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WZAK
WZAK
(93.1 FM) – branded 93.1 WZAK
WZAK
– is a commercial urban adult contemporary radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio, serving Greater Cleveland
Cleveland
and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio. Owned by Radio One, WZAK
WZAK
is a local affiliate for The Tom Joyner Morning Show and nationally syndicated personality D. L. Hughley. The WZAK
WZAK
studios are located in Downtown Cleveland, while the station transmitter resides in Brecksville. Besides a standard analog transmission, WZAK broadcasts over three HD Radio
HD Radio
channels, and is available online.

Contents

1 History

1.1 1960s 1.2 1970s–80s 1.3 1990s–2000s

2 Current programming

2.1 Main 2.2 HD

3 References 4 External links

History[edit] 1960s[edit] WZAK
WZAK
began as an ethnic radio station, signing on the air on May 26, 1963. The Ohio
Ohio
Music Corporation, the local franchise for MUZAK, had the original construction permit to build the station. Ohio
Ohio
Music Corporation, Xen & Lula Zapis, Joe & Betty Bauer and Bob Stumpf formed Trans World Broadcasting to put WZAK
WZAK
on the air. Zapis and the Bauers had been previously involved with WXEN, an earlier ethnic programmer in Cleveland, which Zapis also was associated with (and which had call letters derived from Zapis' first name). WZAK
WZAK
was Cleveland's first full-time ethnic radio station, presenting programming in 17 foreign languages, including programs in Hungarian, German (hosted by the Bauers and a second show hosted by Bob Stumpf), Italian, Slovenian, Greek (hosted by Zapis and his wife Lula), Irish, Arabic, Lebanese, and Hindi. Some groups had multiple different programs; there were, for example, five different programs offered in Spanish and five different German programs. Most programs were brokered, that is, the program producers were not station employees, but independent producers who put the program on the air determined program content, and sold the advertising for the program. Although the program content varied, most programs primarily featured music from the homeland, along with some news or discussion. Although foreign languages seemed to dominate, English was actually used about half of the time during the station's broadcasts.[1] Owing to this practice, one of the more popular programs that aired on WZAK was not ethnic at all, but was an early progressive rock show hosted by Barry Weingart and Steve "Doc Nemo" Nemeth in 1967.[2][3] 1970s–80s[edit] WZAK's only competition in the Cleveland
Cleveland
market came from WXEN which also featured ethnic programming for a portion of its schedule. WZAK was the city's only full-time ethnic station – and its last. By 1979, the station, then owned by Trans World Broadcasting Corp. of Cleveland
Cleveland
whose president was Zapis, found it difficult to maintain its ethnic format. The number of listeners was declining, several of the program hosts had died or retired, and the overall financial situation was discouraging. In 1980, Zapis bought out his partners to become the majority owner of the station, forming Zapis Communications. The station began straying from its all-ethnic format, as Wayne Mack began programming beautiful music on the station. On March 2, 1981, at 6 AM, the station adopted a black-oriented urban contemporary format, continuing its ethnic programming only on Sundays (for a while). Ratings improved with the arrival in May 1982 of program director and DJ Lynn Tolliver, Jr. and general sales manager Mike Hilber. Several controversial promotions also drew media attention to the station. Over the next few years, the station's ratings climbed, and it finished first in the Arbitron ratings on April 5, 1990. Critical opinion also improved. In 1993, for example, it won three Billboard magazine awards.[4] Zapis Communications purchased and operated radio stations in Atlanta, Boston (WWTM, WAAF), Akron and Youngstown (WPAO, WICT, WWSY). WZAK
WZAK
faced stiffed competition from Beasley Broadcasting's "Disco 108" (WDMT), which at the time played club mixes and more disco and urban music in Cleveland. 1990s–2000s[edit] In 1997, the station replaced its popular Three's Company morning show with the syndicated Tom Joyner Morning Show. The January 16, 1997 and January 15, 1998 Arbitron ratings again showed WZAK
WZAK
to be the number one station in Cleveland. On August 12, 1998, Chancellor Media Corporation of Texas announced its purchase of WZAK
WZAK
from Zapis Communications, along with its purchase of five other Cleveland
Cleveland
radio stations, WZJM, WDOK, WQAL, WRMR and WJMO, for $275 million.[5] It was, at the time, the largest radio deal in Cleveland
Cleveland
broadcasting history. On July 13, 1999, Chancellor Media merged with Capstar Broadcasting to form AMFM Inc., at that time the nation's largest radio station owner with 465 stations. AMFM sold WZAK
WZAK
to Radio One on July 20, 2000 as part of a required divestiture when AMFM merged with Clear Channel Communications.[6] Shortly after the sale, WZAK
WZAK
shifted to Urban AC to avoid overlap with new sister station (and younger-targeting) WENZ.[citation needed] Current programming[edit] Main[edit] WZAK
WZAK
features nationally syndicated hosts Tom Joyner and D.L. Hughley in morning and afternoon drive respectively (both via Cumulus Media Networks). Local DJ Sam Sylk is heard middays, and Radio One DJ John Monds is heard evenings. HD[edit]

