cruzado, Waded. "Aire, Mar, Tierra: La Literature Infantile y la
Education Ambiental." Atenea. 16:1-2 (1995).
Cruzado, Waded. "El Agua, la Fuente, el Espejo: Las Obsesiones
Duplicantes de Carlos Fuentes." Sea Grant College Program. 1:1 (1993).
Cruzado, Waded. "La Huela Arabe en la Literature Medieval." Atenea.
Cruzado, Waded. "Prologue, Roasario Ramos Perea." Te Canta el Coqui.
Mayaguez: Gallo Galente, 1997.
Cruzado, Waded. "Taking Another Look at Bilingualism." Vista. 3:6
Frehill, Lisa M.; Serrano, Elba; and Cruzado, Waded. Effective
Strategies to Diversify STEM Faculty: A Toolkit. Arlington, Va.:
National Science Foundation, 2005.
Cruzado was married to Rodolfo Mazo, but the marriage ended in
divorce. The couple had two children, Gerald (born 1984) and Brenda
Her maternal grandmother Julia died of breast cancer at the age of 84.
Her mother was diagnosed with the same disease at the age of 64.
^ a b c Schontzler, Gail. "Cruzado Sees Great Things for MSU." Bozeman
Daily Chronicle. January 16, 2010. Accessed 2013-08-26.
^ a b c d e f Schontzler, Gail. "Cruzado Vows to Build a Better,
Stronger MSU." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. September 11, 2010.
^ a b c d Cruzado, Waded. "Empowering People, Transforming the World:
Today's Land-Grant University." Inaugural Address. Montana State
University. Bozeman, Montana. September 10, 2010. Accessed 2013-08-23.
^ a b c d e Holston, Mark. "Latina University Presidents: Trailblazers
in Education." Latina Style. 18:5 (October 2012), p. 26.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ellig, Tracy. "Waded Cruzado's Early Life
Experiences Inspired Her Career and Philosophies." Mountains and
Minds. Spring 2010. Accessed 2013-08-23.
^ a b c d e Cruzado, Waded. "'Who Needs Extension, Anyway?': The
Relevance and Values for Our Next 100 Years of Engagement." Seaman A.
Knapp Lecture. Annual Meeting. Association of Public and Land-grant
Universities. November 11, 2012, p. 1. Accessed 2013-08-23.
^ a b Kennedy, Matthew. "New
Museum of the Rockies
Museum of the Rockies Exhibit Tells
Coffee's Story." MSU Exponent. March 21, 2013.
^ a b c d Colnar, Rebecca. "Meet MSU President Waded Cruzado." Montana
Farm Bureau Spokesman. Fall 2011, p. 18.
^ a b c d e f g h i Who's Who in the West, 41st ed., 2013.
^ a b c "NMSU Names New Provost." Associated Press. August 16, 2007.
^ a b c Benanti, Mary A. "Cruzado-Salas Named Executive Vice President
and Provost." Press release.
New Mexico State University. August 15,
2007. Accessed 2013-08-23.
^ a b c "NMSU Names
Waded Cruzado as Interim President." Albuquerue
Business Journal. July 16, 2008. Accessed 2013-08-23.
^ a b c d e Meeks, Ashley. "
Waded Cruzado Stepping Down as New Mexico
State University Interim President. Las Cruces Sun-News. May 7, 2009.
^ a b "NMSU Provost Offered Montana State's Top Job." Albuquerque
Journal. October 14, 2009. Accessed 2013-08-23.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Gamble to Retire as MSU President." Bozeman Daily
Chronicle. March 23, 2009. Accessed 2013-08-10.
^ "Three Finalists Selected for MSU President's Position." Press
release. MSU News Service. September 9, 2009. Accessed 2013-08-26.
^ "Cruzado Accepts Job as
Montana State University
Montana State University President."
Associated Press. October 16, 2009.
^ Kidston, Martin. "Report: UM, MSU Presidents' Compensation in Line
With Region." Billings Gazette. May 16, 2013. Accessed 2013-08-23.
^ a b c Schontzler, Gail. "MSU, UM Struggle to Compete When Salaries
Rank Near Bottom Nationally." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. June 16, 2013.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Schontzler, Gail. "Cruzado Has a Winning
Rookie Year." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. January 9, 2011.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Cruzado Seeks Ideas for Graduating More Students
During Brown Bag Lunch." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. September 29, 2010.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Polite Protest for MSU Microbiology Fails to Sway
Montana Hall." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. April 1, 2010.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Cruzado OKs Plan to Save MSU's Microbiology."
Bozeman Daily Chronicle. April 9, 2010.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "Cruzado: New Council to
Help MSU Make a
Difference Beyond Campus." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. May 4, 2012.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "Why So Slow? MSU Seeks Answers to Women's
Advancement." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. September 17, 2011.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Schontzler, Gail. "Cruzado Answers
Concerns From MSU Faculty Group." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. January 19,
^ a b c d e Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Sees Record Enrollment, Bright
Future." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. September 11, 2013. Accessed
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Hires First Female Provost." Bozeman Daily
Chronicle. October 10, 2010.
^ Potvin was the first women to serve permanently as vice president
for academic affairs. She was not the first woman to hold the job,
however. Retired nursing professor Kay Chafey briefly held the
position in 1991.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Spokeswoman Conover Ready to Retire." Bozeman
Daily Chronicle. October 15, 2010.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Hires New Chief Spokesman." Bozeman Daily
Chronicle. March 8, 2011.
^ "Steele Accepts MSU External Relations Vice President Duties,
Retains Extension Duties." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. December 10, 2010.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Suddenly Replaces Finance Chief." Bozeman
Daily Chronicle. April 8, 2011.
^ "Terry Leist Named Vice President, MSU Administration and Finance."
MSU News Service. April 12, 2012. Accessed 2013-08-30.
^ Leist was interim Vice President for Administration and Finance from
April 2011 to April 2012.
^ This position was formerly titled Vice President for Communications
and Public Affairs. In March 2011, the duties of the Director of the
MSU Extension Service were added to the position.
^ It is unclear when Martz began serving as Interim Vice President for
External Relations, although it is likely she was appointed shortly
after Tracy Ellig was appointed the permanent Executive Director for
University Communications in May 2013.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Wanted: Five Deans for MSU." Bozeman Daily
Chronicle. February 15, 2012.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Hires New Business College Dean." Bozeman
Daily Chronicle. March 13, 2012.
^ "Nancy Cornwell Named New Dean of MSU College of Arts and
Architecture." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. April 13, 2012.
^ "MSU Picks New Library Dean." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. August 14,
^ Schontzler, Gail. "No Rush: Cruzado Agrees to Longer Search for New
Dean." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. February 16, 2012.
^ "Nicol Rae Named New Dean of MSU College of Letters and Science."
Bozeman Daily Chronicle. October 2, 2012.
^ "MSU Names New Dean for College of Education, Health and Human
Development." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. October 10, 2012.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Vice President Named to Extension Post at
Texas A&M." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. August 3, 2012.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Names Ellig Its 2013 Lobbyist." Bozeman Daily
Chronicle. September 1, 2012.
4-H Director to Serve as Interim Director of Montana State
University Extension." MSU News Service. August 23, 2012, accessed
2013-08-26; Schontzler, Gail. "Professor Didn't Follow Federal Grant
Rules, MSU May Have to Return $275,000." Bozeman Daily Chronicle.
August 9, 2013.
^ "MSU's Chief Spokesman Resigns." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. April 27,
^ "Ellig Named MSU Communications Director." Bozeman Daily Chronicle.
May 23, 2013.
^ "NE MT Pulse Plot Tour."
Montana State University
Montana State University Extension. Montana
State University. July 11, 2013. Accessed 2013-08-26.
^ "MSU Education Dean Leaving Post." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. December
^ "Marley Appointed MSU's Interim Vice President for Student Success."
Bozeman Daily Chronicle. May 14, 2013; "MSU Forms Committee to Search
for New Engineering Dean." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. August 3, 2013.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Seeks Regents' OK for Two-Year Gallatin
College." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. November 18, 2009.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Cruzado to try again for a Bozeman college of
technology." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. April 1, 2010.
^ Boyce, Dan. "New College of Technology Sets Up in Bozeman."
KTVQ.com. August 11, 2010. Accessed 2013-08-26.
^ "Gallatin College in Bozeman Adding 2 Programs." Associated Press.
May 31, 2011. Accessed 2013-08-26.
^ "Bozeman's Gallatin College Adds Programs." Billings Gazette. March
9, 2012. Accessed 2013-08-26.
^ Florio, Gwen. "Montana Regents Approve New Names for Two-Year
Colleges." The Missoulian. May 26, 2012.