HD2 digital subchannel simulcasts the urban gospel format of sister station WJMO. HD3 subchannel simulcasts the news/talk format of sister station WERE.[7][8][9][10]

References[edit]

^ "Encyclopedia of Cleveland
Cleveland
History: WZAK". Ech.cwru.edu. Retrieved 2014-08-18.  ^ Olszewski, Mike (2003). Radio daze: stories from the front in Cleveland's FM air wars. [Kent, Ohio]: Kent State University Press. pp. 4–7. ISBN 0873387732.  ^ Adams, Deanna R. (2002). Rock 'n' roll and the Cleveland
Cleveland
connection. [Kent, Ohio]: Kent State University Press. p. 103. ISBN 0873386914.  ^ "WZAK-FM is recipient of 3 Billboard awards (in CLENIX)". Catalog.cpl.org. 1993-09-11. Retrieved 2014-08-18.  ^ "Company News; Chancellor Media To Buy Six Cleveland
Cleveland
Radio Stations". The New York Times. August 13, 1998.  ^ "#415: 07-20-00 JUSTICE DEPARTMENT REQUIRES CLEAR CHANNEL AND AM FM TO DIVEST 99 RADIO STATIONS IN 27 MARKETS Required Sale is Largest Radio Divestiture Ever". Usdoj.gov. 2000-07-20. Retrieved 2014-08-18.  ^ "Show Schedules 93.1 WZAK". Wzakcleveland.com. Retrieved 2014-08-18.  ^ "Station Guide: Cleveland, OH". HDRadio.com. HD Radio. 2015. Retrieved January 15, 2011.  ^ Lance Venta (2013-03-27). "RadioInsight — Skip Murphy To Replace Michael Baisden". Radioinsight.com. Retrieved 2014-08-18.  ^ "Sam Sylk Moves to Middays At WZAK". AllAccess.com. 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2014-08-18. 

External links[edit]

Official website

Query the FCC's FM station database for WZAK Radio-Locator information on WZAK Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WZAK Encyclopedia of Cleveland
Cleveland
History: WZAK Cleveland
Cleveland
Broadcast Radio Archives: WZAK
WZAK
timeline PraiseCleveland.com (WZAK-HD2) NewsTalkCleveland.com (WZAK-HD3)

v t e

Radio stations in the Cleveland, Ohio
Ohio
market

By FM frequency

87.7 88.3 88.3 88.7 89.3 90.3 91.1 91.5 92.3 93.1 95.5 96.5 98.5 99.1 99.5 100.7 102.1 103.3 104.1 104.9 105.7 106.5 107.3 107.9

By AM frequency

850 930 1000 1100¹ 1220 1260 1300 1320 1330 1380 1420 1460 1490 1540

By callsign

WABQ WAKS WBWC WCCD WCCR WCLV WCPN WCRF-FM WCSB WDLW WDOK WENZ WEOL WERE WFHM-FM WGAR-FM WHK WHKW WHLK WHWN WINT WJCU WJMO WKHR WKNR WKRK-FM WLFM-LP WMJI WMMS WNCX WNWV WOBL WQAL WRUW-FM WTAM¹ WWGK WZAK

Online

oWOW Radio

Defunct

WATJ (1560 AM) WJTB (1040 AM)

Ohio
Ohio
radio markets Akron Canton Cincinnati Cleveland Columbus Dayton Lima Marietta Toledo Youngstown–Warren

Other Ohio
Ohio
radio regions Ashtabula Ironton Mid-Ohio Sandusky Southern Ohio Wheeling/Steubenville

See also List of radio stations in Ohio Radio stations in Southwestern Ontario

¹ = Clear-channel stations with extended nighttime coverage.

v t e

Urban One

Key people

Cathy Hughes (Chairman and CEO)

Radio shows

The Tom Joyner Morning Show (via Reach Media under contract) Russ Parr
Russ Parr
Morning Show (via AURN) The Yolanda Adams
Yolanda Adams
Morning Show The Donnie Simpson
Donnie Simpson
Show

Radio stations (under the Radio One division)

Mainstream urban

KBFB KBXX WCDX WCKX WENZ WERQ-FM WGPR1 WHHL WHTA WIZF WKYS WPHI-FM WQNC WQOK

Urban adult contemporary

KMJQ KZMJ WAMJ WBMO WDCJ WDMK WFXC WFXK WKJM WKJS WMMJ WRNB WTLC-FM WUMJ WWIN-FM WXMG WZAK

Urban gospel

WJMO WJYD WNNL WPPZ-FM WPRS-FM WPZE WPZR WPZS WPZZ WTLC WWIN WYCB

Urban talk

WDBZ WERE WOL WOLB

CHR

WNOW-FM KROI

Rhythmic CHR

WHHH

Rhythmic Oldies

WFUN-FM WOSF WOSL

Urban oldies

W275BK

ESPN Radio

WTPS WXGI

Other

WDNI-CD
WDNI-CD
(Telemundo) TV One Interactive One

1 Owned by International Free and Accepted Modern Masons and operated by Radio

.