^ a b c d e f g Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Off to a Wonderful Start,
Cruzado Says." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. September 26, 2012.
^ "Gamble, Wife to Leave Estate to Montana State University." Sidney
Herald. October 16, 2009. Accessed 2013-08-10.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Plan Calls for 16,000 Students By 2019."
Bozeman Daily Chronicle. September 6, 2012.
^ a b c Schontzler, Gail. "Ambitious MSU Plan Raises Concerns About
Workload, Funding." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. January 18, 2013.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Plans Ambitious Growth in Next Seven
Years." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. January 16, 2013.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "Leading By Example." Bozeman Daily Chronicle.
August 22, 2013.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU's Romney Gym, Business College Jump First
Hurdle." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. February 10, 2013.
^ a b c d Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Professors See Research Ranking as
Top Priority." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. May 8, 2013.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Romney Gym Project Left Out of Construction
Bill." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. April 17, 2013.
^ Smith, Keele (2 April 2013). "House votes to send more Montanans to
medical school". Montana Public Media. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
^ "Montanans Can Apply for New Program to Become Veterinarians."
Bozeman Daily Chronicle. August 4, 2013.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Bracing for Shortfall of $2 Million to $4.4
Million." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. April 28, 2011.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Cruzado Chooses 16 MSU Programs to Share $1.2
Million." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. March 31, 2012.
^ "MSU Alumni Association, Foundation to Merge." Belgrade News.
November 25, 2011. Accessed 2013-08-26.
^ "MSU Alum, Successful Businessman Gives $3 Million-Plus to College
of Business." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. December 10, 2010.
^ "$1M Donation to
Montana State University
Montana State University Creates Scholarship Fund."
Associated Press. May 2, 2011.
Montana State University
Montana State University Alum and Wife Give $1 Million for MSU
Students." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. May 3, 2011.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "$25 Million: Furniture Entrepreneur Gives MSU
Largest Gift Ever to Build New Business College." Bozeman Daily
Chronicle. October 15, 2011.
^ "Long-Time MSU Alumni Director Jaynee Drange Groseth Set to Retire."
Bozeman Daily Chronicle. May 10, 2013.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "
Montana State University
Montana State University Pitched as
Hard-Working Bargain." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. March 4, 2010.
^ "MSU Faculty to Vote on Whether to Keep Union." Associated Press.
March 27, 2013. Accessed 2013-08-25.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Faculty Union Talks Continue." Bozeman Daily
Chronicle. October 6, 2010.
^ "Montana Regents Advance Business College Plans." Associated Press.
November 19, 2011. Accessed 2013-08-25.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU to Add $200,000 to Faculty Pay." Bozeman
Daily Chronicle. March 8, 2012.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Geoff Gamble - A Hard Act to Follow." Bozeman
Daily Chronicle. August 29, 2009.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Cruzado Shatters Glass Ceiling, Challenges
Remain." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. February 7, 2010.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "$3 Million Grant to
Help MSU With Lingering
Hurdles for Women Professors." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. September 27,
^ This table compares
Montana State University
Montana State University to public and
land-grant universities without medical schools and which are members
of the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities. Salary data
for Carnegie Institution and national salaries is taken from Oklahoma
State University, 2011-2012 Faculty Salary Survey of Institutions
Belonging to Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities,
Stillwater, Okla.: Oklahoma State University, 2012, p. 293. Carnegie
Institution data is for the 2010-2011 academic school year, and is
corrected for inflation for the 2011-2012 academic year. Montana State
University 2011-2012 academic school year average faculty salary data
is taken from "State Board of Education Peer Group. AAUP Faculty
Salary Comparison – 2011-12." Office of Planning and Budget.
University of Idaho. May 11, 2012, p. 2, accessed 2013-08-30.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Tenured Faculty Union Gives Up Fight."
Bozeman Daily Chronicle. April 25, 2013.
^ a b c d e f Schontzler, Gail. "MSU's Research At a Crossroads As
McCoy Leaves." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. July 14, 2013.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Admits Mistake in Faculty Hiring Numbers."
Bozeman Daily Chronicle. July 20, 2013.
^ a b "MSU Has Record Enrollment." Big Sky Business Journal. October
6, 2009. Accessed 2013-08-10.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Research Sets New Record at $112
Million." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. August 17, 2012.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Research Totals $102.7 Million, Lands
Large New Grant for Work on Environment." Bozeman Daily Chronicle.
September 16, 2011. Accessed 2013-08-25.
^ Harrison, Melynda. "Montana, Colorado, Idaho Universities Get Nearly
$4 Million to Study Fire and Climate Change." Bozeman Daily Chronicle.
September 3, 2010.
^ "MSU Wins $1.6 Million for CO2 Underground Storage Research."
Associated Press. August 12, 2010.
^ a b c Schontzler, Gail. "Montana Universities Seek $71M in
Earmarks." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. January 4, 2010.
^ "MSU Wins $1.2 Million Hughes Grant for Biomedical, Science and
Indian Education." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. May 20, 2010.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU, UM Cooperate to Win $20 Million Research
Grant for Science, Engineering and Environment." Bozeman Daily
Chronicle. October 4, 2011.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "MSU to Lead $67 Million Research on Capturing
Greenhouse Gases." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. July 27, 2011. Accessed
^ "Longtime MSU Research Vice President Takes Job at University of
North Texas." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. May 20, 2013. Accessed
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Camper to Take Charge of MSU Research." Bozeman
Daily Chronicle. May 30, 2013.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Wants to Graduate More Ph.D.s." Bozeman Daily
Chronicle. April 4, 2013.
^ Anne Camper, Interim Vice President for Research, supported
Cruzado's assessment, in part, saying in September 2013 that the
sequester and the end of
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of
2009 money. See: Schontzler, "MSU Sees Record Enrollment, Bright
Future," Bozeman Daily Chronicle, September 11, 2013.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Land Board Votes to Accept Settlement." Bozeman
Daily Chronicle. December 20, 1999.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Animal Bioscience Building Brings MSU Livestock
Teaching, Research Into 21st Century." Bozeman Daily Chronicle.
November 5, 2010.
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "Stimulus Will Let MSU Upgrade Cooley Lab for
$17 Million." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. March 30, 2010. Accessed
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Cooley Lab Open Today After $16 Million Extreme
Makeover." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. September 28, 2012.
^ "Renovated MSU Lab Earns 'Green' Building Designation." Bozeman
Daily Chronicle. January 20, 2013.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Narrows New Business College Sites to Three."
Bozeman Daily Chronicle. March 1, 2012; Schontzler, Gail. "MSU Debates
Sites for New Business College." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. March 9,
^ a b Schontzler, Gail. "Dirt Hills a Sign of MSU's Busy Construction
Season." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. July 5, 2013.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Crews Scurry to Finish MSU Construction Projects
Before Students Arrive.' Bozeman Daily Chronicle. July 31, 2012.
^ "MSU unveils new look for new year". MSU News. 25 August 2011.
Retrieved 27 September 2012.
^ "Carnegie Recognizes MSU Excellence." Press release. MSU News.
January 12, 2011. Accessed 2012-09-27.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "MSU's New Family Care Room Helps Parents of
Infants." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. October 23, 2010.
^ Hergett, Rachel. "Veterans Center Gives Students a Place to Belong."
Bozeman Daily Chronicle. September 13, 2011.
^ "MSU planning Cat Walk for Friday." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. August
25, 2011; Hergett, Rachel. "Bobcats Take Spirit to the Streets."
Bozeman Daily Chronicle. August 27, 2011; Powell, Jesse. "MSU Cat Walk
Riles Up Downtown." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. August 25, 2012;
Sanchez-Gonzalez, Adrian. "MSU Community Catwalk 2013." Bozeman Daily
Chronicle. August 23, 2013.
^ Schontzler, Gail. "Obama Names Cruzado to Board on World Food,
Hunger." Bozeman Daily Chronicle. November 28, 2012.
^ Graham, Jordan. "UMass Dartmouth Names Post-Bombing Review Task
Force." Boston Herald. May 20, 2013. Accessed 2013-08-23.
^ "MSU President Honored by Montana Ambassadors as Educator of the
Year". MSU News. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2012.
^ "President of
Montana State University
Montana State University Will Give Seaman A. Knapp
Memorial Lecture in Honor of Extension Service Founder". National
Institute of Food and Agriculture. 27 August 2012. Retrieved 23 July
Who's Who in the West. 41st ed. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who, 2013.
Presidents of Montana State University
Carl W. McIntosh
Carl W. McIntosh (1970-1977)
Cruzado (2010– )
New Mexico State University
Pound sign (#) denotes inter